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Historical  and   Biographical. 

"S  BLANCHARD.  Editor. 






Historical   and   Biographical. 


r.  A.  B*TT«i. 





r.  w.  TtFPLi. 

t    ii>*i 

i|i  1^1  » 

or    THE 




THIS  Tolnnsft  goe*  forlh  *>  onr  patrons  the  roenlt  of  mftnths  of  arduoiu, 
uttremittiDj;  and  i^uoflcHmtioOh^  labor,  Nutie  ho  well  know  aa  fhow 
who  tiATC  bM>n  iU50ciaM»tl  with  tu)  the  nlmost  lUBOnuoi^itotile  dilBouUiM  to 
be  met  with  to  the  proparatKid  uf  »  wurli  of  thiH  (.OmniRt^r.  Siiico  the  lo- 
■ngnnitioii  of  the  euterprise.'a  large  Force  biia  tweo  employed  id  gstlM>riDg 
nutariel.  Daring  thin  tjm«,  ratvt  trf  ttm  flifcizf>ii9  uf  tho  tbreo  oountied  bare 
been  eallad  apuu  to  coDtribute  from  their  recoUc-ctioiU).  cari'Inlly  preeerreil 
leUeni.  ncrap*  of  miuiuscript,  printed  f!ragiueDt£,  laeiooranda.  «l«.  Public 
Kconk  tod  wmi 'Official  dodUQemtfi  haTe  bmo  fi«>arche<l,  the  Dt^wspiiper  files 
of  th»  cnuDtiw  hiivn  hoen  overhauled,  und  fonner  citizonH,  now  living  out 
of  tba  couDlim,  hnve  been  corrBfipondtid  with,  for  the  TeriBpstioD  of  the  io- 
tamutioD  by  a  oooferencH  with  moDf.  In  tfafhering  from  thece  Dum«t>UB 
sotirDM,  both  for  the  bi!>torical  and  biographical  df^iartmeDls,  the  cunflicl- 
ia^  tftitUvDvute.  tbc  discrepanciw  and  the  fallible  and.  incompl^tQ  natunt  uf 
(ndrltc  dociiioetito,  wer«  almostappalli&g  to  otir  historians  and  biographers, 
wfao  w«w«  expertod  to  weave  therefrom  with  some  degree  of  aoeiira<!y,  in 
ptaommic  rericw,  a  reourd  nt  eveotH.  ULembHn  of  the  saiDe  fatailiee  disHf^roo 
••  to  the  ttpeUing  of  the  family  Dame,  contradict  each  other*B  etatementA  aa 
to  datca  of  birth,  of  selltpmont.  in  the  ootuitiee.  Dativity  and  other  matters 
of  fact.  lo  this  entangled  couditiuo,  wo  bare  given  preference  to  the 
IffepofideorBsce  of  AClhority,  and  while  we  acknowledge  the  existenoo 
of  errors  and  onr  inability  to  fTim!i>b  a  jwrffrl  history,  we  claim  to 
have  eom^  up  to  the  slandard  of  our  promt^e«i.  and  given  aa  accurate  a 
wurk  aa  the  natara  of  the  anrroiiDdingii  wonkl  pm-wit.  ^VIlateve^  may  be 
the  Tardiot  of  thoee  who  do  not  and  will  not  oomprebeod  tho  difficulties  to 
be  met  iritii.  we  feel  aaaured  tlint  all  i»si  and  thoughtful  people  will  appro- 
eiate  our  tShtt^  aod  recognise  tho  importance  oE  the  undertaking  afid.lhe 
gfeat  pablir  1i«>Defit  that  h&H  boen  atwomplished  in  preserving  the  Taltiabln- 
biatorieal  matter  of  the  ooontieE  aud  biographies  of  many  of  their  citizenn, 
that  [wrbapn  would  otherwise  have  pamed  into  oblivion.  To  those  who  have 
given  OS  their  aopport  and  encouragement,  we  acknowlei^e  our  gmtitnde, 
sod  con  aaenre  them  that  as  years  go  by  the  book  will  grow  in  value  as  a 
repository  not  <Hjly  of  pleafiing  reading  matter,  butof  treasured  information 
of  the  pwt  that  will  become  ui  enduriog  rnonumeDi 

Anih,  1884.  THE  PDBtJSHEBS. 


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rwunlcirdlen ..—...■—■. ..^ _.>...«■_  SU 

KItoilaai.  Unt . su 

L«a>t  liimn.  Earl r-»-"~i- •■-»—■■-'- —  Ml 

irrlBlu  or  ytnie...^...,^.. ._„„ ._„„  SW 

IWaMcnit  of  lUt...^. ~. -._...—.....>.  S« 

Nibools _.,.__.._._...„. _,,„,  Sn 

Hakmx  T'lWsnitp.^..;!;..— ->-....•— ..—...«>  lUS 

<^imhe&-.. — — .....,.._.__u.._......M.  Ml 

UtnlofT   .,...- - _  .._,  au 

nijskJ  Da-ortiilloa ..~~___ MS 


StitlanMBI  .. 


nu-ti  lHuwam  Town*ht|i 

UtaUia  Tnwbililp-.-...... ,.^„.,».„.„_.... 

DIotiialiipaB  <'Mj ._........_ _ 

BlMmtestoD  Tamuhlp...^— ._............_ 

ClwrCiMk  Toi>iMlit|i _ _„.,. 

IndUnvraek  Towiulilp »...~^.. 

lUrknTowiulilp. _ _.,_„ 

I^orrr  To»ii»lii|> _i_ 

IlirliUad  Tavmhlp,. .. ._._..-... ........_... 

dtli.i'TOBk  Ti>irDiihlp...^......»»._».».— .«.> 

Van  BuMD  Tontliv- ~.^~-.,-m—i 

W*(blll||ttlll  Tvinublp.- ^....—.•.•—.mm 



Siarab  litaUfllc* _ 
reiiKCDuri.  l-lfrt 



ClorLi,  CoiiDlj — . — ,„_ ,„,__  Wt 






ruaiuoQ  1'Iau  Coun.  flrtt.  . 

Ciifouan.-,--  -.....— •.--.^ .,-,.. 

CmmiT  iiullilinc) -- — 

rraatluD  o(  Tnuiuhl pa. ..,...„ 
Kleoilog,  l'im<  «u]jtj,..,__ 

Klntluii  IMijttis. I II.,. .._ WO 

Fihnniv*,  .SLBl.iirt4iTit  0'.--,*..............-.,......-  AM 

lutlltii  ■  cniuii  Tmlit* _.^ 079 

littlijiUirY  i*gMMtivfi  I Jiiictnaeala'., to.. ,,.,„..  410 
llanwDf  lalvmt,  UlKslIauctnu _...__....-.  M7 

Jiiill|<a.  AvuifUta. ......»..._._,._.... IM 

Jti  J|(«^  rtniuli _...„.....„..„..  RM 

JnilKn*,  ( iiiii«iiiii  neu— _  IBS 

JudffBk,  ProbuU. __..,._,  «H 

JuMloca  mil  roiuiiiIuluDcn..,-. (M 

LItuanr.  Conmy.. (SI 

Medical  AoLkt;,  I'oumj' .^ DHO 

llHilDK  of  lh»  I'onnl)'  BoOiM.  VtM OS 

<ilil  Siiikn'  A»uv1biIi>ii _..^ I)I>3 

I'lUfim.l'oiiTIIT  fBO 

Pliv.l«l«ii^  Ll»t cif.,.™..^.,.., _„ ...  BH 

I'oiiiioi,  c'nuair...„.„. „ _.._.  tM 

Popiiiuian  - „, an 

Vnrm,  Tliv  0«aDlr. _._.,.»...._,.,.„„.....  DM 

Prohaui  Lviirtii.  I'lrrt „™__.i..,._ „  mi 

Kacra Alpn  —  —  .-^. ..,T^.to-..,..«„..^.4.*-..«.,....*  4Pr 

^rlinii]  iwiaiultBluoera.  Mc... ..»».„.„._ on 

K«luMi1  rnndu,  ili-lBin  or...._...»~._.„._.....    ttl 
SubMi  i<uli*llcai....— ..~.~— —^ ~..«  Mt 

K9lnLi7,  Couatj .^„..._.. -...,..»  Oil 
■Hib , ass 

narrrjan.. _.,_ _„.,._....„...  «es 

TaiiH  tor  IMS 708 

TrcaMitin ........_..._... ....  SM 

Trvaiuirn'  Kapotti . _  Too 

MitiT^HT  JIiiTonr ...«_....- _._ ...._  T03 

UouiiLi.  Ikrllur.uU .  711 

I  alli  I01  Trnou _ _.„.,..,.,_ „  TI8 

CoualT  In  IhI _ .,...._......,,._  7W 

Tounlir  In  IWl ,....„ „„„„,_ _„  711) 

t>ran  vf  iMIobM,  IMl...-_ » 7W 

Iirartu  «r  l»M.iU. _.._......„.„.,.._._  Til 

l-Iiiliflimo'it  In  1W3....«.4 
FiiKaliui-ulTiHn.-..  .., 
I'all  of  T'lrt  .Siin.tCT-,. 

..-._... -  T« 


........  :m 

lalkiiirjr,  Twrclr-MOOBd. »«.■..-....-.. ..  Tl> 

labairv.  i'JithtT-*i><<An>l _..  "H 

InlWliin,  Oiiq  ltiia<lr\\laiidTwualklfa 7H 

tnlhDirr,  r>iia  itimilml  aiul  rniiy-IHth......  ?14 

Mvaiciii  W.t,  Tliii .._..„„  ?n 

Millilii  nriniiiluiiun* _........»......  TU3 

Xuialjir  o(  U«n  KumUh«ii>._ ...............  Til 

FvcKiuD  noil. — _., „.„...„ _„  ;i« 

Polllloal  KMlIng  In  Uautl , 7% 

Boll  of  Hoivx..... _...._...._ „„ TM 

ToluDloa™ .- .. _.. __  TOS 

W  niii_x<.t.-.x  IVunmnlF 717 

.AliliiiilM.  Tahip  «r. —„.... _„..,.  718 

BantlDH  al  Xtall*1Ua 710 

CoDciwof  I  srt..>._._ ..._..._..._......  _.....  Its 

Cbutvhaa.^ „ 7S1 

(liii  liHitliin^. ...-_.-. 



Incarfantlon  or<^lintr8Mt 

luilitflrlM.. ....I-..- ■_... 

J  aoliM  u  b  uiy  -.     >—• • 

Luid  Eautoa...-. _....,..-..-.„.« 

Mlnwala —-..»... 

SMhifBla..-. _. 

ou - ._.„...... 

Ornnltallun. .. —...—. 

ISIITas  Pwrm  nt  1MI 

aalL 1^. .._.....». -.».... 

iSchiMl*. -.._.•.. 

nnrei  ;*ticIaUea. ...... .._«.».___ . 

:?*llhn.  Kar1r-.— .  -..- — ..— 

CliuruliOT —._._....-_. — .,-.... 

l>imtiiD|M  eUi... 

Fumialloo  of  Tovublp......-., 

(  i^OWMOWtl 

r.old  lH|«*IU..__..,.„. , 

Hiiturlaal  lUmi... 

Hnr-o  ltK«>....._ ...„._..... 

X^Kliuon — „ 

IMIl-TiX  Vaym  «r  IftU 

Scli'Mjl*  ...    , ......-., 

SattLMiianU.  Tb«  MM _...! 

HaMau7  TwstBxr  —....-•«■•••». 

Entritv  at  land...... 

iBi-JdcDla ..._._... 

loiliMtrle*. _. 

XaturtI  Wedlb.. 

Pnll-Tai  PaTwn  of  ISU 

aahoolh  ..• — 

VII  l^ca. ....  „ „ .... 

WMla  i<WUI«i«Dt 

Tas  1Ii;rvs  Towwiiir....!— 

niitrrhM .... 

I^Q  d  l^n  I  rio.  .„..........„—..._....  I 


(>nrau  iutloD..--,-..-».-...«.^.-..... 
riiTl  Ta»  Pajsra  of  !»«..__.-... 
Rotkt -..._.....-i 

Setioul*  ..._........... « 

NaiUmtint  hir  Wblta  man — .. 



Vlll.^.^ .._.. ._ 

Jotissax  Tnwsnrii*.- »..-»»__ 

KlkHorllla ._..-„„ 

Knt  of  .''vitlcaiciil...... 

lnol(l(>nu  and  Xuio ...._> 

LbdiI  Lnlrlt* .- ..~. 

Iyi11-Tii  I'lfcn  or  18ta....«.. 
8urfnM  and  AmI  ■■..—..—...»—. 


Htiulileu  Tu«n«bt|t.. . 

Jafiikjuji  Tow  uKhih ,. 

JahiMou  Ti>*i»li(p.. 


Vau  Burcu  T»wiwh]a..._,_.. 
VTajihlngl'iii  Tawoahip 





THE  oouQtv  of  Morgan  is  in  toany  respects  one  of  the  moet  favora- 
bl;  located  tncis  of  coutitr;  in  the  State  of  Indiana.  It  is  withia 
ID  hour's  ride  of  the  Stale  capital,  and  is  buuniled  on  the  north  hy  U«q< 
dricks  and  Marion  Couniiea.  on  ttie  east  b;  JutinMon,  on  the  south  bj 
Brown  auil  Monroe,  and  on  the  wmt  by  Owen  and  Futnau.  The  county 
eoDtaina  450  Hjaare  milen,  or  291,800  aorea,  and  ig  watered  b;  the  W«st 
Fork  of  White  River,  and  by  its  bnmohes,  White  Lick  Creek.  Mud 
Cr«^,  Big  Indian  Creek.  Stott's  Creek.  Clear  Croi?k,  Barnott'e  Creek, 
Rhotkt*  Creek,  Mill  Creek,  and  by  other  amullcr  streams.  Tlip  Tallejs 
are  extremely  fertile,  and  produce  miimally  Urge  crops  of  f;rain.  The 
numerous  bluffs  along  the  principal  'water-counies  are  suitable  for  gmzing. 
There  is  an  abundance  of  timber,  consiBting  of  poplar,  walnut,  while  oak, 
bickory,  beech,  maplo  and  other  vurietiea.  An  abundance  of  excellent 
building  atone  is  found,  and  is  near  the  surface  and  eaHily  obtained.  Na- 
rife  gold  aad  copper  have  been  found  in  small  quantities,  The  sanitary 
eonditiODS  are  very  faTorable,  aa  the  porosity  of  the  soil  atid  the  rolling 
character  of  the  Mr£we  prevent  the  development  of  malaria. 

The  county  was  formerly  the  undisputed  home  of  the  Miami  tribe  of 
Indians.  Here  ihey  had  lived  for  an  indeterminate  period  of  years, 
anmelHtcd  by  tbe  whites.  The  earlier  race,  known  &»  Mound-Builders, 
•0  (ar  as  can  he  learned,  left  no  traces  of  their  presence  in  the  county. 
The  ease  Is  different  with  the  Indiiuia.  They  were  here  when  our  fathers 
came,  and  mingled  freely  with  the  white  men.  The  rapid  settlement  of 
the  Stale  after  the  war  of  ]$12-15,  uid  eepecially  after  the  battle  of 
Tippecanoe  in  1811,  when  the  power  of  the  Indians  was  completely 
erashed.  led  to  numeroas  treatiea,  whereby  the  Indians  ceded  to  the  Go?- 
amment  various  tracta  of  land,  and  retired  toward  the  setting  sun.  The 
DrlnwarM,  many  years  before,  had  obtained  from  the  Miamis  a  large 
tnct  of  land  in  Central  ludiuna.  In  October,  1818.  at  St.  Mary's, 
Ohio,  the  MiamiA  and  Delawarett  ceded  to  the  United  States  a  large  tract 
of  land  in  Central  and  Southern  Indiana,  including  the  present  county 
of  Morgan,  except  n  nmatl  portion  in  the  southwestern  part,  which  bad 
been  reunqaishcd  at  an  rarlier  date.  This  was  scurccly  done  Wfore  the 
white  settlers  began  to  invade  the  present  county  in  search  of  homee,  and 
the  survey  of  tho  laniU  was  oommenccd. 



THE   LAS^  acnVET    ASD  the  KABLT   EIITRIG8. 

Township  11  north,  Range  2  west,  which  had  beeo  ceded  b;  the  Iii- 
dkoa  prior  to  18K1,  was  eiin-eye^  in  that  Te»r  br  William  Harria,  and 
iru  therefore  the  first  hind  in  the  couotv  measured  by  a  eurreyer'a  chain 
and  ooinpasB.     It  wag  re-surroyed  by  Thomas  Brown  in  1819.  Towoahip 

11  north.  Range  2  eaat,  was  surreycd  in  18*20,  by  B.  Bentley;  Township 

12  north,  Range  2  eant,  in  1820.  hy  B.  Bentley:    Township  13  north, 
Range  2  <aet,  in  1820,  by  B.  Bentley;  Township  14  north.  Ran^  2  cast, 
in  1820,  by  W.  B.  Lauchlin  ;  Township  11  north.  Range  1  east,  in  1819, 
b^'   Thomas  Brown  ;    Township   12  north,   Range   1  Cflfit,  in  1819,  by 
Thomas  Brown;  Towoahip  18  north.  Range  1  east,  in  1819,  by  Thomas 
Brown ;  Township  14  north,  Ksnge  1  east,  in  1820.  by  Stephen  Collett ; 
Township  11  north.  Range  1  west,  in   1819.  by  Thomas  Brown,  and  in 
1848  (the  islands)  by  A.  E.  Van  Ness ;    Township  12  north,  Range  1 
west,  in  1819,  hy  Thomas  Brown  ;  Township  18  north.  Range  1  weal,  in 
181S,  by  John  Sfilroj;  Township  11  north.  Range  2  west,  in  1816,  by 
William  Harris,  and  in  1819  by,  Thomas  Brown;    Township  12  north. 
Range  2  west,  in  1819,  by  John  Milroy:  Township  IS  north,  Range  2 
weal,  in  1819,  by  John  Milrov.     The  liate  of  the  arrirai  of  the  first  set- 
tlers cannot  be  mren,  though  it  was  probably  1818.     Ten  or  Gfteon  fami- 
lies arriTed  in  1819,  and  many  more  in    1820.     All  who  came  prior  to 
September  4,  1820,  and,  indeed,  many  who  came  after  that  date,  were 
**  B^joatters,"  not  owning  the  land  upon   which  they   lived    until  they 
lud  taken  out  pr«!-emption  papers  under  the  ordinance  of  1787,  and 
later  Congressional  enactments  granting  and  modifying  the  right.     It  is 
estimated  that  sixty  or  seventy  fnmilies  were  living  in  the  county  on  the 
lat  day  of  January,  1821.     On  the  4th  of  September,  1820,  the  lands 
of  the  county  were  formally  thrown  into  marJtet  for  the  first  time.  Those 
who  had  come  in  previously  hastened  tn  the  land  oflice  at  Brookville,  and 
entered  the  claims  they  had  squatted  upon  or  pre-empted,  and  ninny 
others,  who  had  uot  yet  been  in  the  county,  came  in  search   of  homea. 
Perhaps  two-thirds  of  the  early  settlers  were  from   the  Southern  States, 
mostly  from   Kentucky,  but  largely  from  Tennesaee,  Yirgitila  and  the 
Carolinas.     The  following  peraons  entered  land  in  the  county  in  the  year 
1820,  after  the  4th  of  September,  in  the  township  and  range  given  with 
each  namo :    Philip  Hodges.  Township  11  north.  Range  1  east;  Joseph 
Townsoud,  same;    George  Mathews,  same;    Benjamin   Freeland,  same; 
Benjamin  Huffman,  same;  John  Case,  same;  Jacob  Cutler,  same;  Jacob 
Lafavre,  same ;  John  Gray,  same ;  Josboa  Taylor,  same;  joahoa  Gray, 
same;  Thomas  Jenkins,  same ;  Chester   Holbrook.  same;    Jncob  Case, 
same ;  John   Reed,  same ;    Nancy  Smith,  same ;    Isaac  Ilolling&'wurth, 
same  ;  Presley  Buckner.  same.     All  iheae  located  in  Township  11  north, 
Range  1  cast.     The  following  persons  enlercl  land  in  1820.  after  Sep- 
tember 4,  in  Township  12  nortti,  Range  1  east:  John  ButterBeld,  David 
Matlock,  Enoch  MeCarty,  Benjamin  McCarty,  Jonathan  Lyon,  Martin 
McCoy.  Samuel  Elliott,  Jonathan  Williams,  Dcvalt  Koons.  John  Connor, 
Andrew  Waymore,  Larkin  Reynolds.  Tboraas  Jenkins,  Joel  Ferguson, 
Reuben  Most,  John   Graves.     The  following  entered  land  at  the  same 
time  in  Township  13  north.   Range  1   east:    Francis    Brock,   William 
Ballard,  Thomas  Lee,   Charles  Vertreese,  James  Hadley,  Eli   Hadley, 



William  Rooker,  Charles  RpyiioIiK  Isaiah  Drury  ami  ilcnjamin  Barnes. 
Wiltiam  Pounds  located  in  Tcnnsbip  14  north,  Range  1  east,  eame 
time.  i.  e.,  from  Sepkmber  4.  1820,  to  the  oloee  of  the  ;car.  The  fol- 
lovtng  p€»»onB  cntcrcel  laml  iJuring  the Mmo  period  in  Township  11  north. 
Range  I  vest;  James  K.  llatoilton.  John  Burnett,  Samuel  Ncwcll,  Fred 
Bariibart,  Daniel  Stout,  Juhu  Kenniiljr,  Rice  Stroud,  laom  Strond,  An- 
tfcoDj  Vernon.  Presley  Uuckner  and  Thomas  Hoilgea.  The  above  per- 
Bona,  numbering  fiftjr-four,  were  the  only  ones  who  entered  land  in  tlie 
eoanty  id  1820. 

The  foUowinp  persons  entered  land  in  the  ye«r  1821 :  Samuel  Scott, 
James  Clark.  Jacob  Cutler.  Thomas  Ilodley,  IIoDry  11.  Hobbs, 
Charles  Reynolds,  George  Mathews,  Jonathan  Lyon,  W.  W.  Drew, 
Elixha  Hamden.  Thomas  Irons.  James  Stott.  Jonathan  Williams, 
John  Uodgee.  John  Butterfield.  James  L.  Kidds,  Edward  Irons.  David 
Allent  Jacob  Chose.  John  Marker,  Edward  Joqcs,  Jacob  Case,  Joaeph 
Henabaw.  Abuer  Cox,  David  Matloek.  Thomas  Doe,  Joseph  Frazier, 
William  McDowell,  Samuel  Jones,  Thomas  BeeUr,  John  Leavel),  Jesse 
McCoy,  Chmtopher  Ladd,  Joseph  Bennett,  Samuel  Btair,  David  Price, 
Joseph  Sims,  John  namilt^^n,  John  Barnes,  George  II.  Bwler,  Joseph 
Beeler,  Benjamin  Mills.  Robert  Stafford.  William  Gregory,  Cyrus  Whel- 
ttl  Jesse  Tull,  Hciitt  Boot,  John  Paul.  Thomas  Ingles.  Joseph  Bennett, 
Thomas  Gardner,  William  Goodwin,  James  Burcb,  Ezekiel  Slaughter, 
John  McMahon,  Jacob  B,  Reyman,  John  VV.  Reyman.  Christopher  Ha- 
ger,  Tliomas  Carey,  Benjamin  Carey,  George  Moon,  Snmiiel  Dodda,  Jo- 
iiab  Tomlins'>n,  Eh  Hadley.  Abuer  Cox,  James  Carl  and  John  Sells,  all 
of  whom  locati:^  east  of  the  Second  Principal  Meridian  ;  and  David  Fain, 
Hiram  Stroud,  Thomas  Hodges,  Philip  Hodgos,  Wiley  Williams,  Abnor 
Alexander,  Samuel  Qosa,  Wdtiam  Anderson,  Joseph  Kibble,  James  Mc- 
Kinaey,  Thomas  Thompson  and  Reuben  F.  Allen,  on  the  vmt  side  of  the 

The  following  persons  entered  tanctin  the  year  1822:  Allen  Gray, 
John  Gray.  Alexander  Rowand,  I.  Gray,  William  Townaend,  Josiah 
Townseod,  Presley  Buckner,  James  Reynolds,  Jacob  Cutler,  Joshua  Car- 
ter, Benjamio  Cutbhert,  Martin  McDauiel,  Isaiah  Drury,  William  Bales, 
Elisa  lUdley,  Jehu  Carter,  Moses  Anderson,  William  MoCracken,  6.  F. 
BeasoD,  John  H.  Bray,  Je^se  Overman,  Charles  Vertreese.  Jacob  Jeestip, 
Andrew  Clark,  Richard  Day.  William  Ballard,  Stewart  Reynolds,  Eli 
Mills,  Isiiac  Price.  John  and  Enoch  Summcns,  Charles  Kctchum,  George 
Crutchfield,  Juhn  Martin.  Levi  Pliimmer,  David  E.  Allen.  Benjamin 
Mills,  Ilirun  Mathews,  Abner  Cox,  William  Landers,  Thomas  Ballard, 
Harris  Bray,  John  Kennedy,  Abraham  Stroud,  Fred  Burkhart,  John 
Boekoer  and  John  Mannon,  all  locating  east  of  the  meridian  line  except 
tha  five  last  named.  The  abore  littts  include  all  who  entered  tsnd  in  the 
coDOty  prior  to  the  1st  of  January.  1823.  Besides  these  there  were  a 
eomnaradvely  few  families  living  in  the  county  who  owned  no  land.  They 
would  probably  eqoal  in  numbers  those  named  above  who  never  resided 
io  the  county,  so  that  the  above  lints  may  be  taken  ns  showing  to  within 
a  close  figure  the  povulatioD  of  the  county  at  that  time.  Probably  170 
familiea  resided  !n  the  county  by  January  1,  1S2S.  This  would  repre- 
sent a  jKipuIatioD  of  abcot  800. 




Tlie  territory  comprisiag  Morgun  Oountjr  was  n  portion  of  tliat  cxton- 

■ive  iract  of  couDirji' secured  by  cession   from   the  Detaware  uml  Miami 

Indiana  in  1818,  and  known  as  the  "  New  Purchise."     The  next  le^al 

provision  concerning  the  t«rritory  composing  the  county  was  an  act  of  the 

State  Legislature  approved  Jaiiuarj  20,  18^0,  tho  socond  ftection  of  tho 

act  beinj*  as  follows  : 

SRtn'iOK  2.  Tbal  all  thv  roniaining  pari  of  Iho  said  Ni<w  Purrliaae  lyfng  esat  of 
the  SccomI  Pri ii('i|>nl  Muritllan.  rxicpi  ki>  miicli  of  it  as  hnn  lioon  Attnclied  lo  Ibc 
couniicior  Fayptie,  Jackaon  (inrl  Wayiw  by  fitrincr  liiivi«.  and  cxtt'pi  bo  much  of  It 
aa  Is  Bllochvd  by  tbe  Hrxt  iti:ctioa  uf  ihif  net  to  Ihv  roiinifca  Doincil  ibcririn.  l»c.  and 
tbc  siHUC  i«  hurcby  fonn<.<)J  into  n  new  ctiuDty,  to  l>c  known  by  the  Qantc  of  Dela- 
wtiT^:  and  fill  tltal  part  of  tho  iaM  New  I'urcJiAMt  Ivlng  Wf^nt  of  tho  Second  Princl- 
piil  .^l^rMiiiD  tie  aud  Uic  mine  in  bervby  foriiii- J  inton  Dcw  county,  to  bo  Icuown  b; 
tbe  iininf  of  Wiilia*))- 

Tliis  act  tn&de  all  of  the  present  Morgan  County  east  of  the  meridian 
linen  part  of  Delaware  County,  and  all  west  of  that  lino  a  part  of  Wa- 
bash County.  Tbe  first  electjona  held  in  the  county  vrnre  before  its  crea- 
tion, and  after  the  passage  of  the  above  act,  or  during  the  yean*  18*20  and 
1821.  and  the  returns  went  to  the  county  nents  of  Delaware  and  Wahaah 
Counties  rcipeoUvvIy.  It  is  impossible  to  tell  whcru  they  are  uow.  as 
thme  cuunties  then  were  widely  different  in  size,  form  nnd  location  from 
what  they  are  at  present.  In  1821,  the  rapid  settlement  of  the  t«'rritDry 
CorapoKing  the  county  made  it  apparent  to  the  settlers  that  a  new  county 
ought  to  be  create<l  for  their  benefit,  and  accordinj;ly  at  the  scMion  of  the 
Lt^slature  of  \B'2\-^2  a  petition  from  the  residenl*  was  formally  pre- 
Bentod,  praying  that  such  an  cnnctmenc  might  be  puscd.  Accordingly, 
the  following  act  was  introduced,  pai^sed,  and  approved  by  the  Oorernor  : 


UtD  Wamabii  : 

tlKDTro?!  1.  B«  it  enucU'I  iig  '/«  Ofner^tl  Aut'My  of  (A«  Stat«  of  InJiatM,  Thai 
from  and  after  the  fitieontb  <lfly  of  Pobniury  npxt,  all  tliat  part  of  iht  rounn>»  of 
Delaware  and  Wabash  contnlncd  within  tlip  (oIlowinK  bouiiiJam'n,  to  wii :  Bejjln 
□in|ron  tlie  townablpliiLed1viilingTownifb!p»l()  anil  fl  nortli.  wh^rv  ihi*  line  illvid- 
inK  ItunjJ^n  2  and  8  cnsl  rross  tbc  sami- :  Ihtncc  wc^t  (o  tin:  cinttrr  of  Hnriye  i  west, 
of  tbi-  Si:(^i)ud  Principal  Mr^^iltian  :  Uirncc  north  uiuu  tnikn  ;  tiicncv  west  ifirctr  milos 
10  tbc  line  dividing  Rintfc*  'J  mul  H  vrtml  ;  tbE.-iiev  north  I'levt^u  mil<-«  lo  th<-  coracrt 
oCSecliou*  19  and '91);  tOL'ncc  omit  with  snid  line  tv,-<-nty  fnur  Toiies  to  the  lini'  divid- 
ing Ran^ua  3  and  it  east :  th^iici-  noiitli  to  tlie  plm-e  of  bi'gitinhijj.  abnll  euiintiruii!  and 
form  anewcouniy.  lobe  drMgniilvd  tiiid  knowu  by  ilm  niiriii'  nuclitiyleot  the  count; 
of  Morgan. 

Srt-  -'  Thai  JutnL-n  Borlniid.  of  Monroe  County  ;  TIioiuum  B«tiEcly,  of  Lawrence 
CounlT  ;  I'hilLip  iUrl,  of  Ow^n  County  ;  John  Mnrtin.  of  WaahiDgtoii  Ouniy,  and 
James  Milroy,  of  \Vnftbln;rl(iii  Couiilj,  h«  and  lliey  arc  bort>by  appointed  tTa'mmU- 
alonen  for  llir  [jurjiose  ot  flxlng  the  permiinent  sent  of  Jusllee  for  tbe  said  new 
countjF  aipTfaMy  in  tbe  provisions  of  an  itcl  entitled  "'An  act  fixing  tbe  seal  of 
Juatloc  of  new  cinintip*  licrcuflcr  to  be  t.ild  off."  Tho  CouUDisslDaers  above  named, 
or  a  maioritv  of  tbi-ni.  shail  couvcno  at  tho  hou*c  of  John  Gray,  in  aaid  mw  coualy, 
on  the  nrst  duj  of  Murcli  uext,  and  Ihnn  proceed  to  discharge  tho  duties  AMigiicd 
I  lie  III  by  \nvp. 

HvLiu  S.  That  Ihe  said  new  cooui;  of  Morgan  Khali  enjoy  tliv  ri^chta.  privileges 
aod  juiiHdi<:iioni  wIiIlIl  to  s«paiHtc  cvtinlics  do  or  may  prnprrly  iH'long. 

dec.  4.  It  nhall  be  tho  duij'  of  tho  Sfacriil  of  Hunrou  Couaty  lo  notih'  tbc  Cois- 
missionvn  abuve  iiatut.-(l,  eiihir  in  por«OD  or  by  nritt^a  doiificatlcn.  of  tlioir  laid 
appoiutincut.  and  ilip  C(>mmi<^ionrni  of  the  countj  of  Morgan  aball  allow  tliem  any 
sum  of  monvy  that  th^y  miiy  tivt-tn  Juai  and  niuUatile,  who  are  hereby  authorlxed 
to  allow  tbe  samt  out  of  any  nioueyn  In  ihe  count;  tnea^iury  In  the  name  niatiDVi- 
other  daiiDB  are  paid. 

niSTOKy  OF  MOBQAff  covmt. 


$.  Tbc  Circuit  And  oilier  courts  of  tb»  00UUI5  of  Morsnn  bIi&II  b«  ho1d<!n  at 
»  of  J&mt>  Cutlvr.  or  nt  anjr  other  plnc^  tbo  court  may  adjourn  to  in  a&id 

■Tf.  UDlil  «uilBt>lo  accommodution  caa  be  bad  gt  ttie  county  seal :  and  so  bood  &b 
Ite  courts  i>f  Mid  couniy  arv  aalialled  tbat  auilable  acconUDodalionA  cnii  be  hail  ai 
A*  ae«t  of  jiistlcr.  thvy  sliitll  ruljoiirn  tlioir  couris  lo  Buch  place  in  uild  coiinly  as 
•hall  1w  fixed  on  br  »aid  CoDkiniHaiQacn  for  llif  eeut  of  juallm  of  said  county,  cetub- 
ttfecid  ft*  ilirrrtMl  by  Ibio  iVcl. 

SW!.  4l  The  a^uiil.  who  tihall  IH>  npjwiQlMi  to  miiti-rinlpnd  tlio  mU;  of  lotu  iil  tbe 
ootmiy  Mat  of  tlie  Vftld  county  of  Moi^tan,  Mtiall  rvairvn  ttiu  pvi  cviitum  uiil  of  tbe 
pTOL-mla  ll]rr<>of.  and  aliiunf  nil  il'in:ilj(ins  to  tlie  »aiil  Niiinty.  anil  pay  tbt^  HHuirovrr 
l«Mch  pmoa  or  pccKiicLi  im  mny  Ix'  n|<pointcd  by  Inw  iv  mx-ivi.'  the  »mi:  f'lr  tb« 
BNof  *Ubrar]'  f^^  o^d  i»>uiitv,  wbidt  be  fbnll  pav  uvvr  at  audi  liinv  or  titoca  tw 
maj  be  directed  by  lair. 

Thla  act  lo  tAxe  ellcci  and  bi>  In  furce  from  and  after  in  taaange. 

A|tproT«l  D«««iQburS].  1831. 

BAMtrKI.  MiLttOT. 

Sptahtf  «f  the  HaU4t  af  It«preMnlattK4. 
JorfATnAK  JBintiiim,  IIailifv  Book, 

OOMriur.  pTMideut  c/  tht  SenaU. 


On  th«  Ist  or  JaDUorj,  1822,  James  Bigger  was  commissionei  Sheriff* 
of  tha  new  county  by  the  Governor,  and  empowcrod  to  cnll  nn  oleclion 
for  four  Jastices  of  tne  Peace,  one  Clerk  and  Recorder,  ttnd  two  Associate' 
Judges;  butngbc  failed,  in  aome  manner,  to  do  a«tlirevtcil,  bis  comniiB- 
aioa  waa  droppcil  or  revolcil,  and  Benjn.min  Cutler  was  cominiHisioncd  on 
ike  16th  of  Januarj,  1822,  to  take  bis  place  and  call  tbe  necessary  eloc- 
tioo.  This  election  was  held  earlj  in  1822,  with  the  following  result: 
}iHtie«fl  of  tbe  Peac&^I^iarkin  Reynolds,  Samuel  Reed,  Jumoa  Burris  and 
Uirara  Mathowa,  all  four  of  whom  received  eommissionB  from  the  Gov- 
ernor, dated  May  22.  1822 ;  Clerk  and  Recorder— Goorj^e  H.  Heeler  ; 
AjBodate  Jodgeo — Jacob  Cutler  and  John  Gray,  who  were  commissioned 
Uarch  iA,  1622. 


Prior  to  the  year  1831,  the  County  Board  (now  tbe  three  Countv  Com- 
niwionen)  compriBcrlall  the  Juatieesof  the  Peace  in  the  county.  Iho  first 
CooDty  Board  was  the  Justices  elected  as  stated  above.  Tbcy  metst  the 
boaie  of  Jacob  Culler,  early  in  June,  IS'22,  for  the  transaction  of  busi- 
aeaa.  One  of  tbe  first  acts  was  to  divide  the  county  into  townships,  and 
ordfT  an  election  held  in  each  for  the  necessary  officers.  The  number  of 
lownihips  erected  at  ibis  lime  was  four — WusbJngton.  Monroe,  Ray  and 
Hftrrison.  Jamcti  Shiebls  wna  appointed  Treasurer  of  the  county,  and 
Cbarlce  Bedor,  Surrcyor.  The  report  of  the  Oommiasinnent  uppuintcd 
by  iho  Legiilntore  to  locale  the  county  seat,  waa  presented  lo  the  board 
ftt  tbrir  Brat  session,  and  formally  accepted,  and  the  Commissioners  were 
paid  and  discharged.  Nothing  Airtber  cnn  be  slated  regarding  tbe  early 
wts  of  ibe  County  Bout),  owing  to  the  destruction  of  the  reoordfl  by  fire 
I  few  years  ago.     This  loea  waa  a  great  misfortune  Ici  the  county. 


Tbe  6rBt  KasicQ  of  the  Morgan  County  Circuit  Court  was  begun  at 
the  home  of  Jacob  Cutler,  on  the  25tb  of  March,  1822.  with  Judge  Will- 
iam W.  Wick  ia  the  chair,     Ue  preB«nt«d  Wa  commisaion  from   G«v. 


J«nn)ngB  constituting  him  Presiilent  Jiidgo  of  the  Fifth  Judicial  Circuit, 
for  the  period  of  soireo  ve&ra  from  January,  1822.  Oa  thin  oomuiiBeioQ 
was  thu  following  indorsement : 

State  op  Isdiasa,  Third  Jcimcul  CisctiiT. 

Be  It  rcmemhori?!).  (hat  oh  the  \2lh  day  at  rebmarj.  A-  D.  1823,  penMinally 
appeared  hcForc  ihl'.  Miles  C.  Esclcslon,  Prciidi^Dl  Jadi^  of  tbe  circull  nfort^satd. 
the  wiiliin  nnmcd  W'ilHuni  W.  \\  ick,  who  htln-j  duly  sworn  according  lo  law,  look 
the  foUowlag  oaths,  lo  wii  ;  That  he  will  su|jpon  tuc  Consllmtioa  of  llw  United 
Slftt^d.  and  o(  tlio  Slate  of  In.linna;  \n<\  thnl  Jii-  will,  to  the  hest  of  Lin  abitiiy  and 
Jndginonl,  disphHrgt-thc'lmica  of  liwnjllcr  a*  Prtiiidcnt  Judge  of  Ihu  Fifth  Judki&l 
Circuit  of  tfai?  Slatv  aforesnid  fHithfiilly:  and  that  he  ha«  nol  Mace  the  1st  day  of 
Janunrj.  1810.  dihcr  direcily  or  indirrttty.  ktiowiiijely  given,  ncccpicd  or  carried  a 
chall«iiii:ii  loany  pcreoii  in  or  out  of  I  he  Mtid  State,  to  fljiht  in  ninslu  combat  with 
any  dvadly  wcapotii  anJ  that  be  will  not  Itnowin^iv  sire,  actx-pt  oi  carry  a  chal- 
lenge tn  any  pemon  or  noT«on«  (o  fljilil  with  uny  dnadlv  wnnpon  lo  single  combat, 
cillier  in  or  out  ot  ibe  State,  during  hi*  conUiiuaiii^'  [» ItU  «nul  ofllce. 

John  Grsynnd  Jncob  Cutler  producoil  their  commissions  as  Associate 
JadgcH,  and  Goorgc  H.  Boclcr  and  Buajatnin  Cutler  produced  theirs  aa 
Clerk  and  Sheriff  respectively.  Court  was  then  declared  open.  Tbe 
first  business  transacted  was  the  adoption  of  a  seal  for  the  court,  an  im- 
pression of  vrhioh  vfM  made  on  the  re^jord  of  the  court.  The  next  act 
was  to  admit  Hiram  M.  Curry,  Craven  P.  Hester  and  Calvin  Fletcher  to 
praoiice  lu  attorneys  at  the  court.  The  latter  was  appointed  ProBdCUting 
Attorney.  Larkin  Rcynolda  and  Jonathan  Williams  wore  appointed 
County  ComtniitHioners  to  6U  vacanciea  that  had  been  made.  Both  the 
Clerk  and  the  SherilT  then  gave  their  offioia!  bonds,  with  satisfactory 
security,  which  were  approved  by  the  court.  The  first  suit  was  a  case  in 
chancery,  Jacob  Cutler  vs,  J.  M.  Cox.  The  defendant  not  being  a  resi- 
dent of  the  Statu,  the  notice  of  the  pendency  of  tbe  iuit  was  ordered 
published  tour  weeka  in  the  Indianapolis  Gcuetiet  notifying  him  that  un- 
teiu  he  appeared  at  the  next  term  of  ibe  court  to  answer,  the  complainant's 
bill  would  be  taken  aa  confessed,  uad  acte<i  upon  aooordio^ly-  The  court 
then  at^oomed. 


This  session  was  begun  at  the  house  of  Jacob  Cutler  on  the  28d  of 
September,  1822,  present,  John  Gr.iy  nnd  Jacob  Cutler,  Associate  Judges. 
It  having  bL>i!Q  made  oiauifesl  tbata  place  for  holding  court  had  been  pre- 
pared at  Martiosville,  the  now  county  sent,  the  Judges,  in  nccordanco 
with  the  enactment  for  the  formation  and  organisiition  of  Morgan  County, 
beforo  proceeding  to  business,  ordered  an  adjournment  of  the  court  to  the 
house  of  George  H.  Beelcr.  in  (he  town  of  Martinsrille.  Tbe  court  re< 
assembled  at  1  o'clock,  P.  M.  Daniel  B.  Wiek  and  James  Whitoomb 
were  admitted  to  praclioo  law  at  the  court.  The  Sheriff  returned  the 
following  list  of  Grand  Jurors:  Jesse  Siark,  Conrad  Burns,  Benjamin 
HoiTmaTi,  Jesse  Mnlhollen,  Humphry  Harris,  Wibon  Taylor.  Thomas 
Lee,  Joshua  Taylor,  John  Caldwell,  Solomon  Tucker,  Jameft  Donnard, 
George  CruLchGeld.  Eli  Hadtey,  Jainea  Shields,  Witlia.m  Hadley.  Samuel 
Scott,  Sr,  Thomaft  Kced  and  Isaiah  Dressier.  Stark,  MulhoUon,  Wilson 
Taylor,  Caldwell,  Uonnard  and  CrutchSeld  wore  not  present.  Samuel 
Scatt,  Jr.,  and  Richard  Day  were  added  lo  those  present,  and  the  Grand 
Jury  thus  constituted  were  sworn  and  directed  to  retire  under  the  charge 
of  Abraham   Kecdy,  Bailiff.     Tho  first  case  at  this  scuion  was  William 



Coolay  M.  jMse  Smith,  tregpau  vi  «t  armit.  The  plaintiff  wu  giveo 
tiai»  to  UDtnd  hii)  depuration.  Th«  noxt  cam  was  th«  State  of  Inaianft 
t$.  Edw&nl  ApplegBt«,  rvcognizance  to  keep  the  peace.  The  defendant'B 
tnom«vs  moved  to  qiiwh  tho  iprfictmont,  but  aft^r  a  spirited  diecusaioo 
tbe  motion  was  overralod.  and  Mr.  Apptegate  wan  ordered  to  enter  into 
bvodi  at  ^lOii  to  k«ep  the  peace  toward  Oide^m  WelU.  Tho  next  cose 
«M  of  ifae  Bsme  nature,  but  Williatn  Puroroj  was  discharged  rrom  enter- 
iag  into  bonds  to  keep  the  pcsce  toward  Brice  Witeher,  whose  fetrs  were 
declared  to  be  ffroundless.  Ten  esses  came  before  the  court  at  this  senioo,  of 
Uie  rollowtng  cliaracter,  in  the  order  named  :  Assault  and  battery,  recog- 
nizance to  keep  the  peace,  nomp,  chancery,  Hame.  assault  and  battery,  pe- 
tition for  divorce  (Rachel  Morrtaun  na.  Thomas  Morrison),  covenant 
wd  assault  and  battery.  Each  Grand  Jnror  waa  ordered  paid  To  coots 
par  day,  and  the  bailiff  tbe  same.  Christopher  Ladd  was  granted  a 
uoeoM  to  keep  tavern  at  Port  Royal.  John  Tiffany  prodnced  hiscommis- 
■on  as  Coronor  of  the  county,  and  Thomas  L.  Ualpin,  bis  us  Sheriff. 
Tbe  Grand  Jury  relumed  ihe  following  *'  Trae  Rills  :  "  Against  James 
Stotta.  Sr.,  for  luaauk  and  battery;  ngaintt  John  L.  Johnston  and  Joel 
Stroud  for  affray;  against  Larkin  Johnsoti  atid  Michael  Dittemorc  for 
ifny.  and  against  George  W.  Preston  for  retailing  liquor  without  a 
I     GeaiiM.     The  court  then  adjourned. 


This  was  begun  at  the  court  house  in  MartitisTille,  on  the  Ist  day  of 
April,  inm.  beibre  Judge  Wick,  and  John  Gray  and  Jacob  Cutter,  Aaao- 
oate  Jadtfee.  Cephus  U.  Morris,  Han*ey  Gregg,  John  Adams,  Brecken- 
ridge  Smith.  Bethucl  F.  Morris,  KIkin  Nayler  and  Isaac  Naylor  were  ad- 
■Bitted  to  practice  law  before  the  court.  Thirty  cases  came  before  the 
court  at  this  session,  the  greater  number  being  for  astiault  and  baiterv. 
The  Grand  Jury  returned  eight  "  True  Bills."  The  first  Petit  Jury  were 
•ommoned  at  this  MAslon  to  try  the  ca9e  of  the  State  ti.  G.  W.  Pres- 
ton, for  retailing  liquor  without  a  license.  The.'c  men  were  Abncr  Cox, 
James  Linn,  Isaac  D.  Koffman.  Williuiu  Gregory,  Flunry  Pence.  Joseph 
Aolton.  James  Lladloy,  Thomas  Reed,  Je»se  Hooker,  Larkin  Keynolda, 
Hampbrey  Harris  and  William  Townsend.  The  defendant  was  found 
guilty,  and  damages  were  fixed  at  92  and  costa  of  suits.  The  plaintiff 
moveil  an  arrest  or  slay  of  judgment  on  such  a  verdict,  which  was 
granted,  and  be  was  diaoharged.  John  Stipp  vas  appoint«d  to  6U  a  ra- 
eoDcy  in  tbe  Board  of  CommisaioQcrs.  Joaliua  Taylor  was  granted  a  li- 
oeose  to  keep  uvern.  J.  A.  Breckenridge  was  appointed  Prosecuting 
Attoraey.  vice  Fletcher,  who  was  unwell.  John  Sims  was  granted  a 
UeenM  to  keep  tavern  in  Martinsville. 


The  October  aeHion,  1823,  was  held  at  the  house  of  G.  H.  Deeler. 
Judgst  Wick,  Gray  tod  Cutter  were  present.  Edgar  A.  Wilson  and 
Da&irl  Goodwin  were  admitted  to  the  bar,  and  Christopher  LadJ  was 
liOBMud  to  keep  uvera  at  Port  Koyal.  In  March,  1824,  the  court  con- 
,«t    tbe    court   house.    Gabriel  J.    Johnson    and    Hiram    Brown 


HI8T(tBV   OP  MOftOAN  C0CNT7. 

were  admittM  to  the  bar.  In  1828,  Edgar  A.  Wilmn  was  odmittej, 
also  Daniel  UoodHin ;  Himm  Burria  in  1824;  T.  F.  G.  Adajas, 
Michael  G.  Brizht  and  Philip  Swcotzcr,  1824  ;  Jamea  Bratnan,  Andrew 
0.  Griffith,  W.  W.  Wick  and  Hiram  Brown  and  Henry  Hurat  in  1825 ; 
Henry  P.  Cobnrn,  Jsmea  Foreee,  Benjamin  Bull  and  William  Herrod  in 
1821};  James  Morrison  in  1829;  Tilnian  A.  Howard  in  1831:  G.  F. 
Waterman  and  W.  0.  Rosa,  1832;  Ovid  Butlor.  1835;  John  Hutcheo 
■adUMon  Hulett  in  1837;  Harvej  Browo,  1888;  Henrj^  Seacrest  and 
AlgWBOQ  S.  Briggs,  183d. 


The  first  scaaioQ  of  this  court  waa  begun  at  the  house  of  George  A. 
Preatcn  on  the  iJd  of  May,  1822,  before  Jacob  Cutler  and  John  Gray, 
Asmciate  Judges  of  the  Circuit  Court,  who  proceeded  lo  appoint  Joiiatlian 
Watkins  ae  County  ComnisBioner  to  fill  the  vacancy  occaaionoil  by  the 
rMigDitioD  of  Larkin  Keynolda.  No  other  buainena  was  trannacted  at  this 

At  the  September  ■cssion.  1822,  before  the  Nanie  Judges,  the  first  bug- 
iness  was  the  iwQauce  of  a  citatioD  against  Edward  Applogate.  guardiao 
of  the  infant  heim  of  Isaac  Hollingaworth,  dcceuac-d,  counnanding  hijn  to 
appear  on  a  certain  day  to  exhibit  a  true  inventory  of  all  the  "  goods  aod 
chattels.  landa  and  tenements  "  of  the  deceased.  Nancy  Smith  and  John 
Reed  were  summoned  aa  witneaaea.  This  court  was  held  at  the  house  of 
Jacob  Cutler.  Nothing  eUo  was  done  until  the  80th  of  September,  when 
Mr.  A  pplegate  appeared  and  presented  the  following  inventory  of  the 
goods,  etc.,  of  Hollin^sworth,  deceased  : 

'*  Four  promissory  notes,  aggregating  ^132.75;  four  head  of  horaea, 
eight  head  of  milk  cnws,  two  head  of  steers,  one  heifer,  four  yearlings, 
6ve  calves,  feathers  for  two  beds,  three  coverlids,  five  bed  (luilt.'i,  two 
sheets,  nine  detf  plates,  pewter  pintee.   dishes  and  spoons,  one  earthcm 

Eiteher,  one  tin  coffee  pot,  tea  cups  and  aaucers,  one  ehovol-plow  and  two 
oca,  a  number  of  hoga,  twn  metal  pots,  one  drawer  knife,  one  pigon  and 
chum,  one  small  wheel,  two  weaving  slays,  two  belts,  two  empty  barrels, 
one  riQed  gun,  one  dutch  oven,  two  churs,  one  mane  saddle,  seventy- 
eight  acres  of  land,  one  aiove,  money  on  hand,  #T,  money  collected  from 
Jomca  Stills,  $11.25;  property  sold  to  wit:  li)0  pounds  of  pork.  663 
poaods  of  pork,  one  hog  sold,  two  sows  and  pigs  ;  property  in  Kentucky 
M  followa :  One  milk  cow.  one  wagon  and  gears,  one  bed  and  bedding, 
five  oonnter-panes,  three  pillows,  three  sheets,  one  trunk,  one  pot,  one 
pigon.  one  ax,  one  tin  bucket,  two  pewter  plates,  one  pewter  basin,  one 
chair;  amounta  due  from  two  men,  $5.50." 

This  inventory  is  givon  in  full  that  all  may  know  what  constituted  the 
real  and  porsonul  property  of  the  old  settlers.  Joshua  Taylor  was  ap- 
pointed udministrntor  of  LTollingaworth's  estate,  and  required  to  give  bond 
in  the  sum  of  $1,0U(J  for  the  faithfid  performance  of  his  duty.  Larkio 
Heynolds,  Presaley  liuckner  and  James  Lung  were  appointed  to  appraise 
the  estate.  Mr.  Applegate  was  to  support  the  heirs,  and  have  the  use  of 
ike  estate.  This  session  was  held  at  the  house  of  G.  tl.  Boclor  in  Mar- 

In  March,  1828,  Tbomoa  L.  Galpin  aud  Thomas  Sailors  were  granted 



MfMmvntary  letters  u  executora  of  the  estate  or  Jacob  Cobs,  decMtsed. 
Bii  p«reonil  c«(«t«  vns  ralaed  at  S[>16.12j.  And  so  the  r«eord  goee  on. 
Anoog  the  estates  settled  op  wilbio  the  next  few  years  were  thoae  of 
Joseph  M-  Stotts,  WillistD  linllaH,  loanc  Overman,  'Conrad  BursB,  John 
Paol.  Ira  Ashton,  EiJwari  Warrer,  William  Beeson,  Elijah  Knight.  John 
Winter.  Thomas  Dickens,  Robert  Brsdshsw,  Etr»  Wilcox,  Thorow 
Deakio.  BeDJamln  Packet,  Jacoea  P.  Vacce  and  Jobn  Douglass.  The 
first  Probat*  Coart  hold  at  the  coort  house  was  in  Septetnber.  1825. 
Probate  business  vras  done  bjr  the  Associate  Judges  of  the  Circuit  Court 
«nti)  1S2(t,  at  which  time  the  first  Probate  Judge,  John  Matthews,  took 
charge  of  thf  court  In  WHK  the  affairs  of  probate  were  merged  into 
thow  of  the  Comtoon  Pleas  Court,  and  in  18yS  into  th«  Circuit  Court. 


This  was  held  before  William  G.  Turick,  Judge,  beginning  on  iheSth 
of  April,  I  "^Si .  The  final  Bettlement  of  the  estate  of  John  Sima,  who  had 
ified  in  1843,  nnd  whose  nffaira  had  not  yet  been  wound  up,  wa.<t  the  first 
huiacts  before  this  court,  One  amount  of  pereooal  pn>perty  was  so  great 
that  the  various  inventories  corer  forty  or  dttj  pages  of  the  court  records 
The  Common  Picas,  which  iDclndcd  probate  matters,  was  u  separate  court 
until  1973.  when  it  was  merged  into  the  Circuit  Conn,  and  ttas  thus  re- 
nuined  antil  the  present  {1883}. 

The  first  courts  of  Morgan  County  convened  at  the  log  house  of  Jacob 
Cutler,  which  st^od  abont  one  block  north  of  the  norlhwcet  corner  of  the 
pablic  square  in  Mariinavitle.  In  1828,  the  work  of  erecting  the  first 
ODort  boose  was  began,  and  in  the  aatumn  of  1824,  the  building  was  m 
nearly  completed  that  courts  convened  there  for  the  first  time,  tta  ithown 
by  tlie  old  court  records.  The  building  vaa  a  two-storied  bewed-log 
boaae,  and  was  located  on  the  southwest  comer  of  the  present  public 
square.  The  upper  story  wna  low,  but  little  better  than  half  a  story,  and 
coataioed  the  jury  rooms.  The  lower  story  was  the  court  room.  This 
rooa  was  also  the  first  meetinghonse,  schoolhouse.  lecture  room,  etc.,  of 
Uartinsville.  The  building  wsm  about  25x35  feet  on  the  ground,  and 
waa  compaetly  built.  This  budding  was  used  until  1833,  when  the  con- 
tract of  ronstrncting  a  brick  court  house  on  the  squaro  was  let  to  Giles  B. 
Mitchell  for  about  §2,500.  Mr.  Mitchell  was  a  practical  brick-tnalcer  and 
brick-Uyer,  and  completed  the  work  in  1834;  but  the  woodwork  was  not 
finished  uuiil  about  two  years  later.  The  County  Board  was  compelled 
Ic  iasDe  "orders"  for  the  greater  portion  of  the  contract  price.  These 
oHets  depreciated  considenibly  in  vidue,  ihuugb  they  were  current  funds 
for  all  or<Jtnarj  expanses  in  the  county.  The  building  was  two-storied, 
and  was  about  8i)x40  feet  on  the  ground.  It  did  not  contain  the  county 
offices.  Theeo  were  in  business  or  private  buildings  until  about  1843, 
when  small  offices  were  erected  on  the  square.  About  18&5.  this  build* 
iaj|  wu  BO  dilapidated  and  unsightly  that  a  new  court  bouse  bcgao  to  be 
aSktd  of.  The  Qazette  of  March,  lft.'>ti.  having  in  view  the  incorpora- 
tion of  Martinsriile.  tboo  stroni^ly  talked  of.  as  well  as  the  erection  of  a 
tMW  ooort  hooHr  remarked  as  follows:     "The  old   court  house,  with  ita 



cniinbling  foundation,  cracked  walla,  diseased  vindows,  shattered  vnnei 
drooping  spire  und  mosa-covered  copola,  looking,  as  Jud;;c  Hughea  re- 
marked from  tile  bcucli  at  llie  iaat  Circuit  Court,  '  like  »oaic  boiubtrdcd 
bloek-house,'  overlooks  one  vast  sea  of  conglomerated  water,  mud  and 
filth."  The  neceaeary  presauro  wae  brought  to  bear  on  the  County  Board, 
and  in  March,  1857,  orders  were  issued  for  advertising  for  bids  to  erect 
cither  a  combined  courthouse  and  jail,  or  each  to  be  built  aepnratcly.  the 
total  coet  not  to  exceed  9^0,000.  The  eontrsct  was  finally  awarded  to 
Perry  M.  Blankcnehip  at  about  that  price,  the  jail  and  court  houno  to  be 
built  together.  County  boridn  were  ordered  «old  lo  meet  the  expense. 
The  building  watt  completed  in  1H59,  at  a  cost  of  about  S^'^-'^'^t)-  This 
is  the  present  court  house  and  Jail.  The  court  roooi  is  above,  and  offices 
below;  the  jail  is  in  the  northvcflt  corner  of  the  lower  story,  and  the 
belfry  is  on  the  southeast  corner.  The  hall  extends  through  the  building 
from-north  to  south.  The  contractor  evidently  did  his  work  well,  as  the 
structure  is  now  almost  or  quite  as  good  bh  new.  On  the  8Ist  of  March, 
1^76,  the  records  of  the  county  in  the  offices  of  the  Clerk  and  Auditor 
were  largely  consumed  by  lire,  supposed  to  have  been  done  by  some  ras* 
cally  oflGcial,  to  conceal  the  evidenced  of  his  defalcations  or  other  crimes. 
This  was  a  great  calamity,  and  coat  the  coutity  many  thousands  of  dollars 
to  copy  what  remained  of  the  half-consumed  records.  Had  the  old  rec- 
ords not  been  destroyed,  this  chapter  might  contain  many  items  of  inter* 
eat  which  it  now  waote. 


The  first  jail  was  a  small  log  structure,  which  was  erected  on  the 
northeast  corner  of  the  square  in  1824.  It  was  built  of  heavy  timber, 
and  answered  the  purposes  of  the  county  until  1826.  when  it  was  de- 
stroyed by  fire.  Within  three  or  fonr  years,  a  brick  jail  was  built  about 
where  the  jailer's  house  now  is  on  the  square  by  Mr.  Sailors.  The  out- 
side  of  the  structure  was  of  brick,  the  inside  of  heavy  logs,  and  between 
the  two  walls  were  about  eight  inches  of  broken  stone.  This  waa  uMcd 
about  ten  years,  when  a  much  stronger  log  jail  waa  built  in  the  northeast- 
ern part  of  town.  This  was  used  until  the  erection  of  the  present  com- 
bined jail  and  court  house  in  18.'>7-/)9. 


Ad  early  law  of  the  State  provided  that  certain  lines  and  penalties 
should  be  used  ns  a  fund  to  found  and  maintnin  a  seminary  of  learning  in 
each  county.  A  Trustee  waa  appointed  in  Morgan  County  to  care  for 
the  fund  an  it  should  accumulate,  John  Mathia  being  the  Grst.  The  law 
provided  that  when  the  fund  amouoled  to  $-100,  the  County  Board  at 
their  option  could  build  a  seminary.  Tn  the  spring  of  1824,  the  fund 
amotinted  to  over  $!^0.  It  ran  up  rapidlv  in  the  SO's,  the  receipts  for 
the  fiscal  year  1885  being  «114.23  ;  for  1836.  836!> :  and  for  1887,  879. 
In  the  year  1838,  the  fund  amounted  to  over  $2,000,  and  obout  that  time 
the  wont  of  erecting  a  two-storied  brick  seminary  was  begun.  The  house 
was  a  fine  etructure  for  that  day,  und  cost  in  the  whole  about  $-,001). 
The  first  teacher  was  David  Anderson,  who  taught  alone.  The  second 
teachers  were  Elijah  end  Hannah  Parka.     WtUiara  H.  H.  Terrell  la  said 



10  iuve  besD  hn  culy  teacher.  H«  aftenrard  liecame  Adjutant  General 
of  tlie  Slate.  Rer.  Thomas  Conl«;  wiu  &iiuttier,  u  voa  a  man  named 
Btgham.  Excellent  nchools  were  held  thore,  >fuite  a  number  of  students 
coming  in  frotn  abroad,  paving  tuition,  and  bonnling  with  residenUi  of  tho 
town.  Aher  a  few  rears,  the  ioBtitution  largely  lost  its  character  as  a 
eonnty  Mcninary,  aoil  became  virtually  the  school  of  Martinsville.  Stu- 
dent* froim  distant  portions  of  the  county  ceased  to  attend,  and  the  insti- 
ttition  lost  the  influence  designed  by  the  fuundera.  While  the  schools 
thenia  were  at  their  be6C,  the  varioUR  oxp«[uee  were  paid  from  the  tuition 
Auged Htudents  and  from  constant  nccumulations  of  the  fund.  The  re- 
eripts  to  the  fund  in  1849  were  $410. 9S.  After  the  passage  of  t^e  com- 
man  school  law  in  185:f,  provision  was  made  by  tho  Legislature  that 
eoontj  setninanes  shoold  be  sold,  and  the  proceeds  and  saosequent  col- 
lactioos  of  the  fund  should  be  paid  into  the  common  school  fund.  The 
setmnary  wu£  accordingly  a'.lrertised  for  sale,  and  tinally,  in  1854,  trans- 
ferred to  Andrew  Pinloy  for  $1,100.  It  passed  through  several  hands, 
and  in  1B56  vent  to  Mr.  Spark»,  who  tnneformcd  it  into  a  woolen  fac- 
tory. Mr.  Deturk  occupied  it  for  the  same  purpotte  during  the  rebellion, 
h  was  torn  down  about  l&ti. 


An  early  law  provided  that  ten  per  ventutn  of  the  proceeds  of  lite  sale 
of  cocnty  lots  should  be  used  to  found  and  tnaintain  a  eounty  library. 
The  first  books  were  purchased  in  the  30's,  and  a  Treasurer  and  Libra- 
rian appointed.  Subsequent  collections  of  the  fund  as  fast  as  obtained 
were  inreated  in  more  books.  About  500  volumes  were  finally  secured. 
The  pri^ect  was  £r«daally  abandoned.  Township  libraries  were  furnished 
by  the  State  in  the  50's.  An  aggregate  of  more  than  2.001}  volumes  w&a 
secured.  The  McClure  be^neet  also  furnished  the  county  with  a  library. 
Many  of  these  books  may  yet  be  seen  scattered  throughout  the  county. 

[       All  tbeee  libraries  have  been  replaced  with  tho  newspaper — the  moat  po- 

^leet  *'  book  "  iQ  ancient  or  modern  times. 


The  eariy  caro  of  the  poor  was  more  or  loss  defective,  hut  began  soon 
T  the  county  was  organized.  It  was  customary  to  "  farm  out  the  pau- 
rs  "  to  the  lowest  bidders  in  the  various  townships,  and  this  method  often 
resulted  in  placing  the  helpless  or  unfortunate  in  the  hands  of  animals  by 
nature  and  bypoeritcs  by  practice.  Sometimes  they  full  into  Christian 
hanils,  Bomeiimes  into  barbarous  hanilM.  The  plan  of  '■  fanning  them 
oat  "  coDtioaed  without  iotorruptioa  until  the  first  pour-farm  was  pur- 
chasol  on  the  22d  of  Jklarch,  1H44.  The  farm  was  bought  of  £uovb 
Orabam  for  $1,200,  and  comprised  120  acres  on  Sections  25,  26  and  36, 
Township  12  nortli.  Range  1  east.  On  this  farm  was  an  ordinary  dwell- 
ing, which  was  afterward  improved  and  enlarged,  as  were  the  stables  and 
fliorehouses-  New  buildings  were  also  erected.  A  Super! oiondent  was 
placed  in  charge  of  the  farm,  and  numbers  of  the  county  poor  wer«  re- 
moved there.  Many  continued  to  be  ta.ken  care  of  in  the  townships,  and 
.this  is  true  of  the  proeent  time.     A  doctor  was  employed  by  the  year  or 


^1rWt  to  prescribe  for  the  poor:  he  was  culled  the  "  County  Plijaicinn." 
learly  all  tlie  regular  medical  practitioners  of  the  county  have  officiated 
in  that  capnctty.  This  farm  coDtinucil  to  be  the  home  of  the  paupers 
until  1869,  «nen,  owing  to  it3  jtmiLlInesa,  the  County  Boanl  onlcrcd  it 
sold  and  a  new  one  purchased.  Wtlltam  B.  Taylur  was  uppolntcd  to  carry 
this  order  into  effect.  The  oM  farm  was  sold  to  Michnel  llainmons  in 
July,  1869.  for  §2.700.  The  new  farm  was  purchaacJ  of  W.  B.  Taylor, 
N.  T.  Cunningham  and  Jacob  Adams,  and  compriRed  about  120  acres, 
which  oo3t  about  $12,0UO.  Tlie  new  briclc  poor-house  was  completed  in 
1871,  and  coat  over  3**1.C0**-  'ho  briclc  and  Btone  work  being  done  by 
J.  B.  and  P.  F.  Douglas.  This  building  it  u  credit  to  the  county.  The 
annual  poor  expense  of  the  county  ia  now  about  $12.UD0.  Among  the 
later  Poor  Superintendenta  have  been  (j.  W.  Preston,  li^67  (the  poor- 
house  had  twenty  inmates  then);  Sampson  C.  VojlcB,  1868  (thirtv-one 
inmates) :  Charles  Day,  1870-75;  William  H.  Dryden.  187G-7&:  J. 
W.  Duncan.  1879;  Sylvester  Jackson,  1880;  George  W.  Walker, 
18i51-83.  For  a  number  of  years  past,  the  orphan  poor  of  the  county 
have  been  sent  to  Pliiinfield  to  be  cared  for  and  educated.  The  care  of 
the  county  for  ite  iniligent  nnd  helpless  ia  a  credit  to  the  humanity  of  the 
citizens.  Rwt  few  counties  of  the  Slate  show  greater  interest  and  care  in 
this  respect. 


On  the  20th  of  November,  1837,  pursuant  to  a  notice  from  the  Coun- 
ty Commisaionere,  a  number  of  the  citizens  of  Washington  Township  met 
at  the  court  house  to  organise  an  agricultural  society,  in  accordaivce  with 
the  provisions  of  a  legislative  enaciraent  of  the  previous  winter.  W.  H. 
Craig  was  uinde  Chairman  of  the  meeliug.  and  H.  R.  Stevens,  Secretary. 
John  Bokles  addressed  the  assemblage  and  stat«d  the  object  of  the  meet- 
ing. Much  enthusiasm  wa.^  manirest«d.  and  the  following  persons  became 
stockholders  by  subscribinj;  their  names  to  the  constitution  and  by-laws, 
and  paying  to  the  Treasurer  31  ^ftch  :  J.  W.  Bowser.  Benjamin  Sweet, 
John  Eckloa,  P.  M.  BUnkcnship,  Jnm^s  H.  Sheppnrd,  P.  M.  Parke,  S. 
E.  Edwards,  Benjamin  Bull.  Thomas  F,  UufF.  Tliouiiw  Edwards,  W.  F. 
Laughlin,  Francis  A.  Harryiiian.  WilHaiu  Sheerer,  K.  A.  Matheny,  W, 
N.  Cunningham,  Thomas  Miles,  ilajncs  Cunningham.  Jonathnn  Carr,  Eb 
Henderson,  Franklin  Corwin,  John  Sima,  W.  H.  Craig,  Philip  Ander- 
son, William  Lcc,  Charles  B.  Butler.  Septimus  T.  WnitemAn,  Hewett 
Nutter,  William  Walters,  WilliaTn  Duncan  and  Hannibal  R.  Stevens. 
The  permanent  officers  were  John  Sims,  Prcsiilont :  William  Sheerer, 
Vice  President;  H.  R.  Stevena.  Cor.  Sec:  T.  F.  Huff,  Reo.  See.;  Ben- 
jamin Sweet.  Treasurer  ;  John  Eclcles.  William  A.  Major,  Thomas  Miles, 
John  Buttcrfield,  Sampson  Cnnatry,  G.  W.  Baker,  John  Hardrick,  M. 
D.  Miller,  Ephraim  Ooaa,  William  Hadley.  Luke  Kennedy,  J.  H.  Wood- 
small,  Cyrus  Whetzell,  Abncr  Cox  and  Grant  Stafford,  Curators.  No 
lair  was  held,  as  the  organization  soon  died. 


The  second  organisation  of  this  character  wm  effected  in  August, 
1861,  by  the  election  of  the  following  first  ofScers:  William  U.  Craig, 

ident ;  WiDiniP  Q.  Quick ,  Vice  Fixfident ;  Janes  Jackson,  Trcaa- 
;  Lsrkin  R«jriiold«,  St^cretary.  One  Director  tu  appointed  in  each 
t«woehip.  The  first  fair  va$  held  od  the  open  j^roand  Dorlfaeast  of  Mar- 
anBTilIe  (now  in  town),  on  the  2fnh  of  October,  1851.  The  following 
premiume  were  paid  :  B«sl  horse,  William  Cunningham,  ^d;  second  beat, 
Williain  Knox,  diploma;  best  Jack,  William  Cnnninglinni.  $2;  second 
beati  William  Knox,  diploma;  best  3' car  old  coU,  Ira  Hadloy,  ^2; 
woood  beet,  William  llugliai,  diploma  ;  best  sucking  colt,  William  Knox, 
91.50 ;  aeoood  beet,  Uenry  Sims,  diploma ;  beat  brood  mare,  John  A. 
Riffgins,  %i ;  second  beat,  Allen  Ilicklen.  diploma ;  best  buti,  Elijah  Pad- 
doclt.  9^;  second  boat.  Grant  StafTord.  diploma;  host  cow,  Elijah  Pad- 
dock, 92;  beet  calf,  Elijah  Paddock.  91 :  second  beat  calf,  Elijah  Pad- 
dock, diploma ;  best  juke  uf  oxen,  James  C.  Hendemou,  9-  '■  second  beet, 
James  C.  Henderson,  diploma;  beet  boar,  Jameji  Cunningham.  92;  sec- 
ond best,  VV.  tl.  Craig,  diploma  ;  beRt  bushel  of  wheat,  Joel  Mathewa, 
81;  second  beet,  Isaac  (j.  Fletcher,  diploma ;  best  sixlv  care  of  corn, 
George  W.  Eriiert,  50  cenu ;  second  best,  Robert  B.  Major,  diploma; 
best  saddle  and  bridle,  ThDmu  Nutter,  81  ;  bent  lire  jarda  of  jeans.  James 
Stock  well,  81 ;  best  eicbl  yards  of  fifiniiel.  Isauv  G.  Fletcher,  $1 ;  bent  peek 
of  onioD»,  Isaac  (_>.  Fletcher,  oO  cents;  hent  bushel  of  Iriah  potatoee, 
Abaalom  Jarret.  50  cents ;  hc9t  ten  pounds  of  cheese,  Amos  Lftwrenoe, 
50  cents ;  best  boLttr,  James  Stockwell,  oO  cents.  The  Treaaurer's  re- 
port on  the  27tfa  of  November,  1851.  was  as  follows; 


RaoeiTed  hj  §ubscriptian 174  00 

Baoclredfroin  couoljr  treasury 50  00 

Total tva  W 


Paid  for  Secretuy't  boolui $  I  00 

Ptld  on  accouDlof  premiums 89  70 

II  Toul t87  a 
Balance  in  the  treaaurjr $Si  7Q 
The  membership  of  the  society  about  this  time  was  seventy-fire,  con- 
•iderabla  ioterest  being  manifested'  It  is  stated  that  about  the  time  this 
■ocietT  was  organized  another  started  up  in  the  vicinity  of  Monrovia. 
The  facts  cannot  be  given.  It  is  certain  that  four  or  6v«  years  later  there 
were  two  separate  agricultural  societleii  in  the  county,  as  an  account  of 
their  consolidation  appeared  in  the  (?4i»(/e,  published  at  Martin tivitle. 
The  second  fair  was  held  at  Martinsville  in  the  southwest  portion  of  the 
town.  A  small  yard  had  been  fenced  in,  to  compel  tho  curious  and  othtrs 
to  pay  each  a  fee  of  10  cents  ta  see  the  i;xhibita.  It  is  stated  by  Mr. 
Ray  that  several  eititens  presumed  that  they  coaM  pass  in  without  pay* 
ing.  and  when  they  were  refused  admission  unless  the  necessary  10  cents 
was  forthooming.  ihoy  went  off  in  high  dudgeon.  The  premiums  paid 
amounted  to  $128.90.  James  Prathcr  exhibited  u  small  but  fine  selection 
of  fruit.  A.  B.  Couduitt  delivered  an  address  'jf  about  an  hour  in  length, 
which  waa  published  in  full  in  the  "  State  AgTiuultural  Reports."  On 
the  second  and  last  day  of  the  fair,  the  rain  fell  so  incessuntly  tliat  not  a 
Udy  appeared  on  the  grounds.     An  excellent  showing  of  live  stock,  grain 



and  regetablMwu  made.  It  U  believei]  that  the  thini  or  fourth  f&ir  vu 
helil  At  Centorton,  though  this  Ja  unoertain.  Iq  1865,  it  was  hcltl  &t  M&r- 
tinsvitle,  the  prvtniuius  p&id  amountinji  to  ^185.  Each  seaiion  the 
CouDtj  UoArd  contribulcil  From  8<'>0  to  9200  toward  pacing  the  expenses 
■nd  fitting  up  the  ground.  The  officers  st  this  time  were  Giles  Hi.  Sliteh* 
oil,  PreaidcDt  i  Aaron  Ro^e,  Vice  President;  Henrj  Sims,  TrciLSurer; 
0.  J.  Gteetner,  Secrelnry ;  W.  H.  Craig,  Uriah  Ballard,  W.  J.  Brag, 
W.  Q.  Oraj,  Jacksoti  Record.  Natbaa  Gilbert,  John  B.  Cox,  Jamen  Eg- 
bert, Cyrus  Wheiztfl,  Aiiioi  Iiawrence.  John  C.  Baker,  Campbell  Goss 
and  Jsmee  Ainkle,  Directors,  ^'o  fair  was  held  id  1856.  owing  to  the 
political  excitement.  In  1857,  a  large,  well-attended  fair  was  held  at 
Centorton.  And  so  they  continued  with  inoreaeing  prosperity  in  every 
branch.  Occaaioually  ii  year  would  pass  with  no  fair,  aa  during  one  nr 
more  years  of  the  rebellion.  Sometimes  the  society  caine  out  in  debt  at 
the  end  of  the  year.  Some  townships  of  the  county  took  no  interest 
whatever  in  iha  eaocess  of  the  organization.  Considerable  jealousy  has 
existml  between  Martinsville  and  vicinity  and  Mooresville  and  vicinity, 
which  has  resaltod  in  the  formation  of  two  distinct  agricultural  organiza- 
tions in  the  county.  The  one  at  Mooreavillc  has  leu  a  prtcariouii  exist- 
ence. One  was  organised  there  in  1870,  with  a  membership  of  lti-\  and 
a  capital  stock  of  $2,  ISO.  FifWen  acre.s  of  land  were  le:i.°ied  for  ten  years, 
of  Samuel  Moon,  on  Section  36,  Township  14,  Range  1  cast.  U  was 
designed  &s  a  union  organization  with  the  southern  part  of  Hendricks 
County.  Some  oxoellpnt  fairs  have  been  held  there,  litter  failures  have 
also  occurred.  The  society  at  Martineville  in  1879  bought  of  Morgan 
County,for  $1,586.75,  twenty  acres  a,nd  forty-nino  hundredths  of  an  acre, 
which  had  Formerly  belonged  to  the  poor  farm,  and  fitted  up  this  ground 
for  fairs,  the  first  being  held  there  in  1880.  The  gronndg compare  favor- 
ably with  those  of  other  counties  of  tho  State  in  buildings,  fencing,  sheds, 
track,  water  and  accommodations.  At  the  fair  of  1882,  about  500  pre- 
miums were  paid,  aggregating  about  $3,000.  Tho  present  officers  are  L, 
Sima,  President;  John  Nutter  and  L.  Guthnilge,  Vice  Preeidentji ;  S. 
M.  Guthridge,  Treasurer;  II.  A.  Smock.  Secretary;  A.  M.  Thornbure, 
Assistant  Sccretarv;  W".  G.  Bain,  Superintendent;  R.  11.  Tartcton,  R. 
S.  Aldrich,  John  Kirkham,  H.  R.  Stcveus,  N.  T.  Cunningham,  Harvey 
Oillaepy,  N.  Henley,  Thomas  H.  Dixon,  Henry  C.  Hodges  and  Merwin 
Rowe,  Directors. 


During  the  summer  of  1865,  there  was  organized  at  Martinsville  the 
"Morgan  County  Medical  and  Surgical  Society."  None  but  physicians 
of  the  Allopathic  school  could  become  members,  and  the  society  was  a 
branch  of  the  State  Medical  Society,  and  subject  to  about  the  same  code 
of  ethics.  Among  the  members  wt'ro  S.  A.  Tilford.  R.  H.  Tarleton,  B. 
D.  Blackstone.  S,  H.  SchofioM.  W.  W.  Hoyt,  A.  W.  Reagan.  G.  B. 
Mitchell,  W.  A.  Todd.  W.  C.  Hendricks.  J.  J.  Johnston,  Dr.  Patterson, 
Dr.  Spencer,  Dr.  Keiper  and  others.  A  Board  of  Censors  waa  appointed, 
and  much  interest  was  manifested  in  the  discussion  of  topics  of  Interest  to 
the  profession.  Tho  society  gradunlly  went  down,  and  within  a  f«T 
years  meetings  were  wholly  abandoned. 



Porauant  to  call,  &  numb«r  of  tbo  phjrsidftns  of  tbo  county  seat  and 
oib»r  points  in  the  couotv.  in«t  at  Ma.rtjnsville  on  the  25lh  of  April, 
187S,  to  organize  a  new  medical  society.  Dr.  Knight,  of  Paragon,  was 
mde  Chairman  and  T>r.  DoiiglaH,  Secretary.  A  oommittec  of  tliree  was 
appointed  to  drall  articles  of  auociattoa,  and  another  committee  of  foar 
WH  appointed  to  prepare  a  conslitmion  and  by-la«a.  Dr.  J.  11.  Knicht 
VM  elected  permanent  President;  F.  M.  Doaclas,  Secretary,  and  E.  V. 
GrcMi,  Treasurer.  The  fotloving  phyaictana  hare  been  members  of  this 
toeiety:  P.  H.  Perce.  F.  M.  Dooglas,  E.  P.  Ritchey.  R.  C.  GriflSib,  J. 
II.  Knijtbt,  W.  D.  Monnett.  W.  S.  Robertson.  P.  McNab.  A.  W.  Rea- 
BUI.  G.  B.  MiKhoU,  E.  V.  Green,  JeM«  Regan.  C.  M.  Lindley.  J.  P. 
Bnckner.  U.  H.  Fsrr,  S.  N.  Rundell.  S.  A.  Tilford,  T.  HoUiday,  R.  D. 
WUlao.  Jamea  £.  Clark,  C.  C  Holman,  W.  K.  Curer,  Cbarlefl  Seaton, 
John  M.  Snoddy.  T.  Stocky.  W.  E.  Hendricks,  W.  P.  Van  Sant.  J.  C. 
M&ricer  and  Grant  Monical.  The  object  of  the  eociecy  m  stated  in  the 
oonsutatiun  is  "  the  advancemenl  of  me<lical  knowledge,  the  elevation  of 
professional  character,  the  protection  of  the  interests  of  its  members,  the 
■xten^on  of  the  bounds  of  medical  science,  and  the  promotion  of  all  tiieas- 
srea  adapted  to  the  relief  of  the  sttffering,  and  to  improve  the  health  and 
protect  the  Urea  of  the  onmmunity."  "  Any  graduate  in  medicine  of  a 
reap««t«ble  medical  school,  who  is  in  good  moral  and  professional  stand- 
ing, Qpon  signing  the  constiialion  and  paying  93  to  iht-  Treasurer."  may 
becon*  a  member  of  the  society  by  a  rote  of  thu  merabcm.  Further  than 
tliat,  any  person  upon  the  payment  of  9^  to  the  Treasurer,  and  the  pres- 
entation of  a  esrtiheaie  of  qualiScation  to  practice  medicine,  Irom  the 
Baud  of  Censors  of  the  society,  way  become  a  member  by  Tote  of  the 
Bsabers.  The  code  of  ethics  of  the  American  Medical  Society  was 
adopced.  The  reconls  of  tbo  society  show  great  intereet  on  the  part  of 
the  members.  Essays  on  importunt  medical  subjects  are  read,  and  pro- 
tracted duunusious  are  had  on  the  location,  character  and  treatment  of 
disease.  The  society  is  a  credit  to  the  medical  profession  of  the  coantj, 
though  many  of  the  most  successful  practitioners  are  not  members. 

Dr.  Kennedy,  of  the  county  Feat,  an  eclectic  pbysit;ian  of  snni 
proatineoce  and  skill,  lh  one  of  the  most  succeaAfii!  practitioners  of  Mor- 
nn  County.  He  in  about  the  only  representative  of  that  excellent  school 
m  medicine.  Homeopathy,  which  has  made  such  wonderful  strides  in 
•ueoMS  and  popularity  during  the  last  few  years,  has,  at  present,  no  rep- 



Unfortunately,  owing  to  the  deatniction  by  fire  a  few  years  ago  of 
the  tally  sheets  in  the  Clerk's  office  at  the  county  seat,  the  results  of  the 
early  eleetioru  in  Morgan  County  cannot  be  given.  Old  settlers  state 
that  tbe  county  was  Democratic  by  a  smalt  majority,  when  the  full  rot- 
rng  strength  was  out,  though  on  "ufT  years."  when  the  opposing  candi- 
date was  a  man  of  unusual  prominence  and  worth,  he  often  managed  to 
wtvst  tbe  spoils  of  office  from  his  less  fonunate  antagonist.  The  county 
WM  organized  in  lSi22,  but  politics  cut  no  figure  until  the  remarkable 
Pnaidefltial  contest  between  Jackson,  Adams.  Clay  and  Crawford  in  tbe 
aatomn  of  1S24.  The  administration  of  Mr.  Monroe  had  been  so 
and  conciliatory  that  former  partisan  lines  bad  been  altnoet  wholly 


P.     t 



of  good  feeling"  had 

itlv  been  estab- 

otliterateJ,  and  an  "'  .  ^  o  .  r  . 

HalieiJ.  WbeQ  the  election  of  1824  wm  tranaferred  to  the  House  of  Rei>- 
resell Uitiven,  nnd  it  became  known  lliat  the  popular  voice  had  been  dis- 
regarded by  the  choice  of  John  Quincy  Adams,  partv  lines  went  ngaio 
strictly  drawn,  and  the  fir»t  decided  political  division  in  Morgan  Countj 
WM  experienced.  The  election  of  18^8  made  satififactory  amends  by  seat- 
ing in  the  Presidential  chair,  Andrew  Jackson,  one  of  the  most  popular 
PrQ6ideat4  the  nation  has  bad  einco  Washington.  So  touch  wa«  he  ad- 
mired for  the  peculiar  elements  of  his  cliitnictcr,  that  ho  was  ns  eke  ted  in 
1832.  So  firm  a  hold  did  he  secure  upon  the  popular  heart,  that  citi- 
zens throughout  the  county,  during  all  the  years  from  his  admin istration 
until  the  prceont,  have  proudly  and  publicly  announced  themeelrcs  as 
*' Jackson  Detnocratsi."  The  election  of  1886  resulted  in  the  selection 
of  Martin  Van  Buren,  whose  adminiBtratton  was  compelled  to  shoulder 
in  1837  one  of  the  most  disnstrous  financial  criuhc»  the  country  ha^  ever 
encountered.  Speculation  had  run  riot.  Tlie  wildest  viaions  of  tinnn- 
ciat  enterprise  had  token  possession  of  every  breaat.  Everybody  plunged 
recklessly  into  debt  under  the  insane  delusion  that  final  settlement  would 
be  the  careless  pleasure  of  some  future  day.  Jackson  rocoivod  the  honors 
of  the  speculative  madneM;  Van  Bureii  reaped  the  harvent  of  tares  and 
cheat.  When  values,  without  warning,  fell  prostrate  to  the  basis  of  act- 
ual worth,  the  failures  everywhere  were  appalling  in -numbers  and  mag- 
nitude.    Time  atone  soothed  the  desolate  sea. 

The  contest  of  1840  was  in  many  respects  remarkable.  It  was  the 
first  time  the  *'  Great  West"  had  come  forward  with  a  candidate.  The 
cultured  States  of  the  East  ridiculed  the  pretentions  of  the  friends  of 
Mr.  Harrison  by  scornful  allusions  to  tlie  log  cabins  and  the  hard  cider 
of  Indiana  and  the  Northwest.  The  suggestions  were  caught  up  with  & 
shout  by  the  friends  of  tho  Whig  candidate,  end  in  their  thousands  of 
public  gatberinga  hard  eider  and  log  cabius  and  canoes  were  the  most 
popular  and  prominent  features.  Mr.  Harrison  was  elected,  and  the 
Whigs  were  in  ecstasies. 

The  contest  of  1844  was  really  upon  the  question  of  the  admission 
of  Texas  into  the  Union.  The  Whigs  opposed  the  admission,  to  prevent 
an  increase  of  slave  territory,  and  the  Democrats  favored  it  for  the  oppo- 
site reason.  The  election  of  Mr.  Polk  was  a  triumph  of  the  Democrats, 
and  insured  the  admission  of  Texas.  The  partial  returns  given  beloir 
of  this  election  in  Morgan  County  were  gathered  from  the  half-con- 
samed  records  stored  in  boxes  in  the  hall  of  the  court  house : 

NOVEHBEK.  1814. 







Blrnej  mi) 














Thi*  exhibit  does  noi  properly  represent  the  result  of  the  election  in 
Korgui  Coan^  if  the  stiitemcnts  af  oiti  eettlera  ar«  u>  be  relied  npon. 
The  election  of  Mr.  Polk  open  the  isane  above  Btat«<l  waa  taken  by  Mex- 
in  H  a  HU]»in«nt  of  the  question  that  Texas  wonld  be  &dniitie<l  into  the 
Uidoo.  Mexico  had  threatened  war  with  the  United  States  in  the  event 
of  tbo  annexation  of  Texas,  and  accordingly,  vhon  the  latlcrwa^  rormally 
ilmitted  to  the  sisterhood  of  States  carijr  iii  1^.0,  war  was  dt.'clared.  A 
fUl  company  waa  raised  in  Morgan  Counij  for  this  war,  refi^rence  to 
which  will  be  found  in  the  military  histAry  of  the  county  elaevhore  in 
An  Tolnme.  lo  the  meantime,  a  few  Abolitionists  had  appeared  in  the 
monty,  the  most  of  whom  were  Quakers.  They  inrariably  polled  their 
vote*  for  the  Liberty  or  Free-Soil  candidatee. 

In  1846.  David  Wilmot,  of  Pennaylrnnia,  introduced  in  Congresi  a 
lill  eailefl  the  "  Wilmot  rrortso."  which  stipulated  that  slavery  should 
W  excluded  from  all  territory  thereafter  annexed  to  the  United 
SiBiea.  Thia  bill  encountered  the  fiercest  opposition  from  the  Soathem 
Henbers  of  Congrees.  and  woa  finally  defeated,  though  it  formed  an  im- 
ptrtmnt  iaaae  in  the  Prt-^ideiitial  campaign  of  1848,  and  was  no  doubt 
MM  of  the  OODtnbutin^  caused  for  the  formation  of  the  Republican  party 
I  few  years  later.  The  "  Compromise  of  1850,"  introdooed  in  Congreaa 
by  Henry  Clav,  became  a  law,  and  was  regarded  aa  a  wise  measure  by 
both  parties,  though  the  old  issues  were  quietly  kept  in  mind  during  the 
nmpaign  of  1852.  The  Demoents  seated  ytr.  Pierce,  and  Gen.  Scott, 
the  Whig  candidate,  freah  with  the  taurela  of  victory  from  the  battlo-field, 
was  permaDCQtly  retired. 

In  l8o4.  the  adoption  of  the  Kansas-Nebraska  bill,  introduced  in 
Coogreee  by  Senator  Uouglaa.  virtually  repealed  the  oompromisea  of  1820 
and  IK&O.  and  kindled  a  flsme  of  indignation,  unknown  before  in  the 
history  of  the  nation.  The  bill  provided,  among  other  things,  that  the 
(Uisoas  of  the  new  States,  Kansas  and  Nebraska,  should  decide  at  the 
pells  whether  slavery  shoold  be  adopted  or  rejected.  Open  war  in  Kan- 
sat  was  the  reanlt.  Mass  meetings  were  held  ihroitghout  the  North  to 
dOMOBee  the  bill  and  adopt  personal  liberty  bills-  The  Morgan  County 
Om*ttt*^  edited  by  Edwin  W.  Callis.  in  18fi5  espoused  the  cause  of  the 
BMT  Bspablioui  party,  an>)  did  more  than  any  other  cause  to  transfer  the 
admiBistrBtioii  of  countv  affaini  to  the  new  party.  The  edllorislii  were  a 
ocdit  to  the  heart  and  \>mm  of  Mr.  Callis,  and  to  the  party  whose  pria- 
oplfls  he  so  ably  and  bravely  advocated.  The  Democratic  majority  in 
the  ootinty  had  begun  to  deoreas*  about  1852.  In  1855,  it  was  lees  than 
100.  and  iti  October,  1856,  0.  P.  Morton,  the  Republican  candidate  for 
Governor,  received  a  majority  of  eight  votes  over  A.  P.  WilUrd,  the 
DeoMKratic  candidate.  This,  so  far  aa  known,  was  the  first  lime  the 
Dsnocrscy  had  failed  to  carry  the  county.  Roth  parties  in  the  oounty 
baj;ht  with  nil  their  strength  over  the  November  election,  with  the  fol> 
lovmg  result : 









Mfrdiaoa .  ■ . 



HonrM .... 
AdUBS  ..... 

JeS^OB  ■■ 



Total. . . 


*Dd  Bnck- 












niiDOra  and 








This  was  really  the  fimt  decisive  victory  for  the  Whigs.  But  the  ex- 
citement OTer  ihe  ijuesiions  growing  out  of  slavery  did  iiot  die  out  with 
this  election.  In  li^58,  the  Supreme  Court  of  the  United  States  decided 
ixtthe  Dred  Scott  case  that  elavorv  was  a  nttioniil  inatitutioii,  and  could 
Qot  under  the  coostitution  be  excludi-d  frum  any  State.  This  was  fol- 
lowed by  renewed  excitement.  About  thie  time,  John  Brovn,  an  extreme 
anti-sliive^  partisan,  incited  an  insurrection  r>f  the  slaves  at  Harper's 
Ferry  in  Virginia,  which  resulted  in  the  hanging  of  himself  and  several 
of  hui  followers.  The  South  aoon  saw  that  the  rapid  settlement  of  the 
North  and  the  development  there  of  an  uncompromising  hostility  to  slav- 
ery, would  result  in  the  selection  of  an  anti-slavery  Ilepublican  President 
in  l$t}0.  They  therefore  declared  that  the  election  of  such  a  man  would 
be  regarded  as  a  sufBcient  menace  to  the  institution  of  slavery  to  warrant 
a  witlidrawal  from  th»  Union.  Thecitiiens  of  Morgan  County  were  awake 
on  all  the  exciting  iasuca  of  the  day.  After  the  election  of  IB.'ifi,  the 
county  went  back  to  the  Democrats,  hut  only  by  u  feeble  majority,  which 
was  decreased  in  1858  and  still  more  so  in  1K69.  The  contest  in  18t!0  was 
of  the  most  exciting  character.  Both,  or  all,  parties  in  the  county 
thoroughly  organizea,  and  maaa  meetings  were  held  everywhere  witn 
music,  vocal  aud  instramentaJ,  and  torch-light  procesaioDu  in  bright  uni- 
forma.     The  result  was  a«  foUowe  : 

NOTEKBBB,  1860. 











































.     7 














The  RvpnblicaD  majority  continaed  to  increase  after  this  election. 
The  issue  of  1864  was  whether  the  war  shoald  be  continaed  or  abandoned. 
Great  concern  was  manifested  over  the  result.  The  retnms  in  Morgan 
Connty  were  as  follows:  Lincoln  and  Johnson,  1,798  votes;  McClellan 
and  Pendleton,  1,283  votes,  giving  the  BepublicanB  a  majority  of  510. 
The  vote  by  townships  cannot  be  given-  The  Hepublicans  were  over- 
joyed, and  the  Democrats  were  correspondingly  depressed.  The  result 
of'the  election  of  1868  was  as  follows : 

NovBUBEit,  1868. 



GniDt  and 


iDd  Blair. 

















































Great  oppaaitiou  had  been  brougbt  to  bear  upon  the  administration  of 
Geo.  Grant.  He  was  severely  criticised  by  the  opposing  party  in  the 
varioas  departments,  especially  in  his  financiiU  management  of  the  coantry 
and  is  the  civil  service.  Many  Repablicans  were  dissatisfied  with  his 
management  of  the  finances,  and  attributed  the  hard  times  to  bis  adminis- 
tration.  The  result  was  that  many  Republicans  and  Democrats  united 
to  defeat  his  re-election  in  1872.  The  following  is  the  result  in  this 
county : 

NOVBHBEB,   1872. 


anat  and 






Washington  .. 














Total . . . 































Seventeen  votes  were  cast  in  the  county  for  the  Bourbon  Democratic 
ticket — O'Connor  and  Julian.  From  this  vote  it  will  be  seen  that  the 
Republican  majority  had  begun  to  decline.  This  was  encouraging  to  the 
Democracy.  Soon  after  this,  the  Greenback  or  Independent  party 
sprang  into  life.  Its  origin  was  mainly  due  to  the  hard  times  reaulting 
from  the  depreciation  of  values  in  end^voring  to  return  to  a  specie  basis, 
and  to  strong  opposition  to  national  batiks,  and  to  the  refunding  of  the 
Government  bonded  debt.  The  old  parties  were  divided  by  about  the 
same  old  issues.     The  result  in  the  county  was  as  follows : 


NOTElfBKB,    1876. 

















































1889    1 




This  WHS  a  still  greater  reduction  of  the  Kepablican  majority.  The 
Bepoblicsn  caodidates  were  seated  bj  an  electoral  commission ;  and  the 
ncceasfiil  financial  management  in  retaming  to  a  specie  basis  and  the 
general  prosperity  of  the  country  were  the  causes  which  elected  the  Re- 
pablican  candidates  in  1880.  The  Greenback  party  had  become  quite 
■trong.  The  attack  upon  the  national  banks  and  upon  (rovernment  bonds 
was  continued,  and  a  reform  was  demanded  in  the  ciril  service.  The 
election  resulted  as  follows  : 

NOTEMBES,   1680. 































































Since  this  election,  tbe  Republican  mijoritj  has  be«n  confide riibly 
rcducud.  The  PuisoeraU  are  ooiiGdeat  or  carrying  the  county  in 
Novemhcr,  1884. 


The  estimftted  population  of  the  countv  in  the  summer  of  1820  was 
250.  In  1830,  the  population  was  5.59^ ;  in  18-10.  10.741 ;  in  1850, 
14,576:  in  1860,  16,110;  in  1870.  lT,.-.28;  and,  in  1880,  18,899. 
John  Vawter  was  the  ooosus  taker  in  1820. 

In  1840,  the  Quakers  livinji;  in  the  northern  part  of  the  count;  or- 

fanized  the  Westfield  Mnnthlv  Meeting  of  Anti-slavery  Friends,  al  ihe 
cad  of  which  were  John  Doan,  Robert  Doan,  Eli  J.  Snraner,  David  Doan, 
George  Hadley.  John  B.  Hadley.  John  Pfoff.  William  Hadicy.  ff.  E. 
Carter,  Asa  Balee  and  many  other*.  The  Doans  wore  Mpecially  aetire 
in  the  moVement.  Before  the  orgitnization  of  the  meeting,  back  early  in 
the  thirties,  strong  ground  was  taken  in  opposition  to  slavery.  Mr.  Sum* 
ner,  yet  living  at  MoorcBviile,  claims  to  nave  made  the  Srst  anti-slavery 
iMoch  in  the  eounty.  It  was  in  a  dcbat«  in  a  tefaoolhoUBe  northwest  of 
Mooresvillc  in  183d,  with  Rev.  Mitchell,  a  Presbyterian  miaisu-r,  who 
had  come  from  Tennessee.  The  minister  affirmed  the  right  of  slavery 
and  brought  forward  the  Rible  to  sustain  his  position,  but  Mr.  tSumner 
managed  to  head  him  off  with  the  name  powerful  authority,  and  wa!< 
awarded  the  victory  by  the  judges.  Lfite  iu  the  forties  and  during  the 
fillies  this  society  helped  oft' scores  of  colored  refugees  who  wen?  traveling 
hy  the  Undergriiund  Railroad  from  atripcs  and  bondage  to  the  free  soil 
of  the  dominion  of  the  Britisb  Queen.  Many  others  in  dilTereiit  paria  of 
the  county  were  similarly  engaged.  In  1H48,  an  organiziktion  was  ef- 
fected, and  a  county  free-soil  ticket  put  in  the  Held,  but  the  vote  was  less 
than  100. 

COMMOK    Ayi>    GltAVELeD    KOaD.^. 

The  acts  of  Coagreaa  early  provided  thai  five  per  centum  of  the  pro- 
ceeds of  the  sale  of  Government  land  in  Indiana  should  he  used  to  con- 
etruct  and  maintain  roads  and  eun-iU.  tbr&e-Hftha  of  such  percentage  to 
be  expended  by  the  Legislature,  and  the  remaining  two-fifth.*  by  Congress. 
The  tnree-fifths  of  the  five  per  centum  became  known  as  the  "  Three  Per 
Gent  Fund,"  and  was  a  Godsend  [o  the  early  settlers,  as  it  constituted  al- 
most their  entire  revenue  for  the  construction  of  Htato  and  county  roads. 
The  county  was  no  sooner  organized  than  the  first  installment  of  the  fund 
iraa  received  from  the  Auditor  of  State,  and  immediately  expended  upon 
the  first  roads  of  the  county.  After  many  years,  when  this  fund  had 
become  well-nigh  exhausted  from  the  decrease  in  the  sale  of  land,  other 
funds  were  devised,  collected  ami  expendwd.  Early  in  the  fifties,  sev- 
eral corporate  organiiations  were  effected  for  the  construction  and  main- 
tenance of  toll  and  graveled  roads,  among  those  in  the  sixties  being  Clear 
Creek  Gravel  Road  Company,  Monrovia  >ft  Bellville  Gravel  Road  Com- 
pany, Monrovia  &  Hall  Gravel  Rusd  Company,  Brooklyn  Gravel  Uoad 
Company.  Mooreaville  &  Monrovia  Gravel  Koad  Company.  White  River 
Valley  Gravel  Hoad   Company,  and  others.     Later,  several  others  were 



projected  anil  built.  Within  cli«  last  fire  jcars,  there  li&ve  been  iwii- 
■tnct«d  ftt  eountj  expense  the  following  gr&vel  roads  :  Martinsville  k  Re«- 
ard'a  Fernr  Grmrel  Koad,  fire  miles  long,  estimated  co9^  83,042;  the 
MartinsrilU  A.  Mahalaavillc  Gravel  Road,  sii  miles  loDg,  estimated  coAt 
17,620;  the  Taggarl  Station  &  Monroe  Coant;  Line  GniTel  Road,  two 
ntd  a  third  milra  long,  celimaiod  co?t  97,000 ;  the  Morgantown  k 
Joluwon  CounK  Line  Gravel  Ruad,  oot;  and  a  half  miles  Ions,  e9timat«d 
mat  9l,T00.  The  toul  estimated  cost  of  the  four  roads  is  $i22,562:  the 
ooontjr  has  three  or  four  toll  roada  owned  bj  pnrat«  corporations  now  in 


Tbeold  MartinsvilleJt  Franklin  Flat-bar  Railroad  was  built  in  IH47-52, 
aad  the  6rat  can  came  to  the  funuer  place  in  tli«  spring  of  1&53.  The 
{Tading  of  the  road  was  done  ftlmoet  wholly  by  citizens  along  the  route, 
and  when  this  wok  completed  the  Madison  k  Indiannpolifl  Company  fitt«d 
it  with  iron  and  rolling  stock,  and  operated  it  for  about  five  years,  when 
the  further  ruuning  of  trains  was  abandoned.  At  the  close  of  the  rebell- 
Ko.  Gen.  Bunisi<i«  obtainod  possession  of  the  road,  pot  down  T-rails, 
nt  on  •  good  clasa  of  rolling  stock,  and  extended  the  road  to  Fairland  in 
oMbjr  CooDty.  After  running  a  few  rears,  the  road  again  went  down, 
bat  some  time  afterward  pa8se<l  into  the  possession  of  certain  I^ew  York 
f«ni«6.  And  from  them  to  the  present  management — the  C,  I.,  St.  L.  k 
C.  CompaDT. 

About  the  year  1853,  the  New  Albany  k  Salem  Company  projected 
the  prwent  Indianapolis  k  Vincennes  road,  ajid  graded  it  throagh  ibe 
jfr«at«r  portion  of  the  present  length,  and  probably  wholly  through  Mor- 
|ao  CouQty.  fiul  there,  for  »ome  reason,  the  work  was  abandoned.  At 
the  eloee  of  the  war,  Gen.  Burnsido  secured  control,  and  fitted  the  road, 
DKMtly  on  the  old  grade,  with  suitable  rolling  stock.  The  old  grade  was 
en  the  opposite  aide  of  the  river  from  Martinsville.  About  the  time  Gen. 
fiomaide  aasnmed  control,  the  citizens  of  Morgan  County  donated  850.- 
000  toward  oompleting  the  road,  with  the  proviso  that  the  old  grade 
should  be  used.  This  offer  was  accepted  by  the  company.  But  soon 
after  this  MarliDSTille  and  vicinity  came  to  the  front,  und  oQered  the  oom- 
psny  8110,000  to  croo.^  the  river,  and  locate  a  depot  in  the  town,  which 
offer  was  accepted,  and  the  road,  thus  altered,  was  completed.  But  the 
citiMiis  who  h»d  donated  the  8^0,000,  declaring  that  the  contract  between 
them  and  the  company,  providing  that  the  rolling  t^tock  should  be  upon  the 
old  bed  bad  been  viulatcd.  rtfuned  to  pay  tliuir  duuntiuiitt,  and  suit  woe 
brought  to  collect  the  amounts.  After  several  years  of  lawiiig.  a  compro- 
mtse  was  effected,  whereby  one-half  the  donation  was  to  be  paid,  but  as  a 
matter  of  fact  only  about  $15,000  of  the  $50,000  was  received  by  the 
company.  MartinsTille  and  vicinity  bad  paid  the  830,000  according  to 
eoBtraot.  A  few  years  ago  the  road  was  leased  by  the  Pennsylvania 


Tbe  first  newspaper  published  to  Morgan  County  was  established  at 
Martinsville  early  in  the  forties  by  James  Richards.  The  sheet  wa.-*  a 
ituail  folio,  was  printed  often  upon  paper  obtained  from  the  stores  in 



town,  and  upon  a  small  vooden  press,  and  was  non-partisan.  It  con- 
tained coDsiaerabU  news  and  was  conducted  «  year  or  more,  and  th«a 
abandoned.  The  second  paper  wb«  Mtablialtvd  at  Moorcsrille  daring  the 
euDamer  of  1846  by  Thomas  L.  Worth.  It  was  a  five-column  folio,  iritti 
columns  fully  half  an  inch  wider  than  the  iinual  site,  and  was  non-par- 
tisan- It  wa»  called  the  Mooresville  Ohroniele,  and  cost '*?2  per  year 
when  produce  was  taken  and  len  per  centum  ofT  for  cash  in  advance'  In 
1851  or  1652,  it  was  removed  to  Martinsvi Up,  where  the  name  was 
changed  to  Morgan  Countt/  Gazette.  Mr.  Worth  issued  it  irregalarlj 
ami]  the  12th  of  May,  1855,  when  it  was  purchased  by  Edwin  W.  Callia, 
whu  enlarged  it  to  a  six-column  folio,  and  fixed  the  subscription  at  81>25 
per  annum.  During  tlie  political  excitement  late  in  the  fiuiee,  and  dur- 
ing the  war  of  1861  to  1865.  ih«  paper  under  Mr.  Cullis  exerted  i»ii  ex- 
tremely powerful  influence  over  a^ira  in  th«  county.  Ita  Kt^ publican iam 
and  loyallT  to  the  Government  were  of  the  moat  ardent  character.  In 
18.^7,  J.  \V.  Howard  vob  connected  with  the  Gazettf.  T.  F.  Omer  was 
aeeociated  with  Mr.  Callis  from  June,  1857,  until  the  latter  partof  1858 
or  theearly  partof  1859.  A.  A.  Bnrrakmnn  was  his  ossocialoin  1861  and 
1862;  W.  H.  Smith  during  the  first  yenra  of  the  rebellion,  and  J.  V. 
Mitchell  for  Iweiaty  tnonlhs,  beginning  in  October.  1870.  In  IS70,  the 
politics  of  the  paper  became  Independent,  and  were  enbsecjuetitly  gradu- 
ally changed  to  Democratic.  Several  other  important  changes  were  mads. 
In  about  1874,  A.  and  L.  O.  Callia,  daughters  of  Mr.  Callis,  became  own- 
ers and  publishers  of  the  paper,  Mr.  Callis  stilt  remaining  editer  aad 
manager.  The  paper  is  now  uWQcd  and  published  by  Liizie  0.  Callis, 
present  State  Librarian,  and  is  edited  by  Mr.  CalliB,  the  veteran  printer 
who  has  been  at  its  head  for  twenty-seven  consecutive  yeara.  The  pi»pcr 
is  the  Democratic  organ  of  the  county,  is  ably  managed,  hag  a  large,  use- 
ful circulation  and  a  liberal  advertising  andjob  work  patronage,  and  is  a 
credit  to  the  editor  and  the  Democracy  of  the  county. 

In  July,  1656,  P.  S.  Parks  and  C.  S.  Uilbourne  established  at  Mar- 
tinsville a  Democratic  newspaper  called  the    Martian   County  Monitor. 
The  sheet  was  a  eix-column  folio,  and  was  an  able  and  earnest  advocate  of 
the  Democratic  principles  of  that   stormy    period.     After  a  few  yeara, 
various  changes  were  made  in   the  ownership  and    management,  all  of 
which  cannot  be  given  here.     The  paper  was  called  the  Clarion  during 
the  war.     John  Storey  was  connected  with  it  during  the  early  stagee  of 
the  rebellion.     Hilbonrne severed  his  connection  with  it  in  18^2  or  1868. 
I..eonard  H.  Miller  published  the  sheet  in  1868,  jternred  a  large  eircula-      \ 
tion  and  the  proceeds  thereof,  and  then  decamped,  it  is  said,  between  sun-      ■ 
set  and  sunrise.     About  July,  1863,  the  name  was  changed  to  Morgan 
County  Sxpreta.     During  the  latter  part  of  the  war,  and  later,  the  paper      \ 
was  owned  and  managed  by  W.  B.  Bums  and  B.  U.  Bainbridge.    About 
the  yettr  1867  the  paper  was  discontinued.     Under  some  of  the  manage-      j 
mentti,  the  paper  wa!«  nright,  newsy,  and  exerted  a  strong  influence  over  tns      ' 
politic8  of  the  county.     Under  other  managements,  ic  led  a  precarious 
existence,  and  was  suspended  for  short  periods. 

Soon  after  the  Gazette  left  the  Ropublicnn  party,  in  1869  or  1870, 
the  prominent  members  of  that  party,  feeling  lost  without  an  organ, 
raised  a  subscription  of  about  ¥^00,  and  advertised  for  a  practical  printer 




1?  on  and  fouQc]  »  new  pnper  at  the  county  »pai,  RDd,  tooordJDgljr, 
.  Eagle,  uf  tlie  Puuvillv  t'nivtt,  iiiiswere<J  tlic  call,  parohaBod  iritli 
t&e  monej  suUcribtrd  a  full  office  oulfii,  and  on  tlits  11th  of  Aiif;ast, 
1870,  issaed  Uie  GrBt  number  of  the  Martinsrillo  Itepttblican^  s  seven- 
eolamn  folio  newspaper.  J.  G.  Bain  became  editor,  though  he  had  no 
Mcaaiarj  iat«reet  in  the  enterprise.  Acaon)^  those  who  had  ruined  the 
hads  to  esiahtiah  the  pnper  were  T.  B.  Mitchell.  J.  J.  Johnelon,  J.  R. 
IcbeltOD.  William  Kcnticdy,  J.  R.  McBrido  and  u  few  others,  in  all  about 
right.  The  paper  eucouulere<l  lh«  wvcrest  oppi>sitioti  fruui  the  QazeUe 
aod  from  the  Democrata ;  but  after  two  yearo  of  iacessant  warfare,  became 
veil  Mtabliibed,  with  a  steadilv  increatilng  circulation.  About  the  Ist 
of  Decembor,  1870,  the  entire  office  wus  sold  to  J.  C>.  Bain  aod  Heorj 
Smock,  the  latter,  having  be«n  a  practical  printer  in  Chicago,  becoming 
|Mbltsber,  and  the  former  continuing  ns  editor.  About  this  time  the 
p»par  became  an  cigbt-colamn  folio.  During  the  lutter  purt  of  1874, 
llr.  Smock  sold  bis  interest  to  3fr.  Bain,  since  which  lime  Shell  Parks, 
C.  8.  Crary,  G.  W.  Ryan,  John  I).  Whitted  and  Elmer  Whitted  have 
bMD  connected  with  the  paper  at  dilforent  periods  a.<i  vriter»,  witliont 
owning  an  interest.  In  May,  1882,  S.  W.  Mac?  bega.n  work  upon  the 
paper  u  associate  editor,  and  is  thus  cngagwi  at  present.  In  the 
utomo  of  1874,  the  sheet  btwaniu  a  scvon-column  quarto,  und  in 
May,  1882.  a  Hix-column  ((uario.  the  entire  paper  being  printed 
oa  the  Dew  steam  cylinder  power  press  purchased  at  chat  time  at 
a  total  ooat,  including  rouoh  new  material,  of  over  $1,200.  This  wa.<i  the 
Gnt  steatD  press  ever  in  the  county.  ^nA  is  the  only  one  up  to  the  present. 
Tka  paper  is  the  official  organ  of  the  Republican  party  in  the  cuutity,  has 
a  wide  circaUtiou  and  a  saijsfactury  job  itnd  advertining  patronage,  and 
il  ably  edited  and  managed  by  .Mr.  Bajti. 

In  about  1869  or  1870,  Lang  &  Wdl  issaed  at  Mooreaville  three 
Dombera  of  a  paper  called  the  Vindieater,  which  then  died  for  the  want 
of  breath.  Prof.  £.  H.  Oorland  then  took  the  office,  with  Benjamin 
Dakin,  and  the  sheet  was  issued  suocmsfatly  for  about  a  year  and  n  half 
under  the  name  Enterprise.  P.  T.  Macy  then  bought  the  eistabliubmcnt, 
and  Jatnec  II.  Burke  became  editor,  conducting  it  thus  two  or  three 
yean,  when  Mavy  sold  out  to  Charles  McMichols,  a  young  man  yet  tn  his 
teens,  who  made  a  failure  of  the  enterprise  within  a  year,  and  the  prop* 
erty  went  back  to  Mr.  Macy.  Burke,  who  had  gone  to  Ohio,  came  b&ok 
and  Cook  L-borge  of  the  oditoriiU  depuriuienl,  and  the  paper  becnine  the 
Herald.  A.  W.  llaadibo  was  coQoectcd  with  the  office  for  &  short  time. 
Aboat  1874,  Burke  bought  the  paper  and  continued  it  until  It^TT,  and 
than  Bold  oat  to  E.  F.  'lenaant,  who  ran  the  office  until  16>0,  when  it 
wflot  to  a  atock  company  and  became  [he  Monitor.  A.  W.  Macy,  now 
of  Ai»  Ii£artiD«villo  Aipuhlicanj  became  editor,  but  in  September,  183L, 
ralirBd,  and  was  suooeeoed  br  ^-  A.  Hunt,  the  pre.4ent  editor  and  maa- 
kfir.  The  paper  has  b«e(i  Repubiican  under  all  the  marLagcmonts,  has 
al  present  a  larger  circulation  than  ever  before,  and  has  a  fair  job  and 
idvertisiDg  patronage. 

Morgaotown  has  eryoyed  the  luxury  ofseveral  newspapers.  In  1878. 
^TQliMB  D.  And  John  Evw  h«;^an  to  issue  a  xmalt  neutral  sheet,  called 
Uis  HorgantovQ  Cyclone.     Unliko  utherstorms  of  this  nature,  it  created 



no  defltruction  of  lif«  or  properly.  After  vonlinuing  a  year  or  two,  the 
office  was  soM  and  removed  to  Drown  County.  After  an  interral.  the 
Bsme  press  was  brought  back,  and  G«orge  AllUoD.  Benior  sn'l  junior, 
eUrtcd  a  n«v  neutral  paper  called  the  Morgantown  Sunthine.  It  seetnod 
so  appropriate  to  bare  sunshine  after  a  cTcloac.  that  the  contrast,  aa  was 
thought,  would  be  ao  n-clcoinc  that  all  would  take  the  paper  and  contrib- 
ute to  its  support.  Bm  the  people  neemed  to  love  cyclone  better  than 
•uoshiiie,  poBsibty  after  the  theory  that  evil  deeda  seek  the  darkneas,  and 
did  not  support  the  new  paper  as  well  «s  they  did  the  old.  The  result 
was  itj  suspenaion.  It  was  revived  by  R.  M.  Dill  during  the  political 
compai^  of  1882.  but  it  then  died  without  prospect  of  future  life.  The 
office  waa  removed  during  the  summer  of  1883. 


Benjamin  Bull,  ,Iohn  Erikleff,  Ijarkin  Reyn'oMs,  Sr..  A.  S.  GrigM,  Will- 
iam G.  Quick,  Willium  R.  Harris,  William  V.  Hammond.  Daniel  Me , 

William  W.  Burns,  Abraham  A.  Barrickmnii,  Oliver  Il.D8U;;herty,  Joseph 
Barwick,  Bazil  Champor,  William  S.  Shirlet,  F.  P.  A.  Fhelpe.  C.  F.  Mc- 
Nutt,  (Jeorge  W.  Grubbs,  M.  H.  Parker,  James  IL  Jordan,  James  V. 
Mitchell.  The  above  are  araonj^  the  mire  prominent  f»f  the  older  sttor- 
oeys.  A  full  list  of  the  preeent  lef^al  practitioners  will  he  found  in  another 
chapter  of  this  volume.  The  loading  lawyers  of  tlie  county  nest  at  pres- 
ent arc  F.  P.  A.  Phelps,  James  V.  Mitchell,  James  F.  Cox,  Levi  Fer- 
guson, Cyrus  E.  Davis.  H.  A.  Soiock,  George  A.  Adams,  John  S.  Kew- 
by  and  A.  W.  Scott.  Several  of  this  number  arc  young  men  just  begin- 
ning the  practice  of  law.  They  are  steadily  gaining  a  lucrative  practice. 
A  few  attorneys  of  the  t<>wn  are  lon^,  lean  and  lank,  pinched  with  alow 
starvation,  but  with  no  fauh  except  a  hopelosa  and  conspicuous  medioeri> 
ty.  Mr.  Cox  is  prominently  mentioned  in  connection  with  the  office  of 
District  Attorney.  Tliere  id  als9  a  Htmng  sentiment  from  the  county  De- 
mocracy to  nominate  him  for  UepreseotatiTe  to  the  Legislature.  No  other 
maji  of  the  county  could  make  a  stronger  canvass. 


Several  importaut  decisions  have  been  rendered  at  Mnrtinaville.  In 
about  1862,  a  man  Darned  Flynn  shot  and  killed  Terrell  Before  bis 
trial  he  broke  jail  and  esciiped,  and  hiA  wife  wan  tried  as  acccflnory  before 
the  fact,  and  ac^^uiltcd.  A  abort  time  before  the  war,  two  men  named 
Burns  and  Slonn  became  involved  in  a  drunken  quarrel,  which  resulted  id 
the  death  of  Sloan.  Bums  was  tried  and  acquitted.  During  the  war,  a 
Mr.  Kiltian  shot  and  killed  a  Mr.Hatley,  but  upon  trial  was  acquitted.  A 
Mr.  Gibson  killed  a  m^in  name^I  Mann  with  a  knife.  Upon  the  first  trial 
he  was  sent  to  the  penitentiary  for  twenty-one  years,  but  upon  the  second 
trial  was  acquitiod.  A  few  years  ago  two  men  named  Prioe  and  Weamer, 
living  at  Morgantovrn,  engaged  in  an  angry  altercation,  when  Weamer  was 
killed  hy  a  blow  on  the  hevd  with  a  stone.  Price<  was  sent  to 
the  penitentiary  for  life.  The  TuU-Kahb  divorce  suit  about  twelve  yean 
ago  attracted  considerable  attenlinn.  The  celebrated  divorce  case  of 
Abbie  McFarland  vs.  Hugh  McFurlaiid  was  tried  in  186!^  at  the  Morgan 
County  bar.      It  will  be  rcmomber(.'d  that  Hugh  McFarland  shot  Albert 



0.  BiebardaoDt  the  famou*  War  corri'sponilent  of  the  Ncn  York  TVibune, 
fir  «II«ged  improper  relalioDx  iritti  Mrs.  Abbie  McFarland.  This  led 
lo  tbe  dirorce  suit  ftbov«  mentionei],  Mrs.  McFttrlAnd  then  bein^  »  reei- 
imt  ot  MartioiTilte.     Other  important  cas«e  might  be  nsntioned. 


Tb6  firit  Jutiees  of  tho  Peace  In  Morgan  Couoiy  commisaioacd  by 
Ae  Governor,  were  u  foUowA:  Larkin.  Revnolds,  Mtiy,  1822:  Samuel 
Baed,  Ma;,  1822;  J&mes  BarriB,  Muj,  1822;  Kiraot'  Mathews,  Ma7, 
1822;  Smniiiel  Scott,  JdIjt,  1822;  Samuel  Jesaap.  1823:  Tbomaji  [leii' 
ton.  1828;  Josiah  Drurv,  1824;  Benjamin  Cutler,  1825;  Thomas  Reed, 
1825;  JeaM  S.  Rooke'r.  1825;  Robert  C.  Stotts,  1825;  William  6. 
Lmt,  1826;  Barclay  Burris.  Wl^;  John  Mnthcwn,  18*26;  Abraham 
Tetcticr,  1826;  Samuo!  Wick,  182ti;"  David  Burris.  1827;  Charlei 
VcDtneM.  I83T;  William  Landers,  1827;  Cvroa  Whetael,  182T; 
Ephraim  tiosa.  1827;  Samuel  Scott,  1827;  Grant  StafTord,  18*27; 
Heorv  Rats.  1828;  David  Withers,  1828;  Abraham  Lafevre,  1828 ; 
fiolomoo  Dutiagin.  1828;  Barclay  Burris,  1828;  William  Bowlee, 
1S28;  Williaia  Ennig,  1828;  James  H.  Lyon,  1829;  Gideon  Jofan»on, 
1899;  JuBoa  StoUa.  1829;  Wdliam  Wilcox,  1820;  Bernard  Arnold, 
18S0;  Thomaa  Hendeburgb,  1830;  James  Crawford,  183U;  Murdecai  D. 
Miller.  1830:  Daniel  G.  Worth.  1830;  David  Withers,  1831;  Fnincia 
Whileher.  1831;  William  Burnett.  1831;  George  W.  Baker,  1831; 
William  Cox.  1831:  Daniel  Vest,  1842;  Johnson  Burris,  1832;  Jumca 
liewtoD,  1832:  Jamos  W.  Hayes,  183i;  Scotl  W.  YounR,  1832;  Joel 
Bean.  183-1 ;  Thomaa  McCartj,  1833  :  Chiirl«s  B.  Butler,  1833  ;  Grant 
Stafford,  18S3:  Uaac  D.  Hoffman.  1833;  Jacob  Seachrist,  1833;  Will- 
lam  Soott,  1838;  Andrew  Shell.  IBSIi ;  Henry  W.  Brayrale.  1833; 
Joaeph  Summers,  1833;  William  ^nnis,  1834;  William  Bowles.  1834; 
Alfred  Mathewa,  1834;  James  De  Moss.  1834  r  Philip  A.  Foxwoilhy, 
1834;  Nathan  Ltngford.  1834;  John  Fee.  1834;  Philip  Zeigler,  1834; 
John  W.  Hichnrdi).  1884;  Jacob  ElHo,  lS3r>:  Gideon  John^^on.  183o; 
Abraham  Stutenman,  1836;  Ilenry  McAllinter,  1836:  JeK<ie  Bradley, 
1836;  Edward  Bowman.  1836;  D.  W.  Howe.  1836;  D^rid  Lake.  1836; 
James  Blair,  18;)6;  Thomas  Donagan,  1836;  John  B.  Mazwell.  1836; 
Robert  A.  Campbell,  1836. 

The  Juiiccs  of  the  Peace  in  the  county  served  a^  u  County  Board 
nntil  the  fall  of  183<J,  when  three  County  Commissioners  were  elected. 
Tbc  name*  of  the  Juticea  may  be  seen  on  another  page  of  this  volume. 
The  first  County  Commissioners  were  Joshua  Taylor,  B.  Burris  and 
Ezekiel  Slaughter.  Among  other  Commissioners  of  the  thirties,  forties 
and  fiftie*.  were  Jonathan  Lyon.  Philip  Hodge*.  G.  W.  Baker,  B.  BurriH, 
John  iJadley.  Joshua  Tavlrir,  llewcit  Nutter.  Andrew  Whitcseii.  Will- 
iam B.  Taylor.  John  Hubi»rd,  John  Williams,  Van  R.  King  and  Samuel 
Booker.  Ijacer  came  Aaron  St.  John.  Lemuel  Gentry,  Jacob  Adams, 
Jnhn  v..  Greer,  Rice  E.  Brown,  Enhr»im  Hodges,  C.  Mathis;  John 
Faler.  1668;  John  L.  Knox,  186(»;  John  L.  Knox,  1870;  Joahoa 
Wopdea,  1870;  John  A.  Watkins,  1871;   Robert  Smith,   1872;  J.  C. 



IheB,  1873;  Madison  Avery,  1874;  W.  S.  Beeson.  1875;  Albert  B. 

"ftjlor,  1876;  W.  M.  Duckwortlj,  1877  ;  Calvin  >Uthew3.  1878;  WiU- 
ifim  Hink«r.  1879;  John  K.  CoffmaD,  1880;  John  F.  Kkdley,  1881  ; 
H.  A.  Stale;.  1882;  Tboniu  Singleton,  1883. 

Thia  was  not  a  separate  office  until  Benjatnin  Bull  was  etect«d  and 

commiwioned  in  about  1840;  Milton  Gnihridge.  1H44  ;  Barclay  Burrows, 

1848;  W.  J.  Mankcr,  1856;  W.  A.  S.  Mitchell,  1862;  Robert  Johnson, 

^1866;  Salem  A.  Xilford.  1870;  John  Williains,  1874  ;  William  G.  Bain, 

187lf ;  Goorge  W.  Prosaer,  1882. 

George  H.  Beeler.  1822;  George  A.  Pholpa,  1828;  Hannibal  R. 
Stevenii,  1833,  vice  Phelps  (deceased);  Stephen  McCraokeu.  1840; 
JaaeaJactceon,  1842;  O.K.  Daughertj,  1849;  Jefferson  K.  Scott,  1H55: 
•  •  *  •  J.  J.  Johnston.  1868;  John  Ilardrick,  1867;  Joseph 
W.  Pearcy,  1870;  Willis  Record,  1872:  Samuel  K.  Harrymati,  1876 ; 
Thoniaa  B.  Mitchell,  1877 ;  H.  C.  Hodges,  1878  ;  John  Hardrick,  1882. 


George  H.  Beeler.  1822;  G.  A.  Phelps,  1828  ;   Hannibal  R.  Sterena, 
1888;    Stephen   McCraoken.  1840;    Hiram  T.    Craijc.   1857;    J.   W. 
tAndrew.1865;  H.  T.  Craig.  1870;  W.  W.  Kennedy,  187S  ;  Williaui  G. 
Garrison.  1876;  Henry  H.  Olds,  1882. 

Jamee  Bigger,  Jstnuar;  1,  1822;  Benjamin  Cutler,  January  1$, 
1822;  Thoma«  L.  Galpin,  1824;  George  A.  Phelps.  1826;  Thomas  L. 
Gttlpin,  1828;  UirBin  W.  Crnig,  18S0 ;  Jonathun  WillianiH.  1834;  H. 
T.  Craig.  1888;  Jonathan  Hunt.  1840:  William  Wiilitmis,  1*42;  Joseph 
M.  Worihington,  1844;  T.  P.  A.  Phelps.  1846;  Joseph  Johnson.  1850; 
P.  B.  McCoj,  1851 ;  Richard  A.  Williams,  1852;  William  Killiun,  1856; 
William  E.  Tansey,  1859;  Henry  Sims.  1860;  William  Hynds,  1862; 
Willia  Record,  1866 ;  William  W.  Kennedy,  1870  ;  Thomaa  Dixon,  1874; 
John  C.  Comer,  1878;  Wiley  S.  IJ&llour,  1882. 


Charles  Heeler.  1822;  Williain  Hadley.  1822;  •  •  *  H. 
T.  Cr»ig,  1852;  J.  S.  lloagUnd,  1855;  Caleb  F.  Greenwood,  1857; 
Jeremiah  Iladley.  1850:  Joseph 'P.  Mnore,  IStJl ;  Jonathan  Hale,  1863; 
Benjamin  T.  Butler,  1805;  Isaac  Jones,  1874;  William  H.  Miller, 
1875;  Edgar  A.  Bourne,  1878;  Mathew  Mathewa,  1882;  Spenoer 
Hiatt,  1882. 


James  Shields.  1822:  Noah  Allison.  1825;  John  Sims.  1830;  J.  M. 
Mitchell.  1838;  John  A.  Graham.  1844;  *  "  •  John  R.  Roberts. 
1852;  Allen  H.  Burrows,  1854;  John  L.  Knox,  1856;  Ebonozer  Hen- 
derson, 1660;  Jacob  .\damB,  Sr.,  1H62;  Jacob  Adama,  Sr.,  1864;  J. 



R.  Shelton,  1S66;  J.  R.  Shelion.  1868  ;  GeQrg,e  \V.  Egbert.  1870:  John 
N.  Gregory,  1872:  John  N.  Gregory,  1874;  Jrmathiin  llwlley.  1876 ; 
Ltaael  Gathridn,  1877;  Elliott  F.  Bnoch.  1878:  Elliott  F.  Branch, 
1880;  Charin  Seaton,  1883. 


G«orge  Cnitchfi«]d,  1822;  Samuel  Seott,  1824;  William  Wiboa, 
1831;  Richanl  8.  Jones.  18SJ^:  Bepttmun  T.  Whiteman,  1839;  Austin 
Cut,  ISSf;  Septimus  T.  Whiteman,  1839;  Hnrvey  Sheppard,  1841 ; 
Saninerly  G.  Cunningham,  1843,  who  did  not  qualifv  ;  J.  H.  Sheppard, 
1848:  Richard  P.  Johnson,  1844;  Thomas  Hftrdwick,  1846;  Lloyd 
Ue,  1848;  C.  B.  Burk.  1849 ;  Pcrmintur  M,  Parks.  1849;  Thomas  S. 
Phe!p«.  1850;  Hiram  Whetiel.  UM;  K.  T.  Harryman,  1852;  Andrew 
T.  Wellmao,  1855;  William  llawe.  185ti ;  Joseph  Kradloy,  18ri9  ; 
Allen  S.  Seston.  1660;  Lloyd  Lee,  1861;  Harvey  Baker,  1864;  Uar. 
wy  Chandler.  1866;  Chnrles  3.  Twiss,  1868;  P.  R.  Marshall.  1870; 
Thomao  Singlrtoii,  1872;  Patrick  Cane,  \'*'H ;  H.  C.  Robert«on,  1876; 
Samuel  K.  BundelU  1878;  Elijah  P.  RitcbDy.  1880;  WiUiam  A. 
Hodges,  1882. 


Hiraui  Mathews,  1820;  Benjamin  Bull,  1833:  Solomon  Dunenan, 
1834;  Algernon  S.  Griggs.  1841:  Georg«  F.  WatermaD,  1814;  John 
W.  Hichards,  1846.     (This  office  was  abolished  in  1852.) 

A.S.'tOCIATR  .[ItDilR:^. 

Jacob  Culler  and  John  Gray,  March  18,  1822 ;  Samnel  Reed,  vice 
GniT.  1824;  Jared  Olds,  vice  Reed.  1827;  James  Burns.  1827.  vice 
Cotfer;  John  Mathews.  1829;  Benjamin  Bull,  1833,  vice  Mathowg ; 
Solomon  Doiiegan.  1834;  Jonathan  Hotfmaa.  1834.  vice  Burns:  Jease 
S.  Kuuker,  1^36;  Jonathan  Hoflman,  L88«; ;  George  Miller.  1842,  vice 
Huffman;  J.  S.  Rocker,  1842;  Thomas  McOIiire.  1K42;  Hiram  Math- 
ews, 1843,  vice  Booker,  deceased ;  William  Landers,  1849 ;  Hiram 
HatbevB,  1849.     (This  ofBoe  was  abolished  in  about  1852.) 


WiUum  W.  Wick.  1822;  Bcthiiol  F.  Morris.  March,  1825,  vi«« 
Wick,  resigned ;  Williatn  W.  Wick,  1834;  James  Morrison,  1839; 
Dand  McDonald.  1842;  James  Hushes,  1853;  J.  M.  Hanna,  1856; 
Solomon  Clavpool,  185S  ;  Delaney  B.  Eckles,  1860  ;  —  Franklin.  1864  ; 
JobB  0.  Bobiuon,  1876;  A.  M.  CanQing,  1882. 


William  G.  Quick,  1858;  George  A.  Bu»kirk,  1857:  O.  J.  Gleas- 
oer.  1865;  T.  W.  Woolen,  1869;  Kicbard  L.  CoBee,  1871.  (This  court 
WW  created  in  1852,  and  abolished  in  4873.) 

Th«  early  examinera  are  unknown.     H.  T.  Craig,  1854,  two  years ; 



Eb  Henderson,  1856,  two  years;  John  Story,  185S,  tvojeani;  B.  D. 
Blacketone,  1860,  five  yearn;  Jonathan  H.  Henry,  1^6!),  six  moiitlu; 
Saotael  S.  GriflStt,  186,'),  two  vearH  and  six  months;  J.  H.  Henry,  1868, 
eight  raoutha;  S.  S.  Griffilt^  1869,  two  years  and.  four  months ;  Robert 
^l.  Garrison,  18TI.  one  year  and  four  months ;  Flirtini  N.  Short,  1S72, 
three  years;  R.  V.  Marshal,  1875,  twojrcarn;  H.  N.  Short,  1H77,  two 
jeais;  S.  S.  Griffitt,  1879,  two  years;  E.  W.  Paxscn,  1881,  to  date. 


Morgan  County  has  no  organization  of  this  character  except 
in  connoctioD  with  other  counties.  In  1869.  a  call  was  circulated  through- 
out  the  county  for  the  ort^nniEAtion  of  an  old  settlers'  society,  the  meet- 
ing to  be  held  at  Moorc!vill(j.  ani  other  counties  were  invited  to  partici- 
pate. The  call  was  signed  by  huudrcds,  and,  iu  1870,  the  first  meeting 
was  held  on  the  fair  ground  at  chat  town.  An  enormous  crowd  asaem- 
bled  firom  Marion,  Hendricks,  Owen,  Johnson  and  Mormn  Counties,  and 
.  a  most  enjovable  time  was  passed.  The  meeting  was  held  on  the  9th  of 
Augu»t,  ana  James  Blake,  of  Marion  County,  was  President  of  the  Day, 
and  Fielding  Beelcr,  Secretary.  Meetings  have  been  hoM  annually  since. 
A»  high  as  10,IJ00  people  have  a»aeiiiblcd.  The  old  nctlleni  have  no  ex- 
cuse in  not  reeording  theirexperienoea.  They  recount  their  personal  ex- 
perience of  early  times  to  one  another,  but  neglect  to  have  a  competent 
scribe  put  it  in  writing,  and  thuti  the  incidents  so  fill)  of  interest  to  their 
dcHoendants  and  so  valuable,  by  way  of  example,  to  the  growing  popula- 
tion aad  the  coming  thouaandii,  are  lost  irretrievably.  Such  neglect 
should  cease.  If  neceasnry  a  collectina  of  810  ahould  be  taken  nn  the 
grounds  and  paid  to  some  competent  man  to  take  a  brief  of  everything 
uidt  and  then  write  It  oat  in  full  in  proper  record  books.  Don't  forget 


When  the  county  was  first  organized  it  was  compelled  to  iseue 
"orders"  to  meet  the  necessary  expenses.  The  court  houses  of  1824 
and  1834  were  built  in  this  way,  the  orders  being  afterward  taken  up  as 
the  county  funds  allowed.  Probably  the  first  issue  of  real  county  bonds 
wad  when  the  present  combined  court  house  and  jail  was  built.  They 
were  not  wholly  redeemed  until  after  the  rebellion.  Smaller  issues  were 
afterward  gold  to  secure  ready  means  to  build  various  bridges.  When  the 
new  pour  farm  was  bought  and  a  new  poor  houne  built,  about  thirteen 
years  ago.  more  bonds  were  sold.  In  June.  1873,  the  Commissioners 
sold  8fi9,O0O  worth  of  county  bonds  to  secure  funds  to  build  bridges 
over  White  River,  at  Waverly,  and  at  the  county  seat,  and  to  fence  toe 
court  house  square  with  iron.  En  187d,  they  ordered  S50,00()  new  bonds 
issued  a.nd  sold  to  refund  at  a  lower  rate  of  interest  the  old  bonds  which 
were  drawing  ten  per  centum  interest,  the  other  810.*-'*^*^  having  been 
paid  before.  The  county  farm  bond  debt  raised  the  entire  bond  debt  t<i 
about  875,000.  In  Mzj,  1682,  the  outstanding  bonds  amounted  to 
$60,500,  which  sum,  in  Docomber,  1882,  was  reduced  to  about  9^0,000, 
the  present  county  bond  debt. 




JiimW.  fTom«.  W.  Pr*«toi),  County  Aseni |BH  OS 

June  S9.  trom  JotmiliaD  Lyon,  storv  lionse 9000 

A.U(ll>t  3.  Irom  Chrijlopbc'r  La<l(l.  lavcrn  licpDBe 10  00 

NoTembcr  30,  (torn  Bcoiiimin  Cuik-r.  Counly  Collector...     lOR  8l 

KgnmberSOi  from  U.  .M.  Bcvlor.  lix  ou  couit  writs i  K 

Nowmbor90l  froadtlitiqurtii  Xnx  collccicd".*.,  ■..■.....  tf 

Total SOO  78 

BXrBItHKS  FOR  1823. 

&agiiM4,  cuh  paltl  County  JoiUoM $SU  OS 

StOf§aa>«T.  cuk  pakl  out  on  orders 108  81 

Total »«l7  8a 

BKCEirrs  FOB  IS88, 

fUmvy  tl,  from  O.  W.  Pmion.  County  Aeent 964  00 

April  — ,  from  Joabua  Taylor.  IBTcrn  llc«nw 10  00 

Hiy  ».  from  the  County  CoUtctor UT  12 

jnoeSB,  from  JonklliAa  Lyon,  fitorc  license SO  00 

Au^Mt  II,  from  O.  W,  PrmtAi).  County  Aoeot IW  01 

September  SOi.  from  Jtinaihiin  Lj-oa,  stor«  lioeiuei. !0  00 

October  4,  from  Samuel  Uootp,  rIotc  license 13  00 

Odobcr  4.  from  JohnSim*.  tkrem  liocnac tO  00 

Octobci  4.  from  Chrifllophcr Ln<lil  tarcm  llnnae.   .......  lO  00 

Norcmbrr  8.  from  T.  L.  <Mpio.  Counly  Collector 186  87 

Novembers,  from  Robert  BntdihLw,  ferry  1{««bh S  OO 

Total «OKl  » 

sxranca  ran  1833, 

Ttbrtmrr  — .  cub  paid  lo  County  Jukijom (IK  81 

Aogtiat— ,  cuL  puil  \f  County  Juslic«$ SIS  41 

Norcnber  ~.  CHh  paid  ou  county  ordsn. 141  tl 

Totnl *4M  fit 

Thft  cub  receipt*  for  1825  amoutited  to  St>t>5.66,  and  th«  expenses 
to  9^60. dri.  excluaive  o{  otibitanding  ordera.  The  indebtednew  of  tk« 
count;  vai  nearly  $'^00.  The  oatstaadins  orders  vero  «t  a  slight  dis- 
count, and  were  current  funds  in  almost  all  tratisactions.  The  cash  re- 
ceipts for  1826  were  So4U.!);j,  of  which  9'^18.20  was  county  revenue, 
$2.iJ.61  wail  from  the  iiale  of  town  Iota,  and  $64.26  from  tnerchandisa 
ud  liquor  licensee.  The  cash  expenses  for  1826  were  $260.22.  The 
cash  receipw  for  the  year  1827,  exclusive  of  the  countj  revenue,  were 
$291.90.  The  county  revenue  wns  ?241.08 ;  the  merchandise  and  liquor 
Eoeiuw,  872.50;  from  the  »ale  uf  lots,  81T8.08.  The  cash  expetiMt 
wcrv9o22.S7,  a  few  outstanding  oniers  being  taken  up.  The  total  cash 
receipts  for  1628  were  9742.62,  of  which  9^41.18  wan  county  revenue; 
t71.^r>  tnerchanla'  and  liquor  sellers'  licences;  $42.'>.23  from  the  Mte  of 
county  Iota.  The  cash  expenses  for  1828  were  8794,46,  more  of  the 
outvtanding  orders  boing  called  in.  The  total  cash  roceipta  and  expeitses 
of  the  county  for  the  year  1839  were  in  full,  na  follows: 

macsirra  ron  1830. 

January  0.  from  Jamec  Crawford.  County  Agent |74  SO 

January  S,  from  0.  U   Beeler,    tiii  on  court  writs 4  00 

Januarys.  T.  h.  Galpln  Bod  T-  DIckcn.  fees 4  M 

•TafeM  ham  lk«  Ttmtmm^  Men.  ttiii  rcnrd  torn  sal  laclad*  ontiiudiai  ordcn.  Tbc 
(ssDi;  *«  nally  la  StM  at  Ikt  «ad  of  M«b  j*v 



jBOuaiy  5.  from  G,  A.  Phelps.  County  Colloctor M6  8S 

JHDuarj'  6.  from  James  Crawfonl,  Couut;  A^at 44  88 

FobruaTj-8,  from  C.  Ludd,  oalray 8  W 

F«'briiai7  10,  from  William  Lander,  estraj 2  87 

Fcbruury  3.  from  G.  H.  Beolor,  Jun>ra'  fe<i8 18  00 

Fvbninrj  9.  from  Jolin  ('raiK,  liciuor  licrnH fi  00 

FcbniiLTY  l!*.  fr'>Qi  Siln.-;  Supp.  mcrchandiM  licciuo 10  00 

Uif  1,  from  Jnm(»  Vravriord.  County  Agent. 271  GO 

Hay  4,  from  U.  A    1Mii-lp«,ili'Iiiiqur'iit  ri-virnue. .,...,...  381  SO 

May  *,  from  Unri-Inv  liiirriit.  grorrry  licaim* S  00 

Hay  4.  from  Jnim  l)ii[«l.  lii[ii<tr  1li.viiitir IJ  00 

Hay  18,  from  .Sum ml  I>r»k<-.  mrrcliiuuliM!  Ilcenae 3  IM> 

Aii|t:ust  10,  fnim  T  L.  Onlpin.  airay 7  12 

September  1,  from  Sims  &  Drulie,  atoraUoenae 1  08 

Sepumber  t.  from  Wa«li1)um  &  Co..  mcKhamlise  Heease  1  10 

S^ember  I,  from  WoMh  *  Kelly,  store  lloenae 10  00 

September  l,  from  Sainuel  Hoore.  atore  licenae 10  00 

Kovember  12.  from  SIma  &  Drake,  alora  tloense 10  00 

Hovember  13.  from  Washbmm  &  Co.,  alora  llceose 10  00 

NoTcmber  18.  tuna  G.  A.  PbelTw.  County  CoU«elor 170  00 

Tottl »1.078« 

EXPBKliHa  POR  I8S>. 

January  0.  oaah  toOounty  Juitiicoa (437  24 

April  — ,  ciwh  paid  on  Kumlry  ordiira It  37 

Buy  2.  canb  pnici  to  (ouiiiy  JtiMlcea 271  Si 

May  4,  ciuli  (laiil  (o  County  JunClcea 169  79 

IfoVeRiberO.  uush  puld  on  sundry  orden 89  33 

Total 1916  «a 

Tho  cMb  receipts  and  expenses  Tor  1834  vere  ia  fall  as  followa 

uKrRirm  fob  li^. 

January  4,  from  John  Himn  Htora  liccuM 910  00 

January  A.  from  Clerk,  jury  Iwt 18  50 

Jannarj-  6.  interest  on  $300  lojuied 16  H 

JanuaiT  0.  from  County  Collector , 053  68 

JiiDuary  ^2.  from  Jamcii  I'utinin^liam.  stoi-e  Ifcenae 10  00 

JnniiDiy  30,  from  Illrnm  Wlictzcl,  grur cry  license 81 

January  30.  from  M    l>.  Mllkr.  fstmy 4  50 

F*ibniary  1,  from  Ilflwbcn  I>ftml)*rt,  ostray ,, 1  75 

Ftrljnuiry  3.  from  t'nlfli  St«^;5frwali,  ctttray , 178 

F^hnmry  7.  frrim  (.'Irrk  fnr  jury  fees 18  SO 

March  7.  from  Cynia  Wlict/.d,  grocery  11  cenw t  88 

April  17.  Irrjm  J.  [),  TugK,  cirojs  ridinK 10  00 

A]>ril35,  from  It.  L.  Jopcs.  jn^'^cpry  licvnM 81 

May  5,  (mm  11.  R.  SK-vens,  jury  (oea 0  00 

May  5.  (rom  Rlratn  Wlictzel.  ffrocery  Ikenae 10  00 

Hay  A.  from  Coimty  C<ill.-itor 05  00 

May  13,  from  R.  L,.Ioti('».Krocery  license 8  84 

May  19,  from  J.  M.  MitcUell,  mcrcbaudUc  license 3  38 

Juno  3,  from  .lohn  Fi-e,  ni'rclmndiao  lifi>n»e. 8  W 

June  18.  from  Snmupl  Moore,  itorc  liccnso 10  00 

June  IT,  from  II    U.  Stevens,  jury  fees 18  80 

July  17,  from  Miller  &  Co..  exhibiting  animals &  00 

July  2a,  from  Micbael  Slockwtll,  grocery  litonHi 110 

July  38,  from  Gidcioa  Johnson,  morchandiic  license 1  10 

Au^nt  S,  from  Eplingcr.  ealffly 1  00 

AiiffUHt  11.  from  8.  Itigtltrr  t^t  Co.,  i:x]iilittin(t  animala 5  00 

AitKU»l  24,  from  John  WLMitlicrx.  [-(iiriiy)" 26  00 

September  i.  from  Gidcnn  Jobn^oo.  sUtrv  licenac t  7S 

Soptembvr2,  fmrn  Jojin  Fee.  stoir  Ii'«nj>f 10  00 

8eptem1j«r4.  from  J,  M,  MiUlicll,  store  licewc 10  00 

September  17.  from  WlUliim  Scott,  aloru  license 7  50 

October  1,  from  SBniuelit  Henry  Lawrence,  grocery  llcenxc  87 



Oiob«r  4.  from  Ulcbael  Slockwell.  grocery  Uoenae 81 

(iclohcr  It.  from  .lonaUian  WlUUutu.  cair*; 4  M 

OGtobna^  bfHn  XeUr  •&  Wotlli,  alore  llc«iue 10  M 

OdobarM,  hom  Couuly  Collector 178  IM 

'  KoWBlbtr  8,  from  Lnvrrnrf  ItrctLers,  grooerf  Umdm 10  00 

K<n«iiil)«r  T.  from  Jolin  8img.  ectra)' 1  50 

IfovimbcT-,  frcHD  CountjColletrior S8  00 

Novrmbfr  3,  from  iatciestOD  tlOO  loaocd 8  SS 

Ni)T<^i»b«r  4,  from  J.  W.  Btannnsbip,  grooorj  liccnso 10  W 

L«c«inbcr  lU,  from  Arciy  HcQeo.  liquor  Ikcnse ff? 

ItoMonhcr  30.  from  John  Wtmn.  liquor  llc«aM 41 

Deeumbcr  £4.  from  John  Oox.  liquor  liccneo SS 

DeMtnlwr  do.  fiotn  WilllMn  Baxly,  nlrayi 13  SO 

Totiil 11,910  12 

sxpsmn  F«s  18S4. 

Jumtf]*  8.  csali  [uld  to  Count;  Comiuiuloaen... |  706  07 

jMuarre.  ciuL  jiKldoD  raDdr>'  ordvnt 90  81. 

KovemWflk  CUD  p*\d  loCoumr  Commitsionon 890  07 

Total »1,700  80 

This  exhibit  tllastratcs  tvo  important  fads :  1.  Money  had  previotiB- 

\j  ftccumalftt«d  in  th«  tn^usury.  2.  The  county  was  either  paying  off  old 
onutuiding  ordera.  or  wiitt  engaged  in  some  public  improvement,  an,  for 
iuteaoe  on  the  coanty  buildings,  or  perbape  both.  The  total  caeb  r«* 
odpts  for  1889  were  as  foltovs : 

Bsrstrrs  pob  1889. 

JannArjS.  from  H.  R.  Sterunn.  jury  fee* f  M  00 

JaauuT  7,  from  IV.  Sheerer,  Couniy  Acent 84  90 

January  6,  from  Gideon  Jobnion.atorellceiue S  00 

January  8,  from  Joha  Ualuei.  grocery  liceoN 20  00 

Januai;  23.  fhiai  B.  L.  Ornliain.  cslraya 75 

January  S9,  from  B.  PlaawaDfccr,  store  llcenu. 80 

Jaavary  83.  tmm  A.  Worlh,  eion>  licoose 6  00 

January  S8,  from  II.  C.  Mtirlin.  itoro  lioenae 1  00 

IVIiruan  T.  from  E  St  John,  store  license. .,,.. 4  30 

I'Vibni&ry^-  from  II   Uamlllon.  slorr  Uccnae 2  10 

Frbniory  t>f.  from '\Vilev  Oregoiy,  store  tlcciiM.. ...... ..  I  04 

Fcbniarj  K.  from  II.  Uollina,  vsU-bjr 3  00 

rcbraary  26,  from  John  Hodden,  ««tray« 6  00 

March  A,  from  County  Agent 4S  80 

March  A.  fro«n  J.  S.  itilly.  store  licente S  00 

March  ft.  from  S.  R.  Trower.  UurellccDK S  00 

March  8.  from  Wiley  flr«Korr.  Krooery  lloeitte S3  00 

March  19,  from  L.  M.  R.  Piunplitey,  (trocery  IkenM 4  00 

March  18,  from  Sunuol  Moor<>  Je  Co..  raerchandiie  )tcen«e  68 

Aprils,  irom  W.  Sheerer.  Couuiy  Agonl. 47  28 

April  IS,  (roni  Cralft  &>  Mnjor.  mercbandlae  Uoenae 88 

April  18.  from  8.  T.  Diirln,  clock  license 8  10 

April  18.  fiuiaL.  V.  fond,  wooden  clock  Ucodm 8  12 

April  38.  from  H.  Nowum.  grocery  liceoBe 18 

May  8,  from  County  Agent 85  00 

May  8.  froin  John  SJqul  More  lloanBe 5  00 

May  8,  from  N.  EdwardaACo.,  store  Ifceoao S  00 

May  8.  from  Ttiullcy  A  Bales,  atorv  UccoBe 3  60 

May  11.  from  John  L'randall,  clock  licooae 16  86 

May  S4.  from  Blow,  grece^  liecune 1  87 

Junra?.  from  8.  Mooro  A  Co..  maruhandbo  liconw ]  66 

June  88.  from  OienailDtt  AOohlwniih.  mercbandiw  lioeoia  88 

July  n.  from  John  lludebiirgh.  KToctr)-  licenae 8  13 

Augoet  1.  f n>m  I>iivtil  Wiae,  moccT)'  licenHc 44 

AugUAtR.  from  Etiii  Wbt:.  croci^rj  licvnae 44 

Aiigu«t7,  from  U.  V.  Uarrtt,  grocery  llcenM. 44 





August  IS.  from  A.  Q.  Araold.  rroccfT  license 81 

Septembers,  from  Hadlcy  Jt  Balce,  sun  licetito 8  50 

Saptombtrr  9,  from  ().  N.  Wnlbridgc,  atom  licooH 7S 

Sspumbor  11,  fr»»i  John  Ituol^nvr,  Jttorv  li<.-«inM 79 

SvptOBibiKr  It.  Trom  John  K.  Cluk.  Ktunt  liocnse IS 

SepWinbcT  13.  from  Jolin  llmlftiureb.  siore  lircDse. 8  IS 

September  18,  from  P,  M.  Piirki.  siotc  lic<'ii« 1  3S 

ScptcmbcT  IS.  from  J.  \l.  &  S.  M.  Mitcbell,  store  Ikenn  8S 

Sepumber  SO,  from  W.  O.  F*^e.  iiore  llc«tt»c 8< 

N(>reinb«r  4,  Trom  X.  Etlvnirdu  &  Co. .  siorc  tloetue fi  60 

Noreniber  4.  from  W.  O-  Fee,  more  license 5  0ft 

Norember  4.  froDi  J-  M.  &  8.  M.  Mitcliell.  store  lloeiue. .  G  00 

t7ore«ib«r  4,  from  P.  B.  McCo^.  i:rt>cerj  llceaae 2S  00 

M«iremb«r  4,  from  Coiintv  Ageut 30  00 

DeMtober  14.  from  Joho  lIud^burKh,  p-oc«iy  lioeiue I  00 

Deeeiatier  14.  from  Sumuel  MoorcxCu..  mdse.  license 88 

December  31.  from  L.  Qoldsmitb,  mercliaodise  UcenM. . .  IS 

From  poll  tai  on  1.486  polls ?4ft  00 

From  property  tax  on  41.«».«S0 1,«S  SS 

From  road  tax  on  non-K-sidenta .,....,..,.,.,,..,„  lOS  50 

FroQkConBir  tux  on  f<~Tri<t)i , H  00 

Fromeunitr;  (Ivlimjiicni  collections ,.^ 38  63 

From  in  tern  t  on  luoiiry  loaneil. M  20 

Total |S.8Hai) 

Jo  1840.  the  tax  on  1,584  polts  was  9792.  aDil  the  tax  on  81,411.084 
inirth  of  property  mns  $1,411.08.  The  ferry  license  amounted  to  821.50. 
The  cash  receipts  of  tbe  county  from  June,  1841,  to  June.  1845, 
Ktnounteii  lo  $22,1.')6.08.  This  included  oniinty  revenue,  proceeds  of  the 
sale  of  lols,  merchanls'  license,  ferry  and  grocery  license,  jury  fcc».  estray 
receiptfl,  seminary  fund,  interest  on  surplus  revenue  and  various  inoi* 
dental  receipts.  The  caah  exponao.^  for  the  same  period  were  $28,1^59.67. 
The  total  receiplK  for  the  year  eii<ling  June,  1849,  were  $8,954.84,  and 
tbe  total  expenses  f6,3l}2.02.  Tbe  receipts  for  the  year  ending  Juno. 
1851,  were  ?10,374. 13.  and  the  expenses  88.967.33.  The  receipts  for 
the  year  ending  June,  1855.  were  811,778.89.  and  the  expenses  were 
89,098.19.  Receipto  for  fiscal  year  1857.  were  $24,078.27,  Ie8s86,681.85 
on  hand  at  the  beginning  of  the  year,  and  the  expenses  were  817,828.80.^ 
For  the  fiscal  year  1862^  the  receipts  were  821,374.09,  and  the  expeni_ 
821,164.8it.  In  18G7,  the  total  receipts  were  849.077. tiS,  and  the  toUl 
expenses  856.641.75.  For  the  fiscal  year  1875.  tlie  onlera  issued  during 
the  year  amounted  to  833,741'. 53,  there  being  outstanding  onlera  at  the 
beginning  of  the  year  85,874.51.  The  oulatunding  boniu  amounted  to 
8t>U.O0O.  making  the  total  indebtedness  899,124.04.  The  orders  re- 
deemed during  tbe  rear  were  $29,258. <S5.  8«  mnch  of  the  indebtodneuj 
was  paid  off  in  1876  that  tbe  Treasurer's  atatemeot  showed  that  8156.48^ 
had  been  overdrawn.  For  the  fiscal  year  187S^  there  was  on  hand  at 
tbe  be>;inning  of  the  year  $7,065.81.  The  total  receipts  exclusive  of  tfaia 
amount  were  $27,236.  The  total  expenses,  lens  $7,703.49  remaining  in 
the  treasurv.  were  826,598.32.  Tbe  total  receipts  for  the  fiscal  vcar 
1881  were  8128,248.70.  exclusive  of  859.043.46  remaining  in  the  treas- 
ury at  tbe  commencement  of  the  year,  and  the  total  expenses  were  8131,- 
159.38,  there  being  a  balance  in  the  treasury  at  the  end  of  the  year  of 


The  receiptfl  for  mcrcbants'  lioease,  &'om  June,  1841,  to  June,  1844, 


were  Sld8.3d.  Countv  offici-rs  nore  |Hiid  f2,S41.10  rrom  June.  lt<43,  to 
Jane,  1844.  The  comiij  p&ui>erfl  cost  81.585.72  from  June,  1842,  to 
Jan#,  1843.  and  $.">29.fjl  from  June,  184'»,  to  December,  1845.  County 
oScen  co5(  86C4.4S  from  Juue,  1844,  to  June,  1846.  For  the  fiscal  year 
1849,  niercb»nt«'  lic«ai«s  brouglit  ^139.17.  and  the  seminary  fund'  re- 
ceipts wero  $410.93.  County  officers  cost  8651.65  in  1842,*  the  pour 
9250.30,  county  building  $1,855.20,  etevtions  $58.25,  roads  fin d  liigl- 
iray«  $90.10.  jurors'  fees  $472.74,  specific,  slloimncw  $S1].1I0,  and 
criminale  $85.57.  The  totsl  receipts  for  \S4ii  were  $10,806.90,  and  the 
total  expenses  $9.14t>.82.  The  county  reveuue  wan  $4,925.44,  In  1858, 
tlie  receipts  were  $9,517.19.  andthe  expen8e8$B,515.64.  County  officers 
eoel  $522.40  in  1848,  and  $797.82  in  1851.  and  $l.525.75iu  18o8.  The 
poor  cost  $483.27  in  1848.  and  $485.38  in  1851.  and  $580.51  in  1853. 

The  cub  receipts  for  the  year  ending  Juue,  1849,  were  $8,954.84. 
and  ihe  expensee  $6,882.02.  Of  the  receipts,  $130.17  was  from  mer- 
chants' license,  $110.93  was  seminary  fund  ;  county  revenue,  $.5,063.02. 
or  the  expen)ie«,  $552.99  was  for  the  poor,$585.:.'5  was  for  county  officers, 
and  $100  was  tuition  in  the  County  Seminary.  The  cash  receipts  for 
tbe  year  endine  June.  1851,  were  $10,374.13.  and  the expcoses $8,967.83. 
It*  noeipts  honi  merchants'  ticciist-  were  $157.50;  for  the  seminary 
fund,  $138.88;  for  cuunty  revenue,  ^4.419.33;  drslrict  school  tax,  $^84.42. 
The  expense  included  $79!^>.82  for  county  officers,  $185.88  fur  pau- 
pers; for  bridges,  $283.  The  receipts  for  the  year  ending  June,  1852, 
were  $7,701.25:  expenses,  $9.132.(>2.  The  paupcra  cost  $714.26.  and 
tbt  coonly  officers  $1,026.71.  The  receipts  tor  the  year  ending  June, 
1856.  were  $11,778.89,  of  which  $9,226.32  was  county  revenue.  The 
HpenflM  were  $9,098.19.  of  which  $2,457. til  wan  for  county  ofTicers, 
$100  for  agricaltai^  society,  $920.08  for  the  poor.  The  receipts  for  the 
yor.  ending  June,  1857,  were  $24,078.27,  of  which  $7,669.76  was 
conniy  revenue,  $6,378.88  for  schoolhouwe.  There  was  in  the  treasury 
at  ihc  beginning  of  the  year  $6,681,85.  The  expenses  were  $17,828.30, 
of  which  $1,977.15  was  for  county  officers,  $926.02  for  paupers,  $100 
fur  the  ogricultuml  iiociety.  and  $7,278.75  for  schools. 

In   iS-'ig,  public  buildings  cost  $10,229.66 ;    the  paupers,  $996.11; 

ODonly  officers.  $1,198.79  ;    the  agricultural  society,  $180.      In   1861, 

the  poor  coat  $1,107.86;  county  officers,  $l,24l.*91;  the  agricultural 
»*;««    ftiOA  .«J  ii..  m:i;i.,..t   a->n  An      v,.,-  rt.«  i......  lai^a   lam  ...j 

cvltuml  focieiv,  $216:  countr  bounty,  $3,530.  The  county  revcnua 
ajDOODied  to  ^0,836.03.  Id*  1866.  the  poor  coet  $5,140.04.  and  in 
1967  COM  $2,304.89.  In  1876,  the  total  poor  expense  was  $9,375.16; 
briibea  cost  $9,696.90  ;  county  ollicers,  $8,683.73.  In  1878.  the  poor 
coat  $8,836.93;  county  officers,  $6,342.35;  orplmnei,  $628.37.  The  total 
receipts  were  $41,910,  inclnding  $10,381.12  on  hand  :  the  expenses  were 
|-M.t<94.71.  In  1881,  the  poor  expenses  were  $7,768.03,  aUo  $3,2.^3.24 
on  the  bouse  and  fiirm ;  county  umcers  coat  $7,344.43  ;  county  bounty, 
$4,518.74  :  jurors'  fees,  $1,824.89. 

IIM7MT  r>fin«d  iy  will  ■•»■  ib«  S<cd  jMr.  uplrlBg  ih«  3irt  dTIIrt  of  a*  d«tt  BMUuctd. 


The  foliowi&g  is  the  Auditor's  report  for  the  fiscal  year  endiDg 
Maj   81,  1888: 


B&lancein  treasuir  June  1,  I88S $48,651  90 

County  revenue 41,076  08 

Fines  and  forfeitures 700  48 

Congressional  Interest 1,092  05 

Qravelroad  fund 1,120  64 

Liquor  license 400  00 

Docket  fees 10  60 

Dog  tM  fund  656  66 

Common  school  principal 8.S84  16 

State  revenue 210  00 

Township  revenue 6,653  68 

Road  fund 14,260  67 

Redemption  of  land  sold  for  tai 2,049  18 

Tax  reiunder 1,767  61 

Common  school  tuition 17,056  15 

Special  school  fund 15,800  06 

Common  school  interest 9,764  24 

Higbwav  damages 200  00 

Local  tuition  fund 18.018  78 

M.  &  H.  F.  Gravel  Road 9B  86 

Bond  interest 8,688  84 

Bond  princfpal 7,060  95 

Bridge  fund 747  02 

Town  bond  fund 418  76 

M.  &  M.  Gravel  Road 2,766  68 

T.  B.  AM.  Co.  Line  Gravel  Road 9,860  00 

M.  &  J.  Co.  Line  Gravel  Road 1,700  00 

Congressional  school  fund 1,107  00 

Total 1191,796  61 


County  revenue 97.360  62 

Township  fund  2,766  68 

Boad  revenue 13,871  85 

Redemption  of  land 848  26 

Special  school  tax 8,489  61 

Gravel  road  fund 609  7S 

Common  school  principal 651  46 

Common  school  interest 464  40 

Local  tuition  tax 7,120  91 

M.  &  R.  F.  Gravel  Road 841  08 

Bond  interest 6,569  48 

Bond  principal 923  44 

Town  bond  fund 14  86 

TA.&  M.  Gravel  Road 1.617  19 

T.  8.  AM.  Co.  Line  Gravel  Road 1.082  50 

Congressional  achool  principal 1.107  22 

Total $58.634  08 

LESS  AHortrre  otbbdrawn. 

State  revenue I     62  00 

Tax  refunders 110  55 

Congressional  fund  interest 2,227  78 

Bridge  fund 1,814  05 

Salt  Licit  Gravel  Road 66  05 

M.  &  C.  V.  Gravel  Road 90  65 

M,  &  B.  Gravel  Road 113  45 

M.  &  J.  Co.  L.  Gravel  Road 66  98— J4.640  47 

Amount  in  troaeuiy  subject  to  draft.  May  31,  1683 $49,08a  06 




Fee  and  salary  of  offlcera $4,902  44 

Jurors  and  boarding  jurors 3,009  35 

Expenses  of  Poor  Ajsylum,  Orphans'  Home  and  interest 

on  Poor  Farm  debt 5,674  81 

Specific 1.526  87 

Criminal  expense 1,784  91 

Commissioners'  Court 748  60 

Coroner's  inquest 257  86 

Roads  and  highways 275  10 

County  Superinlpndent 868  00 

Books,  stationery,  printing,  etc 2,864  S4     . 

Assessing  revenue 1,895  90 

Insanity    287  01 

Fuel 868  41 

Bridges 649  74 

Temporary  poor 7,896  60 

Baililla,  Cinjuit  Court 886  80 

County  Attorney 864  60 

Board  of  Health 888  70 

Election  expenses 87  80 

County  bounty 146  95 

County  instituta 60  00 

Procuring  field  nolas  and  plat  of  county 260  00 

Interest  on  county  orders 219  68 

Insurance 76  00 

Change  of  venue 68  40 

Total  expenditures ,.  984,908  71 

OTHEB    FtmSB. 

Pines  and  forfeitures $709  48 

Congressional  interest 1,621  04 

Gravel  road  fund 610  91 

Liquor  license 1,400  00 

Docket  fees 10  60 

Dog  tax  fund 1.488  76 

Common  school  principal 8,910  00 

Stale  revenue 130  00 

Township  revenue 6,313  85 

Road  fund 9,060  97 

Redemption  of  land 2,405  99 

Taxrefunder 1.854  84 

Common  school  tuition 17,066  16 

Special  school  fund 14.895  62 

Common  school  interest 2,635  29 

Hiifhway  damages 200  00 

Local  tuition 18.075  09 

M,  <fc  R.  F.  Gravel  Road 566  50 

Bond  interest 2,760  00 

Bond  principal 10.500  00 

Bridge  fund 2.561  07 

Town  bond  fund 878  37 

M.  &.  M.  Gravel  Road 607  66 

T.  S.  &M.  Co.  Line  Gravel  Road 8.667  00 

M.  &  J.  Co.  Line  Gravel  Road 1,766  99 

Co ngresaional  school  principal 1,971  17 

M.  &  B.  Gravel  Road 118  45 

M.  &  C.  V.  Gravel  Road 90  65 

Balance  in  treasury  May  81,  1888 49,083  66 

Total $191,795  61 



For  the  following  bets  in  relation  to  the  temperance  work  done  in 
Morgan  Countj.  the  pablisliers  are  indebted  to  the  contribution  of  E.  J. 
Samner.  Es'|.,  a  resident  for  nenrlj  6fty  years  of  the  vicinity  of  Moorci- 
vil!c.  anil  n  promini-iit  worker  in  the  temperance  cause.  The  contribator 
divide)!  ibe  trestment  cfthe  subject  into  three  periods — the  6r8t  extend- 
ing to  the  year  1H39,  the  second  to  the  year  1R72,  and  the  third  lo  Ifi84: 

During  the  first  period,  it  was  conceded  hy  the  adii'ocntea  of  temper- 
anoe  that  the  drinking;  of  spirits  aa  a  beverage  was  not  to  be  condemned, 
proridcd  it  was  not  carried  to  drunkenness,  which  was  denounced  as  a 
vice ;  during  the  second  jieriod  tire  temperance  men  took  a  ntep  further 
and  declared  that  not  only  was  drunkenneits  n  vice,  hut  that  the  only  Bafe 
way  of  avoiding  that  vice,  was  by  total  abstinence  from  the  use  of  iaioxi- 
cante  as  a  beverage ;  during  the  third  period,  the  approved  method  of 
urging  th«  tompennce  cause  was  by  declaring  that  the  only  protection  for 
the  individual  and  for  society  from  the  vice  of  drunkcnncea  wis  ihroush 
the  Con»tituUon  and  by  legislative  prohibition  of  the  liquor  trnlSc.  The 
word  temperance  herein  used  applies  only  to  the  use  of  intoxicating 
drinke,  and  not  in  its  general  seitse  of  the  proper  or  uioderate  use  of  law- 
ful things. 

The  n«ichborhood  of  Mooresirillo  was  principally  Bctlled  by  immi- 
granta  from  North  Carolina,  Ohio  and  Kentucky,  and  however  much  tliey 
might  differ  on  other  suhjccts.  the  prevailing  opinion  among  them  was 
that  intemperance  consiitted  only  in  getting  driinlc.  and  not  in  the  use  of 
iDtoxicants  as  a  beverage,  and  consequently  neighbors  drnnk  together  in 
public  without  reproach  during  the  first  period  of  nineteen  years.  The 
oounlry  around  was  settled  mostly  by  Friends.  Baptists  and  Epiocopal 
Methodista.  and  during  the  first  period  the  work  of  temperance  was  car- 
ried "on  entirely  through  the  churches.  The  Friends  were  largely  pre- 
dominant, and  were  proverbial  for  nobriety.  Their  church  discipline  was 
excellent  as  far  as  the  uac  of  distilled  spirits  was  concerned,  but  was  lax 
u  lo  the  use  of  fennentcd  drinks  ;  the  Baptists  held  that  true  temperunce 
consisted  in  the  moderate  use  of  alcoholic  drinks,  while  the  Methodists, 
and  more  especially  the  itinerant  prcuchem,  Caught  that  the  only  remedy 
ibr  drunkenness  wns  the  total  ahBtincnce  from  all  intoxicating  liquor,  and 
thus  every  MethodisI  society  became  an  embryo  temperance  atwociation. 
All  through  rhis  lirst  period  small  distilleries  and  drinking  saloons  were 
common;  drunkenness  and  tlj^hting  were  inevliablo  on  elcciion  day,  and 
indeed  whieky  was  quite  a  factor  at  the  polls. 

About  the  bnglnning  of  the  second  period,  in  1889,  there  were  added 
to  the  temperance  force  the  Disciples  Church,  ilie  Total  Abstinence 
Society,  the  Waahingtonians.  the  Sons  of  Temperance  and  the  Good 
Templars;  but  many  Friends  had  considered  fermented  drinks  harmless, 
and  the  hone»t  but  raifltakcn  father  would  think  ho  had  mistreated  a 
neighbor  or  cnlling  friend  bad  he  failed  to  offer  him  a  cup  of  cider  or  of 
domestic  wine,  anti  the  boys  would  make  merry  with  their  companions 
over  a  mug  of  cider  when  occasion  seemed  to  require,  yet  the  Friends 
were  looked  upon  as  bright  examples  of  temperance,  the  other  churches 
and  organizntions  not  being  any  further  advanced  in  the  temperance 
oauso.     But  now  a  great  revival  was  inaugurated  by  the  McthodislSf  and 


die  wleof  Uqaor  abated,  and  the  selling  and  drinking  of  whiskj  became 
rvj  nnpopaUr.  The  Disciples  were  energetic  and  ueir  preachers  were 
among  the  most  eloquent  in  advooating  the  temperance  cause.  All  the 
total'ftbstinent  societies  named  above  were  lealous  in  their  work,  and  con- 
Tarti  were  made  at  all  points. 

At  the  banning  of  the  third  period,  the  various  temperance  societies 
wtn  absorbeclby  the  Independent  Order  of  Qood  Templars,  and  in  the 
&1I  of  1872,  memorials  began  to  be  forwarded  to  the  Le^slature  praying 
for  prompt  penal  legislation  for  the  suppression  of  the  sale  of  intoxicating 
bereragee ;  as  a  result,  the  Baxter  law  was  passed.  The  enforcement  of 
this  law  met  with  strenuous  opposition,  and,  strangely  enough,  much  of 
that  oppontion  eame  fh>m  a  few  leading  members  of  the  Societv  of 
Friends.  HoweTer,  since  the  great  Methodist  revival  of  1839,  drinking 
saloons  have  been  qnite  unpopular,  and  none  of  those  started  could  sor- 
rive  over  a  few  weels  at  a  time.  Some  have  been  clwed  by  legal  process, 
some  by  moral  suasion,  and  some  have  been  suppressed  by  violence. 
Among  the  latest  at  Mooresville,  one  was  abolished  in  July,  1883, 
throng  the  efforts  of  the  Women's  Christian  Temperance  Union,  and  one 
which  was  opened  immediately  after  in  the  same  building  was  legally  ex- 
terminated abont  the  20th  of  October,  1883.  No  drinking  saloon  now 
ezistB  in  the  town,  and  the  traffic  in  liquor  ia  generally  held  as  disreput- 




BT  wntoa  A.  aooMPUB. 


FROM  the  formatioQ  of  the  count;  to  tfae  rebellion  of  1861-65,  the 
old  tailicia  sj»tein,  wliich  had  ilone  such  excellent  service  during  all 
the  previous  Indian  border  wirs,  waa  pormittod  to  almoal  vboUy  dio  out 
in  Indiuna,  owing  to  a  protracted  pwiod  of  profound  peace.  A  more  or 
less  Dominal  organization  was  carried  on  in  Morgan  Couotj,  and  anniul 
muatcrs  were  enjojed  bj  large  and  motley  croirdii,  more  intent  on  frolic 
and  rojstering  than  improvement  in  militanr  discipline.  Aside  from  this, 
the  military  spirit  of  the  people  quietlj'  Hlumbered  until  roused  bj  the 
war  with  Mexico.  The  following,  however,  is  a  partial  list  of  the  soldiers 
of  the  war  of  1812-15  who  afterward  roaiJed  in  Morgan  Countv  :  Georce 
PattorflT,  Samuel   Uarrym&n,   Benjamin    Mngg,  Spencer    McDaniel,  old 

man  Tull,  William    Worthen,  John  Robb, Fonville,  Tobias    Butler 

and  others- 


In  1846,  immediately  after  the  call  of  the  President  for  volunteers, 
a  company  was  organised  at  Martinsville  for  the  war  with  Mexico.  The 
services  of  the  company  were  tendered  the  Governor  just  one  month  after 
the  call  for  volunteers  had  been  issuoi).  The  officers  were  John  W.  Cox, 
Capluio:  Pleasant  Williams,  Pint  Lieuteiinat;  James  W.  Ford.  Second 
LiautoDant ;  and  the  company  was  styled  the  "  Morgan  County  Rangers." 
But  so  great  waa  the  rush  from  every  county  in  ihe  State  to  get  into  tfae 
service  that  the  company  was  too  late,  and  waa  rejected,  though  five  or  six 
aflerward  catered  other  companies.  Tie  following  men,  who  at  some 
period  were  reeidents  of  Morgan  County,  served  in  the  Mexican  war, 
though  but  few  went  from  the  county  directly  into  the  war,  the  greater 
number  going  from  other  countieu  and  States:  Owen  0.  Williams  and 
Lawrence  G.  Williams,  with  Qen. Taylor;  David  Nowlen, same  ;  William 
Mabee,  with  Oon.  Scott,  shot  through  the  hand ;  Charles  Stoker,  with 
Scott,  was  under  fire  twenty-two  timu»;  Stephen  and  Jackson  Bales, 
Larkin  Jones,  William  Crura,  John  Cofley,  Y.  J.  Robinson,  John  Gleas- 

ncr,  E.    T.    Harryman, iladlej, Wilson, Laeh,  and  no 

doubt  several  others. 

It  is  anaccessary  to  give  a  summary  of  the  causes  which  led  to  the 
rebellion  of  1861-65.  During  the  five  years  previous  to  the  breaking-out 
of  the  war,  the  interest  in  Morgan  County  ran  to  fever  heat.  The  ele- 
ments of  political  feeling  were  sharp  and  distinct.  Many  of  the  citiicns 
bad  formerly  been  residents  of  the  South,  and  a  strong  regard  for  the 
land  of  their  birth  and  childhood  led  them  into  open  sympathy  with  their 
former  friends.     On  the  contrary,  many  othcra  were  Abolitionists,  with 



•arcelv  an  instinct  or  a  tbou^ht  in  common  either  vrilh  llie  Soulliern 
people  ur  tb«ir  Northern  s;mpaihiz«ra.  'ibia  condition  of  things  gav«  the 
eoQDty  all  shades  of  opinion  on  Uie  impending  crisis.  Late  In  the  fifUes, 
tkt  tno  parties,  Demoorat  and  Hcpublicao.  w«ro  almost  eaual  in  the 
coDnij  in  point  of  numbers.  The  Presidential  campaif;n  of  1860  was 
bitterly  fbu^bt,  vitti  the  following  roEult:  Kcpablicnns,  1,756;  Douglas 
Democrota,  1,510;  Breckenridge  Demorrsis,  t)2;  Union  candidates,  1,^. 
This  was  a  Republican  Rain  of  218  TOtes  over  the  Presidential  election  of 
l&o6,  and  greatlT  encouraged  ihe  party  in  the  county.  Soon  after  the 
Dcvji  had  been  received  of  tho  patsagt  of  ordinances  of  secession  by 
South  Carolina,  ft  mass  meeting  of  the  party  was  called  lo  meet  at  the 
Mart  houso  in  Munineville  on  the  SDth  of  December,  I860,  on  vhieb 
occ^ion  several  thousand  persona  assembled  to  take  into  consideration  the 
Kate  of  the  country.  Hon.  A.  S.  Griggs  was  made  Pretiident,  and  Sims 
Ufejor,  Secretary,  and  the  folloning  committee  was  appointed  to  tinh 
naolntioDS  expressive  of  the  ecnte  of  the  meeting:  W.  H.  Craig,  T.  J. 
Worth.  A.  A.  Barrickman.  Thomas  Frwman.  S.  D.  Ruckle.  S.  A.  Til- 
ford  and  Aaron  St.  Jobs.  While  thia  committee  was  at  work,  the  meet- 
ing  waa  nddreaaed  by  the  Preaiflent,  and  by  Dr,  J.  J.  VWight  and  others. 
A  long  scries  of  resolutions  was  then  adopted,  asserting  that  the  Chicago 
plalform  was  just;  that  the  deplorable  state  of  the  country  was  due  to 
the  Democratic  administration  of  BuchnoBn  which  desired  to  carr^  slarory 
into  all  the  Territories;  that  the  termination  of  Buchanan's  reign  would 
be  hailed  with  Joy  ;  that  the  Union  must  be  perpetuated  at  all  basards, 
and  that  secession  waa  treason,  and  should  be  rigidly  dealt  with.  The 
oieeting  was  very  enthuaia«cte. 

About  the  middle  of  Fi:bniiiry,  1861,  u  etrong  Union  meeting  was  held 
in  Gregg  Township,  J.  It.  Hinkle  acliiig  as  Chairman  and  II.  K.  Spen- 
cer, Secretary.  Dr.  J.  P.  Rader,  D.  Heaton  and  H.  K.  Spencer  were 
appointed  to  draft  resolutions.  These  stated  as  the  senfte  of  the  meeting 
that  the  administration  of  Mr.  Lincoln  must  be  supported,  that  no  State 
waa  justilitd  in  Mceding^  and  that  an  amendment  to  the  constitution  pro- 
hibiting sUrcry  tbould  niit  be  adopted.  A  large  meeting  of  a  similar 
character  was  lield  about  the  same  time  in  Mooreaville.  in  Morgantowu 
^^_iad  at  several  other  places  in  the  county. 
^^M  It  should  be  lememhered  that  there  verereprMentatircs  in  the  county 
^Hbf  ill  •ha<lea  of  political  opinion,  from  the  moat  ardent  Abolitionist  to  the 
^H^De  who  1>elieved  in  the  right  of  the  States  to  secede,  and  in  the  divine 
^^ origin  of  slavery.  Tho  excitement  continued  to  increase  as  the  winter 
I  wore  away,  sad  as  the  Southern  States,  one  after  another,  seceded. 
Large  quantities  of  Government  stores  and  forts  and  important  strategic 
points  were  seized ;  and  soon  grave  apprehension  was  felt  by  strong  Union 
people,  owing  to  the  apparent  apathy  of  Freeidont  Lincoln  after  hia  in* 
aogttratioQ.  that  oothiug  would  be  done  to  check  the  dissolution  of  the 
Gorenment.  Cootiatted  and  extensive  preparations  for  war  were  msdc 
in  the  South,  long  aAer  the  North  ceased  to  believe  that  the  dil!'ercnccs 
which  divided  the  two  Actions  of  the  country  might  be  amicably  adjusted, 
'"'either  the  North  nor  the  South  knew  the  strength  or  the  spirit  of  the 
r.  The  former  believed  that  if  war  was  begun  the  South  would  be 
into  submisaion  within  three  months,  and   the  latter  believed  that 



the  North  ■would  ncrer  have  the  tiourajfe  to  attempt  to  coerce  the  rebellions 
Slates  back  into  the  Union.  Many  thrnnghout  the  North  believed  that 
the  admiaiBtration  had  do  right  to  resort  to  eoorcioQ.  On  the  eotitrarr, 
the  great  inajorttjr  were  urgent  in  their  demanda  upon  President  Lincoln 
to  strangle  the  hjdra  of  seceseion  in  its  infiiacy,  and,  if  nec«es&ry,  forcibly 
isainlain  intact  uie  union  of  the  Statea. 

At  last  the  news  was  received  that  Fort  Sumter  had  surrendered  to 
the  rebels.  On  tho  evening  of  Monday,  April  15,  1861,  this  startling 
news  reached  Marti aairi lie,  and  kindled  a  degree  of  angry  excitement  un- 
known before  in  the  history  of  the  county.  The  great  majority  forjiol 
party,  and  came  loyally  forward  to  the  support  of  the  Government.  Er- 
•ry  businoas  pursuit  was  dropped,  and  the  citizens  gathered  at  towns  and 
DTOSB  Toada  to  review  the  ominous  situation,  and  encourage  one  another 
with  hopeful  words.  The  prompt  call  of  the  Presideut  for  1^,000  volun- 
ieen  to  put  down  the  rebellion  nent  a  ware  of  relief  throughout  the 
aniinu'4  Xorth,  and  double  the  numlior)  called  for  immediately  tendered 
their  aervioed.  Amorica  had  never  before  witnessed  such  a  univeraal  and 
popular  uprising.  Mr.  Callis,  editor  of  the  Gazette,  came  out  on  Wednes- 
day, April  17,  with  long,  loyal  editoriah,  urging  an  immediate  response 
to  the  call  of  the  Pre*tdeat,  and  declaring  that  the  Union  must  be  pre- 
served.    The  following  short  article  also  appeared  in  the  issue  of  the  17cb; 


On  Monday  nigtit  lut.  when  tlio  auwg  of  tUu  reduvtiiin  of  Fort  Sumter  rencbetl 
this  town.  sereraroroiirniiEcn*  openly  rejoiced  at  tlitrvcni.  Wt-  na-  sorry  »  re- 
Oord  tllll  lamentatilc  fiict.  Wc  arc  fp'lcvcd  to  confciu  tkut  we  hnvr  nii-u  in  out  coot- 
munltv  who  are  to  dcflitute  of  patriotism  and  lore  of  counlry  ita  to  luu£h  over  its 
dawnfall.    StAmct  Shame! 

3nch  men  were  very  few,  and  were  speedily  bomo  down  by  the  in- 
tense loyalty  vrliich  biased  forth  at  the  county  sent  and  at  almost  every 
«thor  place  in  the  county.  A  mass  meeting  of  the  oitiiena  was  called  to 
be  belli  at  the  court  house  on  Bnturtky,  April  20,  to  conaitler  what  should 
be  done  by  the  county  to  meet  the  emergency.  Apparently  tlie  citinens 
were  unable  to  wait  until  Saturday,  the  20ch  of  April,  before  holding 
their  meeting  at  the  court  house,  for  on  the  evening  of  the  18th,  pursuant 
to  a  few  hours'  notice,  a  largo  assemblage  gathered  at  the  court  house. 
P.  S.  Parks  was  made  Chairman.  Upon  taking  the  chair,  he  made  a 
rousing  speooh,  declarin;^  that  it  wim  the  duty  of  all  but  traitors  to  stand 
by  the  old  flag — that  all  party  prejudice  should  be  rcntmnced,  and  that 
the  Constitution  and  Union  must  be  mnintained.  His  remarks  had  a 
wonderful  effect  upon  his  audience,  and  were  greeted  with  ttimultuous 
cheers.  P.  M.  Blankenship  was  called  out,  and  spoke  encouragingly 
to  those  who  desired  to  volunteer  in  the  impending  cri-iis,  and  hoped  that 
a  general  war  mi^ht  be  averted.  Rev.  W.  C.  Smith  was  next  called  to 
the  ptand,  and  elcctrTfied  his  audience  with  hia  brilliant  eulogy  of  the 
*^  Stars  and  stripes."  and  his  oIa<|uent  utterances  in  favor  of  unfaltering 
loyalty.  Ha  denounced  the  traitors  with  the  keenest  invective  and  most 
searching  analysis  and  logic.  O.  R.  Daugherty  was  then  called  out. 
He  said  he  did  not  support  the  administration,  nor  the  causes  that  brought 

niaroitr  of  jioroan  cou>m". 


on  tbe  war.  He  «u  for  hia  uoiititrv.  ri;;ht  or  wrong,  kriI  knew  no  othei' 
flu  Uiao  the  ators  and  atripea.  Tbe  committee  that  h«<)  been  appointed 
10  araft  a  «erie«  of  reaohitioiis  expressire  of  the  sense  of  the  meoiing  (W. 
J.  Mauker,  J.  K.  Sootl,  J.  W,  FerguMo.  Joba  Willinms  and  John  H. 
Thoroburg),  then  reported  a»  folloirfl  : 

Whkbxak.  Wc  tiarc  Icunicd  vritb  Borroyr  ami  n-gret  tUat  n  icbcUious  fuc-ilon  1u 
Somli  C'finJlna  hu  WAaioalT,  iusultiegly  tad  intitoroiuly  di-ctraycil  Atucricua  prop- 
trtj".  kllkd  American  M>ldj«n.  and  outragod  ihc  AntoricnD  flag,  and  all  thU,  too, 
upon  «oil  betODgiof  U>  the  faderal  Oororament:  Uutrx-fMrr 

Snotmi,  Tlial  wf.  i)ii>  people  fit  Mn'r^-nn  Coutiiy.  Intl..  in  m*a  conTontlon  ai- 
aenUed.  ben-li^  ili-miumr-  sucii  ik-Hou  tL-  iln-  raiiktit  in-a.tnii.  kiuIhucIi  nt'tora  na  tbe 
HImt  tnillorv.  in  L-ompariiun  milli  wbuia  Benedict  AtuoIiI  and  Aaron  Butt  dnklsto 
un«r  iuMf^nitlcanrv. 

SstolMd.  Tb&t  in  ibU  crisb.  forcod  upon  ua  by  Soat)i«rn  traitor*,  we  for^l  and 
bur>'  amid  ll)e  nliva  of  ttie  piial.  all  political  feeling  and  ]irHiiille«(.  nitd,  rallying 
around  our  own  tlm^ -tioDured  and  Itloodsinlued  l>niini;r.  wi-  know  htil  one  watch- 
word— "Our  oountrr.  rlglil  or  wrong. ■" 

Suaiwti,  Tbat  we  deeply  ayiapathixe  villi  llic  President  nt  tlie  United  States 
aad  tba  GAvernor  of  tbe  Stnt^,  und  tbeir  coiwljutors  in  thl*  trying  cHjms.  and  hereby 
pledge  them  not  only  the  Bympathy.  bnt  all  the  mBterlal  aid  (h^t  we  ean  pxtond  ib 
trerr  effart  they  may  mskc  to  tnninlain  the  honor  af  our  flag  anii  the  intefpity  ot 
oor  CiCTfromcni. 

On  noiion  each  resolution  woa  submitted  ee^paraiely  to  tbe  osacmbUeo 
for  adoption  or  rejection.  A  motion  wan  made  lo  strike  out  from  lue 
iMond  resolution  the  words,  "forced  upon  ua  by  Southern  traitors,"  but 
bb  (Qotion  was  earnestly  opposed  by  Meegrs.  Parks.  Manker  and  Smith, 
ud  inpported  by  himself  and  Mr.  Cunniag.  A  slra&gor  present  apoke 
eloqneatly  in  fftvor  of  rejecting  the  motion  to  strike  out.  He  suid  there 
were  but  two  flags — the  stare  and  stripes  and  the  palmetto — and  that  one 
or  tbe  other  mu«t  be  chosen.  The  motion  to  Htrike  out  nan  tinnlly  lost, 
but  It  incited  considerable  ill-feeling  at  tbe  time.  The  t^olutions  were 
then  wrerally  adopted.  The  meeting  was  well  attended,  and  an  unwaver- 
ing loTalty  prevailed.  The  meeting  then  ndjoumod,  to  meet  again  on 
Saturday  night,  as  had  been  advertised. 

A  verv  large  crowd  n^embled.  atid  J.  J.  Johnston  nas  called  to  the 
chur.  Iio  delivered  a  loyal  and  eiiMjaent  speech.  He  said  it  had  been 
remurked  by  tbe  enemies  of  the  country  nt  home  that  Morgan  County 
would  not  respond  to  the  call  of  the  Governor  for  troops,  but  that  the 
praMDt  domnnHtration  and  the  voluntcors  before  him  proved  the  assertion 
WM.  \\k  announced  that  the  roluntt-cr  company  numbercl  eighty-four. 
am)  tbat  additional  nutned  were  coii<it!incly  being  added  to  the  enll^tmeni 
loil.  lie  was  follnwed  by  W.  J,  Manker  and  Kev.  J.  S.  Woods,  both  of 
whom  dfljivered  eloquent  ^peecbeB  of  great  power  and  loyalty.  A  plan 
for  a  home  guard  waa  then  presented,  providing  for  ibt-  support  of  the 
families  of  volunteers,  for  the  orgnnization  of  home  militia  to  be  in  readt- 
oeaa  for  any  peril  to  the  county,  Hlute  or  natinn.  and  calling  upon  nil  the 
ln«naliips  for  co-operation  and  a.<(siHtance.  The  plan  or  rpsolntion  was 
unanimuuf^ly  adopted,  and  a  subscription  of  872  for  the  volunleers  was 
taken  from  the  citizens  of  Martinsville,  and  $23  from  the  citiiens  of 
Morgantowo.  W,  J,  Manker  and  W.  C.  Smith,  of  Martinaville,  were 
ap|K)inleil  a  committee  to  procure  blankets  for  the  company,  und  Jacob 
Adams  and  William  Peeler  were  appointed  to  do  the  same  at  ^lorgan- 
to«n.  ,Al  this  juncture  of  the  meetin;^,  J.  K.  Scolt.  Captain  of  the  coro- 
panr,  arriveil  from  Indianapolis  and  announced  that   the  oompany  had 



bten  accepted  bv  the  Govemir,  nml  would  ronrch  nt  it  o'clock  on  Monday 
morning  fur  Cuiup  Murtuit,  ludiaiitipolis.  Tliu  euttiudiaaiu  immediately 
became  intense,  many  more  Toluoteered,  and  more  than  twenty  turiners 
volunteered  wagons  to  haul  the  boya  to  the  capital.  The  meeting  ail- 
journed,  to  meet  again  the  following  Wednesday  night. 


The  citizens  of  Monrovia,  soon  af^r  the  receipt  of  the  news  of  tbe 
fell  of  Fort  Sumter,  organized  a  military  oompniiy  and  elected  Mr.  Fos- 
ter Captain;  but.  iBarning  that  the  company  would  probably  not  be  re- 
ceived bv  the  Governor,  eoon  disbanded.  On  the  ll'th  of  April,  at  1 
o'clock  P.  M..  a  big  war  meeting  wa.<i  held  at  Morgantowa.  J.  R.  Cnl- 
bertaoft  was  chosen  Chairman,  and  J.  M.  Ragsdale,  Secretary.  Eloqueat 
speeches  were  made  by  P.  S.  Parks,  Judge  Grij^gs  and  Col.  John 
Vawtcr.  The  meeting  waa  vcrv  cnthusiustic.  and  the  speakers  were 
constantly  interrupted  by  tremendous  cheers.  The  following  reeolutioD 
vas  adopted : 

B«tolvtd.  ThMt  wo  arc  ilcvoU'dljr  utIucliL-d  to  our  Bag  unil  Oc  rvruiuent.  and  that 
we  heitrtily  recpond  to  Ihc  reqiiiiitioD  of  tlid  Prenident  of  llie  Uiiitetj  Stale*  aad  the 
Governor  of  Hits  StaW  (or  troop*  for  the  mulntcnance  of  the  honor  of  our  flag  and 
the  Integrity  of  our  Ooveniiaesl. 

A  rousing  meeting  was  also  held  at  Mooreaville,  and  great  loyalty 
mw  manifested  by  tbe  members  of  ull  parties.  The  first  men  to  leave 
the  county  to  enter  the  service,  so  far  as  known,  went  from  tbe  neighbor- 
hood south  of  MoorcBville.  TheRo  men  were  W.  H.  Drydcn,  John  T. 
Harvey,  Nathan  Summers.  Thomas  Bmdy,  Thomas  F.  Dryden  and  Rob- 
ert B.  Gilbert.  They  reached  Indinnapotis  on  the  forenoon  of  the  17th| 
and  in  the  afternoon  were  joined  by  mnny  others  from  Morgan  County 
ADxioud  for  a  position  in  some  regiment.  The  men  mentioned  were  as- 
signed to  the  Fifteentb  Regiment,  three  years'  service,  and  were  credited 
to  Montgomery  County.  They  were  not  the  first  in  the  Bcrvice  from 
the  county.     Who  were  19  difficult  to  state. 

The  issue  of  the  Gazette  of  April  24  contained  the  following : 


A  rompanr  of  voIunUTni  ovpr  180  nuansc  Ml  ibia  plare  on  Monrtar  mornlag 
taat  for  Camp  Murton,  InJinnnpolju.  Ttipv  were  commandtd  liy  J.  K.  Scolt,  Cap- 
lain  ;  Cbnrk-s  Dny,  f""'  l-itulcniuil,  mid  T.  F.  Oruc-r.  Bccood  LUuitiiiiiit.  l*tt;viouB 
to  their  dt-pnrturo,  11  pAtriotlc  iiiid  nffcctin;-  u<Idr«fii)  wa«  ma(1«  to  them  by  Rev.  W. 
C.  Smith.  Aimiiifr  the  vast  throng  aasienilded  to  see  the  Toluate«r8  depart,  we  do 
notbelievi'  thnt  11  !<iiiif!e  dry  eye  exmid  havi?  Iteen  found  during;  the  delivery  of  that 
speech.  We  cati  nay  this  mmb  for  tlie  Mtitgnii  f  oiiiity  boyw:  A  braver  nnd  moro 
determined  eel  of  men  never  weni  fi>rl5i  to  tticv  an  enemy.  We  feel  confident  that 
in  whatever  positiou  Lhey  may  be  placed  Cupt.  Scott  and  bis  command  will  givo  a 
cradJtable  account  o(  thcmaelves. 

The  same  issue  contained  the  following: 

The  Uoiun  feelinx  is  on  the  lucrcaao.  Wiibhm  few  except  I  ona,  Morjian  Coauly 
is  sound  for  the  Union,  for  a  week  past  our  town  ha»  htn-n  profusely  dcfumied 
with  ilie  Blare  and  stripce.  and  our  psireotn  enliveiiod  by  ilic  mnind  of  flfo  and  dnim. 
A  larat'  volwnW'er  fnrce  has  Iteen  rniecd,  and  wo  have  plenty  of  mntcriat  to  form 
anotlwr  nhoulil  it  ho  ihkIccI,  Men  who  were  open  djsumuniittii  h  week  a^o,  are  now 
ready  to  defend  (tit  Uaifjo. 

Also  the  following  in  the  same  issue: 



On  SuadAr  InM.  over  $100  was  made  up  In  this  lowii.  for  the  pucpoaa  of  uol- 
tnrmlDji  aoil  n|tilp|ting  tbo  oAcera  of  ihe  Morgan  Couttly  Volunteen.  ^da  wu 
4w  to  tLe  tjmtKJ  an*!  perMreraace  of  one  ot  t*ro  of  our  cilizeos. 

In  this  isaue.  also,  was  a  lengthy  edicorifti,  reviewing  the  position 

taken  by  the  Morgan  County  Clarion.     It  9e«ma  that  the   latter  had 

inarted  that  "any  Stat«  faaH  the  richt  to  secede  from  the  tjDion."  lliat 

it  (the  Clarion)  would  "  not  ruise  a  hand  iii  hostility  aj^inst  ita  Soutberu 

brethren,"  that  the  pending  crisis  nas  a  "sectional  var,"  and  that  the 

rolnnteera  were  "  disseminatora   of  abolitionism  trying  to  destroy  the 

eoQQtry."     The  Gazette  proceeded  to  administer  a  severe  i^buke  to  the 

darion  for  ita  allef;ed  treasonable  and  disloyal  atteraccea.     The  article 

waa  long  an^  bitter. 


Another  immense  war  meeting  waa  held  at  the  court  house  on  the 
evening  of  the  24th  of  April,  to  mak^  arrangements  to  provide  Caut. 
Scott's  coiopany  with  unifortne,  and  to  raise  funds  for  th«  support  of  the 
familie*  of  rolunteem.  Rev.  W.  C.  Smith  was  called  to  the  chair,  and 
P.  M.  Parka  was  appointed  Secretary.  A  resolution  was  presented  by 
Jackson  Keoord,  and  adopted,  asking  (he  County  Commissioners  to  do* 
Date  means  from  the  county  treasury  to  uniform  the  volunteers  and  pro- 
ride  soldiers'  familiea  witli  necessaries.  ArrungctncDts  were  made  to 
Hcare  a  luso  Hrom  the  citizens  with  the  above  mentioned  objecta  in  view, 
until  the  County  Board  could  he  prcriuled  upon  to  apprnpriate  the  needed 
amount  from  the  county  treasury.  The  meeting  was  very  onthu»iastic, 
and  8165  was  raised.  8100  of  which  was  sent  to  Capt.  Soott's  company, 
and  the  balance  retained  for  voluniceTs'  families. 

On  the  aame  evening  of  this  meeting,  a  rousing  one  was  held  at 
Morgantown  by  the  citizens  of  that  vicinity,  and  many  from  Brown  and 
Johnson  Counticn.  William  Fealer  was  Chairman,  and  J.  M.  Kagsdale, 
Seervtary.  A  long  scries  of  patriotic  renolutions  was  adopted.  Speeches 
were  nude  by  T.  D.  Calvin,  of  Brown  County,  and  S.  O.  W.  Garret,  of 
Jobnaoo  County.  A  company  of  sevonty-Gve  men  was  enrolled  amid 
the  music  of  fife  and  dnim,  and  the  checra  of  the  vast  audience.  The 
company  was  named  the  "Mnrgnntuwn  Military  Home  Guard."  The 
gr«Cetit  loyalty  was  manifested  at  this  meeting.  Patriotic  war  meetings 
were  hiild  about  this  time  at  Mooresville  and  in  Gregg,  Adams  and  other 
townships,  but  as  the  details  were  uot  recorded  they  cannot  bo  given  here. 
A  aecond  company  began  to  form  at  Marliosville  about  this  time,  and  in 
other  portions  of  the  county.  Home  Guards  were  organised.  Loyal 
meniDga  were  held  everywhere.  Schoolhouses  and  churches  were  thus 
oeeupied,  and  ministers  stepped  aside  from  their  high  calling  to  denounce 
the  eoane  of  the  South  and  encourage  the  enlistment  of  volunteers, 

nouB  acAJiDS. 
Early  in  May,  the  company  of  Homo  Guards  at  Martinsville  was  fully 
organised,  and  the  necesaary  ofBccrs  were  elected.  A  small  company 
«u  formed  at  Howell's  Schoolhouse  on  the  4th  of  May.  and  the  follow- 
ini  oflcers  were  elected:  Madison  Avery,  Captain;  llugb  McElravy. 
Finrt  Lieutenant.  John  W.  Payne  was  Preaidcnt  of  the  meeting,  and 
G.  ff.  MbII,  Secretary. 



On  the  Ist  of  Mxy,  a  big  wa.r  meeting  was  held  in  Indian  Creek 
Bottom  at  the  s«hoothou»c  iiour  Widow  Long's.  The  prasiding  officers 
were  John  Bnckner,  Chainnau,  and  JaroeH  Maxwell,  Jr.,  Secretary.  A 
long  series  of  loyii)  resohitions  was  adopted'  Eiirlj  in  May.  an  attempt 
was  made  to  hang  n  citizen  of  the  connty  for  boMlj  and  publicly  express- 
iii|;  decided  disloyal  scnliuicnce.  He  hud  come  to  the  county  se&t  to 
trade,  but  lefl  town  very  hurriedly  irhen  tlireau  of  Ijncbinj^  seemed 
likely  to  be  carried  into  execution. 

The  (Gazette  of  June  ■"»  saiil : 


Wc  arc  pmphnticklly  a  wor-like  people.  Tbc  rolling  of  tlic  <lniia  nd  tiu  mtlaB 
of  Ibe  tif-  ari>  hvard  every  day.  A  l\ree  number  of  our  clllxcuii  etmgngUt 
BUJllarv  HlII  aluo«t  every  niftlii  and  go  tbrougb  tliu  exeiciiie  of  drllllnfi.  Eren  n» 
lltUe  gfrli  and  boy>  bave  cauglit  the  fever  and  mar  fiefiuentlr  ho  seen  mtin^hln^  sad 
couniermarchtng,  drummhig  upon  Un  panH  and  old  BlDve-pIjioo,  whiailins  nnd  ring- 
Lnit  nalioEinl  nim,  Qoiinnliitig  wooden  swonl*.  guns,  etc.      Vivt  Ut  tufttHi! 

It  seems  that  the  company  of  Home  Guards  at  MnrtinBvillc  had  a 
Becond  and  more  Batisfnctory  eUctioD  of  officers,  as  will  be  seen  from  the 
following,  which  appeared  ia  the  Gautte  of  June  1*2: 

MAnTi»8rir.LK  iiiirLes. 
TbiB  company,  orcaoizi^d  aoder  tb«  new  tsilitis  law.  wae  sworn  inlo  Ute  lervlce 
of  the  Slate  ou  t^jllunTay  aflcmoon  Ih»1.  Tlic  uulliwas  luJminlBtcrrd  by  Cnpt.  Ben- 
jamin Uaywan),  !n  front  of  Military  lliill,  otnl  furnished  quilt;  an  iuiprcHsiye  and 
Boieun  scene.  Tbo  followiDS  pertone  were  elected  olllccrs  ci  the  company.  Ebcneiwr 
Henderson,  Sr.,  Uaptain;  Tbomaa  MoitImd,  First  LicutvnnDi ',  Vf.  A.  S.  Milcbell, 
Second  Liotitennnt :  Witliam  Harrinou.  Orderly. 

The  Gazette  of  June  19  said: 

THS  HtLrriA. 

Four  compnnicn  of  niilitin  havi^  been  orninbed  in  Mnriran  County  tiodvlbe 
militia  I&w  at  Uk-  (ullowriuj;  y>\kv»  :  MartiaaviUc.  Mori^ntou-n.  Eminence  And  Oea< 
tettoa.  For  nn  out  of  the  war  county,  destitute  ot  railroad  and  telegraphic  fadll- 
tlea.  tbnt  will  do  preily  well. ' 

It  abould  be  remembored  that  the»c  eompaniea  were  militin,  but  early 
JD  June  the  Gazeiu  juyuusly  stated  that  Ambrose  Cunning  hud  been 
commisBioned  to  raise  a  company  fcr  the  war.  P.  S.  Parks  had  been 
commissioned  for  the  sarue  purpose  u  short  time  before,  but  meeting  with 
BJi  accident  whereby  his  leg  was  broken,  he  was  forced  to  gire  it  up. 
The  officers  of  the  Centerton  militia  company  were  Jacob  Hess,  Captain  ; 
Thomu  Grinstead,  First  Lieutenant;  CEaylon  Cox,  Second  Lieutenant. 
There  were  sixty  men  in  llie  company  about  the  Stii  of  June,  and  the 
company  drilled  every  Saturday  on  the  Fair  Ground.  The  men  were 
sworn  into  Stale  service  June  8.  The  Morgantown  militia  company  was 
officered  as  follows:  J.  J.  Johnston,  Captain;  J.  R.  Culbertnon,  First 
Lieutenant:  John  R.  Fesler,  Second  Lieutenant:  J.  K.  CofTman,  Orderly. 
Col-  John  Vawter  swore  the  company,  numbering  fiftv-twu  men,  into  the 
State  service  before  June  It^.  On  Saturd&y,  June  2!i,  the  beautiful  cer- 
emony of  presenting  the  comivany  a  tla;^,  by  llie  ladies  of  Morgantown, 
was  enjoyed  by  that  portion  of  the  county. 

On  the  last  day  of  July,  ii  was  stated  that  four  companies  were  being 
organizci  in  the  county  for  the  war,  to  wit :  The  one  at  Martinsville, 
under  Capt.  A.  I>.  Cunning;  one    iu   Baker  Township,  commanded  by 



■pt.    James   E.    Burtou;  the   ooe   at    Morgantown,  under  Capt.  J.  J. 
'JotinBton,  and  the  miliua  cotDpanj  at   Mnrtinsrillo,  under   Cspt.  A.  S. 
GriggH,  which  had  not  yet  decided  to  enter  the  United  States  servioe. 

OPT.  soott'b  compakt. 
Thia  ooiDpaa^  was  the  onlj  one  from  the  county  in  the  three  months' 
service.  It  wasaasigned  to  the  Seventh  lie^itneut,  and  became  Company 
K,  and  on  the  2&th  of  May  was  ordered  intn  Western  Virginia  with  its 
regim«Dt.  which  waa  oomcnaDded  b;  Col.  EbeneEer  Dumont,  who  had 
scrfeH  id  the  Mexican  war.  The  compauv  participaietl  iu  the  action  at 
Philljppi,  being  in  the  advance,  and  about  six  wovks  Inter  in  the  skinntsh 
at  Beatington,  and  in  all  the  marches,  reconnoissunces,  pursuits,  etc..  in- 
vading the  charge  at  Carrick's  Ford,  aod  the  subseqaent  pursuit  of  the 
eoemy.  The  latter  part  of  Jul;  the  regiment  was  ordered  to  tndianup- 
olis  for  muster  out.  On  the  2Tth,  the  company  of  Capt.  Scott  reached 
Martiaaville.  On  their  wajr.  the;  had  stopped  at  Mooreaville,  where  a 
■plendid  reception  was  given  them,  and  whore  the;  were  feasted  and 
toaated  with  all  the  pomp  and  ceremony  of  war.  As  they  neared  Mar- 
.  tinsnite,  they  were  mot  by  the  entire  town,  led  by  the  band,  and  such  a 
joyoas  time  waa  never  before  witnessed  at  the  county  seat.  How  nobl« 
the  boye  looke<l  in  their  bright  blue  uniforms,  and  with  what  wonderful 
precision  they  moved  along  lo  the  slirring  sound  of  fife  and  drum.  And 
what  a  glorious  time  they  all  had  at  the  Thainx)!  Hou»ie.  where  an  elegant 
and  Bumptuous  nupper  n ad  been  prepared  for  them.  Triumphal  arches 
had  beflD  spanned  over  the  streets,  on  which  wore  the  names  of  ongage- 
ucDti  participated  in  by  the  company,  and  over  and  around  which  were 
bung  garlands  of  evergreen  and  oummer  flowers,  and  many  a  banner  of 
red.  white  and  blue.  An  eloquent  welcoming  address  was  delivered  by 
ilev.  Smith,  and  rexponded  to  by  numerous  membem  of  the  company, 
who  gave  an  account  of  the  wild  scenea  of  active  war  in  Virginia,  and 
eihtbitad  numoroits  trophies  of  their  victories.  But  one  of  tho  company  I 
had  died  in  the  service.  John  McDanicl,  who  had  died  a  natural  death  In 
Virginia.  The  feetirities  were  carried  far  into  the  night,  and  were  greatly 


Almost  all  the  early  regiments  coDtained  men  flrom  Morgan  County. 
Tb*  second  company  to  enter  the  service  was  commanded  by  Capt.  Jacob 
Xlem,  and  was  raised  and  organized  at  Cenlerton  and  vicinity.  Thoy 
wef«  tnustered  into  lh«  service  July  24,  and  were  given  a  public  farewell 
maetiog  by  their  friends  just  before  their  departure  for  Inaiaoapoli^,  A 
eomiDiltcc,  consisting  of  Misses  Jennie  Major,  Mary  MeCrackon,  Eliza 
Maoker  and  others  had  been  appointed  to  secure  donations  of  money  to 
procurd  a  flag  for  the  compaay.  They  reported  that  $55.66  had  been 
rscaived,  of  which  all  hut  q15.66  had  been  used  in  purchasing  material, 
eie.  Tli«  mtgni&oeut  silk  flag,  which  had  been  made  by  the  &ir  bands 
of  the  commiite«,  was  presented  to  th^  company  with  appropriate  cers- 
Bxmy,  The  men  became  Company  K,  of  the  Twonly-firiit  Uogimoat,  three 
yean'  service.  Company  B  of  the  same  regiment,  which  was  organized 
•I  Oosport.  contained  about  twenty  men  from  the  county.  JtiTy  and 
AngBst  saw  lively  times  in  the  county.     Lieut.  T.  F.  Orner  and  W.  J 



Mankcr  began  to  recruit  men  to  fill  up  the  old  compnuT  of  Capt.  Scott 
for  lltu  ilirtf  voara'  aurvicc.  C»pl.  Griggs  wm  steadily  enlisting  men  at 
Martinsville,  luid  Capt.  Baron  was  doing  likewise  in  Baker  Township 
and  ricinity.  Cnpt.  WellmBn  was  raising  a  company  in  the  Qortliem 
pari  of  the  county.  Cnpt.  Cunnin?  was  also  at  work  at  Martinsville 
and  vicinity.  War  meetings  were  held  everywhere  as  a  stimulus  to  obtain 
TOlnntoers.  Eloqaenc  speakers  and  thrilling  martial  bands  would  stir  up 
the  blood,  and  beautiful  ladies  with  bewitching  ttmilcs  would  pa&s  round 
the  fatal  enlistment  roll.  The  whole  county  was  alire  with  military  prep- 
aratjons.  Late  in  July,  the  citizens  of  Gregg  Township  and  vicinity  or- 
s«nix«d  a  oompany  of  home  guards,  conmsting  wholly  of  old  men  exempt 
from  military  servioo.  being  over  fony-Gvo  years  of  age.  The  company 
nombered  forty-two.  Ooo-lialf  of  Company  E,  Twenty-sixth  Regiment^ 
vaa  raised  in  the  northern  part  of  the  county,  and  finally  mustcrvl  into 
the  service  August  SO,  It  was  raised  largely  by  Capt.  Lewis  Manker. 
On  the  19th  of  August.  Oapt.  J.  J.  Johnston's  company  lefi  for  Indian- 
apolis, but  was  not  tnnsiered  in  until  September  12.  It  became  Com- 
pany G  of  the  Twonly-s*^'vcntli  Regiment,  three  years'  service.  On  the 
7lh  of  September,  Capt.  Johnston  was  commiesioncd  Surgeon  of  the  regi- 
ment, and  John  K.  Kesler  succeeded  him  in  command  of  Company  Q. 
The  men  raised  in  the  northern  part  of  the  county  by  Capt.  Wellman  and 
others  became  Company  A,  of  the  Thirty-third  Regiment.  They  were 
mustered  into  the  service  at  Indianapolis  September  16.  In  the  latter 
part  of  August,  whoa  tbcv  left  the  county,  a  number  of  disloyal  citiEena 
in  the  vicinity  of  Hal!  fefied  trees  acrosa  the  road  over  which  they  would 
liave  to  march.  buiU  fences  acroas  the  same,  tore  up  bridges,  etc.,  to  ob- 
struct their  march  and  testify  nf  the  ill-will  of  such  citizens.  Company 
C  of  this  regiment  was  wholly  from  the  county.  This  was  the  successor 
of  Capt.  Scott's  old  company.  It  was  thought  that  W.  J.  Manker  would 
be  Captain,  but  a.«  he  was  appointed  Major  of  the  same  regiment,  Charles 
Day  succeeded  him  as  commander  of  Company  C.  About  half  of  Com- 
pany E,  of  the  Thirty- third,  was  raised  in  the  county  by  W.  A.  WhitsoD, 
Dr.  Whiteker  and  others.  The  greater  portion  of  Company  H,  of  the 
Thirty<chird,  was  also  from  Morgan  County,  the  remainder  being  from 
GoBport.  This  was  the  company  of  Capt.  Burton.  Company  C  was 
mustered  in  on  the  18th  of  September.  Company  E  on  the  Slat  of  Sep- 
tember, and  Company  II  on  the  ItSth  of  Sepierober.  There  were  thus 
in  the  ThirtV'third  Regiment  at  the  time  of  muster-in  abont  three  and  a 
half  companies  from  Morgan  County.  Several  had  left  the  county  and 
joined  oUier  regiments. 

On  the  24lh  of  August,  a  very  large  Union  war  meeting  was  held  at 
MartiuHville  to  raise  volunteers  for  the  war.  A  large  crowd  a<^eBmbled 
to  listen  to  the  speeches  and  to  participate  in  the  event.  The  orators 
were  3.  H.  Buskirk,  Rev.  llamed.  Rev.  Lester,  P.  M.  Ttlfinkenship,  J. 
E.  Burton,  W.  J.  Manker,  P.  S.  Parks  aad  others.  The  greatusl  mili- 
tary fervor  and  lovalty  prevailed.  Many  volanteem  were  secured  for  the 
companies  then  being  organized.  This  was  but  n  Rample  of  the  meetings 
held  throughout  the  county.     When  ttio  company  nised  largely  by  W. 



J.  Huiker  vai  eomnokoded  by  Cant.  Charles  Da^r  lel^  Ma-rtintrillfl,  th« 
eertmoay  of  preaeDtiag  tlie  bojs  witli  the  same  silk  baDncr  wbicli  C&pt. 
Soou's  compuiv  in  the  three  months'  service  ba«l  carried  through  uie 
aiQipwgn  in  Western  Virginin,  viaa  enjoyed  amid  impooing  ceremoDies. 
The  banner  bad  been  bought  bv  Capt.  Scott  for  that  purpone,  and  the 
predentatioQ  speech  vas  delivered  bj  0.  R.  Paugherty,  and  re»p'jnded  to 
bjT  Capt.  Dajr.  Both  speeches  were  loyal,  eloquent,  and  a  credit  to  the 
dtitoDS  and  the  company.  No  sooner  woa  the  company  rcudy  than  the 
boys  were  loaded  into  twenty  or  more  wagons,  and  conreyed'  amid  the 
nttle  of  drums  and  the  cheers  of  tho  populace  to  the  State  capital.  This 
nao  true  of  all  the  companies  and  recruita.  aH  the  county  had  no  railroad 
then  running.  It  was  the  most  stirrinc;  time  the  county  ever  saw,  before 
or  since,  aa  the  patriotic  impulse  wa»  fresh  then  in  the  breasts  of  all,  and 
•xtreme  pariitan  bitterness  had  not  yot  crept  in  with  its  disloyal  madneae 
and  delirium.     The  GazetU  of  September  18  aald  : 

Uersui  Coualj  bu  raucd  and  Knt  out  eUht  oompBnies  to  aid  in  putting  down 
Ik*  r«b*Uloa.  The  Cttpulns  and  tho  ri^gimtMitii  to  which  ihov  bdong  ue  as  follows: 
Out-  Heaa.  of  tbe  Twenij-flnt;  C»pt.  LcnU  Manker.  of  tW  Tweoty-slxtb;  CapL 
JoDDflloo.  of  the  Tweaty-wvcnth ,  mid  Capu.  T.  J.  WellDiso.  Charles  Da;,  J.  E. 
Bortoo  and  Wbitaon.  of  U)c  Trilrty'third;  alto  Capt.  Scott,  of  tho  Scvcotb.  In  tbe 
Uirae  months'  senrlce.  In  addition  to  tlib.  our  coiialy  han  a  lar^  number  of  met) 
dbtril>at«d  In  the  Tarioui  [ndinoa  rtitioii-nt».  aomu  in  the  zouavoB,  otbm  inarlilleiy 
MDipaBlAi,  etc  Two  of  our  companiei  ure  io  acttv«  wrvioc,  that  of  Capt.  Hesa  ui 
Uaf7la&d.  and  ihatof  Capt.  LouU  Hanker  In  Miaaourt.  The  remaining  companies, 
aiopt  that  of  Capt.  Scott,  are  In  camp  al  IndlanapoUs. 

It  should  be  remetnbered  that  two  of  these  companios  hail  been  only 
partly  raised  in  Morgan  County,  but  enough  bad  \tU  for  the  war  in  other 
regimenta  to  nise  the  number  tip  to  about  the  figures  of  the  editor. 
This  was  c«rtdiDty  an  excellent  showing,  for  which  the  county  may  be 
jofltly  proud.  But  the  work  was  scarcely  over  with  the  above  compauies 
Wore  Capte.  Scott  and  Cunning  and  Lieut.  Omer  began  raising  more 
volunteers  to  form  a  new  company.  They  were  assistea  by  P.  S.  Parks. 
Capt.  Ilayward  and  others-  Owing  to  a  political  controversy  in  the 
eouQty.  Mr.  Parka,  about  the  middle  of  October,  challenged  A.  B.  Con> 
ioitt,  J.  C.  Henderson,  0.  R.  Daugherty  and  U.  T.  Craig  to  stump  the 
MHinty  foi  Tolnnteers,  each  man  to  pay  his  own  eipenses.  For  some 
r«Mon  the  challenge  was  not  accented.  Thirty-five  men  had  been  secured 
by  the  middle  of  November.  This  company  was  designed  for  the  Fifty- 
ninth  Regiment  which  was  being  rendezvoused  ac  Gosport.  The  enlist- 
ment nf  the  regiment  continued  sluwly  during  the  wintpr  months.  In 
February,  1862,  various  public  meetiags  were  held  in  the  county,  indors- 
ing the  action  of  the  United  States  Senate  in  expelling  Jesse  D.  Bright 
from  that  body  for  disloyalty,  etc.  On  the  11th  of  F*bruary,  1862.  tho 
Fifty-ninth  Regimen;  was  mustered  into  the  service.  About  half  of  Com- 
pany B  was  from  Morgan  County,  and  nearly  as  many  more  men  were 
■catlerod  through  other  companies,  notably  Company  I. 

Bnt  little  effort  was  made  during  the  first  half  of  the  year  1^62  to 
niae  volanteers  for  the  war.  The  county  had  filled  hor  riuota  under  all 
etlb.  and  had  aenrplus  to  her  cre<lit.  During  those  months,  the  county 
in  order  to  systc-matise  future  onliBtmenta  of  men,  elected  the  following 
County  Military  Oomiaittfe:  W.  B.  Taylor,  Washington  Township; 
JaiDM   Pmtt,  Jackson  ;  John  Williams,   Qreen  ;  Cyrus  WhelicU,  Harri- 



son ;  Allen  Hecklin,  Madison ;  V.  Butterfield.  Clajr ;  John  Tliornbni^, 
BrowD ;  Uriah  Sallnrd.  MoQro« ;  Isane  Rattiff.  Adama ;  G.  W.  Wellman, 
Oregg  ;  Philip  Hoclgea,  Raj  ;  Joffersoa  Farr,  Baker. 

THE  POURTH  OF  JDLY,  1862. 
Extensive  preparations  bud  been  made  to  celebrate  Ind«pendeQce  Day, 
and  early  in  the  morning  the  crowd  began  to  arrive.  Long  proctssions 
of  wagons,  carringcs  and  dust-begrimed  pedeatrianu  came  trooping  in 
under  tbe  command  of  a  Marelial,  led  by  one  or  more  bands  of  martial 
music,  and  gaily  decorated  with  bright  flowers  and  national  colors,  and 
ornamented  vitb  the  beautiful  holiday  upparul  of  summer.  By  9  o'clock 
in  the  morning,  the  streets  of  the  county  seat  were  Burging  with  the  ro«t- 
less  waves  of  patriotic  humanity,  while  abore  the  Babel  of  tongues  arose 
the  abrill  Bound  of  many  lifes  and  the  deep  roll  of  many  dnimg.  The 
omnipresent  small  boy  was  out  <«  maate,  with  nil  hia  torturing  sounda  and 
doleful  crteiii,  filling  the  bright  morning  with  drn  and  smoke.  A  huge 
Sag  pole  had  been  erected  near  the  square,  from  which  a  magnificent 
banner  wared  proudly  in  the  sunny  nky.  Several  wagonsi  drawn  hv 
four  horses  came  in  from  the  country,  loaded  with  young  ladies  dressed 
in  white  and  decorated  with  red  and  blue,  and  ornamented  with  wreatJis 
ofroees  and  sweet  smiles.  At  10  o'clock  all  the  frogmcnte  were  united 
into  one  grand  procession,  more  than  a  mile  in  length,  and  were  marched 
out  to  Mitchells  Grove,  where  thfl  ceromonioe  of  the  day  were  to  be 
observed.  Prayer  was  offered  by  Benjamin  Sweet,  and  the  DoclaratJon 
of  Indcpondenoo  read  by  A.  S.  Griggs.  A  chosen  chorus  of  singers 
rendered  Belections  of  patriotic  mueic  for  the  occasion.  0.  K.  Daugberty, 
the  orator  of  the  forenoon,  delivered  an  eloquent  address  forty  minutes 
in  length.  Ilis  closing  words  were  :  '*  The  war  is  not  being  waged  upon 
the  part  cf  the  Governnient  for  the  purpose  of  conquest  or  subjugation, 
or  the  overthrow  of  or  interference  with  the  established  institutions  of 
any  of  the  Statos,  but  to  suppreaa  and  put  down  a  wicked  and  causelcM 
rebellion,  defend  and  maintain  the  supremacy  of  the  Constitution,  and 

J  reserve  the  Union  ss  eatabliahed  by  our  patriot  fathers,  with  all  the 
ignity,  equality  and  rights  of  the  several  States  unimpaired,  and  that 
when  these  objects  are  fully  accomplished,  and  not  before,  the  war 
should  cease."  A  bounteous  picnic  dinner  was  then  apread  out  under  the 
green  foli&go,  and  partaken  of  by  all  present.  Soldiers  were  present  in 
military  dress,  at  home  on  furlough  from  the  field  of  w..r,  and  were  lion* 
iied  by  young  and  old,  and  toasted  in  many  a  gta«a  of  lemonade  or  bev- 
erage of  greater  strength.  In  the  uftoniooii  the  asitemblage  waa  addressed 
by  Dr.  JT  J.  Wright  and  P.  S.  Parks,  both  of  whom  delivered  speeches 
of  unusual  loyalty  and  power.  At  their  conctasion  the  audience  dispersed 
to  their  homes,  except  the  young  people,  who  remained  to  dance  the  hoora 
of  the  night  away.     The  day  was  long  remembered. 


On  the  2d  of  July,  1862,  came  the  call    for  300,000  men,  and  the 

county  made  immediate  preparations  to  fill  her  quota.     Ezra  Ollcman, 

A.  D.  Cunning  and   Samuel  Harryman  were  commissioned  to  procur* 

volunteers  under  the  call,  and  immediately  began  active  work.     On  one 

H18T0BT   OP  MOROAH  OOONTr.  61 


occasion  in  tbc  (7a«rr<:  office,  in  order  to  induce  married  men  to  volunteer,  a 
ffabicription  of$235vrag  raised  in  one  evening  for  [fae  viires  tad  finnities  of 
Mch  men.  By  the  lut  daTs  of  Joij,  A.  D.  Cannine  reported  ilmt  he  hud 
secured  fiftjr  volunteeni.  These  men  were  de«ignM  for  the  Seventieth 
Regiment,  n&d  were  paid  $10  each  of  county  bounty  by  the  Board  of 
Comnitssionera.  Lewig  Mnnker  began  enlisting  men  for  the  Seventy- 
Biatb  Regiment.  War  meetings  were  a^in  held  in  all  portione'of  the 
eetinCT.  On  the  4th  of  August  cmne  another  call  for  800,000  men,  and 
the  efforts  to  raise  voluQte«r«  multiplied.  About  for^  nen  from  'Adatae 
Townahip  entered  >  companr  that  wu  raised  at  StitesTille.  The  men 
rccrDited  by  Ollemkn  cotereuthe  Seventieth  Regiment.  A  atnall  sijuad  of 
men  (about  thirty),  raised  by  Lieut.  SylTanus  Barnard,  entered  the  Fourth 
Caralr;  ^Seventy-seventh  Regiment.)  About  thirty-five  men  were  raised 
by  John  E.  Greer,  in  the  northern  purt  of  tlie  county  raosHy,  and  were 
urigned  to  the  Fifth  Cavalry.  About  one-third  of  Company  B,  of  the 
Sflvsoty- ninth  Regiment  vns  raised  by  Capt.  Lewis  Manker,  iind  all.  or 
IMtrljr  90.  of  Company  H  of  the  same  regiment,  w  from  Morgan 
ConDty,  tlie  Capuin  bcinK  Sanfonl  C.  Pruiii.  These  men  were  largely 
•cmredbyJudge  Griggs  and  Justice  Killinn.  Great  presaure  was  brouf^ht  to 
bear  upon  the  county  by  threats  of  the  approaching  draA,  and  the  interest 
equaled  that  of  July  and  August,  ll^Sl.  Capt.  Samuel  F.  Rooker  raised 
an  entire  company  at  Mooresville,  which  entered  the  Twelfth  iDfantry^ 
one  year's  service.  They  were  presented  a  befttitiful  flag  upon  their  de- 


On  this  day  one  of  the  largest  crowds  ever  in  Martinsville,  assembled 
to  tiaten  to  the  t^ech  of  Judge  Haghs.  Early  in  the  morning  the 
cititena  of  the  towu  bad  erected  u  tall  Sag-pole  from  which  a  magnificent 
banner  thirty  feet  in  length  was  suspended  by  Mrs.  Col.  Scott,  Mias  An- 
w  Deilz.  ^1iH■  Maria  Mitchell,  W^fs  Lou  Gwinn,  Mrs.  Kennedy  and 
Uiaa  Anun  Barnard.  As  this  beautiful  banner  caught  the  hreete  and 
snfnrled  its  rich  colors  in  the  momltig  sun.  the  assembled  crowd  burst 
into  a  chorus  of  tumultuous  cheers  at  the  grand  spectacle.  Perry  Blan- 
kvDidiip  mounted  a  dry  goods  box  and  eulogised  the  banner  as  an  emblem 
of  ibe  national  life  and  nonor.  He  was  followed  by  Williamson  Terrell 
aad  others.     Several  thausand  people  were  present.     At  10  o'clock,  the 

Croceaeion  was  marched  gayly  to  Mitchell's  Grove,  where  stands  and  seats 
ad  been  prepared.  As  Judge  Hughs  had  not  appeared,  the  crowd  was 
■ddresaed  by  O.  K.  Daugherty  and  Rev.  Smith.  Both  sponkera  were 
listened  to  with  close  attention.  About  B  o'clock  in  the  aftertioon  Judge 
Hughs  appMred,  and  delivered  a  fiery  speech  of  one  hour's  duration,  that 
Was  listened  to  by  the  large  crowd  and  applauded  to  the  echo.  The  en- 
ihoaiMiD  during  tbo  day  ran  to  fever  beat.  All  wore  filled  with  the  mili- 
tary spirit  of  the  hour,  and  enjoytil  all  features  of  the  occasion  with  the 
keeawt  relish.     The  issue  of  the  Qazttte  August  9,  said: 

Th*  nOtlaiy  fvrer  ot^vt  ran  m  liigb  tn  lliis  coutily  oe  U  does  at  tli«  prcacat 

The  (?autf«  of  August  16,  said: 

Var  meeiinn  are  all  ibo  rage  now.  and  Morsau  Countj  Is  aot  bMifod 
ths  tfmaa.    We  oefr  soy    oUitr    couaty    ia   Uu«   oi  005  vthcr  Slate  to  p.'t  up 


RldTORT  <ii 

mora  wa.r  ineclliiffs.  or  larg«r  or  morv  mithu^iutic  modUng?,  than  we  can 
in  Old  Morgitn.  Tli«  county  is  in  ofie  \i\nxe  of  t'xcit«in«al.  meuMngB  are  heM 
to  alinoat  crrrj  ndgbborliood.  oud  bcrr  in  Mnrliusvlllv  for  Itic  last  iwo  -weeks 
it  hift  Iweti  klmoat  ono  continunl  mcctinK-  It  lind  hcra  rnihrr  quEpc  for  B  iaj 
or  ivo.  wlioD  OQ  Pridnj  moraine  Pcm*  lllnukcnslup  (.amc  uuircbiBg  into  lowa  at 
thr  hpftdcf  ftprocMtlon  POQititla^  of  nliout  Uilrtj  vngOD*  tnA  ahout  flfiy  bor«(>- 
roan.  Mr.  BlnRk«n«bi|)  mmlc  a  «iirrlng  au<l  einqueul  tpevck  to  a  largo  crowd  io  the 
aflsniouD.  aiid  obUiuvd  nevi^ral  rucruiu  for  bis  company. 

The  eame  issue  contained  the  foUowiag  : 

Since  till'  a«\*  full  for  ilOO.OOO  vnluntecK.  llilit  cimntr  has  >i>iit  lo  camp  three 
full  compaaicO,  wliicli  art  otHcenid  an  follow*;  Pirul— Burclov  Johnioii,  Coptalu;  W 
E.  TanwT,  FlntLieutaniint;  S  K.  niirrvman,  Second  Lloutonanl.  Second— A.  D 
Cminlnjt.'Caplflin;  William  Hanlenbroofe,  First  Lieuccnaut.  WillU  Record,  Sevond 
Llciiu>aiii)[.  riilrd— S.  M.  Iloolcer,  Captain:  T.  X.  Peoplen.  KSr*l  Ufitiienaut;  Caiwl) 
Daj.  Second  Licuicaaal,  IVa  cumpnolcs  more  are  OTffnalzing.  and  will  Im  readj 
to  CO  Into  camp  next  yreck.  lu  adullion  to  tbia.  the  countr  kaa  furnished  forty  re- 
cnuU  for  Ihecaratrv  regiment,  and  sovctitf-Hrv  for  th«  infantry  companlea  la  ad- 

iaeent  coQDtleB,  mauing  na  axxrcgato  of  ovcrfiOO  mvn  und^r  th«<  Isle  voluBleer  levy. 
loigaa  more  than  fllle  ihu  bilT  Her  actual  quota  is  about  XM)  iddd  For  the  three 
mootbi*  srrrlce,  Iha  count;  funiiihed  atiotit  two  companies,  andlfor  lli«  lbre«  years' 
service  sevcti  companies.  Add  to  this  those  who  have  enlisted  singly  and  In  squads 
in  Tarioui  rcglnicDiB.aiul  wc  can  safdy  say  tUal  Morgan  Oounty  has  furnished  1.500 
men  for  tlis  suppression  of  the  rDbellion.  Our  voting  population  is  8,000.  If  any 
county  can  bent  us,  "  trot  it  out." 


This  draft  took  place,  not  bflcatifio  tlie  State  was  liehimi  tvith  her 

Juota-i.  or  beciLUAe  the  coantie.'i  were  behind,  but  waa  designed  to  comp«] 
islojal  or  indulent  tvwnabipa  to  do  their  sbare  in  farnishiiig  men  for  the 
war.  Morgan  County  hod  fumishod  more  than  her  Quola,  but  as  three 
towtifihips— Jackaon.  Green  and  Mndisoii — vrcro  bcbind,  the  draft  oc- 
curred on  the  date  above  given.  This  draft  was  ba«eJ  upon  the  following 
etntemeni.  which  was  made  out  on  the  UUh  of  September,  18t>2:  Total 
militia,  2.22-1;  total  votiintpers,  1,232;  total  exempts,  435;  total  con- 
acientiouel;  opposed  to  bearing  arms,  93 ;  totaE  volunteers  in  the  serriu, 
1,188  ;  twlal  subject  to  draft,  1,696.  The  draft,  or  conscript  oflScera,  of 
the  count;  were  as  follows :  W.  R.  Harrison  (wbo  wu  himself  drafted 
in  1864),  Commissioner;  James  Maxwell.  Jr.,  Marshal;  Benjamin  D. 
Blackstotie.  Surgeon.  The  draft  took  place  on  the  date  sta.tfld  in  the 
court  house,  and  w!is  quiet  and  nneventfnl.  In  Jacfc.toii,  twelve  were 
drafted;  in  Green  seven,  and  in  Madison  six.  All  the  drafted  reported, 
and  were  uken  to  Indianapolis  and  assigned  to  some  regiment.  Just 
before  this  draft,  the  following  tible  was  published  in  the  QazcCtt,  though 
whether  it  ij  official  cannot  he  staled  : 







Id  ib« 






!i^lco  and 














































































This  Uble  muse  not  b«  resardeil  tu  frefl  froTu  errors,  though    it  illus- 
tnxm  ftboat  the  eituntion  of  »e  county. 

BKLISTMKNTS    DrRfSd   TOE   \VINTER  OF   1862.68. 

Ditriog  the  winter  of  186ii-t]3  but  liiile  was  done  to  mise  volunteers. 
William  Gurley  recroUed  a  small  ftfjaad  for  Habb's  Battery  (the  Second) 
m  Fcbniarj  and  March,  1863.  In  May  and  June,  Capts.  Burton  and 
Beaton  and  Lieut.  Day  recruited  thirty  or  forty  men  for  the  Thirty.third 
Re^itnenC.  On  the  15th  of  June  came  the  coll  fur  lOO.C^OO  men  for  six 
months,  and  an  entire  couipnny  «»8  raised  in  the  northwestern  part  of 
ibe  coanty  and  asaiened  tn  the  One  Hundred  and  Seventeenth  Regiment. 
The  men  became  Comjmny  C.  with  A.  T.  Wellman,  Captain;  Jamee 
Po^h,  Fir^t  Lieutenant;  ^Villinm  McGinnis,  Second  Lieutenant.  At  an 
tmtnense  war  meeting,  hehl  at  Martinnville  Mdt  ?Z,  rjuite  a  nnmber  of 
reeruite  was  raised  for  various  regiments.  About  ihc  same  time,  meet* 
iBgs  of  a  aimilnr  character  vero  held  at  Mooreeville,  Monrovia,  Eminence, 
Morgantown,  Paragon  and  oUcwbcrc,  largo  crowila  being  present.  Capt. 
Johnston,  Dr.  Wright  and  other  spoalcera  entertained  the  audiences.  Much 
disloyalty  iraa  manifested  in  the  county  at  this  time,  an  account  of  which 
will  be  found  elsewhere.  In  July.  J.  G.  Mitchell  recruited  a  tqaad  for 
the  Serenth  Cavalry.  Several  other  recruiting  oflSoers  were  at  work 
abont  the  same  time,  amonj;  tbem  being  Capta.  Wellman  (mentioned 
above)  and  Goodhue,  who  obtained  men  for  the  six  months'  service. 

(iKN.  U0KUA»'S  HAID. 
At  no  time  during  the  progress  of  the  war  were  the  people  In  the 
MDlhem  half  of  Indiana  ao  thoroughly  roused  as  they  were  when  John 
Morgan  invaded  the  State  in  Jaly.  18tI3,  and  the  excitement  in  Morgan 
Conaiy  waa  fully  up  to  the  fever  of  the  hour.  Men  who  wore  opposed  to 
thecontinoanoe  of  the  war  were  no  sooner  apprised  of  the  inraniian  than 
ibey  immediately  tendered  their  services  to  repel  or  capture  the  daring 
«Q«iDj.  Seven  full  companies  wereorganixeil  in  an  incredibly  short  space 
of  time,  and  four  of  them — one  of  cavalry  and  three  of  infantry — marched 
rapidly  to  the  Stole  Capital  and  offered  iheir  services  to  tbc  Governor. 


'One  of  the  compunieii  raise*!  at  MartinHvillo,  wu  commanded  by  Cftpt. 
Sylvanus  Barnard.  Thecomp»ny  raie«d  iti  Jelferion  Township  wu  com- 
luaniled  by  Capt.  William  Nicliohoii,  and  ihe  one  id  Ray  by  CapL  Joseph 
Brndlcy.  Capt.  Joel  Mattticws,  who  raised  a  company  in  Brown,  did  not 
leave  the  county  with  his  compHny.  N'one  of  tlie  companiai  snw  nny  ao> 
live  service  in  pursuit  of  Morgan,  and  all  soon  returned.  Morgan's  raid 
did  TOQch  to  quiet  the  partmn  usperitioa  which  had  been  troubling  the 
county  ID  no  sm&ll  degree.  About  this  time  n  oompany  of  old  men,  called 
the  '*  SiWer  Oraya,"  was  organized  at  the  county  seat  as  a  home  guard, 

THE  FOVRTH  OP  JL'tY,  186$. 
The  day  vrna  ushered  in  by  the  ringtn;;  of  bells  and  the  firing  of  guns 
and  anvils.  Soon  after  sunrise,  gay  processions  of  country  people  began 
to  arrive,  and  at  9  o'clock  the  county  scat  irae  alive  wiln  a  swormiag, 
noisy  multitude.  It  was  stated  that  there  were  3,000  people  in  town  on 
this  eventful  day.  At  about  10  o'clock.  Capt.  Uayvard  &nd  Henry  Sims. 
M&rshaU  of  the  Day,  formed  the  crowd  into  a  procenion  around  tu«  pub- 
lii'^uare,  and  the  march  to  Mitchell's  Grove  was  commenced.  Prayerwas 
offered  by  Rev.  S-  B.  Sutton,  and  the  Declaration  of  Independence  was 
read  by  Dr.  Tarlcton.  Choice  pfltriotic  music  wm  furnished  by  Mrs.  U.  B. 
Jobnsun,  Mrs.  T.  B.  Mitchell,  Miss  Lou  Owinn.  MiM  Nannie Litteii.  Mrs.  P. 
S.  Parka,  Mrs.  J.  0.  Sampson,  T.  J.  Sloan,  How  Parka,  George  Townsend 
and  W.  R.  Shepard.  A  small  8(^nad  of  soldiers  was  present  in  military 
dress.  The  first  .tpeakcr  was  C.  F.  McNutt,  who  was  followed  by  Dr.  J,  J. 
AVrighl.  A  beautiful  ode.  written  for  the  occasion  bv  Mrs.  Paul  Dumer. 
was  read  by  W.  R.  Shepard.  and  waa  grt^atly  admired  by  the  assomblagc. 
A  magnificent  dinner  wa»  aprcad  out  in  Ihe  grove,  and  eaten  with  epicu> 
rean  appetite.  The  event  of  the  day  wa.4  the  parade  of  a  company  of  about 
forty  "  Raging  Tads."  They  appeared  about  8  o'clock  in  the  afternoon, 
dressed  in  (Jie  most  frightful  attiro  which  thoir  imiiginations  and  meant 
could  suggest  and  procure,  and  omamcntod  in  a  manner  to  "make  tho 
angels  weep."  They  marched  around  like  a  war  party  of  Cumanchet.  ut- 
tering direful  yella  which  curdled  the  blood,  and  cutting  caperaof  sufficient 
•pishness  to  put  to  shame  a  modern  CongrcH.inian  or  a  professional  politi* 
ciiQ.  A  troop  of  the  young  scions  of  the  town  followed  them  in  high 
glee,  counterfeiting  thoir  diabolical  buffoonery  in  an  ecstasy  of  childish 
bliss.  The  parade  was  enjoyed  by  all.  In  the  evening  a  brilliant  social 
was  held  at  Park  it  llites'  Hall,  and  at  Military  Ilall  on  the  west  side  of 
the  public  ai)uare.  Both  halls  were  beautifully  decorated  with  Howers  and 
spniys  of  evergreen.  In  Military  Hall,  a  large  steel  engraving  of  Wash- 
ington was  suspended,  around  and  over  which  brieht  garlands  and  loyal 
colors  wero  wreathed.  The  evening  was  one  of  the  moat  enjoyable  and 
brilliant  ever  witnestod  in  the  county  seat.  Celebnitioniof  the  day  word 
held  elsewhere  in  the  oounly,  but  as  no  account  vaa  published  the  rec- 
ord cannot  be  given  in  these  pages. 


On  the  17th  of  October.  1863,  came  the  call  for  300,000  men  for  two 
years,  and  the  task  of  securing  roluntccra  was  renewed.  Cicuts.  Willis 
Record  and  McOracken    and    others  secnreil   nhout  sixty  men   for  the 



itietb  Raiment  in  December,  18BS,  »nd  January,  18B4.  In  Jan- 
'^trj  oad  Fcbruftrv.  tbirw-tbree  colored  men  were  bired  st  $100  fAcb 
10  r^rweot  Wadbington  Township  in  the  array.  Tbej  were  seaijnied  to 
CompkDj  K,  Twenty-eigbth  Regiment  United  Stales  Colored  Troopa, 
Foar  or  five  of  tliese  men  nn\j  were  from  Morgun  Countj  ;  the  others 
were  partly  contmhandn  from  the  South.  The  colored  men  were  turned 
orerto  Lieut.  Richard  Currj.  A  few  recruits  entered  the  Twelfth  Ilegi- 
in«Qt.  and  a  fow  more  the  Twontv-tirst.  Lieut.  .1.  C-  Farr  recruited  & 
•quad  for  the  Thirty-third,  and  Clsrk  Graves  secured  a  few  for  his  regi- 
ment. Nearly  all  of  the  regimouta  conuining  men  from  the  oouDtr  re- 
ceived fVom  few  to  many  recruita.  Lieut.  Bundle  recruited  for  the  Twen- 
?'-MTenth.  Sj  the  9th  of  January,  1SG4,  only  Brown  and  Mailison 
Dwoshipa  bad  furnished  their  quoiAs  under  the  October  call  of  1863. 
Washington  cleared  b«r  quota  with  colored  raen.  as  did  also  Cloy,  the  lat- 
ter paying*  Cl-iBOO  for  nine  colored  men.  The  other  townships  slowly 
laiaed  their  men  during  the  early  part  of  1664,  sending  them  na  recruits 
into  the  older  regiments. 


On  Sftturday,  April  9,  186-1,  »  large  assotnblofe  of  the  citisens 
gathered  at  the  county  seat,  pursuant  to  cul,  to  fonnalTy  reccire  the  vet* 
ffftiu  who  btd  come  home  on  furlough.  The  citizens  came  Irom  all 
tpHTters  on  foot,  horseback  and  in  carriages  and  wagons,  until  the  town 
was  filled.  Capt.  Day,  iit  1  i  o'clock,  formed  the  veterans  into  nink  and 
iDarched  them  to  tlii;  commons  southwest  of  town,  where  they  were  put 
throQgb  musket  and  bayouet  practice  and  military  evolutions  for  the 
WneSi  of  the  crowd.  Then  all  marched  back  to  the  court  hou^e,  from 
tlie  door  of  which  Maj.  Manker  delivered  the  elociuent  welcoming  Dpeech. 
Col.  Cobuni  ri«pi>nded  in  behalf  of  the  Thirty>third  Regiment.  Several 
kimdred  eoldier^  were  present,  and  as  they  marched  around  in  rank  with 
the  wonderful  precision  of  veteruns  the  wildest  cnthuaiosm  woa  kindled 
in  the  breaau  of  the  S|iectatore.  Au  enormous  tible  on  the  south  aide  of 
the  square,  extending  the  whole  length  of  the  yard  east  and  west,  was 
loaded  to  the  verge  of  breaking  down  with  the  choicest  viands  the  county 
could  produce.  Over  1.500  persons  dined  at  this  gigantic  table,  and  at 
the  ooQclosion  of  the  feast  the  large  store  still  remniuing  untouched  was 
distributed  to  soldiers'  familiee.  At  2  o'clock  P.  M.,  Judge  Gooding 
lpok«  to  "the  largent  crowd  ever  in  the  town."  His  speech  wn.>i  nearly 
toree  boura  in  length,  and  woe  a  splendid  specimen  of  American  loyalty, 
oratory  and  eloqaonce.  The  reception  did  not  conclude  with  this  meeC- 
iog,  bat  continued  in  an  informul  chu.ractcr  uutil  tbo  fuilnughs  of  the 
veterans  ended.  They  were  feasted  and  toasted  in  public  and  in  private  ; 
and  fctee.  soirees,  eocialig,  picnics,  purlieu  and  balls  were  given  in  their 
honor  and  for  their  express  enioyrauni.  Ah,  how  the  boys  enjoyed  the 
short  thirty  days,  af^er  the  hardships,  marobes,  fatigues,  battles  and 
starvations  iti  the  South'.  Everything  which  love  and  loyalty  could 
■■ggnt  wM  done  for  their  comfort  and  happiueu.  Many  of  the  veterans 
wevf!  from  the  Eleventh  and  other  regiments  containing  Morgan  County 
men.     Uefore  this  reception,  the  ladiea  bad  given  the  veterans  from  Mar- 



tioAviUe  a  forma)  welcome  home  at  Temperance  lUII. 
gaj  and  brilliant. 

Under  the  calls  or  Februarv  and  March,  1864,  a  few  recruits  wera 
secured,  but  the  enliotment  was  slow  and  unattended  with  noteworthy 
eventfl.  On  the  23d  of  April  came  the  call  for  85,000  men  for  the  100 
days"  eerrice.  About,  tliirty  men  were  railed  in  Uie  county  by  Capt.  W. 
J.  Mankcr  and  Liout.  J.  E.  Qoodhue.  They  were  assiguod  to  the  One 
Hondred  and  Thirty -eccond  Itogiment,  ann  by  a  mistake  credited  to 
Marion  Connty.  A  few  small  squadti  entered  the  older  regiments.  In 
July  came  the  call  for  500,000  men  for  one,  two  and  three  years,  and 
the  county  waa  again  etimulated  into  activity.  War  moctings  were  again 
held  everywhere,  and  large  offers  of  local  bounty  were  made.  The 
county  quota  waa  large,  but  the  citizens  went  resolutely  to  work  to  fill 
the  call.  No  oiFort  acema  to  have  been  made  to  organize  a  company 
wholly  in  the  county,  but  nearly  all  the  men  secured  went  as  recruits  to 
the  older  regimenla.  The  county  made  great  exertion,  all  the  leading 
men  trav^r^ing  the  county,  speaking  to  scores  of  audiences  and  stirring 
up  those  liable  lo  bo  draficd.  By  the  20tb  of  August.  Gregg  wa<i  tKft 
only  Township  which  had  filled  hpr  quota;  she  had  a  aurplus  of  seven. 
The  others  were  behind  in  the  following  figures :  Washington,  20 ; 
Jackson,  2o;  Oroene,  49;  Harrison,  13;  Madison,  27;  Clay,  11; 
Brown,  33;  Monroe,  26:  Adams.  7;  JefiTcrsou.  7;  Hakcr,  12;  and 
Ray,  36.  It  will  be  seen  that  up  to  that  time  some  of  the  townships  had 
done  little  better  than  nothing.  At  a  big  political  meeting  held  at 
Warerly  about  the  middle  of  Scpteraher,  Gov.  Morion  addressed  the 
dcizens  oo  the  Presidential  issues  and  the  state  of  the  war. 

THE  DRAFT  OF  BKPTEMBEB   21,    1864. 

As  the  time  passed,  it  was  seen  that  the  county  could  not  escape  the 
draft.  Indeed,  some  tnwnHhi{)fi  waited  its  appearance  with  charming 
composure.  The  numb'era  drafted  cannot  be  given,  but  it  is  likely  that 
all  the  townships  except  Gregg  were  levied  upon.  A.  S.  Griggs  was 
Provoet  Marshal  fur  Morgiiii  County.  The  drafb  took  place  at  Indian- 
■polia.  After  the  draft,  the  townships  were  given  an  opportunity  of 
clearing  their  quotas  by  volunteers  or  substitutes,  which  several  succeeded 
in  doing.     The  GazetU.  of  October  29  said  : 

All  the  lownAhips  in  lliia  county,  except  Waebinxton,  Clinr.  Moiircc  and  Baker, 
have  fll]<Hl  tlieir  quotas  uuilec  tUe  draft.  1>y  voUiutoem.  In  litis  Uiwiuiliiri  (WasblDf- 
tonl,  sfur  txliaustiutf  ibo  HW  iier  cent  iIthwd,  (lie  quoi«  Utks  two  oi  btlng  fuIL 
TJnh'Bs  thoae  two  ur?  lurnislied  \>y  vohiiiteorB,  anotlierdraw  will  be  made. 

liome  trouble  arose  ia  Brown  Townalilp  over  ihe  draft.  After  the  drafit^  men 
bad  been  muatcrcd  into  Ibc  Hcrvice.  tliey  no  longer  bed  the  power  lo  All  quotas 
uniler  the  draft  with  volunteers.  Quite  a  number  did  not  know  ihia  tioiil  after  be- 
ing mueicrcd  in;  tbcn  it  iv-as  too  late. 

The  drafted  men  were  token  to  Indianapolis  October  2<J,  and  assigned 

to  various  old  regimente.     Thus  was  the  county  quota  filled. 

This  campaign  was  very  spirited,  and  was  conducted  with  all  the 
Strength  of  the  two  parties.     The  real  issue  was  upon  the  further  con- 


tit)QBnc«  of  the  vftr.  Gov.  Morton,  as  noticed  above,  and  other  dia- 
IJneuUbcd  apekkera,  addressed  Morgiiii  County  audionces.  On  th«  Sat- 
aroBj  preceding  the  October  ciection.  a  largo  crowd  of  Republicans 
•ssembled  at  Martiosville  to  stir  up  the  L'niou  ftentJment.  A  6ae  dinner 
aad  «lcx|Uent  speeches  were  enjoyed  on  the  fair  gronnd.  The  tonn  was 
imted  to  a  brilliBnt  torch-light  procession  in  the  evening.  On  the  day 
of  the  election,  eixtj  sotdiera  went  to  tlie  polls  in  a  bodj  and  polled  their 
voice  for  Gov.  Morion.  The  Deinocrsis  also  had  large  nicetinga  at  Mar- 
tiamlle  and  throughout  the  contitj.  Scarcel,r  a  night  pa«aed  without 
brilliant  ^therinf;s  and  speeches.  At  last  the  returns  came  in,  when-it 
wu  fovad  that  Gov.  Morton's  mnjoritj  whs  544,  a  RepablioaD  gain  of 
412  vowa  in  two  jean.  The  suecossful  parlyivug  jubilnnt.  On  Wednes- 
daj  after  the  election,  a  jubilee  ■Kta  bold  at  the  county  scut,  at  Mooree- 
vitle,  at  Morgaitiown,  and  at  other  places.  A  tall  tlag-pole  was  erected 
in  front  of  >litcheir8  store  in  Martinsville,  and  a  fine  Hag  vrts  soon  flying 
from  the  top.  The  Republican  Glee  Club  gang  many  National  sira.  and 
the  streets  were  filled  with  happy  Republicans.  As  the  news  came  in 
from  the  State.  150  "rounds  of  anvils"  were  fired.  The  excitement 
eontinaed  until  the  November  election.  On  the  22d  of  October,  an  im- 
laense  ITnioii  meeting  was  held  in  the  court  yard.  A  new  banner  thirty 
feet  long  waa  run  ap  a  tall  3ag-pole  on  the  square  by  the  ladies,  and 
ipeaclies  were  delivered  by  Preston,  Hall  and  othera.  The  Deii)0crat« 
with  bopcfiil  words  were  almost  as  active  in  all  parts  of  the  county.  At 
the  ooanij  eleciioii,  the  Lincoln  elector*  received  1.798  votes,  and  the 
McClellan  electors  l,'i88.  The  results  were  followed  by  long-continued 
^^  public  rqoicings  from  one  party,  and  absolute  silence  from  the  other. 


^H      On  the  19th  of  December,  1864.  came  the  I&st  call  of  the  war  for 

^Vvolanteers — 300,000  men  for  one,  two  and  three  years.  Uut  the  county 
^Bwi«  slow  to  begin  the  work  of  filling  her  i^uota.  On  the  Cth  of  Janunry, 
I  *  ^^t89fi|  the  Gaittte  said  :  "  Some  effort  uught  to  he  made  to  fill  tlie  quota 
I        K  tbe  county  under  the  late  call  fur  800,000  men."     This  implied  that 

I  up  to  that  period  nothing  had  been  done.  People  felt  that  the  rebellion 
D        was  in  the  "last  ditch,"  however,  and  soon  afler  this  began  work.     The 

II  nnmber  liable  to  do  military  duty  under  the  first  enrollment  of  (he  war 
WBB  2.04*i;  under  the  new  enrollment  of  the  autumn  of  iy64,  the  num- 
ber waa  1,600.     The  Oaieite  of  January  '21  said  : 

Cams  l»  out  of  tl^  Dro/t.— An  cflort  I»  being  mode  lo  flU  the  quota  of  Ihc 
roBDiv.  aad  rrlicvo  It  of  the  draft.  A  wccXal  kuiod  of  Ibc  County  Board  has  bcca 
rtWuftor  TuMxlny  noxt.  PetiltODs  ar»  id  circulation.  a*king  the  board  to  mali«  aa 
■MiraprjatiaQ  <if  (MO  for  earli  volunteer  erpditPtl  to  tliix  county  undm-  Father 
Mtioam's  last  polite  and  palcrtaiaing  request.  SiihKCTi|>tior  piipers  nrv  bfinii  cir- 
dilated  araoDg  tbe  |>e(^le.  and  it  i>  i-xptwted  tb«t  with  tlie  cminiy  appropriation. 
iboald  one  be  kItmi.  at  lea«t  $T00  will  br  raised  for  Morfcnn  County  vo1iiDt«ori. 
Wv  oadentaodlhat  lOnc  of  our  vounjt  tncnnicc-nlittinA  inoltiRr  couutiM.uaaware 
Ibat  aa<r  indoKinenu  will  be  Itcld  out  at  tiom«.  Hold  on  boya!  Itomc  Inducements 
Buy  turn  out  to  be  tbe  best. 

The  quota  of  the  county  under  this  call  waa  202.     Active  work  was 

begun  about  the  middle  of  January.     About  fifty  men  were  recruited  for 

Eleven  ih  Rt'^imeut.     Abt>ut  eighty  men   were  raised  for  Companies 

til  H,  Une  Hundred  and  Foriy-oighth  Regiment,  one  year's  service. 



A  few  smalt  ftquads  joineH  other  regiments.     These  men  left  about  the 

middlo  of  February.     The  G-azttte  of  Febroarj  18  SBiii: 

Tlic(|tiotn  of  Wuhinpoa  Towiuhtp  liu  been  flilcd.  A  liounty  of  (4M  wu 
paid  to  etkcli  racriilL  ThlmalnQ  af  the  roluntoera  were  citlzcus  of  this  towiuliip, 
Mid  one  wAa  recruited  at  [ndittnspolb.  6«TeraI  of  tlie  Tolumieor^  f  Ailed  to  como  to 

But  the  county  could  not  wholly  Mcapc  the  draft  which  t-koie  on  the 

last  w«l:  in  February  with  the  following  result:  Green,  40;  Ray,  30; 

Brown.  20  ;  Jackson,  20  ;  and  Raker,  fi.     Immediately  after  the  draft, 

all  the  above  townahips  except  Bakor  filled  their  quotas  by  volunteers, 

which  privilege  was  uccorded  them.     A  few  men  fuiled  to  appear.     The 

drafted  men  were  assigned  to  the  older  regiments. 

THB  PAtl.  or    RICHUOHD. 

The  dazette  of  April  8  exclaimed : 

Oi-ORT  I  Qi-ORT  ;  I  GLORrll!  Let  the  people  ahoQl  elory!  •'Let  roclta  and 
biUt  tlieir  Laating sileau  bn»k."  TbU  is  the  people's  lubiloe  !  Let  nil  the  people 
na&  !  RIchtnoDd  has  fallen  !  and  greain'os  tbe  fall  thereof  t  P«tersbuTc  foil  at  the 
Kftmo  lime  I  When  tho  news  was  rooei»ed  hero  the  peoplofnlrly  wont  will!  wiih  joy; 
flags  were  Qung  let  lh«  br>.-eie.  *on^  were  sunif,  ThL>  SDrils  wurc  broiijilil  out 
Tnmie  to  tell  tlw.'  lal*  of  Jtiy  The  Home  Guiird«  fired  roller  after  volk-y  of  inus- 
ketry.     The  jollification  was  ktipt  up  until  n  late  hour  of  ttir  uielil. 

A  few  days  later  the  news  of  the  surrender  of  Ocn.  Lee  reached  the 
county,  and  created  everywhere  the  most  intense  joy.  People  in  all  parts 
of  the  county  tethered  in  the  noare^t  towns  intuitively  to  mingle  rejoic- 
ings over  the  glorious  news.  Glee  clubs  Hang  themselvea  honrae  ;  apeucors 
voiced  the  general  ecslacr  in  notes  of  eloquence ;  haxtily  improvi-ted  pro- 
cessions paraded  the  atreete  with  martini  bamts  and  tumultuous  shouts; 
banners  and  loynl  erabloms  were  Hung  to  the  breeze,  and  the  citizens  as  a 
mass  gave  themselves  up  to  every  species  of  joyous  demonstration.  The 
night  of  the  11th  of  April  was  rainy  and  muildy,  hut  Martinsville  was 
decorated  and  illuminated  as  it  had  never  been  before.  The  court  house 
from  bolfry  to  foundation  was  a  glittering  galaxy  of  light  and  color. 
Stores  and  private  rcei deuces  vied  with  vach  other,  without  regard  to  tabor 
or  expense,  in  creating  the  most  gorgeous  display. 


The  county  was  yet  in  the  midst  fit  public  rejoicings  when  the  painful 
news  was  received  that  Lincoln  had  been  assassinated.     The  revulsion  in 

tmblio  feeling  was  sickening.  Many  a  man  and  woman  had  learned  to 
ove  the  name  of  Abraham  Lincoln.  lie  bad  led  them  through  foar  loDg 
years  of  darkness  and  death — had  been  the  cloud  by  day  and  pillar  of 
fire  by  night  through  all  the  starless  gloom  of  war,  and  now.  when  the 
sunlight  of  victory  had  lighted  the  national  heart  with  honndles?  joy.  and 
every  knee  was  bent,  and  every  eye  dim  with  grateful  thanksgiving,  to 
have  the  beloved  Lincoln  cut  down  ao  untimely  was  indeed  bitter  and 
hard  to  bear.  Scores  burse  into  tears  as  if  they  had  lost  their  nearest 
friend.  People  spoke  in  subdued  voices  of  the  awful  calamity,  and  moved 
around  with  troubled  faces  and  heavy  steps-  The  Gatetit  of  April  22 
said : 

On  Tueoduj  last  amt^ettog  of  the  citiz<Mis  wm  held  at  lb(>  Audiiur'a  ofllce  to 
arras^  for  BolemDieiBs  'Wedncsdajr  aa  a  day  of  humility  and  prayer  on  ncoouot  of 



_„_      i^vas  resfilveil  that  Uio  courl  liouM  sIiouM  he 

^  ...JMIkOlltdd  «113  M.  ihenia.    It  wa«  alao  resrolrcd  tku 

be  bmliMNM  botuu  «houl(l  resiAln  closed  durins  the-  entire  di\y.  and  thtt  all  the 
lunuei  ihouM  have  erapr  on  tb«  donr^.  Thougli  but  a  libort  liitte  was  altownl  for 
tht  work,  the  cuuri  rooni  wju  iast«fully  decorated  wlili  eml>lemsof  in»urnlDe. 
Lonf  t»efon  the  boar  appolmed  (or  tint  mcciln^.  ihe  room  wai  d^ti-'tcly  )>aclced. 
Tb«  funeral  dlscourM  wiia  preached  bv  llcv  W,  C.  Smith  from  tht  u.-][i.  "Abel 
being  deMlv«l  tpeaketh."  He  spoke^th  docp  feeling  and canurstueaaoXtlu life  and 
<luu«ct«T  oi  ow  murd««d  Presldenl.  Then?  were  bm  fpw  dry  eves  In  the  vatt 
■udleiiM  rlurine  bis  dlscourae-  Hn  vrm  fnllon-cd  by  O.  K  Dauglieriy,  F.  P.  A. 
PkcJpa.  C.  F  IfcXult  and  0.  J.  Glounei.  in  itaort  niid  itt)|>i;opri3t«  addreaaei.  The 
■ndiaaa  Ualeoed  lo  all  with  deep  atttiBiioii.  Tht-  mo^t  fnicnfc  sorroir  waadeplcted 
«a  tjerj  COODtanaaco.  Docp  sadorsi;  and  (cloom  porvadi^d  the  cniiro  audiotice. 
All  bMrta  w«r«  Md  and  all  voicr*  hiiHli<id.  Al  nlAt  »  unii>n  prnycr  moetlof;  was 
ktid  at  lh«  ume  plam,  Tb«  fnllAWing  arc  Ibc  ruioliilions  iinanintously  adopted  bf 
•  rising  rote  at  the  day  meeiiu;: 

AmJmI,  Ut.  That  la  tb«  death  of  Abraham  Lincoln,  one  of  tb«>  purest  uud 
MMt  elcratad  atalesmen  of  ««nb  has  falkn;  iliui,  an  In  the  drath  of  Waahlngton 
the  Kalioa  mourned  the  Father  uf  otir  Country,  to  in  the  drath  of  our  beloved 
Chief  Mi^trate  we  mourn  him  who  under  Ood  was  the  savior  of  our  country. 

9d.  That,  though  the  ercfltcsl.  witfst  anil  best  nivn  mny  fall  in  our  country*! 
flUM,  our  confidence  that  ilivinc  Providviico  «-ilL  ww  the  life  of  Uic  Nation,  and 
Make  it  the  light  of  lh«  world,  I*  full  Aiul  undiminUhcd. 

Sd  That.  truMiogaa  vto  have  In  (hat  Providence,  anil  in  tht-  pairiotiEm,  virtue 
■Dd  Imclliffsnca  of  Ihe  people,  ami  tmiilng  M  we  do  In  ihn  nbility  and  slateiamon- 
■hip  o(  Andrew  Johniou.  we  do  aolemiily  before  Ood  and  k'^o'^  uieii  rv-pledge  our 
niraa  that  the  IlepuliUc  thalt  Um  and  Irtwtan  thnlt  die. 

4th.  That  we  humbly  and  derotedly  pr&y  the  Father  of  all  mcrcin  to  apkre 
Ihe  life  of  Secretary  Seward  to  tbU  already  deeply  afflicted  Nation. 

Tho  «iin«  iiSQo  of  tho  paper  containing  an  account  of  this  meeting  dso 
published  the  following: 

WedOBodnT  la*!  wna  the  mo^t  remarkable  day  ever  witnessed  in  Marttasrllle. 
R*Ter  waa  «u(-h  univvriial  fiuiet  known  to  our  ciliE«n*.  It  wn«  morn  like  a  IjahbnUi 
ahould  be  tlian  any  Sunday  that  ever  paaaeil  over  our  town.  It  wna  a  tad  ttar. 
fiueb  cnnCTal  and  gonuloe  aorrow  as  was  exhibited  hiTit  l«  Rcldom  witnesMd.  The 
great  bBauiy  of  tbe  reneralion  and  respect  ahown  Mr.  Lincoln  coiisiRia  in  Ihe  fact 
that  h  flld  not  proceed  from  anj  one  party  oi  creed.    All  th«  people  mourned. 

Public  meetings  in  honor  of  the  distingnishetl  dead  were  also  held  at 
MorgnnDwn,  Moor«sv)ll<>.  Eminence,  Paragon.  Centcrton,  and  in  nunier- 
Qoa  churches  and  scbonlhoutn  in  othL>r  portions  of  the  county.  The 
■pikers  at  Eminence  were  Kev.  John  Hancock  and  J.  W.  Rhea.  Reso- 
iullons  of  aorrow  and  hope  were  adopted  in  alt  the  meetings.  Unfortu- 
HAtely.  a  fuller  account  cnnnot  be  given.  A  few  residetiu  of  the  county 
utiwisely  aasertcd  iheir  Joy  at  the  death  of  Lincoln  ;  but  in  every  instance 
they  were  &ft«!iulted  and  terribly  beaten.  The  public  heart  did  not  fully 
revive  the  shock  until  the  c^nrrendcr  of  Gen.  Johnston's  army  on  the  26tn 
of  April.  Then  flgoin,  the  capture  of  Jefl*  Davis  in  petlicoata  on  the  lOih 
of  May  added  Co  Ine  gratiBcation. 

It  18  impOMJhte  co  give  (he  exact  number  of  men  furnished  by  the 
cuouty  to  sappreu  tbe  rebellion :  but  un  uttciupt  will  be  made  to  give  tbe 
aiiproximate  number.  On  the  19th  of  September,  1862,  the  county  was 
oScially  credited  with  having  furnished  1/J32  men,  of  whom  1,11^8  were 
then  in  the  aervice.  But  this  does  not  include  the  men  who  entered  the 
eoai|Mniei  raised  outaide  of  the  county,  notably  at  Indianapolis.  It  is 
safe  to  say  that  over  1.300  men  had  been  furnished  by  this  time.  Under 
Uie  two  calle  of  1863,  the  county  quota  was  not  Iom  than  250  men.     Dur- 



iDg  the  je&r  1864,  not  including  the  men  require*]  under  the  call  of 
December,  the  mggregal«  quoias  under  the  rurious  other  eulU  w«rc  {U7 
men,  kII  of  whom  were  Mcurcil  and  sent  into  the  field.  Undt-r  tlic  Dt-ccm- 
her  call,  202  men  were  required  and  raised,  together  with  a  surplus  of 
'22  men.  Taking  into  consideration  the  men  who  were  credited  to  other 
oiunties.  and  the  men  nf  other  counties  who  were  credited  to  Morgan, 
and  taking  the  aum  total  of  the  above  ertimate^  and  olBcial  statemetita, 
it  ^ill  bo  Been  that  the  county  furnished  about  2.700  men  to  nut  down 
the  rebellion.  Thia  ia  u  magnificent  ehowing.  It  should  be  borne  in 
mind,  however,  that  in  ihi»  eatimate  each  man  haa  been  counted  us  often 
&6  he  enlisted.  Many  served  under  two,  three  and  perhaps  four  calla. 
But  making  all  necessary  allowances,  it  is  safe  to  sa^  that  the  oonntv  sent 
2,000  diScrcDt  men  isle  the  field.  Those  estimates  do  not  include  the 
seven  companies  raised  to  repel  Gen.  Morgan,  nor  the  Home  Guardii.  nor 
the  eleven  companies  of  the  Indiana  Legion,  commanded  respectivelv  by 
the  following  Cnptains :  A.  S.  Griggn,  .Tncob  Hets,  JiLrviH  J.  John.>)on, 
Marvfield  Walters.  James  £.  Burton,  Andrew  T.  Wellman.  William 
Nicholson,  Sjlvanus  Barnard,  William  W.  Wilson  and  Joel  Matthews. 
During  the  war,  however,  nearly  oil  the  companies  of  the  Legion  entieted, 
and  saw  active  service. 


About  the  middle  of  May,  1801,  the  County  Board  appropriated 
$8,000  for  the  care  of  soldiers'  families,  and  appointed  P.  8.  Parks,  J,  S. 
Kelley,  Jaoob  Adams,  Philip  Hodge  and  W.  J.  Manker  to  expend  the 
same.  A  great  deal  was  done  in  t^e  same  direction  bj  the  townahipa 
and  by  individual,  of  which  no  record  was  kept.  During  the  autumn  of 
1861,  soldiL-ra'  aid  aocictits  were  cirgauiiiHl  at  eevcrnt  central  places  in 
the  county.  During  the  first  week  in  November,  a  large  box  of  blankela. 
gloves,  mittens,  shirts,  drawers,  socks,  etc.,  was  sent  to  Indianapolis  from 
the  county  Koat.  Other  localities  sent  similar  boxes.  The  aopplies  went 
(o  the  boys  in  Kentucky.  Several  citizens  took  a  large  quantity  of  goods 
and  provisions  to  the  boys  there.  Mrs.  Manker.  Mrs.  Scott  and  many 
oiher  worthy  ladies  were  active  in  eoliciting  donotions.  Mrs.  J.  M.  Hub- 
bell  and  Mrs.  E.  W.  Callis  were  active  in  obtaining  cash  donations  for 
the  hospitals.  In  April,  1862,  a  new  eoldiera' relief^  aociely  was  organ- 
ized at  Martinsville,  with  the  following  officers :  W.  U.  Craig.  President ; 
A.  H.  Crayton,  Secretary;  J.  W.  Paul,  Treasurer;  A.  H.  Crayton,  W, 
J.  Sparks,  S.  J.  Hastings,  A.  J.  Major.  D.  G.  Stotts,  Jesse  Barker, 
Jamca  R.  Best,  Mrs.  J.  K.  Peott,  Mrs.  J.  W.  Paul  and  Mrs.  J.  R.  Elli- 
ott. Soliciting  Committee.  Others  elsewhere  in  the  county  were  organ- 
ized. These  societies,  however,  were  not  active  In  June.  1868.  in  re- 
sponse to  a  call  from  Gov.  Morton,  the  County  Board  loaned  95,000  of 
the  county  funds  to  the  State  for  the  benefit  of  hclplcas  soldiers.  Tte 
appropriation  was  opposed  by  a  strong  disloyal  element,  but  without  avail. 
In  December,  1N63,  the  aid  eocietics  were  re-organized,  and  during  the 
winter  did  good  work.  On  Thanksgiving  Day,  8S9.70  was  raised  at 
Martinsville.  .\t  another  meeting  in  Martinsville.  ^7  cash  was  received. 
Under  the  October  call  of  18ti.3.  the  County  Board  ordered  each  volun* 
teer  paid  $100  bounty.     The  townships  began  to  offer  bounties  alio. 

Brown  ofl«reil  8100  for  each  maa,  and  Maillson  0300.  During  ctie  win- 
t«r.  Ute  "  Murdocic  Institute"  gave  amateur  •dramatic  enwrteinueots  Nt 
Martinnville  for  the  benefit  of  the  Counlj-  Saniury  CoranjiMion.  The 
details  iu  other  localitiM  cnnnnt  be  givcD.  The  drwiiBtio  sooletr  played 
••The  Double  Ghosr,"  "  Kiss  in  the  Dark,"  "  Rough  Diamond,  '•  Love 
at  Sight,"  etc-,  and  was  greeted  by  imracnM  BUdieocM-  A  large  amount 
oftonneTwas  thus  secured  for  (be  soldiers.  Lnrge  quantities  of  wond 
aod  provisions  were  furnished  the  families  of  soldiers  gr&luitously.  ti. 
W.  Cramer,  John  llraughton.  Calvin  Itrellefonl.  Jease  Avery,  Davil 
Carter,  Isaac  Kastings,  Patrick  Brailey,  La&vctte  Townsend,  J.  J. 
Wright.  D.  D.  Cramer.  Madisou  Avery.  Thotnaa'  Williame,  W.  W.  Wil- 
son,  flllis  Hastings  at  M&rttnsvillo,  and  8Core«  of  others  throughout  the 
county  were  active  in  famishing  wood  and  supplies.  The  ''  Heth^da 
Soldier's  Aid  Society,"  organised  at  Moorettville  in  August,  1864,  »ent 
the  following  supplied  to  Indianapolis  in  Deoember;  Twelve  doien  band- 
ages,  six  doieo  arm  slings,  ten  pounds  of  lint,  two  dozen  towels,  one  dot- 
en  pillow  cases,  one  dozen  packs  of  envelopes,  one  pack  of  letter  paper, 
ninety-five  pounds  cotton  rags,  twenty  pounds  lint  rags,  one  dosen  dish 
doths.  thirteen  shirts,  one  dozen  pairs  drawers,  one  and  one-iialf  do&en 
■heeU,  six  pounds  mustard  seed,  three  pounds  sage,  thr««  pounds  hops, 
tiio  boshela  of  ootons,  fifty  pounds  dried  apples,  twelve  pounds  dried 
peaches,  foarteon  cans  of  fruit  and  one-half  barrel  of  picklos  ;  also  9^9.85 
eaah.  A  large  number  of  hogs  (200)  were  purchased  by  the  County 
Board  for  the  consumption  of  soldiers'  families  during  the  winter.  In 
Jsnnary,  18ti5,  n  Ladies'  Aid  Society  was  organized  at  the  county  seat, 
UDong  tho  memben^  being  Mrs.  L.  Mewenger,  Mr9.  W.  W.  Wilson,  Mrs. 
S.  A.  Tilfnrd.  Mrs.  Sallie  Smith,  Mrs.  G.  W.  Callis  and  others.  But 
little  wan  done  by  thi^  society,  as  the  war  soon  closed.  Otj  the  2GiU  of 
January,  186*0,  the  County  Board  appropriated  8300  for  each  volunteer 
or  drufted  man  undar  the  last  call  for  troops,  but  this  met  such  strong 
objeclioo  from  the  fact  that  soldiers'  property  would  have  to  sustain  the 
tax  to  send  "  stay-at-homes  "  to  the  army,  that  the  order  was  rescindod. 
The  following  statement  is  taken  from   tho  Adjutant  Genorat'e  report: 

copsTif ,  Toiraaiipg,  me 

Morgan  Countf. 

VaiUogtoa  Towsship. 

Jacksoa  Towiubip 

Giwm  Township 

llurUon  Towiwhlp 

MadlauD  Towiuhlp 

Clay  Township. 

Brnn  Towoshlp 

Hoimw  Townsbip. 

Aduu  Township. 

Qrtgg  Townshtn , 

JaSmofi  Townsliip. 

^i^  TowoaUln 

Baser  Townablp 

HUoellaaeous  Belitf... . . 


arand  total  boualy  nod  relief. 



a.  000 

IS.  000 



imaOS  43 

i.iso  00 

l.MO  00 
976  00 

sao  DO 

t.Ott  00 
1.91S  00 

VJo  m 

l.WW  35 

i.iaa  00 

780  00 

878  00 

l.liKI  00 

l$&l.fl38  17 
38a.0BS  17 




Tlic  leiist  said  on  this  subject  th«  belter.  All  mention  of  tbe  more 
prominent  ovadu,  however,  cannot  he  escaped.  It  is  scarcely  aece^sftry 
tofttato  that  many  protninont  people  in  Morgan  Countj^and  throughout 
the  North  were  sincerely  and  coaacieatiously  opposed  to  th«  prosevutinn  of 
tbe  nar  to  quell  tbe  rebellion.  M&ot  honestly  belierod  in  tbe  right  of 
the  Southern  States  to  Recede,  and  in  the  Divine  origin  of  the  institution 
of  slarerv-  This  is  not  to  be  wondered  at,  in  view  of  tbe  horculoan 
efforts  0/  Southern  sutesmeu,  through  a,  long  period  of  years,  to  instil 
tbe  heresy  into  theheart4  of  both  North  and  bouth.  In  view  of  humtiD 
fallibility,  it  is  useless  to  recrimiuate  for  errors  of  judgment.  People 
boyi  North  and  Sooth,  who  were  sincere  in  their  opinions,  should  be  re- 
garded with  charity,  and  the  nation,  after  iL4  hapiiiini  of  blood,  ghuuld 
fo«ter  a  nobUr  humanity  by  the  universal  edacation  of  mind  and  heart. 

The  Gmt  disloyality  manifested  was  the  declaration  of  joy  at  the  fall 
of  Sutnler,  but  this  sentiment  seems  (o  have  become  dormant  during  the 
early  summer  of  166\.  In  July  and  August  it  cropped  oat  again.  One 
man  hoped  there  would  he  a  big  battle,  and  that  many  would  be  killed  on 
hot!)  sides.  Another  thought  Lincoln  ought  to  be  killed — that  sotne  one 
should  cut  his  throat;  and  another  »aid  "every  voliinteirr  who  goes  (othe 
Sooth  in  a  murderer."  During  the  fall,  a  soldier  wbu  hud  enlisted  in 
Capt.  Cunning's  company  was  persuaded  to  stay  at  home  by  a  disloyal 
friend.  It  was  during  the  fall  elections  that  an  eflbrc  was  made  to  organ- 
ize a  distinctive  Union  party  from  the  nntazonietic  elements,  but  the 
attempt  proved  largely  abortive.  At  a  certain  mass  meeting  in  Qreen 
Township,  one  of  the  speakers  said :  '*  The  volunteers  in  the  present  war 
are  a  set  of  thieves  and  robbers."  In  the  summer  of  18t>2,  a  lady  in 
MartinHville  !>aid  ahe  wished  every  Union  woman  of  the  town  could  be 
compelled  to  sleep  with  a  negro.  Another,  whose  brother  had  juat  enlisted, 
declared  she  was  "disgrnccd  forever."  In  .January,  1t>d3,  a  detaehmeot 
of  volunteers  from  Indianapolis  entered  Green  Township  to  arrest  several 
deserters  who  were  reported  to  have  been  concealed  there.  The  men  were 
found  and  arresfed,  but  as  they  were  being  taken  away  the  troopii  were 
fired  upon  by  a  large  body  of  disloyal  citieei]».  though  no  one  was  injured. 
When  the  report  01  this  proceeding  reached  Indianapolis,  Cot.  Carringtoa 
sent  a  strong  detachment  of  troops  it^  arrest  the  prominent  leaders  of  the 
*'£uerrillaa."  Some  six  or  eight  were  arrested,  taken  to  Indianapolis, 
tried,  convicted,  and  each  sentenced  to  pay  a  fine  of  $500.  Early  in 
March,  Lieut.  Hayward  and  a  squad  of  troops  arreeted  five  deserters  in 
Martinsville.  Several  mnrders  occurred  in  the  county,  mippo^ed  to  have 
been  cauEfld  by  quustious  growing  out  uf  the  war.  In  1863,  the  Knights 
of  the  Golden  Circle  instituted  several  organisations  in  the  county.  Let- 
ters from  men  in  the  county  to  boys  in  the  service,  urging  them  to  desert, 
were  captured  and  published  in  the  Gaiette.  Union  Leaguea  were  organ- 
ized to  counteract  the  dieloysl  tendencies.  A  few  houses  and  barns  owned 
by  prominent  loyal  men.  were  burned.  Threatening  letters  were  sent 
out.  Butternut  brctut-pius  were  worn.  At  a  church  on  Sand  Creek,  & 
ladv  wearing  one  was  assaulted  by  another  lady,  who  tore  the  disloyal 
emblem  from  her  bo&om  and  oarried  it  ofT  in  triumph.    A  division  in  the 



ohnroh  waa  tli«  nsult.     TliMC  are  samples  of  vhtt  occurred  in  the  countj 

while  tbe  war  lasted.     Noibinx  very  serious  occurred  except  the  murdera. 

On  tbe  Sth  of  April,  1866,  tbe  Gazette  sakid: 

Wben  the  newi  of  the  ernruniioii  of  Richmond  and  Pclewburg  reached  h^re, 
Dot  k  B<itt«niul  smllMli  Nol  a  BiitUTRUl  aaalsted  In  ralalog  tbe  Q>k)  Not  &  Biitur- 
nut  pKrtlcipited  in  ihe  jubilee  at  nishtl  Thvy  all  looked  lad  aud  fi^oamy,  lu  if  Just 
tavltcci  to  Attend  the  fuDcral  of  their  ncvcvt  and  dearest  friemts.  Comment  i» 
■Uoi[vtli«t  uuot^ccBMrj-- 

A   few   publicly  MMoioe-i  over  the  doiith   of  Lincoln,  but  they  were 

p'jnnded  oat  of  abapo  by  indigQiint    soldiers   and   others.     Much  of  tlie 

disloyalty  maoiredted  was  from  tbe  lowest  and  most  ignoniDt  claM. 


Daruig  the  summer  months  of  l($65,  th«  soldiers  returned  from  (be 
w&r  and  were  welcomed  with  throbbing  hearts  by  lored  ones  and  friends. 
They  wore  osniUly  receire-l  with  formal  ceremony  by  crowds  of  grateful 
people.  Tbe  flag  they  hud  carried  through  so  many  bloody  campaign* 
vas  retomed  to  the  citiiens  wbo  had  presented  it  to  the  brave  boys  be^re 
ibey  went  away  so  proud  and  valiant  four  years  before.  Fine  swords  or 
oth«r  elegant  memortala  were  given  to  those  who  had  done  some  specially 
distinguished  service.  Many  a  boy  who  had  gone  away  so  bright  and 
brave,  followed  by  a  mother  s  love  and  blessing,  vu  left  in  a  patriot's 
grave  far  down  in  the  Sunny  South.  Othcm  came  home  with  empty 
■leeves  and  frightful  scars,  or  shattered  minds  and  broken  eonetitations. 
The  sacred  dust  of  some  was  brt>ugbt  home  and  buried  by  loving  friends. 
The  county  cemeteries  contain  all  that  ia  mortal  of  the  heroes.  Tbe 
silent  mounds  of  sod  are  lovingly  decked  with  sweet  blossoms,  and  the 
summer  tnaotle  of  green  velvet  is  patiently  watched  by  faithful  hearts. 
Sprigs  of  holly  and  evergreen,  bright  clusten  of  rich  flowers  and  eloqueat 
tribatw  in  eulogy  of  tbe  noble  dead,  are  the  uirorings  of  a  grateful  people 
on  OecontioD  Day.     The  loyal  dead  must  nol  be  forgotten. 


April  15,  IStil,  75,000  men  for  three  months. 

Mav  S,  1861,  82,748  men  for  ibreo  years. 

July  22  and  2-5,  1861,  600,000  men  for  three  veare. 

May  and  June,  1862,  about  18.0UU  men  for  tbree  months. 

July  2.  1862.  300.000  men  for  three  years. 

Angost  4.  1862,  SOO.OOO  men  for  nine  months. 

Jane  15.  1668.  100.000  men  for  six  months. 

October  17,  1863,  SOO.OOO  men  for  two  voars. 

Pebman-  1.  1864.  200,000  men  for  two  years. 

Mareh  14,  1864,  'JOO.OOO  men  for  tbre«  years. 

April  38.  1864.  85,000  men  for  100  days. 

Jtily  18,  1864.  500,000  men  for  one,  two  and  three  years. 

D«e«mber  19,  1864,  800,000  men  for  one,  two  and  three  years. 

Strentfi   Regiment,  three  months'  »erviee. — John  McDaniel,  died  at 
Pbtllippi.  Vs..  June.  1^61. 



Eleventh  lUgtment,  three  ytara'  terviee. — Jamw  OUemui,  killed  at 
Champion  Hills  May,  1868. 

Txetifth  Rtgiment,  three  jfears'  service. — Eli  Bray,  Jr..  died  at  Grand 
Junction,  Trnn.,  Febriiary,  1^68  ;  Asa  G.  Batlnril,  killed  at  Richmond, 
Ky.,  AaguBt,  1862;  A.  H.  Ballard,  died  at  Snvder's  Bluff,  Miss,.  June. 
1868 ;  Heiif}-  H.  Bailiff,  killed  at  Allaiita,  Ga."  August,  18«4  ;  Kicbard 
Berge,  died  of  woands  September,  1H62;  liamton  B.  Cnx,  killed  at 
Richmond,  Ky.,  Augast,  IS(>2  ;  William  Curnutt,  died  aear  Atlanta, 
Qa.,  August.  18t>4 ;  Thomas  F.  Carter,  died  of  wounds  at  Chntl&Doo)^ 
Mav,  1863  ;  John  Curnutt,  died  at  Nashville,  Tenn.,  July,  1864  ;  Elieba 
Dcering,  died  of  wuuiidn  at  Chntlanooga  D«c«mlicr,  1863 ;  Evan  Day. 
died  at  luka,  Misa,,  Octolier.  18G3:  ^\itey  Eslis,  died  at  Holly  Springs, 
Miss..  January,  1868;  William  H.  Ely.  killed  at  Kenesaw,  Ga..  June. 
186-1 ;  Harvey  Evans,  died  in  Libbv  Prison  April,  1864 ;  Jacob  Gmson, 
diod  at  Mcnijihis  April,  1863  ;  William  Hutchinson,  killed  at  RicbmoDd, 
Ky..  August,  1862 ;  David  Iladloy.  died  at  Memuliis  June,  1863  ;  James 
A.  Uudaon,  died  in  Libby  Prison  November,  ItiOo  ;  James  Johnson,  died 
in  Indiana  October,  1B(J2;  Ri^ubeii  Muraliall,  died  at  Snyder's  Blulf, 
Miaa.,  July,  1863  ;  Gastavus  McCrary,  died  at  Scottaboro,  Ala.,  Mareh, 
18ft4;  James  E.  McN'abb.  died  at  Camp  Sherman,  Miss.,  September, 
1863;  Milton  V.  Peititt,  killed  at  Richmond.  Ky..  August.  1862;  Poler 
Patram.  died  at  Memphis  October.  1863  ;  Joseph  Pointer,  killed  at  Rich- 
mond, Ky..  August,  1S6'2  ;  Hiram  Patram,  died  at  Camp  Loomis,  T^on., 
April,  1863;  Thomas  Parker,  died  in  Libby  Prison  December,  1868; 
Jefferson  Uaini,  died  at  Chatt&nooga  October.  1864 ;  Hobert  Stafford, 
died  at  Camp  Sherman,  Miss.,  September,  1863;  Daniel  Thompson,  died 
at  Camp  Loomis.  Tcnn..  April,  1863!  John  Thompson,  died  at  Grand 
Junction  February.  1863  ;  John  C.  Thornburg,  died  at  Mooi-eavilte,  Ind., 
October,  1862;  Hiram  Wood,  died  at  Anderson  Station,  Tenn.,  Novem- 
ber, 1863;  John  D.  Williama,  killed  at  Richmond,  Ry.,  August,  1862; 
William  Weare,  died  at  (Jrand  Junction,  Tenn,,  May.  1868. 

Twenttf-fiTtt  Rfgiment. — First  Lieut.  Thomas  Grimstead,  died  at 
Nev  Orleans  of  wounds  received  at  Baton  Rouge;  William  Fiehb&ek, 
died  nc  Baton  Rouge  Juno.  1862  :  William  H.  Kuth.  died  at  Baton  Rouge 
June,  1864 ;  Enorf  Bailey,  died  at  Mobile  June,  1866  ;  David  Bailey,  died 
at  New  Orleans  M:trcb,  I860  ;  John  Bryant,  died  at  Baton  House  July, 
1862 ;  Zacbariab  Hall,  died  at  New  Orleans  July,  1864  ;  John  R.  Hae^ 
ings.  died  at  Baton  Rouge  August.  1862  ;  Isaac  Kipliart.  died  in  August, 
1862,  of  wounds  received  at  Baton  Rouge;  George  W.  Fry,  died  of 
wounds  received  nt  Baton  Rouge  in  1862;  A.  H.  Vanvatkenburgh.  died 
at  Ship  Island  April.  1862;  William  Pitcher,  killed  at  Baton  Rouge 
August,  1862;  John  W.  Blackburn,  died  at  New  Orleans  March.  1864; 
Daniel  Colvin,  died  at  New  Orleans  May,  1864 ;  Caleb  S.  Calher,  died 
at  New  Orlffliis  December,  1864 ;  Jamea  Gooch,  died  at  Indianapolis 
October,  1864;  F.  M.  Gooch,  died  at  New  Orleans  March.  1^64  ;  James 
0.  Gamble,  dic<l  at  New  Orleans  March,  1864 ;  William  C.  llabbs,  died 
at  New  Orleans  April,  1864  ;  George  R.  Northern,  died  at  New  Orleans 
March,  1864  ;  William  A.  Hooker,  died  at  Baton  Rouge  May,  L864; 
Andrew  Stines.  died  at  N«;w  Orleans  April.  1864. 

Tioenty-eixih  Rei/imcnt. — John  Boyd,  diud  on  stcomar  "J.  J.  Roe" 



166S;  Thomas  A.  Bunch,  <Ii«d  ot  SpringReH,  Mo.,  September, 
1865!;  WiUUm  CasMdy,  di«d  January,  18(JS,  of  wound*  received  at 
Prwrie  GroT©;  Peter  Coble,  died  December.  1862.  of  wounds  receiifcd  at 
Pnihe  Grcro;  Isaac  Corder,  killed  in  a  sicirmieh  near  Glasj^w,  Mo., 
SqtMliiber.  1861 ;  Hiram  Hand,  died  at  Camp  Hunter,  Mo.,  November, 
1861;  Philip  H4n«td,ai«d  at  New  Orleans  July,  18&1 ;  William  U. 
Harrold,  died  Mar.  1864.  while  prisoner  at  Shreveport.  La.;  William 
Haokey,  died  at  Camp  Hunter,  Mo.,  November,  1861 ;  David  W.  Pool, 
died  at  St.  Louis,  Mo.,  October,  1861  ;  Sergt.  Jeremiah  W.  Shopler, 
died  at  Tipton.  Mo.,  January,  1862:  Isaac  W.  Tacket,  died  at  Ulterville, 
Mo..  Febmary,  1862;  Richmond  Boai,  died  ac  New  Orleans  September, 
1863;  iMao  Carder,  died  March.  1861  ;  Jacob  B.  Duke,  died  at  CarroU- 
too.  La.,  October,  1868 :  Elijah  1.  Uarriman,  killed  at  Prairie  Grove 
December,  1862. 

Twenty-teventh  liegiment. — The  list  of  dead  in  this  regiment  cannot 
b«  given. 

Thirty-third  Regiment. — Thomas  M.  Rhea,  killed  at  Alloona  May, 
1864;  Fraacis  Dane,  kitted  it  Poach  Treo  Creek  July,  1864;  Daniel 
Page,  died  at  Cbattanoog.i  August,  1864,  of  wounds  received  at  Keno- 
•aw ;  JcMe  T.  Shipley,  died  of  iTisease  in  Tennessee ;  Ali!xuiider  C.  Boyd, 
died  of  dlMaae  in  Kentucky;  Jtunea  M.  Carpenter,  died  July.  1H(}4,  of 
wounds  received  at  Peach  Tree  Creek  ;  Enos  C-  Hndley,  died  in  Tcnnes- 
ecc ;  Noah  Uadley,  died  in  Libby  Prison,  1868 ;  Talburt  G.  Hale,  died 
in  Kentucky  ;  Simon  H.  Lasley,  died  at  Crab  Orchard.  Ky.:  Henry  H. 
Mathews,  died  near  Crab  Orchard;  Alfred  Mathews,  died  of  wotind»  At 
Nashville;  Henry  II.  Major,  died  at  Cnb  Orchard  ;  Darid  N.  Mnrsbnll, 
died  in  Georeia;  Martin  V.  McKinley,  died  in  Kentucky;  Jsnica  A. 
Medaris,  died  at  Nashville  August,  1864,  of  wounds;  Isaac  N.Park, 
ied  of  wounds  while  a  prisoner  at  Puloaki,  Teun.;  John  Turner,  died  in 
i«  service;  George  W.  Whetatine,  oomttiitted  suicide  while  insane  at 
eigh,  N.  C.  April.  1865 ;  Wiley  B.  Baker,  missiDz  in  action  in  Ten- 
ii«MC«  ;  Dillian  A»her,  died  in  the  Kcrvice;  John  R.  Bnrlchart,  killed  aC 
EcMca  May.  1864  ;  Samuel  P.  KniKht.  killed  in  battle  February,  1865 ; 
"ames  11.  Brewer,  killed  at  Peach  Tree  Creek  July,  1864 ;  Caleb 
etcher,  kilM  in  battle  February,  1866;  Prettyman  U.  Long,  killed  in 
battle  February,  1865. 

Fifttf-ninth  Ittffiment. — Mary6eld  Walters,  killed  in  a«tion  at  Vickt- 
barg  May.  18(>3  ;  William  T.  Baldwin,  died  at  Gosport,  led.,  January, 
1862;  Warren  Baldwin,  died  before  muster;  Peter  Dcmolt,  died  at 
Buntuville.  Ala.,  April.  1864;  Jamea  R.  Mantiun.  died  at  Gosport  Feb- 
ruary. 1862;  William  Oglos.  died  at  Paducah,  Ky.,  January,  1868; 
vi  Watson,  die<l  at  Jacinto,  Miss.,  August,  1862. 
JSeventifih  Rt^iment. — Calvin  Johnson,  died  at  Gallatin,  Tenn., 
Marxib,  1868;  Iksnjamin  F.  Ballard,  died  at  Gallatin  Mareh.  1868; 
SaoQel  Balleotine,  died  at  Nselivilte,  Tenn.,  Jane,  1864;  Henry  W. 
Contin,  died  at  Gallatin  February,  1H63;  Jacob  Farmer,  died  at  Nash- 
rtlle  of  wounds  June,  1*<64;  Darid  Fugate,  died  at  Rcsaca  of  wounds 
May,  1864  ;  Alonxo  B.  Greeson.  died  at  Resaca  of  wounds  May,  1864; 
Alfred  Grooaon,  died  at  homo  July,  1864  ;  Andrew  Jordan,  died  at  Gal- 
latin Morch,  1868;  Daniel  Lockwond,  died  at  Jeffersanville,  Ind.,  June, 


1864;  Pet«r  White,  died  at  Bnwlinii  Green,  Ky.,JinuarY,  ]!*6S;  Calvin 
Wn«i,  died  of  wounds  at  Resuca  May.  1864;  Jolm  H.  Poe,  died  it 
ChftttsDoogi  August,  1864,  of  ac«idcQul  wounds ;  George  W.  Flftk«, 
died  of  wounds  U  Niuhville  June.  1834:  William  H.  Gibbs,  killed  at 
Rmua  May,  1864 ;  William  Olds,  killed  at  Kenesaw  June.  ISlH;  Abra- 
ham G.  Butterfield.  died  at  Bowling  (ireen  November.  1862 ;  William 
W.  Weaver,  killed  at  Keeaca  May,  1864;  Henley  Albflrtflon.  died  at 
BowliuK  Green  October.  1862  ;  Mill-Jii  Boyd,  killtrd  at  Dalla*,  Oa.,  May, 
1864;  Manhall  Dane,  died  at  Scoltsville,  Ky.,  February,  1863;  Jumes 
E.  De  Courscy,  died  at  Scotttivillc,  Ky.,  December,  1862  ;  SJias  L.  Ray, 
died  May.  1864,  of  woutids  received  at  ReMcn;  Charles  W.  Roberts, 
died  at  Gallatin  May,  1863;  Jacob  Reedy,  died  at  Waahiurlon,  D.  C., 
May,  186-i;  Jamca  Singleton,  killed  at  Peacb  Tree  Creek  Joly.  1864; 
James  W.  Toai,  died  ai  GalUtin  May,  1868;  Hiram  Voyles,"  died  of 
wouods  at  Rosaca  May.  18T4 ;  Mason  Warner,  died  Aogaat,  1864,  of 
wounds  received  near  Atlanta;  Joseph  Whitaon.  died  at  S'ashville,  Feb- 
ruary, 1864;  Isaac  Benge.  died  at  Lookout  Valley  May,  1864;  jamee 
Hatlcy.  died  at  Lookout  Mountain  August.  1864;  Joshua  llammond. 
died  at  AtlanU  October,  1864;  Alexander  Long,  died  at  Chattanooga 
August,  1864. 

Fifth  Cavalry  {yineUeath  Rtyiment). — Jamea  F.  Roberts,  died  in 
prison  at  Florence,  S.  C,  February,  1865 ;  David  R.  Badgley.  supposed 
to  have  died  in  Amlenionville  Prison  ;  Duttou  Loveall,  dim  of  wounds  at 
Knoxvillc.  Tenn..  January,  1864  ;  John  Underwood,  died  at  Covington. 
Ky..  September,  1863. 

One  Hundred  and  Seventeenth  Regiment. —  William  B.  Harryman, 
died  at  Camp  Nelson,  Ky.,  January,  18G4 ;  William  H.  H.  Little,  died 
at  Knoxville,  Tenn.,  November,  1863;  Joseph  H.  McGionis.  died  at 
Kuoxrillo  November,  1863  ;  Stephen  Ogden,  died  at  Knoxville  Novem- 
ber. 1863;  Paris  Pearcc,  died  at  Tazewell,  Tenn.,  January,  1864; 
OzoTfji  W.  Toult,  died  at  KnoxvilU-  November,  1863;  Isaac  Wilooi, 
died  at  Cumberland  Gap  October,  1^63. 

One  Hundred  and  Fortyei^fith  Refitment. — Isaao  Kennedy,  died  at 
home  in  March,  1865 ;  Francis  J.  Perry,  died  at  home  in  March,  1865  ; 
David  Griffin,  died  at  Nsshvillein  April  ,1865  ;  Jamee  S.  Teague,  died  at 
Pulaakt  in  January,  1865. 

Suond  Battery  Light  ArtSUrff. — William  H.  Ourley,  killed  by 
guerrillas  in  May,  1864. 

Tteentif'eitjhik  Regiment  United  Stutri  Colored  Troout. — Andrew 
Evans,  died  at  Alexandria,  Va.  ,in  October,  1864;  Edward  Fiodley,  died 
of  wounds  in  the  field  in  Virginia  in  September.  1864  ;  Jamea  Goat,  died 
at  Alexandria.  Va.,  in  January,  1865;  Zaehariah  T.  Langford,  died  at 
Alexandria,  Va..  in  October,  1864 ;  Dcmpscy  Porter,  died  at  Indianap- 
oliit  in  March,  1864;  Thomas  Riley,  died  of  wounds  in  the  licld  in  Vir- 
ginia in  August,  1864  ;  George  W.  Richey,  died  at  Indianapulis  in  Feb- 
niary,  1864. 

Fifteenth  Regiment. — Robert  B.  Gilbert,  killed  in  the  charge  on  Mis* 
sion  Ridge. 

Ttventj/ -ninth  Regiment. — Jaiuea  B.  Russell,  died  of  disease  in  Febru* 




MOBQA?!    county's   PENSIONERS. 

The  fotlowin^  la  ft  complete  list  of  the  peasionera  of  Morgan  Countj, 
prepared  bv  order  of  the  United  States  Senate  on  the  Ist  daj  of  January, 


Allen,  Thomas  J.,  rbcumatism %  6  00 

Black,  William,  rheumatism 6  00 

Kitchen,  David,  eyes 4  00 

Woods,  Andrew  J.,  hand 4  00 

Pointer.  Benjamin,  hands 16  00 

Welty,  Wslter  W.,  finger 8  00 

Grecson.  William  C.  HT,  leg 6  00 

Roe.  Hilton,  diarrhoea 4  00 

Beem.  Phebe.  widow 8  00 

Ware.  Mary  J.,  widow fi  00 

Lang,  Polly,  widow 8  00 

lAughtln.  Thomaa  J.,  minor  of 18  00 

Campbell.  William  A.,  diarrhcea 8  00 

Campbell,  Lewia  E.,  diarrhcea 8  00 

Baber.  Levi,  rheumatism 8  00 

Taylor,  John  H.,  hip 5  00 

Stnider,  Brantley,  paralysis 18  00 

Allen,  Samuel,  minor  of 10  00 

Miller,  William  P.  T.,  varicose  Teins 13  00 

Utlls,  Thomas,  side 8  00 

liaposey,  Joseph,  diarrhcea 4  00 

Kenneav,  James  C,  varicose  veins 8  00 

Knoy,  Ephraim  R,  diarrh(ea 6  00 

HcOinnis,  John  C,  diarrhcea 6  00 

Shumaker,  Jesse,  heart  disease 8  00 

White.  James  J.,  diarrhcea 4  00 

Fhea,  John  L.,  diseased  liver 4  00 

Patrick.  Noah  A.,  diseased  eyes 4  00 

Watson,  John.  diarrta(£a 6  00 

Holion,  Rebecca,  mother 8  00 

Sp^n,  Maria  E..  widow 6  00 

Donaldson.  Elizabeth  K..  widow,  1813 8  00 

Tincher.  John  D..  diarrhcea 4  00 

McOuistioQ,  Hugh,  leg 10  00 

Dooley,  Moses,  varicose  vt-in 10  00 

McNaughl,  Robert  W..  injured  eyes 8  00 

Beaton.  George  W.,  legs B  00 

Fletcher,  Vardemnn.  finger 8  00 

Brown.  Andrew  C.  arm 18  00 

Eivett,  Daniel,  insane 50  00 

Lee,  John  C,  ankle 4  00 

Hawthorne.  James,  paralysis 50  00 

Young,  Hannibal,  bronchitis 2  00 

Elmore.  Mary  F..  widow 8  00 

Williams,  Levi,  minor  of 7  38 

Sturgeon,  Ellen,  widow 8  00 

Holmes,  Mary  J.,  widow 8  00 

Pearce.  ElMaii  J.,  arm 4  00 

Johnson.  Thomaa  W.,  hand 1  00 

Creed,  John  M..  heart 18  00 

Miller,  Henry  R.,  diarrhoea 6  00 

Vooheis,  Simon  L.,  leg 4  00 

Rouey,  Peter,  minor  of 10  00 

Collier,  James,  disease  of  abdomen     S  00 

Collier,  Jeremiah,  diseased  ear 6  00 

Bright,  William  H..  foot 6  00 

Burton.  Joseph,  diarrhcea 4  00 

Bums,  John,  disease  of  heart S  00 

Blana,  Jesoe,  Injury  to  back 8  00 

Johnson.  Jarvla  J.,  disease  of  abdomen 26  00 

Farr.  Uriah  H.,  rheumatism 6  00 

Fisher,  Nathaniel,  bronchitis 6  00 


Bvans.  Thomas  D.,  neck |4  00 

UcOowen.  James  N.,  arm 6  00 

McNair.  FranciB  M.,  diarrhcea 8  00 

Qoble,  Lewis,  abdomen 4  00 

Mass,  William  A.,  diarrhcea 4  00 

MiUer.  John,  elbow $  00 

Dilley.  William  A.,  leg 4  00 

Crider,  Lewii,  abdomen 4  00 

Burton,  James  £..  thigh 15  00 

Rodgers,  Anderson  N.,  Mp 3  00 

Carroll,  Franci^M.,  heart  disease B  00 

Crone.  Henry,  tbigh 4  00 

Warner,  George  W..  abdomen 8  00 

Blureeon,  Tbomas  R..  lunm 2  00 

SingletoD.  Thomas,  diarrhcea 8  00 

Shields,  Ahel  P.,  rheumatism 4  00 

Ribison,  William,  rheumatism 12  00 

Kimble.  Elijah,  eyes 8  00 

Maher.  William,  hand 8  00 

Faulker,  Bquire.  abdomen 8  00 

Fulcher,  Erasmus  D.,  lungs 4  00 

Harvey,  Mary,  widow 13  00 

Bonner,  Ann,  widow  10  00 

Haywood.  Louisa,  widow 8  00 

Simons.  Mallnda.  widow 8  00 

Harrymau.  Emily,  widow 8  00 

Taylor,  Martha,  widow 6  00 

Jones,  Elizabeth  M..  widow 8  00 

Qriffln,  David  C,  survivor  1813 10  00 

Bowlin,  Elizabeth  A.,  widow 8  00 

Ryan,  Elizabeth  A.,  widow 8  00 

Rigg,  Barah,  widow 8  00 

RoMrts.  Rachel,  widow 8  00 

Kaugbton.  Margaret,  widow 6  00 

Garrison.  William  T.,  minor  of 14  00 

Basker,  Delilah,  mother 8  00 

Groves.  Jane,  mother 8  00 

Rouey,  Ellen,  widow 12  00 

Persinger,  Barbary.  widow.  1812 8  00 

HcConn,  Mourning,  widow,  1812 8  00 

King.  Eliza,  widow.  1812 8  06 

Hensley,  John,  diarrhtea 2  00 

Lafaver,  Samuel,  lungs 2  00 

Kunkle.  William,  kidneys 4  00 

Townsend,  Thomas  J.,  leg 3  00 

Kennedy,  Thomas  A.,  head 8  00 

Kennedy,  Daniel  P.,  pharyngitis 8  00 

Hocker,  Malclon,  lungs 8  00 

Hatleg,  Leroy  T..  shoulder 6  00 

Johnson,  William  C.  W..  leg 18  00 

Payton,  Harrison,  fool 8  00 

Payne.  James  M..  abdomen 6  00 

Ruder,  Wesley,  both  eyes 73  00 

Northern.  Lewis  G..siae 4  00 

Troxel,  Jacob,  rheumatism 18  00 

Toner,  James  E.,  thigh 13  00 

O'Neal,  Willis,  diarrhcea 60  00 

Olds,  Henry  H.,  varicose  veins 14  00 

Hammans.  John  T.,  face 18  00 

Ferrin,  Isaac,  disease  of  abdomen 18  00 

Harper,  John,  heel fi  00 

Graves.  Charles  M.,  heart 8  00 

Harrigan.  William,  cheek 4  00 

Hardwick,  John,  disease  of  abdomen 6  00 

Baker,  Levi,  arm 8  00 

Burpo,  Jesse  B. ,  enlargement  of  heart 8  00 

Farr.  James  B..  neck 18  00 

Hammond,  William,  arm 8  00 


JordOD,  James  H.,  tdp $8  00 

HcSnler,  George  W.,  thigh 4  00 

Harper,  Isaac  nT,  thigh 8  00 

Mosier,  James  R.  bip 12  00 

Walker,  George  M.,  leg 4  00 

Stiles,  Jesse  L.  R..  diarrhaa 12  00 

Smith.  EHjah,  liver 4  00 

Tacket,  Thomas,  injury  to  back 8  00 

Thompsoii,  Jesse,  neuralgia 8  00 

Bailey,  Dand,  ophthalmia 18  00 

Bennett,  William  U.,  part  deafness 12  00 

Anderson,  William  H.  H..  shoulder 14  00 

Biick,  James  A..  sunBtrokc 24  00 

UcCracker,  William,  abdomen 11  25 

Liodley,  Jeptha,  diarrhoea B  00 

Lewallen,  Alonzo,  lungs 4  00 

Hayden.  John  W..  left  hand 12  00 

Wllhite.  William  W.,  shoulder 4  00 

Statzell.  Isaac,  leg 4  00 

Jealer,  Rebecca,  widow 8  00 

Brown.  Lucy  M.,  widow 8  00 

Ruth.  Jemima,  mother 8  OO 

Jordan.  Jane  R.,  mother 8  00 

Thomas,  Lvdia  J.,  widow 12  00 

Greeson,  Tibby,  mother 8  00 

Bly.  William  G.,  disease  of  heart 8  00 

Franc,  James  N.,  neck 5  00 

Homaday,  Thomas  R.,  neuralgia 8  00 

Mitchell  Bloomfleld.  abdomen 4  00 

Hinson.  John  W..  loss  of  leg 18  00 

lUcbardson.  Robert  M..  thigb 4  00 

Wise.  Jacob  R..  disease  of  abdomen 4  00 

Hensley,  Benjamin  F.,  rheumatism 4  DO 

Farmer,  Peter  C,  arm 18  00 

Mitchell,  George  W..  lumbago 14  00 

Hinson,  James  A.,  impure  raccine 8  OO 

Sellars,  Peter,  disease  of  heart 8  00 

Vansanl,  Joel  D.,  leg 6  00 

Rhodc8,  Mary  A.,  mother 8  00 

Bates,  William  H.,  minor  of 10  00 

Greeson,  Rebecca,  widow 8  00 

Wood.  Nancy,  widow 8  00 

Ferguson,  Mary  C,  widow 8  00 

Painter,  Lutitia.  widow 8  00 

Thomberry,  Francis,  survivor  1812 6  00 

Hatfield.  Allen  A.,  diseased  eyes 18  00 

Fester.  WiHiam  H.,  side 12  76 

Jacobs,  James,  tLigb 4  00 

Prosser,  George,  thigh 24  00 

Runde.  Francis  F..  thigh 2  00 

Monroe,  Calvin,  diorrhcea 10  00 

Deaver,  James,  diseased  lungs 18  00 

Steel,  James  W..  thigh 3  00 

Ruahton,  William,  diarrhcea 4  00 

Power,  Jacob  B.,  diarrhcea 4  OO 

Varble.  Philip,  rheumatism 8  00 

Knight,  Deucy  M.,  jaw 14  00 

Eelso,  James  P.,  hand 5  88 

Lflke,  Sarah,  widow 10  00 

Whitstine.  Catherine,  widow 8  00 

Melton.  Martha,  widow 8  00 

Basker.  Elizabeth,  widow 8  00 

Neidlgh.  Adella.  widow 8  00 

Morris.  Eleanor,  widow 8  00 

Prosser,  Elizabeth,  widow 8  00 

Olidden.  Margaret,  widow 8  00 

Long,  Nancy,  widow 8  00 

Barnes,  Elizabeth,  widow,  1812 8  00 


Coleman,  Elizabeth,  widow |8  00 

Lake,  Elizabeth,  widow 8  00 

Baker,  Andrew  J.,  1e^ 4  00 

Brown.  George  U.,  diarrhcea 6  00 

Hodges.  Thomas  T.,eyee 4  00 

Enigut,  .Tameq  H.,  diaoase  of  abdomen 8  00 

Tandy.  John  A.,  diarrhaa 2  00 

Baatian,  Jonathan  H..  hand 4  00 

Barion,  William  H..  lung 18  00 

,  Robinson,  Joseph  C,  diarrhcea 13  00 

Breeden.  John  N.,  ankle , 8  00 

Warthen.  Rboda,  widow,  1813 8  00 

Hone,  Benjamin  P.,  abdomen 8  00 

Keplinger,  John  E.,  catarrh 8  00 

Kidwell.  Jasper  N-  thigh 8  00 

Taylor,  Henry  B.,  leg 8  00 

Taylor,  John,  survivor  1812 8  00 

Uedsker,  John,  chest 11  00 

Briant,  George  R.,  loss  left  arm 34  00 

Singleton.  Rachel,  widow 8  00 

Pearce,  Ausiice.  widow 8  00 

McDaniel,  Mary,  widow 8  00 



"TTTASHINGTON  TOWNSHIP  ia  the  largest  civil  diviaion  of  the 
VV  county,  being  composed,  as  nearly  na  can  be  estimated,  of  sixty 
squure  miles  of  valley  and  upland.  There  are  several  very  beautiful 
viewB,  one  being  from  the  bluffs  near  the  county  seat  down  the  river  val- 
ley until  aky  and  timber  meet  at  Gosport,  fifteen  miles  away.  The  up- 
land ia  not  good  for  agriculture,  but  there  is  no  richer  or  more  productive 
soil  in  the  State  than  in  the  river  valley  and  along  the  amaller  atreams. 
The  first  aettleraent  in  the  township  was  made  by  the  Cutlers,  who 
located  their  land  in  the  fall  of  1819,  and  in  the  early  spring  of  1820 
brought  their  families  out  for  permanent  residence.  It  is  uncertain  who 
came  next,  but  within  a  few  months  several  other  families  arrived,  among 
them  being  those  of  Joel  Ferguson,  John  Gray,  Samnel  Scott,  John 
Case,  Joshua  Taylor,  Joseph  Townsend,  George  Matthews,  Benjamin 
Freeland,  Benjamin  Hoffman,  Joshua  Gray,  Thomas  Jenkins,  John 
Sims,  Chester  Holbrook,  Alexander  Rowand,  Norman  Reed,  Isaac  Hoi- 
landsworth,  Pressley  Buckner,  Samuel  Elliott,  Jonathan  Williams,  James 
Reynolds,  James  and  Charles  Clark,  and  a  little  later  George  and  Morris 
Baker,  Christopher  Parker,  Simon  Bishop,  Philip  Burns,  Mosea  Voylee, 
Philip  Bnsa,  William  SeaU,  James  Burk,  William  Townsend  ttnd  many 
others  whose  names  cannot  be  learned.  After  the  county  seat  had  been 
located  in  1822,  the  settlement  in  the  vicinity  was  rnpid.  The  southern 
part  of  the  township  did  not  settle  up  until  in  the  thirties,  at  which  time 
almost  all  the  land  there  was  entered,  a  portion  of  it  by  capitalists  at 
Martinsville  or  elsewhere.  Almost  the  whole  township  was  covered  with 
a  heavy  growth  of  the  choicest  native  forestry,  through  which  many  wild 



anitDBU  roamed. 
JoQM.  who  tired  « 

is  Atntetl  hj  William  Taytor  (hat  n  man  named  Perry 
short  dintance  north  of  lh«  coantj  seat,  in  one  day 
kille^l  6t«  beuTd.  two  of  tbeni  bein^  cubs.  The  last  one  was  wonndetl, 
ait<]  actaeked  the  hunter,  who  killcdit  with  his  gnn  barrel.  Thisoccurred 
jiLYt  aouth  of  town.  It  is  told  of  FrMsIey  Buckner  that  be  saw  several 
animala  lying  in  the  leaves  in  the  woods  one  day,  nod  at  first  thought 
ihey  were  wolves.  He  fired  and  killed  one,  whereupon  the  others  ran. 
Thi  hunter  v%s  astonished  to  find  thnt  his  wolf  was  a  big  panther.  This 
also  occurred  near  Murtitisville. 


The  town  of  ^t1)^tinsvitIe  had  its  origin  in  the  act  of  the  State  Legis- 
latare,  which  brouf;ht  the  county  of  Morgan  into  existence.  Thiii  act 
wsa  approved  by  the  Governor  on  the  31at  of  December,  lt^21,  an! 
provided  that  James  Borland,  of  Monroe  County ;  Hiouias  Beailey,  of 
Lawrence  County;  Phillip  Hnrt,  of  Owen  County;  John  Milroy.  of 
Washington  County,  and  John  Martin,  of  Washington  County,  should 
meet  at  the  house  of  John  Gray  on  the  1st  day  of  March.  IS22, 
to  liH-ale  and  permanently  "sot  the  euke"  of  the  new  county  stat. 
It  is  not  certain  that  at!  the  Commissioners  appointed  convened  as 
provided  in  the  act,  though,  if  not.  a  majority  met  on  the  day  specified 
at  Mr.  Gray's  residence.  There  w«r«  two  or  more  rival  locations  in 
tb«  county  for  the  county  seat,  one  being  at  MartinBville.  another 
near  Ccutcrton,  and  another,  it  is  staled,  at  Wevcrly.  Tbs  latter 's 
preicusions  were  easily  evaded,  owing  to  its  location  in  the  extreme 
eaateni  portion  of  the  county.  Ccnterton  bad  every  advantage  of  loca- 
(JDO ;  bat  sufficient  influence  cnuld  not  be  brought  to  bear  upon  the 
looating  Commissioners,  owing  to  the  fact  that  there  was  scarcely  a  settler 
in  that  vicinity.  On  the  contrary,  while  Martinsville  was  ftoulh  of  the 
center  of  th«  county,  there  were  four  or  five  intolligcni  and  prominent 
mm  living  in  that  vicinity  who  offisreiJ  valuable  donations  of  Und,  and 
periiips  oUier  property,  to  secure  the  prize.  Accordingly,  after  viewing 
the  various  rival  locations  and  other  portion)!  of  the  central  part  of  the 
eoanty,  and  after  weighing  all  the  tendered  donations,  the  locating  Com- 
missioners permauently  fixed  the  scat  of  justice  at  MartJnsville. 

It  mast  be  noticed,  however,  that  up  to  this  period,  there  was  no  sign 
of  »  town  at  what  is  now  Martinsville.  The  land  was  covered  with  a 
rieh  growth  of  native  forestry,  and  nnmerous  pits  or  holes  dotted  the 
nrface.  An  old  Delaware  trail  ran  acix)9s  the  town  site  from  northeast 
to  sonthwoac,  nasaing  near  the  soulheni«t  corner  of  the  public  squire,  and 
also  near  the  large  spring  of  water  in  the  hills  northeast  of  the  town. 

It  IB  not  positively  known  how  the  town  came  to  be  called  Martina- 
*iUc.  The  most  reasonable  among  several  ways  mentioned  is  that  it  waa 
BHB«d  frnra  John  Martin,  of  Washington  County,  the  oldc«t  of  the 
beating  Com  mission  era.  Bui  this  origin  of  the  name  must  not  bo  regarded 
aa  positively  established.  The  loeation  wag  coinpletod  tho  first  week  in 
March.  1B22.  The  site  selected  was  upon  the  line  dividing  Townships 
II  and  m  north,  Range  I  east,  of  the  Second  Principal  Meridian,  the 
towftship  tine  passing  across  the  public  square.     The  site  was  aUo  upon 



Section  4  of  the  former  township,  and  Section  33  of  the  Utter.     The 
following  entries  on  these  Mcliona  hnd  been  made: 








Join  Qroy 

JoBhun  Taylor. 
Siunuel  Scoil . . 
Joel  FergiuoB . 
Joel  FerguKon . 
Jacob  Cutler... 
Jdoob  Cutler... 





















September  4,  Hm.. 
September.4.  IMO.. 
September  4,  IfW.. 
January  9.  1831.... 
September  5.  1830.. 
September  0,  1820.. 
September  S.  ]8S0.. 
Sepioniber  5.  1820. . 

£.  i  N.  E.  i. 

W.  (  N.  E.  *. 
E.  1  K.  W.  i. 
W.  i  N.  W.  i. 
E.  t  8.  E.  i. 
W.  i  S.  E.  *. 
E.  i  8   W.  J. 
W.  i  S.  W.  f. 

In  the  immediate  vicinily  of  thot^e  actions,  the  following  men  hid 
also  entered  luiid : 

John  Coinior,  Larlcin  Reynolds,  Thomas  Jenkitis,  Jacob  Cuee,  Reulien 
Most,  Alexander  UowantI,  Allen  Gray.  Jacob  Lafuver  and  othere,  aa  will 
be  seen  from  another  chapter  of  tbia  volume. 


Aa  a  coniideration  for  the  locatioo  of  the  county  ee&t  thereon,  the 
following  donations  of  land  were  ruade  to  Morgan  County:  By  Joel  Per- 
giuon,  thirty-soren  sn<l  one-half  a<;re«  on  the  west  half  of  the  southeast 
Quarter  of  Section  33,  Township  12,  Range  I  ez»t;  Uy  Jacob  Cutler, 
tntrtr-seven  and  one-half  acres  on  the  weat  half  of  the  southwest  quarter 
of  the  wime  section  ;  by  John  Gray,  forty  acres  on  the  west  half  of  the 
noriheoBt  quarter  of  Section  4,  Township  11,  Range  1  «a*t;  by  Joshua 
Taylor  mid  Samue!  Scott,  forty  acres  on  the  ea*t  Imlf  of  ihe  northwest 
quarter;  in  all,  156  acres  of  good  land. 

So  far  OS  can  be  learned,  tnls  latid  wan  the  only  donation,  exct^pt  the 
large  spring  northeast  of  town,  which  woa  forever  granted  to  the  use  of 
the  town  of  Martinsville  by  Joel  Ferguson  in  April.  1822.  The  locating 
Commissioners  did  not  lay  off  the  town  ;  they  fixed  the  eountv  seat,  se- 
cured the  donations,  and  then  Irnnsferred  all  further  uction  to  George  W. 
Preston,  Count}-  Agent.  During  the  latter  part  of  May,  the  new  town 
was  surveyed  and  platted  under  the  supervision  of  the  County  Agent,  by 
James  Ga'ttelly,  Coanty  Surveyor,  assisted  by  Benjamin  Hoffman,  Larkin 
Reynolds,  Jonathan  Willinma  ami  others.  A  total  of  forty-two  blocks 
was  Utd  off  on  the  donat«(I  land,  tieven  blocks  east  and  wost,  and  six 
north  and  south,  together  with  a  row  of  undivided  out-blocks  or  lata, 
extending  entirely  around  the  town  proper.  The  forty-two  blocka  were 
subdivided  into  lots,  except  Block  18,  which  was  reserved  for  the  public 
Muore.  The  old  plat  shows  Water,  Sycamore,  Jefferson,  Main,  Mulberry, 
Marion  and  Cherry  streotH  extcntling  east  and  west,  beginning  on  the 
south,  and  Highland,  Harrison,  Pike,  Morgan,  Washington,  Jackeon, 
Columbus  and  Walnut  streets  extending  north  and  south,  beginning  on 
the  east. 

The  first  public  sale  of  tots  occurred  in  June,  1823,  and  unfortunately 
a  full  account  of  ihta  sale  cannot  be  given.  Another  took  place  in 
Aaguat,  and  still  another  in  November,  the  total  receipts  of  the  sale 



IboUng  op  to  $364.02.  Sfiveml  pablio  aalcs  took  pltca  id  1828,  nnd 
feraral  during  Hubaetjaent  yean,  until  all  llie  lota  were  (liapoM<l  of,  vrliich 
did  Dot  occur  until  about  ttiirt;  years.  The  names  of  tne  bayera  c«n 
aot  be  stated. 


Tbe  io|;  honse  of  Jacob  Cutler,  erecte<l  a  short  (listane«  north  of  the 
Dorthfajtt  corner  of  the  public  square,  was  tbe  first  on  tbe  town  site,  and 
"KM  built  in  18:^0.  It  wa0  the  first  county  court  house,  and  was  the  office 
of  George  H.  Beeler,  the  firnt  Cleric  ana  Recorder  nf  the  county,  Mr. 
Beeler  being  a  son-in-law.  it  is  staled,  of  Mr.  Cutler.  Among  tliu  early 
bnjrere  of  lots  were  G.  H.  Beeler.  Jared  Olds.  John  Morrison,  Jacob 
Caller,  Joel  Ferguson,  John  Gray,  Samacl  Seott,  Joahua  Taylor  and 
Jamvs  Clark.  About  lix  fainiliea  locnted  in  town  in  1822.  In  tbe  rail. 
Joshua  Tarlor  opened  the  Gntt  tuvern  a  short  distance  south  of  town. 
John  SiiDK  waa  the  first  fitnrc  keeper,  ao  far  ns  known,  and  began  selling 
from  a  Hnall  stock  of  notions  in  the  sprinf*  of  1823.  His  stock  of  mer- 
obandise  vaa  probably  worth  less  ihaa  $100.  He  obtained  his  license 
to  sell  liquor  and  a  few  goods  and  notions  and  keep  tavern  the  following 
bll,  and  paid  $10  for  it  for  one  yea.t.  Joahua  Taylor's  tavern  paid  a 
license  of  $10  per  annmn.  Taverns  in  those  davH  alinoist  invariably 
contained  a  bar,  at  which  excellent  whisky  and  other  lifjuor  could  be  ob- 
tained— for  the  money.  The  early  tavernaat  Martinsville  were  no  excep- 
tion to  the  rale. 

[n  tbe  spring  of  1824,  Q.  W.  Pre«ton  became  tavern  keeper,  and  a 
tittle  later  in  the  same  year  John  Sims  renewed  hie  license  for  the  same 
oeoBpation.  In  the  autumn  of  td24.  Koah  Allison  brought  to  the  town 
a  atnall  stock  of  general  merchanditie,  proballv  about  $600  worth,  and 
was  no  doubt  the  first  genuine  store  kceppr  of  the  place.  At  this  time, 
the  town  oontained  about  nixtccn  fauiitii-s,  and  wan  iiuite  a  thriving  little 
place.  Carpenters,  coopers,  blacksmiths,  and  other  useful  artisans  and 
(■ecbaoics  were  present  plying  their  crafts.  Maila  were  received  daily, 
tbe  route  lying  from  IndianapoliH,  via  Hloomington  to  MadiNon.  Jona- 
tlun  Williams  was  the  carrier  about  this  time  and  later.  It  is  likely  that 
ChrlBtopber  Ladd  kept  tavern  in  Martinsville  at  an  early  day.  though 
this  is  somewhat  uncertain.  It  is  positively  known  that  be  was  a  resident 
of  Port  Royal  early  in  tbe  twenties.  A  school  had  been  started,  preachers 
had  cone  in  to  exponnd  tbe  faith  as  they  understood  it,  and  a  county 
court  boose  and  a  county  jail  had  j oat  been  erected.  Altogether,  Mar< 
tiuarille  Was  a  thrifty  town. 

Id  1825,  John  Sims.  Bcnjnmin  Cutler.  Jacob  Cutler  and  John  Mc- 
Kinney  aold  liquor.  The  Cutlers  hiid  erected  a  distillery  at  the  big  epring, 
and  were  furnishing  quite  ex'-ensively  for  that  day  an  excellent  article  of 
corn  whisky.  It  is  said  tbey  rectified  no  small  amount  of  the  liquor,  and 
it  is  also  said  with  a  signifJcaot  etnile  and  shake  of  the  head  that  no  such 
vhiakv  i*  seen  in  those  days  of  degenerate  drinks.  Noah  Allison  re- 
newed hif)  store  license  in  1825.  an<l  iiit-ren^ied  liis  stock  in  siee  and  qua)> 
ity,  as  is  proved  by  the  higher  license  paid  by  him.  Larkin  Heynolda  sold 
bijuor  in  1820,  as  did  also  James  Clark,  the  Cutters,  Samuel  Wick  and 
perhaps  others.     The  number  of  liquor  sellers  wna  tbe  result  of  the  uni- 



renal  custom  of  drinking.  Men,  Tomen  sod  cbtltlrcn  took  thtir  potations 
regularly,  aiiil  it  id  aswrled  hy  old  eetclen.  who  ougbt  to  koow,  ttiat  tbero 
WU  lees  dnmkenneea  th«n,  than  cow.  In  1826,  Jacob  Cutkr  opened  with 
over  $1,000  ivonh  of  general  merctinndi-sfi.     fl«  also  began  to  haj  and 

f}Bck  a  fen  hoga,  and  buj  wheat  tod  corn  for  ehipmont,  and  th«  latter 
argelv  Tor  manufacture  into  whisky  at  his  distillerT.  It  is  stated  that  he 
sent  tno  first  boat  load  of  pork  from  Martinsville  aown  th«  river  to  X«w 
OrWna.  He  obtained  groceries  at  that  noint.buthisdry  goods  were  obtained 
Urgel_v  from  the  southern  part  of  the  Slate.  la  November,  1826,  G.  H. 
Beeler  wlso  npene<l  a  Bmall  store  of  frenernl  merchandise.  A  tannery  had 
been  started  m  early  as  18:24,  by  John  Sims  who.  it  is  said,  condacted 
it  coDtlnuoiuly  uutfl  his  death,  in  about  1841!.  This  tannery  in  early 
jearg  was  one  of  the  important  induetrial  features  of  the  town.  The  big 
dialillery  at  the  spring  waa  another.  It  is  said  that  Abraham  Kiddy  wws 
the  first  blacksmith  in  town.  Mr.  Anderson  aiiccoc^icd  him.  Uenjamiu 
Bull  was  the-  first  resident  attorney.  Larkin  Reynolds  abo  had  a  strong 
puBsion  for  the  calling  of  RIaekstone.  A  man  named  Samuel  Drake,  was 
ooDnected  in  business  with  Mr.  Sims  in  IB'ZH  and  later.  The  latter 
gentleman.  Dr.  John  Sims,  was  a  man  of  good  brain  and  education,  and 
was  tbe  first  resident  physician.  He  practiced  over  a  ciKuit  of  sixty 
miles,  being  occasionjilly  called  to  see  a  patient  thirty  milefi  away.  He 
hud  several  finu  hordes  of  the  St.  Churtoii  breed,  tlif  great  race-liorse  stock 
of  that  day,  and  in  bi)>  long  and  rapid  ridei)  was  always  accompanied  by 
Ml  old  pair  of  leather  saddle-bags  which  containe<i  his  medicine  coses.  He 
knew  well  how  to  bleed  and  purge  and  do!<e  with  herbs  and  quiiiioa  and 
snnkerool  and  ipecac,  as  was  the  custoni  in  those  days. 

Noab  .A.IIi8on,  John  Sims  and  G.  H.  Bwjler  wore  the  raerrhanU  in 
1827,  and  Jacob  Cutler,  John  Cutler  and  several  others  tbe  liquor  stdlers. 
Cliris  Ladd  was  tavern  keeper  about  tliis  time,  if  ri^ports  are  reliable. 
Thu  town  remained  about  the  same  in  1828.  In  IH2'^,  Sims  k  Drake, 
Q.  H.  Beeler  and  Washburn  k  Co.  wero  the  merehants,  and  John  Hurst 
and  John  Craig  the  liquor  acUors.  In  1830,  the  merchants  were  the 
»me,  except  that  G.  A.  Phelps  had  taken  the  place  of  Mr.  Iteeler. 
•  Robert  Wortbington  anil  .John  IIun;t  sold  liquor.  In  1831,  lh«  mer- 
chariis  were  Phelps  k  Co.,  Waahbuni  k  Co..  James  Cunningliam  and 
John  Sims.  In  1632,  John  Sims,  Phelps  k  Co.,  Jnmes  Cunningham 
and  James  M.  Mitchell,  the  latter  having  btsiD  formerly  connected  with 
the  Grm  of  Wuahbum  k  Co.  in  the  capacity  of  clerk.  James  Dickens, 
R.  D.  Worlhingioii.  J.  J.  Graham  and  olhers  were  Bolliiig  liquor.  In 
1633,  Jolin  Sims,  J.  k  L.  D,  Cunningham  and  J.  M.  Mitchell  were  the 
merchuits.  In  1834,  John  Sims,  James  Cunningham,  J.  M.  Mitchell, 
William  Scott  and  Witliant  Siiccrer  sold  goodtt.  Giles  Mitchell  kept 
tavern  where  the  Mason  House  now  stands,  beginning  in  1854  or  IBS6. 
In  1831,  a  caravan  of  wild  animaln  exhibited  at  the  counlv  scat  for  95 
license.  Benedict  k  Eldred's  circus  exhibited  there  in  1833.  and  J.  T. 
&  J.  P.  JBaiiey'a  circus  and  menu^iene  in  1835,  and  Frost,  iluslcd  &  Co.'s 
circus  in  1H36.  In  1835,  iho  mercliants  were  Ilite  A  Parks,  William 
Scott,  James  Cunniugbam,  J.  M.  Mitchell.  William  Sheerer  and  John 
Sims;  in  1836.  Cunninglum,  Mitchell,  W.  H.  Craig,  Joseph  Dawson, 
P.  M.  k  N.  Parks,  MUcliell.     At  this  time,  tbe  popmation  of  the  to«n 


ftboat  200.  From  the  fouD<lfttioQ  of  the  town  up  to  1837,  among 
tlie  residents  had  been  the  families  of  John  Sims,  P.  M.  BlankeDsbip, 
G.  H.  Beeler,  Isaac  D.  Sheppard,  J.  M.  Mitchell  (single),  James  Lank- 
fcrd  (colored),  Benjamin  Sweet  (a  carpenter),  Dr.  H.  R.  Stevens,  Joahun 
Taylor,  P.  M.  Parka,  P.  B.  McCoy,  Jacob  Cutler,  Benjamin  Cutler, 
Jonathan  Hunt,  BeDJamin  Bull,  G.  A.  Phelps,  James  Gallatly,  James  R^ 
(carpenter),  John  Eckles.  Dr.  Matheny,  James  Jackson,  Dr.  Huff,  W.  H. 
Craig,  James  Crawford,  Edward  Talbert,  James  Epperson,  Jacob  Crum- 
baek,  J.  J.  Graham,  Ed  Warren,  Joshua  Taylor,  Allen  Gray,  John 
Gray,  Sr.  and  Jr.,  John  Moran  (a  cooper),  Jacob  Vansickle,  Mr.  Gard- 
ner, Andrew  Rose,  Hewitt  Nutter  (hotel  keeper),  John  Glessner  (a  shoe* 
maker),  Robert  Wortbington,  William  Sheerer,  Giles  Mitchell,  James 
Cunninfrham,  William  Cox,  Noah  Allison,  Joseph  Dawson,  William 
Story,  George  Mahoney  (a  blacksmith  who  was  killed  by  lightning),  B. 
F.  Barnard,  Thomas  McClure  (a  blacksmith),  \V.  J.  Brag  (same),  Jacob 
Ellis  (cabinet-maker),  A.  T.  Whiteman,  and  many  others,  including 
those  mentioned  a  few  pages  back. 


From  1835  to  about  1850,  Martinsville  did  a  large  business  in  ship- 
ping pork  and  grain  by  boat  to  New  Orleans  or  other  Southern  pointe. 
The  principal  men  engaged  in  this  business  during  that  period  were  John 
Sims,  W.  H.  Craig,  James  Cunningham,  P.  M.  Parks  and  J.  M.  and  S. 
M.  Mitchell,  nearly  all  of  whom  owned  separate  warehouses  or  slaughter- 
houses. Mr.  Parks  and  the  Mitchells  were  engaged  in  the  business  some- 
what more  extensively  than  the  others.  It  is  stated  that  during  some 
seasons  in  the  fortie.x,  not  less  than  9,00U  hogs  were  slaughtered  at 
Martinsville,  and  shipped  on  flat-boats  down  the  river.  The  stock  was 
purchased  over  a  large  section  of  country,  driven  to  the  slaughter  houses, 
killed  and  packed  by  from  five  to  fifteen  men,  and  the  following  spring 
loaded  on  flat-boats  sixty  or  one-hundred  feet  long  and  floated  down  the 
river  to  market.  This  extensive  business  called  into  existence  many 
coopers  to  make  barrels,  and  brought  to  town  many  men  of  means  who 
were  attracted  by  the  activity  and  extent  of  commercial  transactions. 
Much  of  the  pork  was  not  packed  in  barrels,  but  was  shipped  in  bulb. 
Upon  the  arrival  at  New  Orleans,  the  cargo,  which  had  been  consigned  to 
some  commission  house,  was  delivered.and  the  boats  sold  for  from  $50  to 
8150.  The  return  as  far  as  Madison,  was  made  by  steamboat,  a  stock 
of  foreign  groceries  usually  being  brought  up.  The  remainder  cf  the 
trip  was  by  wagon,  until  railroads  came  into  use  early  in  the  forties,  and 
after  that  the  journey  by  wagon  was  from  Franklin.  Experienced  pilots, 
men  who  followed  the  business,  more  or  less  constantly  from  year  to  year 
during  the  shipping  seasons,  were  put  in  charge  of  the  helm  on  the  flat- 
boats,  and  four  strong  men  would  ply  the  oars.  The  pork  trade  alone 
did  much  to  build  up  the  county  seat.  The  shipments-of  grain  were  not 
so  extensive.  Com  was  fed  to  hogs,  and  the  wheat  did  not  greatly  exceed 
the  home  demand.  As  high  as  15,000  bushels  of  those  two  grains  and 
oats  were  shipped  some  seasons.  The  business  of  general  merchandising 
was  also  an  important  industrial  feature  of  the  town  late  in  the  thirties, 
and  daring  the  forties.     For  years  the  leading  merchants  were  the  Cun- 



ninghvDS,  Ptrke  &  Hits  and  tlio  Mitchells.  Ab  high  ae  $26*000  worth 
of  goods  was  often  in  some  of  the  stores,  the  aatiual  sales  amounting  some 
eeasona  to  ^O.OOO.  The  Cunninghams  were  then,  and  have  been  since, 
among  the  inO!<t  enterpriaing.  influential  antl  pablic-spiritod  oiiiz^'nA  of 
the  count\  scat.  It  would  be  pU-uaant  to  suy  the  same  of  certain  other 
wealthy  cilineiis  of  the  town,  hut  fact*  forbid.  The  sale  of  goods  was 
Urg«lv  on  credit,  for  m«n  had  but  little  monej.  Commercial  exchanges 
ner«  largely  effected  hj  barter.  So  much  butter  was  worth  no  much 
eugur;  so  many  bushels  of  potatoes  were  worth  so  many  busbela  of  ealt; 
80  many  dozen  «gg»  were  worth  so  many  yurils  of  mlico.  Even  balances 
were  settled  with  eomtnodi ties.  SlorchauW  were  forced  by  the  fiat  of 
events  to  take  every  class  of  farm  production  for  their  waree.  Goods 
were  purchased  twice  a  year  usually,  and  upon  the  receipt  of  newstocks  a 
rush  was  mnde  to  secure  the  choice.  Years  sometimes  elapsed  ere  pay- 
ments and  settlements  were  made.  A  ranch  greater  percentage  of  .tales 
wa«  had  than  now,  and  tnerchHtits  cnlculated  on  this  when  they  es- 
tabliehed  their  percentage  of  profit.  Swine  wero  the  groat  prodiiotion  of 
Morgan  County  in  enrly  years.  They  were  easily  kept  during  the  win- 
ter on  the  rich  mast  which  covered  the  forest  grounds.  Their  alaiigbter 
wu  one  of  the  lending  industries.  The  converance  by  boat  to  market, 
thotieh  Burronndcd  with  perils  to  the  cargo  an^  toil  to  the  boatmen,  waa 
a  rich  niid  varied  pWasure.  The  soiiga  upon  the  boats  at  night,  the 
sparkling  und  swiftly  moving  current,  the  shifting  sceuery,  the  passtige  of 
rapids,  towns  and  steamboats  andthenovelty  of  the  transactions  and  ncenn 
at  the  Southern  markets  were  akin  to  the  tales  of  rich  romance.  The  old 
boatmen  love  to  narrate  tlieir  experiences.  William  Cox,  the  present 
Town  Mnrghal.  was  the  pilot  for  a  score  of  boats,  and  know  hII  the  bends 
and  shoals  of  the  rivers  down  to  New  Orleans.  William  Taylor  was  an- 


The  growth  of  the  town  was  quite  rapid  during  the  forties,  the  popula- 
tion iti  lo4S  beingover  400.  .\.t  this  time  almo<it  every  dep;irtment  of  batl- 
nesa  was  represented.  Ouly  the  leading  or  more  iuiporlant  features  can 
be  noticed.  Among  the  merchants  in  1848  weru  the  Cunninghams, 
the  MitcheU.  Parks  &  Hitc.  S.  I>.  Kucklc.  Hunt  &  Bamurd,  W.  H. 
Craig,  A.  S.  Griggs,  A.  Wiggingham.  Isaac  D.  Sheppard  and  others, 
the  latter  two  having  harness,  etc.  Drug  stores  were  not  apart  from 
apolhecarien  or  doctors'  oflicrs  until  about  this  time.  W.  F.  Todd  opened 
the  firit  drug  store  in  about  1 860.  The  cvli^bratcd  drug  house  of  TarletOD 
&  Wampler  was  opened  soon  afterward.  F.  1*.  A.  I'hclps,  one  of  the 
most  t-miaentiittorncyacverat  ihc  Morgan  County  bar,  engaged  in  thedrug 
business  about  the  year  18M.  William  Duncan,  Mr.  Zuerhurstand  J.  A. 
Lewis  were  engnged  quiet  extensively  in  the  cabinet  buainesa  late  in  the 
forties,  or  enrly  in  the  fifties.  Ilayward  k  Co.  dealt  in  agricultural  im- 
plements in  the  fifties.  In  IHf^-y  and  1856,  or  ncor  those  yenra.  Hunt  and 
Stafford,  the  Cuiiniiighnms,  the  Mitchells.  Parks  k  Hite.  George  F. 
Watton,  C.  F.  Sim»,  W.  II.  Craig.  W.  J.  Sparks.  Staffor.1  &  Moffnm 
M.  W.  Coleman  and  others  were  dealing  in  dry  goodn,  clothing  and  no- 
tions. J.  F.  Wilson  was  the  daguevrean  artist.     A.  C.  Marine  sold  boots 



andskoea:  J.  S.  RoflTmanufactureil  furnilure,  inL-ludingcoflina  and  fanoy 
botuebold  bric-a-brac.  Of  course  Isaac  D.  Sheppanl  was  manufact- 
nriBg  harness,  saddles,  etc.  This  baa  been  his  constant  employment  in 
tbesatneroom.  frum  1833aDtJl  tbeprwent — u  period  of  over  fiuj  ooascoD> 
tire  years.  The  county  seat  secured  it«  first  newspaper,  eiceptthe  little 
sheet  started  by  Kichards,  early  in  the  fifties,  and  in^  1856  its  second. 
I'nder  Mr.  Oatliit,  tbe  Gazette  was  »n  important  factor  in  the  develop 
taent  of  Martinsville.  Samuel  Tucker  dealt  in  furniluretn  thefiftiee,  as  did 
W.  AV.  Tippins  ;  W.  H.  Sailors  was  a  saddler.  This  is  only  a  partial  list 
«f  a  large  business  activity- 


The  early  manubccories  included  asbcriiis.  oooper-sliope,  distilleries^ 
saw  mills,  wagon  shops.  hatterie*i,  harness  and  saddle  shops,  furniture 
ehi>ps.  woolen  fiiclorio»,  etc.  J.  M.  Mitcli<-ll  soon  aoctired  ihc  old  Cutler 
diiitillery,  and  conducted  it  profitably  for  a  number  of  years,  It  is  said 
that  at  one  time  early  in  the  thirties,  there  were  eight  distilleries  in  Wash- 
ington Township,  the  grentor  number  of  which  did  a  profiuble  business. 
Aboat  the  rear  1845,  Talbert  k  Gilpin  erected  a  two-storied  frame 
house  near  EnesootbwMt  corner  of  tbe  square,  placed  therein  a  set  of . ma- 
chinery and  began  carding  wool.  No  spinning  or  weaving  wan  done. 
A.  good  buflioesa  was  done  until  early  in  ibe  fiftieif,  when  the  establisbment 
Waa  destroyed  by  fire.  In  1855,  W.  J.  Sparks  obtained  possession  of 
the  old  brick  County  Seminary  and  traosformed  the  building  into  a  woolen 
factory.  A  fall  outfit  of  machinery,  including  two  looms,  one  jack  of  180 
spindles,  a  set  of  4S-incb  manufacturing  cards,  a  double  roll  card,  a  picker, 
a  Dapper,  a  dre«e«r.  a  fuller,  a  scourer,  and  an  excellent  engine,  was 
placed  in  the  building  at  a  cost  of  several  thoiHand-<  of  dollars,  and  a 
lug*  boBiDcas  of  carding,  spinning,  wcavinX'  drtesing,  fulling  and  d^MBg 
was  begun.  The  manufactures  included  yarns,  flannels,  satinets,  jeans, 
full-cloths,  cassimerei,  etc.  It  is  stated  that  as  high  os  40,000  pounds 
of  wool  were  manufactured  into  divers  articles  during  sume  years. 
Abont  1860,  the  factory  was  removed  to  High  Hocks  jn  White  Uiver, 
and  after  running  there  for  four  or  five  years  wa-*  totally  destroyed  by 
fire,  entailing  a  Io*3  of  abf>ut  $30,001)  to  the  owner,  and  proving  his 
J{nancial  ruin.  Crawford  A  Gilpin  also  conducted  a  woolen  factory  dur- 
ing these  years.  A  planing  mill  was  started  by  DeTnrk,  Lewis  &  Co. 
about  twenty  Tears  ago.  It  is  yet  operating  succes-ifully  and  is  owned 
by  Hubbard  £  Turner.  Joseph  Gurley  erected  a  carriage  factory  about 
1^(6:1,  which  he  conducted  successfully  until  his  d^alh  about  live  years 
later.  Ho  manufactured,  it  is  said,  as  high  as  fifty  carriages  and  sulkies 
per  annum.  His  family  conducted  it  for  a  few  years  auer  bis  death. 
George  Geyer  began  the  same  businesa  about  ten  years  ago,  and  Ntitter 
k  Garley  a  year  or  two  lacer,  each  of  tbe  two  establUhments  doing  a  fair 
hnainew.  SUne  A  Knd«r  began  th«  same  basineas  in  the  old  Methodist 
Church  about  two  years  ogo.  John  Moffitt  took  the  old  Sims  tannery 
soon  after  tbe  death  of  John  Sims.  John  Shields  snccsedcd  him  late  in 
tlie  6fkies,  and  a  few  years  later  the  present  owners,  Schaub  A  Snyder, 
took  possession.  This  is  probably  the  oldest  busineia  establishment  of 
tbt  town.     Early   in   the  fifties,  Fred  Axt  erected  a  tnnnery,  which  he 



conducted  vicli  prifit  for  about  twenty  years.  la  nbout  1860,  Buldwin 
k  Olds  erectod  ft  ^r>st  mill  at  oonsidortLbto  cost,  which  aft«r  operating 
actively  for  about  fivo  years  was  burned  to  the  ground.  About  three 
years  later^  Clapper  k  Hardric):  buitt  and  equipped  the  Branch  grist  mill 
at  ■  coec  of  about  31>5,00O.  After  n  few  yenm.  Mr.  Ckrk  bought  out 
Clapper,  and  in  nbout  1877,  the  Rrnnch  Brothers  pnrcha-sed  the  entire 
property  and  6tted  it  with  improved  inaohinary.  A  large  bu»ine«a  was 
done  under  iheir  maiiagoineut.  In  1883,  the  entire  structure  waa  burned 
down,  but  the  laa  was  partly  AustAined  by  insurance.  The  destruction 
of  the  mill  wa9  a  serious  Ioks  to  the  owners,  the  town  and  the  community. 
The  Branch  Brothers  are  now  erecting  a  gruia  elevator  of  100,000  bushela 
capacity.  Thcv  vrill  also  rebuild  the  gri^t  luill.  About  ton  yeurs  ago, 
Thomburgh  &  Sioall  erected  a  large  erlit  mill,  the  entire  coat,  including 
machinery,  amounting  to  about  $15,000,  They  are  yet  tlie  ownern.  and 
are  ruDoing  night  and  'lay.  Charlen  Peabody  started  a  saw  mill  early  io 
the  Beventiea.  Mr.  Philbrooks  owned  an  inlere-st  later.  Blair  &  TiBnillton 
are  the  present  owners.  Prathcr  Brothers  started  a  saw  initl  ubout  two 
years  ago.  These  mills  are  in  active  operation.  Parks,  Henderson  ft 
Harrison  ercetod  a  largo  brick  pork-packing  establishment  south  of  town 
in  1878,  at  a  coHt  of  about  315.000.  Tliey  havo  since  slaughtered  and 
packed  on  an  average  during  each  season  since,  about  15.000  bogs,  em- 
ploying  many  men  in  the  varioas  department;.  This  has  not  oeen  » 
profitablo  iDTCStmcnt,  according  to  roport^.  Moran  &  Uunt  opened  & 
small  foundry  about  a  year  ago.  Ed  Meraii  started  a  plauitig  mill  and 
Baw  mill  on  Pike  street  about  a  year  ago.  Theao  hare  been  the  leading 
manufactunng  estahli9hment<;.  The  dates  given  must  be  regarded  as  only 


The  present  business  and  profetuional  interests  of  the  town  may  i 
eummod  up  as  follows:  Dry  goods — Cunninzh&m,  Bowlinger  ft  PhelpaJ 
Branch  k  Huff.  Lewis  &  Gutbridgc.  Konnt-dy  &  Co.,  E.  M.  Woody, 
Jacob  Green,  S.  M.  Mitchell  i  Sun.  J.  .M.  Mitchell  k  Sons.  Groceries — 
Elliott  &  Tilford.  S.  S.  GrifEtt,  Vf.  II.  Wobb.  L.  B.  Mathews.  Alexander 
Loc3(hart,  William  Schneider,  llonon  k  Bishop,  neinbargerft  Sbiroman, 

Frank  Lloyd,  A.  H.  Caldwell.  A.  Wigginton, Thumy.     Hardware — 

W.  II.  Miller  &  Co.,  Pierce  &  Murs.  George  Brnnham.  Drugs— W.  S. 
Hemrick,  J.  H.  Hart,  B.  W.  Tilford.  Tarlct(.n  &  Tarlaton.  J.  P.  Bald- 
win. Norman  k  Brother.  Buots  and  shoes — OuslerS  Pruitt.  Clothing — 
Desaauer  &  Brother,  L.  llatry  it  Co.  Jewelry — W.  H,  Crumrine. 
Milliners — Mrs.  P.  B.  Warner,  Mrs.  Jesse  Burgett,  Miss  M.  E.  Ann- 
strong.  Cigars — George  KeUo,  Jasper  Millur.  Barbers — C.  W, 
Schroder,  J,  J.  Feriig.  Samuel  Lewis.  Restaurants — C.  Harvey,  C. 
liilt  Mrs.  Givens,  Lewis  Strondchcck.  HameiMt — I.  D.  Sheppard, 
Jense  Brandnn,  Bishop  S:  Horton,  —  Sthair,  W.  R,  Falkner.  Grist  mills — 
E.  F.  Branch  k  Brother,  Tbornburgh  k  Stimll.  Saw  mills — Blair  ft 
Hamilton, Prather.  Planing  mills  and  lumber — Hubbard  ft  Tur- 
ner. E.  L.  Moran.  Agricultural  iinrlcments^S.  M.  Guthridgc  ft  Co., 
Julius  Keifer,  George  S.  Geyer.  W.  S.  Cramer.  Carriage  factory — 
Stine.     Tanneriea — Scbaab  &  Snyder,  Frederick  Axt.   Saloons — 




Mu  l>«08&aer,  Alexander  LcK'khart.  P^iigctt  >f:  Brother,  Kenne^ly  & 
SltiddB,  John  Frieze.  Hotels — Mu»on  House,  FaulkncT  Hoa^e,  Rurektt 
House.  Kotioo  stores — George  Frieze,  Jacob  Greeo,  Kugene  ijhielde. 
Livery  gtaMes— F.  M.  Warner.  John  Fuselroan  &  Son,  Mr.  Colwell. 
Foundry — Hnnt  k  Moran.  Butchen — G.  A.  Ocfterinf;.  John  Lewis, 
Stbair  *&  Co.  Furoiiurc— H.  J.  Hinson,  Lewis  k  Gmliridge.  Mr. 
Sdimidt.  Marble  ilwlur — W.  S.  BurooU.  Contractors  and  builders — 
Habbard  k  Turner.  A.  Rogers,  Gregory  A  Son,  P.  D.  Kundell.  Mr.  Car- 
»er.  Pork  owking — Parks,  Henderson  k  Co.  Grain  buyers — Branch 
Brothera,  TUornburgh  &  Small.  Bank — First  Nationnl.  Gunsmilli — 
K.  K  Mann.  Photographer — Mr.  Collins.  Chtirclies — Methodist  Epis- 
copal. Rev.  IvcWhum,  puator;  Presbyterian.  Rev.  Furguson,  pastor; 
Chri«ti!kn.  Rev.  Bowlos,  pastor;  Calholic,  Father  Stanislaus,  priest. 
Tailor — E.  Brown.  Stave  dealers — Vansickle  &  Co..  John  Wiloox. 
Spoke  dealer — A.  B.  Walker.  Live  stock  dealers — Cunningham  J^ 
Aiher.  Lawyers — F.  P.  A.  Phelps,  Mitchell  k  Cox.  Davis  k  Steele, 
AdatDii  .t:  Newby,  A.  W.  Scott,  Ferguson,  Smock  A  Renner,  ElarrisoD  k 
MoCorfl,  Grubbs  4  Parka,  J.  J.  Hilton.  Shirley  k  Hay,  A.  M.  Cunning, 
Jnnlan  k  Mntbenrg.  Doctors — Daniel  P.  Kennedv,  R.  II.  Tnrleton,  a 
A.  Tilft-nL  B.  E.  Tilford,  U.  H-  Farr.  H.  C.  R^bi'nett.  B.  D.  Blackttone" 
J.  J.  Jijhnston,  0.  M.  Gravis.  E.  V.  Green,  W.  E.  Hendricks,  H.  W' 

Soon  after  the  county  seat  was  e)tablishe<l,  the  sportjag  characters  Tor 
milea  around  effected  an  urgajnizotion  which  met  every  SatunUy  in  the 
(own  to  mn  hor»e«,  drink  whisky  and  have  a  good  time  generally.  A 
traok  was  established  east  and  west  along  tlie  north  side  of  the  equare.  the 
Btartiiig  point  being  several  hundred  yardo  ea.>it,  and  the  terminus  west. 
Mr.  PhcJivs,  then  u  small  boy,  remembers  distinctly  seeing  many  ofLheae 
races.  There  wis  a  low  place  along  the  north  side  o(  the  s<]uare.  which 
iti  the  spring  of  the  year  contained  considerable  water.  Mr.  Phelps  en- 
joyed seeing  (he  horaea,  whipped  down  to  the  race,  spliuih  through  this 
pood.  After  a  few  years,  the  public  safety  demanded  a  cessation  of  racea 
in  the  town,  and  the  track  was  removed  about  a  quarter  of  a  mile  soutli, 
where  for  years  the  owners  of  fast  horsts  enjoved  their  sports  with  no 
one  10  moleat  or  malce  iheia  afraid.  The  liquor  dealers  enjoyed  a  large 
and  lucratire  trade  at  these  races.  J-  M.  Mitchell  made  considerable 
money  at  the  detestable  liquor  business.  In  fact  he  owned  the  distillery 
near  the  big  spring  where  the  li()uid  hell  was  made. 

Atiempla  were  made  to  incorporate  the  town  dnring  the  fifties  cer- 
tainly, and  poasibly  during  the  furties,  but  without  success.  The  (faztUe, 
undpr  Mr.  Csllis.  van  un  earnest  and  constant  advocate  of  the  mou.<iurc ; 
but  the  men  of  money  were  sufficiently  strong  to  prevent  suceeiunil  resalts 
until  1663,  when  an  election  held  to  decide  the  matter  declared  a  decided 
majority  in  ite  favor,  The  first  meeting  of  the  first  Boanl  of  Trustees 
was  held  on  the  ^!^th  of  June,  1863.     The  first  year  was  mainly  employed 

*rM  vrtur  •ckBovlnlan  hia  [Dildilalnrai  t<<  r.  I'.  A.  rb?l]a,  John  liny,  Wllllun  Tajlni  ■ud 
m\mn  in  Mn^  tt  th»  naUtlil  eatilaln»l  In  lliL<  fliifiMr.  A  Um  rttatei  lo  luput  u.^  ioluruuUciD. 
llwr  NONi  W  wul  U  Iw  ntiUlaMl.    Tbtj  ■«»  aaoat  Ibm  oldal  u)<t  wsatlblcal  aUlniii. 



ID  (Iraniog  suitable  ordinftnoes  for  the  town.  Tlie  first  se&l  was  sdopted 
&t  tfa«  wcoad  mooting.  The  foUowmg  wore  the  first  id«1«s  kod  bounds 
of  the  incorporation  : 

Beginning  <i^  poles  and  17  links  east,  and  SO  poles  and  1*2  links  south 
of  the  oorihwest  corner  of  Section  4,  Township  11  north.  Range  1  east, 
at  a  stone  eornor ;  thenee  running  north  5  degrees  and  20  minates  west 
176  poles  ;  tbcnce  oast  6  d«j;rccs  nod  15  mtnutw  north  160  poles :  thence 
sonth  6  degrees  and  20  minates  east  ITS  poles;  thence  west  5  degrees 
south  160  poles  to  the  place  of  beginning.  This  territory  was  divided 
into  live  wards.  The  Town  Treaanrer'^  report  for  the  first  li>ieal  year 
was  aa  follours: 


Taxes $863  3& 

Th«slei« 4  00 

Sbowaaad  p«ddlan 0  00 

Fines 3  00 

Toisl ......877  89 


Bmbrazlcd I : .  .$1M  88 

I>eUn(|uuDt  tax moo 

Error 70 

Total 1808  58 

Receipt  balance 18  91 

Active  work  was  soon  begun  on  the  streets  and  sidewalks.  In 
1866-67.  the  ordinances  wore  revised  and  multiplied,  strict  regulations 
being  adopted  for  the  sale  of  liquor  and  for  public  behavior.  Street 
lamps — thirty  in  number — were  ordered  erected  oarly  in  l**7ti.  pursuant 
to  the  prayer  of  a  petition  signeil  hy  about  two  hundred  citizens.  The 
lamp*  cost  about  ^.l>5  each.  The  number  has  sinee  been  added  to  as 
the  wants  demanded.  lu  September.  1879,  one  hundred  and  fifteen 
citizens  petitioned  the  board  to  construct  water  works  for  the  town  from 
the  large  Hpring — the  property  of  the  town — mentioned  at  the  beginning 
of  this  chapter.  A  competent  engineer,  employed  for  the  purpose, 
reported  the  following  facts:  The  spring  wa3  38.44  feet  above  the 
square,  nnd  flowed  23,171  gnllons  of  wnter  per  day.  A  reservoir,  80x80 
feet  at  the  surface.  12  feet  deep,  and  40x40  feet  at  the  bottom,  would  hold 
about  300,000  gatlona.     The  waier  pressure  at  the  square  would  be  38.27 

Sounds,  and  the  total  estimated  coat  of  the  works  would  be  913.000.  One 
undred  and  ninety  votes  were  polled  for  the  water  works,  and  14S  against 
the  same.  The  vole  was  made  upon  the  biwis  of  the  above  estimated  cost. 
Before  the  contract  for  the  pipes,  etc.,  could  bo  closed,  iron  ro*e  nenrly 
50  per  cent  in  value,  largely  increasing  the  ooat  of  the  works  should 
the  enterprise  be  continued,  and  rendering  the  vote  null  by  reason  of  * 
increasing  the  cOst.  The  project  waa  wholly  abandime*!.  and  has  remained 
so  until  the  present.  In  1M81,  one  hundred  rubber  fire  buckets  were 
purchased  for  about  81<J5.  The  above  are  the  priucipul  events  since  the 
incorporation  of  the  town.  The  following  is.  a  complete  list  of  tue  town 
officers  since  1863: 


Trustees,  First  Ward,  Oliver  J.  G-lessner ;  Second  Ward,  Abraham 



DeTnrk ;  Third  Ward,  Abrnm  A.  Barrackman  ;  Fourth  Watti,  Harrcy 
8*tt«rwhit«;  Fifth  Ward,  [letiry  Bimn ;    also    MarBhal  and   Treasurer, 
Adftn   How* ;  Clerk  and  AHseiuor,  Cyrus  F.  McNutt.     [lone  wu  bood 
ncceeded  bj  Chtkrles  W,  Wells,  who  vas  removed  i»  Januarv,  1864.  For 
anir<?«B«iic«  i»  office,  and  P.  F-  Douglas  was  nppoiuHid.     The  officers 
alcctcd  the  following  year  (1864)  were  Jnmee  M.  Baldwin,  Uyrus  F.  RIc- 
KaU,  G«org«  W.   Crawford,  Adau  Howe  and  Harvey  Satterwhite,  Trual- 
Ms;  Jamw  V.    Mitchell,    Clerk   and    Adseesor ;  ilenrj.  Sims.    Marshal 
and  Trettar»r.      Mr.  Sitnii  did   ant  qualify,  and  Jaroes  Davidson  was 
•ppointed,  but  he  soon  resigned  and  laaac  S.  Jolmsoo  wae  appointed.  Mr, 
Mitchell  removed  from  town  in  April.  1865,  and  Samuel  S.  Griffitt  took 
biM  place.     The  officera  of  18t>6  were  D.  D.  Blackstone,  I.  D.  Shoppard, 
T.  K.  liister,  .T.  il.  Mitchell  and  Charlea  Day,  Truiitfies;  Harvey  Satter- 
white.  Treasurer:  O.    W.   Warner.  Marshal;  S.  S.   GriUitt.  Clerk  and 
Aaieaaor;  A<)ui1la  Wigginton  succeeded  Blackstone  in  June.    The  officers 
of  IS66  were  QcorgcW.    Clapper,  Alfred  Ennia,  Jamee  E.  Goodhue, 
James  V.  Mitchell  and  Charles  Day,  Truatee«  ;  John  R.  Elliott.  Marsha) ; 
Harvey  Satterwbite,  Treaaur«r;  b.   S.  Griffitt,  Clerk  and  Aaaeasor.     In 
AQKiiBtl866,  T.  B.  Mitchell  took  Goodhue'splaceas  Trustee.  Theofficer^ 
of  1867  were  W.    B.    Harrison,  James   A.    Lewis,  John  G.    Crawford, 
JoMph  Reese  and  Jame*  C.   Craig,  Trustees :  George  W.  Warner.  Mar- 
tial; Hanrey  Sattorwhite,  TroMurer;   Samuel  S.  Griffitt  Clerk  and  As- 
awmr.     Id  lBb8,  the  officom  were  Thomas  Morriiwii,  Salem  A.  Tilford, 
A.  R.  Chase,  P.  F.  Douglas  and  Jonathan  H.  Henry,  Trustees ;  William 
KiHiau.  Marshal;  Henry  Satlerwhito,  Treasurer;    Gainford  F.  Ennin, 
Clerk  and  Awewor.  In  18*^9,  the  otScers  were  Thomas  Morrison.  Harvey 
Halt*Twhite,  A.  R.   Chase.  P.    F.    Doaplaa  and    P.  S.  Griffitt.  Trustees ; 
O.  W.  Warner,  Marshal;  John  K.  Mitchell.  Treasurer;  R.  McBride, 
Olerk  and  Asseeeor.     In  ltl7D,  the  officers  were :  N.  T.  Cunningham.  J. 
A.  Lewis.  H.  T.  Craie.  J.  W.  Pierey  and  J.  R  Elliom  Tniatees;  Cal- 
vin F.  Sims.  Marshal;  John  K.  Mitchell.  Treasurer:  J.  D.  Whitted. 
_rrkiind  Aeeessor;  LafavetK*  Sims,  took  Craig's  place  in  November.  In 
871,  the  officers  were:   William  B.   Taylur.  JatneH  A.  Lewis,  Noble  F. 
Davis,  Benjamin  Hay  ward  and  Katem  A.  Tilford,  Trustcce;  C.  F.  Sims, 
Marehal;  T-  H.  Parks.  Treasurer;  A.  McCracken.  Clerk  and  Asseasor. 
McCraken  soon  resigned  and  9.  S.  Griffitt  was  appointed.     G.  W.  Pres- 
ton won  look  Sims'  place,  and  G.  W.  Warner  soon  took  Preston's  place. 
In  11*72,  theofficcrs  were:  W.  B.  Taylor,  James  A.  Lewis,  Noble  F.  Davie, 
Benjamin  Hayward  and  S.  M.  Tilfonl.  Trustees;  G.  W.  Warner.  Mar- 
laf;  T.  H.  Parks,  Treasurer;  S-  S.  Griffitt,  Clerk  and  Assessor.     In 
873,  the  officers  were:   W.  B.  Taylor.  S.  H.  SchoSftd.  George  Crawford, 
P.    Clark   and  John  R.  Elliott.  Trustees;  S.  S.  Griffitt.  Clerk  and 
Assessor;  Stephen  McCracken.  Treuitnrer:  Ahsalom  M.    Bailey.  Mar- 
•hsl.      In  1874.  the  oflicers  were:  John  Hardrick,  Joehua  Davis.  George 
A,    DanUy,    Abraham    DeTurk  and  John    Korgey,  Trustees;  Jaincs  A. 
Lewis.  Treasurer;  S.  S.  Griffitt.  Clerk  and  Asaessor;  Andrew  H.  Ellis, 
Marshal.     A.  B.  Douglas  took  Danley's  place  in  August.     L.  S.  Hatley 
iuccewkd  Elli8.aDd  G.   W.   Warner  succeeded  Hatley.     In  1875.  the 
efioera  were:  Samuel  J.  Mandevillc,  Joshua  Davis.  T.  B.  Mitchell,  Ahra- 
DeTurk  and  SylvanuB  Baruard,  Traslees ;  James  A.  Lewis,  Treasurer; 


'      Di 



'        A, 


S,  S.  Griffitt,  Clerlt  ami  Aswewor ;  G.  W.  Warner,  Mai 
Branch  90011  took  Lewis'  place.  In  1876.  the  olScera  were:  &.  J.  Mumle- 
viUe,Joehua  Davie,  T.  H.  Parka,  A.  DeTurk  ami  D.  0.  Cramer.  Trust- 
eee;  E-  F.  Branch,  Trcaeurcr ;  S.  S.  GrifBtt,  Clerk  and  Asi«e!!.«i>r:  G. 
W.  Wnmer,  Marehal.  In  1877,  the  officers  were:  S.  J.  MandevilU,  G. 
W.  Egbert.  T.  H.  Parks.  A.  DeTiirV  and  D.  D.  Cramer.  Trustees; 
Cnlvin  A-  McCracken,  Treiwurcr;  S.  S.  Griffitt,  Clerk  and  Aawesor ; 
William  Cox,  Marshal.  In  1878,  the ofFicera  were;  Jumcs  E.  Barton.  W. 
W.  Kennedy,  A.  B.  Douglas,  J.  M.  Blair  and  J.  H.  Jones,  Trastees;  E. 
E.  Riley,  Treasurer ;  S.  o.  Griffitt,  Clerk  and  Aasessor ;  G.  W.  Warner, 
Marshal.  In  1879,  theofficers  were:  S.  J.  Mandeville,  J.  Williams,  E. 
?.  RilclioT.  A.  S.  Mitchell  and  J.  H._  Henry.  Truateea;  E.  E.  Riley, 
Treasurer;  Preston  Graver,  Clerk;  William  Cox,  Marshal.  Id  1880, 
the  officers  were ;  John  Stovciia,  John  M.  Clark,  William  M.  Cridcr.  JuHiis 
C.  Keifer  and  John  R.  Elliott,  Trusteee ;  E*reBton  Oraver,  Clerk  and 
Asfleseor;  E.  E.  Rilev,  Treatiiirer ;  ^Villism  Cox,  Marshal.  In  18^1,  the 
officers  were:  John  Stevens,  C.  A.  McCwcken.  H.  K.  Branch.  F.  M. 
Warner  and  L.  P.  Dt-Turk,  TniBtees;  Preslon  Graver,  Clerk  and  Anoea- 
aor;  A.  S.  Mitchell.  Treasurer ;  William  Cox,  Marshal.  In  1882,  the 
officers  nere  John  Stevens,  J.  E.  Toner  and  T.  A.  Parka  (McCracken  and 
Warner  held  over).  Trusteed;  Preston  Graver,  Clerk  and  AtuteMor  ;  A.  3. 
Mitchell,  Treasurer;  William  Cox,  Marabat.  In  1883,  the  officers  were: 
W.  C.  Barneil  and  B.  V.  Mitchell  (Stevens,  Toner  and  Parks  held  over), 
Trustee!*;  Prceton  Graver,  Clerk  and  Asacceor ;  A.  S.  Mitchell,  Treas- 
urer :  William  Cox.  Marshal.  The  following  18  the  town  Treasurer's  re- 
port for  the  year  ending  April  It!,  lHa'i: 


On  hand  April  17,  1888 ♦1,764  14 

Taxwi 2,ni  25 

Fiaei 8«« 

LlouAr  license ^^.'.. tilS  00 

BlIliHrdubles. 'TO  OO 

Peddlflre S»  00 

Atiotlonccra....... 0  00 

Hawking  &iodM S  00 

PaUiiit  medicine  vAtidvre S  00 

Tbrntvin^  huMn ., 6  00 

Shoot ing  j;nllory 9  00 

Sulking  inacliine 8  00 

6how(i  aoLl  tbcnten 16  00 

Uiu^Ai  Parke  h»U »  00 

T&tal H5a«  04 


Pniil  on  oMem »8,788  41 

Palfl  on  roiidn SSI  50 

Hultuicc  ou  tiaad 1,880  OS 

Total K628M 


Martinsville  Lodge.  No.  74.  was  eatablt»hed  in  Juno.  1849,  butaa  the 
resords  were  destroyed  by  fire  the  details  of  the  organieatiuti  cannot  be 
given.     B.  F.  Barnard   woo  the  6rat  Senior    Warden  and  William    A. 



Rooker,  Junior  Wftnleit.  The  lodge  yet  lurrirM,  witb  ii  mcmboritliip  of 
about  tiinet;;-five. 

Id  October,  1868,  OsceoU  Eaeninpnicnt.  No.  71,  was  establJshcil  bv 
the  following  fir»t  members :  II.  T.  Craig.  0.  0.  Thwine,  Willis  Record, 
Charles  Day.  Charles  Seaton,  A.  S.  Griggs.  J.  M.  Staffbnl,  William 
[lines  and  Benjamin  Ha^wartl.  The  oflicere  were  0.  0.  Thwlng,  H.  P.; 
Beniamin  Hayward.  K.;  H.  T.  Craig,  S. 

in  Dec<>mber.  1872.  thi!.  Order  of  the  Kasterii  Star.  Queen  Ksllier 
Chapter.  No.  lb.  was  established  witb  the  foUowinfc  metnbersbip :  Lillie 
Sehofieid.  Joeie  Richardson.  Ann  Clarlc,  Manda  Acton.  Minerva  Wi». 
ginton.  Mai7  Richardson.  Carrie  TarletOD.  £ttie  Baldwin,  Dora  Unrtiard, 
Alice  Thomas.  Anna  B.  Craig.  Clura  FaseltUHM.  Dura  L.  Ef{bfrt,    Marv 

A.  Gilcaan.  Martha  Doiiamn,  Caseto  Wampler  and  Ann  Tilford.  Mrs. 
Ann  Tilford  wbn  Matron  ;  Juflie  Richardson.  A.  M. 

The  order  of  the  Sone  of  Temperance  was  first  instituted  in  Indian* 
in  1B47,  and  within  two  rears  a  lodge  waii  established  at  MarlinKrille,  of 
which  nothing  can  bo  raid,  nsithe  reoonis  are  missing. 

In  March.  1807.  Callis  Lodge.  No.  274.  Odd  FcHowb,  wan  or|ninii«d 
at  Marti nsri lie,  wiUi  the  following;  probable  lirst  memberiiliip  :  E.  W.  Cal- 
Ib.  G.  W.  Bu»bee.  J.  S.  I'iercT,  M.  W.  Coleman,  Willis  Record,  O.  J. 
Kennedy,  A.  Carver,  B.  E.  Omer,  T.  ».  Parks.  T.  F.  Orner,  C.  F. 
Sim»,  T.  A.  Sloan,  C.  B.  Huxley,  J.  D.  Whined,  W.  A.  S.  Mitchell,  A. 

B.  DOBglaa  and  J.  R.  MeBrido.      Tho  charter  «a«  erantod  in  February, 

1867.  The  name  of  the  lod>;e  was  afterward  changeJ  from  Collin  to  Mar- 
titWTille.  It  had  been  immed  in  honor  of  E.  W.  Callin,  the  veil-known 
and  nnivereally  respected  e<iitor  of  the  GazeMn.  J.  D.  Whitted  was  tfae 
first  Seeretarv.  and  J.  H.  Pierey  the  first  Treasurer.  The  present  offi- 
cers are  R.  A*  Asher,  K.  G.;  John  F.  Bay.  V.  G.;  W.  E.  Sbawcrow,  R. 
8.;  Samael  GathridRe,  P.  B.;  W.  H.  Miller,  Treasurer.  The  lo<lgo  is 
in  excellent  condition,  namerically  and  financially,  having  a  fund  uf  over 
$2,000  atiniereiit,  bendes  ralaable  paraphernalia  of  the  order,  and  an 
active  mcmberehip  of  seventy-two.  The  rent  of  their  hall  in  Park  4 
Hitea'  building  is  3'^Oper  annum. 

Martinsville    Encaiopioent,   No.   03.    was    ustabliahcd  in  November, 

1868,  with  the  followiug  membership  :  E,  W.  Callis.  J.  D.  Whitted.  W. 
Beoord.  J.  A.  Lewis,  A.  K.  Cbnac.  John  Allen,  T.  H.  Parke,  J.  E.  Keu- 
nedy,  G.  W.  Preston,  0.  W.  Busbee,  J.  H.  Pierey.  The  Enoampmcne 
is  prosperous. 

In  January,  1873.  Loraine  Lodge.  No.  95,  Rcbekah  Dep-ee,  was  »- 
tihiiaheii  with  tho  following  membership :  J.  A.  Lewis,  F.  A.  ReiD> 
hart.  H.  W.  Cure,  A.  Carver.  A.  R.  Chase.  0.  J.  Kennedy,  G.  A.  Dan- 
lev,  J.  N.  Thompson,  J.  W.  Duncan.  J.  E.  Kennedy.  Catharine  Lewis. 
Harriett  E.  Kennedy,  Ann  E.  Eienderson.  Catharine  A.  Carver  and 
Snaw  Whined.     The  lodge  is  in  good  working  order. 

A  Post  of  the  Grand   Army   of  die  Republic  was  urganiicd  at  the 
eoanty  seat  under  the  old  lodjje  ritual  in  18^8.  but  did  not  eunrive  longer 
lUian  a  few  months.     On  the  14th  of  June.  188"i,  another  was  organiied 
nder  tho  revised  ritnal,  with  the  following  charter  membcrehip ;    W.  II. 
lillcr.   J.  G.  Bnin,  W.  W.  Kennedy.    Levi    Ferguson.    D.  P.  Konnedv, 
r.  a.  Gnibbt.  F.  £.  MeNair,  John  Miller,  C.  iJill,  M.  B.  Coiliu<i,  J. 


E.  Toner,  T.  A.  KenneJy,  H.  H.  Olds,  W.  A.  Mara,  J 
S.  V.  List,  W.  U.  Drydeu.  John  ilardrick.  J.  C.  Comer.  W.  G.  (jarri- 
»on.  E.  M.  Woolly.  J.  E.  Burton.  W.  J.  Childers.  A.  B.  Doufftas,  J.  E. 
Bnnt,  J.  H.  Seaman,  G.  W.  Waraer,  M.  Kinworlty,  TLomas  Evans, W. 
0.  Pool,  Charles  Stoker.  K.  Q.  Cox,  Mosea  Bailey.  E.  F.  StimpMn, 
Abialom  R«s^  £).  M.  Baldwin,  G«orgc  Hubbard.  U.  11.  Karr,  John 
Rriner,  JoHiah  L,  Burton  and  Ezra  Deweesc.  The  &ni  ofltcers  were:  D. 
P.  Kenntdv,  S.  V.;  W.  II.  Miller,  J.  V.;  J.  E.  Brant.  Chnplaio  ;  U. 
H.  Farr.  Surgeon ;  W.  II.  Dryden.  O.  of  D.;  J.  L.  Burton,  O.  of  G.; 
J.  E.  Toner.  Q.  M.;  J.  11.  Seamnti,  Q.  M.  S.  The  pr««nt  officers  are 
W.  G.  Grubbs,  P.  C:  W.  H.  Miller,  S.  V.:  V.  H.  Krr.  J.  V.;  D.  P. 
Kennedy,  Surgeon ;  W.  H.  Drydon,  0.  of  D.;  M.  B.  Collins,  O.  of  G.; 
J.  E.  Tonpr.  C^.  M.;  J.  H.  Seaman,  Q.  M.  S.;  II.  H.  Olds.  8.  M.  Tho 
post  wna  named  Perry  M.  Blankennltip,  No.  77,  in  honor  of  an  old  set- 
tler and  pruniioenl  citizen  a.nd  soldier.  The  present  inembenihip  is 
about  sixty-five,  and  tho  Post  meets  in  the  hall  of  the  K.  of  1*.  The 
organization  in  prospoious.  ^ 

Anniversary  Lodge,  No.  89,  Knights  of  Pythias,  was  instituted  Feb- 
niarv  ll',  1880,  the  following  persons  bein^tho  charter  members  :  J.  M. 
BUir,  A.  J.  Baldwin,  W.  G.  Bain,  B.  W.  Burnti,  F.  D.  Baldwin.  E,  A. 
Bouni.  J.  B.  Cardcll.  J.  C.  Comer,  J.  M.  Coleman.  Ben  Dessuuer,  Aaron 
Guthridge,  J.  T.  Gurley,  J.  M.  He«dlcy,  John  Hutchlns,  D.  W.  Hogan, 
Smith  Johnson,  George  Johnson,  1.  S.  Johnson.  D.  P.  Kennedy,  J.  0- 
Krincr,  AdolphuB  Kaiser,  B.  F.  Kriner,  E.  E.  Kriner,  C.  W.  Kaiser, 
Alexander  Lockbart,  E.  L.  Moran,  J.  V.  Mitchell,  M.  J.  Nickum,  W. 
R.  Noalor,  C.  W.  Olds,  A.  S.  Pearce,  W.  Y.  Pratt,  E.  A.  Piatt,  James 
Qninn,  F.  D.  Rundell,  Lloyii  Roiriden,  H.  A.  Smock,  J.  C.  Simpson. 
Samuel  Seiders,  J.  E.  Toner.  A.  B.  Walker,  W.  H.  Webb.  Jonathan 
Willinma  and  J.  A.  Yager.  The  first  officers  were  A.  S.  Pearce.  C.  C; 
James  Blair,  P.  C;  11.  A.  Smock,  V.  C;  D.  P.  Kennedy,  Prelate;  M. 
J.  Nickum,  M.  F.;  J.  C.  Simpson,  M.  of  E.  The  lodge  is  iu  proapcruua 
condition,  with  a  membership  of  over  sixty.  Meetings  are  held  in  their 
hall  in  Park  &.  Uito's  building  on  the  east  side.  The  Kali  rent  i«  $50 
per  annum.  Two  deaths  only  have  occurred  since  the  organization  of 
the  lodge.  The  present  officers  are  A.  S.  Peurce,  D.  G.  C;  C.  Rose,  C. 
C;  Eb  Henderson.  V.  C:  F.  D.  Rundell.  P.  C:  E.  E.  Kriner,  K.  of 
R.  S.;  J.  J.  UilloD.  Prelate;  Walter  Nutter,  M.  F.;  J.  A.  Lewis,  M.  of 
E.;  F.  D.  Baldwin,  M.  A. 

In  1860,  p.  M-  Parks  k  Co.  founded  a  private  bank  at  Martinnvilte, 
under  the  old  State  banking  Uw,  with  a  capital  of  ^iiO.OOO.  Milton 
Hiie  was  one  of  the  company,  and  J.  J.  Deakina  waa  Cashier.  The  bank 
was  iti  the  ParkR  &  Ilite  building  on  the  east  aide.  In  1865.  so  pros- 
perous had  been  the  Imnlc  during  tho  feverish  times  of  th«  war,  the  capi- 
tal had  a  litilv  more  than  doubled  itself.  At  ihc  laKcr  date  a  Nntional 
Bank  wok  nrganiz^jd  under  Congressional  enactment,  the  following  per- 
sons being  stockholders  :  P.  M.  Parka.  Millon  Hito,  N.  I'.  Cunningham, 
0.  R.  Daugherty,  Henry  Sime,  J.  J.  Johnson,  Clement  Nutter.  Jackson 
Record,  Cyrus   Whetzel,  W^  R.    Harrison,  T.  H.  Parks.  Jacob  Adams, 


II.  Satterwbite.  Robert  Smith.  Mrii.  Julia  Egbert,  0.  J.  Gletwner,  Eb 
Henderson  and  Franklin  Lattdera.  The  capital  waa  8100,000.  P.  M. 
Parks  was  PresiOoni :  Millon  Mite,  Vice  Presidoni:,  and  EI.  Satlerwbite, 
Caabier.  P.  M.  Parka  died  iu  186~,  ftnd  Miltoa  Hitc  became  President ; 
A.  &.  Graham,  became  Assistant  Cashier.  Mr.  Hite  died  iu  September. 
1877,  and  T.  H.  Parks  becanifl  Preaident.  Tb©  bank  charter  will  expire 
ID  1d8S.  The  following  wa«  the  euiement  of  the  bank  on  the  '2M  of 
Jnnr,  1888: 


Lom*  M()  dUcAunt* yUT,T47  22 

Ovenlnfta «.4'4  « 

V.  S,  IxiaJi  ta  iMurt  drciilMion... _ &t>,OuO  00 

Dti«  ttom  npprovftil  rvanrra  ii(iiuitti. _,„ 8,689  ST 

Dm  frotn  oihM-  Katioatl  Banka „_  34.A48  47 

RmI  BMau,  tbrnliur^nntl  fixture* iTT-i^ou  m 

Cttrrei)!  eipeiuM  nai  takes  (Mil..... 1,701  78 

Billiaf  Mbir  banks 6.110  00 

Praoiwaal  papvr  ourrcnsjr,  nl«klM  aad  paonlM... fiS  8S 

8p»*ie 80,688  On 

I«Kkl  i«nd«r  Dntw ■ ^  8,i!00  00 

RMmnption  fan4  «llh  United  SMl«a  TrvuDMr  (S  i>er  e«nt 

of  droulMion )..,.. _...  2,280  00 

Twal V2»3.716  6S 


Oafriial  aiMk  pi^d  In 9IM.O0O  00 

flarplai  Aiad 2S,000  00 

DBdiTtdMl  profiia „ „ „     21,189  68 

NatioDal  E*iik  notei  otiKUndiug „„ ih.OQO  00 

ladtTUaal  d»pofllU  ■ubj«cl  i«  cbeolE Al.OBS  40 

Danaad  etrtiSoalea  of  dapiwil.. M.M1  70 

Total rW3  TI5  M 

Tb«  MitcbelU  are  doing  a  limited  banking  buaioeos  in  the  town. 


But  little  can  bo  learned  of  the  early  echooU  of  Mnrtinavillo.  No 
'  tebool  waa  probablj  taught  until  1823,  and  might  have  been  aa  lato  as 
'3624,  but  at  that  dat«  there  waa  wrCainly  a  nchool  taught  during  the 
varm  months  on  the  porch  of  an  old  house  on  the  vest  side  of  the 
B^Darflf  hy  Dr.  John  Mon-ison.  The  names  of  all  ihe  earW  teachers 
ouDOt  be  stated.  After  that  date,Bchoul  wua  held  mure  orlc^BCvcr; 
jear.  in  private  dwellings,  in  hoiisos  that  had  boen  vacated  by  the  owner, 
ud  in  the  old  log  court  house  on  the  nouthwcst  corner  of  the  square. 
Soma  have  aaid  that  the  first  school  at  Martinaville  waa  taught  by  JameJi 
Canning,  in  a  barn  northeoat  of  town,  said  to  have  been  tbt:  property  of 
SuDuel  Scott.  Amy  Magee  was  an  early  teacher  also.  In  1827.  an 
old  racatod  log  building  on  the  square  was  used  for  school  purpoaea. 
All  these  schools  were  supported  by  aub«cription.  the  parents  psying 
froD  Si  to  9-  iox  each  of  their  children  for  the  term  usually  of  thre« 
aencbs.  About  the  rear  TSI13.  a  amall  frame  schnolhouae  was  erected 
near  the  present  reeidence  of  Mr.  Branch,  which  was  used  continuously 
ontit  1889.  Two  of  the  teachers  in  this  house  were  William  Lee  and  a 
Mr.  Welch.     It  is  stated  that  a  man  named  Hiram  Lamb  taught  in  ch« 


99  H[8T0Kr  OF  MOBOAN  CODSTr. 

town  ag  earlr  m  1823  or  1829.  Hin  name  i<i  one  of  the  eaHiost  th»t  cbq' 
b«  mentioD^il.  Ue  taught  reading  in  the  teetament,  writing  on  ratio  pa- 
per with  a  i]uill  pen.  and  "ciphering"  from  Pike's  ftrithinelio.  Welch 
taught  ncveral  terms,  aod  vriu  a  man  of  coiwderablc  learning.  Ho  trav 
a  strict  diaciptinariun,  and  flogged  hia  pupils  ou  the  least  provoc&tion 
irith  a  long;  hickory  gad  well  sc^oned  in  the  hot  embers  of  the  (ire.  Mr. 
Lee  was  cluh-fnoted,  and  aUa  had  5ome  peculiar  deformity  of  hia  hand« 
or  arm».  He  knew  how  to  whip.  The  old  "dunce  cap  "  was  a  favorite 
inititution  of  his,  and  man/  a  time  and  oft  did  it  grace  the  heads  of  of- 
fending  pupils. 

Id  ahuiiC  1889.  the  first  school  wa's  taught  in  the  county  seminary  by 
an  eccentric  Iriehman  named  David  Anderson.  He  wae  well  educated 
for  that  day,  and  wa**  an  acci^mpii^hcd  instructor  and  disciplinarinn.  A» 
the  seminary  waa  an  institution  of  the  county,  it  was  well  attended  from 
the  stun,  not  only  by  the  young  men  aud  womca  of  the  county  seat,  hut 
by  others  from  distant  portion*  of  the  county,  the  latter  boarding  in 
town  during  each  sension  of  iirhool.  The  nmallcr  children  of  the  town 
were  largely  excluded,  and  were  provided  for  in  the  old  frame  schoolhouse 
and  elsewhere.  The  educational  center,  however,  was  the  seminary. 
Excellent  schonts  were  hold,  many  of  the  higher  branches  being  taugitt 
there  from  the  find,  and  a.  thorough  prejwiraLio ii  for  college  being  fur- 
niahed  a  few  years  later.  The  present  common  Bchool  system  of  to-day 
was  unknown  then.  All  the  ordinary  schools  were  sustained  by  private 
meant),  and  by  the  proceeds  from  the  .sale  uf  the  sixteenth  section  in 
CoDgreseional  towusbipa.  The  advocates  of  pupulor  taxation  for  the  sup- 
port of  public  schools  were  regarded  \3  fanatical  and  wholly  unjust  in 
their  views.  Then  thu  bunlen  fell  upon  the  parents  of  large  familica, 
who,  owing  to  their  poverty,  were  the  able  to  educate  their  children. 
Citizens  in  good  ciroumsCances,  but  without  children,  escaped  the  burden. 
The  county  seminary  scheme  wns  nuito  popular,  as  it  furnished  an  educa- 
tion higher  than  could  be  secured  at  the  subscription  aeboola.  But  as 
time  passed  public  Hentiment  wati  molded  in  favor  of  making  property 
the  ba.<iiiii  of  taxation  for  the  support  of  public  schools  and  not  the  number 
of  children.  This  led  eventually  to  the  adoption  of  the  foundation  of  the 
present  free  public  school  system,  first  in  1818  and  later  in  1862.  Dur- 
ing the  forties,  the  steady  decadence  of  the  seminary  system  transpired. 
That  institution  in  Morgan  County  lost  favor,  and  gradually  became  a 
soh»ol  for  the  county  seat  and  vicinity,  and  not  for  the  whole  county. 

The  attendance  from  abrotid  steadily  decreased  until  in  1846  the 
inntitution  was  no  longer  one  for  the  whole  county.  After  1853,  nohool- 
houHcs.  built  and  supported  by  taxation  upon  property,  sprang  up  in  all 
portions  of  the  county,  and  the  seminary  was  ordered  sold,  and  the  pro- 
ceeds  became  part  and  parcel  of  the  common  school  fund.  The  otdeem- 
inary  did  good  aervice  in  its  Jay. 

About  the  time  the  aeminary  was  sold,  two  or  three  small  frame  school- 
houses  were  erected  in  Martinsville,  one  in  the  souibern  part,  one  in  the 
northoastorn,  and  one  in  the  northwestern.  They  were  not  built,  how- 
ever, at  the  same  time,  but  at  intervals  during  the  fifties.  Why  one 
largo  building  with  two  or  three  rooms  was  not  built  ifi  not  clear.  But 
the  novelty  of  the  common  school  system,  and  the  prevailing  ignorance 




of  its  practieal  working,  prereated  it  for  a.  period  of  ycmrs  from  cxclud- 
ioff  tti«  oH  priraie  or  aub^cription  scbooU,  wtiicb  had  foniierlv  been  the 
SDirereal  aource  of  educatioa  oF  tbe  maases  from  the  town,  and  acconi- 
iogl^  dtiriag  the  fifiien  numerous  private  acboots  were  taught,  a  strong 
demuid  exiatio^  for  tbe  hieher  braoohes.  Id  1855,  M.  L.  Jubneon 
opened  the  "  Martinsville  Female  Academy."  in  the  rooms  over  Mr. 
Cnry'a  store.  Several  terms  were  taught,  and  considerable  energy  was 
DBDitiMted,  hat  the  institution  did  not  sastain  the  bope«  of  its  founder. 
Ykrioiu  other  schools  of  a  similar  character  were  conduct«d  for  short  pe- 
riods about  the  same  time.  In  about  IHiii),  the  old  Baptist  Church, 
which  htd  stood  UHUsed  for  some  time,  waa  transformed  into  a  high  echooL 
bailding  under  the  private  control  of  Dr.  Snuddjr,  who,  if  reports  are  cor- 
rect, condacted  a  select  school  of  great  excellence  for  about  two  years.  Qe 
was  succeeded  in  1862  by  Miv  M.  F.  Jones  (now  Mrs.  Wigginlon).  who 
taught  with  tiniverfial  favor  (or  three  consecntive  years.  In  1865,  R.  V. 
Marshall  Huocrt^JiNl  Miss  Jonea.  and  had  as  assistaDU  A.  M.  Cunning 
and  Miss  Comer.  Marshall  was  a  capable  man.  having  been  educated 
at  the  Sute  Univentity  at  Bloomington.  In  1807,  the  front  part  of  the 
preeent  high  school  building  was  constructed  at  a  coat  of  about  $13,500, 
William  Omer  being  the  contractor.  About  one-thlnl  of  the  cost  waa  paid 
by  Washington  Township.  Aa  yet,  the  town,  though  incorporated,  was  one 
oftbecommon  school  districts  of  the  township.  Mr.  Marshall,  with  two  as- 
flistaatsand  with  a  salary  of  Sl.OQU.  was  employed  to  commence  the ocbool 
in  tbenew  building,  which  ho  did,  contiauingforabout  two  years.  Hissac- 
Bwsor  vas  Prof.  Webater.  who  retnatned  but  a  short  time.  In  18TQ,  the 
lowD  became  an  independent  school  district,  and  immediately  purchased 
for  94,000  the  iateresi  which  Washington  Township  owned 'in  the  high 
•diool  bailding.  In  1877,  a  fine  addition  to  the  building  waa  erected 
for  $6,000.  Mrs.  Stanford  suceoedcil  Prof.  Webster,  and  was  in  tnm 
noceeded  by  Prof.  French.  The  present  I'rincipal,  Prof  Starltey,  took 
eharss  of  the  school  about  six  years  ago.  Under  bis  management  the 
luefulneas  of  the  school  has  been  doubled.  Eleis  a  man  of  fine  talt-nt  and 
eulturv.  The  school  is  one  of  the  best  of  the  kind  in  the  Stale.  In 
July,  1H83,  tlie  town  Trustcus  purchased  an  entire  bltx:k  in  the  toucb- 
eastem  part  of  town  for  92,0<)0.  upon  which  a  temporary  frame  school- 
kouM  in  to  be  erected.  This  was  rendered  necessary  by  the  inefiEcacy  of 
the  present  house  to  meet  the  want*  of  the  town.  After  a  few  years,  the 
frame  boildiog  to  be  erected  will  be  couverted  into  a  janitor's  residence, 
sad  ft  fine  brick  school  building  will  take  its  place.  This  is  glancing 
ahead,  however. 


Circnit  riders  of  various  religious  dcnominationii  came  to  Martinsville 
early  in  the  twenties,  but  if  any  attempt  was  made  to  founda  class  it  reeulted 
in  uolhingbui  failure.  Late  in  the  twenties,  however,  a  small  clnssof  Meih- 
odiste  was  partially  organised,  the  gri:>ater  number  of  the  few  members 
living  outside  of  the  town.  This  amail  class  of  Methodists  wiu  organized 
at  the  old  log  court  house  in  1**'27,  amongtho  earliest  members  being  G. 
A.  PhelpK.  James  Epperson,  John  Craig,  Edwanl  Talbot,  Noah  Allison, 
Benjamin  Ball,  Dr.  Francis  A.  Matheny,  Jacob  Harryman,  Archibftld 



Cromer.  Fred  Gardner  am]  their  familieaand  othera,  Late  io  ihe  thirtiee 
ftndcRrly  in  the  fortios,  th«  clasametat  the  house  of  Mr.  Gardner  Tor  wor 
ship.  Mioisten!  of  the  I'reiibjterian,  Chritttixn,  Bnptint  and  other  de> 
nominations  appeared  and  preached  to  uiotlvj  ussemhlugoi  of  citixens  in 
the  court  houite  and  th«  Bchoolhouso.  The  »ecoiid  periuuneiitcl&ss  orguii- 
ixed  in  tb«  tonn  wan  tliat  of  the  Cumberland  Preabvtcrian.  It  was  fully 
organised  in  1841,  br  Rev.  Elam  McCord,  with  the  following  member- 
ship: Isaac  D.  and  Thurzen  Sheppftrd,  John  Ta^art  and  wife,  William 
Morgan  and  wife,  James  Maxwell  and  wife,  Robert  Hamilton,  Grand- 
mother Bolhwell.  Polly  Rny,  Mra.  John  Cox.  Mra.  Anna  WilUama.  Mrs. 
Fraiilcj  WiUon.  It  was  organiied  in  the  court  house.  Soon  after  ihia, 
Mr.  Bbeppsrd  circulated  a  nubacription  liot  to  raisf  meanii  to  build  a 
church.  He  soon  had  about  $600  subHcribed.  The  few  Methodists  and 
Cbristiaaa  in  the  town  about  tbiatimu  discovered  what  Mr.  Sheppard  had 
accompliebed,  whereupon  meiubers  of  those  deiioniiuationa,  not  to  be  out- 
done, alio  circulated  eubauription  listtSt  but  were  met  with  the  objection 
that  it  waa  out  of  the  fjuestiun  to  try  to  build  three  churcbea  in  the  town 
at  that  time,  and  the  attempts  by  thcee  denominations  were  abandoned 
for  the  time.  The  PresbylerianB  were  so  active  that  their  church,  a  small 
brick  structure  yet  standing  in  the  town,  was  constructed  by  James  Craw- 
ford the  following  year,  1842.  The  total  cost  waa  about  81.500.  Addi- 
tions later  coit  $500.  Reir.  McCord  served  the  clasa  for  seven  consecu- 
tive years — from  IB40,  when  he  Srst  visitcnl  the  town,  to  1848.  James 
Ray,  William  Orner,  Samuel  Downing,  Benjamin  Sweet,  carpenters, 
worked  out  their  subscriptions  on  the  nuilding.  This  old  church  waa 
used  until  two  years  ago,  when  the  present  fine  brick  structure  was  srected 
by  the  same  class  at  a  cost  of  over  $6,000.  The  class  has  been  prosper- 
ous since  the  start,  and  has  had  a  Sunday  school  the  greater  portion  of 
the  lime.  W.  H.  Miller,  a  most  excellent  man  for  the  place,  and  a  lead- 
er of  the  church,  is  the  present  Superintendent.  The  miseioniLrv  work 
done  by  this  clftaa  Is  said  to  be  the  largest  in  the  conference.  This  is 
largely  due  to  Mr.  Miller  s  efforts  and  management. 

The  Methodists,  os  hoA  been  stated,  had  an  organixation  at  the  coun- 
ty seat  a^  early  a*  18*27.  The  Grays,  Crawfords  and  Warrena  belonged 
later.  The  church  was  not  built  until  about  1848-49.  It  cost  about 
$1,000.  Among  the  members  at  this  time  were  Jacob  and  Catharine 
Harryman,  Charity  Gardner,  Mr.  McCorinack'e  family,  A.  D.  Rose, 
Suaan  Rose,  Thomas  Downing,  Nancy  .Downing,  William  Downing,  E. 
T.  Harryman,  John  Edwards,  Elizabeth  Barrickmsn,  Hester  Barrick- 
man,  Mathsw  Whetstine  and  wife,  Mr.  Elliott,  Martha  Orner,  W.  W. 
Wilson,  itnd  those  mentioned  above,  and  others  to  the  number  of  about 
forty.  The  frame  church  was  used  uniil  1873,  when  the  new  brick  struct- 
ure was  built  at  a  cost  of  nearly  $17,000,  Among  the  ministars  have 
been  Tinsley,  Williams.  Dorsey.  CUrTurd,  Powell,  Dane.  Wharton,  Lalh- 
rop,  Smith,  Sutton,  McCan,  Culmer.  Grim,  Asbury.  Thompson,  Chap- 
man, Hayes,  Dinklev,  Talbot,  Brant,  McGinnis.  and  the  present  minister, 
J.  H.  Kctcham.  The  church  lias  o  mi'mburehip  of  about  300,  and  baa 
had  a  prosperous  Sunday  school  for  many  yours. 

The  Christian  class  woa  organized  early  in  the  forties,  and  a  church 
was  built  about  1846.     Among  tbe  members  were  P.  M.  Parks,  Perry 

Blankonship,  Benjumin  Sweet,  James  JKcksoD,  John  SimK,  WjllUm  Ma- 
jor, Job  HutingM,  Joel  Wilson,  W.  H,  Craie.  Sninuel  Tucker,  Thnmaii 
Hen.  Allen  HeSit,  Jaeknon  Warner,  W.  J.  Sparks  and  otheni,  including 
the  fkcnilies  of  the  ahove.  The  cla^  has  been  one  of  the  mo8l  prosperous 
Uth«  eoantv  iteat.  The  same  building,  to  which  many  improvemont* 
btTA  been  added,  is  jol  in  use.  A  Sundaj  school  was  orgoniKod  at  an 
early  d«j,  and  has  endared  until  the  present  with  a  lar^e  increase  in  the 
merobership.  The  Tuckers  have  been  prominent  in  the  chorch  since  the 

The  Bapctais  organized  at  Martinsrillo  as  e&rlj  as  1850.  A.  B. 
Alsip,  the  Frinks.  and  others  were  members.  The  brick  church  wa»  built 
about  1857,  but  for  eomo  reason  was  not  finished.  The  leading  Baptists 
reiDOTed  from  the  town,  and  the  building  was  tran-tfomied  into  a  scbool- 
bou»e,  being  thus  ose^l  until  after  the  last  war,  when  it  was  purchased  bj 
tbe  Catholics  for  $700,  and  hoe  Rince  boon  used  bv  them.  Father  Gillig 
was  ihc  first  prieet.  Among  the  members  who  have  belonged  arc  B.  Gil- 
lig, George  Frisz.  Mre,  Magee,  Mrs.  Singleton,  Mrs.  Wooda,  Pat 
King  and  famiW,  I'etcr  Miller  and  familv,  Mrs.  Lockhart,  Mrs.  Mnx- 
viUe,  Peter  Rixiney,  Mrs.  Gillig,  George  EHtling,  Charles  Schrader.  The 
priests  since  Father  Gillig  have  been  Fathar  Saell.  Father  Erceiteus, 
Father  Victor  and  Father  Stanislaus,  the  present  priest,  who  visits  (he 
daas  once  a  month. 


to  1823,  there  were  about  ten  families  at  Martinsville.  In  1S30, 
the  popaUtioD  was  about  176  ;  in  1840.  about  -lOO ;  in  1850,  about  5SS ; 
in  1860,  about  700  ;  in  1870,  about  1,350  ;  in  1880,  about  1,948;  and  in 
1888,  about  2,300. 



THERE  are  many  interesting  historical  items  connected  with  Moores- 
rille  and  ricinity.  The  settlement  there,  after  it  had  begun,  was  bo 
rapid,  and  the  settlers  were  so  intelligent,  moral  and  thrifty,  that  the 
northern  part  of  tbe  conuty  was  not  surpassed  by  any  other  portion  for 
enterprise  and  general  advancement  and  ezcellorico.  It  is  difficult  to  give 
with  any  certainty  the  name  of  the  lirst  settler  in  Brown  Township,  as 
■•Toral  came  in  about  the  same  time.  If  carefully  sifted  reports  are  re- 
liable, there  was  no  permanent  settler  until  1619,  at  which  time  a  half 
dot«n  or  more  arrived.  The  first  man  was  probably  either  Hiram  Mat* 
thews,  Boniamia  Cuthbert.  Charles  Reynolds,  Xhomas  Lee,  Samuel  Bar- 
low or  WiUiam  Ballard,  all  of  whom  entered  the  township  for  permanent 
residence  ia  1819.  It  is  thought  that  Mr.  Ballard  was  the  first,  as  ho 
opened  a  tavern  on  the  old  **Whelzel  Trace  *'  early  in  1819.  Among  others 
who  came  daring  the  next  three  or  four  years  were  John  U.  Bray,  Eli 
Hadley,  Harris  Bray,   Asa  Bales.   William   McPherson,  James   Uadlej, 


Barclaj  Burns,  Edward  Brar,  l\.  G.  Rtirris.  Jobn  D.  Cftrter,  Uien  sboy, 
Joel  Dinon.  ThomM  Bftllard,  Richard  Day,  Nathaniol  Carter,  Cburles 
VertrccH,  Joabua  Curler,  Levi  PiummtT,  Willitini  Rookcr,  Samuel 
Jones,  William  (Jrezorv,  I.  W.  ftooker,  Ira  MeniJenhall,  Willisin  KeasoD, 
Henrj  McCraclcen,  Witlintn  Hales,  Henjsmir)  White.  William  McCracken, 
Benjnmin  Thombnrg.  John  Wilson.  Thomas  McNeff,  William  McNcff. 
William  Matlock.  Samuel  Barlow,  Joseph  Moon.  Eli  Harvev,  Samuel 
Moore  and  mnnj  others.  The  poll-tax  payors  in  IH-IS  were  Cary  Bea- 
aon.  Edwanl  Brady.  William  Bradr.  Caleb  Benson,  llarriit  Bray,  John 
B.  Burt,  John  Blanton,  R.  G.  BuTris,  Smith  Boyd,  W.  M.  Black,  Bar- 
clay fiurris,  Martin  Beoeon,  John  Caveneas,  Alexander  Conduiu,  John 
Carter,  J.  H.  Combs,  Joahua  Cox,  J.  L-  Cox,  John  P.  Carter,  Perry 
Carpenter.  GabriL-I  Coble.  Daniel  Cox,  Nathaniel  Carter.  William  Day, 
Aiken  Daikeii,  Daniel  Day.  Thomaji  Dunegan,  Nathan  Dixon,  Riley 
Dixon.  John  Day,  Samuel  Ednmndnon,  Samuel  Evans.  .John  E.  Kultz. 
laanc  Fcrrand  (a  cooper),  William  Fogleman,  William  Fields,  Dr.  A.  V, 
Gray,  Daniel  Greeeon,  M.  T.  Hadlev.  Eli  Harvey,  Simon  Hadley.  Will* 
iam  Hadley,  Dr.  John  Hiner,  Job  Hndlcy.  David  Harvey,  Robert  Har- 
vey, W.  B.  Harrold,  Reuben  Harris,  Noah  Housond,  Jt^cpb  Hiatt, 
William  Harilridgo,  John  Hardrick,  Jabez  Hum,  Soloman  Hunt,  William 
Hitieon,  Thomas  Herrold,  T.  E.  Johnson,  Uesekiah  Jeiwup.  John  John- 
Bon.  P.  P.  Johnson  (a  tailor),  James  Johnson,  Georee  Kirabro,  J.  B. 
Kerr  (a  weaver),  J.  S.  Kellcy,  Obed  King.  James  Linalcy.  Aaron  Lloyd, 
William  Leailieri,  Joel  Landrum,  Alfred  Moore.  Samuel  Moore,  G-  D. 
May,  Hiram  Matthews,  John  Matthews,  John  B.  Moon,  William  Mc- 
Cracken,  Henry  McCracken,  Kilev  McCrarv.  William  McPberson, 
Tbomas  McNeff,  Ricka  Nvwby,  Robert  Nenby,  M.  L.  Orell,  James  Pad- 
dock, John  J.  Pfoff,  Joliii  Pope,  Diron  Pennington,  R.  E.  Preston  ^school- 
teacher), Michael  RuHoe.  Jcoae  S.  Hooker.  Isaac  Reed.  Thomas  Rarideo, 
James  Richardstin.  Allen  Robertson.  T.  II.  Hooker,  J.  W.  Richards. 
Jacob  Shanafelt,  Pleasant  Sumner,  Henry  Shanafelt,  J.  E.  Starr,  S.  V. 
Scott,  B.  D.  Scott.  John  W.  Thomp.«on.  Benjamin  Thornhurg,  William 
Tonell,  I.  W.  Rookcr,  George  Rosier.  Reuben  Runden  and  Eli  A''estal, 
This  list  is  given  to  preserve  the  uamea  of  as  many  old  settlers  as  possible. 

White  Lick  Cr«ek  was  the  attraction  in  early  vears.  The  land  bor- 
dering it  was  nicelv  roUins,  and  wan  largely  alluvial,  and  almost  inexhaust- 
ible in  fertility.  Log  cabins  arose  in  every  dire^etion  along  its  banks,  and 
in  a  very  short  period  waving  seas  of  wheal  and  other  grain  could  beseen. 
Richard  Day  built  a  small  corn  cracker  on  the  creek  an  early  an  1822. 
A  small  dam  wtm  built  acrosH  the  Htream,  and  a  short  race  conveyed  water 
to  the  old  **  flutter  wheel,"  which  propelled  a  small  pair  of  bulirs  made  of 
sand  stone.  The  flour  that  was  made  at  this  mill  invariably  contained 
Band  from  the  old  stoncB.  The  settlers  were  accordingly  full  of  sand  in 
more  respects  than  one.  Their  teeth  were  always  sharp  and  their  appe- 
titOiB  good,  both  being  whetted,  no  doubt,  on  the  sand.  It  was  a  cheap 
grindstone.  People  were  not  as  laHtidiouH  then  as  regards  whut  they  ate 
Bfi  they  arc  now.  Now  we  have  this  patent  fandangled  process  that 
turns  out  flour  so  fine  that  you    cannot  see  it  viiih   a  microscope.     Mr. 


Moon  erected  li»  !*aw  mill  <m  the  Cast  Fork  in  182S.  It  wu  n  rade 
•ffiur,  but  furuii^lieJ  cuni-itlerable  native  lacnber  for  a  few  yoftre.  Mr. 
Uoore  aya  that  when  he  reached  the  township  in  ldS<1,  wolves,  becrsBad 
Dui&erDas  faerdi  of  dcvr  were  almost  evcrj-day  sights  where  Mooresrille 
now  stands.  John  H.  Bray  aurted  the  fintt  fulling  mill  in  the  central 
part  of  Indiana.  It  was  located  a  short  distance  weet  of  Mooreanlle,  and 
oommenced  operation  a  year  or  two  before  1880.  It  was  n  nule  affair, 
bat  it  served  tho  porpooM  of  the  neighborhood.  He  did  not  even  card. 
The  settleri  were  oblijEed  to  do  that  ihomMlves  by  hand.  They  bought 
tbeir  cards  of  Samuel  Moore,  who  purchased  them  in  the  East  with  iiia 
goodn.  Mr.  Moore  also  brought  in  huge  balea  of  cotton,  which  were  pur* 
ehased  and  transformed  into  cloth  by  hundreds  of  wives  for  miles  around.  A 
calico  dress  at  87J  cents  per  yard  (only  four  yarii»),  was  then  rej[arded 
w  the  most  Btjlish  costume  in  the  woods.  Mrs.  Thornburg  brought  with 
her  her  silk  wedding  dress,  but  fulks  would  hare  called  her  "  stuck  up  " 
if  she  had  dared  t<  wear  it.  She  used  it  to  make  winding  sheets  for  the 
children  that  died  in  the  neighborhood.  Soon  after  the  Thomburgs 
reached  the  township  their  horses  were  stolen,  and  while  the  men  wer« 
gone  for  a  week  or  more  in  pursuit.  Mr^.  Thornburg  wits  Icfl  alone  with 
three  or  four  small  children.  She  worked  nearly  all  the  time  they  were 
gone,  burning  bnuh  and  logs,  and  gcttiujj  rcndy  for  the  coining  crop.  She 
was  the  dsa^ter  of  Kev.  Peter  Munical,  a  Methodis^c  minister  of  more 
than  ordinary  ability  and  piety.  The  Thomburgs  have  since  been  ainone 
tb«  most  en'terprising  and  rctij^ctH  citizen!*  of  the  county.  John  H. 
Bimj  «u  a  large  man,  and  wifldt.>d  groat  influeiioe  whurrvor  he  moved. 
Dnnng  the  winter  of  1821-22,  he  is  said  to  have  killed  twenty-eJght  deer 
without  going  huntit^.  That  shows  how  numerous  thoee  animals  were. 
Their  hidott  were  worth  about  ^\,  and  often  their  flesh  was  worth  little 
more  than  nothing.  Coons  were  numerous  and  their  hides  were  worth 
aboQt  a  drink  of  whisky.  It  is  told  on  the  venerable  Samuel  Moore,  that, 
on  one  occasion,  a  ooon  skin  was  traded  him  for  u  drink  of  whisky.  He 
threw  the  akin  up  in  the  loft  iind  resumed  his  place  behind  the  counter. 
Some  thirsty  Fellow  took  it  down  unnoticed  by  Mr.  Moore,  and  traded  it 
to  him  a  second  time  for  a  drink.  The  crowd  a.'i^emblcd  caught  the  idea, 
aiid'the  cheat  was  repeated  again  and  agnin  until  Mr.  Muoro  imagined  he 
had  a  loft  full  of  fins  skins.  It  is  quite  likely  thai  the  fellow  who  told 
this  story  had  been  reading  the  life  of  David  Crockett,  and  had  borrowed 
the  tale  to  tell  at  Mr.  Muora'a  expense.  Mr.  Monre  bnught  and  traded 
f'jT  coon  skins,  however,  but  he  recoUecte  nothing  nbout  finding  his  loll 
full  of  emptineiB.  The  tnle  is  n  myth.  How  foolishly  credulous  some 
persona  are,  and  how  many  will  base  fact  on  fiction  ! 


Tlie  old  Moon  Saw  Mill  continued  ti»  operate  for  several  yeam.  Har- 
ris Bray  owned  a  auw  mill  about  a  milo  and  a  half  cast  i>f  town,  and  nlao 
conducted  a  small  distillery  there  for  a  number  of  yenni.  When  Iliram 
Matthews  eaiee  to  the  township  in  1H20,  a  heavy  fall  of  snow  had  just 
fiiUen.  He  crossed  the  tracks  of  seventeen  different  bears,  all  turned 
•Mth  Mcept  one.  Benjamin  Thornburg  came  in  182*2.  He  had  no  corn, 
aod  oonld  get  none  in  the  settlement,  and   went  up  northeast  of  Indian- 


apolis  to  Strantown,  wliere  lie  obtaineij  a  supply  which  was  floated  down 
"White  River  to  the  Bluffs,  »nd  then  huiiled  out  hj  wagon.  He  helped 
his  Dcigbhors  roll  logs  thirty  daya  of  tho  Cmt  season,  nad  id  returu  li&d 
his  roliod.  It  wiis  a  sight,  no  douht,  to  see  thirty  or  forty  men  in  a  big 
field  where  togfl  and  brush  Inj  in  ever;  direction.  The  caoti  would  be 
divided  into  compunieB  with  Cttptainft,  and  each  party  would  try  to  outdo 
the  others.  Four  strong;,  eltilU'ul  men  with  hundspikes  would  pick  up 
and  carry  an  enormous  log.  It  would  take  about  n  score  of  men  nowa- 
days wilL  half  a  douD  dorricks  to  lift  .tuch  u  log  I  Vou  arc  not  reijuired, 
reader,  to  believe  that  Btatetnent  unless  you  sodeiiire.  The  women  would 
tttuially  gather  to  do  the  cooking,  and  the  times  in  and  around  the  cabiiu 
were  about  aa  lively,  and  far  more  attractive  than  out  in  the  field,  for  our 
motbera  were  young  then,  and  atrune,  and  bad  the  bright  faoes,  round 
forme  and  light  jokeit  and  laughter  which  we  mo  well  remember  in  our 
boyhood  days.  We  cg^nnot  be  too  kind  to  the  old  grandfiith«rd  and  grand- 
mothers wboBe  feet  never  tired  waiting  upon  a.»  when  we  were  helple^. 

One  day  in  September,  about  the  year  1820,  Nathaniel  Carter  went 
to  Richmond.  Ind..  to  attend  the  Quaker  annual  meeting.  While  he  waa 
gone,  along  during  tho  evening  Ira  Mcndonhall  cnmc  over  Ui  his  house  lo 
el  help  to  haul  in  a  large  bear  that  he  had  just  killed.  Ho  said  that  he 
ad  gone  out  to  get  his  cows,  and  had  discovered  the  bear,  whereupOQ  he 
6rcd  and  wounded  it.  He  chased  it  and  wounded  it  with  a  second  shot. 
This  BO  disabled  the  bear  that  he  wag  enabled  to  get  clwte  enough  to  fin- 
ish it,  which  he  did  with  a  ahoi  through  the  head.  It  waa  a  very  large 
animal,  and  wa.s  hauled  to  the  house  with  a  horse.  J.  D.  Carter,  then  a 
large  boy.  walked  behind  to  sec  that  the  bear  kept  on  it»  belly  so  that  its 
hair  would  not  be  injured.  The  hide  wan  taken  off  and  put  tu  soak. 
Mr.  Hooker  was  asked  to  come  over  to  judge  whether  the  meat  would  do 
to  eat.  He  pronounced  it  good,  and  the  neighbors  were  accordingly  re- 
galed with  choice  bear  atcak.  They  also  pronounced  it  good.  One  day 
J.  D.  Carter  was  digging  ginseng  root  near  the  woods.  Upon  looking 
up  suddenly,  he  was  a£toniehe<l  to  eee  a  large  bear  nn  a  limb  not  many 
rods  diiitant.  He  was  considerably  soared,  and  ran  to  the  house  to  get  bia 
father.  Mr.  Carter,  Sr..  hurried  out  with  hia  gun,  and  brought  Mr. 
Bruin  down  at  the  first  6re.     The  animal  weighed  about  300  pounds. 

A  Sir.lKE  STORY. 

In  April,  1823,  the  rattlesnakes  were  very  numerous  where  Richard 
Day  lived,  near  the  toll  gate  east  of  MooreHville.  There  waa  a  den  of 
thom  in  the  big  spring  there.  The  Day  boys  and  Carter  boys  secured 
several  tall  sycamore  gums  and  placed  them  by  the  flpritign,  and  then  by 
watching  with  long  pole^  succeeded  in  throwing  thirty-six  of  the  venomoas 
reptiles  into  the  guma.  whence  they  could  not  get  out.  On  Sunday,  sev- 
eral Doighbors  gathered  to  see  the  snakes.  Blood  was  taken  from  the  arm 
of  aome  man  present,  and  held  in  a  cup.  while  the  snakes  were  miiddcncd 
with  a  stick,  and  permitted  to  strike  several  timea  into  a  small  piece  of 
cloth,  and  then  the  cloth  thus  poisoned  was  dipped  in  the  blood.  Ac- 
cording to  J.  D.  Carter, who  witnessed  the  experiment*,  the  blood"boiled 



■md  boiled."  Aftffr  tho  blood  h»d  been  thoroughly  poisoned,  the  cele- 
brated rnttlitniki-  root  was  crushed  up  itnd  pluced  in  tne  cap,  whereupon 
the  boiting  instantlj  ceased.     Thh  U  a  en&ke  story. 


Thin  well-known  miin  who  is  yet  liTtng  in  Mporpgrille,  at  tho  »gc  of 
eighty-four  years,  with  recullt-clion  not  a  whit  impuirrd  by  the  nivagvs  of 
time,  came  to  Brown  Township  in  1823.  He  had  bi^on  a  resident  of 
Salem,  lod.,  for  a  short  time  previously,  and  had  there  formed  a  partner- 
ship with  Mr.  Newby,  of  the  firm  of  Booth  k  Newby,  of  Paola,  by  which 
tbe  latter  was  to  furnish  $1,500  for  three  years,  and  Mr.  Moore  was  to 
famiib  ^^OO  and  his  services  for  three  years,  to  conduct  a  general  mer- 
cantite  buaine«a.  at  some  good  point  in  the  Kcw  Purchoao  that  was  then 
rapidly  settling  up.  Mr.  Moore  came  with  his  92>*)*)(^'  wortli  of  goods. 
and  placed  the  same  in  a  blacksmith  shop,  which  had  previou«'ly  been 
boitt  and  operated  by  a  smith,  named  Charles  Vertrees  on  the  old  Indian 
Trace,  but  which  was  then  vacant.  That  amount  of  goods  then  v«a  tD 
bulk,  only  about  one-third  aa  large  as  at  [ireaent.  Calicoes,  87^  cenu  per 
yard,  and  other  things  in  proportion,  greatly  reduced  the  bulk  from  what 
it  would  be  at  present.  The  goodn  cotnplecely  filled  the  little  log  building 
thai  stood  at  the  foot  of  the  hill,  about  a  quarter  of  a  mile  south  of 
Mooresville.  and  hence  was  not  in  Moorenville  at  all.  Here  Mr.  Moore 
lived  for  three  years,  boarding  with  some  of  the  families  near  by,  and 
enjoying  a  lucrative  trade  for  that  time  and  place  with  the  white  settlers, 
and  often  with  Indiana  who  had  furs  to  dispose  of  for  trinkete  and  arnmn* 
niiion.  At  the  end  of  three  years,  the  partnership  between  Mr.  Newby 
and  Mr.  Moore  was  at  an  en'd,  and  as  the  latter  had  cleared  enough  to 
fariiLib  bim  with  a  satisfactory  capital,  without  the  aid  of  a  partner,  he 
concluded  to  settle  with  Mr.  Newby,  and  continue  the  business  on  bis  own 
responsibility.  The  net  profits  for  tho  three  years  were  $3,000.  .After 
the  business  hsd  been  settled,  Mr.  Moore  returned  with  a  fresh  stock,  and 
opeonl  the  first  store  in  Mooresville  proper,  which  wus  then  u  tutal  wilder- 
ness of  heavy  trees,  in  a  frame  building,  which  was  erected  by  Joshua 
and  Nathaniel  Carter,  carpcaCen,  and  dumucl  Ilarrymao,  mason. 


The  first  house  upon  the  prroent  site  of  the  town  was  built  by  Asa 
Bales  in  the  fall  of  1H24.  About  the  same  time,  Charles  Wilcox,  Samuel 
Moore,  William  B.  Ilarrold  and  Dr.  Curtis  G.  Hussey  built  houses. 
Tbe  latter  is  now  a  millionaire  of  Pittsbnrgh,  Penn.  Mr.  Moore'i 
hooae  waji  a  frame  structure,  the  lumber  coming  from  Mr.  Moon's  saw 
nlD<  It  Btood  where  Mr.  Woodward's  store  now  stands.  William 
0.  Lear,  Thomas  Ilarrold,  Jacob  Combs,  Isaac  Edwards,  Eli  Tanscy, 
William  Cline  and  other;),  were  other  early  residents  of  the  little  town 
which  grew  rapidly.  Mr.  Moure  of  course  had  the  first  store.  In  18126, 
Alexander  Worth  &  Co.  opened  the  second  store,  with  a  stock  worth 
about  ^,000.  Worth  had  been  interested  in  the  Sniom  firm  of  Bouth  J: 
Newhy,  the  senior  member  of  the  firm  being  the  father  of  Senalur  Booth, 
of  California.     He  hod  formerly  been  a  clock  peddler  in  the  Carotinas. 


104  ^^^^inBTORY?!?  MOROAS 

lie  aftcrwanl  moved  liia  busintsa  from  Snlem  to  Terra  Ftsutc,  where  he 
did  i  mammoth  liuMiueKS  mid  bec&tue  rich.  Hn  is  ttaid  to  be  living  there 
yet'  Mr.  Worth  wus  really  the  &gent  of  this  firm,  who»e  goods  he  was 
iDtrastcd  with.  W.  G.  Lear  opened  the  third  store  in  18:;6,  and  Silas 
Stapp,  the  fourth,  in  the  fall  of  1827.  Pemberton  Dickens  opened  a 
liquor  shop  in  1828.  He  afterward  went  lo  T>)inTill«,  where  he  engaged 
in  the  grocery  businefls.  He  could  not  write,  and  was  in  the  habit  of 
Qfling  nignii  in  keeping  hia  book  accounts.  One  day  one  of  hit  patrons 
went  to  him  lo  make  the  semi-annual  eetttement.  aod  found  among  other 
articles  that  he  was  charged  with  a  whole  cheese.  He  denied  having 
purchaeed  such  an  article  of  diet,  but  thereon  tb«  day  boolc  which  Mr. 
bickeriH  proudly  exhibited,  was  the  big  O.  tlie  sign  representing  the  cheese. 
The  patron  Mill  denied  it,  and  after  reflecting  a  moment,  scaled  that  he 
had  bought  a  grindistoue.  "  Oh  yes,"  exclaimed  Mr.  Uickenti,  "  that's  so, 
X  forgot  to  make  the  hole."  Wlkereupon  he  completed  the  entry  in  bis 
day  book  thus  O. 

*ln  1880,  Worth  &  Kclloy -went  into  partncpship  in  the  nuercnntile 
buiiineiia.  Armstead  Jackson  waa  the  lavero  keeper  in  1882.  A  Mr. 
Wortbington  went  into  purtnerehip  with  Mr.  Moore  in  about  18^  or 
1885.  He  was  rtlmed  lo  the  latter  by  marriage.  John  J.  Cox  opened  a 
tavern  and  grocery  about  the  sume  lime-  It  may  be  said  here  that 
Samuel  Moore  aold  goods  nt  Mooreaville  for  forcy*fuur  consecutive  years. 
He  was  the  leading  business  man  of  his  day  in  the  northern  part  of  the 
county.  J.  S.  KeHoy  was  probably  next  in  businetu  activJIy.  Doth 
kept  excellent  Htores  during  the  thirties  and  forlien,  often  having  as  high 
a»$15,000  worth  of  goods,  which  were  purchased  in  Ka«tern  markets  iwioe 
a  year.  William  Tarborough  kept  a  tailor  shop  in  town  about  184U. 
Along  in  the  forties.  Mr.  Worth  failed  in  the  park  business  and  wmt  suc- 
ceeded by  Hadley  &  Worthington.  Among  the  rcaidenls  ami  industries 
about  1836-37  were  the  following:  Sarntml  Moore,  J.  S.  Kelley,  Alex- 
ander Worth,  merchants;  Israpt  Hunt,  (rahriel  Cnble,  W.  M.  Hlack,  J. 
M.  Leathers,  John  Cox.  Jeremiah  Blankeniihip,  Joeeph  Hintt,  A.  Jack- 
son, W.  C  Cline,  Solomon  Hunt,  Joshua  Cox,  J.  H.  Combs  (wagon- 
maker),  W.  II.  P.  Woodward  (a  young  man  just  arrived).  Fred  Leoter 
(ehoe- maker),  B.  Wood,  Joseph  Wood.  George  D.  May,  B.  B.  Ball,  Isaac 
WilliamB,  Thomas  Murphy  (wagwn- maker),  Samuel  Walte,  James  Uichard- 
Mn,  Charles  Wilcox,  George  Crayton.  Solomon  Dunegan  and  his  throo 
sons — Lemuel,  Thomas  iind  Frank,  all  blucksniiths  and  (he  father  u  Bup- 
tiNt  preacher.  Cux,  Blankenship  and  Jackson  were  the  liquor  sellers  and 
tavern  keepers.  Mr.  Bray'e  saw-mill  and  distillery,  caet  of  town,  vere 
running.  Richardson  and  Wilcox  muda  hats  from  lamb's  wool ;  Walta  was 
a  tailor.  Mr.  Woodward  commenced  the  busine^  with  him  in  1836 
and  continued  the  business  many  years,  until  his  health  began  to  fail  him, 
when  he  ubandoucd  the  buEiricss,  as  he  3uys.just  about  the  time  flowing 
machines  came  into  use.  A  Frenchman  immed  Segart  was  a  tailor  also. 
Isaac  Williams  conducted  a  eaddlery  and  harnesa  shop.  J,  S.  Kelley 
erected  a  pottery  a  short  distance  west,  and  Ball  wa«  hh  potter.  They 
manufactured  many  excellent  crocks,  jars,  juge.  etc.,  some  of  which  may 
yet  he  seen  in  neighborhood.  Several  thousand  of  these  useful  houaehotd 
arliolea  were  made  annually  and  found  a  ready  6ale  for  many  milea 


•nnnd.  Alcxntider  Wortb';)  canlinj;  mill  wu  <noih«r  important  eiit«r- 
prisB.  At  firai  iio(hiiig  but  canling  wua  done,  bui  later,  in  obedience  to 
th«  demand,  spioning  and  w««ving  macbinory  was  purchued  and  a  Mr. 
Butian,  a  practical  weaver,  wu  employed.  Flannels,  jeana  and  aaU 
inets  were  woven.  Ai  tbis  time  (late  in  the  lliirtieA)  the  village  bad  a 
popalaiion  nf  over  SOO,  and  basiness  of  alt  desoriplions  waa  verjr  active. 

mbrcaN'tile  trade,  porK'Packiko.  err. 

Mr.  Moor*  established  hrancb  aioroB  at  the  BluJfit  and  at  Martins- 
nlle,  Uic  businetu  at  the  latter  place  being  conducted  by  Mr.  Wortbing- 
tno.  He  bad  over  $::}0,000  invested  in  general  merchandise  at  the  tbree 
places  dunng  tlie  Torties.  His  book  acoouate  were  eDonnous.  and  hit 
trade  equally  a«  extensive.  FIh  cleared  thnusaods  of  dollars.  He  erected 
a  big  grist  mill  early  in  the  thirties  on  White  Lick  Creek  near  the  town, 
und  there  waa  not  a  larger,  better  or  more  active  grist  mill  at  the  time  in 
tlie  central  part  of  the  State.  That  alone  uddeu  more  than  any  other 
one  thing  to  the  rapid  development  of  Mooreeville.  Large  (juantitieo  of 
flour,  com  meal,  wheat  and  corn  were  shipped  by  boat  from  tho  mill  down 
the  creek  to  the  river  and  thence  down  to  .Southern  markoui.  He  also 
eogigtd  cxtcQuively  in  the  pork-packing  buftinew.  employing  many  hands 
in  the  packing  s«uun  during  the  colder  months  to  do  the  ntaaghtering. 
Ue  owned  a  big  pork  boufte  at  the  BtufT.  Ue  sent  off  as  high  as  five 
boAt  toada  of  pork  and  produce  in  one  year.  John  Scott,  Reuben  Hen- 
dmon.  Perry  Carpenter.  Jacob  Peyton  and  others  were  bis  pilota.  Hs 
wot  a  total  of  nearly  thirty  boat  loa<ts  down  the  river  while  he  was  in 
tlie  busiDMS.  He  bought  nearly  100  horses  in  lb33,  and  drove  them  to 
Virginia  to  market.  They  wure  taken  (o  the  larjze  sugar  planiationa  on 
the  island  of  Cuba.  Large  nambers  of  the  hogs  nouebt  were  not 
slanghiered  at  all  here,  but  were  driven  into  Ohio  and  sold  at  the  big 
markets  there.  He  took  off  m  high  as  S,000  hogs  at  one  time  in  this 
manner,  separating  them  for  convenience  in  handling  into  droves  of  600 
wr  800,  and  driving  the  droves  a  few  miles  apart.  Many  men  were 
needed  to  uke  care  of  them  and  feed  them  on  the  way.  The  bogs  then 
were  not  aa  they  are  now.  They  were  older,  poorer,  and,  hence,  were 
much  better  traveleis.  J.  S.  Kelley  also  did  considerablo  bosiness  in 
pmk  packing  and  shipping.  Mr.  Moore  conducted  a  saw  mill  in  con- 
nection with  his  big  grist  mill. 

LATER    BCcitNiUif^    RNTKRPRIBKtt. 

Among  the  bnainesi  men  during  thu  fortiea  were  John  W.  Thompson, 
Condaitt  &  Brother,  Samuel  Moore,  J.  S.  Kelley,  Sheets  &  Brothers,  S. 
Hani,  Alfred  Moore  ii  Co..  Riley  Dixon.  Hawk  &  Yarborougfa,  J.  W. 
Parker,  Holman  and  D.  J.  Johnson  were  the  leading  merchants.  Bur- 
roagliB  k  Manker,  cabineNmakors;  S.  S.  k  J.  Ellis,  saddles  and  harness; 
Isaac  Wiliiams.  same:  Black,  Wilkins  k  Co.,  tanning  and  carrying. 
Mr.  Worth's  woolen  factory  wa»  burned  not  hr  from  1840,  but  was  then 
omnenoed  in  bia  old  pork-packing  building  which  was  fitted  up  for  the 
Mrpoee.  Here  it  was  ifaal  spinning  and  weaving  were  done.  John 
OHter  eonducted  a  liitaeed  oU  mill  in  tho  northern  part  of  town  on  a 
■uU  aeele.     The  machinerj  waa  operated  by  cattle  on  an  inclined  plane. 




In  the  full  of  1824,  Mr.  Moore,  wbo  had  purchu^eil  ihe  lani!  where 
the  tovD  now  stands,  emplorei)  a  surveyor  and  laid  out  the  Tillage,  which 
vifl  named  in  his  honor.     Th«  plat  was  an  followa  : 




BLOCK  8. 


19  Lore. 


1«  L0T9 





BLOCK  1, 

18  Lois. 

16  Lots. 




The  growth  of  tho  village  during  the  tweniios  wna  %»  rapid  that  in 
3831  the  population  was  over  200,  and  every  buaincas  industry  was  full 
of  promise.  lu  March,  1831,  the  t}ueHtiou  of  incorporating  the  town 
waa  submitted  to  the  citizens,  and  carried  b;  a  majority  of  twenty-four 
votea,  the  total  vote  being  thirty-two.  At  the  same  time,  a  Urge  addition 
of  140  lobe  vas  laid  out  and  offered  for  »ale,  with  many  huycra.  The 
lOTD  va«  accordingly  incorporated,  and  the  following  men  were  the  first 
Truetees:  Samuel  Moore,  Aita  ISalca.  W.  C.  Clinc.  J.  S.  Kelloy  and 
James  Bradabaw.  After  about  two  yeaj^,  the  municipal  government  died 
ODt,  but  waa  agaJQ  revived  in  l!33t$.  since  which  time,  if  reports  are  cor- 
rect, it  has  been  raaintained.  A  Jail  was  built  in  the  thirties,  to  accom* 
modaie  the  disorderW.  The  town  ordinances  were  published  in  the 
dironich.  editfd  iii  Moori>8vill»  in  1840  and  until  about  1851  by  T.  J. 
Worth.  This  paper  was  an  important  factor  at  Mooresville,  but  waa  not 
flupporced  to  Hatisfy  the  owner,  who  removed  it  to  the  county  seat.  The 
surrounding  country,  however,  could  not  afford  to  do  much  better,  as  it 
was  taken  in  all  families. 

Sheets  &  Brothers  engaged  in  the  tnercnntile  business  soon  after  1850> 
W.  H.  P.  Woodward  began  in  XShl,  hisi  partner  being  Mr.  Fogleman- 
Later  cutne  Thornburg  &  Son,  Robert  R.  Scott.  A.  B.  Gregory,  Calvin 
Moore,  who  owned  the  first  drug  tjtore  ;  Woodward  &  Rinaun,  grocers  ; 
Joseph  Pool,  drugs ;  (x.  W.  Horn,  liaine ;  Frank  Hadley,  same ;  llarvey, 
aame  ;  Clinton  Hadley,  the  present  draggint ;  Rnnio  k  Richardson,  stoves, 
about  twenty  years  ago;  Michael  Rusie,  hardware,  in  the  (iftiee.  and 
nuuij  others.     Tne  population  of  the  town  in  1450  wa»  about  500. 




Dry  gooda.  J.  H.  TUomiBon  &  Son.  Fred  Shcota  k  Bro.,  W.  H.  P. 
Woodward,  Parker  &  Co.;  hardware,  T.  A.  Richardson  :  grocers,  John 
A.  Newman,  W.  H.  P.  Woodward,  Leathers  Bros.,  Peter  Farmer ;  drugs. 
G.  W.  Baas.  C.  C.  Haaiey.  S.  M.  Hadley :  millinery,  Carrie  Riwie ; 
restaurants.  L.  D.  Oornvr ;  butchers,  T.  H.  Pratltcr,  Chris  £i;ler;  liTeiyi 
Hamilton  Jackson  &  Bra..  Charles  Well  ma  a  :  liaruew.  fi.  F.  Jones; 
ouriagMi  LeMider  ShanafcU,  W.  U.  White;  grist  mill,  Smith  &  Hiatt ; 
saw  mill  and  planing  mill,  Mathew  Comer;  tite  factory,  A.  W.  Iladley  k 
Bro.;  Iumb«r  yard.  Eli  Sumner ;  grain  buyers.  Smith  k  Hiatt,  Mr.  Mars- 
let  ;  creamery.  Jordan  k  Co.;  plioiogrsphor,  I.  P.  Calvert ;  printing 
officen,  W.  11.  Hunt.  Larkin  Elliott ;  hotels,  Merrick,  WcilinaQ,  Mc- 
Cracken  ;  barbent,  William  Woodd,  Solomon  RubsmII  ;  furniture.  J.  H. 
Riuie  ;  boots  and  shoes,  O.  E.  Uo'>ker  ;  brick.  Ayres  k  Dane,  P.  Fields, 
Cooper,  Mr.  Dolan  ;  contractors.  Manker  k  Cooper,  Comer  k  Marine. 


It  is  said  lliat  Grant  Stafford  taught  school  near  Judj^e  Hiram  Mat- 
thews' during  the  winter  of  18:21-1^2.  If  this  is  a  fact,  it  was  do  doubt 
tlie  first  in  the  township.  Tlie  writer  hos  been  unable  to  get  at  the  fsctft. 
It  \9  known  that  school  vraa  taught  in  that  vicinity  very  early.  Barclay 
Barns  taught  about  a  mile  east  of  Mooreaville  in  182!}.  or  perhapn  11^24. 
8«nion8  wore  held  almost  continuously  in  those  two  noighborhoodn  after 
these  6rst  terms.  Log  8ohoolhumii»  were  urcoCtid  in  both  neighborhoods 
about  1826.  A  Khool  was  start»'l  by  the  Friends  a  mite  or  two  west  of 
town  about  the  anme  time.  Thin  nch'iol  for  many  yonrti  wim  the  best  in 
the  township,  not  even  excepting  the  one  at  MonreHville.  They  were 
prominent  people,  and  many  of  them  bein^  io  good  circumstances  could 
afford  to  haro  good  sohooU  early.  Atia  Bales,  iho  first  resident  of  Moores- 
ville.  with  whom  Samuel  Moore  boardt-d  nhilo  engaged  early  iu  his  Hlore. 
was  no  doubt  the  tirol  teacher  in  the  luwn.  lie  taught  in  a  small  log 
cabin,  and  had  about  ten  scholars,  including,  if  reportit  are  correct,  ser- 
eral  of  his  own.  After  thi.4  the  growth  of  the  town  was  so  rapid  that 
schools  were  taught  there  oontinuously.  Horatio  N.  Teacle  waa  uo  early 
leaober  enat  of  town,  in  the  Bray  neighborhood.  Willis  Conduilt,  father 
of  A.  B.  Conduitt,  of  lodianapolia.  taught  school  in  the  Carter  neighbor- 
hood daring  the  very  cold  winter  of  1^25-26.  When  the  teacher 
readied  the  bouse  on  Ohri^lmaa  morning,  he  found  that  hia  large  scholars 
had  barred  the  door,  anil  he  was  reritsed  entrance  unless  he  treated.  ITe 
Bccurdiogly  went  to  town  and  bought  about  a  gallon  of  whisky,  which  he 
divided  out  among  his  pupils,  and  was  then  permitted  to  resume  his  duties 
ta-doon.  Some  of  the  boys  bocamo  too  full  (fool)  for  utterance,  and  were 
Hnt  borne  in  disgrace.  J.  D.  Carter  was  one  of  the  number.  He  went 
home  swaf^ring,  happy  as  a  lurk,  loaded  to  the  muzzle  with  a  ceaseleM 
fire  of  talk,  but  his  father  ijutetly  took  down  the  big  gad  and  gave  the 
boy  a  dreeeiDg  that  ho  remembers  until  the  present.  The  remedy  was 
corrective,  as  that  was  the  first,  last  and  only  Doosy  experience  Mr.  Car- 
ter ever  hail. 

By  the  year  1828.  the  schools  of  Mooreaville  had  become  so  excellent 

108  U18T0BY  OF  MORGAN  OOOmTT. 

(hftt  tlie  cili;!«Tui  organized  or  eatablished  tlie  Mooraarille  School  Society. 
Tb«  meeting  «ae  held  at  the  hnase  of  Samuel  Moore,  »nil  the  folloning 
offiofra  of  ibe  society   were  flevieO ;  \V,   C.  Conduiit,  Pre^idvDt;  Am 
Bilea,  Secretary;  D.    G.    Worth.   W.  C.  Conduitt,  Alexiuider   Worth, 
Joel  Dixoii  and  Aaa  Bulce,  Truatcvs.     The  Prcstdcat  of  tliia  educationul 
society  wu  an  experienced  nchoul  teacher  litmBelf,  and  a  man  of  consid- 
erable learning.     He  taught  tjuite  earljr  in  towa.     Late  in  the  iweuticit,  a 
brick  schoolhonso  was  buill  in  ihp  rilUge  under  the  direction  of  the 
society.     It  vBi  a  i»uhetantial  building  c^nlaiiitDg  ODC  rfom,  in  nhJcK 
good  teaelnfrB  were  employed  at  comfortable  wagea.     The  house  cost 
about  S^.H},  and  was  constantly  used  for  religious  purpoeea  and  aa  a  debat- 
ing and  lecturing  room.      Two  teacliem  in  ttiia  house  were  K.  TT.  Waugh 
and  K.  E.  Preston.     Late  in  tlie  fortiee,  it  was  succeeded  by  a  frame 
building  containing  two  rooms,  which  cost  SSOO.     This  house  was  used 
until  the  Friendfl'  ^ehoolbouso  was  boilt  ia  I!J6)  in  the  weatern  part  of 
town,  at  a  cost  of  S4,500,      Much   of  the   fund  was   raised  by  donation 
from  all  the  citizens  who  were  to  be  permitted  to  send  their  children 
there,  though  the  I'riends  were  to  hare  control.     In  about  1 870,  the  town 
became  an  independent  achool  district,  whereupon  the  sehoolhousc  was 
purchased  of  the  Quakers  for  $5,000.  and  the  latter  very  justly  refunded 
the  anioant  with  interest,  which  had  been  donated  by  the  other  citizens 
in  1861.     Prof.  Stewart  was  the  fintt  teacher  in  chishouae,  his  term  being 
the  winter  of  1S61-62.      He  continued  to  teach  for  three  yeani,  when  he 
was  superseded  by  Joseph  Poole.     After  the  indnpendenc  district  was 
formed,  the  first  Principal  wa«  Rarrieon  Kubbnrd.       He  was  paid  $3.89 
per  diem.     His  assistants  were  Isaac  Jones,  who  received  $2.75  per  day, 
and  Emma  Clawson,  who  received  92  per  day-     Since  then  the  Princi- 
pals have  been  John  H.  Beason,  William  0.  Ilinson,  James  Hunt,  Mary 
McNftbb.  William  M.  Hiidley,  A.  W.  Mscy,  Stephen  Hunt.  F.  J.  Byers, 
0.  C.  Charlton,  C.  P.  Eppcrt,  twoyeara;  Eiam   Uarvcy,   three  years. 
The  assistants,  beginning  in  18T1,  have  been  Louisa  Harvey,  EloJse  Tay- 
lor. Jamci  Hunt,  Mary  J.  Hunt.  Maitie  Pray,  Mnry  McNabb.  Edna  C. 
Street,  Cecilia  Hadley,  Elam  Harvev,  Elvira  Uanmilay,  Emma  Thomp- 
son, Susan  Wibon,  Hattie  Cnx,  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Perigo,  J.    H.  Woods, 
Anna  Hadley,  A-  W.  Macy.  Elvira  Perce.  Rolena  Hadley,  Jennie  Til- 
ford  and  Frank  Munkur.     Aa  high  aa  five  teachers  have  been  employed 
at  one  time.     A  large  addition  to  the  schoolhouse  is  being  constructed  the 
present  year,  which  will  cont  about  $4,000. 


Th«  writer  endeavored  to  get  accesc  to  the  records  of  the  Maaonic 
Lodge  ai  Muorcsville :  hut  as  the  roembers  he  talked  with  Deemed  to 
care  but  little  whether  a  sketch  of  it  was  written  or  not,  and  made  no  effort 
to  furnish  the  nccesaary  facts,  ihev  cannot  appear  in  these  pages.  Tlie 
lodge  is  an  old  one,  extending  back,  if  reports  are  reliable,  into  the  fortieo. 
Morgan  Lodge.  No.  211.  Odd  Fallows,  wtis  establi-fhcd  in  July,  1859, 
with  the  following  charier  members :  W,  G-  Cook.  John  H.  Uuaie.  B.  B. 
Wright,  T.  N.  Peoples,  A.  T.  Manker.  Reuben  Harris  and  Richard  P. 
Johnaon.     The  first  officers  were  W.  Q.  Cook.  N.  G- ;  B.  B.  Wright,  V. 


G. ;  T.  N.  Peoplw,  Secretary.  In  1881,  their  Sne  brick  building  was 
dntrojed  by  6re,  and  with  it  all  their  personal  effects.  Thebaildinghas 
been  rebDilt.  The  lodge  is  in  excellent  financial  conditioD,  with  property, 
ineladtog  cash,  valaed  at  $5,000.  In  1866,  Mooresville  Encampment, 
So.  74,  was  ratablished. 

Tbc  Saviogs  Bank  of  Mooresville  was  established  in  Augoet.  1872, 
the  first  officers  being  A.  W.  Reagan,  President ;  Allen  Hadley,  Vice 
President ;  Alexander  Worth,  Secretary  and  Cashier.  Id  1873,  the  estab- 
lishmeDt  became  known  as  the  Farmers'  Bank,  with  a  cash  capital  of 
$30,000,  which  was  afterward  increased  to  $50,000,  but  later  decreased 
to  9S5,0>00.  The  following  men  were  stockholders  :  Dr.  A.  W.  Reagan, 
Joseph  Pool,  L.  M.  Uadley,  Eli  J.  Sumner,  Allen  Hadley,  F.  Sheets  & 
Bru.,  Giles  B.  Mitchell,  J.  L.  Moffitt,  Joel  Jessup,  Alexander  Worth, 
Jackson  Jessup,  Uolman  Johnson,  J.  F.  Hadley,  Joseph  N.  Taylor, 
Aaron  Mills,  Ira  M.  Bray,  \V.  B.  Thompson  and  John  Sheets.  The 
Presidents  of  the  bank  have  been  Giles  B.  Mitchell,  Charles  Reeve  and 
H.  Satterwhite.  The  Cashiers  have  been'  A.  Worth,  J.  A.  Taylor,  W.  F. 
Hadley.     The  following  is  the  present  financial  condition  of  the  bank  : 


Cash  $4,008  47        Capital J86,000  00 

BilU  R«e«inble 63.668  SS        Surplus -      4,626  OU 

K«l  EaUte 14,'2;8  45        lutemi 8,837  65 

Eip«DM -  1.268  81         Deposit 66,969  02 

Foralmre 2,618  81        Ceriific»ie - 8,132  7fl 

Tu 239  8ft        Unpaid  Dlfidend 66  00 

Indiuikpolis  Nfttionftl  Bank....  20,837  2S                                                           

Winilow  &  Co ai8  h3                  Total _ J107.020  46 

Dmn* 7  17 

Tol»l ?107,O20  46 


Since  the  earliest  times,  the  rcligioua  sentiment  has  been  stronger  in 
Brown  Township  than  perhaps  any  other  portion  in  the  county  of  equal 
or  less  extent.  The  first  settlements  were  do  sooner  formed  than  min- 
isters began  to  appear,  and  classes  began  to  arm  themselves  for  the  good 
fight.  The  organization  of  all  the  classeit  cannot  be  given,  though  many 
of  the  names  of  those  prominently  connected  with  religious  interests  have 
been  wreated  from  swift-approaching  oblivion.  The  Methodist  class  at 
Mooresville  was  really  founded  by  Fliza  Moore,  wife  of  Samuel  Moore, 
not  far  from  the  year  1828.  Indeed,  she  was  about  the  only  member  at 
first,  bnt  she  was  soon  joined  by  Eli  Tansey  and  wife,  Jesse  S.  Rooker 
and  wife,  Joseph  Hunt  and  wife,  and  William  0.  Cline  and  wife.  The 
Sanday  school  for  this  class  was  established  in  1835,  by  Her.  John  Will- 
iams. In  1839,  the  members  of  this  church  were  the  families  of  the 
following  persons:  Samuel  J.  Black,  James  Kelle^,  Samuel  Stevenson.  Isaac 
Williams,  William  Herrold,  Daniel  Cox,  Jacob  L.  Pfoff,  Alexander  Worth, 
Daniel  May,  William  McClelland,  William  Carlisle,  Jonathan  Hunt,  Jacob 
Shanafelt.  Joseph  L.  Cox,  David  Shanafelt,  Daniel  Day.  Joseph  Hiatt, 
William  M.  Black,  J.  W.  Richards,  William  C.  Cline,  Eliza  Moore,  John 


HaHrick,  H.rtia  Bray.  William  A.  BUir.  Qabriel  Coble  and  J.  W. 
Thompson.  A  very  large  revivul  bad  occwrreil  two  years  before,  by  irhich 
th«  elvSB  tiail  been  mtiltinljed  nearly  tenfold.  The  old  brick  M«'ibnili«t 
Episcopal  Cburch  vriia  built  in  ISZd,  under  tlie  direction  'jf  Jumca  Kulley* 
Winiam  McClellHiid.  Dnniel  Day.  \V.  M.  Black  and  .1.  W.  Ricbanfs, 
Tniatees.  The  fund  was  raised  bv  sabscriptiorr,  the  following  men  head- 
ing the  list:  Jami-s  ri.  Kolley.  9200;  SnRinel  Mnore  (who  was  not  a 
lueriibcri.  giOO ;  Alexander  Wwrth.  $125;  Joseph  Hiatt.  ^'>y>;  Daniel 
Day.  8oO  ;  Jfnepli  Motin,  8'">0.  T!ic  totsil  siiWnption  was  81,7l!i-S2; 
shnaku;;*,  gl'.'ij.Uo;  expended  upon  ih«  church,  $1,516.87.  This  chiirdi 
waadetlii-aK'U  in  the  fall  of  ]S3!)  by  Bbhoji  Simpson.  laaac  Crawfonl 
and  Thixnaa  $.  Koeker  wero  the  tntnister^  in  chnrjje  of  tlie  class  when  the 
houne  Will  built.  This  old  hoo«e  um  used  until  ifie  prt.'.«nt  fine  brick 
Stnictnr<>  waji  built  in  1882,  at  a  ooflt  of  abont  9S.O0U.  The  elaiS  has 
ever  b«ori  -trong  and  jirosperous. 

The  old  .Methodist  cIms,  about  three  mile^  southwc«t  of  torn,  was 
organised  about  I82K.  Amoax  the  early  lOPinbcri  wcr«>  the  familiefl  of 
Benjamin  Ciithbert.  Jeremiah  Johnson,  Thotnas  Griphaui.  Nathan  Nich- 
ols. John  Cole,  Charles  Kowler.  Mr,  Ciithbert  furnished  about  an  acre 
of  Imd  for  tint  nominal  sum  of$l,  to  he  used  for  church  pnrpos^s.  This 
claw  vrai  a  branch  of  the  old  one.  near  the  re-idence  of  Benjamin  Thorn- 
bur^h.  ft  n  likely  that  the  latter  cla^  was  the  flr«t  MpthoHidt  £pi8copa] 
organisation  in  .Morgan  County.  The  lirat  sermon  was  preached  at  the 
house  of  John  Martin,  by  Rev.  Reuben  Claypool,  in  the  year  1821.  Tha 
marriage  of  Mr.  Claypoo!  to  Martha  llussell  is  said  to  have  been  the  first 
in  the  county.  The  ceremony  was  performed  before  the  county  was  or- 
gnnised.  The  class  waa  fully  organiMil  in  1821.  antl  meeting:' wore  m-istlv 
held  that  year  at  the  cabin  uf  Mr.  Marlin,  and  the  foilowiripyear  at  that  of 
William  Booker.  Among  the  first  momliers  ircre  John  Maiiin,  cliitss  leader. 
Mary  Martin.  William  Gregory,  Thomas  G-rej^ory.  Dnninl  Gregory,  Levi 
Plummer,  Patsey  Plummcr,  Gcorf^eCrutcbSctd,  .Anna  CrulcliGuld.  Catha- 
rine CrutuhficM.  Nanor  Cruichfield.  Tiioma^  Greslinni,  Sarah  Greeham, 
Samuel  Jones.  Jesse  fiookcr.  Candes  Booker.  Motlior  Monicai.  William 
Booker.  Nancy  Rooker.  Rev.  Peter  Monicai.  Haimah  Monicai,  Wesley 
Monica).  Catharine  Monicai.  Benjamin  Thorril>urg,  ^usan  Thornburg, 
Eli  Tansey,  Edith  Tansey.  Iliram  Tanney,  Able  Tfinseynnd  many  others 
later.  By  the  year  IS25,  the  class  was  largo  and  pTo^pcro^s.  In  1826. 
R«v-.  John  Strange  held  a  famouis  revival,  wjiich  largely  increatiett  the 
Biembership  of  the  church.  Several  of  the  early  ministers  were  Peter 
Mnnical.  ^:imiiel  Hamilton.  James  ArmsCron){.  Allen  Wiley  and  E.  R. 
Ame^.  This  first  church  ivas  built  late  in  the  twenties,  and  was  the  6nrt 
iu  the  county.  This  class  is  yet  in  existence,  and  has  fiv.'  or  six  branches. 
Ail  of  ibo  early  Methodist  Clinrchca  in  that  vicinity  »prttDg  from  this. 
It  was  c-illed  the  While  Lick  Methodist  Church.  The  Quakers  fully 
organized  their  class  in  1S2'2,  at  the  house  of  Asa  Balea.  wlicre  meetinj.-s 
were  held  for  some  time.  Jn  a  few  years  the  class  was  about  ai^  strong 
a*  that  of  the  Mothodisw;  indeed,  ihej&  two  cEas-xca  were  the  strongest 
and  moat  important  features  in  the  nortliern  pan  of  the  county  in  enrly 
years.  Under  ihe  supervision  of  the  Quakers,  the  Sulphur  Sprirg  School, 
in  the  western  part  of  Bruwn  Towusliip,  Ueuamc  at  that  time  the  largest. 



aioBt  prosperous 
dinren  wa»  cnllod 

n<]  most  imjiorladt  school  in  Morgan  Couutv*.  T1i*>ir 
tilt  White  Lick  Society  of  Friends.  The  yunkcr 
Cburcli  in  the  eastern  part  of  Monroe  IWD^hip  is  a  brsnch  of  (tiia. 
Tli«tr  first  bailding  was  erected  Itite  iu  the  tvenlies-  Anionc  x\i«  leading; 
mnnbers  were  che  Doans,  the  Iladlers.  the  llarvejs,  the  r«n»i«jrs.  ilie 
Balese^.  the  Bovlei)<s,  the  Pizon«,  »Qd  mony  olners.  Tlioir  eccotid 
church  was  built  in  Mborntvtlle  during  the  la!>[  wur.  The  Cbrisiiuiia 
have  a  clas«  ttt  MoorcevilU  at  present.  The  clae«  wns  or^rnnized  in  the 
forties,  mid  their  chorcb  irns  built  »oun  alter  1850.  Other  clnssea  bavo 
floambetl  io  the  township. 


TJIB    BXTRV   Ui-   I.AKI). 

TIIK  location  of  Jftckson  Township,  remote  from  any  consideniblo 
water-course,  deUyed  itfl  aettlement  for  a  few  yeara,  Tho  valley  of 
Indian  Creek,  however,  wao  too  rich  a  tract  of  country  to  reinniii  long  in 
tOi  primitive  Htnto.  and  about  rhe  middle  of  the  tvctitieR  the  Mttlerg  beoan 
la  arrive,  but  not  in  cunsidcrablouuiubcre  until  the  thirties,  at  which  time 
the  greater  portiou  of  the  land  wus  eutered  by  actual  residents.  Tlie 
fint  man.  if  accounts  are  correct,  to  locate  permanently  in  the  lownehip 
was  John  Hamilton.  He  camo  to  the  township  in  1826.  and  tho  folloW' 
ing  year  entered  a  Imel  of  land  where  now  stands  the  thriving  little  vil- 
lage of  Morganiown.  Ho  had  a  family  of  fivo  or  six  children,  lie  was 
scarcely  in  thu  township  before  he  was  joined  by  Daniel  Trozel.  Thomus 
Teeter.  Samuel  Teeter,  Robert  BowIph,  John  Shruro.  William  Williams, 
SwDpsoQ  Caciat»ey  and  a  few  oihera,  all  ol  whom  located  m  tho  vicittitj 
of  Mor^antown  on  Seeuonn  24  and  25.  It  cannot  bi'  stated  aiih  any 
certainty  that  Mr.  Hsmilton  was  the  firvt  settler.  lurteed  (here  are  evi- 
dences that  he  was  nut.  The  Gret  land  entered  from  the  Guvertiment  in 
tb«  (ownehip  was  on  Section  1  in  July,  18^1.  by  William  W.  Drew  and 
Eliaha  llemdon.  but  if  reports  ar<!  reliable  neither  of  these  men  renided 
in  (hft  township.  William  lUrritosn  catered  a  tract  on  Section  '26  in 
1824,  but  it  is  stated  that  he  did  not  rvitide  there.  lie  lired  in  Wash- 
ington Township.  William  Knox  aim«  in  1828,  locating  on  Section  25, 
and  Charles  Boss  in  1827.  on  Section  20.  Henry  Adams  bought  land 
on  Section  13  in  IM-iJi,  and  Jeese  Dangberty  on  Section  21  the  same  ro«r- 
Pinncy  Courtney  and  Jonathan  Ilostettei'  entered  land  on  Section  20  in 
1820,  but  DO  traces  of  their  refiidence  in  the  township  could  be  found. 
Tliey  probably  soon  sold  ont  to  actual  residents.  Thomas  Hadibiirgh 
fnt^rcl  u  tract  on  Section  26  in  1828,  and  another  tract  on  Section  '.IT 
tJie  sams  time.  Tbcao  were  about  the  only  land  owners  who  had  entered 
tbeir  fiamu  from  the  Gorernment  in  the  twenties,  but  there  were  other 
bmillrs  ID  the  toiriiHbip  who  were  too  poor  to  purchase  land,  and  then 
anio,  there  w«r«  other  familicn  who  had  bought  their  farms  seeoad-hand. 
Tn«  namea  of  anch  cannot  be  given. 



TI18  aettleineiu  reosirfi'l  great  a^TiiL'-wion*  esrly  in  ihe  thirties.  It  was 
the  onatoni  in  that  day,  and  Tia.tiir»lly  enough,  for  families  to  locate  near 
each  other.  Oocaaionvllv  n  mnn  hna  the  hardihood  to  go  out  into  the 
woods  eight  or  ten  tnilo^  from  any  other  riMiduiit.  but  circumsurtces  of 
this  kind  uemilly  only  Dccurred  with  the  very  earliest  farailiea.  who  were 
sare  to  be  soon  joined  by  othem,  and  thni  a  »ma.ll  nettlement  or  colony 
wonld  be  formed  with  ihp  said  firat  smiler  <w  the  foundrr  thereof.  Eariy 
in  the  i)tirti(»,  fomilieie)  bcgiui  l*)  loonte  in  all  p^rtd  of  tlte  township,  and 
the  neighborhnmU  of  uniioproved  Isml  wore  soon  a  thiig  of  the  past. 
Among  lho«c  who  bought  land  and  sc-ttlo'l  in  the  township  were  the  fol- 
lowin;;:  Jntne!!  Blair.  Robert  Grant.  Elijtili  Vnnderj^rilT,  John  Gross, 
nenjrunin  llobert-t,  France  Helton,  Thomas  Barnes,  Abraham  Cooper, 
John  Francis,  ■TamO't  tlsi-nilton,  James  Dillon.  Robert  Bowles.  Ktlward 
Oboat,  Jacob  Hatisc.  S:i(nui;l  Kuiop,  Hviiry  Kupliart.  Jamoi  T.  KiL-lcman, 
Emery  Xnrmao,  Aloxind«r  B.  Ketso,  CharltM  B.  KuUo,  William  Nor- 
man, Jubn  Whitington,  William  Kent,  John  Kemp,  Jacob  Adams,  Jostah 
Clendenen,  Samuel  Troxell,  James  B.  Keino,  Avery  Magee.  Randolph 
Lawrence.  Peter  Epperi«<>n.  Daniel  Shiremuii.  David  Haasc.  Daniel 
Avery,  Hugh  Ad:im4.  Milton  Ilickson.  Daniel  Adams,  Henry  Hamilton, 
William  Kemp.  Wilburu  Keiup.  Peter  Dill.  Abraham  Kcphart,  Samuel 
H.  Voil«.  Stephen  Howplt.  William  HowpII.  Thomas  Ros^.  Mitchell  Rosa, 
Jamee  Little,  O'larles  Leonard.  I^aac  Gross,  Benjamin  Reynoldd,  John 
Lake,  James  Kemp.  W.  W.  Helton,  Joshua  Bowie)).  Kvan  Ileynoldfl. 
Samuel  Hudiburga,  Abmhiiiu  Mull,  Jacob  Sipei,  Jo'^ph  Ileeder,  Tul- 
mon  Orovctt,  William  Willi  »in».  William  Norman.  J.  M.  CoooGeld.  Peter 
Bi.'odcr,  Anthony  Bowles,  Thomts  Owen,  Henry  Lawrence,  John  Kenley, 
and  many  others  in  the  thirties. 

POLL   TAX    PAYBR?   OF    1842. 

Jacob  Adams.  Kcnry  Adams,  Hugh  .Adams,  Daniel  Avery.  William 
Annstrong.  Snrapson  Cnnutaey,  Lenis  M.  OolTey.  Joahun  Canady.  Will- 
iam Bowles,  Alexander  Blair,  Peter  Bandy,  Joshua  Bowles,  .Anthony 
Bfjwlca.  Benjamin  Bowlew.  Peter  Dill,  (Jeorge  Downing,  Preston  Doty. 
William  I),  Dunn.  Peter  Epperson,  Thomos  Edwards.  William  Feeler. 
John  Fe.Oer,  John  Farley.  Jacob  Gross.  Reuben  UrifRth.  Charles  Garri- 
son. M.  R.  Guthridge,  Wesley  Orosw.  John  GerHalt.  William  Howell, 
John  Hnclcney.  Joliu  G.  Iline,  Julin  Hanse.  William  Hamilton,  Samuel 
Hnmilton.  8auiue1  iiudiburgh,  David  Hnase.  W.  W.  Helton.  Charlei 
Hp«s.  Chnstopher  Ht;8t,  Absalom  Haa-so,  David  Howell,  Nosh  llsase, 
Ephraim  Hniue,  A.  XI.  Hart,  B.  Johntton,  William  Jenkins,  John  John- 
son, William  Kent.  John  Kenley,  Samuel  Kemp,  John  Kelso.  John 
Kemp,  Williftin  Kemp,  William '  Kephart,  Harvey  Keeney,  Andrew 
Knox.  Willinm  Kecnoy,  Jackson  Keeney,  George  Krpbart,  Jnmcs  J. 
King,  Charles  Landers,  Owen  Lloyd.  Timothy  Lake,  John  Lake.  Hiram 
Logston,  George  Wkc,  Lewis  Lake.  Amos  Lawrence.  Fred  Miller.  .Vbe 
Mull,  Mordecni  Meadown.  Christian  Miller,  Janiee  Norman,  Ediery  Nor. 
man,  Willinm  Norman,  Daniel  Norman,  Thomad  Owen,  Timothy  Open- 
ch»in.  Benjamin  Perry,  Stephen  Perry.  William  Palmer.  Thomas  Ross, 
Joseph  Reeiier.  William  Roaicli,  Benjamin  Roberts,  Irvin  Reynolds,  Will- 
Keeder,    W.  E.   Roaoh,    George   Troxell,    John    Trower,  Julin    B. 



Thaeker,  Samael  Voils,  Joseph  Voils,  Samuel  Yandergriff,  Elijah  Van- 
■dergriff,  Eliaha  Vandergriff,  WiUiani  Wooda,  William  Wallace,  J.  F. 
Whetstine,  Edward  Watson,  John  Williams,  Emanuel  Wbetstine,  Joel 
Williams,  Frank  Worle;,  Abijah  Watkins  and  Charles  Whitaker. . 


By  the  year  1842,  the  township  was  qaite  well  settled  and  the  citi- 
xeDS  were  in  better  circamstances  and  more  comfortable.  The  log  cabin 
was  stilt  the  rule,  bat  a  few  ^rae  houses  had  made  their  appearance. 
The  wild  animals  had  largely  disappeared.  Even  deer  had  become  some- 
what scarce,  tbongh  down  in  Brown  County  among  the  precipitous  ra- 
Tines  and  almost  impenetrable  woods,  all  of  the  native  wild  animals  could  ' 
still  be  found,  not  excepting  bears  and  panthers.  These  were  rare,  but 
■till  they  were  there  for  the  hunter  who  had  sufficient  courage  to  follow 
them  to  their  lairs.  Deer  were  very  numerous  there  yet,  and  many  in- 
teresting incidents  could  be  told  of  the  hairbreadth  escapes  of  those  of 
Jackson  Township  who  went  down  there  on  hunting  excursions.  Deer, 
wolres,  caumounts,  foxes,  wild  turkeys,  myriads  of  squirrels,  snakes, 
wild  cats,  Ac  etc.,  were  still  found  in  Jackson  in  greater  or  less  abun* 
dance.  The  earliest  settlers  in  Jackson  had  a  picnic,  bo  to  speak.  John 
Hamilton,  who  lived  near  Morgantown,  tells  of  shooting  wild  turkeys  and 
deer  on  the  present  town  site  almost  every  morning,  or  whenever  they 
were  required  for  food  or  otherwise.  He  would  get  up  just  as  the  light 
began  to  break  in  the  East,  take  his  rifie.  walk  out  a  few  hundred  yards 
from  his  cabin,  and  in  a  few  minutes  the  crack  of  his  rifle  would  announce 
the  death  of  either  a  deer  or  a  wild  turkey.  The  latter  in  the  fall  of  the 
year  became  often  very  fat.  It  is  stoutly  averred  by  old  settlers,  that 
sometimes  when  they  were  shot  from  the  top  of  the  high  trees  and  fell  the 
long  distance  on  the  hard  ground,  the  skin  upon  their  backs  burst  open 
like  a  ripe  pod.  This  sounds  '*  fishy  "  now.  but  no  doubt  the  old  settlers 
state  the  truth.  Take  such  a  bird,  pluck  it  and  dress  it,  and  roa^t  it  to 
a  ripe  brown  before  the  fire-place,  and  then  garnish  it  with  rich  dressing 
and  smother  it  in  delicious  gravy  and  the  old  settlers  had  a  (east  fit  for 
the  gods.  It  makes  the  mouth  water  to  think  of  it.  A  great  sport  in 
early  times  was  the  hunting  of  bee  trees.  It  may  not  be  generally  known, 
;et  it  is  a  fact  that  wild  bees  are  unknown  far  out  in  the  wilderness,  hun- 
dreds of  miles  from  human  habitation.  They  are  like  the  pioneer  hunters. 
and  just  precede  the  advance  guard  of  pioneers.  It  required  some  experi- 
ence to  be  able  to  find  bee  trees  readily.  In  the  summer  the  flight  of  the 
bees  was  watched  and  the  direction  taken  followed.  A  close  and  experi* 
encetl  observer  could  thus  trace  them  to  their  store  of  sweets.  It  could 
be  told  fairly  well.  also,  when  a  bee  was  coming  from  the  hive  or  return- 
ing. An  examination  of  its  honey  bafcs  would  reveal  whether  it  was 
loaded  or  not.  If  it  was  loaded  and  on  the  wing,  its  course  was  a  "  bee 
line"  for  its  hive,  otherwise  it  was  seeking  some  flowery  pasture.  In  the 
winter  time  when  the  snow  was  on  the  ground,  bees  would  venture  out  of 
their  trees  on  warm  days,  would  be  frozen  to  death  and  would  drop  on  the 
snow,  where  their  bodies  would  cause  a  yellow  discoloration  of  two  or 
three  inches  in  diameter.  A  cluster  of  these  yellow  spots  could  be  seen  a 
long  distance — often  twenty  or  thirty  rods,  and  the  location  of  the  bee 



trees  «ouM  thus  be  found.  The  Hamiltons.  on  one  ocoMton,  disoorered  a 
fine  bee  tree  on  the  present  8ite  of  Morgiintowa,  froto  whicli  tilmust  u  tub* 
fill  of  the  finest  c&ndicd  honey  wiLf  obtAJned.  The  old  settlon,  taaoj  of 
tbeiu,  jlid  not  fsre  ou  bsdly  after  all. 

Otie  da;  Mr.  Daugherly  discnverei]  a  half-grown  bear  near  bis  cabin. 
The  detniU  of  the  encounter  which  occurred  are  not  fully  known,  bot 
were  aboQt  lu  follows  :  He  took  liiti  rifle  and  a  big  butcher  knife  and  ac- 
companied by  hi*  doj5  avutiously  approached  the  hear,  which  be  fired  upon. 
but  for  some  reason  only  ^ave  it  nti  ugly  wound.  The  ohoclc  prostrated 
the  animal  and  Mr.  DaugTiorty,  who  waa  near,  hurried  up  to  bleed  it.  but 
when  within  a  few  feet  of  it  thti  luiv&ge  animal  sprang  up,  and  in  a 
mooient  was  upon  the  s«t.iter  with  mouth  open  anil  ey&i  of  Gre.  Mr. 
Dauoherly  was  n  man  of  great  phy»iciit  strength  and  coumge,  and  when 
he  UJUB  found  himsi-lf  in  the  ctubnicc  of  the  bear.  h«  began  to  ply  bin 
butcher  knife  with  all  hi^  strength  aud  nkill.  Ere  many  blows  were 
atrnck.  however,  ihe  knife  wm  knocked  from  liis  han<l.  In  the  meantinie, 
the  dog  had  been  gnawing  indnatriously  at  the  poaterinr  extremity  of  the 
bear,  but  seemed  lo  miike  scarcely  any  impreaaioii.  About  the  time  the 
knife  was  knocked  down,  Mrs.  Dau^heily  appeared  upun  the  scvne, 
armed  with  a  sharp  oaav-knifi-,  and  probably  the  brnnm.  and  Mr.  Daugh- 
erty  called  out  to  ner  to  hand  him  the  knife,  nhich  she  i|uickly  did,  and 
the  hear,  which  was  weakening  fror»  the  effects  of  the  riSe  shot,  was  soon 
dispnlchnd.  The  struggle  bad  been  very  short,  and  was  within  o  few 
rode  of  the  cabin.  The  above  is  the  wav  the  »tory  was  told  to  the  writer. 
Another  incident  is  told  of  une  of  the  ICemps.  equally  as  thrilling.  This 
settler,  while  hunting  in  the  woods  with  his  big  dog.  saw  a  catamount, 
which  he  shot  at  and  wounded  in  the  shoulder,  tie  wan  so  dose  to  the 
animal  that  as  soon  as  he  had  Jircd,  enraged  vrith  the  puio  of  the  shot,  it 
turned  and  bounded  for  the  huncer,  but  was  met  by  the  dog,  and  in  ao 
instant  the  two  animals  were  fiercely  locked  together.  Notwithstanding 
the  wound  which  had  been  inflicted  upon  the  catamount,  the  figlii  had 
scarcely  begun  ere  it  became  evident  tliat  the  dog  would  come  out.  so  to 
speak,  at  the  little  end  of  the  horn.  The  catamount  seized  it  by  tlie  neck 
and  was  furiously  shaking  it.  when  Mr.  Kemp,  who  could  not  bear  to  kco 
his  faithful  old  dog  lorn  in  pieces,  rushed  up,  knife  in  hand,  leaped  sk- 
traddle  of  the  b«&«t  and  drore  his  knife  into  ita  neck.  This  stroke  seemed 
to  fiettle  aRairs.  or  the  catamount  released  its  hold  on  the  dog,  and  was 
soon  dead.  During  the  firet  few  years,  wolves  were  very  numerous  and 
often  troublesome,  Sometimes  in  the  night,  when  the  weather  was  very 
cold  and  enow  \&v  deep  upon  the  grouna.  they  becamo  so  hungry  and 
fierce  that  they  did  not  hesitate  to  attack  even  man.  On  one  occasion, 
Hugh  Adams  went  probably  in  the  southern  part  of  the  township  for  a 
piece  of  fresh  beef,  and  upon  his  return  was  somewhat  belated.  He  hod 
gone  but  a  ohort  distance  before  the  wolves  scented  the  fresh  moat  and 
were  soon  ateuUhily  fgllowiiig  him.  The  settler  with  his  meal  on  his 
shoulders,  all  he  could  conveniently  carry,  first  heard  the  howl  of  a  soli- 
tarr  wolf.  Thi»  was  repeated,  and  another  wa.t  heard  and  then  another 
anfl  another,  until  the  woods  behind  him  were  filled  with  a  chorus  of  the 



lerrifjing  sonnds.  The  trtreler,  anxioaa  for  hiii  own  Mfety  as  w«Il  as  For 
tfaat  of  the  beef,  hurried  on  n»  fiwt  us  he  could  with  his  load.  The  wolvea 
ome  closer  and  clu^er  und  then  MriMiir<l  lu  licaitutv.  though  ihcy  etill 
lept  coming  up.  On  ran  the  settler  and  oii  (nine  hiii  pursueni.  In  a  little 
while,  the  clcaritig  of  hntno  vim  i^ached.  and  soon  both  meat  and  eettler 
«er«aar«  in  the  cabin.  Ii  van  a  narrow  escap«,  mh  he  wouhl  no  doubt  have 
Wea  attack«d.  lie  (Muld  have  thrown  down  his  beef,  which  would  hnve 
d*)ajr«d  them,  but  they  wouM  have  been  alt  iho  hungrier  and  fiercier  for 
tbc  BKtnel.     iocidcQia  like  tbcct.*  might  be  utultiplied  without  limit. 

About  the  year  1830,  Joshua  AVhitelej  bmtt  a  Biuall  corn-cracker  on 
Indian  Creek,  juot  east  of  Morgaotown.  Of  course,  water  was  the 
raouir,  and  the  wheel  was  of  the  tub  or  bucket  kind.  Iliseaid  the  owner 
WOdlil  lenve  it  for  hours  at  a  time,  and,  upon  rcLuming,  would  lind  the 
grift  ground.  He  had  nn  old  dog  that  became  very  food  of  corn  meal, 
and  sometimes  when  the  mnnter  bad  lef^  the  mil]  to  ran  ititelf  the  old  dog 
woald  enter,  seat  himaelf  nn  his  hannchea  and  lick  np  the  meal  aa  faat  aa 
it  fell  from  the  inpoiit.  The  manufacture  of  meal  was  so  slow  that  it 
woold  D«t  ooioe  down  aa  fa^t  a»  the  canine  desircl,  nhereupon  he  would 
bowl  diamallj  nntil  another  mite  had  rulleii.  The  reader  may  take  the 
story  for  what  it  ia  worth.  A  few  years  afier  this  corn-cracker  waa  built, 
James  Blair  erected  another  on  the  creek  a  short  distance  weat  of  town. 
Thia  waa  operated  until  about  1840.  when  it  woji  abandoned.  Joahoa 
Bowlea  also  built  a  griHl  mill  near  town  late  in  the  thirties,  which  ran  for 
eight  or  ten  years  and  did  good  work.  The  old  Vaoiicke  Mill  at  Maha- 
lasrille  waa  built  in  the  forties,  and  under  various  ownnn  and  with  many 
imprtiTements  >h  yet  in  operation.  It  was  orijjinally  built  by  Jnhn  Coon- 
field.  David  Haaae  owned  a  8matl  distillery  where  apple  and  peach 
brandy  and  com  and  rye  whisky  were  manufactured.  Considerable  good 
Ii(]aur  wa^  made  here.  It  waa  moved  across  the  line  into  WaabingtoD 
Township,  and  waa  conducted  after  the  last  war. 


This  town  was  tirat  laid  out  i»  the  month  of  March,  183],  by  Robert 
Bowlea  and  Samuel  Teeters,  owners  and  proprietoni.  FiRy-two  lots  were 
laid  out  on  tlie  eaat  half  of  the  northwest  quarter  of  Section  25,  and  the 
east  half  of  the  aoatfaweat  quarter  of  Section  24,  Township  11  north, 
Baage  2  east.  For  aotoe  reason  this  plal  was  not  satisfactory,  as  in  1836 
the  lota  were  laid  out  anew  (on  the  south  side  of  the  main  east  and  west 
strvet  at  leoat).  The  Ent  resident  on  the  present  town  iiit<.>  waa  no  doubt 
Bamoel  Teetetv.  who  located  there  in  Iti'ZH.  He  was  afterward  joined  by 
John  Bowlee,  Joba  Whitington,  Avery  Magee,  Andrew  Shell,  Thomas 
Hadiburgh.  Hugh  Adama.  Thomas  Txwkhart.  John  Fee.  Samuel  Iaw< 
rmoe,  William  Woods.  James  Mclntire.  John  Fi-slcr.  William  Fenler, 
JaoMS  Pratt.  John  Francis.  Tinioihy  Obenchain,  Henry  Hamilton,  Itohert 
McNanght.  lUuhen  Griffitt,  John 'lludiburgh,  William  Fee,  Col.  John 
Vawter,  Samuel  Lawrence.  Gabriel  GivBa«.  ThomsaTeeler-t,  D.  D.  Med- 
del,  James  Blair.  J.  J.  Kelso,  and  many  others.     In  1836,  the  village  had 


lusrvsr  OP  morgan  cofwir. 


a  popalatjoo  of  about  fifteen  ranilim,  or  siironty  pereaus.  Dr.  Sarnuol  R. 
Trower  was  the  Brst  resident  physician  ;  Jamra  Pratt  and  William  Fealer 
were  th<>  first  blacksmiths;  John  Fee  wan  the  first  Postmnster ;  Lewts 
Luke  iiitttle  the  first  set  of  harness  in  the  town ;  VVillJam  Adaoia  began 
selling  liq^Qor  in  1831,  and  Thomas  Hudibargh  opened  a  general  store  in 
1832;  Henry  Hamilton  began  aelting  fif;uor  in  1833  ;  Samncl  and  H«nry 
Lawrence  and  Avery  Mageo  opened  a  liquor  store  in  1^34.  At  ihia 
time  the  sale  of  liquor  was  certainly  in  a  tiourithing  condition.  It  will 
be  remeoibereil  that  many  of  the  early  settlers  came  froni  Kentucky — the 
land  of  gocKl  whisky,  fut  horttos  and  beautiful  women.  In  1836,  Col. 
John  Vawter  sent  a  stock  of  general  merchandise,  worth  about  %  1,0Q0.  in 
charge  of  Jamea  Chamhera,  to  Morgantowu,  but  did  not  go  tboro  himself 
until  years  afterward.  John  Fe«  opened  the  first  store  of  goods,  how- 
ever, in  lS;t4.  Me  started,  it  is  said,  with  about  ?'i.O<.iO  worth  of  goode. 
In  1885,  Thomas  Lockhart  opened  a  liquorstore.  Liquor  establishment* 
in  those  daya  were  callvd  "'groceries."  The  other  term  is  used  hero  to 
prevent  misunderatanding.  Mr.  Lockhart  soon  changed  his  stock  lo 
general  merchandise.  John  MeKinley  opened  a  "grocery"  in  183H. 
and  Jame-i  Norman  the  same  fann  af^i^rward.  Jamej  Revllle,  an  old 
bachelor,  ootumenced  selling  liouor  in  193i5.  Thomas  Edwards  opened  a 
shoe  shop  in  1S37.  It  was  during  this  year  that  Martin  &■  Crocker 
brought  to  the  villaac  about  $4,000  worth  of  poods.  A  few  years  later, 
the  lirm  became  deaninn  i  Crocker.  S.  R.  Tniwcr  &  Son  became  mcr- 
chante  in  1837,  and  Preston  Dotr  the  eatne  year.  £li  Murphy  sold  mer- 
chandise in  ISiSH.  fn  1H8^,  il.  0.  Martin,  who  had  been  in  with 
Crocker,  Htnrted  a  new  »tore  on  h'la  own  account.  E.  St.  John  sold  liquor 
in  1889.  Vawter.  Huiliburgh,  Trower.  Fee.  the  Lawrences,  Hamilton, 
Peter  Kecney,  and  perhaps  others,  were  in  business  in  1839  and  1840. 
In  IB41,  Downing  &  Qnttiridgo  opened  a  store.  During  the  forties,  the 
leading  merchant.^  were  several  of  the  above,  aUio  Feeler  &  Seaman, 
James  Baldwin.  Fealer  k  Egbert,  Jtogers  k  Coleman,  and  others, 
Afterward  came  John  W.  Knight,  .Andrew  .S.  and  James  Hickey, 
John  CoUclt.  and  oti  still  later.  Col.  W.  A.  Adams.  Butler,  Putter* 
son  Jc  N^uley.  Col.  Vawtt^r  coiitinui>d  in  butinipss  until  his  death  in 
about  I8tl4.  Ho  started  back  in  the  ihirtios,  but  did  not  live  in  the 
village  until  later.  lie  became  a  prominent  citizen.  R.  M.  Dill  came 
later.  William  Fesler  was  Ool.  Vawter's  partner,  and  continued  the  busi- 
ness after  the  latter's  denth.  and  until  his  own  death  in  18ti8.  Samuel 
Hamilton  was  in  t)i«  mercantile  busiitoss  in  the  sixties.  His  successor 
was  James  Hurtuii.  Horton's  partner  later  was  RusengnrdeO-  James 
Hickey.  J.  1).  &  J.  S.  Coleman,  hardware;  Freeman  k  Montgomery. 
Mate  Kerlin,  drugs,  about  IS!*'.  The  first  hnrneitH  shop  of  GonHei|uence 
was  kept  by  Qeorge  and  Milton  McNaught,  in  the  forties.  Thomas  A. 
Rude,  drugs;  A.  C.  Payn,  drugs;  Knox  &  McPhelers,  drup« ;  Ar- 
nold &  Ncfll.  ilrU^«:  J.  S.  Kephart,  livery,  in  the  sixties;  Rude  k 
Canntaey,  same,  burned  down ;  Israel  Egbert,  livery :  Lee  k  Knos. 
same;  Mrs.  Eliza  Walker,  millinery  goods,  in  the  stztiea. 


Obenchaio  &  Lake  owned  and  conducted  quite  an  extensive  cabinet 


shop  earlj  in  the  fortiefl.  The  Feslers  were  in  the  same  business,  together 
with  wagons  and  bagKies,  in  the  thirties.  T.  J.  Lamb  conducted  a  wagon 
shop  later.  It  is  sam  that  William  Wood  manufactured  the  first  wagons 
in  town.  One  of  the  earliest  and  most  noteworthy  industries  was  the 
linseed  oil  mill  bnilt  by  John  Fee  about  the  year  1835.  Much  more 
flax  was  raised  in  those  times,  comparatively,  than  now.  Almost  every 
&rmer  owned  a  flax  field.  The  soed  found  its  way  into  Fee's  mill,  where 
it  was  crushed  by  iron  rollers,  heated  until  the  oil  had  run  out  and  then 
pressed  into  cakes,  and  sold  for  food  to  stock.  Five  or  six  hands  were 
constantly  employed,  and  hundreds  of  gallons  of  the  oil  were  barreled 
and  transported  to  market.  The  enterprise  continued  eight  or  ten  years. 
Early  in  the  fifties,  James  McAllister  built  a  woolen  mill,  where  for  four 
or  five  years  large  amounts  of  wool  were  carded,  but  no  spinning  or 
weaving  was  done.  He  also  owned  a  saw  mill.  Mr.  Lang  built  the  big 
grist  mill  near  the  depot  many  years  ago.  The  grinding  has  run  down 
at  present.  William  Hickey  manufactured  targe  quantities  of  plug 
tobacco  about  twenty  years  ago,  continuing  about  three  years.  He  used 
all  the  tobacco  raised  for  miles  around,  and  brought  in  considerable  from 
outside  points.     The  present  population  of  the  town  is  about  800. 


Dry  goods,  Clarence  H.  Jones,  G.  W.  Buckner,  W.  B.  Hill,  J.  H. 
Hickey  k  Son,  Mrs.  M.  L.  Walker.  G-roceries,'!.  N.  Coonfield,  G-ibSon 
ft  Son,  Moses  Wooden.  Hardware,  George  Montgomery.  Drugs,  W. 
M.  Berry  &  Co.,  M.  T.  Hancock.  Furniture  and  undertaking,  Peter 
Fesler.  Millinery,  Mrs.  M.  L,  Walker.  Paulina  Vandergriff,  Mrs.  L.  G. 
Karst.  Agricultural  implements,  C.  H.  Obenchain,  J.  W.  Crawford  & 
Son.  Barber,  A.  L.  G-ross.  Hotels,  Charles  Saltcom,  James  Santifer. 
Photographer,  James  Walker.  Butchers,  George  Overstreet,  Harry 
Jackson.  Carpenters  and  builders.  Fester  Brothers,  Jeremiah  KeUo. 
Doctors,  R.  C.  Griffitt,  W.  H.  Butler,  Mr.  Seifridge.  Ira  Willen.  Saw 
mill  and  lumber,  M.  J.  Bell.  Grist  mills,  R.  M.  Dill,  W.  S.  Coleman. 
Harness,  J.  M.  Neeley.  Boots  and  shoes,  James  Hickey.  -  Liveries,  J. 
K-  ColTman,  W,  H.  Fesler.  Lawyers,  Judge  Ramsey,  W.  L,  Rude,  J. 
V.  King.  Common  sense  bee  hives,  Sprague  &  Patterson.  High  School 
Professor,  James  Henry,  1882-83.  Secret  societies.  Masons,  Odd  Fel- 
lows and  Knights  of  Honor.  The  village  was  incorporated  about  1870, 
but  was  not  continued  thus. 


Schools  were  started  in  the  vicinity  of  Morgantown,  under  the  pat- 
ronage of  the  residents  of  that  neighborhood,  about  the  year  1830.  A 
log  schoolhouse  was  built  east  of  town,  and  was  used  until  about  1834, 
when  another  was  built  in  town.  This  was  used  until  1840,  when  a 
frame  schoolhouse  took  its  place.  John  Fee  donated  the  lot.  The  first 
teacher  in  town  cannot  be  named.  Milton  Guthridge,  John  Vitito  and 
James  Hogeland  were  early  teachers,  but  not  the  first.  Early  in  the  fifties 
a  new  frame  schoolhouse  was  built  which  was  used  continuously  until  the 

5 resent  brick  building  was  built,  about  ten  years  ago,  at  a  cost  of  S3.700, 
Ir.  Demoss  being  the  contractor.     Cathcart,  Kennedy,  Shuck,  Morris 



and  others  have  taught  in  this  houM.  It  is  a  Gno  two-story  brick  build- 
ing, snd  ■!•  It  creiiic  to  the  town  Rtid  townshin.  It  waH  built  \ty  the  (okd- 
eliip,  mid  is  called  the  Jackson  Towoship  High  School.  It  woe  during; 
the  1uLt«r  partof  tho  dficado  of  the  thirlios  chat  scIiooIb  wer«  tiianediii  the 
weetero,  soutlicrn  and  northern  portions.  In  1840,  there  were  fotir  m- 
tablished  BchooU,  and  in  IS^O,  three  more. 


A  clow  of  the  Christian  denotnination  wu  organized  at  Morgatitown 
earlj  in  the  forties,  among  tbo  inenibent  hcine  the  fumiliea  of  John  Fesler, 
Albert  RoberM.  John  Trower,  George  W,  SicNaught  and  others.  The 
c1h!?8  niL<i  eraall  and  did  not  grow  rapidly.  After  a  few  years  thev  were 
strong  enoDgh  to  build  n  fratne  church  in  the  ca.<ttern  part  of  the  town. 
This  bouse  was  used  until  ihv  presrtic  brick  was  erecicl  vntly  in  the  sev* 
enties,  at  a  cost  uf  about  9-^i'^0-  The  Methodists  had  the  first  clnxs  in 
Morgantown.  It  was  organixcil  not  far  from  1886.  The  early  member- 
ship cnmprised  among  others  the  familiea  of  Reuben  GrilBtt,  A.  S. 
Hickey.  DaTid  Howell.  James  Pratt,  John  Cochran.  Samuel  C.  Ilamilton, 
Jaraeg  A.  Coeplin,  Daniel  H.  Warner.  Larkin  DeHart  and  others.  In 
Deccinher.  1844.  Jaiiics  Pratt,  for  810.  deeded  to  the  clasa  a  piece  of 
land  -ilxSl  feet  on  Lot  fi4.  upon  which  the  following  year  a  log  church 
VB8  built.  This  house  waa  used  until  about  the  beginning  ol  the  lattt 
war,  when  the  present  frame  structure  was  erected  at  a  cost  of  $2,000. 
The  class  is  considerably  run  down  at  present,  and  needs  some  evangelist 
to  Btir  it  up.  About  1815,  a  Gcrcnan  Methodist  class  was  organized  in 
the  nortiiern .  [>art.  TIic  families  of  (Ihrislian  llcss,  George  Wcamer, 
Michael  Knii»stinB.  Fred  Miller,  David  Bowling,  Conrad  5luth.  Fred 
Trnckesfl  and  others  belonged.  The  class  divided  soon,  one  branch  be- 
coming German  Lutherans,  nt  the  hcail  being  Michael  Knipsdne,  Henry 
Cook,  Andrew  Gross  and  others.  Their  churcli  wa«  built  after  a  few 
yean.  Late  in  the  forties,  tlie  Mount  Nebu  Methudisi  Church  was  organ- 
ised. ^Villiam  Howell,  D.inici  Moore,  Man.slicld  Mijorc,  Martin  L. 
Creed,  Ed  B'ergusari  and  William  H.  Jnckson  were  leading  members,  the 
latter  being  pastor  in  1851.  Their  church  was  built  after  a  few  yea ra. 
A  Baptist  Church  was  built  at  Morgantown  in  the  fifties,  the  whole  ex- 
pense, or  nearly  so,  being  borne  by  Col.  Vuntor.  It  was  a  brick  build- 
ing, and  is  said  to  have  cost  $2,000.  This  church  was  succeeded,  four  or 
five  yoara  ago,  by  the  present  frame  building,  which  coet  $2,100.  Later 
churches  have  been  started  by  the  MelhodiNtn  and  llaptisl.^.  There  are 
DOW  in  the  township  nine  churi:hes.  This  speaks  well  for  the  moraU  of 
the  township. 

THE    t)AKNB«    FAMILV. 


IN  ihe  month  of  December,  1819,  Benjamin  BitrneA,  a  resident 
Counersville,  lad.,  packed  wliat  little  hou^elioM  goods  he  owned  id  a 
wacon  drnvn  by  n  voko  of  oxen,  and  with  his  wife  and  family  of  two  »oti8 
■nil  four  daughters  sUirtcd  wcatward  for  the  "White  Rivor  Country." 
This  caunlrr.  or  that  purtton  of  it  known  !i9  the  New  PurvhsAo,  had  be«n 
Mcared  by  trenty  from  the  Indians  only  a  little  more  than  a  year  befure, 
and  wag  already  attracting  the  attention  nf  settlers  Hceking  home?.  Mr. 
Bamca  and  family  were  accompanied  by  Jubii  Buuerficld.  Sr.,  aud 
Hiail  Buiierfiold  (who  waa  not  a  relative  of  John  Butterfield'e),  buth  of 
whom  came  out  with  him  to  look  at  the  country  with  a  view  to  futnie 
MtilemenL  Not  a  hog,  sheep,  horse  or  a  head  nf  cattle  except  the  yoke 
of  oxen,  was  broaghc  ouL  Mr.  Barnes  was  poor,  and  had  noteren  enough 
money  to  enter  a  tract  of  land  tiad  the  eaine  beon  in  market,  which  was 
not  yet  the  caws.  Tho  faiailv  croaacil  White  River,  cither  at  tho  bluffa.  or, 
which  i^  more  likely,  at  the  stolts  !ieulL<inent.  a  few  miles  farther  down 
the  river,  and  soon  arrived  at  a  point  about  two  miles  aoiitheast  of  Center- 
Ion,  where  Mr.  Barnes  decided  to  make  a  permanent  location.  The 
weather  wus  cold,  and  a  temjtorary  camp  was  preparud  for  ibo  comfort  of 
the  family,  and  the  men  irnmediatt-ly  afiL-rwurd  began  to  out  togs  for  a 
cabin.  The  ruilc  building  was  completed  in  two  or  throe  days,  and  thb 
fiimily  were  soon  enaconced  therein,  and  miule  as  comfortable  aa  powible. 
Tho  Boor  was  the  bare  earth,  the  roof  wiia  hark  und  dap-bonrds  haalily 
cut  ODt,  and  the  door  was  of  the  same  material.  The  mnst  important 
featuro  in  (lie  room  wa*  a  big  fircpluce,  Glled  with  blaniug  \ogi  which  im- 
parted beat,  cheerfulnew  and  comfort  to  the  small  room.  A  floor  of 
puDcbeonB  waa  afterward  added  aa  uoon  as  possible,  Mr.  Barnes  and  all 
the  members  of  his  family,  ns  noon  as  their  hnmn  was  made  comfortable, 
went  lo  work  to  clear  and  deailen  a  tniot  of  land  for  a  on>p  for  the  coming 
season.  By  April.  1820,  they  had  thirty  acres  deadened,  and  partly  cleared. 
tb«  greator  portion  of  which  was  planted  with  com  and  vegetables,  the 
former  having  been  bri>ught  out  thi!  December  before,  and  the  latter  about 
seeding  time.  Here  the  Barnes  family  lived  for  several  yeitrs.  Their 
first  land  was  bought  on  the  5th  of  September.  1820.  the  second  day  of 
lb*  Mt«. 


As  soon  B8  th»  Barnes  cabin  had  been  built,  John  ButterJield  went 
bark  to  C<JtinorsviIle  where  his  fiimily  resided.  In  the  following  Septem- 
ber, he  went  to  Terre  Haute,  and  bought  160  ncres  of  land  on  Section  1. 
Township  12  north.  Kan;!;o  1  oaM,  lyin;;  about  a  mile  and  a  half  south- 
SMt  of  Centerlon.  and  early  the  following  spring  (1821)  came  out  with  his 
sons  Velorns  and  John  II.,  and  three  hired  men.  named  respectively 
Adams,  Sauford  and  Bllven,  nud  in  a  few  weeks  cleared  about  six   acres, 




and  erected  ft  cahin.  A  crop  of  cm  was  caltivatod  during  ihe  soinmer 
hy  one  of  the  baja,  who  boanli-d  with  the  Barnct^  familr.  In  the  fnll  of 
1821,  the  Riittorliplil  fntnily.  consisting  nf  the  father,  mother,  Bve  Konn 
ftud  one  daughter,  look  u\t  their  permanent  residence  in  this  now 

Borne  time  artcr  thee«ttthlbhiiic-nt  of  the  Stotts  cettlcin<;iit  in  Green 
Township  in  lf<U'.  the  date  not  being  known,  but  cerijiiiily  prior  to  the 
let  of  March,  1820,  Maj.  James  Siott«  and  hia  son  Uobert  C.  built  a 
cabin,  and  pormanently  located  on  atract  of  land  about  three  miles  south- 
east of  Centertou.  It  is  likelr  that  this  occurred  during  the  fall  of  11^19, 
or  the  winter  of  181£*— 20.  About  the  same  time  the  family  of  John 
ilodge  loeateil  in  the  same  neighborhood.  On  Tuesday  the  3d  of  April, 
1820,  (ieorjie  Matthews  and  his  three  Bons.  John,  Alfred  and  Calvin,  ae- 
cumpaiiicd  by  a  man  named  W'illiaia  Dormao,  cacne  in  a  wa^n  drawn  by 
*  joTce  of  oxen  to  the  cabin  in  Maj.  Stoits.  There  the  rude  wagon  road 
that  had  been  cut  out  ended,  aud  the  men  were  obliged  to  cut  their  way 
onward.  After  aereral  hours  they  reached  the  present  site  of  Centerton, 
where  Mr.  Matthews  concluded  to  locate  permbnently.  A  log  cabin  was 
built  and  the  work  of  clearing  and  rlendening  was  begun.  John  Matthews 
say»  that  there  were  but  three  families  in  Clay  Township  when  ho 
arrived  as  above  stated,  and  they  lived  on  the  east  side  of  White  Lick 
Creek.  They  were  those  of  Benjamin  Barnes,  Maj.  Jame6  Stotta  aud 
John  Hodge.  Several  other  families  arrived  later  in  1820,  among  them 
beioR  those  of  Jacob  Case.  John  Clark,  Isaiah  Drury,  Elijah  Lang.  With- 
in the  next  three  or  four  years  there  came  John  Siipp.  (iporge  A.  Phelps, 
Alexnndcr  Cox,  Jonathan  Lyon,  EzckicI  Slaughter,  Jame-i  Lang,  David 
Muiloek.  Benjamiu  and  Eiiuch  McCarty,  FraniMS  Brock.  Martin  McDaa- 
iet,  William  Jonee,  John  McMahon,  William  Matlock.  Hiram  Motthewfl, 
John  A.  Stinn,  Abraham  Stipp,  David  Spencer,  Lewis  Dcaton,  William 
Powell,  G.  W.  Bryant,  John,  David,  Samuel  and  William  Scott,  Michael 
Stipp,  Edward  Brady,  John  >[cDaniel,  Moses  Slaaghter,  !>r.  EH  Run- 
nelB  and  many  other*.  Still  later  came  William  Morgan,  KlLfiinkcr, 
David  Collins.  Jesse  and  Eli  OvcrKin.  Abraham  Griggs.  James  Nitblo.  J.  ^i 
B.  Maxwell,  L>;ibney  Gooch,  John  Kobb,  John  Albertson,  Adam  Spooa,^^H 
Jesse,  William  and  Jeremiah  ]*oe.  Jesne  Gonch,  William  Moss,  Levi  Col-^B 
lins,  William  Ctdlitiii  and  others.  The  sons  of  John  Butterlteld  were 
VeloruB.  John  H.  and  Merannoe.  Tho«e  of  Alexander  Cox  were  John, 
Paul  and  William.  Those  of  George  Matthews  were  John,  Alfred,  Cal- 
vin, JuincH  and  George.  Those  of  Jonathjin  Lyon  were  Harrison  and 
Jonathan,  Jr. 

The  following  men  were  asecesed  a  poll  tax  in  Clay  Townwhip  in  1 842 : 
J.  P.  Anderson.  Snmnel  Allen.  A.  Ayres.  M.  Brody,  Cvrns  Bowles. 
John  Bowles.  W.  T.  Bull.  John  Boyd.  Lorenzo  D.  Bain.  ^V'illiam  Boyd. 
J.  S.  Bryant.  Eli  Brav,  Anderson  Brown.  Valorus  Butterfield,  Thomas 
Bryant.  Eli  Bowles,  Arcliibahl  ISnvd.  David  Bowles.  L.  G.  Butterfield. 
D.  A.  Butterfield,  Wesley  Creed,  Charles  Cox.  William  Cox.  Paul  Cox, 
James  Carder.  Alexander  Clark,  W.  F.  Childit,  James  Cox,  Williaoi 
Kennedy,  Robert  A,  Childs,  James  Cross,  John  Creed,  D.  L.  Collins, 
W.  E,  Carter,  Joseph  Clnghom.  David  Collins.  John  Crank,  John  Cox, 
William  Dorman.  Brently  Deacon,  A.  J.  Deaion.  James  Deaton,  John 


Donegao,  White  Davidson,  James  Donsvsn.  David  Ely,  Renben  Ely, 
Elijah  Erviik,  John  Edwards,  Simeoo  K.  Ely,  G.  W.  Fields,  Evia  Fowler. 
John  Fowler,  Dabney  Gooch,  James  Griggs.  Eli  Greeaon,  Franklin  Gar- 
rison, Nathan  Goble,  Jesse  Gooch,  A.  Hutchinson.  Garrison  Hubbard. 
S.  H.  Harcoat,  Jesse  Hubbard.  Beverly  Gregory's  heirs.  William  Hard- 
rick,  Samuel  Jackson,  Thomas  Kirkendorf,  David  Kirkendorf,  James 
Kitchen.  Jonathan  Lyon,  Jr.,  Harrison  Lyon,  Hardin  Leggett,  William 
Lang,  H.  T.  Lang,  James  Lowder,  James  Lang,  Emery  Lloyd,  William 
MeNeff,  H.  R.  McFherson,  John  McDaniet,  Simeon  McDaniel,  Henry 
Myers,  Calvin  Matthews,  George  Matthews,  James  Matthews,  Alfred 
Matthews,  John  Maxwell,  Joseph  Monical,  Thomas  Morgiin,  George 
Monical,  John  McCracken,  Gary  Matthews,  James  Noble,  G.  W.  Olda, 
Ell  Overton,  Jared  Olds,  Francis  Fatram,  Anthony  Poe,  William  Poe, 
Jeremiah  Poe,  Andrew  Parsley,  Andrew  Paul,  VVilliam  Pinter,  Noah 
Rinker,  Alexander  Rich,  S.  H.  Reynolds,  William  Rinker,  Eii  Rinker, 
Samoel  Ray,  Daniel  Reeves,  John  Rsmaey,  Thomas  Ray.  Simeon  Robb, 
Alfred  Robiosoo,  George  Sheets,  Andrew  Stafford.  David  Spencer.  John 
S.  Spardock.  John  Scott,  John  Sheets,  Nathaniel  Simpson,  Peter  Spoon, 
Adam  Spoon,  Robert  C.  Stotts,  John  C.  Stotts,  Robert  Stewart,  David 
Scott,  Benjamin  Stipp,  Joseph  Strade,  Isaac  Strader,  Ezekiel  Slaughter, 
Moses  Slanghter,  Toang  Sellers,  W.  H.  Sailor,  Abraham  Stipp,  Benja- 
min SufToi^,  John  Stuart,  Jeremiah  Tacket,  Jacob  Tinkle,  William 
Taeket.  William  Wall,  J.  W.  Wake&eld,  Solomon  Wear,  Samuel  Wilson. 
David  Wear,  William  Wear.  Joshua  Wilson,  Jr.,  Jeptfaa  Williams,  John 
Wridbt,  Andrew  Wright,  William  Whitrel,  Samuel  R.  Wright  and  Sam- 
Del  Zollinger.  The  heaviest  tax- payers  were  as  follows:  Johu  Butter- 
field,  910..58  ;  Aiken  Daken.  914.02;  John  Hodge,  $19.12;  Jonathan 
Lyon.  Jr.,818.68;  Harrison  Lyon,  817.16;  M.  T.  Lang.  812,50  ;  Calvin 
.Matthews,  911.46;  Robert  C.  Stotts,  $14.93  ;  Ezekiel  Slaughter,  $19.93; 
G.  A.  Worth,  $13.53. 


So  far  as  can  be  learned,  the  first  improvement  made  by  white  men 
in  the  township  of  Clay  was  the  corn-cracker  erected  on  the  creek  at 
Brooklyn,  in  the  summer  of  1819,  by  Benjamin  Cuthbert.  The  struct- 
ure was  bnilt  of  logs,  was  about  18x18  feet,  and  was  operating  when  Ben- 
jamin Barnes  came  to  the  township  in  December,  1819.  The  stones  were 
"nigger-heads"  which  had  been  made  from  granite  bowlders  by  Mr. 
Cuthbert.  and  the  dam  was  built  of  brush,  logs,  stones,  etc.  Mr.  Cuth- 
bert lived  northward  in  Brown  Township,  about  two  miles  above  the 
milt.  He  would  go  down  to  his  little  mill  and  remain  there  nearly  a 
week  without  going  home,  doing  in  the  meantime  the  most  of  his  own 
cooking  in  the  fire-place  in  the  mill.  It  is  said  that  he  could  bake  an 
excellent  johnny-cake,  and  was  an  expert  at  roasting  meat.  He  no 
doubt  lived  on  the  fat  of  the  land.  All  the  settlers  throughout  the 
northern  part  of  the  county  went  to  his  mill  for  their  meal,  and  all 
complained  of  the  ''grit"  contained  in  the  corn-bread  baked  therefrom. 
As  this  bread  was  the  chief  urticle  of  diet,  the  complaints  from  the 
women,  especially,  multiplied.  Mrs.  Barnes  was  probably  the  only  ex- 
ception to  this  statement.     She  had  an  impediment  in  her  speech   which 



limlud  her  converaktioD  to   iltv  mere^c  monosHlablea. 
envied  as  th«  luckiest  man  in  his  d^oacstic  rewcioas  in 

Mr.  Barnes  waa 
ill  the  surround- 

ing country. 

In  1823.  Jonathan  Lron,  who  had,  in  1820,  purchased  qait«  a  tract 
of  land  at  what  n  now  Hrooklyn,  came  to  the  township,  itecured  the  old 
mill  of  Mr.  Cuthbert,  greadj  improved  it  and  the  dam,  built  a  Baw  mill 
on  the-  oppoaile  aide,  and  soon  afterirard  built  a  storehouse,  in  which  he 
placed  a  stock  of  goods  worth  nbauc  $2,00').  It  it  likelr  that  the  goods 
were  not  brought  on  until  1824.  Mr.  Lynn  had  several  grown  sons,  who 
managed  the  railU  and  the  stare  for  him,  while  he  remained  the  most  of 
the  Urnc  ai  his  home  in  another  portion  of  the  State.  In  1826,  or  poe- 
Bibly  1826.  Mr.  Lyon  erected  a  distillery  and  a  tannery,  and  paid  James 
S.  Kcllcy  gyOlJ  to  conduct  them  both  for  a  few  TCars.  at  the  end  of  which 
time  they  were  to  he  returned  to  the  owner.  Mr.  Lyon.  The  profits  aa 
welt  a-s  the  exppn'*pn  of  the  enterprises  were  to  be  borne  by  the  owner. 
Mr.  Lyon  also  ntarted  a  battery  soon  afterward.  The  store,  the  distillery, 
the  tunoery,  the  battery,  the  grist  mill  and  the  saw  mill  were  conducted 
Buoceasfully  by  Mr.  Kollevt  the  Lyon  boy«  and  considerable  hired  hotp 
until  about  the  year  1880,  when  Mr.  Kelly's  contract  wich  Mr.  Lyon  ex- 
pired, and  the  former  went  to  Mooresvitle  and  engaged  in  the  mercantile 
pursuit.  The  son.i  of  Mr.  Lyon  continued  the  enterprises.  Early  in  the 
thirties,  in  addition  to  the  other  pursuits,  pork-packing  wm  commeaced, 
and  vra«  carried  on  for  many  yean  quite  extensively.  Those  industries 
Aerved  to  make  the  place  one  of  the  most  important  induetnal  points  in 
the  county.  Of  coarse,  no  town  had  yet  been  started  there.  Late  in 
the  forties,  the  Lyons  Hold  out  their  intere^U  or  abandoned  tliem.  Lnng 
before  this,  however,  or  ubuut  1835.  tlicy  bad  built  a  steam  distillery, 
which  took  the  place  of  the  one  6r8t  built,  aud  bad  a  much  greater 
capacity.  Probably  aa  high  as  lOl)  barrels  of  whisky  were  manufactured 
annually,  a  considerable  portioH  of  which  found  a  ready  sale  at  home,  the 
remainiier  being  shipped  to  points.  This  distillery  was  destroyed 
by  fire  about  the  year  lS4fl.  and  thereby  hangn  a  tale  which  the  old  set* 
tiers  may  toll.     Ask  them. 

The  township  had  all  the  distilleries  ticei'Sdury  in  early  yeara.  Eli 
Bray  owned  one;  aU<>  William  Darman,  Thomas  ilichardson  and  Ben- 
jamin Buriies.  The  latter  built  a  small  com  cracker,  which  was  propelled 
by  horses.  It  waa  erected  for  the  purpose  of  supplying  the  distdlery, 
Rve  was  also  prnund  there.  It  is  said  that  at  some  of  these  earlv  dift- 
tilleries,  pumpkin*,  potatoes,  cte.,  were  mnnufactnrftd  into  wbiglcy  or 
brandy.  All  old  scttlerM  airree  tbat  the  lii^uor  of  that  day  wiu  far  supe- 
rior to  the  poisonous  stuff  of  these  later  degenerate  days.  They  probably 
know  what  they  are  talking  about.  And  tlien.  again,  people  did  not  get 
drunk  aa  often  as  they  do  now.     The  halcyon  days  have  indeed  gone  by. 

fn  about  1858,  Fntnk  L;mders  opened  a  store.  He  began  about 
Uhristraa.s.  and  tiie  following  .March  laid  out  the  town,  whicti  began  to 
grow  oa  tlie  railroad  wr^'^  being  built,  that  is,  the  grading  bad  commenced. 
Quite  a  number  of  families  soon  locateil  in  the  town.  'Griggs,  Cook  A 
Scott  opened  a  sture  about  186!^.     The  merclianie  since  then,  in  ordcTt 

hM,t9  b««o  Dill  ii  Orius,  Cox  &  Lftod^re  (near  tbe  clos«  of  the  laot  w&rt, 
Gracory  *  Clark,  ^t»orj  ft  Coanci),  Gregory  A  Kobbing,  J.  N. 
Gr«g«7,  P.  S.  McNeff  *  Bro.  (1»72),  Silas  Rinker,  McNVff  &  Rinker, 
Grvgocy  ft  Sod,  Ira  McDaniel,  P.  S.  McNetT.  Richsnlson  &.  Morgan. 
WilltatD  McNcff.  Tbo  prc««nt  morchanu  »r«  P.  8.  Mc^eff,  Philips  & 
Bro.,  Richard  Lub.  F.  B.  MiU«r,  Daniel  Tborabarg. 

M.  O-  £  F.  M.  Pietx%  started  a  woolen  (mctorj  about  1866,  in  a 
bailding  thai  had  been  built  by  William  Sparks.  The;  carded  and  spun 
for  about  two  jean,  and  then  retired  from  the  baeinws.  Th«  preeent 
giiat  tnill  was  built  in  18o2  by  William  and  JufiD  Paddock.     Afit-r  a  few 

JiearB,  tber  wer»  ditcceedcd  by  John  and  William  Batt^rfield,  and  a  Tear 
at«r  by  Griggs  ii  Clark.  William  Sparks  bought  it  daring  the  war. 
Tb«  prceeat  owner,  John  SIcDaniel,  bought  it  late  in  the  Biitles.  It  hai 
been  an  ezeelleni  mill.  It  is  now  being  refitted,  iron  rotla  beiuf;  inserted 
in  the  place  of  stone  bnhrs.  The  town  has  had  one  or  more  saw  tnilU 
■noe  the  earliest  time.  J.  R.  Qardiu  is  the  present  owner.  The  popu- 
lation of  the  town  is  greater  now  than  erer  before,  and  is  about  S60. 


This  Tillage  was  laid  oat  in  March,  1864,  by  Calvin  Matthews,  ad* 
miniilrstor  of  the  esUte  of  Jame«  Matthews,  deceased.  Hiram  T.  Craig 
Tis  lb*  sarvejor,  and  is  said  to  hare  named  the  town  fmta  its  location 
in  dw  ooantj.  There  was  a  time  when  Centerton  could  hare  secured  thp 
priie  of  the  county  seat.  This  was  io  the  fifties,  juat  before  the  present 
eoort  boose  was  built,  and  later  just  before  the  railroad  was  completed. 
Sufficient  infiuenoe  was  not  brought  to  bear  opon  the  points  of  success. 
Almost  every  unprejudiced  penon  will  readily  say  that  the  county  seat 
ahoald  be  located  either  at  Centerton  or  on  the  railroad  in  its  immediate 
Tioinity.  There  can  be  no  question  of  the  justice  and  future  public  pol- 
icy  of  this  fact  It  is  well  known  that  pecantary  interests  are  tbe  only 
oonxideralioQs  which  keep  it  where  it  is.  Might,  not  right,  roles.  Of 
ooorse  there  are  parties  at  Martinsville,  who,  wise  as  serpents,  will  not 
admit  these  statements,  though  ifae  heavens  fall.  The  citizens  of  the 
county  should  m«  that  the  next  court  honse  is  built  at  C«Qt«rton. 

The  fint  store  in  Centerton  was  opt^ncd  by  William  Spencer  .lOon  after 
the  tots  were  laid  out.  He  bec&me  the  tirsc  sj^ent  of  Uncle  Sam.  Thom- 
as llardrick  was  the  second  merchant,  and  B.  S.  Cox  the  third.  Tbe 
leading  merehants  since  then  have  been  Silas  Rinker,  J.  T.  Pierey,  Stipp 
Jk  Greco.  Alexander  Hardrjck,  William  Gooch,  D.  S.  CInnenta.  Allen 
Knglisb,  Bush  Brotbcra,  Mil««  Matthews  and  Lewis  Campbell,  The  lat- 
ter and  Bush  Brothers  are  yet  in  bu^im*^.  .\mi)iig  (he  early  families  in 
Centerton  were  those  of  Calvin  .^lattLtws,  William  Spencer,  William 
Cox.  Thomas  Ilardrivk,  Dr.  Skclton,  Paul  Sinu,  Joseph  R<^b,  John 
Shields,  Mr.  Hunt,  Jamen  .Adams  and  John  Butlerfield.  The  present 
popnlslion  of  the  villsf^e  is  about  200.  The  first  blacksmith  was  Iliram 
Cox.  W.  J.  Manker  ownod  and  conducted  the  first  saw  mill.  Saw 
milU  have  since  been  owned  and  operated  by  Mndison  Matthews,  Dixon 
h  Shields,  John  Butterfield,  Washington  Putnck.  Gamble  Rroifaers, 
Cetitertoa  baa  in  its  vicinity  tlie  beet  Sre  brick  clay  in  the  State.  Tbe 
bride  for  the  now  State  hoose  are  being  manufactured  about  two  railee 

ootliwest  of  the  town.  Jackson  Rword,  an  old  wttler  of  tbe  county, 
vlio  locateii  in  Washington  Township  in  IH83.  hns  been  a  resilient  of 
CUy  Township  aince  1^3.  The  coanty  baa  had  no  citizen  of  greater 
prominence  aud  worth. 


The  Brat  sohoolhouBe  batlt  in  Clay  Towoahip  waa  ereoted  in  the  But* 
ter(ieM  neighborhood  in  1S28,  and  during  the  suramer  of  that  jear  the 
first  echool  in  the  townahip  wng  taught  therein  by  Hiram  Collins. 
The  hou»e  waa  a  round-log  Btrnclure,  with  a  big  fire-place,  paper  windows, 
puncheon  seata  and  door.  ButtcrfieM,  Bamefl,  Case,  Hodge,  Stott£  and 
others  helped  to  erect  che  building.  Collins  was  a  good  teacher,  but  was 
affeot«d  with  the  phtbinic,  which  often  made  him  crons.  That  was  the  sig- 
Dal  for  indiHcriiuiuato  whipping.  Hiatt  Thomas  taught  in  the  8nnie 
house  the  following  winter.  He  was  a  jovial  fellow,  anil  nt  noon  would 
hunt  coons  with  his  larger  boya.  George  A.  Fhi-lpH  vtaa  an  early  teacher 
in  thia  house.  After  several  years,  this  houne  was  sueceeded  by  a  better 
one  built  a  short  distance  east.  Another  early  teacher  in  the  first  house 
was  a  Mr.  Williams.  A  school  was  taught  in  the  neighborhood  of  the 
Matthews  at  Contertou  very  early,  but  the  facta  could  not  be  learned. 
Several  geboals  fltarted  up  in  the  thirties!,  and  additional  ones  in  the  for- 
ties. The  frame  schoolhousc  in  Brooklyn  was  built  early  in  the  fifties. 
It  was  destroyed  by  fire  in  1SS3.  The  fimt  teacher  in  Brooklyn  is  for- 
gotten. A  new  brick  achoolhouse  will  be  built  there  within  the  next 
year  or  two,  at  a  cost  of  about  $5,i>00.  The  first  schoolhouse  in  Center- 
ton  waa  built  oarly  in  the  fifties.  Thomas  Skclton  was  probably  the  firat 
teacher.  A  man  named  Moore  was  the  second.  This  house  was  used 
until  1883,  when  a  fine  brick  structure  was  constructed  at  a  cost  of  about 
$,'),000.  The  building  in  ■l-Vx-'il^  fent,  in  two  Htoriea  high,  hais  four  rooms, 
two  above  and  two  below,  has  a  wide  hall  and  stairway  on  the  west  side, 
and  the  cost  is  borne  by  the  township.  The  first  teacher  in  this  building 
was  Prof  Smith.     Clay  has  excellent  schools. 


It  18  said  that  the  first  sermon  preached  in  the  township  wa«  delix-ered 
by  Rev.  Proctor,  an  eminent  minister  of  the  Presbyterian  Church,  who 
was  on  his  way,  in  1823,  from  bis  home  in  Indianapolis  to  BloomingioQ. 
Ind.,  where  he  had  an  appointment  to  hold  religious  Bcrvices.  He  stopped 
at  the  house  of  John  Buttorfield,  and  entertained  that  family  and  a  few  of 
the  neighbors  who  gathered  to  hear  him.  The  Church  of  Christ,  in  the 
aoutheastom  pert,  was  organized  in  the  thirties,  and  for  some  timo  meet- 
ings were  held  nt  the  houses  of  Vclorus  Butterfield,  Thomas  Morgan  and 
family,  Abraham  Griggs  and  family,  James  Noble,  Levi  Flummer.  The 
ground  fnr  the  church  was  furninhed  by  Mr.  Plummer,  and  wnfl  on  Section 
do,  Township  13  north.  Kange  2  en-st.  The  log  church  was  erected  early 
in  the  forties.  A  number  of  years  afterward  it  was  burned  down,  and  a 
frame  church  was  erected  in  ju  place.  The  Methodists  had  an  early 
organization  in  the  Rinker  neighborhnod.  and  in  the  forties  a  log  church 
was  erected  at  what  was  called  Rinker*B  Comer,  After  many  years  a 
frame  house  took  ite  place.  The  Methodist  Church  in  Brooklyn  waft 
erected  in  1369,  and  dedicated  in  1870.     The  membership  is  now  quite 

MUNROB  T0W.S6H1P.  124 

large.  TIio  Ctiristian  Ctiurcli  in  Brookljn  nus  built  (liree  or  four  years 
after  the  Methmlist  ('burch,  and  tlie  class  is  in  a  proAperoiin  condition. 
Th9  Chriniao  Church  at  Centerton  was  moved  there  about  two  yenrs  &j»o. 
It  formerly  stood  in  the  Rinker  neiji^hborhood.  id  the  eostern  purt  of  tb« 
towaahip,  and  then  was  occupied  by  the  MethotUets. 



MONROE  TOWNSHIP  it  one  of  the  oldest  portions  of  the  county, 
and  in  same  reHpvcts  the  raoat  interesting.     It  is  a  fine  tract  of 
rolling  land,  well  drained,  and  the  greater  portion  of  the  i>qi1  is  a  rich 
sandy  lown,  one  of  the  beet  kinds  for  general  and  inexliaustible  cultivotion. 
The  first  tract  of  laud  entered  in  the  township  was  on  Section  29,  in  the 
nortfaeastern  part,  by  WillluiD  Pounds,  in  1820;  but  Mr.  Pounds  did  not 
oimc  to  the  township  for  uevcrul  yea.r8,  and  was  therefore  not  the  first 
tettler.     It  cannot  be  certainly  stated  who  the  first  wus,  but  the  burden 
of  evidencce  is  in  favor  of  John   H.   Bray,  who  lived  to  the  remarkable 
age  of  ninety-four  years.     He  located  on  Soctiou  28,  i»  the  northcnetern 
part  of  the  township  in  tlic  year  1822.     He  was  bom  in  North  Carolina 
duriog  the  Revolotiopary  wnr.  and  lived  until  seven  or  eight  years  ago- 
He  waa  a  young  man  at  the  beginning  of  the  prcseni.  century,  and  was 
tniddl»-aged  at  tho  time  of  the  war  of  1812-15.     Ho  waa  a  man  of  stal- 
wart frame,  and  peas  cased  an  iron  conatitution.     During  his  long  resi- 
dence in  the  county,  be  was  cue  of  the  must  prominent  and  public-spiritaj 
of  the  citisens.     Among  those  who  cnme  in  soon  after  him  wore  Jeremiab 
HadleT.  Chnrtea  Allen.  Thomas  Rubotlom,  Zimri  Allen.  James  Hadlcy, 
John  Dtmn.  Robert  McCrackeri.  James  Dcmoss,  Henry  Brewer,  Lot  M. 
lladley.  T.  E.  Hailley,  Philip  Johnson.  Samuel  Hudley,  Jonathan  Doan, 
Joseph  Hobson,  William  Brav,  Joshua  Carter,  Oliver  Kimberton,  David 
Coilina,   Moses   Itoughani,   Simon   B.    lladley,   Jesse  Overman,   Enoch 
Hadley,  Jeese  Ballard,  Elijah  Tansey,  William  Tansey,  Abel  Thompson. 
John  C.  BurriH,  Hiram  Toralinwtn.  Eneas  Ward,  Ephraim  Doan,  William 
JobDSOD,  George  Crutchfield.  John  Hadley,  George  Soaton,  Timothy  H. 
JsMOp,  William  Carter,  Martin   Durenporl,  Daniel  Beals,  Job  and  Jesse 
J«bnMD,  laaaoHougham,  and  a  little  later  John  P.  Lamb,  Isaac  Hahson, 
David    Lindley,   John   Bryant,   Sumuil   Harper.   Alfred  Elliott,   James 
Reynolds,  Jonathan  Mendenhall,  Elisha  Gregory,  Jesse  Allen,  NichoUs 
Johnson,  John  S.   Hubbsrd,   Peter  Coble,  A nron  Lindley,  George   Hub- 
bard. Edward  Lindley,  JaraM  Lindley,  Jo*hiia  Lindley,  Owen  Lindley, 
Aaron   Shaw,  Thomna  Edwardit.  James  Pruitt,   Benjamin    K.  William'a, 
Woodaoa  Lewallen,  Iva  Stout.  JoKSe  B*ldwin,  Eli  Vesta],  William  Wisner. 
Janes    Marley.    Daniel    Ferrce.    Arao)i    Marker.  Joseph    Pray.   Thomas 
KieboU  ud  others.     A  few  of  theac  never  lived  in  the  township. 



ThoiDM  Anderson.  Ziiuri  AUeti,  Charles  Allen,  Jesse 
Balet,  D«ai«l  Cftrter.  William  CbamWrs.  Isaac  Chew,  Samuel  Chew, 
David  Doflj).  Josepli  Doan,  Jesse  Doan,  Robert  Doan.  Jonalhau  Doan, 
William  Doan,  James  DemoM,  John  Edw&nia,  Samuel  Edwardf,  Nathan 
EilwanU.  Alfrfd  Eiliolt,  Abe  Elliott,  Peter  Farmer.  Jeiwc  FaulJiner. 
John  Ferree,  Daniel  Ferree,  l>avi<i  Greeson,  Peter  Greeaon,  Eliaa  Gregory, 
Dnniel  Ilornadiij.  T.  M.  Iladley.  Aaron  UndleT.  S.  H-  lladlcy,  William 
Boroaduy,  James  Hndle;,  Ii*anc  Hobson,  £lias  Undley.  David  Johuson, 
iJicholaa  Jobiison.  Gideon  Johnson,  David  Liudley.  Kdwnrd  Lindley, 
Woodtton  Lewallen,  Owen  Lindlcy,  J.  T.  Marlett,  Robert  MoCracken, 
John  M»rley,  Janie»  Marle^r,  William  McClellan,  John  McClellan,  Nathan 
KicboU,  James  Pitman,  George  Rul)')tt<im,  Aaron  8baw,  [va  Stout, 
Alexander  Sliore.  David  Sbanurek,  Jee^e  Tmisey,  Eli  Townnend,  Elijah 
Tansey.  William  Winner,  Benjamin  Wilgon  and  somoothera,  whose  names 
cannot  be  made  out. 


In  the  month  of  June,  1834,  Qideon  Jobnnoti  and  George  rtubban} 
eii]{)]oyed  a  eurrejor  and  laid  out  forty-Bve  Iota  on  Section  l2.  Township 
13  nurtb.  Range  1  we«t,  and  named  the  village  thus  founded  Monrovia — 
n  Tariatioii  of  the  name  of  the  township.  The  (irst  merchants  were 
Gideon  Jobnaon  and  Ira  Hadley,  ■■acb  of  whom  owned  a  store.  If  one 
be^ai)  selling  before  the  other,  such  fact  is  not  now  remembered.  In 
18^7,  Mr.  Johnson  Bold  out  to  Thomas  Edwards  k  Co.,  for  3600,  Lota 
1,  2.  18  and  14,  Block  8.  together  with  nil  thu  uppurt«nancca  thereunto 
belon>^ing.  This  company  was  eomposcd  of  Tboi^s  Edwards,  I.  B. 
EdwardH  and  C.  G.  llussey.  Thia  compnny  owned  about  8'2,000  worth 
of  a  general  a.«.tortn)t^nt  of  good-i.  About  the  time  thiit  sale  wax  effected, 
John  Carter  laid  out  an  addition  of  sixteen  lota  to  the  town.  Mr.  Iladloy 
still  continued  bis  business,  taking  in  a  partner  in  1888.  Mr.  Johnson 
must  have  opened  another  store  soon  alter  his  sale,  as  he  took  out  a 
license  in  18Sd  to  sell  merchandiae.  Eli  Vestal  was  an  early  merchant 
in  ihe  viltage.  Henry  and  Noah  York  engaged  in  the  same  pursuit  early  ^ 
in  the  forties.  Irvin  Cavenesa  was  the  fir*t  tavern  keeper.  Samun* 
VTilhito  and  John  Valentine  were  probably  the  firat  bluckamitbs.  A  man 
named  Hairblll  opened  n  saddle  and  harness  shop,  and  John  Edwards 
began  making  wagons.  The  growth  of  the  village,  though  not  rapid,  waa 
steady  and  permanent.  For  aeverul  yeara,  beginning  about  1H42,  there 
was  no  store  in  town.  Thia  is  said  to  have  been  due  to  the  hard  times 
resulting  from  the  of  1837.  Owen  Johnson  opened  a  store  about 
1S45,  and  soon  afterward  Ira  Hadley  rwumcd  bie  busincsa,  which  had 
been  temporarily  abatidoncd.  Cullinn,  an  Irislnnan,  opened  a  store  about 
1850.  Milton  Lindley  was  engaged  in  the  same  pursuit  about  the  aum« 
time,  or  possibly  before.  Benjamin  Young  came  in  with  goods  a  liltla 
later,  and  Porter  &  Breedlove  still  later.  After  them  ct\mo  Samuel  Ilad- 
ley. Joaepli  Fulghmau.  )l.  B.  Shaw.  Butler  k  Mcndeiiliull,  Mciidenhall 
k  Thompson,  W.  B.  Thompson,  PhJhps  &  Johnson,  K.  P,  Johnson  &  Co., 
and  several  others,  whose  names  are  forgotten.  .\  ateam  grist  mill  waa 
built  in  the  town  not  far  from  the  vear  1887.  and  vm  the  first  of  the 


hiod  in  the  etntnl  part  of  the  State.  But  the  machinerT  vns  too  rude 
to  cump«i«  jtit  with  the  numvroua  puwerTul  vnter  milU.  and  the  mill 
proTAl  a  failure,  and  waA  t>oon  ahnniloned,  and  the  machinery  vu  removed. 
0«ar^  Hadtey  built  a  wonl-carding  eHtabliithment  about  1840,  the  motor 
being  cattle  on  an  inclined  pl&ne.  It  pu&ged  to  Silas  G^e^orJ,  trho  eon- 
ducied  it  until  about  1850.  No  spinning  or  weaving  was  done.  A  man 
nanie'l  Dunning  manufactured  saddles  quite  cxtonsivol;  in  the  forties. 
Hairhill  followed  the  same  occupation.  Ira  Fowler  nwiii;i]  u  diatillerT 
Boae  distance  soatb  of  town,  where  lovers  of  ardent  spirita  could  secure 
their  £tvorile  potations.  Merahon  was  a  cabinet  and  cofRn  maker,  and 
waa  probably  the  first  undertaker  in  the  town.  Mr.  Caveti09»  kept  a 
aboe  abop  in  connection  with  \m  tavern.  William  Wisner  conducted  a 
Xaaaerjt  beginning  about  1836.  it  b  said  that  Joseph  l'ra;r  started  the 
boaiDeia,  hut  foon  sold  out  tn  NVianer.  A  saw  milt  was  cnn<luctecl  in  con- 
nection with  the  steam  grist  mill.  Harris  &  Oodd&rd  built  the  present 
iteam  grist  mill  in  1856.  A  woolen  mill  was  added  to  il.  John  McOaniel 
boQgbt  both  mills  about  liJOl,  but  soon  sold  out  to  Charles  Smith,  who 
maoe  money  during  the  war.  Hadley  &  Tavlor  Huccccfled  Smith.  In 
about  1868,  the  two  mills  were  separated,  each  being  owned  by  different 
parties.  John  Stanton  bought  the  woolen  mill,  and  Iladley  i^  Taylor 
owned  the  grist  mill.  Mr.  Taylor  is  the  present  owner  of  the  grint  mill. 
The  woolen  mill  was  an  imporlnul  industry.  Spinning  and  wenving  was 
done.  Flannels,  jeana  and  other  clothe  were  manufactured.  Various 
other  induBtriea  have  flourished  from  time  to  time,  bnl  the  above  are  the 
more  important. 


Dry  goods,  Samuel  Philips,  Pacoly  Thompson;  drugs,  J.  C.  Hiuit  k 
Co..  XfcCracken  Brothers;  groceries,  Habba  k  Johnson,  Wilson  Brothers, 
Fteli  tt  Sod,  S.  H.  Henley  ;  hardware  and  agricultural  implements,  Hobhs 
k  Johnson;  milliners,  Johnson  Sisters,  Alma  Jetfrieti,  Mattie  Hubbard; 
barber,  Henry  Book;  grist  mill,  Albert  Taylor;  haruess,  J.  H.  Hunt; 
livery,  Daniel  Brewer;  photographer,  Mr.  Calvert;  tile  factory,  John  M. 
Dam;  carriages  and  wagons,  llenry  Binkley;  undertaker,  Jerry  Well- 

A  newspaper  wn?  started  in  the  town  about  1880,  by  a  man  named 
Stotzell.  After  a  checkered  career  of  about  six  months,  it  became  de- 
fanet.  Late  in  the  sixtioe.  the  village  became  the  *'  incorporated  town  of 
UonroTia."  Ordinances  were  adopted,  streets  wure  drained,  eideualka 
were  built,  etc.,  but  af^or  a  few  years  the  municipal  garernmcnt  was 


It  is  not  positively  known  where  the  first  .ichool  was  taught,  as  several 
yeare  elapsed  after  the  first  settlement  before  an  attempt  was  made  to  c«- 
tabtiib  a  school  in  the  township,  owing  to  the  fact  that  within  a  mile  or 
two  ia  Brown  Township,  good  schools  had  been  started  some  years  before, 
and  tho  older  children  in  Monroe  could  attend  tliere  during  the  winter 
tDoaihs,  and  tho  younger  ones  during  the  summer  months,  which  was  then 
regarded  ns  sufficient  schooling  for  large  and  small  children  for  the  year. 
It  is  likely  that  terms  of  school  were  held  inprivaie  residences  before  the 


fifst  estaWishofl  school  came  into  oxislcncB.  The  first  school  of  which 
aH_Y  (iisiiiict  rcmeuibranco  is  hud  was  wught  in  tho  West  Union  Cliurch 
east  of  Monrovia  during  tlie  winter  of  183t2-38  b;  Joshua  Lindloy.  He 
wu  paid  by  suWcription,  and  had  a  full  Hchonl.  David  Lindle^r  taught 
in  the  church  after  him.  At  the  end  nr  about  thred  v«ars,  the  Qaakern 
built  a  schoolhouse  adjoining  the  church,  and  in  thii  building  Evan  Had- 
ley  wn«  the  firs>t  teacher.  After  that  date  the  school  was  ono  of  the  bi^st 
in  the  northern  part  of  Uik  county.  A  echoolhouBe  wna  built  west  of 
Monrovia  abiiuC  18S6.  A  school  was  also  started  up  in  the  southeustern 
part  and  another  in  the  nonheKsiern  part  about  the  same  time.  In  each 
of  th^e  neighborhoods,  however,  tertnn  of  school  had  be^n  tnnght  in 
private  houses  for  ftcverni  years  before  the  public  schools  were  firmly  es- 
tablished. The  first  teai-her  in  Monrovia  was  a  well-oducated  man  named 
Buttvrfield,  who  taught  a  three  months'  term  during  the  winter  of 
1837-S8,  in  a  Bohoolbouiie  that  had  been  erected  the  aummer  and  autumn 

Mr.  Buttorfield  was  an  educator  in  advance  of  his  time,  and  wa«  re- 
garded as  a  "cniDk"  on  the  subject  ofhi«  own  thoorics  of  public  instruc- 
tion, Instead  of  being  really  "  cranky."  he  simply  earnestly  favored  and 
publicly  advocated  a  system  of  education,  which  has  since  derelcipod  into 
the  hi^jh  schools  of  to-day.  The  only  difference  between  his  theory  and 
the  present  system  was  the  nianner  of  obtaining  funds  for  the  support  of 
the  schools.  It  is  stated  that  he  favored  public  taxation  for  the  support 
of  the  schaok  for  the  maescH,  but  as  his  theory  in  this  rcepcct  was  un- 
popular in  his  day,  or  more  .Hpecifically  at  Monrovia,  he  took  the  next  best 
course  he  could,  and  urged  the  support  of  public  schools  by  systematic 
rate  bills  and  tuition.  He  was  very  energetic,  and  issued  a  printeii  cir- 
cular, advertising  his  scbool.  specifying  the  branches  taught,  the  tuition 
required  and  asking  for  pupils  who  were  promised  unusual  advantages  in 
acquiring  a  higher  education  than  could  be  secured  at  the  ingigmficant 
subicription  schools  then  starling  into  life  throughout  the  township.  But 
there  were  three  serious  obstacles  in  the  way  of  the  success  of  the  enter- 
prise of  Mr.  Butterfleld  :  First — [l  cost  considerable  to  attend  his  scliool. 
Second — There  was  no  demand  for  advanced  education,  Third — The 
theories  of  Mr.  Butterfield  were  regarded  as  unusuut.  suspicious,  if  not  uu- 

i'uat,  The  result  was  that  the  school  was  a  failure,  and  Mr,  Butterfield 
eft  in  disgust  for  more  promising  fields.  Within  fifieeti  years  after  he 
left,  tho  very  system  he  had  advocated  became  the  most  popular  and  judi- 
otoos  plan  of  publ  ic  education  ever  established  up  to  that  time.  Tlie  com- 
mon school  svstem  of  to-day  is  the  child  of  this  advance.  This  school  of 
Mr.  Butterfie1d*3  was  taught  in  a  portion  of  the  "Monrovia  House,"  jet 
standing  and  in  use- 

The  first  schoolhouse  in  Monrovia  was  erected  about  I8f)8,  the  town 
children  before  that  going  eaat  and  west  to  the  district  achoolfl.  The  house 
built  was  an  ordinarv  frame  structure,  which  was  used  until  the  two-storied 
brick  budding  was  erected  about  four  years  ago.  The  house  is  2><x64 
feet,  has  four  rooms  in  which  four  teachers  are  necessary  to  instruct  tbe 
town  youth,  cost  about  ^,000,  and  is  a  credit  to  the  town,  which  surpaases 
any  other  in  the  county,  in  proportion  to  population,  in  activity  in  the 
eaiue  of  education.     The  school  is  thoroughly  graded,  and    competent  in- 

itractort  are  «mplored.  Soon  after  the  U*l  war.  ihe  citizeoa  of  Monrovia 
«nd  riciDitj  orKanised  A  Teachers'  loatitute.  vhich  U  stilt  in  existence. 
The  citiiens  BUMcribed  liberally  to  iiuppart  the  institute,  encoiimged  the 
valuable  course  of  iiutniotiOD  aai  drill  afforded  the  toaohers,  and  those 
citisens  who  were  competent  lectured  to  the  aaseinbWd  teacbera  on  qaea- 
tiona  of  education  and  school  goverDincnt.  En  view  of  the  difiicultr 
attending  ait  organisation  of  chiif  character — the  j^reat  expense,  the  nraalf* 
D«e8of  the  t«WD,  Mid  the  limited  nucaber  of  teachers  likelv  to  attend — 
the  enterprbe  hai  been  reinarknbly  prosperous,  the  influence  much  more 
widely  felt  than  was  thought  possible,  and  the  zeal  of  tcachcra  and  cit4- 
lens  in  the  cause  of  educution  places  the  little  toyrn  head  and  shoulders 
above  every  other  portion  of  the  countj.  Not  content  with  this  excellent 
showing,  the  teachers  and  citiiiens.  in  Matxh.  18H2,  organised  the  *'  Mon- 
rovia Normal  and  Hij^h  School  Asuficiation,"  every  pnb lie-spirited 
citiien  of  the  vicinity  subscribing  from  85  to  825  for  its  support.  This 
MeociatioQ  ia  yet  in  its  infancy,  yet  the  future  will,  no  doubt,  record  its 
important  achievements. 


It  in  likely  thai  the  first  rcUzioas  clasit  oreanized  in  Monroe  Town- 
ship waM  the  one  known  na  the  West  Union  M(>ettng  of  Friends,  which 
had  its  origin  late  in  the  twenties,  from  the  older  or  parent  olasa  of 
Friends  in  Brown  Township.  AmonLj  the  members  wore  George  Ru- 
bottom,  William  Johnson.  Aaron  LinAley.  Jerry  Hadley,  William  Allen, 
Ashley  Johnson,  Philip  Juhnson,  Eli  Townaend.  Jesso  Baldwin,  Jona- 
than Doao,  Sr.,  Jonathan  Doan,  Charlen  Allen,  Lot  Hadley.  Silas  Greg- 
ory and  others.  Their  frame  church  was  built  in  1832.  This  class  is 
yet  in  existence. 

Tlie  Methodist  class  at  Monrovia  wn.s  organized  soon  after  1S40,  by 
Rev.  11.  8.  Dane,  who  was  the  pivstor  for  a  number  of  years.  Some  of 
the  members  were  Edward  Lindlay.  Walker  CaveneM.  Isaac  Johnson, 
William  Mull.  Joel  0.  McCIellan.  C.  Margin.  D.  C.  Dian.  J^itnes  H. 
Willians.  William  Best,  A.  M.  Dilley.  J.  K.  Bait,  James  Hudson.  L.  B. 
Ijpwin  and  others.  The  pistor  io  1856  was  Rev.  J.  R.  Williams.  Their 
church  was  built  about  1850. 

The  Christian  Church  at  Monrovia  was  t-c^tnblbhed  in  the  Aixtiea. 
Among  the  loading  members  were  Jeremiah  Weltman,  Dr.  Reagan,  Jo- 
■eph  Allinoci  and  Robert  McCmoken. 

The  Methodist  Church  in  the  southeastern  part  of  the  township  was 
organised  about  18^6,  Bomc  of  the  curly  members  being  James  Demoaa, 
ThomiS  Qrisham,  Peter  Farmer,  Simon  Hadley,  William  Tanney,  Able 
Tansty.  Jease  Tansey,  William  Iloniadny  and  others.  Meetings  were 
often  held  at  the  houses  of  Thomas  Orishnm  and  James  Denioss.  After 
a  number  of  years,  'their  cbuKh  was  built.  The  Antiocb  Methodist 
Church  east  of  Monrovia  was  established  at  a  later  date.  Their  church  is 
worth  about  $700.     The  township  has  excellent  religious  advantages. 

One  of  the  things  of  which   the  citiiens  of  Monroe   Township  boost 
is  the  position   taken  by  the  older  reMidents   on  the  ijuestinn  of  slavery. 
The  anti-slavery  sentiment  came  to  the  county  with  that  noble  class  of 


180  aiffroBT  OP  moeqan  comnrr. 

Cbrtatian  poople,  the  Friends,  and  frooa  the  earliest  B«ttlemeat  uatil  sUr- 
9TJ  was  blotletl  nut  of  the  QAtion,  no  opportunity  wm  lost  to  strike  it  a 
blov.  Anti -alavery  societies  were  orj^nised  at  an  c»rly  daj.  and  publi<: 
measures  were  adopted  to  bring  the  enormity  of  the  "iuatitulion  " 
Kjuftroly  before  the  public  eye.  Tho  Frieade  posted  ibemflelvee  thoroughly 
OQ  the  qaestion  from  a  aocial.  moml  and  Biblical  HCatidpoint,  &nd  man* 
Kged  to  "worst"  tboae  of  BufEcient  courage  to  meet  thetD  in  public  de- 
bate. The  Underground  Railroad  wits  an  organization  to  a,^isl  runaway 
alavos,  cecnpingfrom  their  masters,  on  th^ir  way  to  Otinada.  The  Friends 
ererywhcre  were  promineDtlr  connected  wiih  this  route,  or  mutes,  rather, 
aa  hundreds  of  different  paths  ext«nded  from  the  Southern  States  to  the 
dominion  of  the  British  Queen.  The  procedure  was  a  violation  of  lh«' 
law  of  the  land,  hut  the  Friends  and  Abolitionists  knew  they  were  ricHt 
morally,  and  deliberately  disobeyed  iho  law.  The  routes  were  cijTed 
*' underground  "  because  ihov  were  urtually  obly  operated  at  nij^bi  to 
avoid  detection  and  pursuit.  blavcH  that  were  worth  from  8*>f)i)  lo  $1,200 
each  were  not  permitted  to  leave  their  msstera  without  an  efi'ort  being 
made  to  capture  them.  Klnodhounds  were  used,  and  every  other  tneasure 
to  secure  their  return.  The  Friends  constantly  thwnrted  tho  slave  catch- 
era.  A  slave  who  mode  up  hia  mind  to  run  away  would  ascertain  about 
the  ruute  to  bo  taken,  and  get  the  name  of  the  firxt  Frieiid  on  the  route, 
and  just  where  lua  n^iitcnce  could  be  found.  Then,  under  the  cover  of 
night,  with  his  little  buudle  of  clothes  on  bin  shoulder,  he  would  resolute> 
ly  turn  hia  fnce  northward,  and  make  for  the  first  station  on  his  way.  If 
tJiat  point  was  re:tched  about  morning,  the  agent  of  the  railroad  would 
feed  the  tired  traveler,  and  then  secrete  him  in  aome  safe  place  about  the 
premises  until  night  came,  when  horses  would  he  hitched  to  carriages  or 
wagons,  and  the  runaway  would  be  rapidly  driven  northward  ten  or  fif- 
teen miles  to  the  next  station,  tf  considerable  time  yet  remained  before 
monitug,  the  agent  of  the  second  station  would  hitch  up  aa  the  first  agent 
had  done,  and  convey  the  stare  to  the  third  atation.  and  ibe  first  agent 
would  return  home.  In  this  way,  after  the  lapse  of  many  weeks,  ofteo 
through  the  direst  dangers  of  pursuit,  the  slave  would  be  safely  landed 
io  Canada,  where  pursuit  would  end,  and  where  the  bunted  man  would 
draw  his  first  breath  of  freedom.  Two  or  three  routes  extended  across 
Morgan  County,  all  of  them  passing  through  Monroe  or  Brown  Town- 
ship. All  of  the  Quakers  were  ready  to  assist  runaway  slaves,  as  were 
miuiy  Abolitionists  who  were  not  Quakers,  but  only  a  few  men  in  the 
county  were  really  members  of  the  organization  called  *'  Undergionnd 
Riulrood."  The  leading  metabers  in  Monroe  Township  were  Jonathan 
Doan  and  his  sons  and  relatives.  They  were  known  to  lake  many  a  run- 
away to  some  point  in  Marion  or  Hendricks  County.  On  one  occasion, 
they  conveyed  a  load  of  five  slaves  northward.  They  oo  doubt  helped  off 
aoorM  of  them.  Kli  J.  H^omner,  of  Mooresville,  was  a  prominent  Aboli- 
tionist, but  he  did  not  belong  to  the  railroad,  though  he  did  not  hesitate 
an  ioataot  if  a  slave  cn.llcd  upon  him  for  assistance.  William  Bowles  was 
the  agent  at  Morgatitowu  ;  Mr.  Kclao  also.  Several  at  Marliasvillc 
affords  assistance,  though  none  there  were  members  of  the  organiaation. 
Many  now  claim  to  have  been  canneoted  with  the  roul  who  at  the  time 
were  either  neutral  or  inclined  to  capture  the  runaways  and  relarn  them 
to  tbar  masters  and  gee  the  large  reward. 





NO  otber  portion  of  Morgan  Coonty  U  surrounded  with  greater  his- 
torical interest  than  Wavcrly  »nd  vicinity.  H*r»  it  wm  tbst 
tlie  first  wttlemeni  in  the  oonnly  was  made  while  the  Indians  were  yet 
occupying  the  soil,  and  while  n.11  the  species  of  wild  nnimiils  of  thin 
latitude  yet  roamed  almotil  wholly  anraoleoteil  in  ihe  trackle^o  forent.  The 
"  New  Fiircha^e,"  of  which  Morgun  County  was  a  [>ftrl,  was  secured  from 
the  Indiana  by  the  treaty  of  St.  Mary's,  Ohio,  in  October,  1818;  but  by 
the  proviaiona  of  the  treaty,  the  natives  were  to  have  the  priTilego  of  re- 
aiding  upon  the  soil  and  of  hunting  thereon  until  1820.  The  land  could 
not  hv  fnnnally  thrown  upon  the  market  until  after  the  expiration  of  thia 
pnvilege  of  occupancy,  but  the  whites  could  cnier  the  territory,  select 
tbeir  fiuniM  and  improve  the  same,  and  ho  in  rtndiuesa  to  purchase  when 
th«  land  became  marketable.  This  was  done  in  Morgan  Conoty  to  a 
limited  extent. 


In  the  summer  of  1818.  before  the  landa  of  the  New  Purchase  had 
been  ceded  to  the  Government  by  the  Indians,  Jacob  Whetael,  brother 
to  the  famona  Indian  fighter.  Lewis  Wbotzcl.  and  an  Indian  Sghter  bim- 
•elf.  went  to  the  camp  of  the  Delaware  chief,  Anderson,  whose  principal 
village  waa  where  the  city  of  Anderson  now  atunds,  to  get  permission  to 
cut  a  trace  from  White  Water  River  in  the  eaatem  part  of  the  State  to 
the  BlaA*  on  White  Kiver,  the  object  being  to  secure  d  road  from  such 
caHem  point  to  the  Blufls,  the  remainder  of  the  way  to  Vincennes  to  be 
by  the  river.  Mr.  Whetzel  had  in  view  then  a  permanent  location  at  or 
near  Vinceunes.  Permission  was  granted  by  Anderson,  and  die  following 
autumn  Mr.  Whetiel,  accompanied  by  his  son  Cyras,  and  supplied  with 
the  neceaaar^jr  axes,  gnna,  provisions,  etc..  blaied  this  route  through  to  the 
Blnfls.  This  hlsEeu  road  thr/)iigh  the  wilderness  was  probnbly  the  6ret 
in  this  part  of  the  State,  and  became  a  fninous  highway  for  fam- 
iliM  seeking  homes  in  the  New  Purchase.  It  may  yet  he 
seen  in  some  plaoes.  and  is  still  known  as  "Whetzel's  fraoe." 
Mr.  Whetzel  was  so  pleased  with  ihe  BlufGi  and  the  surrounding  country 
that  he  resolved  to  go  no  farther  toward  Viiicennes  with  a  view  of  settle- 
nienl,  wbereapon  he  selected  a  piece  of  land  in  the  valley  of  White  River 
a  short  distance  north  of  the  present  residence  of  his  grandson-inlaw, 
Mr.  McKensic.  and  resolved  to  send  out  bis  son,  Cyrua,  the  following 
•pring  to  clev  a  small  tract  and  raise  a  crou.  fiarly  the  next  spring 
(Xfarch,  1819),  Jacob  and  his  son  Cyrus,  with  the  neoessary  seeds,  im- 
plementa    and    arms,    came   via  Whetzel's  Trace   to    the  Bluffs,  eatab- 


lUh«<l  with  stftkes  the  perminent  boiimlary  of  a.liout  nixlj  acre«  of  land 
just  bolow  Wiivorly,  aiiiL  &rter  erecting  a  rude  Io|{  cabin  the  father  weut 
bsirk  to  his  family,  l«aving  Crrus  to  cleitr  imniodiately  a  few  acres  for  a 
crop  of  corn,  wheat  and  vogetsblcs,  and  to  dcadcii  a  larger  tract  during 
the  dumtner.  The  second  night  af^r  the  father  had  gone,  a  heavy  snow 
fell,  and  CyruB  built  a  large  fire  to  dnve  off  the  wotvea  and  the  cold. 
During  the  niglu,  he  fell  something  creep  under  the  blanket  under  which 
h«  vu  aleaping,  but  was  too  uuconccrucd  lo  make  further  discoveries 
until  the  next  morning  when  h«  waa  sumewhat  surprised  to  learn  that 
bis  sleeping  companion  was  cone  other  than  a  huge  Delaware  Indian. 
Thin  discovery  waa  not  auBicienito  Acare  very  perceptibly  a  man  in  whose 
veins  ran  the  distinguished  blood  of  the  Whetzels.  Cyrus  was  but 
eighteen  years  of  age,  yet  he  felt  no  fear  in  the  wilderness,  though  sur- 
rounded with  wild  and  dangerous  animals,  and  with  the  acarctly  lets  vild 
and  dangerous  Indians. 


Gyrus  Whetsel,  a^usted  by  a  young  man  whose  name  is  no  longer 
Moollected,  and  who  came  out  soon  after  the  young  man  did,  cleared  off 
a  small  "truck  patch."  where  corn,  vegetables  and  a  nmall  quantity  of 
wheat  were  raised.  Ten  or  fifteen  acres  of  benvy  timber  were  alsm  dead- 
ened. The  following  autumn  the  family  c&me  out  to  stay  pernianently. 
Thia  settlement  mny  Justly  bo  diitod  from  tho  fill  of  1818,  one  year  be- 
fore the  family  came  out,  as  the  farm  was  then  selected  and  the  intention 
fully  matured  to  locate  thereon  permanently.  The  elder  Whetael,  Jacob, 
was  A  professional  hunter,  knew  but  little  of  farming,  and  practiced  lens, 
but  he  perhaps  never  bad  an  eonal  in  the  county  in  woo<leraft,  and  in 
experienoe  of  the  Indian.  Much  of  his  time  was  epcat  in  hunting  until 
l>t'27.  when  be  died,  He  manufactured  his  own  powder,  and  dressed 
almoet  altogether  in  buckskin.  Ho  did  some  coopering.  His  son  Cyrna 
inherited  the  Whetzel  constitution  and  sagacity,  and  in  his  younger  years 
gained  an  extensive  acquaintance  with  tlie  Indian  character.  He  soon 
married  and  became  one  of  the  foremost  men  of  the  county.  He  afkor- 
ward  represeiitod  tho  county  iu  the  LegisEatarc.  He  was  brave  enough 
anil  far^tx^ing  unnugli  ti  loik  beyond  the  'Uy  in  wliich  If!  lived,  and  to 
take  the  advanced  and  nobler,  liberal  position  of  to-day  on  the  subject  of. 
religion.  He  died  in  1876,  full  of  years,  respected  bv  all  true  men.  and 
lies  buried  near  the  residence  of  his  son-in-law,  Mr.  McKenzie. 

At  a  very  early  date,  a  number  of  Delaware  CodiMU  stmn  to  the 
cabin  of  Jacob  Whetzel,  and  a  big  brave  named  '*  !Yosey"  (part  of  bis 
nose  had  been  cut  off,  and  hence  the  name)  bantered  Cyron  to  shoot  at  a 
mark.  The  challenge  wag  accepted,  but  Cyrus  proved  to  be  the  better 
marksman.  Thig  threw  Nosey,  who  possessed  a  violent  temper,  into  a 
furiuua  rage,  but  hia  fgpr  of  the  stalwart  and  courageous  young  man  pre- 
vented any  serious  riiHuhs  to  the  latter.  The  party  9«on  left,  but  one  of 
them,  who  dared  to  taunt  the  Indian  with  his  defeat,  was  instantly  killed 
by  the  still  enraged  savage.  The  latter  was  given  one  vear,  aceording  to 
castom,  to  redeem  bis  life  by  furnishing  100  deer  skins  to  the  murdered 



nuui't  relfttivea.     This  oouM  easily  have  been  done,  but  no  effort  was 
made,  ami  Nooey  was  acei>rditi|i;ly  put  to  death  by  torture. 

Mr.  Whetzel  on«  dny  lo:ined  n.  Delaware  h»  "gig"  tn  spear  ftsh, 
and  when  it  waa  rctuntcd  oue  of  the  prongs  was  gone,  the  Indian  etatiu^ 
tbat  be  bad  broken  it  off  in  a  log.  A.  few  days  later,  Mr.  Wbelzel 
came  upon  the  same  Indian  on  the  rirer  wh«rc  he  had  spcar«d  a  wagOD 
IomI  of  the  finest  deh.  with  a  gig  made  from  the  hnilcen  prong,  which  had 
btiD  driTen  into  the  end  of  a  tough  dlender  pole.  This  Indian  was  en- 
gaged  in  drying  the  G:sh.  lie  was  so  expert  that  he  could  strike  n  fish 
eight  or  ten  yard*  away-  Many  years  ago,  the  Whei8cl3di»«oTcrod  about 
a  half  buEihol  of  bnlleta  of  all  aizea  from  a  shot  to  a  liairounce  ball  on 
the  bottom  near  Waverly.  They  had  been  scattered  out  over  several 
rods,  by  the  action  of  the  water  no  doobt,  but  how  they  c&nie  there  is  a 
myti«ry  yet  to  be  solved. 

Tfae  name  of  the  second  settler  in  Harrison  Township  is  not  certain- 
ly known.  Anions  those  who  came  in  soon  after  the  VVhetzels  were 
CbriBtopher  Ladd,  Jettse  Tult,  Benjamin  Milla,  David  E.  Alien,  K<inry 
Rout  (who  remained  but  a<thnrl  time),  John  Paul.  John  Hamilton,  Thomaa 
Ingles,  Qeor^e  Powell.  Joseph  Bennett.  Thoma«  tiardner.  William  Good- 
win, .Tames  Buroh,  Robert  C.  SiotI,  Bnrlow  Aldridge.  Joseph  FrBte«. 
William  Ettcr  and  many  utliera  whose  ilatti  of  ^ottlemoiit  cannot  be  oer- 
uinly  fixed.  The  following  list  of  men  paid  poll  tax  in  Harrison  Town- 
ship in  1842,  the  list  being  given  here  to  preserve  the  names  of  as  many 
of  the  early  residents  as  pofwible.  .A.  Tow  of  the  men  never  resided  in  the 
township;  Barlow  Aldnd};v,  J.  D.  Broiuwell,  J.  F.  Brent«n,  James 
Burris.  Joseph  Bronton,  Joseph  Baker,  James  Duko.  J.  W.  Daris, 
DixoD  Dee,  Daniel  Ettor.  C'ornolius  Free.  J.  ti.  A.  Frydinghirc,  Gcurgo 
Haalett,  Elijah  Henderson,  John  Harrow.  Benjamin  Harrold,  William 
Uarrold,  Benjamin  Holland.  Abner  Uightour,  G.  Kerahner,  Uicbard 
Des,  J.  M.  Laoghlin,  J.  A.  Laughtin,  I^ewiit  Loach,  J.  S.  Leach.  Alan* 
■oa  Lowia,  Benjamin  MilU.  Alien  McLnin.  Thumas  Mitchell.  G.  J.  Mills, 
Daniel  Newkirk.  J.  H.  B.  Nowland,  J.  M.  Norton,  George  Powell,  W. 
I'rescot.  Aaron  Prescot.  Jason  Rust,  David  Itust,  Frederick  Swartz, 
Georgo  Smith.  Robert  Smith.  John  Stephenson.  I.  W.  Tacket,  William 
Toll,  Dmry  Trusty,  Cyrus  Whetwl  ana  Jeene  Wharton. 

The  Blalfs  were  known  before  there  waa  a  solitary  settler  in  the  county. 
Frenchmen  from  Vinceiines  and  vicinity  had  come  up  the  river  before  the 
war  of  1812;  and  if  tradition  is  correct  had  established  temporary  trad- 
ing stations  with  the  Delaware  Indiana,  who  then  occupied  the  country, 
Various  adventurers  and  speculators  had  visitei]  the  spot,  and  tt  became 
called  The  Bluffs.  It  is  likely  that  Chri»tophcr  Lndd  was  the  fimt  white 
settler  at  the  point.  He  lociitt'd  there  either  in  1810  or  early  in  1820. 
He  it  was  who  claimed  ihe  location  of  the  capital  of  the  State  at  the 
Blnfi.  Several  of  the  Commissioners  appointed  by  the  Legislature  to 
permanently  fix  the  capital  voied  in  favor  of  the  Bluffs.  Mr.  Ladd  be- 
gan keeping  tavern  there  before   the  county  was  organized,  and  was  the 



first  man  in  the  cnunty  to  take  out  the  neccKiarv  license  to  keep  tavern 
autl  sell  liquor.  The  corpse  of  a  oiun  wus  ruuDd  on  the  rirer  bottom 
nrar  his  house,  and  Mr.  Ladd  was  arrealed  and  tried  for  the  murder,  bat 
not  a  Kbadon  of  substantial  uvidenco  was  found  against  him.  He  «u 
acquitted,  and  bis  lack  of  means  only  prevented  bim  from  prosecuting  his 
defamers.  ae  ihej  no  doubt  deserved.  Thia  waa  the  first  noteworthj  trial 
of  the  count?.  Cyrus  Whetiel  and  Mr.  Ladd  were  intimate  friendH.  and 
the  former  always  inaisted  on  the  Intttr'a  inuocoucc.  Mr.  Wbetzcl  alw&yt 
Btupected  an  Indian,  who,  after  the  murder,  was  found  in  possesaioti  of  a 
borae  and  saddle,  a  bUck  silk  handkerchief,  a  red  morocco  pocket-book, 
etc.,  of  which  he  fuilnd  to  give  a  natisfactory  account.  No  doubt  the 
murdered  man  had  come  out  to  buy  land,  and  falling  in  with  the  Indian 
waa  foully  murdered  for  his  effects. 

The  town  w«3  surveyed  and  platted  before  the  county  wa«  organized, 
James  Borland  being  the  aurvt-vor.  It  wm  laid  out  about  the  middle  of 
September.  1821,  on  the  north  half  of  the  southeast  quarter  of  Section 
IS,  Township  18  north.  Range  2  eajit,  in  the  Hrookvtile  Land  District. 
FortT-three  tola  were  laid  out  on  the  bluffs  of  White  River.  Thomas 
Lee  was  the  proprietor. 

The  Blulid,  or  Port  Royal,  as  it  became  enlled  nflorward,  nttractcd 
settlers  early.  Ladd  waa  the  fimt.  Robert  Bradfthnw  was  probably  the 
second.  Daniel  Allen  was  about  the  third.  He  was  the  first  tailor.  Ue 
sold  liquor  in  1827  and  merchandise  in  TlS28.  Bradshaw  sold  liquor  in 
1826.  Ladd's  tavern  was  r  great  rendezvous  for  thwie  who  loved  the 
flowiDgbowl.  It  was  a  great  plcuaurc  for  tlio  early  settlers  at  Port  Royal 
to  ntner  round  his  blazing  bar  room  fire  when  the  nights  were  icy  cold 
anathc  bitter  wind  dashed  the  falling  snow  in  eddies  around  the  old  log 
tavern,  to  listen  to  the  storiea  of  the  travelers  who  stopped  there  for  reat, 
It  became  a  famous  place.  The  early  members  of  the  Legislature  from 
the  southern  part  of  the  State  would  make  Ladd's  tavern  their  last  stop- 

Sing  place  before  reaching  the  capital  and  the  first  place  nllcr  leaving  it. 
In.  Ladd  was  a  gonial,  hospitable  woman,  u  good  conversationalist,  and 
a  woman  who  could  not  be  excelled  in  the  manufacture  of  good  tea  and 
coffee.  Her  guMla  discovered  this  latter  fact,  and  ti  word  of  praise  was 
suSoient  to  insure  a  beverage  rarely  found  in  the  backwoods.  On  one 
occasion,  her  supply  failed  so  nearly  that  she  waa  obliged  to  mix  tea  and 
coffee  ao  o  last  desperate  resort.  A  traveler  sipped  the  steaming  bever- 
age, raised  his  eyebrows,  curled  up  the  corners  of  his  mouth  in  a  Haga- 
cioos  smile,  and  speaking  to  bis  hostess,  said,  "  Mrs.  Ladd,  if  thia  is  tea 
bring  me  coffee,  and  if  it's  coffee  bring  mo  tea."  The  good  I&dy  waa 
obliged  to  explain  the  situation,  which  sutisfied  the  polite  traveler,  who 
resumed  his  meal. 

The  Blairs,  the  Payions,  the  Hollands,  the  Wheatleya,  the  Davisee, 
the  Armstrongs,  the  Balls,  the  Beattya  and  ntliern  were  among  the  early 
residents  of  Port  Royal.  Ladd  sold  the  first  merchandise  in  abeut  the 
year  1H23.  His  *tock  was  insiunificHnt,  but  wiw  kept  to  accommodate  a 
few  of  the  resident*.  Robert  Stafford.  Peter  Ucnnison,  Hugh  Endsloy, 
William  Agness  and  Henry  Riddle  were  in  bu.^iness  early.  Bradshaw 
sold  calicoes,  etc.,  about  1S27.  John  Wheatley  was  probably  the  first 
blacksmith.     David  Alien  had  a  few  hundred  dollars'  worth  of  goods  late 



in  the  twcatiM.  Ltice  &  AUea  opcac<l  the  first  goods  »t<ir«  in  1832. 
Tbeir  «tock  waa  vorth  more  tliau  81.000.  M.  C.  Rust  8o1(l  liquor  in 
18S'2  and  grocorira  in  1833.  C.  U.  Hftye«  ^  Co-  l>egan  selling  from  & 
Urge  genenl  stock  late  in  I8!I2.  Ajreti  &  Pinney  were  the  leaiiiiig  mer- 
dkuit*  in  1838  ;  the;  trere  the  snccessors  of  Luce  &  Ajres.  About  this 
tim«.  the  town  wis  at  the  zenith  of  its  prosperity,  and  contained  a  popu- 
Ution  of  about  lAO.  CyniB  WhctBc!  took  oat  a  gToc«ry  license  in  1834, 
McCarty  k  Williams,  H.  Saunilers.  V>.  Rust  were  other  merchants  late 
in  the  thirties.  The  town  began  to  die  about  1)J4U.  Nothing  la  left  of 
it  oow. 


This  little  village  started  up  when  the  canal  was  being  constructed, 
aboat  1837.  J.  II.  B.  Nowtnnd,  now  n  resident  of  Indianapolis,  the 
•other  of  one  or  more  interesting  volumes  on  the  early  settlement  of  this 
part  of  the  State,  opened  the  first  store  of  consequence  on  the  "  Island," 
in  about  1838.  A  number  of  "  shnnlies  "  had  been  erected  before  for  the 
■ocommodalion  of  the  canal  workmen,  in  one  or  mare  of  which  provisions 
were  kept  to  supply  the  tables.  Mr.  McLain  was  a  superintendent.  The 
6rsi  storebouee  wae  built  by  Cornelius  Free.  Hrown  and  KobinHon  each 
owned  a  tavern.  Various  rude  dwellings  Hoon  went  up,  and  the  t'>wn 
began  to  2*^*-  ^l**-  Brannon  realty  sold  the  first  goods.  The  canal 
men  made  it  lively  of  nights  at  the  bbIoods.  Cornelius  Free  was  the 
centra)  figure  from  the  start.  He  built  a  large  gnat  mill  in  1837,  four 
itorin  and  a  half  high,  with  four  or  ftve  runs  ofbuhrs.  This  mill  was 
one  of  the  finest  ever  in  this  part  of  the  State,  was  the  life  of  Wurerly,  and 
received  a  patronage  over  a  radium  of  forty  miles.  Attnched  to  it  was  a 
nan  mill  and  a  wouk-n  factory,  whore  carding  only  wa^  dont.-  at  first,  but 
later  npinningand  weaving.  An  attachment  for  kiln-drying  corn  was  soon 
added,  and  the  united  enterprises  received  an  enormous  patronage.  Mrs. 
McKiniie  Mid  she  had  seen  more  than  a  hundred  teams  stand  waiting 
their  turn  to  be  waited  upon.  The  corn  was  ground  in  the  mill,  then 
kdn-dtied,  then  ahipped  by  boat  to  Southern  mnrkets.  Benjamin  Sweet, 
of  Martinavillct  was  the  leEtdiog  carpenter  who  built  the  bl^  mill.  The 
water  which  operated  these  indusiries  wbj  from  the  canal  feeder,  and  was 

fiurcUased  of  the  State  by  Mr.  Free.  After  a  few  years,  Jacob  Gorman 
eased  the  mill,  and  Iste  in  the  forties  the  property  was  sold  to  John 
Carlisle.  Samuel  Moore  and  J.  S-  Kellcy,  of  Mooresville,  packed  a  con- 
siderable pork  at  Waverly.  shipping  the  same  by  flat-boat  duwo  White 
Rirer.  l)r.  Paris  was  an  early  physician.  Dr.  Overstreet  was  his  part- 
ner. They  owned  an  apothecary's  shop,  the  ancestor  of  the  modf>rn  dnig 
store.  The  Breecee,  the  Kerabners,  the  Swopes,  the  McLains,  the  Now- 
lands,  the  Wishards,  the  Stevensons  and  others  were  iimong  the  leading 
residenia  in  the  thinies.  A  Polandcr  named  Frvdincshire  packed  pork 
at  Waverly.  McLain  conducted  a  big  saw  mill,  and  shipped  consider- 
able latnher  down  the  river.  Howe  afterwurd  conducted  this  mill. 
Among  the  merchants  of  the  forties  were  McLain.  Holes,  Jones.  Nowlend, 
Frank  snd  Washington  I^anders,  John  Huntsinger.  Abe  Brenemen. 
Uarasnim  owned  a  cooper  shop ;  Uarrah  and  Ree««,  carpenter  shops, 
snd  John  Oleason,  a  cabinet  shop.  Dr.  White  practiced  medicine.  It  is 
said  that  James  Harris  opened  the  first   carpenter  shop  in  Waverly,  and 


•  ouo  named  Robinson  the  first  wagon  9hop.  This  was  about  the  j«ar 
1887.  Wftverlv  wns  Uid  out  »nd  recorded  in  1811,  by  M.  H.  Brown, 
0.  Q.  Kcrshner  mid  D.  W.  Howe,  owncrsi  and  proprietors.  Fifty-five 
lots  were  laid  out  on  the  «outheast  side  of  the  Central  Canal,  and  a  Iarg« 
lot  -was  left  for  n  public  square.  The  principal  street — the  one  extending 
northeast. and  soathwest — was  Main  street. 


Merchants  since  1850  have  been,  tioiong  others.  Landers  Brothers,  J, 
L.  Knox,  Feter  Baxter,  Ezra  Allman,  James  Griegs  &  Sod.  John  Cook, 
TbomM  ilusscy,  Ctinnon.  Smith  &  Dunn,  A.  J.  Tarleton,  John  Graves, 
W.  W.  Donnao,  Howe  k  Etter,  F.  M.  Fields  at  present,  G.  Scmf^gs,  Eli 
Paddock  at  present,  Jacob  Duncan  k*c  8on  iit  present,  and  Vincent  & 
Diikra  at  present,  Tho  greatest  population  of  VVaverly  has  been  about 
250.  Carpentcra,  biackamilhs,  coopers,  wagon- makers,  etc-,  etc.,  have 
come  and  goue  like  anendleeschaiu.     The  present  population  is  about  150. 

Several  terms  of  school  were  taught  in  Port  Royal  quite  early  in  the 
twenties  in  an  nid  Ing  cabin,  or  rather  in  several  old  log  cabins.  The 
aames  of  the  teachers  cannot  b«  given.  A  !«ohoolhoue«  was  built  near 
the  town  about  1829.  where  the  town  children  attended  as  long  as  there 
were  town  children  to  go,  which  was  until  about  liS40.  Schools  were 
first  held  in  Waverly  about  1842.  The  few  children,  however,  usually 
went  south  to  the  country  schoolhouse  which  stood  southwest  of  town  on 
Mr.  McKenzie's  farm.  This  hnune  wa.4  n^ed  many  yenrs,  or  until  the 
present  one  waa  erected,  about  IS.'iO,  This  building,  though  over  thirty 
years  have  elapsed  since  it  was  built,  is  in  a  fine  stale  of  preservation, 
and,  owing  to  the  fresh  coat  of  paint,  looks  like  a  now  house.  In  Sep- 
tember,  1826,  there  was  formed  at  Port  Royal  a  "  L'nlon  Society  for  the 
Encouragement  of  Learning  and  Religion,"  at  the  head  of  which  were 
Danial  Boaz  and  Henry  Brown,  of  Johnson  County,  and  David  Allea 
and  others  of  Port  Royal  and  vicinity.  This  society  furnished  excellent 
schools  for  that  day.  employed  competent  lenchera.  and  the  town  soon 
acquired  quite  a  repatatioM  for  its  advancement  in  learning  and  raoraU. 
The  enterprise  died  out  in  the  thirties. 


No  doubt  the  first  t-kss  in  the  township  was  established  at  Port  Royal. 
Late  in  the  twentie.^,  the  Methodists  formud  a  small  cliis^  there.  Scarcely 
anything  is  known  of  tho  class,  as  it  soon  died.  Un  1840.  iho  Methodists 
formed  a  class  on  Section  30.  Harrison  Township,  and  soon  after  were  the 
owners  of  a  small  church.  Among  (he  members  were  the  families  of  John 
Taylor,  of  Johnson  County.  Thomas  Mitchell,  Jacob  L.  Broraweli.  James 
Epperson.  Henry  Rrenton.  Gideon  Drake  anrl  others.  Land  for  the 
church  was  furntshed  by  Mr.  BrumwcH.  Rev.  ZeloLe  S.  Clifford  wim  tho 
piistor  in  1S40.  Thi^  was  called  the  Shiloli  Church.  The  Trustees  in 
ISlli  were  James  Epperson,  Gideon  Dnikc,  William  Robe,  L«wis  W,  St. 
John  and  Josiah  Drake,  This  nnciety  flourished  for  many  years.  Early 
in  the  forties,  the  Presbyterians  formed  a  small  class  at  Waverly.     They 


met  to  worship  in  residences  »nd  in  the  saw  tnill  of  Mr.  Free.  Here  it 
wu  that  Ilenrj  Ward  Bwcher  preached  several  consecutive  da^s.  His 
auditors  sat  on  rude  plaak  benchef  around  bim.  and  the  since  famous 
minister  so  stirred  them  up  with  hiti  elotiiience  thnt  his  sermons  are  j?et 
distioctl;  remembered  b;  many.  The  Methodists  had  a  DomiDul  orgiuii- 
tation  at  Waverlj  in  about  1840,  aud  soon  afterward  a  Biaall  cla^s  was 
partially  orgaDised  by  Uev.  lUmmoad.  About  1857,  the  class  had  be- 
eoa«  strong  enough  to  build  a  church,  which  the  members  proceeded  to 
^  getting  a  large  subscription  from  other  denominations  and  from  out< 
fliilerv.  with  the  undersundin^;  th«t  (he  building  should  be  open  to  all 
ChrUtian  denominations  find  to  all  moml  public  lectures.  The  building 
was  erected,  but  after  a  number  of  /tnra  the  MethodiHta  look  sbaolule 
pOMOoaion  and  control  of  the  house,  and  refused  to  allow  other  denomins- 
riotw  OT  lectarers  to  use  it  without  the  Arbitrary  consent  of  their  Trustees. 
How  strange  it  is  that  so  many  Cbrtatian  denomin»tion9.  after  solemnly 
dedicating  a  church  to  the  service  of  God,  cnn  piously  turn  around  with 
a  prayer  on  their  lips  and  fraudulently  obtain  absolute  posdcssion  of  the 
building  which  is  at  leaat  partially  owned  by  others.  Christians  do  not 
a^  thns.  Among  the  early  Methodists  were  John  Gravea,  Barlow  Al- 
dridge.  Aaron  T.  Wiley.  William  J.  Knox.  George  Kinker,  Robert  P. 
Gray.  E.  A.  Allman,  Cyrus  Ktter,  Juinrs  Grigga  and  their  families.  Cv- 
nu  Whtrtxi-l  paid  liberally  toward  the  cuntttructiuii  of  the  Fccplt-'a  Omron. 
M.  W.  Breuton  was  pustor  in  IH^d.  Thii^  church  was  really  a  braaeh 
of  tb«  Shiloh  and  Mount  Olive  organiKations. 



IT  is  not  certainly  known  who  was  the  Brat  permiinent  settler  in  Ray 
TownRhip.  Neither  is  the  exact  time  af  the  first  settlement  known. 
A  aettlemeni  was  made  in  the  western  pnrt  of  the  township  on  Butler 
Creek  in  IS^l  certainty,  and  probably  in  \H'20.  The  settlement  of  Owen 
Coonty  had  an  earlier  date  than  that  of  Morgan  County,  and  Goaport  was 
ooe  of  the  oldest  points.  EphraJm  GoaH,  St..  had  located  there  as  eurlji\ 
probably,  as  181K,  andothers  had  selected  farms  near  him.  Then  down  the 
river  were  seTeral  other  sRttlementn,  eKpecially  in  the  vicinity  of  Spencer, 
where  several  eeoree  of  families  )ia<l  established  tbemselvcs.  Before  thero 
was  a  white  family  in  Morgan  Cuuiity.  and  even  before  the  purchaue  of 
the  soil  from  the  Indians,  the  c<iuntry  had  been  risited  by  numerous 
hooM  seekers  from  the  older  localities  down  the  river  and  elsewhere. 
Then,  as  soon  as  the  purchase  became  known,  the  territory  was  invaded 
by  prospective  pioneers  and  speculators.  As  early  probsbly  as  l!^2i),  and 
oertainty  aa  earlr  as  1821,  several  lamilica  lutubliahi'd  tltemselvcs,  as 
above  staled,  on  llutler  Creek,  about  a  mile  north  of  the  river  and  near 
the  western  boundary  of  the  coonty.  This,  so  far  aa  can  be  learned,  was 
the  fint  settlement  in   Ray  Township.     There  is  a  tradition  to  the  effect 



that  8ev«n1  years  before  this  colony  wu  forined,  a  profemional  huater 
and  his  family  bad  lived  a  y«ar  or  more  on  the  banks  of  this  cnek.  One 
thing  in  certain.  Af^er  the  settlement  had  been  formed,  and  even  after 
several  years  had  elapsed  and  other  portioai  of  the  township  had  [>er- 
manenc  families,  lh»  remains  of  an  old  cabin  and  other  evideacea  of  human 
•ooeupancy  were  still  plainly  diftceroiblo  on  tbe  crock.  Som«  have  stated 
that  the  name  of  this  family  wiui  Batlor,  natl  that  the  creek  received  its 
christeninj;  from  that  circumstance ;  but  the  better  opinion  seems  to  he 
that  the  stream  took  its  name  from  a  Mr.  Butler  who  lived  thereon  across 
the  line  in  Owen  County  at  a  very  early  date.  The  families  of  James 
McKiriney.  Solomon  Tucker  and  Thomas  TKompsou  were,  so  far  as  is 
now  known,  the  first  to  locate  permanently  in  what  is  now  Kny  Town- 
ship, The  three  famJliea,  no  doubt,  moved  there  in  1820,  and  the  follow- 
ing year,  when  the  land  was  thrown  into  market,  each  entered  a  tract  of 
land  where  hia  lo^  cabin  had  been  previously  built.  The  old  settler, 
Philip  Hodges,  thinks  theso  families  were  the  fir^t  in  the  township,  but 
which  wa<i  Grat,  or  whether  cither  was  first,  he  does  not  oertaiuly  know. 
He  did  not  more  to  the  towni^hlp  until  1824,  but  he  had  paasea  up  the 
river  on  more  than  one  occasion  on  a  tour  of  inspection  a  year  or  two 
before  the  land  was  thrown  into  market,  and  possibly  before  the  New 
Purchase  had  been  secured  by  treaty  with  the  Indians  in  October,  1818. 
When  ho  first  became  aware  of  the  presence  of  these  families  in  the  towa- 
sbip,  he  no  lon|;cr  recollects. 

The  first  tract  of  land  entered  wafl  the  east  half  of  the  south  west  quarter 
of  Section  22,  on  the  ItJth  of  February,  1H21,  by  Abner  Alexander.  The 
second  was  tbo  west  half  of  the  northwest  quarter  of  Section  27,  on  tht 
29lh  of  May,  1821,  by  Solomon  Tucker.  The  third  was  the  northeast 
quarter  of  Section  23,  on  the  9tb  of  March.  1821,  by  William  Anderson. 
The  fourth  woe  the  west  half  of  the  southwest  quarter  of  Section  22.  on 
the  20th  of  July.  1S21.  bv  Daniel  Qms.  The  fifth  was  the  east  half  of 
the  northwest  quarter  of  Section  27,  on  the  27th  of  July,  1821,  by  James 
McICinncy.  The  sixth  was  the  west  half  of  the  southwest  quarter,  on  tlie 
4tb  of  .August,  1821,  by  Thomas  Thompson.  A  few  other  entries  were 
made  in  1821.  by  Wiley  Williams,  Joseph  Ribblt*,  David  Fain  in  the 
eastern  part,  and  Philip  Elodges  on  Section  14.  Fred  Buckhart  bought 
land  on  Section  H  in  1.S22.  and  Epiiraim  Ooss,  Jr..  on  Sections  2  and  83, 
in  182;).  Solomon  Watson  and  Scott  Young  bought  land  in  the  north- 
western part  in  1823.  Joshua  Crow  bonght  on  Section  27  in  1823. 
Philip  Hodge«  and  Charles  D.  Soaton  bought  on  Section  3  in  1824.  Vor- 
daman  Fletcher  purchased  a  tract  on  Section  13  the  same  year.  Jacob 
Johns  and  Benjamin  Freeland  hought  on  Section  34,  iti  1824,  and  Fred 
Stigerwalt.  Thomas  Sandy  and  William  Asher  an  Section  S.'V  the  same 
year,  William  Thompson,  .Abraham  Lafaver,  John  Thompson,  Leti 
Walter,  Levi  Whiiakor.  Elijah  Bowon.  Richard  Fletcher.  Joseph  Rhodes. 
John  Vickery,  John  Berry,  Amos  Meyers,  Etisha  Boyd,  Henry  Katts 
entered  laud  in  the  townnhip  later  in  the  twenties.  Among  the  entries  in 
the  thirties  were  the  Whilaker^,  JetTerson  Farr,  William  Deal,  Abe  Riley, 
James  Johnson,  William  Voshels,  P.  Howell,  Samuel  Fletcher,  Presley 
Asher,  William  Guy,  Peter  Ester.  Joseph  Yount,  Jacob  Boaman.  Dabney 
Miller,  Joel  Ehotl,  Anderson  Poseley.  John  and  Willinm  Duckworth,  J. 
S.  JobaaoD,  Elijah  Duckworth,  William  Adkins  and  others. 

The  first  ooIotiT  in  the  toTnxhip   then   wna  on  Better   Creek.     The 
Meoiui  wu  in  the  northwest  comer  founded  bj  Ephraim  Goss,  Jr.,  vbo 
•Qfivndatnct  of  land  ihere  in  Januarr.  ^$)X.  and   the   roliowing  sprine 
eui«  oata&d  btiilt  a  log  cabin,  into  which  he  inoT»d  his  familT.     He  had 
tearcelT  become  establubed  before  he  waa  joiQed  bv  Solomon  \t  ataon,  Leri 
Wal(«n,  Vordatnan  tletcher,  Ike  Fletcher,  Abe  Flet^er,  Philip  Uodoea 
and  olben.     Mr.  tIo<lgEa  came  to  reside  in  the  townahip  in   lo24.     He 
came  up  th^HTer  with  a  yokeof  oxf^n.  but  no  wagon,  in  1824.  to  the  land 
he  bad  juAt  entered  on  Section  3.     He  tniEnediatcl;  went  to  work  cutting 
down  trees,  cutting  out  loga  and  hauling  them  with  the  oxen  to  the  spot 
•elected  for  hin  cabin.     All  tbta  waa  done  in  one  daj.     The  next  dar  Mr. 
Hodge«  was  aaaiated  \ty  Levi  Walters.  John  Asher,  John   Hatlow   and 
ochen,  who  helped  him  erect  the  hewed-log  cabin,  his  firat  home  in  Mor- 
•H  County.     The  building  was  one  of  the   tvpieal   sort,  with  puncheon 
loor*  clapboard  roof  and  door,  and  the  iiidiapeus&blfl  firv-ploce.     Alt   this 
woric  was  done  in  one  day.    Soon  after  this,  the  family,  then  consiating  of 
the  mother  and  twochildren,  were  moved  into  this  backwoods  hotne;  here 
the  family  lived  for  many  years.     Mr.  Hi>dges  bought   the  first    tract  of 
land  in  the  Kew  Puroliaae.     It  waa  on  the  6r»t  day  of  the  pablie  sale  of 
land  at  Terre  Uaut«  on  the  4th  of  September,  1820.     Col.  John  Vawter 
waa  the  "crier"  of  the  sale.     Mr.    I  lodges  bid  in  at  the  Govemoienl 
price  of  $1.25  per  acre   in    Township    11   north.    Range  1    east,    now 
in  Washington   Tovtisbip,  about  two  miles  eaat  of  Martinsville,  the  west 
half  of  the  northwest  quarter  of  Section  1,  and  the  east  half  of  the  north- 
east  quarter  of  Section  2,   the  two  lots  aggregatiog  151.45  acree.     Im- 
mediately after  the  hammer  fell,  the  crier  said    to  Mr.  Hodges :  "  Too 
■re  the  first    freeholder  in   the  &*ew    Purchase."      This    fact   was   not 
CfaoBgbt  as  much  of  then  as  It  is  now. 

POLL  TAX   PATERS  OF   1842.* 

Hiram  Alexander,  Tobias  Butler.  Wiliinm  Deal,  Elijah  Eaton,  James 
Farr.  Jefferson  Farr,  Ephraim  Goss.  Ilowkiah  Guy,  Isham  Guy.  Philip 
Hodgen.  Jamen  Johnji^n,  Amos  Mvont,  Enoch  Myen.  :^i>IomoQ  Mvera, 
James  MeGinnis,  Cyrun  Marsh,  Thomaa  McGinnis,  James  D.  Newton. 
Bartholomew  Pearson,  Caleb  SlirewsU,  Adam  Stirewatt,  Elijah  Waiters, 
John  Worthen,  William  Worthen,  Levi  Whitaker,  Jr.,  G.  B.  Whiuker, 
Soott  W.  Young.  This  is  not  a  complete  list,  but  is  the  heat  that  can  be 


The  settlement  and  improremeni  of  the  township  waa  alow  but  sure. 
A  good  industrious  dasa  of  people  came  in  largely  from  the  Southern 
8tate»,  many  of  whom  lefl  there,  as  they  did  not  care  to  rear  their  ftaai- 
lies  where  slavery  waa  regarded  as  a  "divine  institution."  The  free 
Btkiee  settling  upon  thn  north  eide  of  the  Ohio  River  wu  the  point  of 
Utraetion,  and  the  southern  half  of  Indiana  and  Illinois  received  large 
aaeeMions  to  the  pioneers.  Many  species  of  wild  animals  infested  the 
(bnali  of  Ray  Township,  even  for  several  yearn  after  the  first  settleineot. 
Deer,  especially,  were  very  nameroun;  scores  were  often  seen  in  one 

■TlMlWo(taiM]rM»n>T  IMti*tiT«Dturailfi»Tj«rtoprM«r>«.  ■*  (ki  u  puulbtn.  Uia  iialMi«fl|M 
iiiri  iwHltif"     n«Nl»(Mi«Mi(lafta*Uxpa;««i*ulUrUiu  iwt 


hard,  and  Almost  erery  i»bin  had  venison  eleak  at  alt  meals.  Corn  Sread. 
venison,  fat  pork,  wild  honey  or  ample  ninip  or  sugar,  wild  turkeys, 
potatoes.  putnpVius  nnd  wild  fruite  constituted  ttie  principal  pioneer  diet. 
OccFuiionully  light  wheat  bread  could  bo  had,  but  this  was  a  delicacy  not 
the  oomnionest.  Ephraim  Goes.  Jr., was  one  of  tlie  most  aucceeaful  hunt- 
ers in  the  townnbip.  Hb  ancle,  Epbraim.  3r..  who  lived  in  Owen 
County,  waa  a  famous  hunter,  and  on  more  than  oneoccaaioii  killed  beitrs. 
The  nephew  had  learned  much  of  the  chns«  from  the  uncle,  and  finally 
became  almost  ad  skillful.  If  he  killed  any  eamv  lareer  than  deer  in 
Ray  Township,  such  fact  ta  not  now  known.  Philip  Hodgen  relates  the 
following  iticident  of  Mr.  Goss  :  One  smaod,  during  a  period  of  several 
weeks,  ine  wolves  had  b«n  very  troubleaome.  At  times  they  would  veni- 
uro  so  close  to  the  cabin  or  the  stable  ss  to  eodanger  the  swine,  fowU, 
calvea  and  aheep,  and  all  these  domestic  animals  had  to  be  carufully 
watched  during  the  day,  and  penned  securely  up  in  high  substantial  in- 
cloFturen  at  night.  This  cauiivd  a  great  deal  of  trouble,  which  Mr.  GofS 
concluded,  if  possible,  to  terminate.  Uesetected  apoint  where  the  ftoUes 
would  be  likely  to  pass,  and  there  built  a  high  log  or  pole  pen  held  Srmly 
in  place  by  stakes.  Frenh  meat  was  placed  therein,  and  tne  trap  was  so 
contrived,  that  when  an  animal  entered  the  doorway  to  get  the  meat  the 
trigger  would  be  struck  and  tho  gate  would  fall,  closing  securelv  the 
meann  of  egress.  When  all  had  been  made  satisfactory,  the  trap  was 
bailed  and  left  to  perform  its  work.  Kre  many  days  had  elap<u>d,  a  large 
wolf  was  found  in  the  trap.  An  opening  waa  made,  through  which  tne 
animal  thrust  its  head  in  an  eSbrt  to  escape,  when  the  gate  wag  pushed 
down  on  its  neck,  pinning  it  faat  against  the  log.  Here  its  mouth  was 
securely  tied  up,  and  a  chain  was  tied  tightly  aroungits  neck,  after  which 
the  gate  was  opened,  and  the  animal  permitted  to  jump  out.  Several 
large  dogs  had  been  standing  about,  anxious,  no  doubt,  for  a  chance  nt 
the  wolf,  but  they  were  puc  off*  until  after  the  fierce  animal  had  been 
led  haroe.  It  was  then  resolved  to  ham-string  tho  wolf,  cut  the  ropes 
around  its  month,  and  let  it  fight  the  dogs.  Tnis  wue  done,  and  the  half 
crippled  animal  was  savagely  attacked  by  the  big  dogs;.  But  the  curs 
Soon  learned  "to  go  slow."  The  double  row  of  long  white  teeth  would 
snap  together  like  a  nteel  trap,  and  cut  the  skin  of  the  dogs  like  a  knife. 
After  the  fight  bud  been  witnessed  for  a  long  time,  the  wolf  wbd  shot. 
Thi.i  was  rather  cruel  sport,  but  the  spectators,  of  whom  Mr.  Hodges  was 
one.  greatly  enjoyed  it. 


This  village  started  up  early  in  the  fifties.  J.  D.  Newton,  who  had 
been  aelling  goods  a  few  miles  northeast,  started  a  store  there  about  1852. 
His  brother  Thomas  conducted  the  store,  which  was  continued  about  fif- 
teen years.  Near  the  close  of  the  war,  Scott  <ic  McMillan  opened  a  store. 
Lehman  k  McMillan  succeeded  them.  Newton,  Hodges  k  Co.  began 
about  1870.  Since  then  the  leading  merchants  have  been  Raber  &  Mc- 
Cord,  Samuel  Rosengarden.  Frank  Cunningham,  drugs;  •!.  W,  Prater, 
drugs;  Clarence  H.  .Tones,  drugs,  and  others.  The  pr&eent  merchantaare 
Mr.  Raber.  J.  K.  Stout,  William  Brown  k  Co..  Goss  k  Co.  Andrew 
Fletcher  was  the  first  blacksmith ;  V.  M.  Blankenship,  the  first  carpenter. 

ftAT  TOWNSHIP.  141 

Tho  roUoving  men  tiftve  owned  saw  mills:  P.  M.  BlaDkenBhip.  G«Drg» 
aad  UeniT  LincolD,  Gouliling  k  Hnrilen,  Levi  Frederick.  T.  k  H.  My- 
en,  J.  W.  Prater,  and  at  prcavnt  PLilip  Blank  ess  iti  p.  Ed  Itobinson 
owned  a  grist  mill  id  tonn  for  two  or  tbree  jeirft,  b«giuning  about  1871, 
at  cbe  end  of  which  time  it  was  moTttd  anaj.  Dr.  Cbnrlea  Holman  wu 
liie  first  physicisji  anil  J.  D.  Nevton  the  first  Postmagter.  The  village 
faasapopiiUtiunof  about  260.     It  bu  important  lumber  intercate. 


Where  and  when  the  first  school  wis  taught  io  tho  township  cannot 
fully  be  del«rmine<i.  Tb«  firat  odc,  so  far  as  known,  woe  taught  in  the  aettle- 
mmit  IO  the  northwestern  part  in  the  year  1882,  by  Levi  Johnson.  This 
ooold  cot  have  he«n  the  first  in  the  township.  Id  all  probability,  echool  wae 
laaglit  in  thesoothern  part  ns  early  as  1B28,  and  poMibly  earlier.  In  1840, 
there  were  fonr  established  schools,  all,  of  coune,  being  supported  by  sub- 
acriptioD.  Soon  after  I'linigon  started  into  life,  a  schoolhouse  vaa  built 
there,  and  Joseph  Fletcberiie^roe  the  first  teacher.  This  house  was  erected 
by  Perry  M.  Blankenship.  It  was  use*!  until  about  1866,  when  a  larger 
boose  was  bnilt  on  the  same  lot.  The  present  fine  brick  school  building 
waB  constructed  in  1882,  at  a  cost  of  about  $2,500.  I.  E.  Kerlin  was 
tb«  fint  Principal.  Ho  had  two  assistants.  The  towttship,  as  a  whole. 
has  good  schools. 

The  first  sermon  in  the  township  was  preached  in  1822  by  Rev. 
Thomas  Tboiopeon,  a  minister  or  elder  of  the  Dunkard  Chnrch,  and  one 
of  the  earliest  residents  of  tho  towntihip.  He  preached  at  bis  own  and  at 
bis  neighbors'  cabins  quite  often,  but  so  far  as  can  be  learned  no  organ- 
ifatitn  was  eifected. 

A  Bsprist  Chnrch  was  organized  on  the  northern  boundary  of  the 
township  late  in  the  twnnticA,  among  the  members  being  Levi  Asher, 
Wiltiatn  Manon,  Elijah  Bowen,  John  Durham,  John  Bumam  and  others. 
Perhaps  a  majority  of  the  members  lived  in  Ashland  Township  or  io 
Owen  County.     It  was  called  the  Samaria  Baptist  Church. 

A  IiUtheran  Church  was  organized  in  Kay  Township  in  the  forties, 
Lewis  Tucker,  Henry  Miller,   Ambroee  SeachriBt  aotl  others  belonging. 

A  Christian  Chnrch  wan  orgnniied  west  of  Paragon  in  the  furttea,  and 
for  msny  years  used  a  frame  dwelling  that  bad  been  vacated  for  a  church. 
The  class  built  a  chumh  in  1H59.  Ferry  M.  Blankenship  wasone  of  the 
leading  members.      The  Methodists  have  a  class  at  Paragon  of  a  later 





THE  iionbwestern  part  of  the  county  was  not  eetUed  as  early  as 
other  p«rtio[iB,  for  the  reason  that  it  contained  no  navigable  etreiuna, 
or  wsfl  remote  from  White  River,  then  the  great  commercial  highway.  Id 
Ancient  times  civilisation  sought  the  sea.  Almost  all  of  the  aocient  citiee 
of  great  commercial  importance  vere  on  some  body  of  water.  This  was 
doe  to  the  fact  that  water  was  the  chief  hifihway.  But  when  ste&m  was 
hameasod  and  driven  at  an  nmasing  rate  of  speed  to  the  heart  of  the  con* 
tinent,  inland  towns  of  great  power  sprang  up,  and  many  on  the  larger 
water-courws  died,  yielding  their  seeib  of  life  to  the  new. 

The  gcncrnl  settlement  of  Adamit  Townisbip  did  not  take  place  until 
the  thirtic)!.  at  which  time  the  greater  portion  of  the  land  was  purchased 
by  actual  residenti.  The  tardiness  of  settlement  was  not  the  result  of 
the  poverty  of  the  soil,  as  the  grc»ler  portion  U  rich  bottom  land,  well 
Watered  by  Mill  Creek  on  the  west  and  its  tributaries.  There  is  a  low, 
wet  traci  of  country  extending  across  the  township  from  east  to  weal, 
usaally  known  as  the  Lake,  which,  when  fully  drained  and  reclaimed, 
will  be  the  ino»t  valuable  land  in  the  towuehip.  The  northwcstera  part 
is  drained  by  Mud  Creek,  which  finds  its  outlet  in  Mill  Creek. 

For  several  years  before  any  permanent  settlers  lived  in  the  towDshtp, 
the  woodn  were  thoroughly  hunted  over  by  a.mbiuou8  Nimrnds  from  the 
older  localities  along  White  Hirer  and  White  Lick  Creek.  The  game  in 
the  vicinity  of  the  river  had  become  scarce,  but  out  northwest  in  the  forests 
of  Adama,  bears  and  tin  abundance  of  leea  dangerous  wild  animals  could 
be  found.  Benjamin  Cuthbert.  who  lived  in  Brown  Township,  was  a 
professional  hunter,  and  only  a  few  of  the  early  settlers  could  excel  him 
with  the  ride,  tie  killed  hundreda  of  deer  annually  (in  the  thirtiea, 
largely  in  Adams  Township],  and  made  his  living  wholly  from  the  sale  oT 
their  skins,  at  from  75  cents  to  $1.50  each,  and  the  sale  of  their  "sad- 
dies."  Many  an  old  settlor  living  in  the  tiurthern  part  of  the  county 
rem«nbeni  eating  venison  of  his  killing.  It  is  said  that  he  killed  two 
bears  in  Adams  Township  in  the  woods  on  Mud  Creek  at  a  very  early 
day.  Me  shot  the  mother  bear,  and  then  was  obliged  to  use  his  knife  on 
the  cub.  He  was  an  experienced  deer  hunter,  and  knew  enough  to  keep 
away  from  it  wounded  buck  or  doe.  The  wolves  were  very  troubletwme 
in  the  tovin»hip  at  the  time  of  the  first  settlement.  The  Staleys  had 
stock  killed  by  them,  and  no  doubt  others  were  served  in  a  similar  man- 
ner,  as  wolves  are  no  respecters  of  perpons. 


The  name  of  the  first  settler  is  not  known.  It  is  likely  that  the  Sla- 
leys,  who  came  in  about  the  year  1826  or  1824i,  were  the  first.  Several 
&miUes  of  Treats  came  in  about  1828  or  1929.     Thomas  Shoemaker  was 

ooe  of  the  finit,  if  not  himvelf  tbe  first.  He  came  to  the  township  in 
1826,  and  entered  considerable  land,  and  soon  built  up  a  oomforlable 
borne.  Other  ear\j  reaiienis  of  the  lownabip  were  James  Pruitt,  John 
JobnsaiL,  B.  Pruitt,  Torrel)  Brewer,  William  Brewer,  Goor^  Seaton, 
Bichard  Oflborn,  {iathaniol  Wheeler  (vho  entered  nearW  800  aores),  Jobo 
Littn,  Allen  Wheeler.  Amaziah  McLain.  'f  hotnaa  Barker,  QeorBfl  Elliott, 
ThomaB  Stringer.  Garland  (tentnr.  Thomas  McCartjr,  John  Tomlin&on, 
Daniel  Elliott,  Eli  Pmitt.  Richard  Wile;,  Georse  Eriinger,  Thimas 
Hulse.  Jamee  Broadstreet,  Beojamin  Freeland.  M.  A.  Milter,  Nathan 
Wheeler,  John,  James.  William.  Riehard  and  Stephen  Treat  (who  came 
in  the  twentiiie).  David  A.  Curtia,  Jonathan  McCullom.  Philip  A.  Fox- 
worthv,  Jeremiah  Matthews,  Jeese  Prituhett,  Larkio  Parish,  John  Rat- 
liff,  Allen  Taylor.  James  Doreett,  Robert  Wallers,  Miller  Howell.  John 
Bowmen,  Gideon  Rrssier,  Logan  Grar,  John  Craven,  George  Moore, 
O.  W.  Bowuian.  John  L,  Aslibaugh,  John  and  James  Taylor,  William 
Edwards,  William  and  Edward  Bowman,  Israel  Lewis,  Robert  Walter, 
Hirmca  Brasior.  Isaac  Brasicr,  Andrevi-  ThompBoo,  Solomon  Wateon, 
Jamea  Ogles,  Joseph,  William  and  Robert  Walters,  Joseph  Donaldiion, 
William  Wigal.JohD  fiumaD,  Georfi;e  Shape,  Silas  Nichols,  A.  D.  Dtunk, 
John  B«evea  and  others.  All  of  the  above  men,  howerer,  did  nnt  reside 
in  AduH.  Some  were  speculators,  aud  some  were  rceidentd  of  neighbor- 
ing lowDships. 

Tbe  poll  tax  fiayers  in  1342  were  u  follows :  William  Allen,  William 
AUxander,  Benjamin  Alexander,  William  Atdred.  A.  J.  Bowman,  John 
Bennett,  Peter  Bryant,  Simon  Bundy,  Hardin  Bandv.  Alfred  Bundy,  Ter- 
rell Brewer,  Darid  D.  Blunk,  Amoe  D.  Blunk,  William  Brewer.  Samuel 
Beadle,  C.  B.  Bowman,  J.  M.  Bryant,  W.  T.  Boyd,  William  and  Reu- 
hen  Bryan.  N.  B.  Chamhera,  Will'iam  Clark,  Ignatius  Clark,  David  \. 
Curtis,  Alfred  Delaran,  S.  A.  Duncan.  W,  S.  Drake,  John  Dunham, 
High  Dobbs,  Abijah  Dorscit,  Jameit  Domett,  Duty  Dorsett,  Charles 
Dtinean,  Joseph  Donaldson,  William  Eates,  Frank  Elliott,  Peter  Elmore, 
8.  M.  D.  Elmore,  Jared  El«ey.  A.  J.  Franklin.  W.  A.  Franklin.  Josiah 
Gr«vei,  Aar«n  Goodwin,  Francia  Oibbons,  Samnel  Goodwin,  Thomas  L. 
Gray.  Stephen  Grimes,  Garhnd  Gentry.  William  Gumm,  George  Guy, 
Daniel  Goodwin,  Ass  Uadley,  J.  T.  IlatI,  George  Horner,  Johnson 
Btttohinson,  Edward  Jackson.  John  Johnson,  M.  B.Johnson,  B.  S.  John* 
Mm,  Hetekiah  Johnson,  Moaea  Kenney,  Nathaniel  Ludlow,  John  M. 
Ludlow.  Job  Lewis.  John  Moser,  William  Moaer.  Brvce  Miller,  M.  D. 
Miller,  Jonathan  MGCoDum,  Edward  Miller,  John  >1cGiiui!!!,  William 
Norton.  W.  A.  Nunn,  Andrew  Ogle,  Z.v-hariah  Uzlc.  Richard  Osbom, 
BcDoni  Peterson,  Bright  Pruitt.  Lorenzo  Padget,  John  Pritcbett,  Paul 
Peten.  Andrew  Potlorlf,  Larkin  Parish,  W.  H.  Parker,  Eli  Pruitt,  Jr., 
John  Keeves,  James  Ruston,  John  R.  Robards,  Samaol  Rowland.  John 
Ratliff,  J.  G.  Russell,  Peter  Staley.  Thomas  Shoemaker,  James  Snoddy, 
Jacob  Stitta,  Reuben  Stringer,  William  Sialey,  John  Stalev,  Eli  Staley, 
JuBM  Stringer,  Sampson  Staley,  Jacob  Shake,  Joaeph  ^mith,  A.  3. 
Smftfc,  Aaron  Smith,  Jacob  Siirber,  David  Shields.  Jonepb  Snndgrass, 
Jame*  Sallnst.  Abraham  Turner.  Richard  Treat,  William  Trammelt.  J. 
W.  Treat,  W.  W.  Treat.  Nathan  Wood.  Nathaniel  Wheeler,  L.  P.  Whil- 
talcer,  Eliaha  Wood,  Gideon  Wright,  Isaac  Witoox,  Payton  Wheeler,  Eli- 


jab  Wallace,  Thomas  Wheeler,  Enoch  Wallace,  Edmond  Worley,  Allea 
Wheeler,  Richani  Wskers.  William  Wigal.  Several  of  the  above  mea 
never  lived  in  the  township.     They  wera  non-reii dents. 

The  early  schools  were  taught  first  in  private  dwellings.  The  earlj 
teachers  were  residents  who  posaeased  some  little  edueaciou,  enough  to 
furnish  nidimvutarv  instruction  in  rending,  writing  and  arithnietic,  and 
to  furnish  correctiuri  with  hickory  gads.  These  old  instruments  of  pun- 
ishment were  always  present,  and  usually  hung  on  wooden  hooksorer  the 
old  fire-place,  so  that  they  became  so  hardened  by  leasoning  from  the 
heat  that  they  resisted  the  severest  exercise  of  the  teacher  in  an  applica- 
tion on  some  offending  pupil,  and  even  cut  the  wooden  benches  sa  the 
teacher  in  bis  fervor  pursued,  round  and  round,  the  howling  culprit.  The 
big  whip  was  indispensable.  A  "  master  "  who  could  sneceDsfutly  teach  a 
term  of  school  without  using  a  whip,  or  could  get  along  perhaps  without 
any  such  corrective,  was  a  rare  object,  and  when  one  was  found  he  wu 
looked  upon  with  auapicioii,  so  jiruvalvnt  was  the  belief  in  the  efficacy  of 
the  rod.  The  old  settlers  were  firiu  believerii  iu  the  uracle  of  Solomon, 
"spare  the  rod  and  spoil  the  child,'  and  sh  they  did  not  care  to  have 
their  offspring  spoiled,  they  usually  employed  an  Irishman  who  possessed 
both  the  energy  and  temper  to  apply  the  rod  to  the  unlimited  eatisfaction 
of  parents  anxious  that  their  children  "should  be  trained  up  in  the  way 
they  should  go."  It  is  worthy  of  note  that  the  earliest  professional  teacli- 
ers  throughout  the  West  were  Irishmen,  They  were  about  the  only 
class  that  appeared  to  find  satisfactory  emoluments  in  continuous  leaching. 
Coming  themselves  from  an  humble  stock,  and  trained  in  the  rough  school 
«f  poverty,  they  seemed  to  enjoy  the  rude  fare  always  obtained  by 
*'bosrdiug  around,"  and  seemed  contented  with  the  meager  amounts 
doled  stingily  out  by  parents  of  the  backwoods.  It  ia  stated  that  the  first 
school  held  in  the  townnhip  wa.1  near  Eminence,  in  about  the  year  1835. 
A  rude  log  cabin  that  had  been  occupied  u  short  time  by  some  early  fam* 
ily  and  had  then  been  vacated,  was  fitted  up,  and  a  school  wil«  uught  by 
some  stranger,  probably  an  Irishman,  who  came  along.  A  school  was 
taught  soon  afterward  in  the  northern  part  of  the  township,  the  Wheelers 
bfting  the  principal  patrons.  It  is  said  that  one  of  them  was  the  te&cher. 
This  school  was  t&ught  about  the  year  1836.  Another  was  taught  east 
of  it  within  a  year  or  two  afterward.  In  1840,  there  were  four  catab- 
lished  schoub,  two  in  the  northern  part,  one  near  the  center,  and  one  near 
Eminence,  or  near  what  afterward  became  Eminence.  The  real  develop- 
ment of  the  school  sy.<item  of  the  township  began  with  the  passage  of  the 
common  school  law  of  1852.  Frame  houses  were  built,  and  public  funds 
provided  better  wages  for  te&chers,  and  thus  secured  better  instructors. 
Now  thoro  uro  eight  or  nine  schools  in  the  township,  and  tbo  value  of  the 
school  property  ia  about  $5,500. 

It  is  likely  that  the  Baptists  at  Kminence  had  the  first    permanent 
religious  organization  in  the  townphip.     The  class  was  established  about 
the  year  183"  or  1838,  at  the  house  of  Thomas  Shoemaker,  or  as  others 

•tM«,  at  lliftt  of  Joseph  Donaldson.  Thate  men  and  their  families  were 
promiDeat  m«mb«r9>  ind  kt  the  organization  of  the  c\&»s  wer«  about  the 
only  onea.  JoMph  Applegace  was  au  earl^  member.  Mr.  Shoemaker 
donated  a  snull  tract  of  grouiii]  for  a  church  ami  c«metery  In  1811. 
This  church  became  wJdel/  known,  anil  was  called  Mount  Eden.  It  had 
a  large  membership  during  the  fortiea,  and  did  great  good  throughout  all 
that  portion  of  the  county.  It  is  yet  in  a  prottperous  condition  at  Emi- 
nence- The  Methodists  nrganizeff  a  clasa  west  of  Mill  Crook  about  1840, 
which  met  for  worship  at  the  huuse  of  William  Brick.  This  is  not  now 
in  Morgan  County,  but  it  was  then,  Among  th«  members  were  the  fam- 
iliea  of  John  Clark,  E<ogaQ  Gray,  A.  J.  Bowman,  Joaiah  Graves.  Tbomaa 
Champion,  J.  P.  Gk>odwia.  Xorman  Nann  and  others.  R^v.  Isaac  Craw- 
ford was  tho  pastor  of  the  class  early  in  the  forties.  The  olas^  often  met 
at  the  residence  of  John  Clark.  .Another  enrly  clasa  was  the  Lake  Valley 
Methodist  Chnrch.  It  was  orgaiiiitil  in  the  fortira,  among  the  early 
memtieni  beins  the  bmilies  uf  William  Wilhite,  Hi'iekiab  Johnson,  Cole- 
laaQ  Brown,  James  Pruitt,  Jamen  McCleilan.  In  18<j2,  the  pastor  was 
ReT.  H.  S-  Talbot.  This  ciaan  is  yet  in  existence.  The  Oak  Grove 
Christian  Church,  in  the  northern  part,  was  organized  in  thu  forties, 
some  of  the  earlv  fuemb«rg  being  A.  M.  Detaren,  Richard  Treat,  Bright 
Pruitt,  John  Bnvd  aad  others.  This  claas  is  in  a  ilourishing  condition  at 
prMeDt.     Other  religious  organiKatioii!)  have  existed  in  thetownnhip. 


Thiaie  a  thriving  irillage  of  about  350  people.  It  was  laid  out  id 
July.  1855,  on  Section  33.  Township  Hi  north.  Range  2  west,  by  Will- 
iam Wigal,  proprietor.  Twenty  lota  were  laid  out  at  that  time,  to  which 
DO  farther  addition  was  made  until  180o,  wh«n  Jacob  Surber  increased 
the  town  proper  by  a  number  of  lots.  The  early  owners  of  lote  were  Abe 
Iladden,  J.  S.  Holmes.  Daniel  N.  tlolmea,  Elison  Sliger,  E.  W.  Spencer, 
G.  L.  Wigal.  T.  A.  Adkins,  H.  R.  Flook,  Miller  Howell,  Solomon  Wat-' 
eon.  In  1862.  George  Kirkham,  J.  M.  Reed,  Louisa  Twiss,  McDonald 
Woltere,    bought   lots.     Lator  came  C.   C.   Ruchnnan,   Frank   Mathis,  J. 

E.  Patrick,  fiom  Ward.  Matt  Watson.  A.  C.  Modell.  J.  F.  Myrick.  John 

F.  Ray,  J.  C.  Khea,  B.  F.  Card,  J.  W.  Alciander.  C.  E.  NichoU.  Pro- 
eilla  Bowman.  Card  i  Brewer.  Andrew  Gom,  W.  I!.  Greenway,  J.  H. 
Halae,  John  Hulae,  J.  G.  Hamilton,  John  Hancock  and  many  others 
aft«r  1867. 

It  w  oaid  that  Joseph  W.  Ray  wns  the  first  mercbAtit  in  Eminence. 
Othen  have  been  McDonald  Wattcrh,  Howard  llulac.  Eli  Wataon,  Emery 
Nichols.  Halae  k  Wataon,  Doasett  &  Iluhie,  Enoch  Patrick,  John  Dur- 
mington,  lllram  Staley,  John  SummerB,  Jacob  Arnold  and  many  others. 
About  aiz  years  ago,  the  town  was  almost  wholly  destroyed  by  fire.  Tb* 
Pierce  Brothers  bailt  a  woolen  factory  there,  seveial  ycara  after  the  town 
was  started.  The  enterprise  started  out  well  at  carding,  spinning  and 
wesTing,  and  numerous  hands  were  reiguired  to  conduct  the  divers  piec«e 
of  machinery.  Af^er  continuing  a  few  yearn,  theenterprise  was  Btian<!nned. 
The  principal  feature  of  (he  town  in  early  years,  and  indeed  loug  before  a 
town  was  tnought  of,  was  the  grist  mill  owned  and  conducted  by  William 
Wigal.     The  building  of  the  mill  soon  concentrated  other  interests  there, 



wfaicti  Uemaaded  the  laying  out  of  a  towu.  The  j;roirth,  bowever,  uraa 
rery  slow,  and  did  not  progrees  rapidly  until  after  the  war,  even  i(  ii  did 
then.  The  town  his  had  numeroas  saw  tnilU,  wa^nmalcere.  cabinet- 
tnakerfi  and  artisans,  and  mechanioa  of  alt  ocber  cmfla  aluioet.  There  is 
not  a  livelier  (own  of  its  fiiie  in  the  county.  Tliie  is  accounted  for  by 
reason  of  the  location  of  the  village  in  the  eenter  of  a  rich  tract  of  ooantrj, 
aod  its  distance  from  railroad  towns  nnd  the  enterprise  of  the  citizens. 
The  present  industries  maybe  suismed  up  as  follows:  Genera)  stores, 
Daniel  N.  HoInieB,  C.  E.  Nichols  k  Bro.,  Ray  k  Wstson,  Nicholas  k 
Rbctt,  Parker  k  Son,  Rhea  k  Ryoti ;  drugs,  J.  K.  Burgee,  Joel  PHrkor 
and  Dr.  PottoiT;  uiLdercakers,  Slugv  k  Rhea:  millinery,  H.  Nicholss, 
Miller  Sisters;  hotel,  Gideon  Brosier,  Mrs.  Gum ;  oaw  mill,  M. 
Miller;  grixt  mill,  SammeiB  k  Tarleten ;  saw  mill.  Twomey,  Pottoff  k 
Co. ;  harness,  Brsisier  &  HubtwU,  C.  J.  Areo  &  Son.  There  are 
thr»e  churches — Methodist,  Baptist  and  Christian. 



ONE  of  the  e&rliest  settlements  in  Morgan  County  was  in  the  smalli 
fertile  and  famous  valley  in  the  Houthern  part  of  Jefferson  Town- 
ship, known  by  the  above  name.  Here  it  was  that,  according  to  some, 
the  Srtt  permanent  settletnent  in  the  county  was  made.  It  should  be 
known  that  the  counties  down  the  river  (Owen,  Monroe,  Greene,  etc.) 
were  settled  from  six  to  ten  yes.r8  before  the  county  of  Morgan.  Before 
the  latter  had  any  permanent  white  settlers,  its  territory  bad  been  &e- 
(juently  invaded  by  prospectors  who  knew  that  ere  many  years,  the  GoT- 
emment  would  secure  the  soil  and  open  it  to  settletnent,  and  by  Adventur- 
ous hunters  and  trappers  who  penetrated  it,H  natural  fastnesses  in  quest  of 
fkms  and  a  livelihood.  The  country  along  the  river,  especially,  wu 
us  often  inspected,  but  of  course  no  permanent  settlement  could  be 
made,  or  at  least  was  made,  until  a^er  the  Indian  treaty  of  St. 
Mary's,  Ohio,  at  which  time  the  fine  tract  of  country  called  the  New  Pur- 
ohaae,  of  which  the  county  of  Morgan  formed  a  part,  was  oeeded  to  the 
United  Slates.  Settlers  in  the  lower  and  older  counties  had  waited 
patiently  for  this  event,  and  the  ratification  of  the  treaty  was  no  sooner 
annouocod  than  the  adventurous  home  seekers  penetrated  the  New  Pur- 
chase far  permanent  aettlement.  The  survey  of  the  land  was  ordered, 
undertaken  and  completed  during  the  years  1819  and  1820,  and  on  the 
4th  of  September  the  first  sale  look  place  at  Terre  Haute. 

Early  in  the  spring  of  1 819,  the  exact  date  not  being  known,  but 
probably  in  the  month  of  March  or  April,  three  men  in  one  of  the  lower 
counties  (Jeremiah  Lamb,  Joseph  Mnnden  and  Humphrey  Harris),  loaded 
with  provisions  and  implements,  and  armed  with  rifiea  and  knives, 
journeyed  up  White  River  until  the  valley  above  mentioned  was  reached, 
when,  after  eiamining  the  country  there  thoroughly,  they  concluded  to 

Dftke  a  permanent  location,  and  began  immediatdlj  toerectarudo  log 
cabiD  ID  which  to  live  while  they  were  clearing  a  few  acrea  for  a  crop, 
tod  until  better  houses  could  be  reared  for  the  fatailies  that  were  to  be 
brongbc  out  in  the  fall.  The  u^Da[H>niry  c»bin  was  hastily  baitt,  and  the 
dtrw  men  went  roeolutelj  to  work  to  clear  a  few  acres  for  a  crop  of  corn 
and  vegetablea.  Theif  concluded  to  farm  tJic  fimt  year  in  common,  and 
af^er  cleariof;  about  five  acres,  they  planted  the  same  with  corn  and  gar- 
den '*truck,"  and  two  of  them  went  back  whence  ihey  came  and  the 
third  roroainc<i  to  care  for  the  crop.  The  others  returned  and  asmieted. 
The  three  men  "bached"  during  the  Butniner,  often  joining  their  families 
for  pTOvisiotie  and  to  cart*  tor  property  there.  One  or  more  of  them  was 
always  present  at  the  new  home.  During  the  summer,  three  substantial 
log  cabins  were  built  for  the  three  familiea,  and  three  small  tract«  vera 
cleared  and  larger  tracts  deadened.  In  the  fall,  the  families  were  brought 
out  and  domiciled  in  the  cabins.  For  two  or  three  year«,  thi^  nettlement 
became  well  known,  and  was  uiiivf-Tsalty  known  as  ''Lnmb'B  Bottom." 
called  thus  for  Mr.  Lamb,  the  most  prominent  of  tbe  three  settlers.  The 
cabins  nf  these  men  became  great  resorts  for  all  the  hunter;!,  who  came  up 
the  river  during  the  yeani  1819  and  1820,  and  for  numerous  home  seek- 
ers. Game  was  very  abundant  then,  and  the  oabina  were  always  aup- 
plied  with  wild  turkeys,  venieon  steak  and  quite  probably  sometimes  with 
bear  steak. 

In  January,  1820  (or  perhaps  the  following  January,  1821),  tfae  fam- 
ily of  Mr.  Munden  had  been  ao  closely  housed  for  some  time  by  excessive 
cold  weather  that  the  supply  of  meat  ran  short,  and  one  morning  wh>>a 
lb*  cold  ecomed  somewhat  naodiGed  and  the  approaching  day  seemed  aus- 
picious, Mr.  Munden  took  his  rifle  aud  went  out  in  quest  of  game.  After 
three  or  four  houni  had  elapsed,  it  suddenly  clouded  up,  and  the  snow  be> 
gut  to  fall  heavily,  and  in  a  comparatively  iibort  time  lay  upon  the  ground 
iveira  or  fifteen  inchea  deep.  The  snow  tbeti  ceased  to  fall,  the  wind 
veered  round  lo  tbe  northwest  and  it  became  intensely  cold.  To  increaaa 
tbe  horror  of  being  out,  the  tight  enow  wae  raised  in  clouds  by  the  wind, 
and  acarc«ly  a  foot  could  be  seen  in  advance.  The  day  wore  away,  bat 
Mr.  Monden  did  not  return.  Uia  family  became  uneasy,  but  hoped  for 
hit  appearance  before  night.  Inky  darkncsti  settled  over  the  earth,  the 
gUtrm  continued  with  unabated  fiiry,  and  still  the  hunter  did  not  return. 
The  night  slowly  passed,  and  at  darbreak.  as  Mr.  Munden  did  not 
appe«r,  his  family,  with  direful  forebodingi,  hurried  to  the  cabins  of  the 
Deigbbora  and  told  thorn  of  the  ominous  condition  of  affairs.  It  was  in- 
itantly  resolved  to  go  in  search  of  the  miseing  man.  The  cold  wa«  yet 
bitter,  bat  the  wind  had  died,  and  the  snow  lay  in  huge  drifts.  Five  or 
•ix  nen,  inclading  several  who  had  lately  come  to  the  neighborhood,  ac- 
cordingly started  out  In  groups  of  two.  After  many  hours  of  tiresome 
walking,  two  of  tbe  men  eamo  upon  human  tracks  nearly  filled  with  snow. 
Thcae  were  five  or  six  miles  from  homo,  and  were  followed  as  rapidly  u 
powible.  They  led  in  a  rambling  way  toward  the  eettlemeat,  and  finally 
Strock  the  old  Indian  trace.  Iiere  it  was  found  that  the  man  had  lain 
down  in  the  snow  to  rest.  The  half  concealed  tracks  were  followed,  and 
soon  another  resting  place  wa«  found.  This  was  repeated  six  or  seven 
times,  the  reating  placea  coming  nearer  and  Dearer  together,  until  at  last 



the  dc»d  bod;  of  Mr.  HuodeD  wu  fouod.  froton  ttiff,  and  half  coTored 
witK  BQOW.  He  waa  in  a  half-sitting  poHture  wicti  bi»  gun  in  bia  hands, 
and  wlieo  overtaken  by  death  was  do  doubt  attempting  to  ruse  bicuself 
to  his  feet  with  the  assistance  of  his  rifle,  in  another  effort  for  his  life. 
Intense  was  the  sorrow  of  his  famil;  when  the  newa  became  kouwn.  The 
corpse  was  taken  home  and  bari«d.  The  family  remained  in  the  settle- 
ment a  year  or  more  and  then  left,  end  their  subsequent  moveinents  are 
unknown.  How  long  Mr.  Lamb  and  Mr.  HarriH  remaineil  in  the  settle- 
ment cannot  be  learned,  but  it  waa  not  to  exceed  about  three  years.  What 
became  of  them  conld  not  be  learned.  Their  farms,  which  they  did  not 
«wfiT  were  purchaeed  by  others,  and  the  names  of  all  except  that  of  Mr. 
Lamb  are  well-nigli  forgotten. 

Among  those  who  bought  land  early  in  the  townithin  were  James  K. 
Hamilton,  John  Burnett,  hamucl  Newell,  Hiram  Htrouii,  John  Kennedy, 
Abraham  Stroud,  Jacob  Cutler,  John  Conner,  Fred  Fry,  Abraham  Frv, 
William  McDaniel,  Samuel  Ashlon.  Andrew  Waymore,  Thomas  Clark. 
These  men  made  their  purchases  prior  to  1825,  and  all  located  their  land 
in  Lamb's  Bottom.  Later  en  tries  were  made  by  Atoxundcr  Mc  K  inney.  Fred- 
erick Buekbart,  and  still  later  by  Solomon  Watson,  J.  W.  Powem,  George 
ShnltB,  P.  Uackworth,  John  Hynds,  Levi  Wallers,  William  Stilea,  Willinm 
Riddle,  Isaac  FleUiher,  Amos  and  Aaron  Stout,  William  Bragg,  George 
Malf,  Andrew  Scott,  Cra?en  P.  Hester,  Solomon  Teag.  James  Newton, 
Emanuel  Isenhower,  George  Elliott,  John  Burnett,  Hiram  McKinnoy, 
William  Goodwin,  John  B.  Gibson,  Jacob  Sticrwalt.  Christopher  Shults, 
J.  M.  Worthincton,  Samuel  Fletcher,  Henry  French.  John  Taggart,  Jo- 
eeph  Whitson,  James  Warren,  Robert  Burge,  Nathan  Dow,  Joel  Beam, 
John  Fowler,  John  Smith,  Thomas  Lockhart,  Reuben  Robertson,  Joseph 
Elder,.  Martha  Townacnd,  Lawrence  Fouta,  Iiigraham  Collins^  II.  8. 
Cunningham,  William  Crone.  W.  H.  Allison.  Robert  Miller,  John  Plai- 
ters,  Jonn  O'Nell,  John  A.  Worthen,  David  Lee,  William  Shearer,  Will- 
iam Watson,  Thomas  Dixon.  Gideon  Lewis,  Charles  B.  Butler,  John 
Hudson,  Fred  Bronjon,  David  Snodgraes,  T.  Shipley,  Allen  Smith,  Silas 
Bartholomew.  Joseph  Snodmiss.  Gideon  Fanis,  Henry  Richardson, 
Gideon  Reynold,  J.  W.  Cox.  Philip  Engle,  George  Winters.  John  Nutter, 
R.  D.  Worthington,  Jonathan  Powers  and  Hiram  Collins. 

Lewis  Asher,  William  Bragg,  James  Browning,  Robert  Bragg,  Mil- 
ton Burpoe,  JnmeB  Ball.  Nuuh  Ball.  Robert  Bnrge.  Walter  Beat,  Joel 
Beam,  Daniel  Bailiff,  Wealey  Ballinger.  William  Cox,  J.  W.  Cor,  Will- 
iam  N.  Cunningham.  Pleasant  Duckworth,  Nathan  Dow,  Thoms.>^  Dixon, 
William  Dixon,  John  Duckworth,  Joel  Elliott,  C.  W.  Eaton,  George 
Elliott,  Thomas  Fipps.  Henry  French,  Robert  Foster,  Joseph  Fry,  Sam- 
uel Fletcher,  Jesse  GriQith,  D.  C.  Gladson,  Lawaon  Grunt,  David  Grunt, 
Henderson  Hutton,  George  Hensley.  Thomaa  Hines,  John  Hynds, 
Thomas  Hynds,  Emanuel  Isenhower,  James  Kirby,  L.  C.  Kennedy, 
William  Kirk.  Amos  Kirby,  Gideon  Lewie.  Robert  Miller,  George  Miller, 
James  McKinney,  Peter  Miller,  John  Miller.  Henry  Miller, Marsh, 



Willium  Preston.  John  O'Neal.  Jesae  Overton,  Robert  Psttison.  William 
I*»yton,  Henry  RiehnrtUon,  Felix  Rinchart.  Edw»rd  Shipley,  Jeaee 
Sunlon.  Talbot  Shipley.  George  Shultz.  Duvid  Smitd.  Allen  Skelton, 
Amoe  Stout,  Jacob  Stiorwalt,  William  Stilee,  John  Stoat,  William  Stout, 
Jnhn  Taggart,  William  Teug,  John  Wallvw,  David  Woods,  William 
Wi<Iner,  Janies  Wannan,  Ira  Worthen,  John  Wowls,  G4orgo  Winter 
and   Richard  Weathers. 

The  first  church  organixe^l  in  the  township  was  the  Mt.  Oilead  Bap- 
tist society,  founded  soon  after  1840.  Th«  leading  mcmbera  in  early 
years  were  Luke  C.  Kennedy,  Uarirey  Sbeppard,  A.  J.  Duncan,  Alex- 
ander Knox,  W,  C  Tomuend  and  otitors.  AfUr  a  few  years  a  church 
wu  boilt.  The  clans  is  yet  in  existence.  Late  in  the  forties,  the  Ckrie-' 
liao  Cburcb  in  Lamb's  Bottom  was  organized,  the  lendiriji;  incmbera  be- 
ing Thomas  Wilson.  James  Farr.  Alexander  Wilson,  nuz<>iciiih  Guy  sad 
Ephnum  Hodges.  The  Mt.  Olivo  Mothodist  class  was  orgnnixed  later, 
as  was  also  the  PresbyteriaD.  The  meeting  house  at  Crone's  has  been 
well  attondfld  at  times.  The  townahij)  is  well  supplied  with  facilities  for 

The  first  schools  were  taught  in  Lamb's  Buttom.  Several  bad  been 
started  there  before  any  other  ponion  of  the  township  was  thus  represent- 
ed. A  log  cabin  about  a  mile  snd  a  half  southwest  of  Hyndsdalc  was 
InDsfbrtQcd  into  a  temple  of  learning  about  the  year  1834,  and  a  settnion 
WM  taught  therein  by  some  man  whoso  name  is  do  longer  remembered. 
Another  schuol  was  started  southwest  of  that  point,  near  the  township 
line,  about  the  same  time.  It  has  been  stated  that  school  was  tanebt  in 
the  twenties  in  the  vicinity  of  Ilyndadale,  bat  if  so  the  bets  could  not 
be  aseertained.  During  the  forties,  several  schools  wer»  cstablisbsd  in 
the  centnt  and  nortJiern  parts  of  tbe  township.  In  almofli  every  case, 
log  cabins,  with  huge  fire-places,  stick  and  clay  chimneys,  rude  clapboard 
seats  and  desks,  were  the  first  sohoolhouaes.  The  hooks  were  extremelv 
limited,  and  early  teaahers  were  obliged  to  resort  to  slates  and  blackbo&rde 
of  tbe  rudest  description  in  order  that  the  scholars  might  have  the  re- 
quired advantagea.  Sometimes  one  book  served  a.  whole  class,  being 
passed  along  as  it  was  needed.  lu  1830,  there  were  six  esbabtishea 
adioola.     Now  there  are  eight. 

This  little  village  was  founded  soon  after  the  railroad  was  put  tn  mn- 
ting  order.     Il  has  usually  bad  a   store  of  general   merchandise,  a  post 
'See  and  a  blaeksmitb  shop.     Considerable  timber  is  shipped  during  the 
ion.     The  Stouts  have  boon  in  biisiness  there.     The  village  is  conven- 
it  for  the  neighborhood. 




J_  ^80on 


1HIS  towniibin,  u  it  nov  is,  was  formed  oat  of  Raj  Township 
after  the  close  of  the  rebellion.  Some  portions  are  hilly, 
■with'a  preilominftting  clay  soil,  especially  on  the  riilge;  but,  on  the  whole, 
thotownship  ie  wellauitea  foragricutlurc.  Enonnoue  crops  of  all  ihecereala 
sr«  grovn  annually  on  th.e  lower  lands,  which  are  as  rich  and  fertile  as 
an;  in  the  Mi»siK3ippi  Valley.  The  tawnnhip  is  made  up  of  Seationa  7, 
8,  IT,  18,  19,  20,  29  and  SO  in  Township  12  north.  Range  1  west,  and 
all  of  Township  12  north.  Ranj^  2  west,  except  Sections  19,  20.  21.  28, 
29,  30,  31.  82,  83,  34,  35.  36,  the  last  three  being  in  Ray  Township  and 
the  others  in  Owen  Connty. 


No  doubt  Joseph  Rhodes  was  the  first  settler  of  the  township.  He 
located  on  th'O  creel;  which  bears  his  name  in  1822.  and  built  a  rude  log 
cabin.  lie  had  no  personal  property  worth  mentioning,  but  went  reso- 
lutely to  work  to  prepare  a  more  comfortable  home.  George  Nicholas 
appeared  soon  afterward,  locating  on  the  same  section  (16).  John  Man- 
non  nlao  bought  land  in  1822  on  Section  IT.  Benjnniin  Dankinoame  in 
1825  and  located  on  Section  1".  Aaron  Bltiuk  eslablUhcd  himself  on 
Section  17  in  1824,  and  William  Evans  on  Section  18  in  1826.  Sol- 
omon Watflon  came  to  .Section  IH  in  182i).  and  R.  R.  Manning  in  1832. 
K.  S.  Whitoker  located  on  Section  22  in  1825,  John  Matlock  in  1826, 
William  Aalier  in  1824,  Levi  Whitaker  in  1829,  William  Cotter  in  1833. 
William  Brown  1834,  and  Elisha  Brown  in  1834.  Jacob  Bullen  bought 
land  on  Seotiun  23  in  1828,  David  Seachrist  in  1880,  Daniel  Seachrietiu 
1884,  William  Johns  in  1884,  Mathias  Zink  in  1834,  and  Felix  Seachriat 
in  1886.  George  Knoy  bought  land  on  Section  24  in  1829,  Henry  Ucd- 
rick  in  1831,  John  Knnv  in  1882,  Lewi»Tuckerin  1884,and  Jarae9Fo<4ter 
in  1888.  George  Shulti  bought  land  on  Srotion  26  in  1824,  William 
Johnson  ths  same  vcsr,  Hiram  Alexander  in  1825,  Levi  Meofield  in  1825, 
Jacob  Bullon  in  1826,  and  Jacob  Seachriat  in  1829.  On  Section  27, 
Elijah  Buwen  entered  land  in  1881,  Benjamin  Beela  in  18S4.  John  Snod- 
graas  in  1835,  Levi  Whitaker  in  182it.  and  Joel  Skelton  in  183y.  On 
Section  25,  Ephraim  Goss  bought  land  in  182.'>,  Dnvid  Myer^  in  1826, 
Street  Cox  in  1826.  and  J.  S.  Harlan  in  1887.  On  Section  17,  David 
W.  Gray  bought  land  in  1836.  On  Section  15,  Isaac  Skelton  bought  in 
18S6,  E.  B.  Chenoweth.  1836,  and  John  Brown  in  1837.  On  Section  14, 
Eli  Myers  in  1837.  On  Section  13,  Adam  Lingle,  Sr..  in  1829,  H.  Knox 
1883,  Lewia  Tucker.  1834.  Eli  Pomeroy.  1836,  John  Wingler,  1836,  James 
Foster.  1838.  and  John  Fouls,  1 839.    On  Section  12,  Gei>rge  Moore,  1835, 

B.  G.  Edwards,  1835,  Daniel  Sbnltz,  1835,  Jeremiah  Sturgeon, , 

Henry  Whitaker,  1836.  and  William  Ball,  1839.     On  Section  11,  S.  D. 


SpuD.  1838.  N&poleoD  B.  Chambers.  1889,  and  David  Lippa,  1839.  On 
S«:tion  9.  William  Elmore,  18S6,  William  Cotter,  18;i",  and  A.  J.  Procwr, 
1839.  On  Section  8,  William  Baldwin.  1835,  and  W.  R.  Mannon,  1887. 
On  Section  7,  Isaac  Wauwlsv.  1*S39.  On  Section  0,  Abe  Fletcher,  1837, 
J.  W.  Gladaon.  1838,  Jamee  Ogl«,  1838,  Richard  Bittle,  1889,  and  laaac 
Bolden,  I8S9.  On  Section  G,  William  Asher,  1832,  Simeon  Watson, 
1883.  Andrew  Ogle,  1835.  George  Patiorff.  1837.  and  Solomon  Watson, 
1889.  On  Section  4.  G.  W.  Shake.  18.16,  Henry  Littimore.  1888,  and 
K.  S.  Risinger,  1889.  On  Section  3.  Benjamin  Edward*.  1837.  On 
Section  2,  William  Braaier,  1834,  Jesse  Shoemaker,  1835,  John  Cart- 
r«ht,  1836,  Isaac  Carter,  1837.  S.  D.  Spain.  1887,  and  George  Binnk, 
1839.  On  Section  t,  M.  M.  Tajlor,  1835.  Tobiaa  Moaer,  183.5.  Jncob 
Moter.  1836.  J.  L.  Ashbough.  lt«36.  and  Alexander  Moeer,  1^38.  Dv 
ing  the  thirliee  the  following  men  bought  land  on  the  six  sections  in  the 
eastern  part:  John  Knoy,  Jesse  Thacker,  Edward  Power?,  J.  T.  Mur- 
pbej,  William  Mnrphey,  A.  C.  Murphejf,  Alfred  Powers,  W.  11.  Bryant, 
Peter  Shuler,  Daniel  Bayliff,  William  Greenlee,  Uenry  Ratts,  George 
Bou.  IleKekiah  Butler,  llenry  Hedrick,  David  Hedrick.  Jacob  Jobiw, 
Henry  Leo,  Elijah  Rogers,  John  Littertnan,  Uempsey  Trowbridge  and 
Koah  Gallimore. 


In  1842,  the  following  men  among  others  were  aseeased  poll  tax  in 
what  is  now  Ashland  Township,  then  a  part  of  Ray  Town.>«hip:  James 
Craycroft,  Isaae  Carter.  Lewis  Caston,  Isaac  Caston,  Jesse  Coffey,  W.  K. 
Mannon.  William  Maesey,  George  Elliott.  David  Hedrick.  Henry  Hed- 
rick, Josbna  Kenov,  George  McKinley,  Ephraim  Katts,  Elijah  Kojiera, 
John  Shuler,  Joel  Skelcon.  John  Carpenter,  Wiat  Carpenter.  PuIIip 
Foxworthy,  Benjamin  Gray,  Adam  Lingle,  Jeremiah  Moser,  David 
Myerv,  Eli  Pomeroy,  Kinner  Hisinger,  Stephen  Spain,  Jacob  Seachriat, 
Jeaae  Shoemaker,  Daniel  Seachrist,  Felix  Scachrist,  David  Seachrist, 
John  SkoltOD,  Lewis  Tucker,  Daniel  Thompson,  Simon  Watson.  John 
Whilsker,  K.  Whitaker,  John  Wiogler  and  others  vhose  names  cannot 
be  given. 


The  Grat  thing  to  be  done  was  to  erect  a  log  cabin  in  which  to  live, 
•ndoBoally  these  hula  were  of  the  rudest  desoriptton.  They  were  often 
bailt  of  amoll  logs  or  poles,  and  often  tba  head  of  a  tall  man  would  swe«p 
the  nodding  above.  Short  men  and  women  were  fortunate.  Their  heads 
escsptd  the  bumpe  not  located  by  phrenologists;  and  then  again,  which 
wan  perhaps  a  more  important  coniiideration  in  view  of  the  alarming 
scarcity  of  victuals,  short  people  did  not  have  so  much  bony  surface  over 
which  to  spread  their  fleshinesi*.  Tsll  men  and  women  in  the  woods  wer« 
always  so  thin  that  dogs  would  follow  them,  thinking  no  doubt  that  they 
were  bones.  After  the  house  was  up.  the  men  (and  women,  too)  worked 
day  and  night  to  prepare  a  "truck  patch."  Potatoes,  garden  "  sass," 
corn  and  a  few  acres  of  wheat  were  the  first  consideration))  of  an  agricult- 
ural character.  The  men  would  cat  down  the  trees,  cut  snd  roll  the 
lugs,  and  the  women  would  bum  the  brush.  Ten  o'clock  at  night  often 
found  them  thus  engaged.    Deer  were  everywhere,  and  venison  was  in 


almost  ereryhooBe.  Some  n«re  not  followers  of  Ntmrod  and  did  not' 
try  to  hunt,  hot  they  could  easil;  get  venieon  of  [ho«e  who  did.  Rattle- 
8iiakt.*B  wcrv  ua  tliick  u  pioneer  cliildrcn.  A  large  ilea  i>f  thorn  vas  dia- 
covered  in  «,u  opetung  on  Stone  Ridue  in  1824.  The  repulnive  reptiles 
were  forced  out  and  killed  by  hundreds  during  the  period  of  severKl  years. 
On  Section  16  was  an  Indian  burying  ground.  It  consisted  of  a  njound 
of  eartb,  and  when  opened  in  IUST,  by  John  Brown  and  Isaac  Skolton 
(twoofthe  brarest  men  that  could  bo  found),  six  Indian  skeletons  were 
diitclosod,  uaoh  ropusing  in  a  stone  coffin,  made  by  placing  list  atones  up 
endwise,  and  then  uthera  over  the  top.  The  akeletMna  were  left  undis- 
larbed,  aod  the  mound  was  rebuilt.  The  old  settlera  did  not  care  to 
be  haunted  like  Macbeth  by  the  spirit  of  .some  ferocious  and  re?ongoful 
old  warrior. 

The  &ni  mill  in  the  township  was  a  small  corn-cracker,  erected  on  the 
weet  bank  of  Rhodes'  Creek,  by  Benjamin  Gray,  in  1836.  It  wxs 
operated  by  water-power,  and  owing  to  the  lack  of  that  propelling  cle- 
ment, could  run  only  about  three  months  of  the  year,  during  the  spring 
montlift.  When  a  heavy  shower  came  up  during  aoy  other  month,  (be 
owner  would  drop  all  other  business,  and  operate  the  mill  to  its  fullest 
capacity  aa  long  as  there  was  sufficient  water  to  conduct  it.  It  did  not 
run  many  years.  .4fler  a  few  years,  horse  mills  were  adopted  in  other 
portions  of  the  township,  by  Solomon  Knoy,  George  Pottorff  (who  had 
served  in  the  war  of  1F(12),  Jacob  Biillen  and  others.  Many  steam  saw 
mills  have  been  couducti'dfroin  time  to  time  in  later  years  in  different  por- 
tions of  the  township. 


If  any  term  of  school  was  taught  in  the  township  prior  to  18S0,  such 
fact  is  not  now  known.  In  that  year  the  6rst  school  edifice  of  the  town- 
ship was  built  by  Solomon  Wateon,  John  Reeves,  Daniel  Stevens,  Will- 
iam Mannon,  Sr.,  and  John  Brown,  nn  the  line  between  Sections  16  and 
17.  Hickory  and  nsh  poki»  were  used  in  the  constructiou.  The  rouf  waa 
of  rought  hewed  planks,  hold  in  their  place  by  heavy  poles  fastened  on 
with  wooden  pins.  The  hrc-place  could  take  in  a  huge  log  six  or  eight 
feet  in  length,  and  was  built  of  limestone,  and  sent  its  roaring  flames  and 
smoke  up  a  tall  stick-and-raud  chimney.  Slab  seats  were  fashionable,  but 
not  soft.  The  first  pedagogue  was  Stephen  F.  Hancock.  Ha  handled 
his  hickory  gad  like  a  sword-pUyor.  But  hiit  system  was  to  educate  as 
well  as  to  stimulate.  Tlie  latter  exceeded  the  former,  not  becauHe  there 
was  an  abundance  of  gads,  but  beoauae  there  was  not  an  abundance  of 
books  or  even  of  scholars.  The  school,  despite  these  drawbacks,  was  r^ 
gardcd  OS  a  surprising  success.  In  the  following  three  or  four  years, 
other  schools  of  a  similar  character  were  established  in  the  southern  part 
of  the  townahip,  in  the  eastern  part,  in  the  northeastern  part  and  in  the 
northwestern  part.  District*  were  divided  and  subdivided  as  lime  passed 
and  as  the  center  of  settlement  in  neighborhoods  shifted.  The  first 
houses  were  togs,  but  after  the  school  law  of  1852,  which  provided  a  fund 
by  tax  upon  property,  frame  houses  took   their  place.     Several  brick 


Immbos  hsTfl  bean  boilt  of  Ut«  years.     Nov  there  Breseveo  or  eight  astab- 
lialMd  schoob.     Ashland  is  above  the  arerage  ia  mailers  of  vducatioa. 


The  Samaria  Baptist  Church  was  organised  in  1830.  the  first  mcai< 
hers  baiDg  Street  Cox,  John  Browa  and  their  fainilies  only.  The  first 
meetiegs  were  held  in  the  hoosei  of  ibcu  ol>i  settlers,  bat  later  in  Achool- 
bonsea,  and  stilt  later  in  iheir  church.  The  Trustees  in  183A  were  Levi 
Whiuker,  William  Mannoo.  Grafton  B.  Whittker  and  Elijah  Banra. 
Aboot  this  time,  Darid  Gibbon  donated  about  an  acre  of  land  for  a 
diureh,  which  was  eoon  erected.  The  old  Libertr  Church  wfts  built  in 
1888,  on  Section  10.  hy  David  Gray.  Sr.,  S.  W.  Young,  Ephraim  Goaa, 
Daniel  Y.  Smith.  John  Brown  and  others.  The  carpenters  were 
Fred  Caveneiw  and  Henry  York.  This  wu  ihe  first  frame  build- 
ing in  the  township.  So  rapid  did  this  congregation  grow  that 
In  1847  the  membership  numbered  over  20(1.  It  was  the  leading 
church  of  all  that  vicinity  for  years,  and  is  yet  in  existence, 
thoogh  greatly  changed.  Many  of  the  leading  Christian  families  of  the 
township  have  worshiped  in  this  building.  Temporary  church  organisa* 
tions  were  establLihe^l  in  xevrral  portions  of  the  township  during  the 
thirtiM,  forties  and  fifties,  and  indeed  up  t^i  the  present.  Sohoolhouses 
were  the  churches.  Much  good  was  accomplished  by  theae  small  claasea, 
which  eavo  localities  without  other  churches  a  place  to  attend  and  wor- 
ship. The  Balem  Lutheran  Church  iias  orgunixed  in  the  thirties,  among 
the  leading  families  being  those  of  David  Seachrist,  Adam  Lingle,  Amos 
Myer*,  Jacob  Seochnst.  Felix  Seachrisl.  Enoch  Myers,  George  Lech- 
enbill  and  John  Wingler.  This  church  was  large  and  prosperons  for 
muiy  years.  At  present  there  are  five  church  organimtious  in  the  town- 
ship, which  can  he  said  to  the  credit  of  the  citizens. 


This  is  a  small  villaso  near  the  Owen  County  lino,  started  op  many 
you*  ago.  It  was  first  Icnown  as  SheasvUle,  and  haji  usually  contained 
about  a  doien  families.  A  store  and  poet  office  have  been  there  the  most 
of  the  tiow,  also  a  blacksmith  shop,  wagon  shop,  coopor  ithop  and  milliner 
shop.  Sereral  prominent  physicians  reeide  there.  A  church  and  a  res- 
ident pastor  adds  dignity  ana  piety  to  the  unpretentious  little  Tillage. 
The  name  Lewisville  was  applied  s  number  ofrears  ago  to  a  small  collec- 
tion of  hootiea  half  a  mile  eaul  of  Alaska.  The  latter  town  is  not  as 
[rigid  as  its  name  would  seem  to  imply. 

THIS  fine  tract  of  country  van  not  settlei)  as  soon  aa  tbo8«  portions 
along  the  ri»«r.  The  real  influx  of  pioneers  occiirre<i  in  the  thir. 
ties,  but  about  six  ur  seven  f&milie^  appeared  for  permaiieiii  reai<leiice  late 
in  the  twenties.  The  first  faToilies  wer«  those  of  Solomon  Duaegan, 
Allen  K.  Seston,  Charles  D.  Scuton,  I'hilip  A.  FuxvTorthjr,  Daniel  Smith, 
John  Williams  and  others.  Solomon  Duneg&n  was  perhaps  the  first  per- 
manent settler  in  the  township.  He  was  a  Haptiat  minister,  and  came 
from  South  Carolina  in  1826,  and  purchased  a  tract  oflanii  since  known 
an  the  Thomu)  Wilhitc  farm.  He  becnun;  a  very  influential  man  id  the 
township,  wan  strictly  moral  and  did  a  great  <Ieal  Tor  the  early  i;hurcheti  in 
hia  vicinity.  Philip  Foxworthy  came  to  the  towoahip  in  1K27  or  1B28, 
and  entered  eighty  acrea  of  land  upon  which  he  erected  a  hewed-loj;  cabin. 
This  was  on  the  Jefi*  Wooden  farm.  He  had  a  rough  time  clearing  his 
Brat  land,  worked  day  and  night,  and  wn«  assisted  by  his  wife,  who 
burned  brush.  Uia  uoureat  noighbora  were  Solomon  Dunegan,  the  Ship- 
leysi  and  Joseph  Moeer.  In  1^29,  he  had  a  few  hogs  of  which  he  thought 
a  great  deal,  They  had  cost  him  hard  labor,  and  he  was  careful  to  have 
them  properly  marked  with  "an  tinder  half  crop  in  the  right  ear  and 
a  awallow  Fork  in  the  left."  They  ran  wild  in  the  woods,  requiring  no 
feeding  other  than  the  rich  and  abundant  maet  of  nuts,  iwigs.  herbs,  etc., 
which  covered  the  forest  ground  at  all  seasons  of  the  year,  especially 
during  the  fall.  So  abundant  was  thift  mast  that  ho^  feeding  eXL'luHively 
on  it  often  attained  a  weight  of  200  pounds.  But  they  generally  were 
poorer,  and  when  designed  for  the  market  or  for  home  consumption  were 
usually  fed  corn  iu  addition  to  the  maat.  £very  few  weeks  they  were 
carefully  looked  op,  especially  if  tliey  had  been  missing  for  a  few  days. 
The  owners  asualty  fed  them  a  little  corn  in  the  morning  for  the  purpose 
of  keeping  them  at  home  or  in  the  neighborhood  of  home.  Sometimes 
the  owner  did  not  care  to  take  the  trouble  either  to  feed  them  or  watch 
them.  They  then  wandered  off  into  the  depths  of  the  unsettled  woods  in 
quest  of  food,  and  quite  often  wore  lost.  Some  of  them  became  utterly 
wild,  especially  young  animals,  littered  out  in  the  woods,  far  from  any 
hoase.  TKey  would  run  like  wolves  through  the  brush  at  the  sound  of  a 
human  voice  or  the  sight  ofa  human  being,  and  it  was  often  necessary  to 
shoot  them  like  any  other  wild  animal  in  order  to  get  them.  When  they 
were  looked  up  to  be  marked  or  killed  late  in  the  fall,  they  were  often  so 
savage  that  they  were  managed  with  great  difficulty  and  danger.  They 
were  usually  enticed  iiitti  some  pen,  which  was  then  hastily  closed,  but 
the  process  of  enticing  Chem  was  often  unaccompanied  with  favorable  re- 
sulta  only  after  the  lapse  of  weeks  of  gradual  advances.  The  males  were 
extremely  savage,  with  tushes  sometimes  nix  inches  in  length,  and  when 
pushed  too  closely  would  turn  with  tigerish  ferocity  upon  man  or  dog. 


ntn  there  would  b«  r  scattering.  All  of  the  promm«nt  tulj  aettlen 
«be  owned  bogs  had  tL*>ir  iDdividuftl  »r-marl[i.  Solomon  Duncan's 
mkxk  was  "*  evftllow  fork  iu  the  l«ft  ear,  and  a  slit  in  the  right."  Hie 
Bomber  was  133,  ihowing  that  132  bad  established  before  him.  Mr. 
Pozworthy,  id  1929,  had  a  fine  drove  of  tut  tcrcfa.  One  night  tbey 
were  attacked  by  one  or  more  bears  where  Hall  now  is.  and  one  or  more 
of  ihem  was  killed  and  partly  consumed.  A  bear  did  not  stop  Idng  to 
ioqoire  the  name  of  the  owner  before  falling  upon  waadering  swine  and 
nAioK  K  iserr?  neal  of  them.  It  is  eren  donbted  whether  tbcj  cared 
KriooslT  who  the  owner  was.  Thej  probabW  thought  that  "poaeeaioo 
was  nine  points  in  law,"  and  accordingly  look  poeMMJoo  without  Airther 
eereraooy.  They  woald  mah  upon  a  drove  of  hogs,  seiie  one  by  the 
back  of  the  neck,  and  b^in  to  tear  with  teeth  and  claws  r^rdlese  of  the 
pteranB  death  cries  of  the  stnigglinff  victim.  In  a  few  minntes  the  bog 
woold  be  torn  topieeee,  and  would  tnen  furnish  a  sweet  reput  for  bruiit, 
Mr  Donegao  baa  bogs  killed  by  bears,  m  did  many  ochers  of  the  earliest 

Among  the  early  residents  was  John  Williams,  who  came  to  the  town- 
ship  in  1S30.     The  first  winter,  bis  own  and  two  other  families  lived  io  a 
log  oabin  18x18  feet,  and,  as  is  humoroosly  stated  by  sn  old  settler,  "  had 
room  to  spare  for  another  family."      The  men  workc<I  constantly  io   the 
woods.  Mr.  Seston  came  in  18^*3;  his  cabin  was  built  of  mund  logs,  had 
a  eUphoard  roof,  stick  and  clay  chimney,  huge  fire-place,  dirt  hearth  and 
a  loft   commanicated  with   by  a    pole  stairway.     Here    was   where   the 
Aildren  «lept.     Hin  Brst  stable  waa  built  of  rails,  and  his  oxen  were  as 
proad  as  could  be  expecte<].     They  were  not  "stuck  up  "  and  aristocratic 
as  cattle  are  oowadays.     They  chewed  the  cud  of  contentment  (that  was 
often  all  the  cud  tbey  had),  and  were  honest  in  all  their  dealings  with 
their   tnaater.     The    settlers  of  Oreea  (it  was  Adams   Township  then) 
obtained  their  mail  at  Mooresville.     They  paid  25  cents  for  a  tetter,  and 
Um  envdope  and  tetter  were  one  and  the  same  piece  of  paper.     Letter* 
were  appreciated  in  those  days,  and  people  when  they   wrote  letters    did 
not  oat  their  friends  off  with  a  hnlf  dozen  tines.     They  wrote  half  a  dozen 
pagM.  aiul  then  carefully  folded  them  with  a  blank   page  on  the  outside, 
orpoo  which  the  siiperacription  mtus  writleti.     Philip  Fox  worthy  claims  to 
have  planted  the  first  orchard  in  the  township.     The  apples  were  seed- 
liflga,  that  is.  theT  grew  from  the   seed   and   not   from    grafts.     Daniel 
Smith  settled  io  toe  cowoabip  in  1888.     During  the  following  winter  he 
cut  dow  n  seren  acres   of  timber  and   burned  the   bnufa.     Early   in   the 
rprins  he  npent  fonr  consecntirc  weeks  in  rolling  toga  for  hia  neighbors. 
and  to  tarn  ba<l  his  logs  all  nicely  rolled.     While  he  was  away  helping 
his  oeighbon  for  Eve  or  six  miles  aroand,  bis  wife  fioishod  burniug  brush 
at  home,  and  when  he  returned  of  nights  he  woald  work  until    10  or   11 
o'clock  at  night  "mendinn  tip  "  the  Srcs  which  she   had   started.     He 
would  also  split  rails,  during  the  time,   to  inclose   bin   first    little   field. 
Hnndrrds  of  such  incidents  might  be  narrated. 

latek  settlement. 
Among   the  residents  of  the  township  in  the  ibirtiee  were  the  follow- 
tng  men:  Jusboa  Wilhite,  John  Jonee,  Joseph  Rhodes,  Eli  Statcv,  Golds- 




bj  BIudIe.  Willikm  Hinkle,  Naihan  Ludlow.  Jacob  uid  Isaac  Crum, 
William  Pruitt,  John  R.  Robird*,  R.  S.  Fredtrick,  W.  W.  Philipa. 
AndenoQ  Williams.  V.  W.  H.  H.  Kioj;,  Joseph  Kicholiton,  Waxhingtoa 
Knigbt.  Frederick  Brewer,  C-  Marvin,  Uarlan  Stout,  David  Shields, 
Simon  Mood.  Abgah  Bray,  Samuel  IlHckett,  John  Moots,  William  Uar> 
vey,  S.  p.  Dooley,  Ezekiel  Dooiej,  William  Brewer,  Arcbib«l<i  Boyd, 
James  W.  Ford,  Hiram  W.  Williaina.  Noah  Wilhlte,  Frank  OirrisoD, 
Jeremiah  Stureeon,  S.  C.  Y^gsi'.  Maddox,  Harper,  Craven,  Bartholo- 
mew,  Kussoll  Wilhite,  John  CaTcness,  Joel  Kivctt,  Walker  Careneas, 
Iram  HtnBhaw,  James  Cummings,  Fred  Caveaeas,  Benoni  Pearoe,  Zaeha- 
riah  Ford,  Jackson  Jordnn,  Kil  Shipley.  Wilson  Moore,  Joseph  Moore, 
Aaron  KitcH,  Tanicch  Wilhite,  Itenrv  Wood,  George  Brovn,  John  Mur- 
pbey,  Enoch  Myers.  Tobias  Muser,  N.  B.  Brown,  John  Brown,  Andrew 
Kooy  and  many  others.  A  few  aflhis  list  never  resided  in  the  townnhip. 
They  owned  the  land  which  waa  afterward  conveyed  to  other  parties. 

POLL  TAX  1.I8T  OF  1842. 
Blijah  Allison^  Joseph  Applegate,  John  Brown,  Coleman  Brown, 
Rice  Brown,  William  Brown,  George  Brown,  Wiles  Bradley,  Lawrence 
Bradley,  Lancaster  Get],  John  Baldwin,  Frederick  Brewer.  J.  C-  Brewer, 
Francis  Cummings,  Thomas  Call&hao,  James  Cummings.  AVilliam  Dune- 
gan.  Silas  D.  Liooley,  Thomas  Edwarda.  James  Fittgeruld.  Tobias   Fer- 

?U3on,  William  Greenlee,  Jonathan  iladley,  Jeremiah  Hadley,  L'riah 
ladley,  Samuel  Harper,  William  Ilinshaw.  William  Halloway,  Jackson 
Jordan.  Joel  Kivett,  John  Lonu.  CUse  Marvin.  John  T.  McPhereon, 
Bryeon  Martin,  Daniel  McDaniei,  William  Maildox,  John  Motto,  Hugh 
Nichols,  John  Nichols,  Thomas  S.  Philips,  Milton  Philips,  Michael 
Praitt.  J.  H.  Philips.  James  Phili|)s,  G.  W.  Shake.  Allen  Beaton,  Daniel 
Smith,  Harlan  Stout,  John  Sotten,  W.  M.  Wellman,  .John  Whitakcr, 
Hiram  Willianas,  John  WillinmH.  Joshua  Wilhite,  John  Wilson.  Aatod 
Wilbitc,  Oran  WilliamB,  Samuel  Wtlhite  and  Rnssell  Wilhite. 


The  township  oT  Gregg  has  three  spots  that  are  called  villages. 
Wilbur  and  Hcrbemont  are  of  a  lato  origin,  and  consist  of  one  or  two 
stores,  a  blacksmith  or  two,  u  car]icntcr..a  saw  mill,  a  poet  office,  and 
from  a  half  duzen  to  Gfteon  familiea.  The  only  village  of  note  is  Halt. 
The  first  residences  there  were  built  long  before  the  town  was  thought  of. 
Philip  Foxworthy  and  Michael  Pruitt  both  erected  dwellings  ihere.8ooa 
after  1880.  The  town  really  started  about  the  year  1851  or  lBd2.  A 
man  named  Breedlove  erected  a  storehouse,  and  he  and  a  Mr.  Porter, 
under  the  partnenhip  name  of  Porter  &  Brecdlove,  placed  therein  about 
$1,.')00  north  of  a  general  aB-sorlment  of  guods.  The  store  soon  at* 
traded  a  few  families,  and  soon  a  blackeniitli,  a  carpenter  and  other 
tradesmen  appeared.  Mr.  Brewer  had  some  interest  in  the  store  of  Por- 
ter &  Brecdlove.  John  Whicakcr  opened  a  store  soon  afterward.  Jacob 
Stogsdill  was  connected  with  him.  John  Williams  and  Benjamin  Young 
began  selling  grvods  Bi>me  time  afterward.  After  them,  from  time  to  time, 
in  about  the  order  here  given,  the  fnllowing  merchants  were  present  in  the 
village  ;  Brewer  &  Mattox,  Joshua  Wilhite.  Col.  Hendricks,  A.  J.  McCoy, 

sparks  &  Hendricks.  John  B.  Jolinaon,  Milton  Joboson,  Frank  Phitipa, 
Philips  &  Co.,  Philips  k  Brown,  auil  Henr^  Brown  at  present.  Rader 
k  Wtlhite  erected  a  saw  mill  at  Hull  in  about  the  ;ear  1869.  which  i» 
vet  in  sQcecBsful  operation.  The  grist  mill  was  bniU  in  187d  bj  Long  & 
WiUiile  at  a  cost  of  about  SS.dOU.  It  h  jet  running,  and  is  doing  n  fair 
bsainees.  Mechanics  nnd  artieans  have  held  forth  from  time  to  tim«. 
TI]«  TilUgo  and  Tioinity  has  u  braaa  band  which  look  the  eecond  premium 
al  the  count;  Mat  on  tlie  4th  of  July,  1SS3.  The  vilUgeniare  fr«(|uentl7 
rcgkted  with  strains  of  eweet  miuic.  Perhaps,  too,  the  birds  of  the  air, 
thu  beasts  of  the  field,  and  even  the  trees  and  nhruba  gather  around  to 
listen  to  the  divine  melodj  as  they  did  in  mythotogio  time  to  the  music 
IKWO  the  harp  of  Orpheus.  Hntl  was  not  liiid  out  until  the  autumn  of 
1861,  St  which  timu  Juhn  P.  ftadvr,  Xoali  Wilbile,  Michael  Fruitt  and 
Jeffnson  H.  Woodsmiitl  employed  a  surreyor  and  laid  out  ten  blocks, 
•erenil  of  them  being  large  and  the  others  small.  The  village  is  on  Sec- 
tion 21.  Township  13  north,  Range  1  nest,  and  hns  had  a  population  as 
high  M  200. 


The  finit  school  in  the  towniihip  wns  taught  near  Ilall,  but  when  it 
«aa  or  what  the  teacher's  name  was  cannot  be  stated.  It  was  not  far 
from  the  Tear  1HS4.  The  children  of  Solomon  Dunegao.  Philip  Fox- 
wonhj,  JoMph  Moter,  John  WilliamB.  Daniel  Smith,  Allen  Seatoo  and 
others  atteooed  the  achool.  A^er  a  few  years,  prolahiy  about  1838,  a 
log  seboolhouse  wits  erected  in  the  northern  part  of  the  township,  which. 
for  many  years,  was  the  principal  seat  of  learning.  Schools  were  started 
in  the  eastern  and  soathem  portions  about  1S40,  or  rery  soon  thonnfler. 
In  1840,  if  reports  are  reliable,  there  were  only  throo  established  nchooli 
in  the  township,  and  one  of  them  wiu*  not  in  a  hous«  that  had  been  built 
fxprmily  for  M:hool  purpoaeti.  A  dwelling  which  had  been  vaotteil  was 
transformed  into  a  tetnple  of  learning.  During  the  forties,  several  new 
huuses  were  erected,  and  by  I860  there  were  live  or  six  good  schools. 
Now  there  are  seven  schoolhouaes. 

The  Mount  Pleannt  Christian  Church  at  Hall  wait  organized  in  the 
thirtiFo.  arid  about  the  year  1841  the  first  church  was  erected.  Among 
the  early  members  were  the  familien  of  Richard  L.  Frederick,  Joshua 
Wilhitc.  Bryson  Martin.  Noah  Wilhile.  John  Williams  and  others.  The 
class  is  yet  in  existence,  and  has  its  second  building.  A  Methodist  clasa 
waf  organised  in  the  scboolhoutc  near  Hall  late  in  the  thirties,  the  lead* 
ing  members  being  Michael  Pruitt.  Tamech  Wilhite,  Thomas  Callahan, 
Hiram  WitliMBB,  J.  S.  Phelps.  Daniel  McDaniel  and  Thomas  Edwards. 
Their  church  was  built  in  the  fortien,  on  land  that  had  been  donated  by 
Uiebael  Pmitt.  The  Harmony  Methodist  Church  ytu  orgooiied  late  in 
the  forties,  or  early  in  the  fifties,  and  meetings  were  held  at  iichoolhouaes 
and  at  the  residences  of  the  members-  Rev.  Dane  is  said  to  have  organ* 
ited  the  class.  Among  the  members  were  Terrell  Hinson,  Moses  Dooley, 
Jmm  Griffith,  Simon  Cersley,  Abraham  Long,  Stephen  L.  Dane,  John 
Paatkner.  James  Mason,  George  Kirkham  and  Marshall  E.  Dane.  The 
chorch  WM  built  at  Wilbur  Inte  in  the  fifties.  Several  other  church  wr- 
ganiiations  have  flourished  in  the  township. 





IT  is  eortsitt  that  Abner  Cox  was  the  first  p«nnftncnl8cttl«r  in  Madison 
Towimhi]).  Other  fatnities  had  lived  there  before  liio  appenrnnce,  as. 
vhen  he  nme,  he  founii  nide  cabins,  or  rather  bark  wigwams,  where 
while  people  ha(]  temporarily  resided.  It  is  well  known  that  the  van- 
guard of  civilisation  was  a  rude  class  of  hardj  white  people,  who  seemed 
capable  of  leading  a  comFortublf,  ut  leasi  a  satisfactory  life,  remote  from 
settled  commuDitiei.  At  the  Snt  appearanco  of  permanent  settlers,  the 
country  became  too  densely  popnlated  for  these  hunt«rs  nnd  their  families, 
whereupon  they  took  up  their  march  twenty  or  thirty  miles  out  into  the 
Irackleds  forest,  where  iheir  only  companions  were  the  Indiana  nnd  a 
multitude  of  wild  animals.  They  were  the  ones  who  made  game  scarce 
at  the  time  of  the  permanent  aettlcmont.  BeurH  had  almost  wholly  dig* 
appeared,  driven  away  by  the  inroada  of  thes«  experienced  hnntera. 
Deer  were  still  numerous,  hut  not  that  superalinn dance  found  by  the 
squatter^  as  the  leinpprary  resident's  were  called,  from  the  fact  of  their 
not  owning  the  land  upon  which  they  resided.  There  wa«  scarcely  a 
township  that  did  not  have  these  earlier  residents.  Id  1821,  AbnerCox, 
with  his  large  family,  came  to  the  township,  lu  has  been  stated,  for  per- 
manent residence.  He  entered  conKiderablu  land  in  the  northern  part, 
and  built  ^  log  cabin  about  eighteen  feet  s>)Uare,  without  floor  of  any  kind 
except  earth,  without  door  or  window  except  the  apertures  over  which 
were  bung  blanket^,  and  without  roof  except  a  leaky  one  of  rude  clap- 
boards hastily  bew»d  out  with  a  broadiuc  from  some  soft  wood.  A  huge 
chimney  made  of  sticks,  stones  and  clay  completed  this  typical  pioneer 
dwelling.  It  is  stated  that  when  the  Beelem  or  other  families  came  to 
that  neighborhood  soon  afterward,  they  were  all  accommodakn]  at  this 
cabin — to  the  number  of  about  twenty.  The  beds  were  civen  to  tlie 
women  and  children,  and  the  men  deposited  themselves  oa  the  floor.  It 
is  humarously  told  that  the  flour  was  so  thick  with  them  that  when  morn- 
ing came,  the  one  nearest  the  door  waa  obliged  to  rail  out  of  doora  in 
order  to  give  the  others  a  chance  to  move.  After  about  a  dozen  had 
rolled  out,  there  was  then  room  enough  to  breathe.  How  would  you  like 
this,  dear  reader  f 


Thomas,  George  H.  and  Joseph  Beeler  came  and  entered  land  id 
1821.  The  former  aderwanl  became  the  first  Clerk  and  Ilecnrder  of  the 
county.  They  located  in  the  Cox  neighborhood.  Joseph  Henshaw  lo- 
cated in  the  northeast  comer  in  1821.  The  Landera  family  came  in 
1822  and  erected  cabins  near  Mr.  Cox.  James  Curl,  John  Sell^t,  Thomas 
Dee,  Joseph  Friuiier.  William  McDowell,  James  Basket,  Jesse  McCoy, 
David  Price,  Joseph  Sims,  John  Hamiltoa.  John  Barns  and  others  came 


in  1821  or  1922.  Thew  men.  except  a  few  who  <lid  nol  resiilc  in  the 
townahip,  locutcU  ia  ttic  iiortljcin  fmlf,  and  by  1823  the  Cox  BCtllt'ini-iit 
wu  populous  ajid  prosperous.  Other  early  wttlers  were  Robert  Furnace, 
Frroerick  Beeler,  Kdward  R.  Watson.  Aaron  MendeDhall,  John  and 
Thomas  McNabb,  Solomon  and  Francis  Edmund-ion.  Stepben  McPher- 
stm.  Solomon  Steel,  Levi  Carpenter,  Jolm  Spray.  Daniel  Vort,  John  and 
Enoch  Sumners,  Daniel  Stephens.  Charles  Ilicklin.  Michael  and  John 
Carpenter.  John  Moffctt.  Levi  Plummcr,  Charles  Kitchen.  Alien  Field 
and  many  oiheri.  The  [wll  tax  payer*  in  1842  were  William  Allen,  Hugh 
Boyd.  M.  1'.  Bradley,  Reuben  Burcham.  W.  A.  Blair,  John  Beasley, 
Martin  Barns,  William  Blackwell,  Philip  Ballarxl.  Uaac  Clark,  Philip 
Chubb,  Abn«r  Coble.  M.  W.  Carpent«r.  J.  M.  Carpenter,  Jacob  Coble, 
Fielding  Ciirpent«r.  Levi  Carpenter.  Larkin  Cox.  Levi  Cassadj.  Isaac 
CftnadT.  John  Caoadr,  William  Dorinan,  Jamc«  B.  Dar««,  JesM  ET&ns, 
Evan  Evans.  A.  R.  Fowler,  Jercmiab  Garret,  Gilea  Garret,  John  Garret, 
Michael  tioodpostore.  Dnnicl  Gregory,  John  Hasty,  Allen  Uioklin, 
Henry  HofFnian,  Mardook  llaaty.  Robert  Jlenderson,  John  House, 
Thomas  Hiclclin,  Nelson  Howe,  Abner  Jessnp,  Honrr  Knox,  William 
Kqoz.  Samuel  Knox.  Nelson  King.  George  Kiichen.  Sloses  Lear.  John 
R.  Lieathers,  Thomas  Leatherfi,  Madijon  Leathers,  Abner  Lowe,  Jamts 
Leathers,  Langford  Leathers.  James  Landers,  William  Lande^.^  Mathias 
Lamben,  Martin  Lon;;,  John  Morgan,  T.  H.  Moreland.  John  Mendenhall, 
Isaac  Mendenhall,  John  McNabb,  Thomaa  McNsbb.  Thomas  Mills,  Wil- 
Ua  Martin,  James  Morton,  James  Morgan,  William  Myers,  Willinm  Mor- 
gan, Jr..  Henry  McNahb.  Andrew  J.  McNubb.  Andrew  MoNabb,  Aaron 
Mendenhall,  William  Parker,  George  Perkypile,  David  Perkypile.  Abner 
Roas,  John  Roe,  James  Reynnhh.  RichArd  Rivers.  Gabriel  Sione,  John 
Stooe,  John  Scott,  Henrr  and  John  V.  Swearingen,  John  Simpson.  Rob- 
ert Sanders,  James  Sanders,  George  Sanders.  G.  W,  Swearingcn,  James 
Stokesbury.  R.  T.  Steel,  Marlillus  SiiiDmers.  Daniel  Vert,  Joseph 
Thompson,  Thomas  Tinsloy,  Blufert  Tinaley.  Jesse  Thompson,  William 
Woodward.  Thomas  Woodward,  William  West,  Richard  Wilkins  and 
Goram  Worth. 


It  is  interesting  to  draw  contrasts  between  the  old  times  and  the  prea- 
ent.  The  &rmer  was  not  as  well  equipped  with  agricultural  implements 
as  now.  Com  was  planted  and  almost  wholly  cultivated  with  the  hoe. 
A  man  who  could  raise  eight  or  ten  acres  of  corn  had  a  large  (ictd.  If  b« 
had  three  or  four  boys  and  as  many  women,  he  could  manage  (o  cultivate 
saoceasfally  about  that  number  of  acres.  Even  the  hoes  were  not  as 
bright  and  hard  as  now.  Often  they  were  wooden.  The  binls  and 
■quurets  were  so  numerous  and  voracious  that  the  farmer  had  to  guard 
hii  corn  crop  constantly.  Wheat  was  Mwn  bmaflcsst  and  very  often  har- 
rowad  in  by  hand  or  by  brushes  pulled  around  bv  horses  or  oxen.  All 
riaping  was  done  with  the  historic  old  sickle,  think  of  it !  Leas  than 
fif^  yean  ago  the  old  sickle  that  had  been  in  use  from  time  immemorial, 
baa  been  aHe<l  in  Egypt  before  the  pyramids  were  built,  had  been  used  in 
tht  6alda  of  Boat  long  before  the  Christian  era.  in  fact  had  been  in  use  at 
each  a  remote  period  in  the  history  of  the  world,  long  before  authentic 
history  b^tan,  that  the  myth*  and  &bte«  of  barbarous  man  reveal  its 




exiat«ncc.  For  thousands  oF  years  it  had  beeo  the  only  reaper.  Labor 
had  lost  dignity,  if  it  ever  poss^se^l  any,  in  olden  times  in  the  minds  of 
mui,  and  invention  was  not  permitted  to  interfere  vith  implements  vhose 
ase  WAS  sanctioned  by  the  Deity.  Personal  liHertv,  vith  wealth  and  In- 
dependence in  view,  was  limited  to  the  domain  ot  a  serfdom  constantly 
! guarded  by  tbe  blind  and  uii^crupulous  opuloat.  None  but  fterfs  were 
armers.  Children  were  compelled  to  conform  to  caste  and  follow  the 
ocoupation  of  their  lathem.  Personal  fitness  was  undreamed  of.  For  the 
poor  to  be  ambitious,  aspiring  and  intelligent  was  a  disobedience  of  the 
organic  law  and  a  sacri]e;*o  beyond  the  power  of  repentance.  No  wonder 
that  agncnltuff  made  no  advance,  and  that  the  m'lclo  of  barbarous  man 
was  unimproved  by  intellij^eace.  It  i<i  les^i  than  fifty  ye»ra  ago  that  the 
old  cradle  came  into  general  use.  Farmers  considered  it  a  model  of  ase- 
fulness  and  a  Godsend.  It  is  a  remarkable  fact  that  as  s(»n  as  the 
Dobility  of  labor  was  gQnerally  conceded — only  fil^y  or  sixty  yeara  ago, 
and  in  the  United  States — the  direction  of  invention  was  changed  to  that 
channel,  and  the  stimulation  to  rapid  and  eztitnaire  agriculture  revived 
every  other  pursuit,  and  led  to  thoaaands  of  contrivances  to  i{uickty  save 
the  crop  and  safely  transport  it  to  the  consumer.  The  application  of 
Btesm  to  a  movable  engine  was  due  to  the  demand  for  quick  transports* 
tion  of  farm  products.  Hence  came  thai  wonder,  the  railroad.  As  soon 
as  labor  became  no  longer  ignoble,  the  rapidity  of  the  invention  of  farm 
machinery  became  marvelous.  Now  the  furmer  can  sit  as  independent 
as  a  king  (he  is  the  only  one  truly  independent  when  he  has  a  g»i)d  f&rm. 
good  habits  and  h  out  of  debt),  and  almost  see  hta  crops  sown  and  har- 
vested  by  machinery  before  his  eyes.  The  farmer  boy  who  has  a  good 
farm  is  foolish  to  leave  it  and  rush  off  to  the  city  to  oontraot  vices  that  will 
kill  him  and  possibly  damn  him.  "Stick  to  the  farm  and  it  will  stick 
to  you," 


There  wat  scarcely  a  family  that  liiJ  not  liabitnally  have  venison.  The 
poorest  hunter  could  occasionally  kill  a  deer,  but  the  old  huutem,  those  who 
did  little  else  but  hunt,  were  in  the  habit  of  famishing  such  families  witb 
deer  meat.  The  Beelera  wore  quite  prominent  in  tneir  locality.  The 
girls  Were  m  fearless  as  the  boys.  It  is  said  that  two  of  them  on  one 
occasion  saw  a  bear  in  the  woods,  and  while  one  remained  to  wat«h  the 
animal  the  other  hurried  to  the  men,  who  were  in  the  woods  near  by,  to 
apprise  them  of  the  discovery  and  hurry  them  out  to  kill  >[r.  Bruin. 
What  the  outcome  waa  cannot  bo  stated.  One  day,  a  transient  mao 
naraod  Capp,  in  the  western  part  of  the  township,  was  chopping  in  the 
woods  when  ho  discovered  a  bear  near  him.  He  Instantly  gavo  the  alarm, 
and  dogs  were  put  upon  the  trail.  The  bear  made  lively  tracks,  running 
througii  the  hushes  and  tumbling  over  rail  fences  that  were  in  the  way. 
The  dogs  soon  carae  up  with  it,  and  in  a  few  minutes  several  men  also, 
one  of  whom  fired  and  wounded  the  animal.  On  it  went,  pursued  by 
dogs  and  men,  and  soon  another  shot  wounded  it  again.  One  of  the  men 
was  10  excited  that  when  he  fired  he  missed  the  hear  and  wounded  one  of 
the  dogs.  The  third  shot  killed  the  bear,  which  was  divided  out  in 
the  neighborhood  for  cunsuinptioD. 


Tlio  first  school  in  tbe  township  was  taught  io  L828.  «ither  in  the 
dwelling  of  Abaer  Cox  or  io  «  viicant  log  ilwellinc  standlne  owr.  The 
fint  t«acher  was  one  of  the  Boulur  girls  ;  she  baa  a  school  of  eight  or 
tea  acholars.  The  second  school  vhh  taugbi  in  the  nurthBast«m  part  of 
tbe  lowDship  about  IS^.  and  aii'^ther  soon  afterward  in  tbe  aorthw«st«ra 
corner.  The  fir»t  »choolho(ue  was  built  in  the  Cox  neighborhood  in 
•boat  lt)2T.  The  first  teacher  ia  this  house  is  no  longer  remembered. 
Tbe  second  schoolhouse  was  built  south  of  the  gravel  road  in  the  weHtern 
pATt  not  far  from  1'6'iO,  and  about  the  flame  time  one  or  two  more  were 
•raoted  in  the  township.  The  first  old  houbo,  above  mentioned,  had 
greftscd  paper  for  windows,  and  a  big  fire-place  of  cours«.  Tho  lumber 
r>r  the  iiesks  and  seats  was  obtained  at  Moon's  saw  mill  in  Brown.  In 
1640,  there  were  five  schools  in  the  township.  In  1943,  the  school  law 
eune  into  effect,  by  which  public  money  was  raised  by  taxation  to  b« 
tiaed  in  the  maintenanoe  of  ecbools.  All  schools  before  that,  or  nearly 
all.  bad  been  supported  by  aabacnption.  In  1852,  the  foundatioD  of  our 
pnttDt  school  syst«m  was  laid,  since  which  Madison  Township  has  hod 


No  other  portion  of  the  oonnty,  unless  it  ia  Brown  Township,  has  bet- 
ter fitcilitiea  for  religious  worship  than  Madiaou  Township.  It  haj  six 
or  seven  church  organizations  and  five  buildings.  As  early  as  1880,  the 
Baptists  had  an  organization  in  the  Dorthcrn  part,  the  leading  members 
being  William  Landem,  Andrew  McNadh.  Grimes  Drydeo,  John  Don- 
ham.  John  Biimani,  S.  B.  Parker.  Joshua  Cox,  JelTerson  Jonea.  John 
Bray.  William  Pope  and  otliera.     This  church  was  built  in  the  thirties. 

The  Ml  Gitead  Christian  Church  was  orgaoiaed  about  the  same  time, 
among  the  members  bvins  Enoch  Summers,  Darid  McCarty,  Samuel  B. 
Doree,  and  aome  of  the  McNabbs.  The  ground  for  the  church,  which 
was  boilt  late  in  the  thirtiee,  was  donated  by  Thomtis  McNabb. 

Tbe  Siloam  Methodist  Church  was  organized  in  the  thirties,  among 
the  early  members  being  Joel  Jesfiup.  Reubon  Burcham,  Samuel  Pfos, 
Hugh  Boyd.  Charles  Allvn.  John  Iiiman.  John  Bingham,  J.  M.  Jackson 
and  Aaron  Thurman.  Tliia  church  was  built  early  in  the  forties.  Later 
members  were  Jamen  i^lokcsbunf,  Abncr  Jeseup,  Jesse  Baker,  William 
Allen,  and  T.  G.  Beharrell,  pastor.  The  Centenary  Methodist  Chnroh 
was  of  a  later  date,  as  was  the  Mt.  OUve  Methodist  Church. 





THE  second  wtllement  of  t1>e  coantv  wits  in  Gr«en  Township.  In  the 
apriDg  of  1819,  J&metStotte,  Willfam  OSiel<I.  Hintm  T.  Cr»ig.  Dftni«l 
Higgins,  Nimnxl  Stone  anti  two  ottien  came  from  Lawrence  County,  and 
located  fenns  on  &  snoftU  streara  which  was  named  in  honor  of  Jaraea 
Stotts.  As  soon  as  the  farms  were  suked  out.  all  of  the  settlers  except 
Mr.  Stotu  surted  back  to  Lawrence  Count;  to  briof;  oat  loads  of  wed- 
ooro  and  wheat,  vegetables,  prorisions.  household  implements,  and  to 
drive  one  ho;;8,  sheep  and  cattle.  Of  theee  seven  6rst  settlers  of  Gt^en 
Township.  Craig  ana  Stotts  were  the  nnly  two  single  men  of  the  partj. 
The  following  is  quoted  from  Mr.  Craig'n  reminiscencee  of  the  trip  hack  : 
High  water  prevented  our  return  aa  soon  as  we  anticipated,  but  we 
fio&Ilj  concluded  to  try  the  plan  of  loading  our  baggage  on  a  two-horse 
wagon,  oonsidering  it  earner  oa  our  horses  than  to  load  them  with  such 
heavy  packs,  as  much  of  our  route  lay  through  a  dense  wilileruass,  it 
btiing  the  same  old  trace  we  hud  first  traveled,  ami  the  r»a<l  hail  to  be  cot 
M  aR  to  admit  the  passage  of  a  wagon,  which  made  our  progress  very  slow, 
so  that  the  noon  of  the  second  day  found  ua  still  on  Little  Salt  Creek. 
Here,  in  attempting  to  cross  an  insignificant  little  stream,  our  wagon  stuck 
fast  in  the  mud.  Our  only  chance  was  to  unload  the  wagon,  pry 
it  up  and  make  our  team  haul  it  out.  In  doing  ao,  we  had  to  make 
a  short  turn  and  unfortunately  broke  an  axletree.  Here  was  alix,  twenty 
miles  at  least  from  anv  shop  where  repairing  could  he  done.  The  only 
alternative  was  to  malEu  a  new  axlctrcc  from  the  green  timber  of  the 
forest.  All  hands  went  to  work  on  the  part  assigned  them.  Mine  was 
to  prepare  some  dinner.  I  will  give  the  bill  of  fare.  I  took  my  guni 
ana  in  leas  than  an  hour^  perhaps,  had  killed  nine  t&t  gray  st^uirrele.  I 
dressed  them  aa  nicely  as  any  lady  could  deeire,  and  put  them  to  boil  with 
a  sufficient  slice  of  fat  pork  and  some  salt  to  give  tbmn  the  proper  sea* 
soniug.  While  hunting  fur  the  8<tuLrrols,  I  had  discovored  near  the  oreek 
a  bountiful  crop  of  wild  onions  growing  ten  or  twelve  inches  high,  aod 
very  tender.  These  I  picked  and  cleaned,  cut  them  up  and  put  them  to 
the  pot  when  the  squirrels  were  done,  and  succeede^l  in  making  a  first-clasa 
pot  of  soup.  Thie  was  the  dinner,  and  it  vat  a  good  one-  By  the  ustial 
time  of  starting  next  morning,  our  repairing  wag  completed  after  a  fash* 
ioo,  and  we  proceeded  on  our  way.  But  our  newly  ma^e  axlelree  caused 
our  wagon  to  run  so  heavily  that  we  had  to  divide  the  load.  A  sack  oon- 
tainitlg  three  bushels  of  corn  seed  was  committed  to  my  charge  and  about 
the  same  amount  of  corn-meal  to  Mr.  OfSeld,  and  we  were  told  to  push 
on  and  not  wait  for  the  wagon.  We  wore  on  horseback,  and  upon  reach. 
ing  Big  Salt  Creek  wo  found  a  setttt^ment  and  were  told  to  lake  the  road 
for  BloomingtoQ.  Nothing  of  note  occurred  until  we  reached  Big  Indian 
Creek,  where  we  found  that  White  River  and  its  tributaries  were  on  a 



bttdtr.  OffieM  eonld  not  swim,  bat  Cnallj  m&ct  &  long  tim«  I  snccMded 
in  eurying  oar  lotdt  acrom  the  Mream  on  my  baci:.  crossing  on  loffs  knd 
ft  bMp  of  arifiwood  ibftt  bad  f(>raied  acrooa  tne  creek.  We  tool  dianer 
OB  Mr.  CitQDingbiim's  Unil  aorihessc  of  Martinsville,  and  in  the  evening 
nsdied  ibc  Betuemeot  on  Stott's  Cr««k,  wberc  we  found  evervthing  in 
good  ihkpe. 

Tbis  extract  la  quoted  from  Mr.  Craig's  writings  ta  illostratf  tbecom- 
■on  eiperience  of  the  earljr  settlers  in  coming  to  the  new  conntrr,  and 
ill  gotftg  from  pitce  t«  place  after  thej  bad  becoise  established  in  their 
new  bomea.  Af^er  Mr.  Craig  bud  been  out  a  short  litne.  Mr.  Ladd.  of 
Port  Bojal.  WM  charged  with  the  murdtr  of  a  stranger  wboM  corpse  wag 
foQDd  half  eaten  bv  woItcs  and  buzxarda  on  White  River  near  the  blu^. 
Tbe  prosecution  was  &Tored  bv  Mr.  Stotts,  Mr.  Craig  and  aereral  others 
who  were  proeeCDiicig  witnewe? ;  but  Mr.  Ladd  wa»  acquitted,  and  so 
slight  was  the  evidence  and  so  biit«r  had  been  the  prosecution  that  Mr. 
Ladd  commenced  aciion.  eilbtrr  for  libel  or  false  imprisonment,  and  seemed 
M  likelv  to  succeed  that  Mr.  Crsig  returned  hurricdlv  to  KeniuckT.  hie 
(ininer  nome,  and  Mr.  Stotte  and  others  effected  a  compromise  witb  the 
mjored  man,  and  tbos  the  matter  was  forever  dropped.  Tbe  stranger 
had  BO  doobt  been  killed  bjr  an  Indian. 


bnmediately  after  ibis  firei  settlement  on  Stntw  Credc.  others  began 
to  appear  and  locate  in  the  neigbborliood  and  farther  up  on  the  same 
stream  and  its  branches.  Earlj  settlerv  in  those  times  alwajs  sought  the 
streams,  which  were  tbe  great  commercial  highways  as  well  as  thcsoarcee 
of  water,  water-power  and  fresh  fiprings.  Among  tbe  earliest  settlers 
were  James  Stotls.  Robert  Stotts.  .\iidrt!w  Stotts.  H.  T.  Craig.  William 
Offield.  two  or  three  families  of  Lnughlins,  Zacbarish  Davee.  James 
£onie  (who  had  several  large  suns),  Thomas  Stockton.  Samuel  Speaks 
and  his  sons  Thomas  and  James,  William  Perr^-.  Andrew  Stevens,  John 
Pierce  (tbe  cooper),  John  Pierce  (the  blacksmith).  Elisha  Hamden,  Thomas 
Irons,  Jonathan  Williaois.  James  Shields.  Abe  nsmmons,  Jacob  nammonn, 
Jsaob  Case,  John  Dver,  John  Marker,  Edward  Jonea.  Peter  King,  Aaron 
HoUman.  and  a  little  tutier  H.  W,  Brazeale,  Henrj  Harper,  Benjamin 
Bryan,  W^hitigton  Duke.  James  and  Burthulomew  Carroll.  Daniel 
Drake,  Erastns  Robinson.  II.  M.  Collins.  J.  B.  Maxwell.  U.  W.  Williams. 
J.  S.  Wilson,  William  Lane,  Nathan  Laugblin,  Philip  Collins,  6.  Hob- 
lins.  James  Williams.  Gideon  C.  Drake,  J.  M.  Frazer,  Mahlon  Siirder, 
Joseph  Sanders,  Jacob  L.  Bromwcll.  H-  B.  Qreenwood,  William  Duke, 
John  and  .Anthony  Bruoaemer.  Jacob  Oroseluse  anil  many  others. 

THE    KILL  TAX    PAYERS   OF   1842. 

The  following  it  the  list  in  full :  Benjamin  Bryant,  Anthony  Bmnne- 
mer,  Tilford  Bailey,  Amos  Bailer,  Allison  Bailey,  Joseph  Boiler,  Hiram 
Brock,  S.  W.  Bream,  Richard' Bream,  B.  F.  Badgley,  Clark 'Badgley, 
Praocis  Badgley,  Nehemiab  Bailey,  William  Cumpton,  John  Clary, 
Philip  Collins,  John  Caldwell,  William  Carroll.  W.  H.  Carroll.  Ishmael 
CWrroll.  Liaac  Caldwell.  John  Cheat,  William  Cain.  W.  Creed,  Caleb 
Cobb,  Samuel  Carroll,  G.  W.  Cain,  U.  M.  Collins,  U.  B.  Childs,  J.  D. 



Dftris,  Caleb  Dav.  George  Douglass.  George  D&ria.  William  Day.  Wash- 
ington Duke,  frillinm  Duke.  George  Drake.  Daniel  Drake,  James 
EKl>«rt,  Jofliab  Eaton,  Archibald  Ennis,  T.  Eoaia,  Michael  Ennia,  Joaeph 
Elkirti.  Richard  Klkins.  Walker  Ennis.  David  Glkias.  Jamea  Ferreo, 
Bart  Ferren,  Adam  Flake,  William  Franklin,  Jack  Galloway.  J.  A. 
Grear.  James  Grear,  David  Oregnry,  Daniel  Gardner.  Ahrahnm  Huff, 
Levi  Uall.  William  Harper,  William  Hurhofl.  Eb  Henderson.  Jetta  Hen- 
derson. Henry  Harper.  Bolin  Harper.  Joseph  Johnson.  Peter  Kemper. 
Isaac  Knox,  William  Kinc,  Ker.  Peter  Klinger,  KaoBom  King,  Elijah 
Koonf^  William  Lewis.  J.  T.  Laughlin,  Thomsa  Laueblin,  J.  0.  Laugh* 
lin,  Samuel  Musaer,  W  H.  Mnltow.  Edward  Moon,  B.  C.  Moon,  Abra- 
ham McGrew.  Thomas  Miles.  B.  Mullijian,  Eli  Muserove.  Eliaha  and 
John  McGrew,  John  Moflfott,  J.  M.  Oliver,  Obcdiah  Perry,  William 
Perry,  Ijeonard  and  N.  B.  Palmer,  John  and  Nathan  Perry,  John  and 
Henry  Price,  James  Prather,  Artemas  Pringle,  Charlee  Robinson,  Eraetui 
Robinson.  William  and  Jamea  Robe,  George  Rule,  Charles  Rieharda, 
Anderson  and  R-  H.  Scroggin^,  John  and  J.  E.  Skaggs,  Thomas  Shields. 
Josiah  Stewart.  Samut^l  Scott,  James  Speftks.  James  Tracy.  James  Thomp- 
son, James  and  Jackson  Trent,  Seipio  Sedgwick,  Siiuon  Taylor,  Jamea, 
Lewis.  William.  PlcAAant  and  John  WlUiams.  [saac  Welch,  John  Watts. 
W.  L.  Waiman,  Arnold  Westfall  and  Jacob  Yount. 


Znchariah  Davee  owned  a  small  grist  mill  during  the  twenties.  It 
was  located  on  Stotis  Creek,  contained  a  small  set  of  nigger-head  buhrs. 
and  was  propelled  by  water  from  a  amall  log  dam.  In  about  1830,  the 
mill  paaaed  to  James  Enuis,  whocondacted  it  for  a  few  years.  Tliia  was 
probably  the  first  mill  in  the  towtifihip.  The  Hammona  owned  a  saw  mill 
for  a  short  time  in  early  years.  The  old  Hawkins  Mill  was  hoik  thir^- 
five  or  fortv  years  ago  by  an  enterprising  German,  who  soon  afWrwanl 
■old  it  to  Mr.  Hawkins.  It  did  good  work  in  its  day.  After  183d,  luuuh 
of  the  flour  woh  obtainud  at  Ficv's  mn.aiiDoth  grist  miLl  at  WaverW.  Salt 
was  obtained  at  Jackson's  Salt  Works  in  Monroe  County,  or  at  Martins- 
ville, Waverly,  or  at  other  towns,  at  82  per  bushel.  The  corn  and  pork 
were  sold  to  havers  on  the  river,  who  shipped  them  down  tu  Southern  mar- 
kets. People  dressed  in  buckskin,  or  linsey-woolsey  or  tow.  Clothing, 
shoes,  hats,  etc.,  were  manufactured  at  home  by  the  good  old  mothers. 
They  knew  how  to  make  the  spinning-wheeU  hum. 

The  township  watt  ouite  well  settled  by  1840.  Almost  erery  itection 
of  land  bad  its  log  cabin  and  its  email  clearing,  where  wheat,  com  and 
vegetables  could  be  seen  growing. 


Eight  or  ten  bears  wore  killed  in  the  township  in  early  years.  Zach- 
ariah  Davee  waa  a  succca-^ful  bear  hunter.  He  killed  twelve  or  fineeo.  but 
not  all  in  Green  Township.  He  owned  a  large,  savage  dog  that  waa 
thoroughly  trained  to  the  uses  of  its  master,  and  was  an  ally  upon  whom 
the  hunter  could  depend  in  an  emergency.  The  dog  bad  been  pretty 
well  used  up  in  encounters  with  benrs.  while  it  waa  yet  young  and  unsopbia- 
ticated,  in  the  embraces  of  thoae  animals  or  in  the  sweepmg  blows  from 

ooKf  mnsffip. 


■ad  had  nsortcd  to  euune  aa^eitj  to  mm  its  naarer  is  ndh 
■■eounnri-  On  a  IiitDt  it  wonlil  cbaae  a  l>Mr  to  aoa*  rongli  tne 
___  br  dM  iMter  uuDi«]  u  oh  eMT  to  citab.  ud  vbtit  tb*  boar  bad 
fMa  ap  uoat  fcv  fc«t,  the  dog  iroold  lieae  it  betiiod.  and  bj  tmggtDf^ 
•odbrMiagiaNlfagUBKUw  tree  voolddislodjebniB,  and  botb  wovldcont 
tvaUiBg  M  ifce  gnnnd  together,  ^e  dog  »oiiM  tnp  ap  aadacamper  oC 
flwdj  p«nwd  br  brvin  for  a  f«w  roda,  vhen  tb«  Utter  vtnld  ntaraand 
afun  c— —  na  n  aaoeod  tfc«  tna  oa^  lo  be  agaia  pvllad  dowo  br  the 
dag.  gnwiCMaa  tlua  procedart  was  r«fMat«d  ei«iral  tiaee.  or  until  the 
baoicr  qum  np  and  at»ot  ibe  bear.  On  ooe  oocBsaoD,  wben  Mr.  Daree 
«aa  o«i  bsBting,  be  caae  ioddealT  opoa  a  bear,  bu  owing  to  tiM  tUdc- 
aeat  of  tbe  brad.  mcceeJed  onlj  in  pnnc  it  a  bad  wound  at  h  ifcawMfd 
oK  The  dog  feDowed  the  woonded  animal  a  Ion/  distance,  k^ing 
■p  a  barldng  that  gaided  the  bnnter  in  the  porMit.  but  keeping  berond 
tba  reach  oTthe  bleeding  Un*t»  AmtHommn§.  At  last  tbeb(«rbecw«  so 
weak  from  lose  of  blood  that  U  ast^ped  lo  rest,  bat  eoold  get  none  owing 
H  the  peraisceQt  and  eotageoaa  aitaciEa  of  the  dog.  Mr.  Davee  came  op 
and  anded  the  &At  by  a  ball  tkroogh  the  bear's  head.  On  sitll  aaocher 
asasaieB.  as  Mr- Davee  was  walking  throagh  the  wooda  with  hi*  gaa  oa 
Us  sfcoolder,  he  ease  saddealT  wi&in  fear  ftet  of  a  large  bear  that  was 
lying  bchiad  a  log.  The  aainal  iasSantly  reared  np  with  an  angry 
gn>wl,  dispUring  two  rows  of  gleataing  teetn,  and  readiing  oat  with  its 
BowerfWI  arm  to  clasp  the  startled  settler  in  its  enbrace,  nni  the  latter 
leapsd  baoh,  ooc&ed  bis  rifle,  and  ere  the  bear  eoold  touch  him,  MOt  a 
bad  thna|di  its  throat.  In  a  few  minates  the  animal  was  dea>l.  Had  the 
tile  nnara  fire,  it  woald  hare  bred  hard  with  the  hanter.  On  still 
aaocher  DOcaaioa.  Mr.  Davee  shot  and  initaatir  killed  a  bear  whiA  was 
iiaastng  near  his  cahio.  The  flab  was  dirided  oat  amooe  tbe  nei^boi*. 
WSliam  Bnghas  was  tardj  in  his  demands  and  was  (oreed  to  eonlent  hioi- 
aekf  with  a  pair  of  the  lege.  Bear  meat  is  much  like  pork.  It  is  said  that 
tWbffd  Jlau^  kiOed  a  bear  in  earij  ycus-  He  saa  it  in  the  woods,  and 
thoMh  maeh  seared  and  asrroaa,  fired  and  killed  it.  Joseph  Detr  also 
knied  one  nnder  aboat  the  same  etrcamstaoces.  Sereral  othan  IdUed 
hears  in  the  townthip. 


Hr.  DaTee  had  lua  dog  so  trained  that  tha  daab  hnu*  seemed  almoai 
espable  of  renaon.  One  day  tbe  banter  sbec  tad  vTCBded  a  deer,  vhid 
na  off  throagib  dM  woada  at  fall  speed.  Away  went  the  di^  in  paivatt. 
IbOoved  aa  Cue  aa  possible  by  ita  master.  Drop*  of  blood  eoold  be  seen 
apoo  the  leares.  showing  that  the  deer  had  been  bsdly  hnru  After  some 
use  the  dog  retamed,  skalking  along  to  its  master,  which  act  was  eo 
Baaaaal  that  Mr.  Dana  to^  bis  ramrod  and  gave  tbe  anunal  a  soand 
thmshing,  and  again  ordstad  it  oa  ia  pdieail  of  the  deer.  Aw«t  it  went 
again,  ieroer  tbu  erar,  as  if  to  make  good  the  lorn  of  iu  maoter's  eoo6- 
deaee.  ^w  bonier,  thinking  that  the  dog  woald  not  hare  eomc  back 
anlem  the  <tser  was  wo  strong  as  to  hare  gotten  entirelT  away,  oondaded 
to  give  op  the  ehnse  and  retam  to  his  cabin,  whieb  be  aoeordingty  did. 
Haul  ilapSBd  and  the  dog  did  set  rctara.  Ac  hat  the  banter  took  hia 
gam,  raw  laid  ihe  trail,  aiM  after  •avatil  koata  of  i^id  walking  came 



opoD  a  aight  ih&t  made  hiiD  sick.  The  tall  weeds,  grass  and  honlies 
a  quarter  of  an  acre  were  torn  lo  pieces  and  beat4m  flut,  and  near  iha 
center  laj  xht  wounded  duer,  dnid.  nnd  terribly  torn,  and  near  it  was  tbe 
old  dog,  covered  with  blood  and  bruised,  and  torn  almost  in  pioccs  by  the 
nharp  \iooh  and  antlers  of  the  denperate  deer.  The  nnble  animal  could 
Acarcelj  nove,  yet  it  wagginl  its  tail  at  the  aound  of  its  master's  voice, 
and  looked  up  for  praise  over  the  successful  issue  of  the  terrible  struggle. 
The  fuithfut  creature  was  tak«n  home  where  its  wounds  were  caretullj 
dressed,  but  tbe  bctt  care  could  not  rettttire  tbe  uiutilatod  limbs  and 
broken  bones.  Tbe  dog  lived  a  year  or  rooro,  bat  scarcely  ever  left  the 


Mr.  Davee  bad  bd  extended  experience  of  tbe  Indiut  character. 
He  waa  not  afraid  of  them  nnd  liked  to  W  nith  them  for  the  sport  tbej 
afforded  bim.'  He  could  beat  any  of  them  shooting  at  a  mark,  and  won 
much  of  their  property  in  that  mauner.  The  Indians,  except  a  few  small 
roving  bands,  bad  been  removed  a  short  lime  before  he  came  to  the  town- 
ship. One  day  five  or  six  of  thorn,  including  tiro  or  three  aquuvrs, 
camped  on  the  creek  near  his  cabin,  whereupon  be  went  over  to  make 
their  acquaintance.  They  seemed  gind  to  see  him,  and,  after  a  short 
time,  all  shot  at  a  mnrk.  and  of  course  the  white  man  bent  them.  The 
Indians  then  proposed  to  jump,  and  one  of  them  suggested  that  they 
-should  see  which  could  jump  farthest  over  a  large  log-heap  fire  that  was 
burning  nuar.  One  or  two  including  Mr.  Davee  made  [ho  jump  success- 
fully, and  finally  a  very  boutful  young  fellow  with  many  a  flourish 
started  to  perform  tbe  same  feat.  He  made  a  short  diuh,  but  juat  as  he 
was  rising  on  the  jump  Mr.  Davee  tripped  him,  and  the  half-naked  fallow 
pitched  beets  over  bead  into  the  log-heap  fire.  He  howled  dreadfully, 
and  made  tbe  (ire  and  aMhe«  6t.  and  no  wonder.  He  was  out  m  a  flash, 
badly  burned,  exclaiming  !  *'  lleap  bad  shimokaman  ;  heap  bad  !  "  The 
reader  will  probably  agree  with  him,  but  Mr.  Davee  and  tbe  other  Indi- 
ans laughed  heartily  at  his  expense. 


A  few  years  ago,  John  Radcliff  went  out  to  his  barn-yard  one  morning 
with  his  little  girl  to  do  the  milking.  The  last  the  girl  saw  of  her  father 
he  WAS  standing  with  his  back  against  the  barn.  At  noon,  Mrii.  Radcliff 
made  inquiries  for  him,  and  sent  a  child  out  to  find  bim  at  the  barn,  but 
hid  vrbcroabouttt  were  not  discovered.  In  the  evening  he  waa  found  near 
the  bam,  dead,  and  very  much  mangled  by  the  bogs.  The  discovery 
created  great  excitement  in  the  neighhorhood.  and  led  to  the  arrest  of  a 
young  man  who  was  soon  acquitted.  On  the  cUy  of  the  death,  two  gen- 
tlemeu  pnssing  by  the  house  saw  Mr.  RadclilT  talking  with  a  stranger  at 
the  bum.  Who  this  man  was  could  not  be  asMrlained.  Whether  Mr. 
Radcliif  was  murdered  or  whether  be  had  a  fit  will  probably  remain  » 
mystery  to  the  end  of  time. 

The  first  school  in  the  township  was  taught  on  Stotts  Creek  in  1620, 
by  the  old  settler,  Hiram  T.  Craig.     The  second  and  third  wer«  taught 



in  the  same  neigfaborliood,  all  b«ing  verj  rude,  &nil  being  tsaght  in  pri* 
nte  Cftbins.  Heading  was  done  moaU;  oat  of  the  Teetament ;  writing 
mtt  done  with  a  gooM  qnill  jiliarpeaed  or  "mendei]  "  hj  ihe  teacher,  ana 
•  little  "ciphering"  was  done  on  &  rude  blackboard.  Mr.  ColUns  buc- 
end«d  Mr.  Craii*.  Late  in  tbe  twentiss,  ocber  schools  were  started  far- 
tber  ap  the  cretk.  The  first  echoolbouso  was  built  in  tbe  Stotta  settle- 
ment in  about  1827,  and  won  a  rough  log  stractare  built  in  one  daj  b/  a 
few  men  who  were  anxiona  to  hare  their  few  children  educated.  In  1880, 
if  reports  are  reliable,  there  were  only  three  log  »«hoolhou8e8  in  the  town* 
■hip,  and  one  of  tboao  was  n  deserted  dwelling-  In  1840,  there  were  6(re 
or  aix,  bat  the  standurd  uf  educatiun  wu  yet  at  a  vviy  low  ebb.  The 
teachers  were  paid  by  sabicription,  which  was  usustlj  91'^0  for  each 
scholar  for  the  term  of  three  months.  The  teacher  would  have  from  eight 
to  fifteen  scbolani.  so  it  is  easy  to  fignre  what  the  "master's  "  componia- 
tion  would  be.  Whoever  saw  a  weallhy  school  teacher?  Such  a  cre&tura 
is  an  invisible  quanlity  even  to  this  dnj.  Take,  then,  the  pedagogue  of 
je  olden  lime,  who  was  forC(r<l  by  the  Gat  of  events  to  "board  nronnd  "  at 
tbe  log  rabina,  where  fat  bacon  and  corn  bread  were  considered  delicacies 
fit  for  the  gods,  and  who  can  imagine  a  more  desolate  prospect?  This 
was  repeated  scores  of  times  in  Green  Township.  In  18.^2,  the  common 
sdiool  law  came  into  existence,  and  the  progress  of  education  since  then, 
baa  been  remarkable.  Neat  frame  houses  were  erected  soon  after  the  paa- 
nge  of  the  law,  and  a  permanent  fund  for  the  payment  of  Ihe  teatdier  sod 
the  support  of  tbe  school  changed  the  intellectual  bill  of  fare  into  all  the 
higher  branches.  Now  there  are  ten  6ne  country  schoolhouses  where 
manr  of  the  teachers  employed  are  qualified  to  instruct  in  analysis  of  the 
English  aentcncc.  natural  philosophy,  physical  googrnphy,  botany,  elocu- 
tion, rhetoric.  ornameDtal  penniaualiip,  etc.,  etc.  Oreen  Township  hatt 
good  Mbools. 

Late  in  the  thirties,  a  small  class  of  the  Church  of  Christ  was  organ- 
ixed  on  Section  15,  the  leading  members  being  Adam  Flake,  Benjamin 
Bryan,  Peter  Comper,  Eli  Mungrove  aodtheir  families  and  others.  Adam 
Flake  agreed  to  donate  one  acre  of  ground  for  a  church  and  cemetery. 
Whether  a  building  was  erected  cannot  be  learned.  The  class  lived  tuany 
years,  and  numbered  aa  high  as  forty  or  fifty  mt-mbcis.  In  about  Itj-lO, 
the  Methodists,  near  the  residence  of  Levi  Rinker, organized  a  class,  among 
the  members  being  the  families  of  Robert  C.  Stotte.Levi  llinker,  Simeon 
EW,  F.  A.  Ilarryman,  William  Stewart,  Daniel  Demott,  tieorge  Rinker. 
John  Holsapple,  William  Cain,  Jamea  Epperson  and  James  Laughlin. 
The  pastor  in  1^44  was  Daniel  Demott.  and  in  1846  Henry  S.  Dane. 
The  class  belonged  to  the  Moorcsvillc  Circuit.  Several  early  euasos  were 
organised  iDscboolhouses.  Now  there  are  four  churches  in  the  township — 
Mount  Olive.  Methodist,  in  the  northwestern  part;  Union  Chapel,  Meth- 
odist, two  miles  east  of  Cope;  Bethel.  Methodiat,  In  the  eestem  part. and 
Centennial  Union  Church,  a  mile  northea"»t  of  Cope.  The  township  has 
excellent  opportunity  for  Christian  worship,  and  the  citiieus  are  sober, 
moral  and  industrious. 

In  the  month  of  April,  1888,  Esekiel  St.  John  employed  a  surveyor 


nisToRir  OP  MonoAS  oocktv. 

and  laid  oat  a  village  or  thirty-four  lot«  ftod  eight  large  oatlota  on  the 
northeast  quarter  of  the  northeast  quarter  of  Section  K,  Township  12 
north,  Range  2  east,  the  same  being  on  the  hnnk  of  Stotts  Creett,  and 
within  about  half  a  mile  of  its  mouth.  A  few  hoiiaes  were  built,  and  some 
Iittli-  impruremrnt  was  made,  but  the  village  soon  died,  without  hope  of 


This  was  sianed  up  on  Section  28  man;  ;ears  ago.  Jaoaee  Crocker 
and  Henfion  Martin  opened  the  6rst  store  there  in  a  log  cabin.  They 
were  succeede^i  bj  Wesley  Knight.  laaac  B.  Wilson  was  next,  and  Lem- 
uel Guthridge  neit.  A  post  office  has  been  etttabliahed  there  in  later 
jears.     Few  villages  can  cope  with  Cope  in  limitation  and  negation. 



THE  earliest  settlement  of  Baker  Township  ie  enahrouded  lu  mystery. 
It  is  certain  that  white  fimilies  livci  therwn  as  early  as  1820,  and 
pos.iibly  in  1819.  A  family  name^l  EviL-iizer  was  living  there  on  the  old 
Thomas  Hodges  farm  when  the  firat  permanent  resiaente  arrived,  but 
how  long  they  had  been  there  cannot  be  learned,  even  if  it  bo  known  by 
any  one  now  living  in  the  township  or  county.  It  is  believed  by  some 
that  this  family  lived  there  befor«  the  cession  treaty  of  iSlS,  but  this 
tnuet  be  regarded  with  some  grains  of  doubt.  The  family  consisted  of 
the  father,  mother,  two  or  three  sons  and  a  daughter  or  two.  They  were 
proftRsiunal  pioueera.  and  preferred  to  live  iu  the  wooda  remote  from  the 
setclementfl.  The  father  and  the  buys  were  ekillful  hoiiters  and  trappers, 
and  several  times  a  year  visited  the  older  settlements  in  the  southern  part 
of  the  State  to  sell  their  furs  or  exchange  them  for  ammunition,  craps, 
weapons,  tobacco,  or  some  article  of  clotliing  for  the  women.  The  men 
drowsed  almost  wholly  in  deer  or  raccoon  skins,  and  spent  their  time,  in 
bunting  and  trnpping,  in  which  they  were  very  expert.  As  a  matter  of 
fiict,  much  that  is  said  of  them  rests  largely  on  tradition,  ag  they  left  for 
remote  localitiea  about  the  lime  the  permanent  settlere  began  to  arrive. 
They  had  a  garden,  conj^i^ting  of  about  half  or  three-quarters  of  an  acre, 
which  was  cultivated  by  the  women,  as  the  men  were  above  that  sort  of 
degradation.  Accounts  vary  as  to  the  Intelligence  of  the  family.  It  is 
quite  certain,  however,  that  their  iniellectual  aitaiamonts  were  not  of  the 
highest  order.  They  were  guilty  of  sufficient  acuteneaa  to  be  able  to 
hunt  and  cook,  but  they  would  not  have  cut  a  remarkably  high  6gure. 
either  socially  or  mentally,  in  the  settled  communities  of  that  day.  Ac- 
cording to  tradition,  the  men  on  one  occasion  had  considemble  difficulty 
with  a  band  of  four  or  five  Indians  that  slopped  at  their  cabin.  The 
trouble  arose  over  a  trade  of  furs  on  the  part  of  the  Indians  for  ammu- 
nition and  trinkets  on  the  part  of  the  whites.  Arms  were  drawn,  wound* 
were  given,  but  the  difficulty  waa  adjusted  before  anything  serioas  reeult- 



ti.  1\  ia  said  that  this  family  killed  mmy  bears  in  TkriotiH  portions  of 
Hngaja  County.  Witbio  two  or  tliree  years  they  left  the  townetiip,  gft- 
■g,  DO  one  knowB  whitfaer,  but  certainly  out  into  the  wilderneBB. 


Tbe  first  tract  of  land  was  purchased  on  Section  28,  on  the  8th  of 
ItotaBbar,  IH20,  by  Thomaji  Iiodses,  who  dtd  not  rvsidc  in  the  township 
■til  ycus  afterward.  Williara  Burton  bought  land  on  S«clion  B2  ia 
USft.  The  Burtons  afterward  became  prominent  citisens.  George  W. 
Baker  e&me  in  lai«  in  the  twenties,  with  a  retinue  of  relatives,  that  was 
kfwrward  couoiderably  enlarged.  Perhaps  himself  and  relatives  did  more 
ivr  Baker  Townetiip  than  any  other  family.  The  township  Cook  its  name 
ina  ttiis  family.  They  were  among  its  most  prominent  and  re«pected 

The  Lafavera  came  in  soon  after  18S0,  and  soon  exerted  a  wide  influ- 
eoee  in  township  afTairs.  The  family  of  John  Hodges  vaa  also  very 

The  township  was  mainly  settled  in  the  thirties,  although  a  few  fami> 
Ins  were  reoidenta  before.  Among  those  who  entered  land  were  James 
Ktrler,  William  Teag,  George  W.  Baker,  John  Buckner.  Jonathan  Man- 
ley,  Frederick  Bucknart.  1\ .  T.  Clurk,  Page  Henslow,  John  Manley, 
Riebsrd  Long.  Jackson  Long.  Elislia  Long,  Elijah  D.  Long,  John 
Hodges,  Jr.,  Thomae  Hodgo*,  Thomas  Mitchell,  James  R.  Elston,  John 
Barton.  Isaac  Lafnver,  Josiah  Goudwiit.  Robert  Finchnm,  fvison  Ellis, 
Darid  Low,  Josiah  Vandeventer,  John  Muncey,  Stephen  Collier,  William 
Barton.  Jacob  Evans,  Presley  Johnson,  P.  Smith,  Chriii  Shulca,  J.  B. 
'>iheoD.  William  Goodwin,  Hiram  McKinuey.  John   Burnett  and  others. 

THB   POLL  TAX    PATERS  OF  1842. 

Barnard  Arnold.  Win&rd  Buskirk,  Jesse  Belzer.  Daniel  Be&ls,  Felix 
B«1ser,  John  W.  Burton,  Benjamin  Campbell,  Joseph  Cbilders,  John 
Campbell,  Caleb  Collier.  Jacob  EvaiiH.  Robert  Finiham.  William  Gregs- 
i',u.  James  Goodwin,  James  Gregston.  Thomas  L.  Hicks,  Thompson 
Harden,  John  Hodges,  Zuchariah  Haller.  Samuel  Harryman,  Joseph 
Kealey,  Jonathan  Kcgtey,  Daniel  -Lafaver,  Jacob  Lafaver,  Isaac 
Lafiirer.  Andrew  H.  Low.  John  McColliater.  John  E.  Myers.  Jscoh 
Meyers.  James  Martin.  John  G.  Manleji  John  Martin,  Joshua  Muncey, 
David  T.  Neal,  Dempsey  Neal.  L.  M.  ft.  Piimphrey,  William  W.  Paul, 
Abraham  Statesman,  Phlegman  Smith,  Daniel  Weathers,  Amos  H.  Vacde- 

The  old  Pamphrey  Grist  Mill  on  AVbite  Rivsr  was  an  iroporttnt 
feature  in  early  timra.  The  store  which  was  started  there  about  1H39 
las  continued  several  years. 


Schools  were  not  aturted  in  this  towneliip  until  comparatively  late. 
The  seulement  was  slow,  and  the  families  had  something  else  to  think 
aliOQt  than  education.  Too  many  parents  in  those  days  thought  as  ibe 
Spanish  proverb  directs: 

"  Follow  jAur  father,  my  son. 
And  do  m  rour  fiiUier  bu  done." 



Thejr  reasoned  that  tbeir  cliiHreD  ousbt  to  do  as  well  in  life  as  tliey 
had  done,  wliict  was  to  jiass  froni  the  craale  to  the  grave  with  onlj  ''edi- 
cation  "  enough  to  read  a  little,  write  a  little  and  cipher  a  little.  A  mnn 
who  had  "  JBrnin'  "  enough  to  attack  and  attempt  to  analjso  an  English 
aeticence  was  regarded  a  prodigy. 

•'  And  still  the  wondtr  Jtrcw 
Tlia.t  one  emmll  bend  ttbould  c&iry  til  be  knew." 

The  6r9t  ecbool  in  the  township,  so  far  as  can  be  learned,  was 
taught  in  about  the  jear  I8S8,  on  Section  28.  The  achoolhouse  was 
or  round  logs,  a  wide  fire-place  61led  the  dark  room  with  a  ruddy  glow, 
and  in  one  end  ww  a  mdo  table,  a  sncred  picc«  of  furniture,  beloDg- 
ing  exclusively  to  the  teacher,  from  which  oracle*  as  wise,  no  doubt. 
as  thoae  of  Solomon  were  revealed  to  the  wondering  childrea.  Thesecond 
sehool  was  started  about  the  same  time  on  Section  31  or  32.  These 
were  the  only  e»tiibiisbed  schools  for  several  yeurs,  but  along  in  the  forties, 
when  the  good  eff'ecis  of  the  school  law  of  1S4S  began  to  be  felt,  other 
terms  were  taught  in  the  northeaet  comer  and  Id  the  southeast  corner. 
The  township  in  1350  had  three  established  nchools,  ami  a  neighborhood 
or  two  where  terms  were  taught  ftemi-occiisionally  in  buildings  that  had 
boen  boilt  for  dwellings  and  which  were  fiited  up  specialty  for  the  pur- 
pose. The  school  system  of  Baker  Township,  and  the  oxeelleiice  of  the 
instruction  fbrnished,  are  not  excelled  by  any  other  country  towosbip  in 
the  ooQQty. 


Baker  Township  has  been  well  supplied  since  the  earliest  settlement 
with  abundant  opportunity  for  Christian  worship.  Tfaf  Mount  Zion 
Methodist  Church,  on  the  line  between  Sections  81  and  32,  was  organized 
about  1S40  at  the  residence  of  Jacob  Lafaver.  The  first  class  did  not 
exceed  ten  members.  Among  the  earlie-st  ramities  belonging  were  those 
of  Jacob  Lafavor,  lease  Lafavcr,  William  D.  Payno,  Joshua  Jonea,  Alfred 
Abel,  John  Myers.  Isom  Guy,  Andrew  Smith  and  others.  Wesley  Dorsey 
organized  the  class  and  was  the  first  preacher  in  charge.  Uenry  S.  Dane 
succeeded  him.  The  church  was  built  in  the  fifties.  This  class  ts  yet 
in  existence.  The  two  other  churches — a  Methodi.<tt  and  a  Bnptist — 
were  organized  later,  and  are  in  flourishing  condition  for  country  churches. 
The  citizens  of  the  township  generally  are  moral  and  industrJoug.  The 
township  is  next  to  the  smallest  in  the  county.  During  the  early  stages 
of  the  last  war,  it  furnished  more  men  in  proportion  to  population  than 
any  other  township  in  the  county^. 



OEORGE  A,  ADAMS,  attoraey  huA  ReprmentatiTO,  in  a  native  of 
Iforgan  Cuonty,  lod.,  antl  watt  bom  June  4, 1840.  The  cuiinty  which 
gsTB  bim  birth  haii  ButJe  him  a  homo,  la  hia  youth,  after  att«Ddin^  the 
eotoiDon  schooU  of  the  coimtr,  he  went  to  the  Stale  VniTersitY  at  Dlooni- 
ifigtoti,  lod.,  for  two  ydont.  and  from  wliich  bo  ^ndiintM  in  the  nrofee- 
BioD  of  law  in  1872.  He  was  Principal  of  th«  Ui^h  Sohooln  of  Morgau- 
town  one  year,  after  which,  in  April,  1S78.  lie  eagagwl  ia  the  practice  of 
bia  prof«iwi9n,  nod  has  ooDtitmod  the  samo  hiikm!  that  titno.  Doooraber 
28,  1876.  he  marrind,  at  Brazil,  Clay  Goacty,  Mibh  Mattie  DeDnntt, 
which  UBioD  has  givon  birtli  to  two  obildreo — an  infaot  and  Roy  B.  (de- 
oeaaod).  Ur.  AdaniB  is  a  RepablicuD,  and  wan  sent  to  the  L«gi&Iaturo, 
aa  a  RepmM<ntativo  of  Morgan  County  in  Novomber,  1882.  Hv  ia  a  mem- 
bor  ol  tbo  vonembtt)  MnaoDic  fratamity,  and  hIho  of  the  Beta  Theta  Pi 
— A  ooU«gd  organisAtioD — and  of  tb«  Methodist  Episcopal  Chorcb.  Mr. 
Adams  is  ths  pueMsaur  of  a  doei  property  in  Martinsville,  and  is  a  mui;b 
BHteoitind  aitizen. 

WILLIAM  R.  ASHER  ia  a  native  of  Jobtuoa  County,  Ind,  and  waa 
bora  on  th«>  itOth  of  Norember,  ISftl.  Wb«rn  he  had  reached  the  Age  of 
«ifht  y«ar8,  b«  waa  removed  by  hia  parente  to  this  town,  wher«  be  was 
rMred.  attended  and  grndnnted  from  the  MartiDaville  High  School,  and 
afterword  beoame  a  student  of  the  State  Univeraity  in  .September,  1878, 
ID  a  ooarM  of  fonr  j«Ar«'  ntndy.  In  tbo  month  of  March,  \^SZ,  he  w- 
t«red  into  the  oratorical  oonteht,  with  four  contestants,  for  the  privilege 
of  ropreflenting  the  t'oivt^rsity  in  tb<>  State  cooteet,  and  which  privilege 
be  won-,  co»r<c<jiii>ntly,  he  represented  the  Univomity  of  Indiana  in  the 
St«t4i  orotarical  exliibition,  wbicli  ttx)k  place  ul  ludiauaixjlin  April  17, 
18S8,  in  which  effort,  ho  waa  HDOeenHftil,  ooming  out  number  one  from  a 
liai  of  aix,  each  repreeenting  a  college,  and  al&o  winuiog  the  prize,  $50. 
"SbiB  BDocew  sttbe  Stal«  capital  bestowed  nuon  him  \h»  rightof  oontend' 
\mt  in  the  inter-St«t«  contest  of  oratory,  oeld  at  Minneapolis  May  2, 
ItoS,  from  whiob  ciigagoment  he  cnmu  forth  tliird  in  honor. 

J.  G,  BAlNp  editor  MartinsTillo  Rr.pnblican,  and  Poatmaflterr,  wn« 
bom  in  Jefferson  Township,  Morgan  County,  on  April  '1%  1844,  and  ia 
tli4>  M>n  of  John  aiid  Brid^ft  (Oalla^htf)  Rain,  early  settlers  of  JefTtiRiou 
Towoahip.  Our  mibjeot  pHSKod  his  early  life  on  a  farm  and  alteoding  » 
district  Rcbool  oatil  he  wue  aerentoen  yuum  of  ogv,  whoQ  b^>  vnliatod  in 
Company  C,  Tbirty-lhird  Indiaoa  Infantry,  in  Angiiet,  iSfil,  for  three 
jMm  and  participated  in  even*  march,  battle  and  skirmiah  which  tha 



regtment  was  in.  Naat  tlie  ntoKe  of  the  three  years'  term,  ibe  regintml 
"Teteranized."  Durio^  the  Atlantu  citmpidni,  the  Kgiment  elected  nffi. 
oere,  aod  was  under  th&  tire  of  tbti  en^uiy  wliile  baJJotiug,  aud  one  man 
killed.  iSr.  Bain  wbh  elected  Secund  Lientenant.  «ad  remained  with  bis 
oommsnd  until  the  oIoho  of  th<v  viar,  hnvinj;  bonn  miiaterM  ont  Auj^et 
20,  18(15,  after  foiir  years'  6ervira  Some  of  the  battles  and  Bkiruiishie 
in  which  th«  regiment  nan  engHgwl  are  an  follouii:  Wildcat,  Cumberland 
Oap.  ThooipsoD'a  Station.  Tenn.  (where  the  entire  brigade  wa^  capiared 
and  oonfiued  iu  Libby  Prison  tiro  monthB),  Besuca,  Ooaarille,  Bni'ut 
Hiokorr,  Qolf^tbn  Church,  Pumpliin  Vine,  Poach  Tree  Cmok,  the  Atlanta 
campaign,  Sherman's  "  march  tu  the  «ea."  and  through  the  Caroliuas, 
being  iu  tJie  battloit  of  Aferymboro  nud  Bentonrille;  tbt^nce  tu  Raleigh, 
on  to  Richmond,  and  in  the  "grand  review"  al  WaehingLon;  thAno«t 
to  Louisville,  Ky.,  wfai-ru  the  n-giment  was  mustered  out.  After  his 
r«tnrn  horae,  our  subject  att^wded  ifooreBville  Seminary  six  montha,  then 
Earlbam  College.  Richmond,  lod,  three  years,  and  then  the  State  Uni- 
reraity  at  Bloouilngtoo,  graduating  from  that  institution  in  the  law 
ooarse  in  the  spring  of  1870,  after  which  he  came  to  Uartinaville  and 
eugagcid  in  the  praetico  of  law.  In  Angnat,  187n,  he  iupcaine  connected 
with  the  Republican,  which  aprang  into  existence'  tlint  year,  and  waa 
made  its  managing  editor.  In  December,  1870,  with  H.  A.  Smuck,  he 
purrhaecd  the  paper,  and  continued  ita  publication  for  four  years.  Since 
September,  1874.  Mr.  Buin  hai  been  the  BoIe  proprietor.  He  hiis  added 
to  and  improved  the  paper,  now  nsiug  a  ('Ampbitll  ete&m  prit^x,  with  a 
oircDJation  of  l,7tK).  In  Ociober,  187'J,  Mr.  Bain  was  made  Poefiuaater 
of  Martinsville,  and  has  held  the  otBce  ever  since.  He  has  always  been 
an  active,  influential  politician  in  the  Republioau  party,  and  ia  ranked 
among  the  energetic  and  progreflsive  citizona,  aud  as  one  of  the  repre- 
eontfltive  men  of  Southern  Indiana.  In  February.  1876,  he  waH  married 
to  Sallie  Johneon;  a  native  of  Morgan  County,  and  daughter  of  Dr.  J. 
J.  JohoBOU.  Four  children  have  been  l>um  to  them — Mary  E.,  Katie  R., 
Jarvis  J.  and  Dora  I.  Mr.  Bain  is  a  conHislent  member  of  the  I'rosbyte- 
rian  Church,  and  his  wife  of  the  Methodist  Epiecop&l  Chuzch.  He  is 
also  a  member  of  the  Miisonic  frnternity,  and  of  the  G.  A.  R,  Since 
Mr.  Bain  has  beeu  Pos1mast<^r.  tho  office  tins  iucreaeed  ile  receipts  three- 
fold; and  it  is  at  present  one  of  the  best  appointed  and  condudod  poet 
offices  of  any  town  of  ita  size  in  the  State. 

JAMES 'p.  BAXDWIN,  second  son  in  n  family  of  eight  children, 
was  bom  March  17,  184U,  in  Jennings  County,  Ind.  His  parents,  Jamee 
M.  and  Sarah  (Thom&g),  natives  of  Indiana,  were  married  in  Jennings 
County,  where  they  settled,  remaining  until  1861,  the  father  following 
morcbandiaing.  Removing  thence  to  Martinsville,  he  went  into  the  mill, 
ing  bnninoBs,  and  throe  years  later,  his  mill  being  destroyed  by  fire,  he 
retired  from  business,  and  is  at  present  one  of  MartinsviUe'd  most  indu- 
eotial  citizens.  The  subjeoi  of  this  sketch  wa»  rt-ar^-d  aud  educated  in 
Martinsville.  When  sixteen  yean  of  age,  ha  was  employed  as  bralctv- 
man  on  the  ')i\  F.  &  M.  R.  B.,  whore  he  remained  for  eis  months,  then 
for  six  months  on  the  I,  &  V,  II.  R.  ait  fireman,  and  afterward  on  the 
main  line  of  the  IndianaiKiIis  &  St,  Louis  Railroad  as  fireman  between 
La  Fayette,  Ind..  and  Cinointiati,  Ohio,  for  Home  time.  He  wim  thou 
given  an  engine,  working  in  this  capacity  until  1872,  after  which  he 
worked  for  one  year  on  the  F.  F.  &  M.  R.  R.  ogHin,  In  1S73,  he 
entered  the  employ  of  Johuson  &  Long,  druggists,  of  Martinavillo,  for  a 



abort  time,  iirt«rvnrd  f<>rmii]g  s  portaenbip  with  J.  H.  Hart  id  the  sarae 
bodaesv,  and  at  presoDt  ia  eo  eogngwl  doing  a  lucrative-  liusineH.  He  is 
■  mamber  of  the  I.  O.  O.  P..  iiad  is  an  active  member  in  the  RnpiiblicaD 
par^.  Novvmber  13,  1872,  hu  was  marrii-d  to  Mai^'etta  K.  JohtMon, 
aa(urhti>r  of  I>r.  J  J.  Johnson,  one  of  the  li?a4liDg  citixt^ns  of  MartiDH* 
fill«.  Tlipy  hail  four  (■htlilrea.  nuDi>  of  whom  are  living;.  Mr.  Baldwin 
antl  wifi-  are  identifitt)  vith  tho  Mt>thodist  Epiecopal  Church. 

QCTNCY  A-  BLANKENSHIP.  attornev  at  law.  is  a  native  of  this 
teaoty,  bom  Novnmbcir  ITi,  I80I.  He  wan  roarod  in  the  locality  of  his 
tortb,  att«<Dded  the  schools  and  high  school  of  MartinsTilla,  also  the 
Northwmit^rti  at  Indianajiolia.  He  began  tanuJog  in  1ST4:  now  ovnu 
200  mane  in  Kb;  Township,  and  is  a  p&iioer  with  bis  brother  in  fanning 
and  ■toek'dealing';  tbi\v  biindlo  abuut  liX^  head  of  cattlo  each  y^ar.  In 
1870,  bf  wMii  into  the  <.'onnty  (^lork's  nffino  as  D*j>aty.  at  whiob  he 
anrrod  tour  year*.  Ait^rward  he  begon  Ihe  fttady  of  law,  uaa  luliiiittvd 
to  practice  Kcliruarv.  1H8^,  and  April  17  uf  that  vear  hv  uiarried  Mixa 
Fannie  Miller.  The  father  of  our  subject,  Forr^  M.  Blnnkoniihip.  was 
bcKB  in  JeooiUKv  CoQoty,  lod..  Pcoombur  11.  ISll.  Hix  parenta  died 
wbNO  he  WBH  qnite  iroang,  and  he  was  bound  to  ^tfr.  John  B.  New,  and 
leani«d  the  trade  of  which  he  worked  several  yenr«,aiKl 
wbile  jr«t  a  yoang  man  remoTod  to  thit<  county. 

JOHN  BOTHWELL  wa«  horn  in  Coonty  Muueghan,  Ireland.  March 
17,  1803,  and  ia  a  aoa  of  Chartoi*  and  Mary  Botfawell,  also  natires  of 
CoBDty  Hooegban,  Ireland.  Thn  father  of  our  snhjert,  John  Bothwell, 
fir..  wa£.  a  nntire  of  Ireland,  where  be  married  and  died,  having  raar*d 
ftT«  children— JamoR,  David,  Mar>-,  Margaret  aiK)  Charles.  Cbarlen 
Botiiwell,  while  in  Ireland,  married  Mary  Gordon:  emigrated  in  18(H)  to 
Anerica,  and  Mettled  iu  Ponnflylvnnia,  whore  he  closed  his  life.  He  was 
tba  parent  of  the  following:  Samuel.  William,  Ann  J.  and  John.  Oar 
rabjtwt.  John  Bothwell,  married,  January  14,  1832.  Mxm  Nancy,  daugh- 
tiT  uf  •John  and  Elizabeth  Lotaign.  The  following  spring  Mr  Bothwell 
morsd  to  Moat^oiuery  County,  l*eQ&,  and  in  189o  to  Morgan  Connty, 
lod.,  when  be  flpttl^  in  thix  townetiip,  which  has  siocA  been  bis  hom& 
Mrs.  Bothwell  died  April,  18^6,  and  some  time  after  Mr.  Bothwell 
wedded  Mn).  Wuatheru,  widow  of  Bich&rd  Wenthont,  who  died  Feb, 
mary  1.  18S3.  Mr.  Bothwell  has  been  father  to  tho  following  children: 
Samnel,  Anna,  Mary,  David,  John,  fiugb,  iiarah,  Jamea,  Aon  J.,  Isabel, 
Martha  and  Mnrgaret 

DAVID  BOTHWELL  is  a  native  of  Uorgao  Couoty,  Ind.,  was  bora 
Ootobor  1^  1841,  and  te  oue  of  thv  twclva  children  oomposiiig  the  faju- 
ily  of  John  and  Nancy  Bothwell.  He  obtained  the  mdimenb*  of  on  ed- 
ocatloo  from  the  district  acboolsj  afterward  fitted  bimself  for  the  duties 
of  a  l«>aoher,  and  has  taught  thirteen  consecntive  terms  of  uchoul  suc- 
oaMfnlly  in  tltis  county.  February  28,  18S3,  be  married  Mary  £., 
daughter  of  William  M.  and  Mnry  C  Dn<;kworth,  of  thio  county.  Mji^ 
Duckworth  was  bom  in  this  county  March  'iA,  IHTt'i.  After  marriage,  Mr. 
Bothwell  occupied  and  maoagod  the  farm  on  which  he  now  lives.  It 
eotnpriaee  215  acree,  and  is  well  cultivated  and  improved.  Mr.  and  Mrs. 
Bothwell  are  highly  mspeoted  amoug  their  ueighboni. 

FSANK  O.BttAKK.native  of  Ohio,  was  bom  in  Licking  Coaoty  Octo- 
ber 10.  186S.  His  parents,  Samuel  and  barab  (Moore)  Bralie,  were  mar- 
ried in  Ohio,  tlieir  nativt*  place,  in  1H41,  whf'ro  they  located,  and  the 
fatb«r  was  stationed  as  a  United  Brethren  minister.     In  18(13,  they  re- 

174         ^^^^  BIOGKAPHICAL  SKKTCHES: 

moved  thenctt  to  Union  Coonty.  ond  settled  on  a  farm,  where  they  re- 
mainwl  lor  two  yiwrn;  then  went  into  tbo  mercantile  biisinpBs  in  Frank- 
fort. Id  1!J78,  be  sold  bie  stock  of  goods,  and  wb»  thea  in  Sbelbj- 
Coanty  fur  four  ye&re.  E&rly  in  1883.  be  ^mbarkeil  in  tliH  insursnce 
bn)iin4>«x,  and  at  piesent  is  so  engaged.  On  Deoembpr  23,  IS77,  his 
mother  died  Subject  ifi  third  eon  and  child  in  a  family  of  firar  chil- 
dreo,  and  waa  reared  and  educated  in  bia  native  county.  When  seTeo- 
te^n  years  of  a.g^  be  began  teaching  school  in  Obia  He  coDtina«d 
teaching  for  tiv«  joure,  and  in  Uaroti,  1875.  be  entered  tbo  offioo  of  Dr. 
Levi  Stnck,  n  dttntist  of  liryan,  Ohio,  romaining  with  bim  tor  one  year. 
He  then  went  with  Dr.  Myer«,  of  Dotiance.  Ohio,  remaining  for  five  yeare, 
meaD'A'bile  attending;  the  Ohio  Dental  UoUcf^e  at  Cincinnati,  whert*  he 
graduated  in  March.  L8S<K  In  1881,  be  came  to  Martinsville,  where  he 
has  a  luorutive  pnictico.  Mr.  Brake  in  a  moiiibor  of  the  A.,  F.  &  A.  M.. 
Martinsville  Lodge,  No.  74;  of  tlie  American  Leginn  of  Honor,  Fort  De- 
fiance, Lodge,  No.  4ti7.  In  politics,  bo  is  a  RepiiblicnD.  On  September 
2B,  iy77,  be  wae  married  to  Joeepbine  Win&eKl,  danghter  of  John  Wiii- 
field  of  Ohio.  By  this  niiioo  there  is  one  child.  Edith  Harlan.  Both 
himself  and  wife  are  membera  ol  thn  Cnmbnrland  frwibTtiprian  Cliarch. 

ELLIOTT  F.  BItANCH.  TrenBurer  of  Morgan  County,  Ind.,  is  a  na- 
tive of  Jubnttou  County,  and  waK  born  April  16,  \Slo.  }1fi  wa«  reared  in 
the  county  in  which  be  firet  saw  thn  world'H  li(;bt,  wi)h  fair  facilities  for 
education,  and  tu  ISOO  commencvd  the  grain  trade  ut  MurtiuHriUo.  and 
□ow  coDtinueo  the  same  in  partnership  with  bis  brother,  under  the  firm 
title  of  Branch  ii  Bro. ;  they  own  the  MBitinsville  Floaring  Uills,  and 
are  doing  a  large  buitinesa,  over$250,i>)0  anDuaJly.  Mr.  Branch  ^liipped 
the  firef.  carload  out  of  the  town  on  the  new  railroad.  He  is  owner  of 
32U  Acn»  in  Johnson  Oonnty,  the  sauie  number  three  milee  east  of  this 
place,  and  his  wife  also  has  a  like  quantity  near  the  town.  From  1S05 
to  I$78,  he  was  engaged  in  merchandising  and  the  stave  business,  in 
connection  with  milting  aud  fanning.  May  13,  I80S,  ho  married  Uiss 
Alice  Parks,  daughter  of  P.  M.  Parks,  which  union  has  been  graced  by 
foQrcbiUlion — OUv^,  Leafy.  Emmetl  Foroatund  Frank  Oak.  Mi'.  Branch 
ian  atancb  Republican,  ami  wa»  elected  County  Treasurer  in  1878.  Be 
is  a  member  of  tbe  Masonic  fraternity  and  of  the  State  comuiHtee  tor  this 
Cou^eeBional  district 

BOBEBT  H.  BRANCH  was  bom  in  Johnson  Coonty.  Ind..  ou  April 
7,  1852.  A  sketch  of  parents'  life  appears  elsewhere  in  this  work.  He 
wan  fourth  aim  and  ninth  child  in  a  family  of  twelve  children,  and  wan 
reared  in  bia  aativecouoty.  Wheu  eighteen  years  of  age.  hebtigiin  work- 
ing on  his  father's  farm,  which  he  continued  to  do  for  two  years.  He 
then  camoto  Mactlnavi lie,  and  wbb  employed  by  his  brother,  E.  P.  Branch. 
in  the  grain  biisiuess,  with  whom  be  continued  until  JanuBry^  IS74,  At 
thia  time  h'O  became  a  partner  in  tbe  firm,  and  continued  &o  for  three 
years,  wlieu  his  brother  sold  his  interest  to  D.  D.  Cramer.  Three  years 
later,  tbe  firm  waa  dinaolved,  R.  H.  Branch  and  D.  D.  Cramer  selling  their 
interoate.  Our  eubject  then  purchased  a  half  interestin  theflonjingmille 
and  elevator,  which  wa«  destroyed  by  Are  on  June  2'2,  ^SS'i^  the  luei  being 
about  $2(i,(KX).  An  elevator,  the  capacity  of  which  is  125,000  husbels, 
bsfi  ainoi?  built,  in  place  of  the  one  dL-struytxl,  and  businew  was  re- 
Bumed  on  December  1,  18SS,  which  moat  undoubtedly  will  prove  tM  great 
B  sucooas  as  formerly.  Mr.  Branch  is  a  member  of  the  A.  F,  A;  A.  M. 
Ue  is  also  an  active  member  and  worker  in  the  Chrietian  Cbaroh.     Foliti- 



ealiy  ho  in  a  Kcpoblicaa,  and  f]iiit«infla«ntiB,l  id  this  party.  He  U  liberal 
■B  n  cit)Z«D.  ami  faielily  revpectoJ  by  uU  who  know  him. 

H.  B.  BRAXCH  in  tbe  vldeflt  non  and  child  in  a  fnmily  of  two  cli)l< 
dM-n,  bom  January  12,  1S55,  in  FranbJin.  Johnson  County,  Ind.  His 
t»rr-nt<i  were  John  W.  nnd  Loui»u  (Alexftudcr)  Branch,  nativm  of  Kfto- 
mckj-  and  Indiana  reepcctiTPly,  They  wure  marrind  in  Gosport,  Ind., 
October  5,  1658,  tad  ttwn  w>itU«4  to  ]'>an);Iin.  rf-mnininc  ODtil  1^58, 
•ban  thfty  mowd  to  Go«pon,  where  they  remained  until  ISflO.  He  was 
appoioted  Deputy  Colleclor,  ami  mov«]  to  Torre  Bante,  remaining  u&lil 
18  iS,  when  tbcy  moved  to  MartJ&t>Ti]lu  and  engaged  in  the  stave  trade, 
and  at  prevent  reaido  in  Indianiipolis.  The  snbject  was  reured  in  Frank- 
lin,  Go«port  and  T4WTO  Hante,  in  tho  latter  placM  of  which  hn  rooftivod 
a  good  education  in  the  ^aded  achoola.  In  Kepta'mber,  1B77,  he  came 
to  MartiDsvillv.  and  u^>ok  the  puuition  of  bouk-ki-i>[ier  for  E.  F.  Branch  A 
Bro.,  and  is  bo  enjraj^od  at  pr^pnt.  On  BVbninry  12,  1R78,  he  married 
Sarah  A.  Comer,  daughter  of  Matbew  Cower,  a  pioneer  of  Muaresville. 
Bj  this  nnioD  there  wer»  two  chililron.  Mr.  Branch  \»  »  innmhor  of  the 
K.  of  P.  He  ia  an  actiTe  member  of  the  Bepnblican  party,  and  highly 
OBteemed  in  the  commnuity  in  which  he  livus.  He  is  a  loumber  of  the 
Campbollito  Church.  Daring  the  yeara  1872,  1878,  l87i.  iS^r^,  he  waa 
taleiersph  operator  in  Teire  Haute. 

MHS.  MAUTHA  A.  BROVGHTOX  {widow  of  John  Brooghton), 
is  a  native  of  Botetourt  County,  Vs..  and  was  bom  May  0,  1837, 
tbu  daa|;bt«r  of  Jacob  and  Nuncy  Echuldtt,  both  uativee  of  Virginia, 
vh«re  they  laarried.  They  afterward  moved  to  Kentncky;  thence  to 
Madison  Connty,  Ind. ;  thence  to  -To)inRon,  and  thence  to  iforgan  County. 
Their  family  eonHiitted  of  jFreininh,  Martha  A.,  Nancy  J.,  William, 
Jennie,  KHza,  Anna  and  JoHepb.  In  Juhneou  County,  Ind.,  our  snbject 
marriod  Jomw  Childo,  and  they  moved  to  Effingham  Coanty.  XIL,  in 
which  locality  Mr.  ChJlds  died.  In  1852,  Mni.  Childs  returned  to  John- 
■on  County,  Ind.,  and  wat^  there  weilded  to  Thomtw  Stout,  with  whom, 
Id  18&S,  ^e  moved  to  this  conaty,  where  be  died  in  1872i  (inally  itha 
wedded  John  Broughtun,  who  lt>ft  the  world  in  1S71).  Mra.  Broiighton 
baa  b*«n  the  mother  of  eight  children,  na  follown:  By  Mr.  Chi]d».  two, 
Boan  H.  and  an  infant  deceased,  and  by  Mr.  Stout,  nix^Oharlie  T., 
Albert  L.,  Nancy  A.,  William  W'.,  Hattio  F.  and  Joseph  H.  Mrs.  Bruugh- 
ton  ia  an  exemplary  and  highly  esteemed  lady. 

OOL.  JAilES  E.  BURTON  ww*  boru  in  Monroe  County,  Ind..  Septem- 
bttr,23.  1824.  is  a  won  of  John  and  Nancy  ('Widhard}  Burton,  the  former  a 
oative  of  Virginia,  bom  1784;  the  latter,  a  niitive  of  Delaware,  born 
171S2,  who,  after  their  marriag«  nbout  781VI.  emi^uted  to  MouroeCouoty, 
Ind.,  where  Mr.  Burton  built  a  mill  and  also  en^^agod  in  farming.  Ha 
was  aaoldier  o(  the  war  of  1812,  and  vins  tht>  owner  of  iuor«  than  ],(H)0 
aoreii  at  bis  death  in  IHfM);  hit*  wife  «iinf  j^wl  him  Bixleen  yearn.  Their 
famtlj  «*"  Susan  L.,  Jeeee  M..  Henry  W.,  Elizabeth  J..  John  W., 
Sytlta  A.,  Martha  L.,  Joei&b  P.  and  Jamo»  E.  Tho  g"^'^'!^'*^*^"'  *^f  ""^^^ 
■object,  Joaiah  Burton,  was  a  native  of  England,  who  hrM  loraU^  near 
Philadolpbia,  Penn.,  then  moved  to  Virginia,  thon  to  Kentnekv,  and 
oboat  1820  to  Morgan  County,  Ind.,  where  he  closed  bia  Ufa  fle  had 
been  twice  marhed  and  the  father  of  ten  children.  Jamea  E.  BurtoD  waa 
uukrn«d  Utiroh  23,  1848,  to  Miss  Cynthia  A.,  daughter  of  Jamoe  V.  and 
Maria  Biukirk,  aL-d  born  in  Monroe  Connty  January  81,  IKIJO.  They 
have  had  three  children  — David   P.,  John  M.  (deceased)  and  Jameo  S. 

176  BiooiuntirAi.  sKKtcum: 

Soon  aftnr  nmiria;^,  Sir.  Burton  moved  to  and  rvmaintKl  tn  Mor^n 
OonntT.  In  IStt],  he  enlisted  in  Company  H,  Thirtytbird  Indiana 
Tolnnteor  lafantry.  of  wliicli  h«  bM&mo  Cai>tatD  and  01'rvml  tlirue 
years.  U«  wan  woao(li>d  in  the  Ibigh  June  22,  ]SQ4.  and  in  Soptt>m- 
bar  WOK  priHDoted  Colonel,  which  be  held  until  miuttered  oat,  Aa^Bt, 
lSft.5.  Mr.  Biirbon  bns  twnn  Jnstii^a  of  tbo  Pence,  nnd  itt  a  metcbor  of  the 
MaeoDic  ordor  and  of  the  U.  £.  Church.  He  reeide^j  upon  his  own  farm 
of  349  acres. 

PATRICK  CAIN  is  a  native  of  Ireland;  was  burn  January,  7,  1820, 
and  in  ono  ot  the  fonr  ohildri>ii  bom  to  Thumas  and  Katie  C&in.  Iwth  of 
whom  were  natives  of  Iifland.  In  1846,  Patrick  Cain  emi^&tMl  from 
Irolnnd  to  KentucW,  and  in  the  autumn  of  that  yenr  moved  to  Clark 
County.  Iml.,  and  HubitiM{aeutly  to  Morgnii  County,  and  eettleii  in  Wash- 
ington Township,  wber»  bo  has  since  made  a  home,  and  is  the  owner  of 
480  acres  of  tine  land,  and  alto  where  ho  married  Ellon  Murkonroy,  which 
onion  hnn  rrauttAd  in  the  hirthH  of  sttrea  childrea — Frnncia  T.,  Edward 
L,  Williaiu.  Patrii^k  H.,  Joseph,  Hary  tiad  Rosie.  Mr.  and  Sirs.  Cain 
are  highly  cfltccmtfd  mumbern  of  tboir  community,  and  are  communioiuita 
of  the  Catholic  Church. 

EDWIN  W.  CALLIS  was  bom  in  Flomington,  Hnntordon  Conntf, 
N.  J.,  on  Jaaiinry  17.  IH27,  Uis  parents  were  nativesof  thnt  State.  He 
atteodod  school  uuttl  he  wu/n  abuut  'birt«>en years  of  nn»,  wheu  lie  waa  ap- 
prenticed to  the  printing  bu^ineBS  in  the  office  of  the  Hunterdon  (N.  J.) 
Democrat.  Ho  bad  a  natural  incliuabiou  and  taste  for  that  busiuuss,  and 
BervM  Hn  apprenticeship  of  five  yenrs.  Aftor  that  be  worked  in  various 
cities  and  towos,  in  New  Jersey  and  Pennsylvania,  until  tlie  year  1S47, 
when  h<.i  purchased  a  bolf  intoi*f»t  in  the  Mt.  Holly  (N.  J.)  Herald,  a 
Democratic  paper,  and  took  the  editorial  control  ot  that  paper  until  1851, 
wbeu  he  cuue  to  the  conclusion  that  he  would  like  to  master  the  "  art 
preservative  of  all  nrts  "  in  its  various  details.  Then  be  sold  his  intorest 
in  the  fterfthi.  and  removed  to  Philudeljtbiii,  Penu.,  where  he  worked  in 
the  leading  book,  job  iiud  newspaper  otbcos,  and  editod  and  publi;4hed  a 
literary  and  pictorial  paper  called  the  Famity  Ctmknt.  He  remained  in 
that  city  until  1855,  wfaon  ho  came  West,  to  Murtinsville,  Ind.,  and 
bought  the  Morgan  County  Gazette,  ae  the  paper  was  then  called.  It  wafl 
the  tirst  Republican  paper  published  in  Morgan  Connty,  and  oontinued 
in  that  faith  until  lo70,  when  local  differences  arose,  and  the  editor  and 
paper  filed  into  the  Democratic  party^the  party  to  which  Mr,  CalUs  ori^- 
innlly  belonged.  It  has  boeu  thoroutjhly  Demiitirntie  ever  since,  under 
bis  editorial  control,  and  has  done  eQieient  and  /nitbful  service  for  tbe 
DeiuocraLio  causes  Mr.  Callis  is  a  nutiu'ul  and  thorough  newspnpL'r  man. 
from  editor  to  prcssmnn,  and  ^tnnds  at  the  bend  of  bis  profession  wherever 
known.  He  has  a  wife  and  six  children.  The  latter,  four  girls  aad  two 
boys,  range  in  age  from  fourteen  to  thirty  years,  and  were  all  brought  up 
at  tbe  "  case.  " 

WILLIAM  P.  CLARK  is  &  native  of  Morgau  County,  Ind.,  born 
August  28.  38.15.  and  is  tbe  fourth  of  tbe  seven  children  of  John  and 
Isabella  (Major)  Clark,  both  born  in  Indiana  and  iu  the  same  year,  ISIO. 
Soon  after  their  marriago,  they  luovud  to  Tippecouoe  County,  and  thenon 
to  Morgan  County,  settling  in  this  township,  where  Mr.  Cliu-k  died  in 
1S44.  Mrs,  Clark  subsequeutly  marriod  William  U.  Craig,  and  died  in 
1881,   by  the  latter  mnn-iage  Incoming  the  mother  of  three  cliildren. 

William  P.  Clark  married,  February  12,  1S57,  Uimh  Keziah,  daughter  of 




iofcB  cDd  SBimh  Kndiwl.  Mi«.  Clark  divd  U&r  17,  1863.  and  May 
IT.  1(^4^  b«  m»rt<>d  JLlzina  U^  daughter  of  Lowis  and  Hannah  War- 
m.  Soon  after  this  marriage,  Mr.  Clark  moved  to  MartinsTille,  awl  in 
1873  pQwhMeJ  tb»  MiftiBfTilte  Ftoortog  UiUs,  io  rhkh  bodnm  of 
BtUi^  b*  WH  MgigtH  tor  St»  V6«r8.  En  Jqsa,  18:S3.  be  wwyr^d  to 
Aa  ten  tn  wkkh  hv  now  lime  Mr.  Clark  has  beoo  the  lattwr  ol  firo 
ekOdraa.  two  bf  bia  finrt  wit«.  Noah  J.  (deeeosad^  and  Minnie  <dec«aa«d), 
■ad  three  br  hts  seeood  wife— Lnla,  Oettie  and  John  W. 

JOH>'  X'  COBB  ttt  a  natiTP  of  Iforgaa  Coankjr.  IimL,  bom  Aogaafc 
to,  ISQO.  and  ta  deMeod&d  from  Tan  B.  and  EbirieC  A.  (KoUar)  Cobh. 
naime  nanaetrr«lr  of  KuiitDck5  and  Indiana.  Tbef  wvm  married, 
Smtombw  30.  18^.  in  this  coantr,  where  Mis.  Cobb  died  October  21. 
iSeO,  after  whi^  oor  rabj«ci  waa  taken  bj  his  gimndfatbar,  John  Xotler, 
Io  rear,  with  wbon  be  remained  until  1H81.  Jol;  SO.  18S^.  he  mar- 
ried JUuiettie,  dangblv  of  A.  i.  and  I>rlina  (Dyer)  Lafaiy,  of  Martins- 
?illc^  aad  bom  ia  tbia  eonnty  H v«h  20,  1 850.  Mr.  Cobb  is  a  v«rr  moeb 
Mtrwiiiarl  and  promising  young  man  and  a  member  of  the  Knights  of 
Fjtbtaa.     Ha  and  wife  ore  paroats  of  one  son — William  A. 

OOFPET  A  LIVINGSTON.  W&lter  S.  Coffer,  sooior  pertacr  of 
this  firm,  is  the  fifth  chilJ  of  Wilej  and  Harriet  (McDonald)  Coffer,  na- 
tbes  of  Indiana.  He  was  bora  six  miles  soothflsst  of  Spencer,  Owen 
CoontTt  Ind.,  May  IQ,  1858.  His  parents  were  married  in  Owen  CVmnty. 
and  located  on  a  lann  in  Clav  Township  in  that  ooautj,  where  the  father 
diftd  ia  1S70(  learing  his  widow  with  seTer&l  email  ebildreo.  which  sho 
hoa  reared.  She  is  now  lirinK  od  ihi>  old  farm,  halo  and  h«>artir. 
Walter  S.  Oiflby  waa  reared  on  thn  homo  farm  in  Owon  CoanU.  whero 
lie  reoeired  an  edncAtiou  in  the  district  schools  of  the  neighborhood. 
hy  ptrTeist4.>ut  vfturt  arxl  o1<m^  appUcattoo,  be  attained  a  proficieccy  in 
mnsic  seldom  cacell(>d.  Whi>a  tw^ntyoo^  t^kts  of  age,  he  was  employed 
by  F.  O.  White,  thv  wvU  known  manager  and  aotor,  as  loader  of  his 
ortbsiiti A,  and  for  three  yf>ars  traArelcd  with  him.  In  July,  1S83,  b* 
fonaed  a  paitnsnhip  with  W.  X.  Livingston  in  the  gmeev;  basiB«es  in 
MartiaaTitle,  and  ther  are  at  preeent  doing  a  large.  lucratiTO  buvinea. 
Mr.  Coffey  is  a  member  of  the  ChriatiaD  Cbnrch.  in  good  atondtog,  and 
an  adin*  and  inftosntial  ono  in  uphoMio^  its  principlos.  In  politiae,bs 
is  lib«TnL 

WtLLUH  N.  LimoRoii  was  bom  in  Clar  Townehip,  Owen  Ca, 
lad..  Angxut  21.  1S60.  His  parents,  Nalban  F.  and  EliEabctb 
(Keillt  LiTiogHton,  oatiTee  of  Virginia  and  Indiana  respectirply,  were 
married  in  Oreene  Cono^,  Ind.,  in  1857,  and  located  on  a  farm, 
wbero  they  remained  for  a  nnmber  of  rears,  and  thence  eame  to  Owen 
Coon^.  They  then  settled  ia  W'bit^  llall.  Clay  Township,  where  tbey 
aaU  mj  goods  for  some  time.  At  present  tbey  reside  nine  milivs  sontb- 
eoat  of  Sponeer,  on  a  farm  in  Clar  Township.  William  N.  Livingston 
ta  tbo  lacood  son  and  third  child  in  fsmily,  and  was  reared  andedooatod 
in  bit  native  township.  ~Wheo  nineteen  year»  of  sge,  be  was  eoiplojad 
by  y.  O.  Wliito  AS  s  member  of  his  band  and  orobestrs.  He  tntTeled 
with  him  tor  three  yeare.  In  Jnly.  1883.  Ifr.  LiTiiigston  wont  into  the 
gvonrybosiness,  in  putntvubip  with  W.  S.  Coffer,  in  MaitJii8TiJle>  where 
at  pr*>aent  tbey  are  doing  a  (mcoessfal  bosineBo.  Id  October.  1882,  he  was 
married  to  Rath  Coffey,  dangbter  of  Wiley  and  Harriet  Coffey,  natives 
of  Indiana,  sad  old  ptooeers  of  Owen  Coonty.  Mr.  Livingston  is  potifc- 
ieally  a  Democrat. 



&UTTUIAS  B.  COLLINS,  tteoona  cbild  in  a  family  of  tliroH.  wu 
bom  Prebruary  18,  18-L2.  in  Butler  Coanty,  Ohio.  Hib  parenlE,  Jacob 
and  May  A.  (Arbucklo)  OolIinB,  aati<r«R  of  I'mosjlTania  uid  Virf^inm 
rM|)ec(ively,  were  married  in  Ohio,  in  1837.  and  Ificated  Dear  Oiacinnati, 
where  the  father  fultowed  tbp  ooopor's  trade  and  formed  up  to  the  pros 
dot  tim«L  Uis  molber  died  Nurember  6,  1S77.  iMattbiaa  was  reared  and 
educat4>d  iu  CIomKinl.  County.  Ohio,  and  when  aiueteen  years  of  og» 
caiDo  to  Indiana  and  rnterod  the  employ  of  OAtrin):;!'  maDufn«tn,rers,  with 
whom  he  rem&ined  until  July,  1802.  Ue  enliiited  in  Company  I,  Tkirty- 
thini  Indiana  Volunttterx,  undor  Cnpt.  Houswr;  served  tlu-ee  y<>ara,  aud 
participated  in  the  following  engngementA :  Thompsoo'e  Station,  Rafiaca, 
CatiflTillo,  Ki^ntMUw  Mouutiiio,  Pouch  True  Creok,  Burnt  Hiokory  and 
Dallaf)  Woods;  ha  then  marched  with  Sbnrman  from  Atlanta  to  the  sea, 
and  took  part  in  the  battles  at  Stivannab,  BentoDTJlIe  and  Averyeboroi 
near  Uoldiiboro,  he  was  taken  prisoner,  and  liret  impriaoned  at  Danville, 
then  at  Libby.  Shortly  after,  he  waa  paroled,  and,  (^ing  to  Camp  Chasa, 
Ohio,  was  graut<.>d  a  furlough,  and  on  June  10,  lbr>&,  wan  honorably 
discharged.  Returning  to  Bartbolnraow  County,  Ind. ,  he  rexamed 
work  dt  earria^^e  foabing.  On  March  25.  1866,  he  was  married  to 
Minerva  L.  Komiuger.  of  Bartholomew  County.  One  year  iattir,  the>' 
removed  to  St  Louia,  lud.,  where  Jbv  engaged  in  wagon-making, 
reokaining  until  1872;  removing  thenoe  to  Miamiville,  Ohio,  he  engaged 
ID  photography  (which  he  had  learned  while  in  the  army),  traveling 
with  a  portable  gallery  until  in  1870,  when  he  cajne  tu  Martinsville  and 
has  sinoo  been  ancceBsfally  euguged  there  io  the  samo  buainees.  Mr. 
Collina  is  Senior  Wardon  of  the  A.  F.  &  A.  M..  Martinsville  Lodge,  No. 
74.  and  Officer  of  the  (luard  of  Pout  Na  77,  O.  A.  R.  Ho  is  a  Hepub- 
lican,  and  he  and  wile  are  uiembere  of  the  Methodist  Dpiscopal  Cburch, 
Thev  hav«  four  cliildreu — ^Ella  F. ,  Eugene  O. ,   Willie  A.  and  Mary  E. 

JOHN  C.  COMER  was  born  Uecomber  8,  1842.  in  Wayne  County, 
Ind.  Hifi  parente,  Joseph  and  Csth.<.T  (Uompton)  Comer,  were  nativHi  of 
South  Carolina  and  Ohio  rpapeciivflly.  The  former  came  to  Indiana  io 
J808,  when  aeven  years  of  age;  married  in  Ohio  in  1826,  and  lived  is 
Handriuke  and  Morgan  Countios  fur  ten  years,  when  lie  again  wont  to 
Wayne  County,  returning  io  Morgan  County  in  1802  and  locating  in 
Mooresville.  He  died  in  Februnry,  1876.  The  mother  died  in  January, 
1S08.  John  C.  Comer  is  the  eighth  son  and  eleventh  child,  and  wua 
reared  in  Wayne  uud  K&udolph  Comities  until  eight  yeare  of  age,  when 
be  went  with  his  pareQte  to  Iowa.  In  June,  1801,  he  enliated  in  Com- 
pany I,  Fourteenth  Iowa  Volunteers,  under  Capt.  Warren  C.  Jones.  He 
served  for  threo  and  a  half  years,  and  took  part  in  the  battles  of 
Fort  Henry,  Fort  Donelson,  Shiloh.  Corinth.  Jackson,  Tean. ;  Holly 
Springs,  VickBburg,  Canton.  Miss.  He  wae  in  the  Red  River  cam. 
paign,  and  at  Pilot  Knob.  In  December,  1804,  he  was  mustered  out, 
and  came  to  Morgan  County.  Ind. ;  ptu-cbaned  a  flouring  mill  at  Moores* 
ville,  ran  it  for  two  years,  and  then  pnrehased  a  saw  mill,  which  ho  ran 
until  1870.  He  next  farmed  for  two  yeare,  and  then  embarked  in  the 
lumber  businetttt,  fulloning  it  for  eight  years.  He  was  elected  Kherifl  of 
the  county  in  1S78,  and  two  years  later  was  re-elected.  After  faithfully 
fuUilling  the  duties  of  this  ofli&e  for  foiur  years,  he  bought  a  farm  of  SoS 
acres  iu  Bronii  Township,  and  is  at  present  farming.  In  April.  1860, 
he  vae  married  to  Miss  Annie  Qilbert,  of  Morgan  County.  They  bavo 
bad  six   cbtldrcu,  four  of  whom  an.-  living — Ella,  Robert,  Matttp  and 



DoUy.  Mc  CooMr  is  »  OMoaber  of  tbe  L  O.  O.  F.,  S.  of  H..  the  E.  of 
P.,  mad  of  tb»  O.  A.  B.  Ho  w  *  R«r>ablicaa,  and  with  hu  wife  u  a 
iMiDber  of  tbn  Methodtat  fipiacoiwl  Chorcb. 

JAMES  F.  COX.  attorn^  at  law.  was  bora  to  Monroe  CoddI;,  Ind.. 
Kay  15.  1S&2,  aad  u  a  aoo  of  B«t.  J.  Bridgemao  a&d  Martha  (Uooier) 
Coi-  He  ma  rawed  on  a  tarm,  atteodod  the  ootmty  achools.  aod  wbeu 
illeaB  began  hia  on  sapport.  aad  divided  his  lime  between  labor  aod 
Mllocrftii£.  At  itiiteteeD,  he  becaiDe.  a  teacher,  and  attended  the  Stat* 
rnlTRiiitir  for  thrre  jtun,  aftvr  which  ht^  taogLt  dimng  wtnUT  aad 
■Indied  lav  dmiof;  sonmer.  He  became  aa  eam«et  politician  betore  he 
baceipe  a  voier.  He  east  his  first  vote,  in  {aide,  tor  Horace  QnjclDy.  and 
flaa*  belbre  the  Dnoocratic  conrratioo  as  a  caiididat«>  for  Prosf-cnting 
AMonMy  of  the  Fifteenth  Circuit.  He  was  defeated  meagerW  after  b«. 
iac  nominated  otv  three  proounent  cum  i>i>ti  torn  from  thu  oodd^,  br  a 
DoalilioQof  Greene  andOweoCofmUes.  the  lattar  receiving  the  Jtu^  and 
the  foroer  tba  PvotMtilor.  In  1S7S,  he  was  made  Deputy  Coanqr 
PTDeacvting  Attorney,  ae  which  he  served  eigbteeo  months  before  resdgn- 
ing  tD  aoatrienlate  in  the  I^aw  Dejieruueul  uf  th»  University  of  Midiigan, 
favm  which  he  ^radoatcd  Uarch  21,  ISSO,  and  rutoroed  to  this  ooanty 
and  rvwomed  practice.  Aoj^nst  1,  Ihll,  he  married,  in  Bfown  County, 
lad.,  MtM  lUttie  K  Armstrong,  who  died  Febraaiy  14,  1880,  leaving  one 
diild— Leon  J. 

WILlilAM  COX.  a  natiTe  of  Ohio,  was  bora  near  Dayton  Ootobccr 
5,  1$2(\  and  is  the  eldest  son  and  swond  child  of  John  and  Nanoy  (Swiah- 
ard)  Cox.  natiTea  of  PeonsylTania.  They  caine  to  >[orgaii  Coanty  in 
1820.  and  bnilt  what  ix  known  as  High  Hock  Mills  in  JoQVtboq  Town- 
ship, on  White  Bi\-er.  which  ihcy  ran  antil  in  185f>.  The  father  then 
went  to  California,  wlitm-  Iil>  di*^^  in  March,  1^50.  The  mothur  died  io 
lias.  Snbjeot  was  reared  in  Blor^^an  Cbnnty,  where  he  was  edocsted, 
aad  tvnuuned  until  1843,  and  asajsted  hie  father  in  the  milL  Ho  thoo 
went  to  Wisconsin,  and  workml  in  the  lead  mines  for  two  years;  thence 
retarnin^  to  his  hume.  he  went  on  a  flat  boat  to  New  Orleans,  and  acted 
ta  pilot  on  a  flat-boat  for  twi-nty  yeary.  In  1S53,  h«  purchased  a  farm  in 
Jeflenon  Townsliip,  aad  farmed  after  his  twen^  years  on  the  river  ontil 
1ST7.  Hi'  then  nold  liin  farm,  and  removed  to  Martinsville,  where  In 
May  he  wan  apnoitited  City  Marsha],  nnd  is  at  prasaot  aerving  in  that 
capacity.  In  lS56,  he  watt  elecu-nl  Township  Trastoe,  and  aervod  two 
year*.  In  1S4~.  he  was  marriud  to  Jan«  Mill?,  daughter  of  Ja<,%t^  MilU, 
apioneerof  Morg^tin  Coanty.  Bytbis  union  tho'e  have  been  six  (^iMrvo^ 
four  of  whom  are  living — Lida.  Kntie,  Oeoige  W.  and  Stephao  J.  Mr. 
Cox  is  a  member  of  the  A.  F.  tk  A.  H,  MartinnviIIe  Lodge,  >to.  74.  He  is 
politically  a  Be]>oblican.      His  wife  is  a  member  of  the  Cbristiao  Church. 

OEOROE  W.  CRAMER  was  bom  in  Morris  County,  N.  J..  Octob^ 
27,  lS2ti,  and  is  a  son  of  Archibald  and  Mari;aret  Cramer,  the  former 
born  Jnly.  ]-*^(t3.  tht>  latter  in  1S02.  Ar^bibaM  Crnmer  was  a  son  of 
Abram  and  Rachel  (More)  Cramer,  who  were  natiTee  of  New  Jersey,  where 
tbay  lived  and  dii-d,  the  [>artiQt<>  of  eleven  childrvQ.  Arobibald  Cnunco' 
married  Margaret  Stephens,  and  after  living  in  Suiwex  and  Morris  Coon* 
ties,  emigrated  to  Morgan  Coanty,  In<.l.,  in  lt^3l^,  aod  di«d  May  7,  ISSSi, 
the  father  of  six  nhildnn— Sarah.  George  W.,  Emetine,  Dayton  D.,  Will- 
iam 8.  and  Nelson.  George  W.  Cramer,  December  22,  1S53,  in  this 
oooQ^,  married  Sarah  A,  daof^terof  James  and  Delilah  Crawford,  and 
bam  in  this  coanty  December  17,  l&U.     This  union  brought  fortJi  nine 


children — Mnrr  B.,  Tjeoorn  A.,  Hannah  M.,  Jucw  C,  -Tnlta,  CharlM  L., 
Roes  L.,  Archie  and  D«li)ah  M.  After  mairiase,  Sfr.  Crameq-  located  oq 
bis  home  farm  of  207  BcroH  of  weJI  improved  Hud  Talued  land.  Me  is  a 
tunch  Gwtoemod  0iti7.«n,  and  a  mttmbor  of  thu  Methodiat  Epiecopal  CliurcL. 
WILLUM  S.  CHAHBR.  n  sou  of  Archibald  and  Kargaret  Cramer, 
•was  born  id  thin  rouiity  Maroli  19.  1S4I.  Auffc«t  2,  1862,  bp  enliiitt«d  in 
Compaoj'  U,  Seventieth  Indiana  YoloateerSi  and  eerved  uutil  the  close 
of  the  n^ar.  He  was  wuumled  May  1&.  IS04,  at  the  battle  of  Hetsaca.  Ga- 
in the  left  iihoatder.  by  which  ho  was  di»iab1nd  for  a  time,  but  has  a  good 
arm;  record.  In  l&fUI,  in  partnerEbip  with  hie  fnther  and  a  brother,  he 
pttrdUMd  a  saw  mill  and  threttbing  tniichiQe.  all  onj^aging  id  tmi^  enter- 
priEe.  This  continued  nntil  1^71,  vhen  the  eonH  boaght  their  father's 
juteroot.  and  coDtioucd  thv  bu^inMs  until  1870.  when  WitUam  purohaHed 
the  intereKt  of  hiR  bniDier,  and  hiw  fiince  manngsd  thn  bURiiiriss  alone;  he 
16  also  interested  in  farming.  Janoary  4,  1S~I>,  at  Indiatispolis.  be  mar- 
ried Misa  Patiencp  M..  «  ^ann^tfr  of  Thcitnaa  J.  Broeillove.  who  diwl 
Msreh  19,  187-1,  having  borne  three  children— Frednripk  S.,  Laara  L. 
(d««oaMd),  and  Lillio  B.  Octobw  18,  1876,  Mr.  Crnmer  married  a 
itM»nd  wife,  Elizabeth  K.,  daughter  of  'William  and  Mary  A.  Ijoclchart, 
with  an  issue  of  five  children — Arthnr  V.  and  a  ttrin  (still-born).  John  N., 
Thomas  <i.  and  Nollie,  Mr.  Oramflr  ha-i  m^rvwl  hia  townrship  as  Asaeeeor. 
He  and  wife  are  membera  of  the  Methodist  EpiscupsI  Church. 

C-  a.  CRAKY.  bom  in  Franklin  Connty.  Ind.,  March  21,  184-1,  io  the 
youngeot  of  seven  Bona  and  twelve  rhildren,  and  was  reared  in  Indiana 
and  Ohio.  Of  bio  fiillier.  thy  Marttu»s\ille  Jfppi(WirE7ii  of  Augosl  Id,  18S3, 
publishee  the  follnwing;  "On  the  14tli  inet.,  Oea.  Willis  Crari"  suddenly 
died  «t  his  home,  near  Olney.  IlL  Oen.  Crary  was  eighty-one  years  old 
paut.  He  was  n  native  of  Vermont,  and  moved  to  Cincionati  in  1S13, 
where  ho  roHtded  for  thirty  yeara,  when  he  removed  to  Franklin  County, 
Ind.  Be  was  in  his  earlier  days  a  promin«iit  politician  of  Cincinnati. 
He  was  well  acqnainted  with  Gon.  William  Henry  Harrison,  and  was  a 
achoolmnte  and  chum  of  his  eon,  Scott  Harrisun,  tJie  father  of  Senator 
Ben  Harrison.  Shortly  after  he  attained  his  majority,  he  was  married  in 
Cincinnati  to  Mies  Almirn  Spencer,  a  native  of  Xew  York  State,  who  died 
in  1803.  Durioij  the  internal  improvement  furor  in  this  State,  he  wa'ta 
heavy  contractor  in  the  building  ot  the  White  Wat^r  Canal,  in  which  he 
lost  over  $2(),0fMi,  which  was  a  liberal  fortune  in  those  days.  Of  late 
.years,  he  had  resided  in  Illiuuia."  In  1859.  the  subject  of  this  sketch 
went  with  lii^  parents  to  McLean  County,  III.  He  received  a  good  Eii> 
glieh  ednostioQ,  tiad  in  August,  1861,  he  en) ieted  in  the  Fourteenth  Indi- 
ana Cavalry*,  under  Col.  T.  Lyle  Dickey,  aerring  for  (our  yean*.  He 
took  part  in  the  following  engag^mont* ;  Fort  Henry,  Fort  I>onel9on 
and  Shiloh  (at  which  he  was  Orderly  to  Oen.  Hurlbotl',  F'l-ora  espoaure, 
he  was  taken  with  the  typhoid  fever,  and  after  lying  in  the  hosjiiral  for 
Bouip  time  he  imas  diBPhorffod  for  disability.  In  the  fall  of  iS02.  he 
assisted  in  raising  a  compuny  and  returned  to  the  front.  On  the  IDth 
of  March,  IS03,  he  was  oommtssiaUKd  Second  Lieutenant,  One  Hundred 
and  Thirtieth  QlinoiB  lofsntry,  and  bad  the  honor  of  being  the  yoangMt 
00iami9BioDi>dofl!ceT  in  Illinois,  then  being  but  seventeen  years  of  age^  In 
the  battle  of  Port  (iibson,  his  Captain  was  wonnded,  and  the  First  Lien- 
tooaut  in  the  hospital,  so  he  assumed  the  command  of  his  company 
bhrongh  the  battles  uf  Itaymond.  the  entire  siege  of  Vick'^burg,  Jackson, 
Miss.,  and  some  few  others,  after  which  he  was  promoted  to  Firat  Lieu- 



ienaot,  Hin  nyiineot  Bpenl  the  winl«r  of  186::)-64  on  the  cotmi  of  Texas, 
atler  which  thev  retunie<l  to  New  Orleans,  and  on  theorjfanizationnf  the 
Bod  RJTor  Cnnii>aign,hrt  wnR  nppoii)t<Ml  on  tho  Rtaff  of  Oen.  W.  H.  Bnld- 

I  Trill,  of  Ihe  Second  Biigaile,  Fourth  Dirieion  of  the  Thirteenth  Army 
Cor[iB.  Biul  v«rv^  in  tliatca|ini>it}'  during  the«ulin<  L-uiiipaigu.  In  1S05, 
lie  recoivfxl  ao  hoDorsblv  dischar^  aod  returned  homo.  Uo  oat«r«d  tho 
Stnta  Tnivfiisity  at  Blootnington,  Ind.,  remaining  one  year.  In  1S06, 
hn  bof^n  fartninj^  in  Mor^n  County,  and  tivo  yoara  latter  movod  to  Mar- 
iinsrille,  renting  his  farm  of  2O0  acres  id  Jefferaon  Township.  Hnthon 
went  into  the  insorance  biisinew,  and  continaod  in  it  nntil  18S1,  wh«n 
be  went  into  the  employ  of  the  Goald  Sonthwdst  Knilroad  Syatem,  with 

. liettdqtiarters  ot  (iaiveston.  Tex,,  as  tniTcling,  freight  and  pamcngcr 
agODt,  remaining  noarly  two  vMini.  In  Diweiubeir,  Is82,  bn  nwignml  hia 
twsiticai  and  returned  to  Martinsville,  where  be  at  preeeat  resides.  He 
is  a  ntember  of  tho  O.  A.  H.  nnd  a  HvptiblicaQ. 

N.  T.  CUNKINGHAM,  of  the  firm  of  Canningham.  Bullinger  &. 
Fhidps,  dooltirs  in  gouornl  merchandido,  dry  goodts  groccrius.  boota  and 
sboffl,  oto.,  is  a  rftpr«<entntive  bnsina'*s  raan  of  Morgan  Connty.  and  was 
bora  in  MurtinHVille  October  1,  18^^.  fie  is  the  eon  of  Jamett  and  Ruldah 
(Lizenby)  CaDuinghaiQ,  nativm  of  Kentucky,  who  were  married  iu  that 

•Slate  An^nnt  15,  1820,  and  immediately  oame  to  tbi^  township.  The 
father  nt  tint  engaged  iu  famiinj;,  hut,  h«ing  a  hnninem  mnn  wan  noon 
ooonpied  in  atoolc  triiding,  hotel-keeping,  general  luerchnndiHing,  flat* 
tpoatinj;.  «tc.  Uv  di^l  in  MartiuHvillfi  July  10,  1856,  his  widow  fullow- 
Ing  M&y  1,  1S61.  N.  T.  Cnnniughauw&s  ronrod  a  Caniiur  tintil  ciKbt«en 
yean  of  age,  when  he  came  to  MartinftviUe  with  his  parents  and  assisted 
Dif)  father  in  his  hotel  and  other  bntiinme,  after  which  he  retomod  to 
farming  for  two  yean.  In  1858.  he  opened  a  general  store  in  Martins- 
ville Tinder  the  firm  name  of  CunniDglMua&  Stevi>nii;  thr^e  yean  later,  be 
pnn^bBsed  the  interoet  of  Mr.  Stevona,  and  has  eontinuftd  bueineea  to  the 
protitcnl  time,  a^ociatod  with  varioiia  others,  incUiding  W.  R.  Hheppard. 
S.  McCracken.  .lamet)  Sheppard  and  T,  Phel^w.  during  the  war  carrying 
on  two  stores.  The  pre^nl  firm  was  formed  iu  IS80,  the  partnen;  being 
Jaisra  Bollinger  and  T.  Pholpa,  and  tho  &nii  is  doing  a  thriving  trade. 
Vt.  Cunningham  hua  «.\sn  given  much  httention  to  stock  raising  and 
trading.  He  owns  nbont  800  acres  in  MorKon  County,  mostly  improved; 
he  has  laid  out  two  odditioos  to  Martinftville.  ownn  five  rooms  in  "Union 
Block,  and  has  invnated  much  mouey  in  building  enterprises.  He  was 
married  in  1862  to  Misa  Xettio  0.  Sboppord,  natiro  ot  Morgan  Couaty, 
■Dd  daagfater  of  Isaac  D.  Sbepjtard,  one  of  the  early  settlera.  Two 
children  have  Mnsand  this  imiou^C.  Sherman  and  Julie  M.  Mr,  Cun- 
oinghrun  is  a  Hepublii^an  and  MrH.  Cunniugliam  is  a  member  of  the 
Methodinl  GpiKCu[)al  Church. 

MAJIION  CT N\IN(iH.\M,  one  of  tho  most  onorgotio  and  «nieaeesfnl 
yoaug  farmera  ui  Morgan  Connty,  was  bom  in  Jefferson  Township  Au- 
grmt  3.  I860.  Hie  iiareuts  were  William  N.  and  Nauey  (Lankford)  Cnn- 
ningham.  natives  of  Kentucky  and  Virginia  respeotively,  who  were  mar- 
ried in  Morgan  County  in  an  early  day,  aud  were  well  known  among  the 
earliest  and  most  prominent  settlers.  Our  snhject  wiu  the  second  son  in 
R  family  of  four  children,  and  was  reared  in  Morgan  County,  obtaining 
in  the  dLttrirt  schools  the  rudiments  of  a  good  education.  On  the  22a 
dny  of  Septt-mbtr.  1S70.  bu -waa  miuried  to  Miss  Nancy  Tevcrbutigh, 
daughter  of  William  Tevcrbnugh,  an  iuflueutJal  and  rmpuclud  citiztiu  of 


Martin  Count}-,  I&d.  For  aboul  ono  year  after  bin  uorriage.  lie  farmed 
in  Morgan  Countj,  gmug  Uionoe  to  Davi«as  Countj,  Ind,  wh«re  he 
iatmed  for  two  vears.  at  the  und  of  wfaicb  time  be  returned  to  Morgan 
County,  nnd  contintiwi  farming  until  onrly  in  1S8] ,  whtrn  hi«  fnthor  (javo 
bini  the  t^filendid,  well  improved  farm  of  2U7  ucr«B,  one  mile  eoath  of 
Maniiw villi*,  whuro  he  at  pnwent  r««iide«-  In  oonni.«ttou  with  liitt  tami> 
ing  interests,  he  is  also  (ixt*a:iively  engaf^ed  in  the  slock  hiiBinoss,  and 
Lis  onorgy  Bod  inductrj-  ranlc  him  nmong  tbe  Baccessful  fanDers  of  tlie 

CYKUS  £.  DAVIS,  attorney  at  law,  vas  bom  in  Wasbingtoo  Cutrntf, 
lud.,  DL^Qember  17.  1850.  and  is  a  mod  of  Jamm  and  Maruia  E.  Davis, 
Cyms  was  reared  on  a  farm;  attended  unbool  during  the  winter,  and  when 
Eeventeon  yvurs  old  the  Sslum  Uigb  School  some  time,  in  18~(^  the  ^^oatU• 
Bra  Indiana  NnrmHl  School,  and  in  the  autumn  of  that  year  wait  enrolled 
in  the  State  Vuiversity  ui  Btoomington;  wiis  s  Etiidenf  four  yearm,  and 
graduatitl  ttit-rwfri^m  iti  June,  ISSO.  Id  July  of  thai  year,  lit-  came  to 
MHTtinsville,  engaged  in  reading  law  under  Col.  Jordan;  became  a  part. 
nprwithHon.  A.  M.  Cunning  in  lSSl;gTRdnato(l  fromthe  Law  Dopaitmrtnt 
of  the  Michigan  UniTersity  in  ISH2;  returned  to  NTartinsrille;  coDiinued 
the  practice  with  Mr.  Cunning  and  afterward  l)<>ciime  aiwociaLed  with  E. 
0.  St<)«lo,  under  the  6i-m  name  of  Davis  &  Steele.  Mr.  Davia  ie  a  mem- 
ber of  the  "Sijrma  Chi"  fratemitv> 

BKNJAMIX  DE8SAUER  is  the  fifth  non  and  eighth  child  in  a  fam- 
ily of  eleven  bom  to  Aaron  and  Fannie  (Goldsmith)  Dev^aauer,  nativea  of 
Oermany.  H'm  f)areuts  were  married  in  Baltimore,  Md.  in  1880,  where 
hie  father  followed  his  vocation  sb  mer(.-hnat  tailor;  Iheuce  he  removed 
to  MiBBOiiri;  remaiuo<l  until  iu  184:2.  and  then  went  to  Ohio;  locut<-d  in 
CiDoianati,  and  engaged  in  the  clothing  buKinens.  In  lS52,haembiirked 
in  the  general  booking  buBinees.  and  vas  tbue  engag<^>d  for  eight  yoarg, 
when  he  rutired  from  busiuees.  He  died  Novemlier  16,  ISOO;  his  wifa 
on  October  29,  1860.  Benjamin  DesBaiier  was  reared  in  Cincinnati,  ob< 
taiDod  n  ^rvx)  odncation  in  the  graded  schools  of  that  city,  and  when 
eighteen  years  of  agetoulc  a  complete  course  io  NeUon'sCommercial  Col- 
lege. When  twelve  yeare  of  age.  be  began  clerking  iu  a  general  luer- 
ohaudise  etore  in  Thorotown,  Ind;  tlien  clerked  at  vahoiw  pointe  nntil 
3875.  Hu  then  came  to  Martineville  in  September  of  that  year,  and 
formed  a  partnership  with  hi^  brother  David  in  the  clothing,  l)oot  and 
ahoe  business,  in  which  they  have  been  so  saccessfully  engaged,  their 
business  rooms  Wing  two  of  the  largest  In  the  town.  On  June  10. 1879, 
he  wna  married  to  Rebecca  Kronenberger,  daughter  of  Max  Kroneober- 
ger,  a  native  of  Germany.  Mr.  Dessnuer  is  a  member  of  the  K.  ol  P. 
Lodge.  Na  89. 

GEORGE  W.  EGBERT  (deeeaBed)  was  born  in  "Warren  County, 
Ohio,  Angust  25,  1824.  He  removed  with  bin  purt-ntw  to  Dearborn  Coun- 
ty, whore  they  remained  for  some  time;  thenef-  thoy  removed  to  Qreeo 
Towaship  while  George  W.  waabiit  alad,  in  which  community  he  grow  up 
to  manhood  re«-pected  and  held  in  high  esteem  by  all  who  knew  him.  He 
was  married  to  Misu  Mary  Williams,  February  1 1,  1847.  Keeiu-vivedhia 
wife  six  years,  Ue  at  one  time  served  as  Trustee  of  (Jreen  Township.  Id 
1870,  he  was  elected  Treasarar  of  Morgan  County.  Such  was  the  oon- 
tidnnce  reposed  in  him  by  the  [leople  that  they  committed  to  hifi  c«r« 
the  guardianship  and  settlement,  as  administrator,  of  many  estates,  all 
of  which  was  honestly  and  couscieutiouttly  performed.      He  was  iu  th« 



Sntg  trade  an  a  membOT  of  the  firm  of  Tarl^tou  &  Egbert,  vrbioh  pceitioD 
b»oeenpind  antil  hiu  fjiiling  benitfa  ndntotiJHhnd  bini  tbnt  b9  muftt  witb- 
draw  from  actire  busiDess,  aft«r  wbicb  he  gradually  esnk,  sufferiag  io- 
U>l«rabl*  pain.  H«>  died  Pabrtiary  18.  1882.  m  tLv>  lifiy-eighlb  jrear  of 
biB  tigB.  He  was  a  prominent  citii!«a  and  highly  eat«eiiied.  He  was  ef- 
ficient TIB  an  officer.  piTforming  all  dotiae  derolving  upon  bim  witb 
fld^ilit^  to  tbf)  count}-  and  credit  lo  bimRelf. 

DB.  URIAH  H.  FARIt  was  bom  in  tliia  oonntj'  Oetobeir  23,  3846, 
and  is  a  kod  of  Daniel  C.  and  SmtaDoa  (T«ae[u«)  Farr.  Daniol  O.  Fair 
waa  bom  in  Jefltirson  County,  Ky.,  Hay  S,  lolC,  moved  witb  bis  parnnts 
to  thia  Stnt4*  in  182'2,  and  naa  mnrriod  in  tbia  county  Febraary  '20,  1S34. 
to  MIm  SoRaiina  Teaeua.  Hn  afterward  pogagi^  at  farmiag  in  Ray 
Towndlip  witb  ^uecetw,  and  by  iudUKtry  waa  booh  enabled  U*  entet  laud 
until  b«  owned  300  aicree.  He  was  father  of  1hrt>e  ebildren,  and  died 
August  14.  1850.  August  0.  1803,  Dr.  V.  H.  Farr  Bulisted  in  Company 
B,  S«iv«»Dtit*th  Indiana  Volunttxr  Infantry,  in  which  ho  wrved  three 
yean,  and  was  in  the  following  battlen:  Reeaca,  New  Hope  Chnrcb, 
Keneaaw  Mountain,  Peach  Trtv  Cn><>l£,  tba  Atlanta  cutupaign,  the  march 
to  tba  sea.  Savannah  and  Utfntonville.  Ho  was  diBcharg^d  June,  1865, 
and  March  10,  INIMJ,  inarri<^  Miw  Surah  BlanbDnship,  with  a  reenlt  of 
four  children — Anna  A..  Kato  K,  Montan.i  K.  and  l>ani<il  B.  Dr.  Farr 
oontinuMl  farming  until  1^74,  when  be  began  tb«  etiidy  of  medicine  and 
attended  li-cturt^  at  iho  OoIleKe  of  Physicians  aud  S^urgfuns.  Iudiitna|)0- 
Ua,  from  which  be  graduated  in  l87fl.  After  practicing  at  Paragon  until 
1882,  he  ri'iaoTtHl  lu  thiB  town.  Dr.  Farr  also  took  u  coiurao  of  lectured 
at  the  X'niTerfiity  of  Pennsylvanin,  and  received  the  ad  ettttdan  degroe 

LEVI  FERGUSON  is  a  native  of  Pike  Coonty.  Ind..  and  bom  May 
29,  1841.  He  wBH  alao  reared  tn  Pike  County,  and  cummenced  theatudy 
of  law  at  the  ago  of  fifteen,  whioh  h«  contininvd  foiu-  years.  AujE^t  y, 
I860,  he  married  Miss  Ulary  B.  Montgomery,  who  died  February  13, 
1866.  leaviug  one  child — Florenoe.  July  I.  I8fll.  Mr.  Fergosou  on- 
liit«d  in  Company  A,  First  Indiami  Cavalry,  serving  in  this  and  in  the 
infantry  until  ISO^.  at  which  time  he  was  promoted  Ui  a.  (^ptaincy  and 
aasi^pd  to  Provost  AlnnkhHl  duty  in  the  Si-cond  Division,  .\iTny  of  the 
Bbenandoab.  alter  the  es]^>erience  of  buttle  in  many  sanguinary  engage- 
ments and  skinniohee.  After  the  war,  he  engaged  in  thu  praoticu  of  law 
in  Pptetvbarg,  Ind.,  where  be  continued  until  1877,  and  served  two 
terui*  OS  C>;unty  Auditor.  In  the  name  yoor,  he  removed  to  Martinsville 
and  transferred  faia  law  practice  hither.  In  INOS,  he  nmrritid  Mi^a 
Amelia  Thomn»,  which  union  waa  honored  by  two  childrnn — Ray  aad 
Uinntu.  In  1873,  i\i.  Ferguson  was  a  delegato  to  the  National  Kepub- 
licnn  Convention,  and  in  1870  a  Hayee  elector  for  the  Second  Congren- 
fii<>nal  District  for  thia  State. 

JOHN  J.  FKltTIG  is  the  elder  ..f  two  children  bom  i«  John 
S.  and  Fruucea  (Sarbmann)  Fertig,  uativeu  of  Oermuny,  who  were  mar- 
ried in  18&S.  in  Indiana,  whore  they  removed  in  1854.  Uis  father  waa  a 
carpet  weaver,  and  since  hia  mBrriage  has  resided  in  Madison,  Jeffenton 
Coanty,  Ind.  Hin  wife  died  January  20,  1873.  John  Fortig  was 
born  March  1,  18G(),  in  ^Indioon,  where  be  wat4  reared,  and  received  a 
good  Engliah  and  German  etliioatiou.  When  fifteen  ri^ant  uf  agv,  he  be- 
gan  loaming  the  trade  of  saddletroe  making,  which  he  followed  for  two 
jean.       He  aleu  learned  the  barber's  trode,    in  Madinou,  where  be  lol- 

lov^  it  for  ttiree  yoare.  Id  the  summer  of  IS80,  he  came  to  Martios- 
nlle  imd  worked  ul  ht»  tradu  uutil  id  1S82.  la  Uurcb,  18S3,  hv  pur- 
ohflMKl  8  bnrhor.fihop  of  T.  M.  tiillig,  wbicb  tut  refittod,  and  is  at  \vom- 
eat  ooDdactiag.  Mr.  f'artig  is  u  metobvr  of  tha  Catholic  Church,  and 
Active  io  tt«  tnuppcrt  Id  pnliticn.  lin  ifi  n  Democrat,  and  a  good  ciliKMi, 
always  readv  to  aeeiBt  in  even-  Iwaevuleut  undertuluug  io  pablio  eoter- 

JAMKS  FISHER  was  bora  io  Fickaway  Coooty,  Ohio.  JudbO,  1840, 
and  is  a  eon  of  William  and  Naney  (Fitzmimonn)  Fieher,  nntivM  of  New 
York  and  Uarj-laml  reepectirely.  The  fonner  was  killed  io  1840,  by  iha 
falling  of  a  tree,  aud  ic  IS45  bia  mother  mored  with  her  family  to  thiK 
ooDDty,  aft«nrard  marrring  Barney  DoDohac,  and  residing  in  tb<»  county 
nntil  her  death  in  1S74,  She  was  the  mother  of  ten  children — nine  by 
Mr.  Fiahw  and  ontt  by  Mr.  Donohiio.  James  Fislior  i«  thp  youuK«»t 
child  of  his  father's  family.  He  c&me  with  his  mother  and  bail  sinoe 
resided  in  thin  cotmty.  October  17,  I'STiO.  b»  married  Miss  Elizulwtb, 
daoj^htcr  of  Hiimiiel  K.  and  Mary  J.  Black,  ami  bom  October  17,  18:^. 
After  hia  marriage,  Mr.Fiahec  located  in  this  township,  of  which  he  io  a 
worthy  citizen.  Mr.and  Mrs.  Fii«horha¥e nine  children — AVilliam,  Mary 
A.,  Ellen,  Fraoei»,  Lnweoa,  Ida  E.,  Alice  B..  Jennie  and  Minnie.  Mr. 
Fiaher  wait  a  soldier  of  the  late  war,  baviD^  enlistod  in  Compituy  U, 
One  Hundred  and  Forty-eighth  Indiana  VoluDlu>eni,  and  eei-ved  from 
February,  iy'J4,  until  the  end  of  the  war. 

\VILLI.\M  L.  FUI.KKRSON  is  a  nativo  of  Siwtt  County,  Va.;  kbb 
bom  October  13,  lS'.i4,  and  is  one  of  tbe  family  of  Frederiek  and  Lovina 
(LB>«'Boa)  Fulkenon,  both  of  whom  wvre  uativm  of  Scott  County,  Vo., 
where  tbey  were  married,  and  whence,  iti  1882,  they  moved  to  Monroe 
County,  Ind..  aud  thore  cloBi:*d  their  labom  of  life.  Their  family  com- 
prised  seven  in  number — Nancy,  Sarab,  Elisabeth,  Catherine,  William 
L.,  Mary  and  Abraham.  William  L..  our  eubject,  married  iu  Monroe 
County.  Ind.,  Jnne  '22,  1848,  Mias  Sarah,  daughter  of  Eli  and  Mary 
Abemathy.  and  bom  in  Lincoln  County,  N.  C,  May  7,  1825.  In  the 
apriug  of  1S73.  Mr.  Fiilkersonmuveil  to  Morgan  County,  and  ^fettled  on 
the  farm  which  be  now  occitpiee  as  a  home,  aud  where  he  manatee  a 
dairy  and  HUppHeg  tbf>  town  of  Martiiis-rille  with  milk,  butter  and  chwee. 
Mr.  and  Mrst.  Fiilkerson  liavn  no  children. 

WILLIAM  G.  GABKISON.  a  native  of  Gregg  Township,  Morgan 
County.  Ind,,  was  born  I>ec«»mber  25.  1840,  His  parente,  William  aud 
Phet)e  (NorriBj  Garrison,  uativee  of  Kentucky,  were  married  in  1840,  in 
MiH^an  County.  lod..  and  located  in  Gre^g  Township,  where  thuy  CCHI- 
tinaed  to  live  nntil  184!S,  when  they  removed  to  a  farm  in  Jefferson 
Township.  There,  in  185^.  the  mother  died.  Tho  father  is  nt  present 
tiviii^  in  Warren  County,  Iowa.  He  came  to  Indiana  in  18*2.'),  and  ie 
one  of  the  earliest  and  best  citizens  of  Morgan  County.  William  G. 
Garriaon  ta  tht^  eldest  of  live  children- and  wae  roared  in  Gregg  and 
Jefferson  Townships  until  April.  ISRl.  He  enlisted  in  Company  it,  Scv- 
entJi  Indiana  Voluuteera,  under  Capt.  Jeff  K.  Scott,  in  the  three 
months'  service.  His  company  immediately  went  into  active  servic«,and 
he  took  part  in  the  battles  of  Philippi.  Cheat  Mountain,  Ourriok'B  Ford, 
etc  He  WHS  mnstered  out  August  3,  IHfll,  and  ia  July,  1^02,  he  re- 
enlisted  in  Company  H,  Seventieth  Indiana  Volonteere,  under  CapL  A. 
D.  Cunning.  He  served  uuLil  June  18,  1805,  and  took  part  in  the  bat* 
tlea  of  Kufisellville,  Itesaca,  Casaville,  Mew  Hope  Churdi,  Loat  Mount- 



mia.  Eeowaw.  Marietta,  Poach  Trcv  Cn«k.  AUuita.  Savannah, 
AverTsburo  and  Bpntonville.  Doting  RbormBn'ti  march  to  the  )>(>«,  hewafl 
eonaidared  on  expert  (oragt>r,  and  oomp  of  bi«  narrow  eucApM  on  vuriooa 
wpoditioon  artt  mtAreatiog  in  the  exti-eine.  In  Marcli,  1S02,  hu  waa 
DUiried  to  Sarah  Wiat<>r,  ilaughtcr  of  Qw]q^ei  and  Marj^  AYinter.  ptooeera 
of  Morgan  (7onntv.  Aftor  hU  roturn  rrom  tho  war  in  IStVt,  h*  followed 
bi»  Imde  as  stationary  fopneer,  nnttl  July,  1H7S,  when  he  wna  severely 
BttHckml  with  ocuto  rhonmntJMii  in  hi«  right  \ea,  which  mndohim  incapu- 
ble  of  labor.  In  October,  i87tt,  he  was  elei-^b^  &»  It«corder  of  Morffaa 
Coantj.  on  tho  lU'pablican  ticket,  and  fuiir  vean  later  was  ri>-elected  to 
tb«  same  office,  in  the  diuharge  of  which  dati«i  he  is  at  prtwiont  en- 
gaged. He  is  a  member  of  the  G.  A.  B  Hi»  wife  h  an  active  and 
laithfiil  member  of  the  ChriHtian  Church.  Thvy  hsTO  had  «igbt  childraD 
— OreBt«e,  Harriet  E.,  Xbomas  O.  (^deceased)  May.  Lnther,  Dot,  Annie 
(deoenM>d|  and  Purry. 

JOHN  GIBBS  WHB  bom  in  Wajne  Connty,  Kj.,  April  2,  1623.  and 
is  a  SOD  of  James  and  ]t(nry  Uibb«>,  both  natives  of  Kcotacky,  Thegrand- 
fetfaar  of  our  subject,  John  Gibba,  was  a  native  of  Ireland,  who  vmigratwl 
to  America. wbere  he  married,  lived  and  died,  the  parent  of  six  children. 
James  Gibbw  was  bom  in  Wayne  County,  Kj.,  Jnly  10,  1800,  where  be 
narried  Mary  Helton,  and  in  1S!I0  moved  to  Morgan  Connty,  Ind., 
wbeca  both  eloeed  their  Iivok,  the  parents  of  thirtueu  children.  John 
(Hbba  dovchI  with  hi&  pareoto  to  thia  State  in  1S30.  and  January  27. 
1848.  married  Mis«  SaruL,  daughter  of  Balpb  and  Roflinn  Cnrtwrighi. 
and  bom  in  Wmihin^on  County,  Lnd.,  .\prtl  27,  ]S2o,  a  union  which 
waa  followed  by  ten  children — James  E.,  Joeeph  D.,  John  F.,  Florence 
A..  Alice  C,  Mary  E.,  Martha  J.  (deceased^.  Kiszie  B..  Sarah  A.  and 
Aodrev.     Mr.  Gibbe  is  a  highly  resperted  citizen. 

CHARLE8  Bl  GliAVIS  i»  the  oldest  hod  and  third  child  bora  to 
Sabastian  and  Minerva  (Barker)  (iraviR,  natives  of  FennKylvnnia  and 
Ohio  respectivaly.  and  married  in  TVilliamsbiux,  Ohio,  in  i^'i\).  In 
1863.  they  removwi  to  lodianaitolia,  where  tho  father  at  pronent  reaidea. 
Tho  mother  dieil  in  July,  1S40.  Chbrle&  M.  Gravis  was  reared  and  edu- 
cated in  Ohio.  When  seventeen  yuorti  of  age.  beeolixtod  in  Company  B. 
Eigbty>niDth  Ohio  Volunteers,  under  C'apt.  William  A.  Townsend.  He 
serve^l  for  Ibrett  yt-arvi,  during  which  time  h^  participated  in  the  battles  at 
Uoovor^fl  Gap  and  Cbickamaaga.  At  tho  latter,  he  was  c&pturud.  and  put 
in  the  prison  on  Belle  IxUnd.  but  wasaoon  after  transferred  to  "  Libby," 
where  ho  remained  for  about  two  ysant.  From  there  he  waaaenttoUon- 
rille,  Va.,  and  incarcerated  for  five  months,  when  he  was  Iran^ferred  to 
AndarwoDTille.  He  remained  then*  fur  ueveu  inouttiitwhen  hu  was  paroled, 
and  oooD  after  exchanged,  immediately  returning  to  bib  company.  He 
participated  in  the  battle  at  Bi*Dtonvi)]u  and  a  number  of  akiimishos.  At 
thn  nloM)  of  the  war,  he  reiumnd  to  ('Inrmnnt  ('aunty,  Ohio,  kooq  after 
eoaing  to  Indiana,  where  be  learned  the  brickmason  trade  with  hitj  father. 
Ba  afterward  studied  medicine  with  Di.  D.  Wiley,  for  three  yeant.  In 
March,  187 J.  he  graduated  at  the  Indiana  Medical  College,  at  Indian- 
apolis, la  Irktptember,  1870,  bo  waamorriod  toSoriUi  C.  Smock,  a  native 
of  Indiana.  Tbey  had  aix  children — Walter.  Charlea,  William,  Ursnia, 
all  of  whom  are  dead;  Grocie  B.  and  Frederick  L.  are  living.  In  1871, 
be  began  the  pnict4««  of  hie  profeasion  tu  Southport.  Ind.,  and  from  there, 
eighteen  mouths  later,  removed  to  Indianapolis.  He  there  entered  into 
prsotioo,  und  in  the  dmg  businoM,  which  he  continued  for  throo  y««x«, 



retnrDiog  tbvnoe  to  Soutbport,  where  bereniaJDeduDtil  Beptembar.  1880. 
He  wiiB  ill  partnership  wiUi  Dr.  Gftiwgo  Sp»M.  io  Oleim'l  Vall«y, 
where  lie  remHiriEKl  eighteon  monthB.  whon  he  came  to  Marti  nnvi  lie,  where 
bt'  lEt  at  iirenent  vugngix]  in  tbe  |iTiu:ticu  of  bi»  prufiKsHiuu.  He  bus  filled 
all  the  cli&irfi  in  the  1.  O.  O.  F..  Sonthport  Lodge,  Na  39i,  and  of  the 
Orand  Iiodge.  He  is  ali^>  a  mt-'rub^  of  the  O.  A.  R.,  end  is  a  Itepnb- 
lican.     Himself  Hud  wife  are  menihers  of  the  Baptist  Cburch. 

SAJTUEti  S.  CiRIFFITT,  dealer  in  eroceriBB  and  qneensware,  is  car. 
rfiag  a  stock  of  $3,000,  with  about  $15,0(XI  aonuai  etileft.  Tbe  faUiiT  of 
otir  sabject.  Beoben  Qriffitty  wbb  bora  in  TeunesAee  in  17S7;  there  mar' 
ried,  in  1824,  to  Mi)w  Lovica  8beU,  and  in  1^34  removod  to  tbte  couQty, 
and  farmed  near  Morgontuvrn,  where  he  died  Noveinb<!>r,  1S7I.  Saaiael 
S.  Uriffitt  wiui  burn  ■□  this  cuutity  February  13,  1S!10:  reared  un  a  Form; 
taufirht  Hchoal  seme  lime;  engaj^ed  in  merebHOdiHing  at  Morf^antowD  from 
I860  to  lS5'it;  then  Bervod  as  Deputy  (loanty  Clerk  one  term,  and  in  the 
AwditorV  iiffice  for  neTeral  vearH.  February,  ISft^t.  he  raarrieil  Miwi  Re. 
bocoa  M.  Drumbeller,  which  union  gave  ieene  to  two  children,  Mary  aDd 
Noddii*.  Aftwr  1871,  Mr.  Griflitt  nnguged  in  tbu  burdwari-  ij-ade  for  five 
yeare,  and  senred  one  year  as  ^juperitl.teudent.  In  18^1,  be  on^af^ed  in 
his  prasADt  biujnees,  in  wbicb  he  has  been  oncoiumonly  succeaetal.  Mr. 
Grimtt  in  in  politics  a  Repnblican. 

HON.  GEORGE  W.  GRrBBS,  attorney.  Martinsviire,  was  born  in 
Franklin,  Jobneoa  County,  Iiid.,  i>epteaiber  2l\  1S42.  He  was  tbvsuouDd 
son  of  Richard  L.  and  Lduibb  (Anustrong)  Griibbs.  His  ancestors  came 
from  Pennsylraiiia.  Hi«  Grniidfftther  ArmntronK  wb*  a  soldier  in  the 
war  of  ISl'J.  The  subject  of  thin  aketcb  graduated  from  Franklin  County 
in  ISOl.  and  at  once  ouliat^d  iu  Company  I,  Seventh  Indiana  Ytilunteer 
Infantry.  From  this  timn  nntil  the  spring  of  18tt6,  ho  waa  on  activo 
dnty,  end  for  meritorious  conduct  be  rose  saccecoively  from  private  to 
Lieutenant,  Brevet  Cnpt«in,  and  m  the  Kummer  of  l?tU  wiw  commis- 
sioned Major  of  the  Forty-second  Regiment  Colored  Infantry,  General 
of  the  First  Brigade.  Third  Division.  Twentieth  Army  Curps.  He  was 
in  all  the  important  engagements  in  whieh  bis  regimont  participated, 
and  while  commandiog  the  Forty-second  Regiment  wbp  engaged  in  the 
XaAbvitlo  Ram|>a!gn.  From  the  close  of  the  war  until  be  was  niUMterMi 
out  of  service,  he  wfib  stationed  as  commander  at  Dectatur.  Ala.  Im- 
uediately  upon  Lis  relarn  from  the  field,  bu  entered  thelawotboe  of  I'or- 
ter.  Harrison  &  Fiahbaok.  at  Indianapolie,  and  began  tlie  study  of  the 
profemioD.  Ho  was  admitted  to  the  bar  in  186S.  and  remored  to  Mar- 
tinsville the  same  year.  In  1S78,  Uo  was  elected  by  the  Repablteans  of 
bia  district  to  the  Legiulature,  uud  eerved  with  ability,  being  honored 
with  the  chairmaoi<hip  of  Judiciary  Committi.x:>.  He  wait  ulix'tvd'  to  the 
State  Senate  in  1S78,  and  was  ap|>ointed  a  member  of  the  same  commit- 
tee. As  an  fttlorney,  the  reputation  of  Mr.  Grubbn  is  high.  Ho  waa  a 
delegate  to  tbe  National  Convention,  which  Douiinaled  Ueu.  Uraiit  for  the 
i*re»idency  in  1S68,  and  the  later  one  which  nominated  R.  B.  Hayes  in 
1876.  He  was  also  a  member  of  the  Electoral  CoMegn  in  1S72,  and  as- 
eiated  in  tbe  reelection  of  Gen.  Grant  He  has  also  been  a  constant  at- 
tendant of  the  Repiiblioan  State,  district  sod  county  conveatioos. 

SAMVEL  M.  GUTHRLDGE  is  tbe  second  child  in  a  family  of  t«n, 
and  was  bom  un  August  30,  ISM,  in  Greeu  Township,  Morgan  Co., 
Ind.  His  parents,  Lemnel  and  Elizabeth  (Feetcrs)  Guthridge.  nativea 
of  Ohio  and  Indiana  respectively,  shortly  after  marriage  located  on  a 

lorm  in  Greeo  Towasbip,  Moi^hd  Oonaty,  where  they  remained  nntil 
1&05.  They  re«iiov«d  tbenoo  toOope,  Ureoo  Towiuhip.  whore  the  father 
aogag^d  in  the  iii«rcaDtile  bu-smAAs,  find  oontiaaeil  th«r*«  for  three  years, 
wbm  he  wa«  elect«>d  County  Treasurer  on  the  Domocrstic  ticket.  He 
eerred  for  two  ycnrg,  antl  then  fornityl  n  |iartu«r»hip  with  J.  A.  Lewis  in 
tba  general  merobaiKliBo  buKineiiH.  which  firm  at  pre^etit  ih  doing  a  Ittcra- 
tire  trade.  Kamnol  M.  Ontliridg^  wns  r(>nr«d  nnil  odncnletl  in  bio  native 
towu8liil>-  In  1H72,  h«  entered  the  Mai'tmsvillQ  High  Scbrxil,  which  he 
■itsodeid  for  two  vears;  during  the  winters  of  187*2- 73-74,  he  taught 
eobool  in  Grcon  TowOHhip.  In  Fobroary,  1875,  he  oatered  Iho  Xorthuru 
lodiftDB  Normal  at  Viilparaiso,  remaining  until  Aagnst,  when  he  returcM 
lo  bis  home  and  wi'nt  U»  work  on  his  fatbor'a  farm.  In  1S7S,  he  r«iuoved 
with  Ills  parentft  to  ilartiDevilln  and  took  a  ponition  under  Lib  father  as 
Dspaty  Conner  Treasurer.  Junuury  1,  I87U,  he  formed  a  partnership 
with  W-  U.  Miller  in  thn  hardware  and  implement  biiRintwa,  nnd«r  the 
firm  name  of  Miller  Jk,  (lutbridg^.  He  is  u  member  of  the  A.  F.  &  A. 
H.,  Bfartiasville  l^dge,  Xo.  74,  and  of  the  I.  O.  O.  F.,  Martineville 
Jxdge,  No.  S74.  He  ie  also  a  member  of  the  K.  of  P.,  AnniverRftry 
Lodge,  No.  Sfi,  and  politicuJly  he  is  a  Democrat.  Uu  was  married  on 
Daeenabor  25,  lS7ft,  to  Alice  Egbert,  daughter  of  U.  W.  Egbert,  of 
Mcrgaa  Cotmty.  Tbejr  have  had  three  duJdieu,  Bemice,  Q-eorge  B. 
(deoMwed)  and  Nellie. 

WILEY  S.  HALTON.  Sheriff  of  Morgan  County,  ie  a  native  of  Owen 
Count/.  Ind..  and  wa«  boru  April  2S,  L848;  he  wtut  roait^d  in  the  txiuuty 
of  hi*  birth,  where.  April  15,  18^1,  he  enlisted  in  Company  H,  Four- 
teMtth  Indiniu  (lbre«  montbn')  Volnntoera,  nft«r  whioli  service  he  re-en- 
Itatod.  in  October  of  the  same  year,  in  Company  A,  Fifty-nisth  lodiaua 
Tolooteeis.  and  iterved  iu  the  following  engagements:  New  Madrid, 
CoriDtb,  Kaymond.  Jaoksoo,  Cbampioi]  Hills,  siege  of  Vicksborg,  Mia- 
tioaary  Ridge  and  Sherman'B  campaign  through  <leargi&  and  to  Waah- 
ingtoo.  Ait«ir  bis  discharge — July  2a,  1805— he  rosnitiiM]  (arming  in 
Ovon  County,  at  which  he  continued  three  years,  when  he  removed  to 
Uiia  ooanty  und  fiLrmfd  until  1882,  L'scopt  four  vears  pusslmJ  at  Eminence 
and  LonisTillo,  in  thi»connty.  Doonniber  7,  1817,  ho  mnrricd  ('ntherinn 
llnnday,  with  the  reenlt  of  five  children-  Mianie,  Alpha.  Daibv.  Ethel 
and  Clarence  (twins).  In  18S2,  Mr.  Halton  was  el«H^te«l  SberifT  by  the 
liepnblicann.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Masonic  fraternity,  and  also  of 
the  U.  A.  B.  He  owns  a  half  iut«r«8i  in  a  store  and  has  other  property 
in  LoaisTille. 

E.  K.  HAMILTON  was  bom  in  Vermont,  oa  September  15,  1843.  He 
la  the  youngettt  of  nine  children.  His  pareatA,  Jamftn  and  Sarah  (Plnm- 
K>T)H>iiiiilloD,  nativesof  Scotlaudaud  Vermont  respectively,  were  married 
in  Vermont,  and  located  in  Brattleboro,  reiiioviag  tbenoo  to  Kaudolph, 
Vt..  where  they  remained  fur  Bume  time.  In  lii4\i,  they  w&nt  to 
Lowdl,  Mnw. ,  whare  the  father  died  in  185t.  The  mother  at  present 
nsidBa  ID  Martinsville,  eighty-two  years  of  age.  E.  R.  Hamilton 
wan  reared  io  MuMachusetta  and  Yemiont  until  nineteen  years 
of  ago.  Xo  I'^Ol,  he  wont  to  Iowa,  remaining  for  a  Hhort  time,  and 
tbeo  went  to  TenneoBee,  where  he  clerked  for  »ix  months.  He  then  went 
to  Hemphis,  and  kept  books  for  the  RImwood  CeiuoWry  for  one  year. 
Ketuming  to  Venuont,  be  took  a  oonrae  at  "Kastnjan  Bneinees  College," 
and  gradnalod  in  the  fall  of  1803.  Hv  Ihou  ruturned  to  Memphis,  and 
took  a  elarkubip  under  Oen.  OrncK>  (Special  Agent  of  tha  United  States 



TntMoy  Departnieot).  aad  lie  remBined  ODfil  186!),  going  theo&e  to  Ver- 
ntODt  and  tlieu  to  Columbus,  Ind, .  wh<^ri<  bf>  k«[>l.  books  for  J.  H.  Phil- 
bvookii,  a  drj-  gooda  merchant.  Two  years  latar  ther  fonnod  a  partnor- 
Bfai|ii,  and  in  lS7'i  Mr.  Hnrailtoa  ]iiin.'lia».xl  bis  partoer's  intereftt.  and 
Osrriod  it  on  bv  bimitcilf  for  tbree  y<*Rix.  He  tben  camo  to  Martini'ville, 
and  went  into  tho  "walnut  Imubor"  biieiDees,  in  which  be  is  now  engaged. 
In  Jimo.  1861,  bo  was  married  to  Cor&  L.  Plumlej*,  of  Albony.  Tt 
Thoy  had  one  child  wbiob  died  when  yonng.  His  wife  dying,  ho  nnxt 
married,  in  IS70,  Mary  A.  UcEwcn.  Tbej  have  two  children,  Hary  A. 
and  SaniQsl,      Mr.  Hamilton  in  h.  ntsnch  R^ipiiblicftn, 

JOHN  T.  BAMMASS  was  born  in  Morgan  County,  Ind.,  December 
31.  1S30,  and  m  a  soil  of  Pryor  and  Matitda  (Btirk)  HammaoH,  both  of 
wbdm  cfima  to  this  conuty  in  the  early  days,  married  and  psased  the 
l«]ger  portion  of  their  lives;  Mr.  HammaiiB  diod  in  1806,  bat  Mm. 
HammaDB  is  y<«t  liriDg  in  tbia  cotinty.  Their  children  were  by  namio 
Juisbaa,  William,Harvey.  Audrew,  Mahala,  Mary.  George.  Martin,  Elijah, 
Adelino,  Uoatur,  ElizabeLb,  Khoda,  Kanoy,  Martha  and  Jobn  T.  Otir 
aubject  married  in  this  county.  August  16,  1857.  I>eUlah,  daughter  of 
Iran  and  Ir«iti  Voylee,  with  an  iswue  of  elpvcn  childn>n,  Catherine, 
Jamea,  Irena,  Robert,  Mary,  John.  Maria.  Sarah,  Clarieea.  Barley  aod 
Margaret.  In  August,  ISO'i,  Mr.  HammanB  enlioted  in  Compauy  fC, 
Heventieth  Indiana  Volunteers,  and  served  until  September,  ISfli,  on 
July  23  of  whiob  year,  at  Atluntu,  bo  was  wotinded  by  a  gnnfihot  passing 
tbroufh  hi!«  cheek  and  cutting  hie  tongue.  Mr.  Hamiaans  ia  an  honored 
citizen,  and  he  and  wife  are  members  of  the  Baptiet  Church. 

A.  S.  HAHT  18  the  ninth  child  iu  the  family  of  A.  B.  and  Sarah  A 
(Chippsi  Hart,  both  natives  of  Sufi^es  Connty,  N.  J.,  where  they  married, 
and  in  1840  moved  to  Morgan  County,  Ind..  and  made  there  a  home. 
Their  family  was  made  up  a.>i  followit:  Mercy.  Margaret,  Amos  S. ,  Mary, 
Aaron  R.,  Mahala,  John  W.,  Elizabeth  and  Emma.  A.  S.  Hart,  our  sub- 
j«Qt,  wab  bom  in  Morgan  Coanty  Duoeinber  12,  194^.  Xorember  24, 
1870,  he  married  Mis.sEmeline.  a  daughter  of  Maiville  and  Sarah  Shire- 
mnn.  and  a  native  of  this  courly,  born  July  ID,  1S4S.  This  union  was 
eadeared  by  the  following  family:  Harrj'  M.  (deceased),  Ora  A.,  Maggie 
M.,  Laura  A.  and  Adie.  Mr.  Hnrt  is  a  highly  esteemed  gentleman,  ft 
member  of  the  order  of  Odd  Fellows,  and  likewise  of  the  Methodist  Epia- 
eopul  Church. 

J.  H.  HART,  eldest  son  and  eighth  child  of  Henry  and  Catbarino 
(Bricker)  Hart,  natives  of  Pennsylvania,  was  bom  in  Franklin  Coun^ 
February  14,  IS52.  Hia  father  was  a  blackamith,  wbioh  trade  he  fol- 
lowed in  Meroersburg,  Franklin  Coanty.  from  the  time  of  his  marriage 
ttntil  the  fall  of  1852,  when  he  romoTod  to  Holem,  Owen  Coanty,  Ind. 
Remaining  two  years,  he  went  to  Quincy,  Owen  County,  where  he  died 
in  December,  ISSO.  J.  H.  Hart  was  reared  in  Quincy.  Owen  County, 
where  he  reofiv^  his  education.  AVheu  thirteen  years  of  age,  he  began 
working  with  the  farmers  in  the  neighborhood ;  Gontinned  for  three  years, 
and  then  oame  to  Martinsville;  he  was  employed  in  a  drug  store  here 
until  1874,  when  he  went  to  Indianapolis;  returning  in  a  short  time,  he 
formed  a  partnership  in  thedrug  business  with  James  P.  Baldwin.  Con- 
tinning  for  two  years  in  this,  he  aold  oat,  and  for  several  months  acted 
as  Deputy  Clerk  to  Willis  Record.  In  February,  1S7B.  he  waa  married 
to  Arra  Lindley,  daughter  of  Hobert  and  Cynthia  Lindley,  of  Mourovin, 
He  is  the  father  of  two  children,  Lillian  £.  and  Beryl.     Iu  the  fall  of 



1S78,  ill.  Hart  openod  a  drag  storo  in  Monrovia,  removing  hie  stocJc 
■  km)  jearB  tstor  to  MnrtiosTille,  irhere  he  ia  at  present  <]oin}r  a  lucnibiTo 

CLAUKSON  C.  HARVEY  was  bcm  in  Browo  Townslup,  Mo^au 

Oooo^,  Ind.,  October  12,  1S5S.     His  parents,  Robert  luid  Sarah  (Hadley) 

I'Harvey,  went  nntivwt  of  Ohio  and   North  Caroiiiin  roBpectively,  aod  of 

&<x>t«h-Irieb  extraction.     They  are  QuakerB,  and  in  1833  Bettlwl  in  Bmwn 

'  TuwTLsbip  UD  a  farm  of  200  &ct»s,  wh^i~t>  thev  have  bIqca  reKided.  Clark- 

MD  O.  Harvf>y  is  tho   sitventh  nnn    and   ninth  <!bild  in  n  family  of  twelre 

children,  and  being  raised  on  tho  form,  received  a  very  ordinary  ediira- 

tiun  in  the  district  Bchools  of  hin  nntive  lowntihip,   r<?moiniug  at  home 

until  in  hia  twenty-first  year,  when  he  went  into  the  employ  of  a  ^'''^'-'ly 

,  tUBrcbant  in  tbu  town  of  Mooresvillo.     About  hovi>u  mouthe  later,  be  went 

1o  HtJDois,  and  worked  for  wme  time  at  farming  in  Ford  Connty.     In 

'  Beplenbor,  1874,  be  removed  to  Martinsville,  where  be  opened  a  restau- 

irant,  and  atprswntenjoysa  liicratirebnsinem.     Mr.  Harvey  is  identified 

witb  the  Repablican  party.      He  was  married,  January  14. 1877,  to  Annis 

H.  Gni^ry,  a  Uaii;;Ltvr  of  Td,  W.  and  O.  D.  Grvi^oi-y,   piunoero  vt  Mor- 

Sin  Coonty.     He  is  a  meiclier  of  the  ^lethodiiit  Chnrch  in  good  standin^f. 
i«  wifei  bos  lx«n  at-teotive  to  ber  ilutiee  as  o  member  of  the  Christian 
Cbnrrb.     Thev  have  two  rhildien,  Hnrlon  and  Olivia. 

CHARLE-S  HASTINGS  in  a  native  of  Franktiu  County,  Ind.,  was 

fborn  September  2,  1820,  and  in  a  Aon  of  Job  and  Keziah  HoHtings.     Job 

Hastings  was  bom  near  Pittaburgh,  Penn.,  whore  he  marripd;  afterward 

removed  to  Franklin  County,   Ind.,    and  thonce,    in  1S35,   to  Morgan 

County,  where  be  ended  his  life.     Hie  family  wao  as  follows:  Matilda, 

'Hary,  Bwtie.  Sarah.  OhorU-s,  Kelly.  Hannah  C,  Eebocca.  Eliza  J.  and 

Martha  A.     Thn  grandrnther  of  our  [iiibjr«t,  Isaac  Hnstingw,  wa>t  a  native 

of  England  who  BeltJed   near  Pittsburgh,  Penn.,   but  died   in   Franklin 

J  County,  Ind.,  the  fnther  of  nine  cbildrou.     Charles  Hnstings  married, 

[ja&oary   1,  1S50,  Susanna,  daughter  of  John  and  Sarali   Rudicel,    and 

Laoon  afterward   lucated  at  his  present   bocie,  which  comprisim  a  farm  of 

r475  acres  of  fruitful  and  improved  land.     lie  id  a  genial  gentleman  and 

irespeett^  citizen.     Mr.  and  Mr«.  Hastings  have  been  parents  of  four 

^children — Louiaa  I..  X[ary  A.  (decoased),  Evangeline  and  AVilliam  C. 

ATOTIN  HATLEY  was  bom  in  Chatham  Coonty,  N.  C,  September 
IC,  1822,  and  is  the  eldest  of  the  family  of  William  and  Mortba  (Bow- 
era)  Hstley,  natives  respectively  nf  North  and  South  Carolina,  who 
□MVed  to  this  State  and  cuunly  in  18^2,  where  tbey  closed  their  lives — 
be  io  16-(7,  and  she  eight  yearn  later.  They  were  paienta  of  ten  chi)> 
dren — Harriet,  Jacob,  William.  Jnmes,  Leroy.  Mimirva.  EHzu.  Polly. 
Elizabotti  A.  and  Aattin.  (hir  Riibject  haa  remained  in  thia  isounty  8tne« 
bronght  hither  by  bin  parents.  December  Iti,  1850,  he  married  Catbo- 
rine,  daughter  uf  Harvey  and  Susan  'Williams.  lu  1800,  Mr.  HatlOT 
loeatad  on  his  present  farm,  previoaa  to  which,  in  1868,  his  wife  died, 
and  afterward  he  married  Harab  Wilson,  who  died  in  1872,  whereupon, 
in  1873,  he  married  Frankie  K,  Martin.  Mr.  Hatlcy  ha«  boon  the  par- 
ent of  fifteen  children  in  all—W^illiam  H.,  Martha  A.  (deceased),  Henry 
J.,  Elizabeth  J.,  Uixjrge  W.,  Thomas  M.  (dtsx-nsod),  Lafayette  and  three 
•muuned,  by  hia  drsl;  Harah  <*.  (decouseJi  and  Harriet  M  (deeeiisedl,  by 
hi*  HGcnd,  and  Mury  A.,  Uichord  P.  (deceasedj  and  Xancy  £.,  by  his 
third  wife. 


LEROT  8.  HATLEY,  fifth  son  and  sixth  child  of 
tba  (OiIe«)  Hatlof,  naiivw  of  Nortli  Carulirin,  aud  uf  8c<]tch  nml  Eiif*liBh 
oztrflctioQ,  was  born  April  7,  1S37,  in  Waj^hintjtoa  Townabip.  Moi^au 
Countr,  Ind.  Hik  parents  c«mH  to  IndisDa  from  Nurtli  Curuiiua.  whHr<> 
th«y  wi^TQ  marriod,  and  loratfid  in  Mor^ao  County,  whoro  tiia  fnthor  ditxl 
July  li,  1S47.  The  mother  died  April  15,  \Sho.  The  father  ent**red  & 
(arm  of  '220  acres,  wliiob  he  farmed  during  the  last  few  yvan  of  hU  Ufa. 
Leroj  S.  Uatley,  wbea  nineteoD  years  of  a^,  went  into  the  employ  of 
J.  M.  &  S.  M.  Mitflbull,  worked  on  their  farm  fur  three  yoam,  aud  after- 
ward worked  for  P.  Ikl.  Parks  tintii  April,  1^1)1.  Hn  thnn  enliiitpil  in  tho 
three  months*  service,  in  Company  K,  Seventh  Indiana  Infantry,  \iDder 
Capt  J*>IT-  K.  Scott.  He  participated  in  the  battles  at  PhtUppi, 
Beaiiugton,  Lanrel  Hill  and  Carrick'H  I'ord,  and  at  the  oxpiratiou  of 
this  term  uf  iturvicu  be  r»tiirniMl  to  bin  home.  On  July  7,  l802,  ho  en- 
list^ in  Company  li.  Seventieth  Indiana  Volimteeris  under  Capt.  A.  0. 
OoQDing,  and  participated  in  the  following  enga^emeutt;;  Riiaeol Ivillo, 
Bosacn,  Marietta  and  Atlanta.  He  marobed  tritb  Sherman  to  tbe  aea, 
and  took  ao  acLire  part  at  Bentonrilie.  and  then  on  with  Sherman  to 
Washington,  After  the  battle  at  Atlanta,  ho  wn»  proinot«d  to  Second 
Lieutenant,  which  position  he  filled  until  Jnne  S,  1K05,  when  he  re- 
ceived an  honorable  di^eliarge  at  Waabiugluu.  Aftt>r  tbe  war  clobod,  be 
returned  hom»,  and  for  two  y«ars  farmed.  remoriDg  tbea  to  Illinoie, 
where  fur  two  years  bo  waa  again  engaged  in  agricuUiiral  purauils.  after 
whiob  ho  reiiimed  to  Morgan  County,  locntiog  in  Martinsville  nhortly 
aftorward.  He  owdb  12U  acres  of  ezcelleat  farm  land  in  the  county, 
the  cultivation  of  which  he  superintends.  H^  waa  fur  two  years  A»- 
aeeeor  of  Washington  Township,  also  eerred  tho  same  length  of  time  as 
Towuflhip  Trustee.  He  was  Deputy  Sheriff  (or  one  year,  and  for  some  lime 
City  Marshal.  March  20,  ISi'2,  he  married  Kate  Watkins,  daughter  of 
John  A.  Watkiue,  a  pioneer  of  Morgan  County.  Mr.  Hatley  is  a  mem- 
ber of  the  K.  of  P.,  Anuiver9ar>'  Lodge.  \o.  SO.  an  active  Hepublican, 
and  he  and  wife  are  members  or  the  Cbrietian  Chmob.  They  have  bad 
three  children — Oecar  (deoeaeod),  BftHsie  and  Maudio. 

EBESEZETl  HENDERSON  (ex-AuJitor  nf  State)  was  born  in  this 
oouuty  June  2,  1833.  Hie  duties  called  him  to  Indiauapolie  ijuiti)  often, 
and  he  rc-otded  tberu  from  January,  1875,  until  1S7U.  Hit)  parents, 
Jomee  C.  and  Marj'  (Pieroy)  Henderson,  nativea  of  Shelby  County,  Ky., 
were  married  in  July,  1831.  Thoy  came  to  Morgan  County  the  following 
fall,  and  tbe  father  entered  eighty  acrea  of  laud  Hve  mi  lea  Bouth  of  Mar- 
tinjiiville.  He  built  a  «Hbin,  and  began  to  clear  tbe  witdernesB.  At  bis 
death.  January  S,  lSfl7,  he  owned  30(1  aojes  of  land.  The  mother  died 
in  Martinsville,  October  25,  I87U.  Ebenezer  HenderBon  was  educated 
in  Morgnu  <3QUTity  in  the  threo-raouthe'  winter  echouls.  At  the  age  of 
twenty,  be  entered  the  State  University  at  Bloomington,  where  he  re- 
mainod  for  two  years.  On  returning  bume.  ha  took  charge  of  bis  father's 
farm  and  traded  in  stook,  faat  aecnmulating  money.  Ho  was  married,  in 
IS&D,  to  AoD  C.  Hunt,  daughl«r  of  a  neigboring  farmer,  soon  after  which 
he  was  appointed  Deputy  County  Treasurer,  in  which  office  he  served  for 
four  yearn.  In  1811(3,  he  received  the  nomination,  on  the  Democratio 
ticket,  for  County  Treasurer.  Id  ISCS.  ho  wiio  uumiuated  for  Statu  Sen- 
ator for  the  counticu  of  Morgan  and  Johnson,  was  elected,  and  served 
four  yearn.  On  rotiriog  from  this  office,  he  gave  bis  attention  to  his 
esteiuiTe  form,  and  tbe  erection  of  a  large  pork-packing  house  in  &Iar- 



tinsFille.  vrbieb  «rafi  run  under  the  firni  namo  of  Honclontoo,  Pm-kit  &  Co. 
until  ISSO,  ood  nowiuiclcx  tbefino  niuueof  HurlBoii,  Parks  &  Oa  In  1KT4, 
tM  was  plRcted  Auditor  of  StRte.  and  was  re-olected  on**  year  later.  »vrv- 
ing  for  tliree  y^on.  Ho  was  chown  by  tbe  Democratic  paity  in  tbeir 
State  Conrention  a  m<>iiib«r  of  thu  Btatt-  CVntnil  CommittM'  for  the  In- 
disnapoliii  DJElricI,  wbicb  positioD  be  <>ccnpi«d  fur  two  yoani.  At  |irt«' 
Hit,  b*  r4>iiidG«  in  Martinsville,  in  tbe  full  vi^^or  nod  urime  of  bia  man- 
bood.  He  is  tbe  fatber  of  tiix  cbildicn — Fannit?,  Llla,  Muggie  June^ 
'Willtntu.  Howard  and  Court 

COltNELR'S  HILL,  a  nattte  of  Indiana,  waa  bora  Anmist  S3, 
1830.  in  Bicbmuiid.  Wayne  County.  His  parents,  Thomas  and  Elizabeth 
<White)  Hill,  native  of  Indiana  and  Xortb  Carolina  rM|)ect>TBly.  were 
nanied  io  Indiana  in  18S3,  and  locating  in  Hicbmond,  Ibv  fatbt-r  fol- 
lowed tb«  cnrjienber'a  trade.  In  1S3S,  thuy  r«moTed  to  Grant  County, 
to  a  farto.  where  in  August,  1848,  the  f alhor'n  dMitb  occnrrod.  Xho  nvothcr 
died  tn  April.  1805.  Ctn-nclias  was  the  eldcet  sod  and  second  child,  and 
wa»  PMirod  in  Oraot  Connty  until  t>i^bt  vMim  of  ago:tb(<u  witb  bi>i mother 
b«  went  to  WaebingtOQ  Connty.  SUortly  after,  they  removed  to  Ornnge 
Cotuty,  wberu  be  obtained  a  good  oducatioo.  \V'bou  Koventeun  yearn  of 
age,  he  bugan  working  on  a  farm,  wbiob  bo  continuod  onttl  the  fall  of 
lo&Ot  when  be  coioe  to  Morgan  County  and  tanned  near  Mourenyille  for 
aom*  time.  In  1659,  be  went  into  tbe  oonfecttonory  biuinem,  and  about 
OBA  year  later,  be  west  to  Kentucky,  tanued  for  eome  time,  retuming 
thanoa  to  Indiasapolia.  In  18^2,  bu  enlisted  in  Cumptmy  B,  Seven- 
tieth Indiana  Volunteen>,  nnder  Samuel  Harriman,  and  served  fornnorly 
tbrev  yoant,  actir^  fui  Corporal.  Ho  took  port  In  the  battles  nt  Iteeaca, 
Atlanta,  Feocb  Trt*  Creek,  ATerysboro,  Cae«vi!le.  Kenveww  Mountain 
and  Bentonville.  After  the  cloee  of  the  war,  he  located  in  Martin  County, 
Ind.,  as  stationary  ftrnf^Xieae.  lo  Uarob,  1840,  be  woa  married  to  Lotba 
A.  OreeeoD,  of  Morgan  Oonnty.  They  have  one  chi  Id — Mabel  Pearl.  In 
1874,  ho  went  into  the  confeotiunery  businees  a^in.  lu  Xovember  of 
1879.  be  Bold  a  bnU  interest  and  added  a  stock  of  (^rucerics.  In  August 
of  tbe  next  ye&i-,  be  went  to  Wabash  and  opened  a  bakery  and  confec- 
liODary,  wkicb  be  continufd  to  mu  for  one  ynnr,  when  be  eome  book  to  Unr- 
ttnarillo,  where  be  is  at  present  engaged  in  a  Incrative  tmsioeas.  Mr. 
Hill  18  a  mombtir  of  tbe  A.  F.  ^  A.  H.  and  of  the  G.  A.  R,  and  ia 
politically  a  R^nbliean.  Hia  wife  is  an  active  meml^er  of  the  Ueth- 
odist  Cbnrcb. 

JARVIS  J.  HILTON,  a  natiTn  of  Indiana,  wan  )x>m  SoptAmbwr  21. 
1850,  in  Morgantown,  Morgan  County.  He  was  tbe  second  mn  and 
foorth  child  of  i^maley  C.  and  Sarah  \.  fJuneei  Hilton,  nativt^  of  Indi- 
ana and  Kentucky  resjtectively.  His  parents  were  married  in  Jobnsoa 
Coiuitj,  Ind.,  where  they  remained  for  9omo  time,  removing  thence  to 
Morgan  Connty,  where  bis  father  followed  enbinet-niaking  and  citrpentcr- 
ing  until  his  dealb.  whicb  occurred  OeIubi>r  5, 1877.  Tbe  mother  at  pree- 
eot  reaidea  in  Uorgaotown.  In  April,  1S0(),  Jarvis  J.  Hilton  was  em- 
ployed as  cl«'k  in  a  general  merrbiuicliHe  st<H-e,  where  be  remained  for 
thiM  year*.  Htn  tfa«s  went  ioto  the  employ  of  tbe  National  I'ubUshliif' 
Oompnny  for  a  short  time,  after  wbicb  be  wafl  ia  Franklin,  Ind.,  foraome 
tiiDa  Beturuiug  to  Horgantowu,  be  clerked  for  Samuel  Rozengarten, 
•  iMMbant  in  that  place,  until  in  thf>  fall  of  1877;  aft«rward  for  another 
nnrebant  in  the  town  until  December,  1878.  Meanwhile  he  bad  been 
rmdiog  law,  ^nd  in  Notember,  1877,  was  admitted  to  the  bar  in  Morgan 


Oonnty.  He  is  at  prasQct  extoDsiTolj*  en^&ffed  in  tbo  practice  of  lotr 
aiu3  peniiiati  bmiQem  in  MHrtinsvillt*.  Tn  ISSl,  he  was  Hpjxiintecl  DepQtv 
Proeecutinc  Attoruoy  aud  »E>rv(>d  crtiJitably  (or  about  two  y^sre.  In 
April.  187i,  he  was  marriud  to  Itla  M.  Skiatier.  daughter  of  Oeorgo  Vi'. 
Skinner,  a  pioneer  of  Morgan  Comity.  IJy  this  imioD  there  was  one 
child— Fr«d  H.,  Nov^iub^r  1^,  1870.  Hia  wife  dyinfir,  be  vas  next  mar- 
ried, May  0,  1K80.  to  Flora  B.  Pervin,  daughter  of  George  C  Pervia,  a 
citizen  uf  Johnson  County.  Mr.  Hiliou  ia  a  ut^vnber  of  the  1.  O.  O.  F., 
nttd  18  at  preoeut  Prelatv  of  the  K.  of  P.,  Anniversary  Lodge,  No.  80. 

D.  L.  HIKE  was  born  in  Lincoln  Coimfcy.  N.  C,  May  26,  1829,  and 
ia  tho  yoangoat  child  of  Philip  aiid  Mary  M.  (Sbnlford)  Hine,  the  former 
bom  in  Oermany  iu  1774,  the  latter  in  Lincoln  County,  N.  C,  in  17N4. 
Philip  Hirv  emigrated  to  America  in  17tl5.  and  located  in  Lincolu  Coun- 
ty, N.  C,  where  he  married  in  IS03.  Jn  1S38,  thwy  moved  to  Min-gan 
County,  Ini,  where  they  ended  their  days,  he  in  ISyU,  lihe  in  lS4-t. 
Their  family  comprised  eleven  children — Klixabeth,  treorgo  J.,  Barbara, 
Paniel  S.,  Henry,  Anna,  Philip  J.,  Claro,  John  W.,  Sarah  and  David  L, 
Our  Bubjvct  mnrrietl  in  tbia  couutVi  July  0,  1850.  Mies  Sarah,  daughter 
of  Cutter  and  Klizahoth  Salmon,  and  born  in  MorrLA  County,  N.  .T.,  July 
21,  WH;  she  di*d  December  '25,  1876,  having  borne  one  child— Flora  B. 
Febmary  IW,  IfiTO,  Mr.  Hino  married  Miew  Jennie,  daughter  of  'Winiam 
and  Cynthia  Clark,  and  born  in  Appanooee  County.  Iowa,  November  11, 
1850.  Tbc  rMult  of  this  oniou  waa  tvo  nhildren — Qoatry  1:1.  aud 
Edna  M. 

HTKAM  J,  HIXSON  was  bom  in  Mooresville,  Morgan  County,  De- 
cembeiT^I,  l^|A^.  Uis  parents,  William  H.  and  Mary  (Butner)  Hinson, 
natives  of  Xorth  Carolina,  were  married  in  Morgan  County,  and  located 
in  Mooroflville,  where  tlie  fnther  hsjt  farmed,  and  they  at  present  roaide. 
Hiram  J.  Uinaon  :h  thefourth  »on  and  c.hild  of  afamily  of  nine  children. 
He  wa»  roared  ami  educated  In  bin  native  town.  When  sixteen  years  of 
age,  ho  began  working  on  a  farm  in  the  neighborhood  and  continued  to 
farm  for  five  yeont.  In  ISOl,  he  began  learning  tbecubinet-mukiiif;  with 
hiB  nnolo  in  MooresTillo.  Kemaining  with  bim  for  two  and  a  hn)f  years, 
be  came  to  Martinsville.  Hera  be  entered  the  employ  of  Lewis  &  Ca, 
and  in  1873  he  opened  a  shop  of  his  own  in  Sfonroria,  Morgan  Connty, 
and  after  one  year  in  this,  he  returned  to  Martinsville.  He  then  en- 
tered the  employ  of  J.  A.  Luwix,  a  furniture  dealer,  with  whom  bo  re- 
mained for  fonr  yenra.  On  December  23,  1878,  be  became  a  partner  -tt 
Vr.  W.  Kennedy  in  the  same  business,  having  bought  his  afcoek  oC  Mr. 
Lewie.  Three  years  later  he  purchaaod  the  other  bnlf  interest,  aud  has  since 
carried  on  thebusitiess  by  biumelf,  at  present  being  uue  of  Marti nsvi  1  le'n 
most  successful  aud  enterprising  nierobuntn.  Ho  has  o  stock  of  furniture 
worth  $4,0(10,  and  i.<i  alno  doing  a  superior  c\ttsH  of  nndortaking.  Mr. 
Hin^OTi  IB  a  member  of  the  A.  F.  &  A.  M,  UartJUBVille  Lodge,  No.  74. 
Polilicallv  bf  in  a  Hepubticau. 

GEOKGE  HUBBARD,  bom  in  Columbue.  Bartholomew  Co..  Ind.. 
June  31,  1843,  is  the  liftb  of  six  sons  bom  to  John  C.  and  Hannah 
(Brice)  Hubbard,  nativea  of  Conneoticnt  and  Pennsylvania.  In  Aogiiat, 
1832,  iieeali8t»d  iu  Company  A,  Ninoty-tliird  Indiana  Volunteers,  under 
Capt,  Charleg  Hubbard.  He  nerved  for  three  years,  and  took  part  at 
Jackson.  Miss.,  Vickeburg  and  the  Mobile  campaign.  After  the  war.  he 
resided  in  Edinbmg  until  iSfli',  and  then  went  to  Colnmbua,  Ind. ,  where 
be  remained  four  years  iu  the  geueral  merohandiee  businesa.      In  1873, 



he  went  into  the  liimberboBineiw  aod  ran  a  saw  mill  Id  BarUiolomeTr  Coao- 
tj  for  throe  y«ure,  when  he  again  went  into  the  }^neral  tnercbaodiBebui- 
ioesB  in  Colnmbtis.  In  iha  fall  of  I87S,  bv  remoTod  to  Seymour,  Ind.; 
vent  into  the  »aw  mill  bunineiM  Rgain.  aftorward  going  to  Bartholomew 
Coontf  uide4igaging  in  the  samn  business  for  a  abort  titae.  In  ItJSO.  be 
ma  uppoiotttd  Dvputy  Hbvriffiii  that  county,  eerring  for  two  yeaxH,  when 
1m  eama  to  Martiosville,  where,  beoomlug  a  p&rtnor  in  thc>  srw  and  plan* 
io£  uillft,  h«  mannf actnree  doors  aod  subea  and  builders'  and  ^oernl  m«r- 
chandia*.  Septeinbfr  11,  1882,  he  wa.'i  cnarried  to  Hannah  B.  SteveoH, 
daof^bter  of  John  and  Mary  Steveua.  citizi>DH  uf  Ohio.  Mr.  Hubbard  ia 
a  membor  of  Uio  K.  of  P..  and  in  politics  in  a  etancb  Kopnblicon.  His 
wife  ia  a  member  of  the  Preebyteriau  Cfaurob. 

D.  P.  KENNEDY,  M.  D.,  wa^  born  in  Moi^an  Connty  February  19, 
1S45.  and  ie  the  son  of  Luke  C.  and  Jane  iBIockford)  Kennedy,  who  were 
bom  and  marriei]  in  Kentucky,  but  wert-  early  aettlentof  JetTurtionTowD- 
«bip,  tbi)«  counts,-,  where  the  father  ntill  reeidea-  The  mother  diM  in 
1854,  leaving  sereo  children,  of  whom  D.  P.  ie  the  yonngeet.  The 
early  dayx  of  Dr.  Kennedy  were  passed  on  th*  home  farm  and  attending 
the  district  school.  At  the  age  of  eeveuteen,  be  enlieted  in  Company  H, 
Seventieth  Indiana  Infantry,  in  August.  lSf)2.  and  served  three  yeara, 
lalciag  part  as  private  and  non-oommiaaioued  oflicer  in  the  fighta  at  Butt- 
sard  Booei,  Beeaca, 'iolgutha  Church  and  Peach  Tree  Creek;  be  waa  101 
day«  under  Ure  in  the  Atlanta  campaign,  anil  went  through  with  Sher- 
man to  ttie  sea:  he  aavr  the  anrreDder  of  Juhnston  and  was  in  the  grand 
tvriew  nt  WuBhiogton.  At  Uul^tha,  bo  was  nhot  through  tbe  nuee  and 
mooth;  bin  maater>out  look  place  in  June.  lSOr>.  On  hiH  return,  hn 
tanoed  in  JeOenoa  Township  on«  y^ar;  then  attended  and  taught  school 
two  yeara;  tlieD  commenced  the  atiidy  of  medicine  at  Farat^ou  with  Dr. 
John  Kennedy,  with  whom  he  remained  nearly  three  yeara.  He  grad- 
aatod  fxois  the  Cinoinnnti  Eclectic  Medical  College  in  1S7<),  retiirnod  to 
Pmgoo,  and  for  seven  years  was  in  praotioe  in  partnerahip  with  bia 
brother.  lu  March,  1877,  he  came  to  Marti  usvi  lis,  where  he  ha^  ever 
nnoa  oajuyed  an  eiteneivu  and  lucrative  patronage.  He  is  a  meotber  of 
the  8ute  Eclectic  Medical  Society,  of  the  O.  A.  B.  and  E.  of  P..  and  in 
politico  in  a  Kepnblicnn.  In  1871,  hn  married  Mias  M.  Olive  Cbambora, 
who  bna  borne  bimtwo  children— Alexander  R.  and  Park  \V.  Mrs,  Ken- 
nedy i«  a  native  of  Hendrioka  County,  Ind.,  and  is  a  member  of  tbe 
Metbodiet  Episcopal  Chiireh. 

THOMAS  A.  KENNEDY  ia  the  aizih (ton  and  tenth  rbild  of  Jobo  and 
Mary  K.  (.Alexander)  Kennedy,  nativea  of  Virginia,  and  of  Sootch-Irisb 
dflsoeat.  He  waa  bom,  October  IH,  iH4'6,  in  Georgetown,  Brown  Co., 
Ind.  Hia  parento  were  married  in  or  near  Oreenville,  Tenn.,  about 
182B.  where  they  lived  for  seven  years,  removing  thence  to  Indiana  They 
located  in  Johoson  County,  and  iu  \S-ih.  mured  to  Brown  County.  Lo- 
oating  in  Georgetown,  hii>  father  followed  merchandiAing  for  neveral 
jean,  and  afterward  engaged  in  fanutDg,  which  he  followed  until  his 
dMlfa  ID  It^fVt;  bia  mother  ia  Atill  living  in  Brown  County  at  tbe  age  of 
asrveDty-eight      Thomas,   when  eighteen  yeare  of  age,  enlisted  in  Com- 

Ekoy  C,  Twenty  aeoond  Indiana  Volunteent,  under  Col.  Jeff  C-  Davie. 
R  aerved  for  four  years,  and  took  part  in  the  figbtn  at  Pea  Ridge,  Stone 
Biver  and  Miaaiou  Ridge,  and  in  almost  eveiy  encounter  from  the  last- 
Btmad  battle  to  Peach  Inreo  Oeek,  where  be  was  made  a  prisoner  of  war, 
baiDg  placed  in  Auilereonville  Prison,  und  thence  removed  to  Charleston, 


S.  C;  then  to  Floreoce,  remaioiiig  a  priBoaer  altogvUier  ubout  eight 
numtlut,  when  he  was  diHcliarged  naJer  n  general  orrlwr.  He  re-enliHt«d 
and  took  part  in  Uie  Chattanooga  campaign.  He  wont  to  Uie  ri<lief  of 
Burnsido  before  Knoxrille.  and  thitnce  rottirned  to  ChattauouKB-  Id 
Jane.  1865,  he  receivwl  bu  honorable  discbarge  and  ratumed  to  bis  homo 
in  BrowTk  Ccunty,  wbero,  iu  January  following  lie  vas  married  to  Sa- 
mantha  Davia,  of  TirKinia-  They  bare  aevtni  cliildreo — 'William  D., 
itoEH,  C!en«>nt  R.,  Orrin  and  Odfll  (twitw),  Earl  ajid  Pearl  (Iwiua). 
Alit/r  hie  morriai^',  be  fanned  in  Brown  County  and  tbc>n  in  Illiuoia  for 
three  yeure,  after  which  he  removud  to  Johonon  County  and  became 
agent  for  the  Singer  Sewing  Machine  Company.  In  Februarj't  1S7K,  he 
came  to  MartinsviJIe,  wh«re  be  baa  since  reeided,  repreeeoting  the  same 
company.  Mr.  Kennedy  in  a  member  ot  the  K.  of  P..  and  with  his  wife 
is  an  notire  member  of  the  Uiiwionary  Baptiat  Cburob.  Volitiosllyho  i» 
a  Democrat. 

JAMES  P.  KENNEDY  was  brwn  in  Brown  County.  Ind,  on  May 
8,  1849.  Hie  parent<>,  John  and  Mary  (Alexander)  Kennedy,  were  na- 
iiTos  of  Virginia.  James  P.  is  thi-  youngest  vf  a  family  uf  scveu  cbil- 
dren.  He  wa«  reared  and  educated  in  Bronn  County.  When  he  was 
nineteen  yeara  of  age.  ho  entered  the  employ  o(  WiHiam  Stufford,  o  fanner 
in  JohnaoQ  Connty,  where  he  remained  for  one  year.  Ho  was  then  em- 
ployed by  George  W.  Ware,  of  Amity,  to  work  in  a  saw  mill  and  Btave 
factory,  with  whom  be  remained  for  three  yeart.  He  then  began  farming 
io  Johnnon  County  and  continued  for  eight  years,  after  which,  in  187U, 
he  sold  out  and  cnme  to  Martinsville.  He  was  here  employed  by  the 
Singer  Sewing  Machine  Com)tany.  In  Febrnarj-,  1S.S2.  he  formed  a 
partnerahip  with  A.  P.  ShieIdH,  and  purchased  the  "BedCloud"  saloon, 
wbwo  he  id  at  prciont  enjoying  a  incrative  trade.  Ue  was  married  oli 
December  17,  1808,  to  Addie  Mitchell,  daughter  uf  Jfunes  A.  Mitchell, 
a  citizen  of  JoboMiD  County,  Thoy  have  four  ehildrfn-WilJio  E.AVal- 
ter  A.,  Maudie  and  Cecil  C.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Kennedy  are  id<jntilied  with 
the  Christian  Chnrch,  and  Mr.  Kennedy  in  politically  a  Democrat 

DR.CH.lRLESA.KESSINGERwiLsbora,FobmBryS,  1S53,  in  Athens 
Oonuty,  Ohio.  He  is  the  eldeet  child,  and  second  tiun  of  Joeeph  L.  and 
Mary  (Jewutt)  Kensinger.  natives  of  Ohio,  wbo  were  married  in  tbeir  ua- 
tire  placa.  The  father  was  elected  Sheriff  of  the  connty  in  1852,  and 
served  for  four  years.  lu  1808,  hu  wao  appointed  Inti-rnul  Kevutiue  Col- 
lector, which  oflSce  he  filled  for  ten  years.  He  servtid  all  throngh  the 
war,  and  waa  commissioned  Captain  of  the  Fortieth  Ohio  for  meritorioue 
conduct  Charl&s  A.  Kessinger  wa«  rwareil  in  Athens  Connty,  where  he 
receivod  a  good  collegiate  edueation  in  the  Ohio  University.  In  1873, 
be  began  reading  m&dicine  with  Di.  A.  B.  Frame,  of  Atbona,  and  con- 
tiuaed  for  three  years,  during  which  time  he  graduated  at  the  Ohio  Med> 
ical  College  at  Cinoinuati  in  the  spring  of  1N76.  April  S,  1870,  he  was 
appointed  Superintendent  of  the  Ohio  Fenitentitiry  Honpital,  and  served 
6ve  yesrs.  In  March.  1883,  he  came  to  Martinsville  and  entered  the 
rc^ilar  practice,  and  is  at  present  so  engaged.  On  September  1ft,  ISSS, 
he  was  married  here  to  Julia  D.  Blackstone,  daughter  of  Dr.  D.  B.  Black- 
stono.  Mr.  Keesiuger  is  A  mombtr  of  the  A.  F.  &.  A.  M,,  P&nuacxtia 
Lodge,  Athens.'Ohio.  Politically  ho  is  a  Republican.  He  is  eminent  as  a 
practitioner  and  resiiected  as  a  citizen. 

LINDEN  LAUGHLIN  is  a  native  of  Owen  County,  Ind.,  was  bom 
May  9,  1882,  and  is  directly  d(«cended  from  William  and  Nancy  (Mac- 


kiiidloyt  Laugbliu.  oativM  rtMpectirelj  of  Teoaneseev  nml  Indiaua,  nod  of 
Irish  axtritetioQ.  They  were  parentK  of  fonr  obildron,  naiDoly:  Mnrr  J., 
John,  ilatilds  and  Lind^o,  The  subj««(  of  thi«  «k«tch.  Liodon  L«ngfa. 
tin,  married,  Jannary  11,  ISfiA,  in  this  county,  Miw)  Mai^,  Hanghtor  of 
William  and  Sarah  Srav<>r.  and  a  nativ<>  uf  tliie  ouuoty.  boru  October  2G, 
1885.  This  miiou  wiut  oDd«arcd  and  ct>mt^>[itixl  by  the  blfsain);  of  two 
childrfin  —  Fraticie  M.  and  Margaret  J.,  both  of  whom  ar«  deceased.  Mr. 
Laiighliii  it'  n  wnllkoowD  and  moeb-respectcd  citizen. 

KKANCIH  C.  LliOYD  is  the  yonogeet  bod  in  ti  fiunily  of  eight  cliil- 
dreo,  bum  to  Ow<-u  and  Sarab  (Colemant  Lloyd,  nativm  of  Ireland  and 
Obio,  raflpeetivnly.  He  wan  bom  in  Morfran  Connty,  Ind.,  Kopt^niba^r 
10;  1852,  Uifi  paiente  vere  married  in  Ohio  and  lived  there  ontil  IHVK 
wfaMi  ibey  came  to  Indiana  and  loeated  in  Moi^an  County,  on  a  farm  of 
320  aercflt  a  part  of  which  he  entered,  and  wh(ir«,  in  tb«  fall  enjoyment  of 
excellent  bealtli,  tbuy  at  priweat  residoi  FranrU  C  Lloyd  was  reared 
on  tbo  old  homo  farm  in  Morgnn  C'onntir.  whnre  he  obtaisrd  a  f^txHl  mln- 
eatioQ  in  the  district  schools.  In  1871,  he  went  to  Indian«|)oIis 
and  eni«r«d  the  wholmale  and  rMail  meat  bu8iDt«t^  when<  bo  tv- 
natned  for  two  years.  He  then  vent  to  Morgan  County  and  oommenced 
farmioe  tbon.  la  1877,  bo  w<>itt  into  tbv  mi>nt  buBiuetw  iu  Mur^jun- 
town,  Morgan  Connty;  r^moTing  thenoe  to  MartinoTillo,  bo  ojienvd 
a  meat  market  and  after  twoy««T«  in  this  was  elected  DefMity  Sheriff. 
Id  April.  1883,  be  entered  tbo  grocery  bneinuM  and  ia  at  preeent  carrying 
ooqaite  asacoesfifal  bosinees,  one  door  north  of  the  poet  office.  In  Oc- 
lobtr,  1871.  ho  wa«  married  in  P&rift.  111.,  to  Mifl^Margaret  Konuan.  a 
dsoghter  of  Hiram  and  Annie  Normfui,  old  and  re<^>ected  citizens  of 
Morgan  Connty.  By  tbiii  union  tber»  were  six  children — Ira,  Bertha, 
Edua.  Kdgar  (deceased)  Effii^  ttud  Uarry.  Mr.  Lloyd  and  wife  are  meu- 
ber«  of  the  Muthodiai  Episcopal  Chnrch.  He  is  a  member  of  the  L  O. 
O.  F. ,  Martinsville  Lodg^',  Xo.  274,  and  in  n  Kepnblicnn. 

CHAKLES  LOKQ  iii  a  native  of  Morgan  County,  Ind.,  and  was  bom 
July  24,  ISJO,  bi»  parenta  being  Samnel  and  Nancy  (Smith)  Long,  both 
of  whom  were  cativee  of  North  Carolina,  and  who  at  a  v«rT  early  tinieemi- 
to  lliiii  county,  where  they  lived  until  ovprtaken  by  death.  Hamut'l 
waa  twice  married,  and  wna  tbo  father  of  twolve  children — •lamen 
B.,  Oh&rloA.  Alexander.  Minerva,  ^Villiam,  Elijah.  Lizah,  Erastue,  Eras- 
poa  and  tbreo  others.  Charles,  bavin^  rumiiiued  in  Lbu  couuly  of  his 
birth,  marriivl.  November,  1840,  EUzabotb  Asher.  Tieyhad  a  family  of 
fourteoD  children — Miovr^'a,  Nancy,  Alice.  Oeorge  (ducouiied).  Martha 
(ilaoMaed),  Charlea,  William,  Alexander,  Cotwy,  Julia,  Fdwin,  and  tbr«e 
wlio  died  is  infuicy.  Mr.  Long  in  a  pleasatit  gentleman  and  a  greatly 
respootod  citizen. 

HAEVEV  McDANIEL  la  a  native  of  Pnlaafci  Comity,  Ky..  waa  bom 
Atignst  '29,  182{>,  and  i»  tbe  fifth  of  tbo  family  of  Sponcor  and  Mnrtba 
McUaniel,  natives  of  Virginia  and  TeDDCAnee  renpectively.  The  grnud- 
fotber  of  our  ttubjtwt  was  also  a  uatir^of  VirgiDia.  where  he  married,  and 
in  th«  early  time  emigrated  to  Pulaeki  County,  Ky.,  tborw  continuing  to 
reaide  until  hia  dot'oiitM.'.  His  family  wjuHisted  uf  I'olly.  Williau],  Ktie- 
abeth,  Jobo  and  Speneer.  Spencer  McDanitd  wiu)  born  in  l~^iZ,  and  in 
Kentuclcy  married  Martha  Derosset,  with  whum,  in  1834,  he  moved  to 
jklonroe,  and  1h«  following  year  to  Morgan  County.  Ind. .  where  be  closed 
bia  life  Januarj'  21,  1871.  He  bud  been  a  soldier  in  the  war  of  lHi2, 
■ad  the  parent  of    eight  oluldn-n — Mary,  Bardiu,  Eliuibvth.  duinna, 



Samantba,  Jalia.  Clarinds  and  Harv(>y.  B&rvej  McD&niel.  Jasaaiy  10, 
1850,  xonrrtod  Rob««cA  A.  Diurrll,  who  died  Mtiy  25,  1853.  Ho  next 
married,  Uarch  24,  1S80,  Kfartha  OweDS,  widow  of  Jacob  Onentt.  IkCr. 
MeDftQiel  iu  Uio  fiUlierof  two  ckildrou — Elisabetli  (dsceau^)aDd  Martha 
£.  (now  Mrs.  Beattie,  reeidiofif  in  Wiscoxisin). 

JAMES  M,  McGOWEN  in  a  nufiTo  of  this  county,  was  bom  Janaary 
3,  1S40,  and  \»  on«  of  the  sevno  children,  ot  John  Bud  Unlinda  (ThoniKs) 
McGowen,  natiTdd  rnepeotiYely  of  T^nneseee  and  Kentucky,  They  were 
marriuj  in  Kcotupky,  wh»nc6  at  an  ««rlyday  tbey  movM  to  this  (xmnty, 
and  lived  the  remainder  of  their  dtiya,  having  been  parents  of  seven  ohil> 
dren — Polly  A.,  Andrew  J.,  TbomuB,  Greenberry,  Sarah,  Bliisabwth  and 
Jamee  VT.  In  August,  1862,  our  subject  pnli8t«N3  in  ComiJany  H, 
Seventieth  Indiana  Volunteern,  in  whieh  ho  eerved  nntil  discharged, 
Novumbor,  1UI)4.  March  15,  I860,  in  Monroe  County,  Ind,,  ho  married 
Nancy  A.,  daughter  of  John  and  Adatine  Martin,  from  which  union  i«- 
saltwl  Mvon  children — John,  Rebecca  J.,  Mary  E.,  Nancy  A,,  JamM  M- 
(deoeaMd),  Xora  A.  and  William  J.  AfterniArrtHj^e,  Mr.  McOownn  nettled 
hert>,  bnt  four  yeore  later  (lurebfUiod  a  farm  iu  Monroa  County,  to  which 
he  removed,  and  where  he  reiaaioed  until  1S73,  at  which  period  be  pur- 
chased and  occupied  his  present  home  and  farm,  embmcing  4U0  aom  of 
valuable  land.     Mr.  MoQow»n  i«  mnch  regarded  by  his  neighbors. 

WILLIASf  MABEB.  Township  Tniatee.  in  a  native  of  Suasex 
County,  X.  J.;  was  born  March  8,  1822;  wau  rearud  in  his  native connty. 
and  there  married  November  2.  1840,  to  Mifls  Catherine  Peters.  In 
1854,  be  emigrated  to- this  Statu,  locatod  in  this  county,  anil  engaged  at 
carpnntaring  in  thjg  town  until  1805,  when  be  purchaKod  ninety  acree 
three  milee  from  towt,  and  combined  farming  labor  with  his  trade.  In 
April.  1882.  he  was  elwtod  School  TruetiH'.  which  office  he  now  Jills. 
Mr.  Mabee  is  a  Democrat.  He  enlisted  as  a  volunteer  for  the  Mexican 
war,  tcMik  activt>  part  at  Contreras  and  Churubuaco,  aud  in  the  latter  bat- 
tle watt  wounded.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Mabee  are  the  parentis  of  five  cbildres, 
which  are  thus  naiiieii:  Jaotib,  Abraham,  Elizabeth  (Mra.  Thomas),  Katie 
J.  (Mrs.  Bergman),  and  ^arah  H.  (Mrs.  Dyer). 

SYLVANL'S  MAJOR  is  a  native  of  Morgan  County.  Ind-,  bom  April 
26,1849.  and  is  the  BOdond  child  of  Noah  J.  and  Mary  E.  Major.  Noah  J. 
Major  irt  R  aon  of  William  A.  Major,  bom  August  14,  1828.  In  1844, 
liewedded  Haniiah  HaetiDgx.  and  after  her  decease  married,  in  1846, 
Marj- E.  Budioel,  to  which  tuiion  were  born  five  children— Isabel.  Syl- 
vanus,  Amanda  (deceased).  Mary  E.  (deceased),  and  Laura.  She  also 
died,  and  he  thereafter  married  in  1875  Mrs.  Margaret  A.  Piercy.  Mr. 
Major  is  a  very  prominent  citizen,  having  been  thr^^e  times  elected  to 
th^  Legislature  and  for  thirty  years  a  member  of  the  Christiau  Ohorcb. 
Sylvsnun  Major,  our  aabjeot,  married,  March  20,  1872,  Mary  E.,  daugh- 
ter of  Thompson  and  Mary  J.  Hendricks,  and  native  of  this  county,  bom 
January  6,  1S50.  which  nulon  haa  produced  Sv«4  children — William  H., 
Zoru  I.,  Amanda  J,  (deceased),  OtiH  H-  aud  Mary  J.  Soon  after  his 
marriiLgt',  Mr.Mujor  suttleil  on  his  farm  aud  present  homoof  224  acres  of 
valuable  land.     He  is  a  much  respected  gentleman. 

HON.  JAMES  J.  M;\XW^LL  was  born  in  Morgan  County,  Ind., 
February  27,  I83V,  and  is  the  eldest  of  the  family  of  John  and  Cather- 
ine Maxwell,  nativea  of  Iri^Iaud.  The  grandfather  of  our  Bubji>ct  was  a 
native  ot  England,  who  emigrated  to  Ireland,  and  thence,  in  1S05,  to 
America,   where   he  settled  at  Oermantown,   Columbia  County,   N.  Y. 



klxmt  1313,  lie  nior<Ml  tu  IiBb&aoD.  Ohio,  thBoee  to  Dearborn  Cotmt;, 
lad,  aod  liDftll^,  in  lSt2,  to  Morgna  Connty,  vhoro  doAtli  lni<j  olalm  to 
bim.  He  VRH  br  trade  a  weaver,  and  that  was  bis  lifn-long  hnftinma. 
HiB  familv  comprjiuid  »»v»a  cbtldr«a — Ilolxtrt,  Jamm,  William.  Heim'. 
iiimcy.  EiloD  aD<t  Jobc.  Jobn  Maxwell  was  bom  io  Oonotv  I>owu.  Iro- 
laod,  Joly  24,  1805,  and  wan  uiarriml  in  CiDcionati.  Ohio.  1837,  to 
Catherine  Orahnin.  horn  in  1812.  After  marringo,  Mr.  Maxwell  ioealed 
TiMir  Lnwrenoehiirg,  lad,  and  in  IS'AH  moved  to  Morgan  County,  jmr- 
chasml  land  aud  settk<d  in  WfL^hington  Township,  where  he  died  Febru- 
ary, 1812.  His  family  waa  as  follows:  Sufian  (deceasod),  Jane  (decnai^od), 
Soaaiina,  John  (d»c(>a8od),  Uobert  F..  Oatberiiio  and  Jamas  J.  Jamni  J. 
Uaxwf-ll  wan  nJacated  in  the  district  schools  in  part,  bat  which  edtica- 
lion  he  completed  at  Cincinnati.  Febranry  14,  1866,  in  thiaoounty,  be 
BiarTted  Cynthia  A,,  dau^^hter  of  John  and  Lucy  Hodj^ve.  and  bora  Jan- 
nary  iS,  18-18,  a  nniun  which  gave  being  to  eight  children — Josie,  Min- 
nie (di?c«««>d),  CHto  (deoon.'wvl),  Franklin  R.,  Howaril,  Nora  (deceased), 
Uittie  M.  and  Don.  Mr.  ^taxwell  wa.^  elected  to  the  Legiolatiire  in 
lti74,  n  position  which  he  Ulled  with  honor.  He  ie  a  highly  respeoled 
eitie«n  and  a  member  ef  tb«  Christian  Chitroh. 

JAMES  H.  MAXWELL  is  a  natire  of  Morgan  County,  Ind.;  waa 
bora  Febrriniy  U,  1855,  and  in  the  only  son  of  James  and  Eleanor  Max- 
well. nativM  of  Dearborn  County.  Ind,  The  grandfather  of  our 
Bobjoctwatt  a  native  of  Ireland,  who  at  an  early  day  emigrated  to  Amer> 
iea.  and  reachM  Dearborn  Connty,  whence,  in  1810,  he  moved  to  Morgan 
Coonty.  where  he  died  in  184&,  aged  soventy-fonr  yenni.  Jamee  Mni- 
w«)l,  bis  son,  waa  born  in  Dearborn  Coonty  Sei>t«mber  'Z>\  ISIO.  and 
thvrf*  married  to  Eleanor  Padeo.  with  ieeue  of  the  following  children: 
Mary  J.  (dfCi-aaeiJ").  Martha.  Eliza  A,,  Nancy  E  (deceased),  Pniduncc  M  , 
Nanoy  J.  and  James  U.  In  IS:^,  he  moved  to  Morgan  County,  and  died 
October  30,  1805.  Mn.  Maxwell  in  still  living.  James  H.  Muxwt  II, 
siDoe  the  death  of  hia  father,  hrw  had  charge  of  the  bomestead  farm, 
which  ho  ia  mana;^n^  in  addition  to  forty  acres  of  his  own.  He  is  a 
very  oxoellent  ami  iotvllig^Mit  roun^?  guutleiuau,  yet  unmarried  and  a 
member  of  thw  ChriHlian  Chorch. 

WILLIAM  H,  MILT.KR,  hardware  roerchnnt,  is  a  native  of  Shelby 
County,  Ind.,  and  wan  born  December  10,  1S4t}.  Ho  waa  reared  in 
his  native  ootuity,  aud  there  remained  until  iHl'i;  he  attended  the  hij^h 
«ch9ol  at  Hhelbyvill«,  took  a  oommeroial  ootiree  in  Br^'ant  &  Stratton'a 
College,  and  afterward  engaged  in  teaching.  April  21.  1861,  he  enliated 
for  three  months  and  afterward  served  almost  throe  yearn  in  Com]Miny  D, 
Thirty-third  Indiana  Itegiment;  was  later  transferred  to  Company  E. 
One  Uaudred  and  Tbirty-aeuoud  Indiana  Vo]unt«er  Infantry,  aud  took 
port  in  the  following  actinna;  Fhilippi,  Laurel  Hill,  Cheat  River,  Wild 
Cat,  Thompson  Station,  Peach  Tree  Creek  and  the  Atlanta  campaign. 
Be  waM  dii«harge<l  Septwulx-r  ",  lSft4;  returned  to  Shelby  Connty:  was 
eledod  County  Surveyor  in  I8"W,  and  re-eleclt.>d  in  1808.  December  '.il, 
1864,  be  marriwl  Mits«  Marthena  Toner,  with  a  i-mult  of  live  children — 
Laara  B.,  Albert  L.,  Alice,  Kdgar  and  31ary  B.  At  this  time,  Jilt.  Millw 
MiMged  in  merchandiifing  and  dealing  in  grain,  which  he  contiotMd 
mial  I87B,  when  he  removed  to  tbie  town  and  piuchasad  a  hardware 
store.  He  repreeeots  himself  in  the  tirm  of  Miller  &,  Ca;  they  also  deal 
in  agricaltoral  implemonta,  have  eonie  (10,000  invested,  and  do  from 
110,000  to  SuO.OOO  per  year.  Mr.  Miller  is  a  Mamn  and  an  Odd  Fellow; 
and  has,  besides  a  good  town  reaideuce,  160  acre*  iu  Jatper  County,  111. 

198  BtooRAniiCAL  ^KiirrcnES: 

SAUUEL  M.  UITCHKLL  wan  bora  in  Charlslon,  Clarke  Countr, 
iDd.,  July  7,  1814.  His  pnrontu,  Giles  and  Marj-  (Moore)  Mitohwll,  wnre 
nattvea  of  Vit^oia  and  Keatnokv  reepectiv«lj,  aod  were  marriod  ia  1S07 
in  Kentuck^r.  Three  y&in  later  th«/  came  to  Indiana,  and  «eitled  in 
Charleston,  wbi>rt>  there  was  bat  a  iort  and  od<>  block  hotiaa.  He  followed 
his  trad*.*  as  lirick-laiF'cr  until  1S2(I,  wbun  ho  otuno  to  Burtholomow  Coanty 
and  n>Tuained  nntil  181J3,  rf^nioving  thenei>  to  Martjnflvilln,  where  he  baitt 
lhi>  fir^t  court  houiw,  thmt  continniug  at  hie  trade  nntil  htB  de>al.h.  which 
occurretl  July  5.  1S05.  Th*  uiutLur  diixi  August  3,  1828.  Smnnel  M. 
Mitchell  18  the  third  MD  and  fourth  child  ia  a  family  of  sU  children. 
He  wa*i  r»>arod  in  Clarke  County  tiatil  eis  years  of  age;  then  rnraovo4  to 
Bartlioloinew  Coanty,  where  ba  remainnd  for  twelve  years.  He  then  came 
to  JlIarLinsville,  and  eutenKl  the  employ  of  bis  brother,  a  dealer  in  ffon- 
eral  merohandiao.  Ho  remained  with  him  one  yunr;  thon  wont  to  Salem, 
lud.,  where  h«  ulU'nded  sdioo]  for  one  year.  Thence  he  went  to  Madi> 
BOD,  Ind.,andnftnrwnrd  wa»np|>oiiit«d  ^eoofidclerkof  the  **  LivinK^t<in."a 
ateamboat  between  Cincinnati  and  New  Orleans.  He  returned  iu  ooo 
year,  and  going  to  Martiasville  became  partut^r  of  bia  brother  in  the 
gGDeral  merohandise  store,  and  continned  in  that  nntil  1867.  He  then 
Bold  his  interest  niid  formed  a  partnerBhip  with  hi»  eon  William  iu  the 
same  basiDec^s,  and  is  at  proKont  so  eQ^nj^ed.  enjoying  a  lucrative  busi- 
Dwa.  In  Juae,  1867,  he  opened  a  private  loan  and  deposit  bank  in 
Martinsville,  which  is  etill  flonriBbiug.  In  1840,  he  was  married  to  Jane 
SL  Dietz,  daughter  of  David  Diets,  a  citizen  of  CoIiunbnB,  Ind.  By  thia 
anion  tlioro  wore  two  children— WilliaiQ.  and  Muriab  J.  (d4>oeasedt.  His 
wife  died  iu  January,  1840,  and  in  Dpcwnber,  1840,  he  married  Mrs. 
Annie  E»Iinger,  a  daughter  of  Jeremiah Saody,  ncitizeu  of  Qoe[>ort.  By 
thia  unioQ  there-  were  v'lgiii  children,  eix  uf  whom  are  living— Catharine, 
Dr.  Gilea  S  Innw  of  Cincinnati),  Mary  R.  Robert  B,  (at  preetrut  the 
Cashier  of  Mitchell's  Bank),  India  and  Anna.  Mr.  Mitchell  aud  wife 
are  members  of  the  Christian  Chiircli,  and  be  le  llepublioaa. 

JAMKS  V.  HTTCHELL,  attorney  at  law,  is  a  native  of  this  coon^, 
bora  October  15,  1842,  and  vraa  here  reared.  After  attending  the  pre- 
limiaary  echoole  be  became  a  student  of  and  graduated  from  the  State 
XJnivorsity  at  BloQming^Jn  in  |H(12,  htUsT  wbioh  ho  bi'gan  the  etndr  of 
law  with  Meesre.  Barbour  &  Howlaud,  and  later  formed  a  ]}nrtnorship 
with  Alfrt^Hl  Enois.  but  is  now  a  mi-mlier  of  tho  iirm  of  Mitchell  i^  Coi. 
In  ]S03.  he  married,  in  Monroe  County.  Ind.,  Mi&s  Addie  DrBi>er, 
daughter  of  Jobso  Drupw;  she  died  Xovember  7,  lyiW,  in  San  Jostv  Cal., 
leaving  two  children — May  Pearl  »nd  Dick  Draper.  April  2fi,  187 1,  be 
wedded  his  eeooud  wife,  Mrs.  Sallie  F.  Lawaon.  Hr.  Mitobell  was  in 
early  life  a  Douglas  Democrat;  during  the  war.ho  voted  with  ttie  Bepub- 
licana.  and  after  the  great  struggle  he  again  joined  the  Democratic  rankii. 
In  I8ft8,  he  wcis  elected  to  the  Legislatiue  from  this  county  by  tl)o  Be. 
publicang,  and  was  the  only  member  of  tliat  party  who  voted  and  fought 
against  the  Sftecnth  amendment.  Id  1871.  he  was  elected  by  the  Legis- 
lature Trotttee  of  thv  Wabash  &  Erie  Canal.  Mr.  Mitchell  ie  a  member 
of  the  Masunio  frntemity. 

JOHN  S.  NEWBY,  attorney  at  law,  of  the  firm  of  Adams  &  Kewby. 
is  a  native  of  this  «ounty,  of  which  he  is  aUo  a  citiaen,  and  was  born 
December  20,  I84S.  Aft«r  attending  the  general  schools  of  the  county, 
the  Mooresville  High  School  and  the  State  University  nt  Bloomitigton, 
Ind.,  in  which  he  took  a  four  yeare*  course  and  (mm  which  be  graduated 


in  the  literary  department  as  B.  S.  io  1873,  and  in  the  law  department 
in  187-t,  in  lh«  autunui  of  which  yvac  bo  located  iu  Uiirtio»vil]e  (or  the 
practira  u(  bin  itrotendoD.  and  in  IS77  be  made  n  parlnnnthip  witli  Mr. 
Adamft.  JnnuBrv  '21,  IK80,  bemarnod  in  Mart insTille  Mi»»  Mary  Miller. 
Ur.  Newby  is  a  UepiiblicBn,  and  takes  deep  interest  iu  the  buccmk  of 
that  part}-.  H«  its  a  member  ot  the  MaKonic,  also  of  the  Pbi  Gamma 
Delta,  eollcgc  Irnternity,  and  of  thp  Methodist  EpiBctipnl  Chazch.  He 
biw  a  (arm  of  I'Zi)  acrec  in  Section  28,  Washington  Township,  one-half 
mile  north  of  MartiniiTille,  and  likewise  a  pleasant  retiidenca  in  the  town. 

WllJJAM  NICHOLSON  was  bom  in  Salem  Uountj-,  N.  J.,  July 
20,  1880.  Hi»  part'ota,  Inaac  and  RvbiTca  (Fogg)  Nifholaon.  natiTea  of 
Mnrylnnd  and  New  Jersey  reepecti voly,  woro  married  in  Philndolphia, 
and  ehortlj  afterward  removed  to  Salem  Coonty,  N.  J.,  whore  tbf>  (nther 
carried  on  the  msoafactore  of  edged  tools  until  «  few  yeHix  prior  to  his 
death  in  1868.  The  toother  died  in  1873.  William  Nit^holaon  is  the 
third  aoD  and  fourth  child  in  family,  and  w&b  reared  in  Xew  Jersey, 
wbsro  be  obtained  a  good  education  in  the  scboolfl  of  hiR  native  towiL 
When  Hfteen  yoarn  of  age,  he  cnme  to  Milton,  Wayne  Conaty,  Ind., 
where  he  iMimed  the  blRckauiitb'n  trade  with  his  brother  John,  with 
whom  he  remained  for  three  years;  returning  thenoe  to  New  Jtmoy,  he 
followed  hia  trade  until  18G6,  wh«D  he  began  the  etudy  of  dentistry  with 
bin  brother  Qeorge,  and  one  year  later  pnrchaaed  the  boKLnesH  of  his 
brother.  The  i^jiring  of  I86l).  hfi  remove*!  to  ^Vilsun  County,  E&n.,  and 
practiced  dentistry-  natil  in  187&.  He  then  came  to  Indiana,  andupened 
an  office  in  Xenia,  Mianit  County,  where  he  remained  only  a  Hbort  time. 
Bomoving  to  Flaintield.  ho  engaged  in  liiii  prnctic(>  tliore,  nnd  in  1878, 
came  to  Morgan  County  and  opened  an  office  in  MooreeTille,  wliere  he 
liTsd  nntil  June.  ISS2,  when  he  cnme  to  Martiusville  and  in  at  preaent 
here  engaged  very  succeesfuUy.  On  March  4,  1$&2.  he  was  married  to 
Emily  Sickh'r.  of  Salom.  N.  J.  They  had  five  children— William  S., 
Albnri  A.,  Harriet  E.,  Anna  B.  (deceaaod)  and  an  infant.  His  wife  died 
Aivnst  '20,  186^,  no  active  member  of  the  Baptist  Church.  On  May  15, 
I8w,  be  married  to  Sallie  1>.  Price,  daughter  of  Jacob  and  Mary  Price, 
ofSaleiti.N.  J.  They  havehad  fonrcliildrBn — Mary  D.,Harry,  Fannie  and 
Frank  (do<«A»odl.  Mr.  Nicliolson  in  a  member  of  the  K.  of  H.,  Uourea- 
villi^  Lodge,  Xo.  (IV)7:  in  politics,  he  is  a  Republican,  and  he  and  wife  are 
nM)m)H>nt  of  the  Chrintino  CJiuroh. 

JOILV  M:TTERwafl  bom  in  Fayette  County.  Ky.,  August  21).  1817, 
and  ia  a  (ton  of  Hewitt  aud  Susan  Nutter,  bUo  natives  of  Fayette  County, 
Ky.  Hewitt  Nntter,  a  son  ot  Thoman  Xutt«r,  was  born  in  1785;  married 
in  Kentucky.  Suaao  Tnlliotl,  removed  to  Warrick  County,  Ind.,  in  18^. 
and  thence  in  1828  to  Morgan  County.  Mrs.  Nutter  died  in  1837,  after 
which  Mr.  N«tt«  married  Catherine  Wilson,  and  died  IVbruary  26,  1840, 
tbe  father  of  8«ventecn  childreu^lliirtueu  by  his  lirat  and  four  by  his  laat 
wiffli  John  Nutter  came  with  his  parontA  to  Ihin  county,  where  ho  ha»t 
riBM  remaiDOd.  Augiut  2tl,  1841,  he  married  Sarah  Wiihon,  a  native  of 
TVanklin  Connty,  and  dau^ht4>r  of  Joel  Wilson,  who  emigrated  to  that 
county  in  l8ll.  This  union  waa  gruced  by  three  children — Harriet  A. 
(deoeaaod),  Albert  H.  and  au  iufaut  imuauied.  After  hie  mnn-iage,  Mr. 
Nottar  located  on  a  farm  at  Indian  Creek,  and  in  1842  purchased  a 
boat  and  ferried  over  White  River  nntil  IM1(,  when  be  parchased  and 
oecnpied  bia  preaent  farm.  He  Ijoi^an  life  unaided,  but  now  owns  over 
2,(100  ocros,  being  one  of  the  most  extenttive  farmers  nnd  atock  daalen  in 
the  oonnty. 


CLEMENT  a  NiriTER  was  born  io  Pajotto  County,  Ky..  Dceem- 
ber  7,  1820,  luid  is  desceodecl  from  Hewitt  and  Rosan  (TRlboii)  Nnttar, 
also  native*  of  Fayotto  Connty,  Ky.,  the  formor  bom  in  1785,  the  latter 
in  1787.  In  IS'l'i,  they  mored  to  Warrick  OouDty,  Ind.,  and  thounu  in 
lS28  to  this  county,  when?,  in  1837.  Mre,  NuttM  <li«l.  Mr.  Nutter  died 
in  IS-lft,  havinjf  previonaly  married  Catherine  Wilson.  His  family  was 
»ft  follows:  Klien.  Rebocca.  Sarah,  John  (deceasBd).  Rtchnrd,  Kdwin, 
John.  Catwandra.  Clemeut  U.,  Daniel  Q.,  David,  William.  Thomas,  Mary 
A.,  Isaac  W,,  Robert  W.,  and  an  infant,  deeeaaod-  Clement  H.  ^Dlt^tr 
married  in  this  nouuty,  Xovembor  13.  1S46,  Jolin  A.,  daughter  of  Will- 
iam H.  mid  Jnlia  Craig,  and  bom  in  this  county  February  Ift.  1831; 
8b«  died  Febniary  13,  1896,  hoTing  ^lorne  a  family  of  sis — Sarah  E., 
Mary  A.,  Emma  (dei!ea»ed),  Walter  E.,  Hattie  and  William  (dMeased). 
Mr.  Nottw  is  a  greatly  esteemed  gentleman,  and  a  eonsiBtent  membiir  of 
the  Christian  Cbuicb. 

ALBERT  H  N'UTTEH  first  savr  the  light  of  this  world  in  Morj^ao 
County,  Ind.,  on  the  2d  day  of  May  and  of  tho  year  1854.  He  is  s  son 
of  John  and  Sarah  Nutter,  and  n  yonng  man  of  imoommoa  excellenoe 
and  much  promise^  September  2.  1375,  he  married  Miss  Charlotte  T., 
daughter  of  Thompson  and  Mary  J.  Hendriclcs,  and  a  native  of  Ifaia 
county,  having  been  bom  August  29,  185H.  To  this  happy  union  have- 
been  born  two  ehildren— William  C.  and  Edith  E.  Mr.  Natter  ia  highly 
respected  in  bia  commonity,  and  reeides  on  one  of  the  faraut  belonging 
to  hia  father,  in  Bectiou  21. 

HENRY  H.  OLDS,  proprietor  of  the  "Eureka  House."  was  born  in 
this  county  Jiuie  6,  Ib40,  vrbere  he  was  reared  and  has  made  a  home. 
George  W,  Olds,  father  of  onr  nnbject.  was  born  in  Connecticut  Janu- 
ary 11,  ISiO.  He  came  early  to  lliie  county,  where  he  married,  June  0, 
I8'84.  Misa  Eliza  A.  Wall,  who  died  Auguat  18.  1842.  leaving  two  chil- 
dren— William  (decsased)  and  Henry  H,  He  next  married,  August  10, 
1843,  Mies  Louisa  Rndioel,  which  union  gare  being  to  fire  children — 
Harriet  E.,  Francis  A.  (deceased),  Charles  W..  Lina  E,  and  Eliza  Ann 
(deceased).  Mr.  Olds;  wae  a  Ciirpeuter,  and  trorked  many  years  thereat. 
Ue  built  the  firet  steam  saw  and  griet  mills  in  the  town— the  former  in 
1848,  the  latter  in  IM58.  In  July.  1801,  Henry  H.  Olda  enlisted  in  Com- 
pany  K,  Twenty-first  Indiana  Volunteer  Infantry,  which  regiment  was 
assigned  to  the  Fifteenth  Army  Corps,  marching  to  Newport  Newrt,  and 
tlKDOe  to  New  Orleans.  He  was  in  many  skirmishes,  and  was  wounded 
in  the  battle  of  Baton  Rouge,  which  wound  was  severe,  &hntt«riTig  a  bone 
and  making  him  a  cripple.  He  aervell  three  vears,  waa  promoted  to  a 
First  Lienlenancy.  and  resigned  on  the  death  of  his  father.  February  20, 
1863,  he  married  Sarah  Koons,  who  died  October  8.  1872,  the  mother  of 
three  children— Butler  (deoeused)  William  A.  and  Perrj-.  He  next  mar- 
ried Mrs.  Alice  lianiez  November  23,  1873,  and  that  year  be  sold  his 
farm  interest,  moved  to  Martinsville,  worked  at  carpentering,  and  in 
1880  became  landlord  of  tho  "  Enreka  Housa"  Mr.  Olds  is  a  Free- 
mason, a  member  of  the  Q.  A.  R.  and  a  Republican,  by  which  party  be 
waa  elected,  November,  1882,  County  Recorder. 

WILLARD  E.  PARKS  was  born  in  Martinsville,  November  7,  1855. 
Ue  was  the  yonngest  of  nine  children  bom  to  Perminter  M.  Parks,  a  na- 
tive of  Kortb  Carolina.  He  came  to  Indiana  wheti  seven  years  of  age, 
aud  in  twenty-two  yeaia  was  married  and  living  in  MrutinKville  with  a 
family  growing  np  around  him.     Ho  wa«  qaite  a  prominent  man  in  Ltk- 


dianai  bis  death  occnrred  on  July  24.  1807.  in  hts  eistietli  year.  Tbo 
BObject  of  {bi«^  eketcti  was  rL«rotl  in  Marti dhvi 1 1«,  atLii  Mliicattxl  id  the 
public  *cboolR.  In  1873,  he  RDt^^rcHl  Wnhaah  <>})le^>  at  Orftwfordavillo, 
which  he  aitended  for  ooe  Ti*ur.  lo  1S75,  be  ealered  Watthington  acd 
L««  Univeroit;  nt  Loxington,  Ky..  wh«ri>  ho  Rtayod  for  one  y«ar.  In 
1S74,  be  had  ett^cded  the  Ciiri&tiaD  Voiversity  at  iDdiaoBpolie  oDe  year. 
Shortly  after  be  was  through  t»Uege.  hn  hogun  specululiug.  aad  i»  bo  en- 
gaf^  nt  pr«((nnt^  On  December  4,  1871>,  hn  waa  married  to  Mi«B  Fannie 
HenderaoD,  daoghter  of  Ebeneser  Henderson,  o(  Martiasville.  They 
bave  two  children — Nfyra  and  Robin.  Mr,  Parks  is  a  n)«inb«r  of  th«i  K. 
of  P.  Anniversary  Lodge,  and  also  of  tbo  L  O.  O.  F.,  MartinaviUeLod;^ 
Na  27'!.      Id  pulitice  hv  is  Democratic. 

EATON  \V.  PAXSON  was  horn  in  'WarrBn  County,  Ohio.  -Taanary 
13i  I8&4.  Hii  par«nte,  William  and  Margaret  (Sbrnck)  Paxson,  natiTesof 
Virginia  and  Pennsytvania  reepectively,  nnd  of  Scotch.  Iriah  and  German 
extraction,  were  married  in  AVarren  County,  Ohio,  in  1853.  Thence, 
tbrM!  years  iator,  thoy  n<aiov<xi  to  Grccno  Towofihip,  Morgan  Co.,  Ind., 
and  located  on  a  farm  of  100  acren,  to  which  the  father  added  122  acrwi 
before  his  death,  which  occurred  Jane  '2&,  IHS'S.  The  mother  is  now  liv- 
ing on  the  home  farm,  eeTt^ntytwo  years  of  age.  £ut<m  W.  Paxsoa  is 
the  elder  of  two  sons,  and  was  reared  in  Oreen  Township.  Morgan 
CooDty,  where  he  rennirnd  n  g<^nd  oduoation.  When  twea^  years  of 
ages  be  Ik^d  teaching  echool.  His  firnt  two  years  he  tAUgbt  in  Green 
Township.  He  ihon  onlereil  '\^8l[>»raiMO  Xortnal  CoUf^e.  and  three  yoara 
later  gradQat«d.  Ue  ie  also  a  graduate  of  the  commercial  course  there. 
After  this  time  until  Juou,  1881,  bo  farmed  and  tnugbt  sohooL  He  waa 
tb«s  olootod  Coanty  Snperinteodent  on  the  Democratic  ticket,  and  in 
m83,  having  faithfally  served  his  term  of  office,  he  was  re-elected  and  at 
pnweni  is  in  dixchaiveof  the  duties  devolving  upon  bim.  Mr.  Paxson  is. 
a  member  of  the  A.  F.  &  A.  M.,  of  the  I.  O.  O.  F.  and  also  of  the  En- 
ciuDpDient.  In  Suptvmber,  1875,  ho  woii  united  in  maixiaK^'  to  Mury  E. 
KoonM,  H  native  of  Morgan  County,  and  a  danghter  of  Jamea  and  Rebecca 
Kooms  renpopted  pioneers  of  Morgan  Coauty. 

VAN  li,  PEAliOY  was  Ixiru  iu  Johnson  County,  Ind.,  September 
15,  1S48,  and  is  one  of  the  thirteen  children  of  Henry  aiid  Lorina  Pearey, 
nativM  of  Kentucky  and  Indiana  reepcctively.  The  grandfather  of  ottr 
sobject,  Robert  Pearcy,  wan  a  native  of  Kentucky,  where  he  married. 
SnbBeqneDLly  he  removed  lo  Jennings  County,  Ind.,  where  he  died  about 
1^2.  H«  was  twice  married  and  rearod  n  la:^  family.  Henry  Pearcy 
Wi«  the  eldest  of  hia  father's  family.  He  was  burn  July  24.  1815,  and 
attar  eominc  to  Jennin^  County  married  HiitH  Ijovina  Whitaitt,  then 
OkOved  to  JobnsoD  County,  and  in  the  spring  of  1^7  to  Morgan  County, 
where  he  closed  bis  life.  His  children  were  by  n ames —Jacob,  Bobert, 
John,  Georf^,  Van  B.,  Mary,  Martha,  Charity,  Harriet,  AVilliam,  Joseph, 
Nancy  and  Hiram  T.  Vnn  B.  Petircy,  onr  subject,  married  November  9, 
1865,  Mi«a  Caroline,  daughter  of  CbarleH  and  Louisa  How,  and  a  nativo 
of  tbia  ooonty,  bom  August  22,  1 H44.  Shortly  after  marriage,  Mr.  Pearoy 
moved  to  Crawford  County,  ill.,  and  remained  until  1807,  when  he  re- 
moved to  this  oonuty,  and  located  on  a  good  farm  of  ISO  acres,  all  well 
improTed.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Pearcy  have  bad  eevon  children  — Oeorgo  K. 
(daeeued),  Obarles  H..  John  \V.,  Wilford  B.,  AnneCtie,  Robert  nud  an 
infant  danghtfir  (deceased). 



FRAHCIS  P.  A.  PHELPS,  attornoy  at  law.  was  bora  in  Jackson 
Gooaty,  lad.,  December  4  IH^i.  His  parent*,  Oeotg»  A.  and  Rebecca 
Phelptt,  remoretl  to  this  countv  in  1824,  shortly  aft«r  ito  orgaoiKatioD, 
and  nottted  on  nbat  was  aubaequently  tbe  site  of  Brooklyu.  In  1826, 
Blr.  Pbelpi:  was  cIkcUh]  SUvrifT.  tbu  eeoond  ponon  vrbo  buld  tbut  office, 
and  roinnvfitl  to  Martinsville.  In  IH'ZS,  be  was  sIhcImI  Clark  of  the  coanty, 
the  second  incunilM<ut  of  tbnt  office,  which  position  bt>  bold  at  bis  death. 
February  25.  1888.  agmi  tbirty-etx.  He  Herred  se  I>nim  Major  of  a  Bal- 
timore regiment  in  tbu  war  of  18I2:  bis  wife  amvived  him  unlU 
February  2^,  1H6H,  and.  strangely  true!  died  on  the  Mime  day  and 
mont))  thirty  yaara  aft*>rward.  They  were  the  pareatA  of  fire  chtl* 
dren,  two  of  whom  are  living  and  roeide  in  Martinsville.  Francia  P.  A. 
bad  but  mouger  fa«ilit)es  for  edacation  in  boyhood, yet  later  attended  two 
oeKiionH  nt  the  connty  Beminary.  At  tlie  age  of  twenty-oue.  be  served  (lo 
Ceputv  HherifT,  with  full  management  of  the  oSice.  lu  iSirt,  be  was 
electiKl  SberiQ,  reelected  in  1849, -and  on  October  21  of  that  year  mar- 
rieil  MJBS  Eleanor  E.  TuII;  Uiey  Lave  seven  children — Zerilda,  Toll,  Al- 
len H..  Francis  P.  A.,  William  C,  Eleanor  E.  andTbnrea  K.  Aftorthia 
time,  Mr,  Phelps  engajjed  in  the  drug  bnaiuesfl  at  Martinsville  for  five 
yoars,  diiriDg  which  be  etndied  law,  engaged  in  itn  practice  in  1857,  and 
in  Febmary,  1S83,  wne  appointed  Prosecuting  Attorney  for  this  dietriot 
He  waa  a  Whig,  is  a  Republican,  and  a  ukeiuber  of  the  PreBbyiurisn 
Church.     He  haH  h  good  reeidenca  in  town,  and  220  acres  adjacent 

TULL  PHELPS,  elde«t  eon  and  nocond  child  of  F.  P.  A.  Ph«lp«, 
wax  born  Jsnitary  20,  1851,  in  Martinsville,  whore  he  wai«  reared  BJid 
educated.  Wheu  niueteeii  yeara  of  age,  he  went  into  the  employ  of  N. 
T.  Cuunin^bam,  a  general  weTCh&ndiiie  uaorcbaot  of  .MartJnpville,  audre- 
mained  with  him  for  about  one  year.  He  then  attended  Bryant  & 
StrattonV  Commercial  College  nt  Indiaonpolis,  where  be  took  a  coiUHe  in 
booh-keepiag,  Retarning  to  Martinsville,  he  began  the  study  of  law  with 
bis  father,  which  be  coutinued  fur  some  time,  afterward  being  a^in  em- 
ployed by  the  same  tirm.  in  which  he  had  formerly  been  as  book-keeper. 
In  187r>,  he  took  an  interest  in  this  bueineea.  and  it  was  continued  under 
Uie  firm  nnmo  of  N.  T.  Cuntiingbom  A  Co.  for  five  yoara,  when  n  third 
intereat  was  purchased.  The  bnsiDees  has  since  then  been  conducted 
under  the  firm  name  of  Cunnioghiim,  Bollinger  Jfi  Pbelpa.  uud  is  in 
a  flouri»bing  condition.  Mr.  Pbelpe  wa.i  married  Deoembor  20,  lS7tJ,  to 
Lina  E.  Oldx,  daughter  of  Oeorge  Otds,  a  piuneer  of  Morgan  County,  the 
Rev.  W.  T.  Furgeson  performing  the  ceremony.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Phelp* 
ore  identified  witli  the  Presbyterian  Cbaroh,  and  Mr.  Phel[)s  is  a  prom- 
inent member  of  the  Republioan  party. 

JAMES  PRATHEU.  Sr.,  was  bom  in  Fleming  County,  Ky.,  August 
4,  1800,  nnd  is  the  eldest  of  the  family  of  Basil  and  Mary  (George) 
Pratber.  natives  respectively  of  Virginia  and  North  Carolina,  the  former 
boru  in  17l)&,  the  latter  iii  1784.  Tb»y  were  married  in  Keutueky,  and 
romninod  there  until  1817,  when  they  mnved  to  Jackson  County,  Iq±, 
where  Mrs.  Prather  died  in  1830,  Subsequently,  Mr.  Prather  married  a 
Mth.  Dobfioa,  and  died  in  1874,  tbo  father  of  nix  children— Susan,  Mar- 
garet, Thomas,  Elizabeth,  Jaue  and  James.  l''ebruary  6,  1824,  io  Jackson 
Oonuty,  Ind-t  James  Prather  married  Josephine  Hagurd,  bom  January 
1,  1808.  In  1S34,  he  moved  to  Morgan  County,  where Mra.  Pratherdiod 
August  10,  1840,  and  March  5,  1847,  he  married  Mt«.  Almira  Taylor, 
widow   of   SimeoD   Taylor,  a  native  of   Plymouth  County,  Mass.     Mr. 



Ffetfber  ham  bvM  tt»  pannt  of  twdvc  cfaildras — John,  Xntha,  Mwy, 
Joditb.  BmU.  IbomM,  Jui>M,AViUiam.  Edward.  Winhnth  and  two  Ibkl 
di«d  ininlancT. 

30HS  PRATHER  is  s  nstire  of  MargsB  Coaatf,  lod.,  WM  bom 
Oekiber  10.  1^4^,  aod  ia  ■  soo  of  Juae»  H.  and  SoaaiD  (Tovosmd) 
Vmbflr,  both  uuiT««  of  Indtiuia.  ib«>  formw  bora  in  1S17,  the  Utter  in 
ISlGi,  Tbej  wen  mamed  in  Morgas  Coon^,  where  Ur.  Pralfaer  disdis 
19IU  and  wbere  lira.  PratlMr  now  residee  oa  tlie  bomertead  Their 
family  oooairted  of  WiUiam  £,  Hannah,  Bobert  Julia  A.  (dooMied). 
JobiL  OeoiM,  J«iiai«,  Amaodt  and  Joacfh.  Oor  eabject,  Jc4»Prather, 
— iiliil  V3braaxj  27,  ISTfi.  is  this  eomitj,  Sfarr  E ,  daogtit«r  of  Hmuj 
and  JaoB  Bauer,  and  bora  February  10,  18S«)  '  Tb«  issae  of  this  unian 
WW  Iwo  efaOane— Bmma  J.  aad  Jtma  M.  Ur.  Prathor  nnidvc  at  Ha- 
halasTiUa,  whoe  he  u  prapnebx  of  fifty  acres  of  tapenar  laikL  Be  ia 
009  eng^^  in  the  himb«c  boainma,  and  ii  a  rvpatabledtiseo- 

WlLLUM  Y.  I'RATT  w«s  bora  io  Uenr?  Cooatr.  Va.,  Jane  S.  1S31. 
His  pareota.  JasM  A.  aad  Leanoa  (Lake)  Pratt.  natjTm  of  Virgioia.  and 
of  InA  and  Oafman  dcaewit  rapeetivelv.  wt^re  raairind  in  Hi>DrT  Conntf 
ia  1832,  wfave  the  tatber  followed  his  'trade  as  blacksmith  tmtil  1$30. 
whaa  ba  esiDe  to  Indiana,  and  loeated  in  Mov^n  CoQctT.  He  wurked  at 
fast  tz»de  a  noinber  of  T«ar«  acd  tbeo  b«g&n  farmiofc.  which  h^  oontiaoad 
nntil  JasoarTt  IS'il>.  wb*^  he  dimL  Tb«  tuoth«'i  di<^  in  March,  13&0l 
Willtam  Pratt  is  tbti  eldest  diild  in  a  tamil;  of  six  ehildiwB,  and  wag 
reared  in  Jaekaoa  Township.  Moc^n  County,  where  he  obtaioed  the  ra- 
Smmuta  of  a  good  ednoation.  WbKi  tw<«>D^-two  ye«rs  of  agvi.  be  began 
1—1  iiTatt  the  earpeoter'fi  trade  with  E  Hiltoo,  sikI  worked  with  him  for 
loor  yean.  He  tb«ti  aored  to  Uartuurrille  aad  farmed  a  partnership 
vHh  Alfred  Carrar,  andcarriedon  the  carpentering  bnsineea  with  bimfor 
Ikna  yeaiB.  Ia  1879,  be  was  elected  Jnstioe  of  the  Peneeof  Wwhinfctoo 
^rmahip  for  four  yearn,  li  the  aqmstion  of  which  tiroe  he  waarv-ele^ed, 
md  at  preaeBt  u  in  the  disdiaups  of  tb*  dntiee  of  thai  office  Id  April, 
1857,  ha  was  mam(>d  in  Jofansos  C•^oaty.  lod.,  to  Lydia  C.  Wiccheetar, 
dan^hier  of  Jocdcm  Win^KHter,  e  citizen  of  Jofanaoo  Cooctr.  By  this 
nnioBlhera  were  foor  children — Melioda  J.,  Oeoroa  N.,Jaawa(deen8ed^ 
and  Joe.  Ux.  Fntt  is  a  m«nb«T  ot  the  K.  of  P.  Lodge.  No.  !$9.  aad  be 
aad  wife  are  owibera  of  thr  Methodist  Charch.  In  politics,  be  is  a  !!•• 

JOBS'  P.  BA¥,  Justice  of  the  Peaoe,  is  a  natire  of  Wayne  Coonty. 
Ey„  was  born  Janoaiy  2A,  1830,  and  is  a  son  of  Jamee  and  Polly  Bay. 
vbo  in  that  year  reaioved  to  Koomin^ton.  Ind.,  and  in  1831  to  Waahii^- 
ton  Tawnabip.  Janwe  Kay  was  a  oarponteir.  aad  Cor  many  rears  labored 
as  swdk>Bd  died  in  Maiefa.  IS75:  Mrs.  Poity  Kay  isctill  liring.  John  F. 
Bay  leaned  the  trade  of  a  earpeoter  nndM*  bis  f sthpr,  and  followed  the 
same  for  a  }ang  time.  He  ^^rred  lui  Depnty  Clerk  nf  this  cuuntr  from 
1S5'J  to  ISSO.  in  which  year  be  went  to  Kentacky,  aod  on  May  21>  mar- 
ried Miss  Angelina  Bof[le.  He  rrmaioed  there  tialil  IS^,  wheo  hecaaia 
again  to  UartianiUa.  Mr.  and  Mm  Rav  are  |«ieots  ol  fire  children. 
BOMiy,  JasM  P.,  Delia  T.,  Jennia,  Joha  K  and  Eddie,  la  1372,  lb; 
Bay  was  appuioted  Deputy  Auditor,  as  which  he  serred  abont  two  y<«ra. 
Bs  b  poUtieally  a  Democrat,  and  was  elected  in  1S80  a  Jostioe  of  tlire 
Pfee  for  a  foor  y*«rs'  ifrm. 

FBLIX  A.  BRIXHA  ItT,  Josticp  of  thf  Pmob,  is  a  native  of  Lincoln 

Cona^,  K.  C;  was  bom  Angttst  17.  1S15,  aad  is  a  son  of  Joha  C.  aod 




Elizabeth  L.  Reinhart.  Folix  was  reared  in  Uutooanty,  with  tfafordinuy 
adTUitagw  for  education,  bdiI  th«r«  married,  October  1,  1685,  Mina  Marj 
Havner.  sftvr  wbicb  h&  enga^d  in  farming,  and  ^in  ISSS  emigrated  to 
Mvrguu  Coautv,  lad-,  whvrv  lit-  ulou  oD^ut^od  id  fai'iuiu^,  ood  ouutmned 
the  HBme  BiDCn,  except  Ibo-l-'ii),  during  whit^h  years  he  acted  a»  hot«]> 
kw[>er.  He  iea  memberof  tbeOraud  Ludgoof  Odd  FollowHof  Indiana. 
He  is  politically  a  lU'jmblioaui  was  appointed  to  till  a  Tacancy  as  Jutttioe 
of  the  I'eace.  and  was  afterward  elected  to  the  po«ittoD:  he  lias  also 
served  fu>  Dopnty  ShorifT  of  the  county.  Ur.  and  Mnt.  Heinhart  bave 
had  bora  to  tbem  a  family  of  seven  children,  of  wbioh  number  four  are 
yet  living — Lvwia  A..  John  C.  George  W.  and  F«lix  A.  He  and  wife 
are  members  of  the  Christian  Uhnrch. 

CAl'T.  FLETCHER  D.  KUNDELL.  bora  JaDuar>-  5. 1839,  in  Bich- 
Innd  County,  Ohio,  i»  thn  Hfth  «oq  and  serentb  child  nf  Hiram  R.  and 
Mercy  (Wyatt)  liundell,  natives  of  New  Yort,  and  of  English  ood  French 
d<^Ci-ut,  Hi»  pan-uta  w«re  marriL'd  in  Now  York,  whenci*  thi>y  myved  to 
a  (arm  in  Kichland  County,  Ohio,  and  lived  until  KS12,  when  they  came 
to  ludiaoa.  They  entered  eighty  acres  of  land  in  QrooQ  Towuithip,  Mor- 
gan County,  which  tbey  contioned  to  improve  for  aeveral  years.  la  1B50, 
they  removed  to  a  farm  near  Morgantown,  where,  in  November  of  the 
same  year,  the  fatLcir*B  d(*ath  uocurretL  TLo  mother  ritill  livea  in  Morgan 
County.  Capt.  Kundelt  was  reared  at  home  until  after  his  father'"  death, 
and  he  wat;  then  employed  to  help  on  a  farm  in  tbo  iraaiediate  neigbl>or- 
hood-  He  kept  thia  nituation  until  in  ItSW,  when  he  began  learning  the 
car{>e&ter'K  trade  in  Morgautuwn,  eontinuiug  uilUI  ISCl.  He  enlisted  in 
April,  1S61,  in  Company  K,  Swcuth  Indinua  Volnnte<4^,  nnder  Capt.  J. 
K.  Scott,  and  on  September  12,  iSftl,  he  enlisted  in  the  three  years' 
serviee  in  Company  G.  Twenty -eoventh  Indiana  Volnnteom.  under  Capt. 
J.  B.  Feesler.  He  served  nearly  four  yeaiB,  and  took  part  in  the  follow- 
ing engagementa:  rhilippi.  Latirel  Hill.  Can-ick'a  Ford,  Aotietam. 
ChancellorBvillo,  Gettyaburg,  Atlanta,  and  a  large  nnmber  of  amaller 
engagemente.  After  the  battle  of  Antietani.  he  wiut  promoted  to  Second 
Lieutenant  A]>ril  5.  I8fi3.  he  wan  promoted  to  Fii-at  Lieutenant  for 
merilorione  conduct,  and  soon  after  to  the  rank  of  Captain.  He  received 
an  honorable  discharge  Nuwmber  4, 180t.  and  returning  to  Morgrtntown 
was  fiooa  afterward  marrie<l  to  America  A.  ilnlmaji,  daughter  of  William 
P.  Holman,  of  Morgan  Countv.  By  this  union  there  was  one  child, 
Chester  Q.  His  wife  died  AugW  12,  1R67.  On  June  17, 1870,  he  mar- 
ried  lUary  A.  Morau.  daughter  of  John  Moran,  an  old  citizeu  of  Martins- 
ville^ They  have  one  child,  Eunice  May.  In  lti67,  the  Captain  came  to 
Martiaarille.  and  has  since  resided  titers,  engaged  in  carpentering.  Be 
ia  a  Past  Chancellor  of  the  Knights  of  Pythias,  and  is  politically  a  Re- 
publican; and  he  and  wife  are  members  of  the  Methodint  Church. 

ALFRED  W.  SCOTT  is  u  native  of  Fayette  County.  Ind.,  having 
been  bom  on  the  Hth  of  Kovember.  1 SD6.  He  wari  reared  on  n  farm  near 
Cunnersvillo,  in  this  State,  and  attended  the  common  Rehools  of  his 
county,  an  ncadetny  at  Spicvland.  and  Inter  the  State  Univei-sity  at 
Bloomington,  from  which  h«  graduated,  after  a  four  yeare'  courae,  in 
18S1.  Previous  to  his  collegiate  course,  be  had  etudied  law  at  Indian- 
apolis. In  1881.  he  oamo  to  Martinaville  and  engaged  in  the  practice  of 
the  legal  profession.  Ilecenlly.he  formed  a  purinerEibipwith  Mr.  Pbelm, 
and  is  now  Deputy  Prowecufiug  Attorney  for  this  judicial  district.  In 
politico,  bo  it.  an  earnest  and  active  Kepubli<;an;  be  ie  also  a  member  of 
the  L  O.  O.  F. 



ISAAC  D.  SHEPPARD  was  horn  October  30,  1811,  in  Cmnber!an<i 
OAmty.  N.  J.  Uia  farenU,  Han'ej  aud  Amelia  (Davie)  Sbcp- 
mid.  natires  of  Now  Jorsi'v,  cumo  to  loijiana  lu  1S18.  and  located  near 
Madison.  roin()Tinj;)in'iioo,  in  ISS-t,  toUartinsvillo,  BlorynnCountj',  Ind., 
where,  in  1HG2.  the  father  died  The  mother  died  in  ISiitO,  in  FrAoklin, 
iDd.  Isaac  D.  Sb«p]>ard  is  the  »Idi<«t  io  a  family  of  five  cbildreo,  and  was 
twuwd  on  a  fnrm  near  Madison.  Ind.  Ue  received  hia  cdaeation  in  the 
district  schuols  ID  the  noigbborhcMxI,  and  wbun  Gftt^cii  years  of  age  began 
lo  leam  hnm<«w- making  in  i^[a<1ison.  After  five  and  a  half  yt'ars  of  t.i.'rT- 
tce,  he  workMl  in  varioas  plocw  ontil  Ib^i,  when  he  came  to  Jlurtius- 
Tillu  Rv  here  ojienml  a  haroeMi  abop,  and  at  the  pnMont  time  is  doing 
a  snoe«eafal  hiisiness.  Mr.  Sheppard  ia  a  member  of  the  Kepublican 
partj.  He  vraBmarriud.  iu  Si-pkiiibi-r,  1830,  Lo  'Ibitrzu  Tull.  of  Martins- 
ville, and  h»  and  wife  are  identified  wilh  the  Metlioilist  Kpigcnp&i  Cliarch, 
and  are  active  workers  in  it^  cause.  £y  their  imion  they  have  tbruachil- 
drcQ — William,  Jftinesand  Letitia. 

JAMES  S.  SHEPPABD  is  the  second  son  and  child  of  Isaac  D.  and 
Thtirza  (Hem)  Sbnppard,  narirM  of  New  Jersey  and  Koutnckr  respect- 
ively. He  was  born  November  1 1 ,  ISiiO,  in  Marti nctvillo,  Morgan 
Ocmnty,  Ind.  James  Sbepj>ai-d  was  reared  iu  Martiusville,  where  he  ob- 
lun«(I  a  komI  Engliah  edaeation.  When  thtrteen  years  of  14,'e.  he  vn- 
tared  bia  father's  hamcfH  sho[)  and  began  Icarniag  the  trade,  at  which 
he  worked  nntil  June  10,  '[HtVZ,  when  ho  nnli8t«d  in  Company  C,  Six- 
tMtith  Indiana  Vohmteei-s,  under  Capt.  Punl  J.  Beacbbard.  He 
MTvnd  mur»  than  three  yt^Hnt,  participating  in  the  battles  at  Kichmond, 
Ky.,  Arkan»aii  Poet,  siege  of  Vickaburg  (Hod  Kiver  campaign), 
Blach  Rirer,  Sabine  Cross  itoada,  and  Home  few  others.  After  the  close 
of  the  war,  he  relnrned  to  hit*  home,  where  he  reiiamm)  his  trade,  which, 
IB  1875,  he  gave  up,  becoming  a  partner  of  N.  T-  Cnnningbam,  of  Mar- 
tinflvitle.  io  the  general  miTchniidifte  biuiucvs.  Uu  continued  in  tJio 
bOftinetiR  fur  five  years,  when,  bis  health  failing,  he  sold  bis  intercMt  and 
retiied  from  bnsineu  for  one  year.  In  January,  1H81,  be  b«c&me  agent 
for  pianos  and  orirnna  in  MartioHville,  and  at  present  i^  so  engaged  very 
snsoeaifdlly.     On  September  IW,  I8t}7,  he  waa  married  to  Lydia  S.  Me- 

E'oaii!,  a  daoghter  of  the  Hcv.  WilUttm  Megiuuia,  one  of  the  oldoat 
•Qiodist  mintaters  in  the  Indiana  conference.  By  this  union  there  are 
two  children — Harrv  A.  and  Lidio  A  Mr.  Hheppard  Es  a  member  of  the 
L  O.  O.  P.  Lodge.  No.  274,  and  also  of  the  G.  A.  R.  Politically,  he  is 
a  BvpablicAQ. 

JUIIN  SMKERER  is  a  native  of  Morgan  Uounty,  Ind.,  was  ttorn 
Noveml>er  15,  1S38,  and  la  the  aon  of  Joseph  and  Pbebe  Sheerer,  both 
native*  of  Ireland,  who  wore  brought  to  America  when  very  young. 
Tbey  were  married  in  Washington  County,  Md,  April  30,  1H37,  and 
the  same  year  moved  to  Morgan  County.  Ind..  and  settled  oeiir  Mnr- 
tinsville,  where  Mr.  Sheerer  was  killed  by  the  limb  of  a  tree  falling  n[K)n 
him  March  2U.  181'J.  Mrs.  Sheerer  subaoquontly  married  aMr.  Thomaa 
MoGlure.  with  whom  she  moved  to  Martiiisvillo  for  a  time,  and  then  ro- 
tomed  to  her  preecnt  u)H>de;  Mr.  McClure  died  January  11,  1S(37.  Hra, 
MeCIuro  ia  the  miAhur  of  eight  childroo.  Iv/o  by  bur  former  husband, 
John,  find  Robert  ^deceaaed),  and  six  by  hvt  latter  husband^Niincy  A. 
(dePesaed),  Lida.  laabol  W.,  Francis,  Martha  A.  and  Thoina».  John 
Sheerer,  onr  subject,  was  marriH  in  thin  county,  May  17,  187*2.  to  Maria 
J.  Uorbley,  and  afterward  oettled  on  the  old  homestead,  which  is&cill 



bis  bomn.  Tliifi  wife  died  October  IT).  1872,  and  Mare-h  Ifl,  1879.  Mr. 
Sheerer  wedtlod  SnniL  SU^wort.  Mr.  and  MrH.  Sboercr  liavD  no  family, 
but  havt*  a  good   hmuH  of  180  acnw  of  pxcpllsnt.  Isnd, 

ABEL  P.  SHIELDS  was  born  in  BartbolotJiew  County,  Ind.,  October 
8,  1842.  His  parentck,  Saoiuel  and  Kliiuibi'tli  (Koborta^  Sbields,  ufttives 
of  Xortb  Corolina  and  IndiaDa  resimcUvnly.  were  iiiarri(>d  in  Indiana  in 
1838,  and  located  on  a  farm  near  Columbu*.  Ind..  where  lhe.v  lived  until 
tlieir  doatbs— the  mother's  occurring  in  KS")9,  Uie  father's  in  1N75,  Ab«l 
P.  IB  the  iwQOud  eon  and  chi  Id  in  a  fniutly  of  ltv<>  children,  and  waa  ronrod 
in  Bartbuloniew  Couuty  until  twt-nly  yunnt  of  age,  when  ho  unliated  in 
Company  D,  Sixly-F«veatb  Indiana  Volunteers,  itnder  Capt  Abbott. 
He  eerred  tor  two  yoarn,  and  tool:  part  at  Mnnfordvillo  (where  he  was 
captured,  and  soon  aftpr  paroled,  then  dinchnrgedl,  Va&oo  Swaui)M  (near 
Vickeburg),  ArkaiD^as  P<i«L,  Vickaburg,  th<-  baltle  between  Alexandria  and 
Bru:h<^r  City  (vhere  bn  with  bis  ref^iment  wa-^captnrod;  after  rona&iniog 
in  prison  for  thirteen  days  he  escaped,  and  linaUy  reached  bin  own  tine), 
CroHS  Roods.  I'lainiivld  and  the  entire  lied  Itivor  campaign.  In  July, 
1804,  he  received  an  honorable  discharge  at  Baton  Uougts  La.,  and  r«- 
turned  to  his  botue.  wheio  bt'  couiiDUDcM  work  on  hiB  father's  farm,  re- 
tnainin);  about  two  yeam.  On  Pnbnmry  2.'),  1865,  be  waa  married  to 
Margaret  DaviB,  daoghter  of  Enoch  Davis,  a  titizen  of  Brown  County. 
Tliev  Lave  one  child— El iz«l>eth  Iiiiella.  After  hi»  iiiarriage,  be  farmed 
for  eight  yeam,  and  then  went  tn  Edinburg,  Ind,  whM*  be  acted  for  two 
years  as  agent  fur  the  Siof^or  Howiiit;  Machine  Company.  He  aoon  after* 
ward  enme  tn  Martinsrilte  and  acted  in  the  name  capacity  until  February, 
lSS2,when  he  purchased  the  Red  Cloud  Saloon,  which  be  te  cowninning^. 
He  is  a  Di>«UDcrat. 

MAXVILLE  SFIIREMAN  is  a  son  of  Michael  and  Elizalwth  (Shaf- 
fordi  Shireman,  and  was  bom  in  Lincoln  County,  N.  C,  November  2, 
1821.  In  18:i5.  his  parents  removeil  to  Morgan  County,  Ind  .  where  Max- 
Tille  grew  to  manhood.  .Mnreh  H,  1  S4(),  he  married  Mi<H  Sarah,  dnnght«4r 
of  Aichi  bald  and  Margaret  Cramer.  Afti^r  his  marriage,  ho  settled  on  the 
fann  which  ib  now  his  home,  and  which  he  has  improved  to  be  a  good 
property,  t>rabmeinp  a  territory  of  817  ncro»  of  snperior  land.  Mr. 
shtreman  is  an  honorable  and  eateemail  citizen,  and  the  parent  of  thirteen 
children— Emeliue.  Henry,  .Archibald,  Mahala.  Lewis,  Andrnw,  Jamea, 
Mar^garet.  Bobi>rt.  Edward,  Dayton,  Harrrand  odo  unnamod 

HENRY  smitEMAN,  Sa.,  is  a  native  of  Lincoln  County,  N.  C, 
wa».  horn   Opcfmber  IH,    I8'i3,  and   is  a  son  of  Miohael   and   Elizabeth 

iShufford)  Sbireiuan,  both  natives  of  Xortb  Carolina — the  foruiBr  born  in 
78y.  the  in  nSS*.  They  were  mnrried  in  Linculn  County,  and  in 
1885  emigrntoii  to  Morgan  County,  Ind.,  where  they  made  a  local  babi- 
iation.  Mrs.  Shirem&u  died  March  31,  1S40,  after  which  Mr.  Shirenian 
marriwl  Catherine  Clodfelter,  and  died  in  \Va8hiiigtoii  Townebip.  tho 
father  of  the  following  family:  Polly.  Anna,  Barbara,  Daniel,  Elizabeth, 
Uhodn,  Maxville,  Catherine.  MichaeE,  Sueau.  John  8.  and  Henry.  Our 
subject,  Henry  Shireman.  on  the  l3th  of  April.  185-1,  married  Wim  Marie, 
a  daughter  of  L^nnc  and  Lydia  IJeturlc.  After  his  marriage,  Mr.  Shire- 
man  pnrchnsed  and  located  on  the  farm  he  yet  holds.  He  is  now  owner 
of  mure  than  ^OCt  acres  of  laud,  and  in  comfortably  and  indeoondently 
sitnated.  Mr  and  Mra.  Shireman  have  been  the  ]>arent«  of  ton  children 
— Mary  E.,  Louisa  A.,  William  A..  Ellen  A.,  laaac  (decea'ykd),  Charles  E., 
Harriet  C,  Maxville,  Flora  B.  aud  Kiigcne  C. 



U£NRY  tJHIREHAN,  Jr.,  it>  a  Dative  of  Morgan  Coauty.Iad  :  was 
bom  KoTombor  13,  1S40,  and  in  one  of  tb©  thirteeu  childxeo  Iwrn  to 
UuTiUe  an<l  Sarah  IShireiuAn,  of  Ibis  coiicty.  October  28,  1874.  ha 
Barried  Mar^ari^t.  daughUT  of  John  and  Martha  Kuthwol),  and  a  nativo 
U  this  cuuuty.  l-ora  I>e««-mber  8,  1S50.  lo  1^76,  Mr.  SbiromaB  movod 
to  tbe  tarm  he  now  o<.'capiea  He  is  a  very  prominini;  yonag  man,  gi-natly 
«l««in<id  and  libornlly  odiicnti^l.  hnvin^  taii<*))t  siicoesafully  mix  BOceeB- 
ttYB  torms  of  HCbool.  &[r.  and  Mn^.  Shireninn  aro  the  pareut«  of  foor 
ihildrefi — FriNl(<rick,  Miirlbii.  Sarah  and  an  infant  son.  which  died  before 
nMiving  a  uamo.     Mr.  Shiromau    is  a  momber  of  tho  ord^ir  of  Odd 

ABRAHAM  SnrUS  U  a  natire  of  Surrey  Connt;,  X,  C  was  bont 
April  29,  1H20,  and  was  the  third  of  the  family  of  John  aod  Franoei 
Bimms.  both  aotivoct  of  North  Caroliuu.  tbo  Cortuur  barn  Aim;uh(  S.  17U3, 
Cbo  l«tt<tr  May  l8,  t7&4,  Thoy  wore  married  in  Sorrey  County  ()et<il»or 
J7,  181-t;  in  1S32,  njoifod  lo  Sholby  Connty,  Ky. .  and,  in  1S33,  to  Hen- 
drioka  Coonty,  Ind.,  and  ono  year  later  to  Morgan  County.  loc8tiii|roD 
lb*  identical  farm  now  occupitwl  by  the  Hnbject  »f  this  sketch,  where 
thay  both  olo«ie<l  thvir  lives,  be  August  22,  18^7,  nud  eho  Heptoinbor  3, 
1S51.  Tbey  rHored  a  family  of  five— Cyriu.  Elizabeth,  Matthew,  Nim- 
lod  and  Abrahom.  Abraham  SJrams  ciLme  with  his  paronts  to  this  connty 
lo  183-1.  whufft  be  grew  to  maobood  and  married,  March  29,  )M43,  Miss 
EUmi,  daughter  of  Daniel  and  Sophia  Graver,  who  died  April  1&.  1S77, 
baring  b«<>n  thft  mother  of  fivo  nhildr(*n— Sarah  -J.  (dwjoaflod),  Cnthcrino, 
Sopbia.  Snannna  and  George  W.  Mr.  Simms  is  aole  owner  of  the  home- 
riead  er«at«d  by  bis  rnthdr;  he  i»  a  member  of  the  Baptist  Churuh.  an 
nOalleot  man  and  a  r<:«pectod  citizen. 

HENRY  A.  SMOCK,  attorney  at  law.  is  a  native  of  Marion  County, 
lod.,  wOH  bom  Ootntwr  II,  lN-17,  and  in  a  eon  of  Abrnhnm  V.  and  Re- 
beeoa  J.  (Brenloo)  Sniock,  the  former  a  native  of  Kentucky.  Henry  was 
■cared  in  Iowa,  whither  hin  parenu  had  removed,  and  where  tbey  after> 
vard  died.  After  worlciug  on  a  farm  be  learned  the  trade  of  a  printer, 
si  which  be  waa  employed  in  suvoral  lar^u  citim  before  coming,  in  1S70, 
to  MartiOHTille,  whore  hn  workinl  in  the  lieptiblicnn  otiice,  then  purchased 
•  hftlf  inlereet  therein,  co&tinned  until  1874,  when  h&  gold  aaid  interest 
lo  oonaiderable  advantage  after  be  had  rained  the  paper  to  Vio  a  timt-claaa 
OBM.  Xovpmber  11.  lS73.  he  married  Miss  Dora  T.  Barnard,  and  thoy 
hare  bad  born  to  thorn  throe  chiIdr»D — Tbomtis  B.,  Mary  I.  (dvcoasod^ 
and  AatoinMte.  Id  Iblo,  Mr.  Smock  began  the  ntndy  of  law,  and  waa 
admitted  to  the  bar  in  1880,  tonning  a  partnership  with  Mr.  FergUMon; 
they  are  doing  a' good  praotioe.  Mr.  Smock  alao  maoa^oe  the  real  oetate 
of  the  Northwndem  Life  Insurance  Company.  He  in  an  active  Repnb- 
lioao,  and  baa  served  ax  Sw-retary  of  the  Central  Oommittito  of  this 
coonty  siooo  1S8^^  Mr.  Smock  i^  a  Enigbt  of  Pythian,  and  owner  of  a 
fjDod  farm  live  milef<  north  uf  town. 

TIIOMAS  M.  SOMEUVILLE,  a  native  of  Indiana,  vras  born  io 
Riplt^  GooDty  March  80,  1841.  Uih  parents,  Thomaa  W.  and  Sarah 
(UoCreary)  Somwville,  nattvcM  of  Tenn-sylvania  and  Ireland  retpectively, 
were  married  io  WrBBillee,  Ripley  County,  and  shortly  afterward  settled 
in  Peniuiylvaniaburg.  where  the  father  farmed,  and  hna  aince  resided. 
Ue  M  uixtv-Beven  yaara  of  ago.  His  wife  ia  aizty-foar  years  old. 
llKunaa  M.  is  the  eldeat  son  and  second  child  in  a  family  of  five.  He 
mit  nand  and  educated  in  his  native  county.     When  twenty  yeaiti  of 



sge,  he  eiilist«(I  ia  Oomp&ny  D,  8ixt«e&Ui  IndJaDB  Voltuit«or  Intukiry. 
under  Capt.  J.  C.  SfcQuistine.  Alter  bii  re<tum  from  the  war,  be  entered 
thf>  Ptnploy  of  tho  I.  C.  &  L.  R.  ft,  Corapanr  (w  brnkornnn  for  Uiree  iDontlu, 
and  wna  then  promoted  to  ooadiictor.  He  n^iiiained  JD  tbia  cnpacitj' 
until  IST'i,  wben  he  was  put  in  obar;r«  uf  tbe  yards  of  lb»  Dame  com- 
pany at  IndiBOHpoiis.  Aft«r  two  yeara  in  tbifi,  bo  again  Utnk  charga  of 
u  triiin  as  conductor.  On  February  14,  ISBl,  he  woh  appointed  (lenerul 
Manager  of  th«  F.  F.  k  M.  H.  U.,  which  position  ho  has  «inc«  filled.  H« 
was  married  in  Ventailles,  Ripley  Cotmty.  to  3Iagfi^isMathti6,daai;ht6r  of 
Andrew  Malbet*,  a  citizen  of  Dearborn  County.  By  this  noioa  there  an> 
tbree  children — Flora  E,  Melville  D.,  Klmer  \V.  Mr.  Somorville  ia  a 
member  of  the  A.,  F.  &  A.  M.,  LawroDcebot^  Lod|^,  Xo.  2\ ;  of  thfi  I. 
O.  R.  M.,  Tied  Cload  Tribe.  Xo.  IH.  at  Indianapolis.  Is  a  Republican, 
and  be  and  wife  are  luembciv  of  tbe  Baptist  Church. 

JhHHE  it.  STAUKKY,  twcoml  non  and  third  child  in  a  family  of 
nice  children,  was  born  An^fiiHt  12.  iS4U,  in  Mndisoa  County.  III.  His 
pnronu,  Jo«I  W.  and  Ja&»  C.  ^Ha^ormaB)  Stnrkoy.  natives  of  Illinois 
and  Indiana  r«»pectiT«ly,  were  married  in  Illinois  in  1844,  and  located 
on  a  farm  in  Madison  C>)nnty.  whi^re  they  lived  nncil  1860.  Removing 
thenea  to  a  farm  in  LiOf^an  County,  they  have  since  roaidod  there.  Jeaae 
Ktarkey  was  reared  and  educated  In  his  native  county.  When  be  iras 
twenty  years  of  age,  ho  entorod  Linoilu  University  at  Lincoln.  III..  fn>m 
which  he  gradaated  in  1874  after  fuur  yeare  of  bard  study.  Durio^f  the 
winter  following  (1874-75).  ho  was  Ptincipul  of  the  schools  at  Broad- 
well,  111.,  aof!  during  the  two  tinccecding  wintora  taught  select  sphool  in 
Boyle  County.  Ky.  In  the  fall  ol  187C,  be  took  the  I'rincipolsbip  of  the 
Martiosville  SchooU.  where  be  at  present  resides.  On  December  21, 
187*1,  he  waa  married  lo  I'hibbie  H.  Caldvrell,  daughter  of  B.  H.  Cald 
well,  a  reeident  of  Boyle  Coimiy,  Ky.  By  thin  miion  there  have  bc«n 
four  children — Lucy  C.  (deceaited),  Ella,  Horace  L.  and  Itusflell  I.  Mr. 
StarJtey  ia  a  member  of  the  I.  O.  O.  F.,  Mflrtinsville  Lodge.  No.  '.i74,  and 
in  politico  ia  a  DenmcrAt.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Stariiey  are  menibera  of  tbe 
Cmnlwrland  Prettbvteriao  Church. 

E.  F.  STIMSON  was  born  in  IroJoIl  County.  N.  C.  Dooomber  13. 
1829.  and  is  the  fifth  of  the  eighteen  children  of  Henry  E.  and  Annie 
L.  (Brandon)  Stim«on,  natives  of  Hnlifat:  County.  Va,.  whera  tboy  mar- 
ried and  afterward  moved  to  Iredell  County,  N.  C.  In  IHib.  they  moved 
to  Monroe  County.  lud..  and  there  remuiued  till  death.  Their  childrau 
were  Robert  T.,  Sarah  ■!.,  Elizabeth,  Oeorgn,  I'>iii«mafi  F.,  Mniy  A..  John 
"W.,  Henrj-  A.,  Lafayette.  William,  LoniHa,  Joai'ph.  Wilbur.  Edward. 
and  others  who  died  in  Infancy.  E,  F.  Sliinaon  moved  with  tiia  parents 
to  Monroe  County,  and  in  IfioG  removed  to  Morgan  County,  where,  June 
10.  IS(10,  he  marrif^d  Merry  A.,  duugbtorof  Jacob  and  Mnhala  VauBiokel. 
and  a  native  of  Morritt  County,  N.  J.  To  this  union  were  bom  nine 
children— Jacol^  Harry,  Louisa  (deceased).  Daj-ton  C,  Anaon  B..  Mahn- 
le,  Mary,  Adhou  M.  (deceasod).  and  Evaliaa.  In  lS(il,  Mr  Stimson  en- 
HatM  iu  Company  Q,  Twenty -seventh  Indiana  Volunteer  Infantry,  and 
served  until  September,  18(>4.  After  bis  discharge,  he  movwl  to  hiA 
present  place  and  engaged  in  farming.  Mr.  and  Mm.  Stimaon  ure  mem- 
bers of  the  Methodist  Episcopal  Cb'uroh. 

AUSTIN  SWEET  i«  a  native  of  Fleming  County.  Ky.,  was  born 
Angiut  16.  IS'tl.  and  i»  the  youugeet  of  the  three  ohiUlren  of  Benjamin 
and  Harriet  (Milte)  Sweet,  nattveu  ros[r(yctive]y  of  Kentucky  and  Vir- 



Sinia.  BoDJamin  Sweetwas  bom  in  1798,  his  father,  William  Sweet,  b&v. 
ing  beea  odb  of  the  wirlimt  pionopni  of  FIcminK  Couatr.  Ky.,  and  the 
parent  of  eight  nonn  nod  two  daughters.  Bonjamiii  mot'Eid  to  Morgan 
Coanty.  Ind.,  in  mSi4.  wherf  he  and  vife  closed  their  livee.  Our  sob- 
ject.  AuKtin  Sweet,  married  in  this  county.  Novenil»«r  22,  1S65.  Hannah 
K  ,  daoffhter  of  Johu  and  iBsbe)  Clurk.  and  born  March  11,  1S3S.  Thig 
onion  i^avo  bvin^  to  six  childrou — ^Bonjaiuin  F.,  Uallock  (duooaitcd),  Ed- 
ward M.,  Harriot  A.,  Ann  ldeoe>asfld)  and  Otis  A,  Ur.  Sweat  is  a  worthy 
and  genial  gentlntnan,  as  well  aa  a  respected  citizen. 

ROBEHT  U.  TARLETON.  M.  D..  drnggisl,  whs  born  in  Maaon 
County,  Ky.,  March  24,  lS22,  and  reared  in  Brookvillo,  in  that  State. 
Dnrinf;  hie  boybood.  be  attended  the  aohoola  of  the  day.  and  when  eeven- 
teen  one  of  a  hiKher  grade.  At  the  age  of  twenty-one.  he  remOTed  to 
Uistiouri,  but  soon  returned  to  Kentucky',  and  engaged  in  Umc-liitig  and 
in  the  stitdy  of  modicine.  In  1S4Q,  be  located  as  a  practitcou^'r  uuar 
Edinbnrg,  Ind.;  in  1847,  came  lo  this  county,  and  in  1S40  attended  lect- 
nrM  at  and  in  18dO  graduated  from  the  Uhio  M'vliciU  College,  during 
which  year  he  removed  to  Kentncky  and  there  married  Mies  Maria  Pra- 
ther  April  IS,  1S50.  He  then  located  at  Patriot,  Ind.,  whore  he  toat  bia 
wife  in  1851,  and  afterward  name  to  this  town,  where  be  has  ainoe  been 
•ngaged  in  the  practice  of  his  profetuiion.  together  witb  the  drug  baai^ 
aws,  which  he  establiDhod  in  iSii'i.  in  which  be  baa  now  a  partner  id  Ine 
nephew,  W.  B,  Tarleion.  and  does  a  bUBiness  of  from  SIS.OJO  to  jlS.OX) 
aoQually.  Mnrcb  2,  lSr>2.  ho  ra&rried  MI.'^h  Elizn)>eth  S.  Wamplor.  with 
an  iaaneof  eight  obildren — Ciirrie,  Emma  J.  R.  Harriet  S..  James  W'., 
Harry  H.,  Kdgut.  Juu«  and  Maurice.  lu  18'^,  hv  laid  ont  the  boBntifiil 
HiUfldale  Oemot^n'.  In  addition  to  bis  atore  building,  T)r.  Tarleton 
owna  a  fine  residence  and  other  property.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Mh- 
aouM  and  a  Democrat.  In  1870,  be  was  ap]x>iDted  Trusltfo  of  the  Indiana 
Hoepital  for  the  luBane,  and  re-nontinated  in  It^Sl. 

WILUlAJt  B.  TAYLOR  wa»  t>om  in  Lawieneo  Coonly,  Ind.,  Sep. 
tMuber  L6,  IStU.  His  parents.  Tosbun  and  Mary  (Armstrong)  Taylor, 
nativM  of  Virginia  and  Kr-utucky  rt>Hj>MliTely.  came  to  Indiana  in  1800, 
and  nttled  on  a  farm  in  Wai^hin^ton  County,  where  tboy  romaiucd  for 
«tght  years,  remoTing  thonco  to  Lawn-noe  County,  In  February,  1S21, 
tbey  came  to  Morgan  County,  locating  on  a  farm  one  mile  from  Martius- 
Tille.  In  1S34,  the  mother  died,  and  ten  years  later  the  father,  with  bia 
children,  moved  to  Green  Towuabip.  where  be  died  in  June.  1855. 
William  B.  Taylor  is  the  fonrth  son  and  seventh  child  in  a  family  of 
eleven  children  roared  in  Jlorgan  County,  and  when  ftfteen  years  of  age 
be  betfso  leamiog  the  blaclcamitli  trade.  After  one  year  at  this,  he 
workea  tor  the  neighboring  farmers  until  1S3U.  He  then  worked  on  a 
Hat-boat  between  New  Orleans  and  Mnrtiupiville  for  Mitoholl  Bros,  until 
1842.  For  fximo  time  be  worked  in  lead  mines  in  AVjRuoDAiD.  and  in  Au- 
goat,  1845,  be  woa  married  to  Jane  Kt<tlingor,  a  native  of  WaidiiDgtoa 
Cotinty,  Ind.  Tbey>  have  two  children— Mary  A.  and  Sarah  A.  Hja 
wife  died  in  November,  1854,  and  one  year  later  he  was  married  to  Caro- 
line Hoogb.  By  this  anion  tliere  ia  one  child.  Lillie.  After  bis  tirst 
Btorriaga,  he  farmed  near  Murtiuitvllle,  in  WoahUigton  Townahip,  for 
Bioe  yeara.  and  tlien  oold  bin  farm  and  pnrchaHod  another  one  in  Oreen 
Townahip.  Here  bo  fanned  for  thirteen  years.  In  18*19,  ho  began  trad- 
ing in  stock,  and  at  preswni  residee  in  Mart iuHvi lie.  engaged  in  the  same 
way.     Mr.  Taylor  ia  an  active  member  of  the  Kopublican  party.     He 






woe  Count/  Oomnuseionar  for  two  years,  re-elected.  And  aerved  bix  years 
longer.  Me  waa  Township  Tnutee  (or  twu  years.  He  llllod  tbs  uiiex- 
pired  teriD  oC  offioo  for  Mr.  PorLam  {dpoeaAedj  in  iSiM,  and  was  again 
«lootod  io  1S62  and  1803,  and  agaiD  in  1S06.  Ur.  aad  Mxa  Idylur  are 
metabere  of  tbe  Cumberland  Cburcb. 

JORN  THOMAS  is  a  native  of  Tennessee,  wa.i  bom  Januar)'  2.  1S17, 
and  is  tbe  eldffet  of  the  ton  cbildreu  of  Peter  and  Hurab  Tbomiu.  botb  uf 
whom  wwe  nativBR  of  Korth  Carolina.  John  Thcmaii,  tbeniibjtKtof  this 
flltetcb.  came  with  hia  poiwuta  to  this  State  in  1S23.  who  8ettle<l  in  this 
ocniQty.  and  buro  John  boa  remainc<l.  April  1.  lS-11,  he  niarrlrd  Mt^w 
Nancy,  a  daughter  of  ThumaH  aud  Klizabeth  Maxwell,  and  bom  iu  ibis 
county  NoTeniber  LI,  lS'2'.i.  After  hid  marriage  Mr.  ThomoM  locntod  in 
this  township,  where  be  ban  ^ioce  made  hie  home.  Mr».  ThumoH  died 
October  17,  185f,  and  March  31,  1S61,  Mr.  Thomas  married  Mrs.  Lucy 
J. .widow  of  JoibuttKtDg,  andadaiightur  of  Ueury  and  Mary  Harper.  Ur. 
Thomas  ia  the  parent  of  three  chililren— Sarah.  Harrison  and  an  infant 
daughter, which  died  unnamecl.  Mr.  Thomas  is  oirenernllyn>R|HM!l«dciti]:i>n. 

ELI  THOMAS  was  born  in  Morgan  County,  Ind.,  on  the  farm  on 
which  be  iftil)  ruHideH  October  lb.  188U,  aud  is  a  m>q  of  Pet«r  aud  Surah 
Thomas,  botb  natives  of  Orange  County,  N.  C,  the  former  bora  Deoom- 
ber  15.  nifl,  the  latter  May  'S.  ITV)"),  The  grandfather  of  our  subject 
Abram  Tboiuu^.  was  a  native  of  Wales,  wbo  emigrated  to  America  durin;^ 
the  last  century  and  settled  in  North  Carolina,  where  he  married,  r«area 
a  family  of  uiue  ehildron  and  paiwcd  away.  Pet*^r  Thoujas  mairied.  io 
I8l0,  MIm  Sarah  Graves,  booh  after  settled  near  Knoivillo,  Tenn.;  in 
18L8,  moved  to  Clarke  County,  Ind., and  tlience  in  1S22  to  Murgan  County, 
wb«r«  he  died  December  2,  1868,  and  bis  wife  December  'i5,  1S7S.  They 
were  parents  of  tea  children — John,  Henry,  Daniel,  Solomon,  Lucinda. 
Luuina,  Eli,  Geor{;e  W.,  Elizabeth  ituii  Nancy  A.  Eli  Thomas  murriod, 
December  2,  1S5Ij,  Miss  Huth.  daughter  of  Abraham  and  Naucy  A.  Huff, 
and  a  native  of  Monroe  County,  Ind.,  L>om  May  14,  1881.  After  mar- 
riage, Mr.  Thomas  nettled  on  n  small  fnrni  previously  purchased,  and  in 
ISOO,  having  purobnaed  the  homeBtead,  moved  thereon.  In  IR84.  be  en. 
listed  in  Company  C.  Thirty-third  Indiana  Volunteors,  aud  served  until 
the  struggle  ended.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Thomas  have  had  aix  children — Albert 
W.,  Nancy  £.  (ducejisod),  Sarah  E..  Mary  E.,  Frnncia  M.  (deceased),  and 
an  infant  (etiltbom). 

ELI  THOMAS,  Jr..  ie  a  native  of  Murgan  County.  Ind..  waa  born 
September  1 1,  1852,  and  is  a  son  of  Daniel  Thoutas,  also  a  native  of  aald 
county.  Daniel  Thomaa  wa»  twice  married,  nod  tbe  pai-ent  of  nine  chil- 
dren, viz.:  By  the  first  wifeUve — Eliza.  Elizabeth,  Allen,  John  aud  Eli, 
al)  of  whitm  are  deceased  except  the  subject  of  this  writing;  by  tbe  sec- 
ond wife  four  children— Sarah,  David  D,,  Soiuinna  and  Charles  \V.,  all 
of  whom  are  living.  Eli  Thomas  married  in  this  coonty  December  31, 
ISH,  MisB  Anna  L.,  daughter  of  WUliam  and  Katie  Maybee,  and  born 
February'  2,  1857.  a  union  which  was  ctmsptoious  iu  the  birth  of  four 
ohildreu — Bertha  M.  (deceased),  Charles  O.,  Daiay  (daceafled),  and  Ger- 
tie. Ur.  Thomas  is  an  energetic  and  genial  gentleman,  aud  much  es- 
teemed nmoDg  hiH  fellow-citizens. 

HARRISON  THOMAS  is  a  native  of  Morgan  County,  Ind.,  was  born 
April  25,  1852,  and  is  one  of  the  family  of  three  ohildrou  bom  to  John 
aud  Nancy  Thoman.  October  28.  1875,  our  nubjeot  married  Miss  Martha 
A.,  daughter  of  John  and  Martha  Bothwoll,  and  a  native  of  thtscouDtj, 



bora  Jaly  4.  1854.  This  noloD  has  been  endeared  by  tiie  birth  of  two 
cbildreD — John  and  Harr;.  Mr.  Tliouiaa  'i»  a  most  ]»tNni8in|f  Aod 
fpffmtly  refjaided  geatleman,  as  well  as  praotitml  and  entorpristng  farmer. 
Hi«  farm  cum))ritiot  'Zlh  ooriM  of  rich  and  cultivated  tanii 

AMOS  THOKNBrRO.  of  the  firm  of  Thornbnrg  &  Small.  dBalwre  in 
grain  and  proprietors  of  the  Union  Mill  and  Elevator,  was  bom  in  this 
cotintf  F«bniary  27,  1827.  aud  likewiHu  roiarvd  here.  His  father,  Bfoja- 
tnin  Tbombui^,  vas  bom  near  HarrodsburK.  Ky.,  September  25,  i7V7; 
nartd  in  W«a^nffton  CouotT.  Xnd..  aoJ  iu  1S22  remuved  to  Ihie  cuunty; 
seUiled  near  Brooklyn,  and  eat^^red  in  nil  ICO  ncrai-,  10(1  of  which  nre  now 
in  snltivntioD.  He  was  rigidly  temperate,  and  tbas  set  h  fair  example  to 
the  pioiie«a«;  a  lifelong  lueiiiber  of  the  MeLbodiot  Epiacotial  Obarch,  filso 
an  exliort«r  and  clnss.  leader;  he  waa  an  old-time  \Vhig,  and  later  a  Re- 
pnblioan.  In  1817,  be  married  n  Mieo  Suasn  Monicnl,  who  died  io  1870, 
baring  boroe  fonrteeo  children,  seT^n  of  whom  BiirriT© — Rachel  (Mrs. 
Mood),  Hanuah  (Mm  Davia),  Amanda  (iln.  Rtanot),  Ada  (MrH.  Dryden), 
John  U.,  X'»t«r  F.  and  Ainux.  Oar  eubjeet  eog&frod  in  farmioj;  for  bi» 
father  sereml  years,  and  in  lh<>U  purchiised  aixty  acres  in  Brown  Town- 
ihip.  to  wbicb  be  added  forty  aftorwar<l.  Ho  continued  farminf*  until 
lSi7.  when  he  moved  to  tliis  town  aud  eu^i^ed  8Ucc««iifully  in  the  mill- 
ing line,  having  one  of  the  best  milU  in  the  country,  with  buhr  and  roller 
combined.  Their  elevator  in  rIro  vory  sHperior,  having  capacity  of 
40,000  htwbelsi  ibey  can,  too,  load  and  weigh  a  car  of  wheat  in  eicht 
minotOT.  Mr.  Thoroburg  has  b««n  twice  mairied — firat,  April  lO.  18d4, 
(o  Hiss  Caroline  E.  Poiigbty,  of  Vennont,  who  died  January,  1870,  leav- 
ing three  living  t'hildreo — Jameit  D.|  Beiijuuiin  K.  and  Albert  M. ;  oecuud. 
Oolober  3.  1877,  to  Mro.  Amanda  B.  Wilson.  Mr.  Thornburg  is-an  Odd 
Follow,  a  Repoblioan  and  strictly  t«iaperate  and  prudent. 

SALEM  A.  TILFOKD,  M.  D..  waft  l>oni  in  JefiV-iflon  County,  Ind.,  F**h. 
nBTf'2.  18^7.  with  good  opportunities  fur  education  iu  the  Madieou  High 
School.  Iu  1S45,  be  took  up  tbi-  study  of  miidicino  tuidcv  Dr.  J.  H.  I>. 
Bogera,  of  Madiaoa;  afterward  attended  lectures  at  the  UniTersity  of 
Loaiaville  and  the  Indiana  Medical  College,  at  Indianapolis;  gradnalod 
from  the  latt«r,  and  took  the  ad  eundeni  degree  in  IHifi.  In  lti48,  be 
located  here  and  hiut  continued  his  practice  euccestfully.  November  28, 
1S49,  ho  niarrie.1  MifM  Kmelinc  Major,  who  died  in  May,  ISJiS,  leaving 
one  child  Ellii  R.,  now  a  well  known  teacher  in  this  connty.  April  I, 
1&57,  be  marri(<d  Mi»>'  Ann  Wolfe,  which  tiniuu  wa»t  favor(>d  with  vleveo 
children — Isabel,  Benjamin  W.,  Lulio,  Jennie,  Ann.  Alex  S.,  Mary.  Jo- 
seph Vi'..  Amanda,  Hnrry  aud  Hoy  E.  Dr.  Tilford  wan  a  Whig,  but 
afterward  became  n  Republican;  was  zealontt  during  tbo  war,  but  later 
affiliated  with  the  Democrats,  liy  which  party  he  waa  elected,  in  1870, 
Auditor  of  Morgan  County,  haTing  twrired  about  eighteen  months  pre- 
vuHialy  ae  Baid  ofiScer.  Dr.  Tilfot^  ia  a  Chapter  Mason.  When  be  came 
fini  to  this  town  there  were  oulv  >:I50  eonht  therein. 

BENJAMIN  W.  TILFORDi  physician  and  dniggint  was  bora  in  thia 
town  KoTembM"  8,  iSb\>,  where  he  was  reared  and  attended  the  high 
•cfaool.  In  1S7S,  he  Ix^sn  the  study  of  DMHlioino  uudor  Iuh  fatiier'iH  in- 
■traetion;  also  attended  titctures  at  the  Indiana  Medical  College  at  Iq. 
dlumpolia  in  187V  and  18S();  gradnated  in  March,  1881;  came  home  to 
MarlimtTille,  nod  in  the  autumn  engagml  in  the  drag  trndAi  He  baa  a 
42.000  stock,  and  baa  dune  a  Bulisfactory  busineai. 



J.  E.  TOXKR,  n  nnti'ro  or  Sbplh^*  Ooanty,  rnd^  wnii  boni  on  JEmiary 
21,  1K41,  Bnd  ill  thn  oon  of  John  and  Nannv  (Parker)  Toner,  natives  of 
PennsvlTania  and  K«Dtuc^y  respectively.  The  falli«>r  titill  resides  in 
Shelby  CoaDty,  th<^  mother  havioj^  dtod  in  IS'^6,  leaviiig  four  children, 
of  whomuur  snbjoct  i»  ono.  The  father  rabeeqaently  remiuTted.  and  has 
fonr  childron  by  his  Iftnt  wifa  Ono  subjoot  wiM  enj^Bgod  in  esrly  Hfn  on 
the  farm  and  attending  achooli  later  entered  the  NortbTreatera  (now  But- 
ler) Uuiv«'raily,  at  IndiaaapolU.  From  this  university  he  enlisted  in 
April,  1}<81,  in  Company  D.  Seventh  Indiana  Infantry  (Lbren  monthe' 
service),  wont  toVirginisaad  wan  a  participant  in  tho  battleeof  Pbilippi, 
Laarel  Hill  and  C&rrick'a  Ford.  IlMm^ing  hotno  after  bin  time  expired, 
be  re-ealisted  for  tbre?  years  in  Company  D,  Tbiity-third  Indiana  In- 
fiuiLry,  proc<je«led  with  his  regiment  to  Kentucky,  and  participated  in  the 
battle  of  Wild  Cat,  siege  of  Mill  Spring  and  CumbBrland  Gap  At  the 
latter  placA  ho  wa*  taken  prisonw  by  Morgan,  beM  for  wvon  weelcs,  when 
ho  waa  pamlfd  nnd  aent  to  Cnliimbii<i,  Ohio,  Parole  Camp,  wheTB  he  re- 
mained four  we«ks.  and  then  dec^iuped  nud  came  home.  On  January  8 
followiaK>  he  waa  exchanged,  and  returned  to  his  ref^intent  at  NoAhville, 
Tenn.  He  with  his  command  took  pari  in  the  battle  of  Thompsoa's  Bta- 
tioD,  whoro  a  large  portion  of  bis  rofi^inptit  wim  captunid  by  thn  enemy. 
Our  tmbject,  with  about  eighty  others,  escaped.  Returning  to  Franklin, 
be  waa  dinchar^^  for  disability,  and  again  rBtumed  home.  In  January 
following  he  again  re  enlisted  in  Company  U.  Sixteenth  Indiana  (mounted) 
Infantry.  KorviMl  aixtoen  montlu,  and  was  engaged  in  thu  sieg(>  nt  Vjcka- 
bOTg,  in  the  Red  River  cnnipnign.  iinil  nt  the  battle  of  Sabino  Crom 
fioads-  After  bis  regiment's  terra  of  service  expired,  he  was  transferred 
lo  Company  C,  Ihirtoi^Qth  Indinnn  C'avalry,  and  sL^rvi-d  with  it  until  De- 
cember, 18fl&.  when  he  was  mastered  oat  at  Vicksburg,  Mifs,  He  wan 
wounded  at  Thibodcaux,  Lo.,  in  the  left  leg.  the  enemy's  ballet  saTeriag 
the  main  artery  near  the  groin.  Upon  his  return  home,  he  asaisted  bis 
father  on  the  farm  until  be  was  tweuty-seven  years  old.  On  Sept«mt>er 
24,  1807,  he  waa  uiarried  to  .Sophia  Salla.  a  native  of  Raah  County,  Ind. 
Then  for  seven  years  ha  farmed  for  himself  ia  Shelby  County,  In  1875, 
be  came  to  Martinsville  nnd  embnrkM  in  the  grcery  trndn.  eoiitinning 
nine  years,  when  he  ptn'chased  the  Maiiou  House,  and  has  .■^ince  be«ncon> 
duptiog  it.  This  is  the  only  lirat-clHss  hrjslelry  iu  tuwu.  Mr.  Toner  is  a 
Republican,  snd  aarved  asChairraan  of  the  City  Conncil  seventeen  months. 
He  is  a  member  of  the  A-  O.  U.  \V.,  the  K.  of  P.,  and  of  the  G.  A.  R 
He  and  wife  are  both  members  of  the  Methodist  Episcopal  Cbnrcli.  Mr. 
and  Mrs.  Toner  have  five  children  living — Ottway  C.  Edward,  John, 
Oracu  and  Aunin;  un  infant  deceased.  Up  in  one  of  the  liberal  and  en- 
terprising eitinens  of  MurtinBville. 

ERNIN  TOWNSENO,  u  sou  of  Silui  and  Hannah  Townsoud,  waa 
bom  ia  Washington  County.  Ind,,  Novemlier  20,  lS2tl.  The  grand- 
father of  our  subject,  William  Townsend,  was  a  native  of  South  Caro- 
lina; moved  to  Waaliirigton  County.  lud. .  in  ISIO,  and  to  Morgan  County 
in  1821,  where  he  died.  Ho  was  a  soldier  for  seven  years  in  the  Revolu- 
tionary war.  Silas  Townsend  married  in  Wauhington  County,  Ind., 
Hannah  Noglt^  abont  1S13.  who  die*!  in  1821.  In  1H22.  Mr.  Townaend 
moved  to  Morgan  County,  where  be  married  Susan  Thacker,  after  which 
he  removed  to  Louisville,  Kr.,  nnd  ended  his  days.  Ho  was  father  to 
five  children — Robinson,  Susan,  Huston  and  Ervin  by  first  wife,  and 
Martha  by  aecond  wife.     He  was  a  soldier  in  the  war  of  1812.     Ervin 

Towneoud  came  to  Mori^a  County  with  hia  grendpareitts.  vitb  wbom  be 
rvmainL'd  iintil  December  31,  1S40,  when  bo  marrioiJ  Mary  A.,  dauf^litvr 
of  Kichurd  and  Rebecca  Cenkins.  and  a  nntivn  of  Wnsbingtoa  Ooiinty, 
T«nii-,  born  Mny  25,  1^25.  Aft^r  marrtojfp,  Mr.  Townsond  ncttleMi  in 
this  towushir.  where  hf^  bsA  an  improvnd  fsnu  of  240  ncrea.  Mn. 
TownseDd  divd  Jnne  f>.  \SS'i,  Lsriug  bi>rn«  tw(<lv*>  Hiildrou — Surafa  J., 
Tbomaji  J.,  Martbn,  William,  Franklin  P.,  .Inmi>fl  ldn«<(a4od),  Itohocco., 
Ehnnia  F.,  John,  Hiittio,  Maggie  and  \ara  E.  ilr.  Towunend  i»  na 
flstoemed  oitizoQ. 

THOMAS  J.  TOWNSEXD,  son  of  William  and  Mary  Townsend,  nativos 
of  Kortb  Carolina,  was  bum  May  10,  1840,  iu  ihis  (owusbip.  Hid  pnr- 
•ots  wore  married  in  South  Carolina,  andimmi^atodto  Indiana,  loonting 
io  Waahington  Coonty,  whence  they  ehurtly  afterward  removed  to  Mor- 
gan County,  and  iiettlod  on  a  (arm  in  Washington  Township,  whsre  the 
father  farmed  until  1847.  He  then  removed  to  Mie^oori  and  remained 
nntil  the  Bftring  of  1857,  wbvn  bo  rutuniud  witb  bin  family  tn  Mur{;un 
Coonty.  In  the  fall  of  18,>7,  tbe  fatber  died.  The  mother  in  Nrtverabnr, 
iy8&.  Thomas  Townsend  waa  rearMl  in  bis  native  county,  and  educated 
to  Missouri.  When  flev«nt««n  yearn  of  age,  he  returned  to  Morgan 
Coonty  witb  hia  pEiruDta,  finally  locating  on  R  farm  of  130  acres  in 
Wflchiiif^D  Towoabip.  which  be  inherited  upon  hia  tathor*:!  death.  Ho 
ranuiined  there  for  tweaty>three  years,  when  he  removed  toMartinaville, 
where  be  at  pre«tea(  reaidm.  In  ISOft-M,  he  uervedns  Township  Aaaeasor. 
H>  alao  served  Mv«r*l  timeH  aa  Sapervisor  of  Koada  in.  the  township. 
On  Deoember  13,  i860,  b*  was  iiuitfMl  in  inarriagie  to  Bfeliuda  J,  Cox, 
dan^hlor  of  John  L.  Cox,  an  old  and  ro»pnot«d  citl^nn  of  Morf*nn  Coun- 
ty. By  tbin  nnion,  thore  have  been  eigbtchildren  —  Mary  E.  (deceased), 
William  L..  Thomas  A.,  Ruth  A.  (decoasiKl^,  Violn  <,deceas«dj,  Maggio. 
Nettie  and  Lillie.     Mr,  Towoaend  is  a  Republican. 

SAMUEL  TUCKJiR  wiw  born  in  Henry  County,  Ky.,  May  26.  1810, 
and  is  u  son  of  James  and  Marj-  fKitnher)  Tncker,  natiraa  reapectively 
of  Ireland  and  Virginia.  James  Tucker  emigrated  from  Ireland  to 
America  and  ^ettleid  in  Fayette  County,  Ky..  wliou  twenty  one  yeara  old, 
where  be  married.  Iu  1880.  be  moved  to  Marion  County,  Ind.,  located 
Bear  Indiannpulis,  and  nburlly  ufti.'r  lUed.  hitt  wift.'  surviviuK  him  about 
twolvit  ywu-s.  Tbeir  family  connihted  of  Robert,  William,  James.  Har- 
vey, Margaret,  Jamee  R.,  Slepbec,  Sarah  and  Siiuiuel.  When  Samuel 
WBM  eigbtoen  yeara  of  age.  ho  heoaiiio  an  approntict*  to  thu  cabinet-mak- 
ing trade,  attar  completing  which,  in  1839,  be  moved  to  MartinHville, 
worked  for  a  time,  and  then  commeuflod  basioees  for  himeelf,  which  ho 
continued  a  number  of  yeara.  April  23,  1S48,  be  married  Sarah  C, 
daughter  of  Jeremiah  and  Xancy  Vincent,  and  burn  in  Frankltu  County, 
Ind.,  Febnuiry  2.  1823.  To  this  union  were  l>cii|U^>iitbed  a  family  «( 
eight — Nanoy  A.  (deceased),  Ledgurd  R.,  Clarindn,  Ree«<  H..  laaao  W., 
]iU  A.,  Palmanora  and  Lily  P.  InlS'^o.  Mr  Tucker  moved  to  Indian- 
apolis and  engaged  in  holelkeeping  one  year,  ib>:^n  reiurued  to  Martioa. 
ville  atvd  purchased  the  Miwou  Hou-^e,  which  be  managed  eighteen 
noBlha,  and  finally  moved  to  hia  prwonl  homo  and  farm.  Mr  and  Mrs. 
Tucker  are  membera  of  the  Christian  Chnrch. 

REV.  AARON  TTRMER  was  bom  in  Greene  Oonoty,  Ohio,  Jnne  4. 
1886.  Hia  parents.  Joseph  and  Mary  (Burnsides)  Tnroer,  natives  of 
Ohio,  wore  married  iu  Ohio  in  1830.  removing  thence,  in  184U.  to  Runh 
Ocmnty,  Ind.     Uia  father,  a  Methodist  mininter,  resides  in  Piko  Coauty, 



lod.,  ai  the  advAQcetl  age  of  neTentjr-tbroe  years.  Tho  motber  died  in 
1S49.  The  Kiibjeot  wan  Lbe  third  hod  and  foorUi  child  ia  a  family  of 
foiirtooD  childroD,  and  wiu  roarod  id  hi«  natiro  oouotr  notil  foortooa 
f«ar8  of  agn,  removing  thencR  to  Biuh  Connty,  Ind.,  where  be  lAQght 
ecbool  for  two  yotin.  Id  ]$57,  hu  eDt«r«l  the  minietry  at  Dm  Aunual 
CoufeniDoe,  held  at  i\'«w  Albany,  oT«r  which  Bi^Uop  Mon-iit  proaidod. 
His  first  appointmeut  was  on  the  Poseyville  Circuit,  where  he  retDuined 
for  one  yoar,  th<'n  rwjnJTing  an  appoiutninnt  to  Onrwuvillo  Circnit.  At 
the  end  of  bis  firet  year  at  OnentiTille  he  wns  ordained  "  Deacon"  at 
Clootuiogton,  Iml  ,  l>y  Bixhop  Scott.  His  third  appuintuit^nt  wanSulIiraD 
Station,  where  he  remained  for  twoyeara.  After  bis  first  year  at  StUlivan, 
he  wns  ordained  **  Elder"  by  Bishop  Simpson  at  Kotikport.  Hu  wiut  ut 
OreODGOotlo,  dnring  which  time  b«  was  appointod  agent  for  the  Asbnry 
University,  which  position  be  filled  for  two  years;  for  the  past  five  months 
has  beou  located  in  M»rtLDtvill«.  In  18<0,  tho  Wesloyun  TJoiTersit/ 
conferred  ujxin  hira  the  degree  of  '*A.  M.,"  and  in  June.  18S3,  the  Asbiur 
University  wuforred  upoahioj  tho  degree  uf  "D.D."  In  Octohor,  1868, 
he  wan  married  to  Mary  E.  Van  iSiclcle.  daughter  of  Jacob  Van  Sickle,  a 
pioneer  of  Morgan  Cuimty.  There  w&s  oiie  child  by  this  QDion,  Luella 
(deci^acwd).  Hia  wife  died  in  ISOl.  Aui;u;at  21.  ISOO,  be  married  Lncjr 
Bowles,  daughter  of  Henry  Bowles,  of  ETanHville.  Irid.  By  this  uaion 
there  ore  two  children,  Helen  and  Jeissie.  Rev.  Aamn  Turner  i»  a  mem- 
ber cf  the  A.  P.  ii.  X.  M.,  hIbo  of  the  K.  uf  P.,  and  is  a  Itepnblican. 

JOHN  A.  WAONER  h  a  native  of  aeroiauy.  was  bom  July  &,  1821, 
and  is  a  bod  of  Adam  F.  and  Wilhelmiaa  Wof^aer.  In  L81S.  he  emigrated 
with  bis  mother  to  America,  bis  father  bavin^  died  in  bis  native  couutry 
in  1S4(X  jBTiuary  2.  1S49,  in  Onondaga  Cnunty,  N.  Y..  onr  nubjoct 
married  MisB  Elizitbelb,  daughter  of  Adam  and  Hannah  Ditse,  and  borik 
May  6,  182-1.  Shortly  after  bis  uiarriage.  Mr.  Wagour  inov»vJ  to  the 
State  of  Ohio,  tbenca  to  Iudiiuia]X)Iis,  Ind.,  and  tinally.  in  1805,  to 
UorgUD  County,  whine  he  has  since  resided.  Mr.  Wagner  is  tho  owner 
of  1>^3  acreaof  very  excellent  land,  which  is  well  improved  and  cnllivaled. 
Mr.  and  Mrs.  Wagner  are  the  parents  of  five  children — Catheriue,  Charlie, 
Frank,  John  and  Lonisa.     Both  are  highly  respected  in  their  comcQUnitv. 

GEORGE  M.  WALKER  is  a  native  of  Slonroe  County,  Ta..  w'as 
bom  October  5,  1830,  and  ia  a  son  of  Ooodlow  and  Rebecca  (Henderson) 
VVfdker,  both  natives  of  Virginia;  the  former  lx>ni  ISffl),  the  latter  iSDi, 
Goodlow  Walker  wa»  a  eon  of  George  Walker,  also  a  native  of  Virginia, 
•nho  married  a  Misa  Adams,  tbc&  moved  to  TeuDes8««,  and  finally  to 
Mudison  County,  Ind.,  where  he  died.  He  was  twice  married  and  the 
father  of  tea  children.  Goodlow  Walker  moved  to  Hendricks  County, 
lod.,  in  ]H3'\  and  there  died  in  18G4,  the  father  of  live  cbildreo,  Jamea 
D.,  Hanriet  S.,  Ctarinda  J.,  John  E.  and  George  iS..  Oiir  subject  mar- 
ried, October  fl,  1858,  Mary  T.,  daughter  of  John  M.  aDd  Martha  E. 
{Brnnch)  Sattorwhite.  and  bom  March  27,  I83'l.  In  1851,  Mr.  Walker 
moved  to  Montgomery  County.  Ind.,  and  September,  lSfl2,  enlist'ed  in 
Company  F,  Fifty- fourth  Indiana  Volunteer  Uegiment.  in  which  heeervecl 
until  Decombur,  L8Q3,  during  which  timo  hi^  family  moved  to  Martins- 
ville,  where  onr  subject  made  a  home  after  hiti  discharge  from  the  service. 
He  is  now  frorviag  mo>*t  sntiafactorily  as  Superintendent  of  the  Poor.  Mr. 
and  Mrs.  Walker  have  a  family  of  seven  children — Jameet  H.,  Susan  M., 
Ida  T.,  Louisa  E.,  George,  Nettie  B.  and  William  A. 



&.  B.  WALKER,  eldest  son  of  Miobeel  and  Uar;  (Aaarewn)  Wa1k«r, 

DAtiTf«  of  Murylaiidancl  Ohio.  n«p«ctiTelv.  w«e  born  in  Johnson  County, 
Iztd.,  October  20,  1SS5.  Hin  parents  locnted  in  Milford,  Ohio,  aftw 
mBrriai^.  wbero  tho  father  tollDW«l  his  trade  of  cooper  for  a  short  time, 
raDOTJDg  tbencp  to  Indinnspoliii.  whero  ho  twgnD  tbp  msnnfnctoro  of 
l>*n«ljB.  His  property  there  beinj;  destroyed  by  fire,  he  went  to  Fraoklio, 
Ind.,  his  prment  nK4idl'!ncl^  A.  B.  Walker  was  reared  in  JobiiMn 
Ccmnty.  Ind.  He  received  a  good  edneation  in  the  gradml  schools  ni 
Franklin,  and  at  the  aae  of  seTcnteen,  wse  employed  hy  the  F.  F.  &  U. 
R.  B.  in  the  office  of  ^hn  M.  Johnson,  at  Franklin.  Two  yearn  I«t«r, 
he  was  dpiiointod  agent  at  Martinsville  for  the  aame  road,  and  is  at  pree- 
«Dt  acting  in  tlmt  cn]>acity.  In  1S7S,  hv  began  buying  timber  and  For 
two  feazB  past  he  baa  also  be«n  dealing  in  coal.  In  August,  1SS.1,  b« 
bailt  a  factory  for  tho  manufacture  of  hubs,  spokes  and  stavM,  and  has 
tbas  far  been  very  sncceesful.  In  Februarj-,  18W2,  he  waa  morriod  to 
Looiaa  A.  Clapper,  daughter  of  W.  0.  and  Martha  Clapper,  Martius- 
Tjlle.  Ur.  WatKer  is  a  charter  member  of  the  K.  of  I*.,  AuniTor»ary 
Lodji^.  No.  89.  is  a  Bepnblican,  and  be  and  wife  are  membera  of  the 
Christian  Church. 

F.  M.  'WARXER  is  second  of  tour  children  bora  to  Andrew  J.and 
Judith  (Lockhart)  Warner.  riativM  uf  Keiituoky.  He  was  bom  in  this 
township  AagQBt  S,  1842.  Hie  parenLa  Iw^att^d  on  a  farra  in  Morgan 
County  after  marrioK*^*  vrhtTf  they  lived  for  houio  titoo,  removing  thence 
to  a  fnrm  one  mile  south  of  MartinsTille.  Four  y«are  later,  they  moved 
to  Martinsville,  where  the  mother  at  present  resides.  F.  M.  Warner 
remained  with  his  parents  until  uiueteLm  yrars  of  a^.  Uo  run^jved  his 
edocation  in  thegraded  schools  at  Martiuavillo.  He  was  refused  enlint 
meat  in  the  army  in  1861,  being  niider  age;  he  afterward  eot«a'e<l  hie 
father's  employ  in  a  livery  stable,  which  he  purchased  Uiree  years  later, 
and  is  now  prolltably  conducting.  Mr.  Warner  is  a  Republicau,  and 
acted  aa  Councilman  of  the  Fourth  Ward  for  two  yearn.  In  October, 
1878,  be  was  nuirric?d  to  Lnora  F.  Bogle,  of  Patmau  County.  InA  She 
WAS  •  gooit  Christian,  and  at  the  time  of  her  death,  which  occorred 
Angnitt  15.   iSTi.'.  she  wan  u  member  of  the  Methodist  Church. 

WILLIAM  WTLLTAJIS  W8«  bjrn  near  Paoli.  lud..  May  1.  18115. 
a  aon  of  Jonathan  and  Celia  (Silcos)  Williams,  natives  respei-tively  of 
TeDnesBoo  aud  North  Carolina.  Jonathan  Williams  was  a  son  of  ijohn 
R.  Williams,  of  Kast  TnnneeMee,  who  niarriod  Margaret  Rt>cid.  and  in  the 
«arlT  time  moved  to  Morgan  County,  Ind.,  where  he  died  about  1830, 
ilie  parent  of  ten  children,  ^eveii  hoy» — William,  Lewis.  John  K.,  laaac 
KoTton,  Robert  and  Jonathan.  He  whs  bom  in  Tennessee  Febmary  17, 
1795,  come  to  this  territory  when  yonn^,  and  in  1820  to  Iforgan 
County,  where  he  and  wife  died,  the  former  September  15,  lS4r).  the 
latter  July  20.  lSt)8.  He  was  one  of  the  first  County  Commiasioners 
who  located  the  city  of  >Iartinavitle,  He  was  uloctiil  HheriGT  in  18^4, 
again  in  1886,  and  in  1838  was  elected  to  the  LegJBlature.  He  was  with 
(}en.  -Iflckson  in  hin  first  battle,  was  a  prominent  and  reapected  eitisen, 
and  the  father  of  the  following  family:  William  Pleasant,  John.  Jona- 
tlum.  David,  Jaokeon,  JameM.  Folly  ami  Nancy.  William  has  rmidod 
h«re  KJnoo  b9  oame  with  bis  parents  in  1^920,  December  31.  1810,  he 
married  Emma.  daagfat«r  of  Jolm  King,  to  which  nnion  three  children 
fnllowod:  Celia  A..  Howard  (d(>c4>ftsed'|  and  an  infant  {deveased).  After 
Mrs.  Williams'  death.  February  25,  184^,  he  wedded  Martha  J.,  daughter 



ofWilliun  A.  Mnjor.  witii  no  i8U(«  of  rovod (^ildron — Angelina  (deoeoMd),     1 
Franklin.    Perry  (dw«fUM>(l),   Robert  H.,   Dora  K.,  Jennie  {decuAed), 
nod  California.     Mr.  WiUiBins  has  sbttM  u  Sheriff  and  is  now  Townxbtp 

EDWARD  WOODS  vraa  bom  in  MorKiin  County.  Ind..  July  !2. 
184&  and  is  on<>  of  tht>  flro  chiMr«Q  compoHing  the  fntnily  of  Patritik  iitxl 
Klury  (Dougherty)  Woods,  nativ«e  of  Ireland  and  Ohio  rMpectiTelj.  ' 
Patrick  Woods  wm  born  in  181 1.  vmiKfRied  to  AineTi<*-u,  and  in  1343  to 
tho  Htato  of  Ohio,  where  he  married  the  same  year,  and  afterward  moved 
to  Morgan  Oonnty.  Ind..  and  settled  oD  tjie  idootiual  land  vrboro  oor  i 
tnibject  now  rmideft,  which  was  biti  home  ontil  hindeatli  in  1805.  Mra. 
Woods  eubseqaently  wedded  Thomas  Dougherty,  und  itt  yet  living,  her 
family  coinprinin}^  tiru  in  number — Jamoe,  TbomoK,  Kdward,  Patrick  and 
Cnthwino.  Edward  Woods  married  in  this  comity,  October  8.  1878, 
Miss  Mary  E.,  dAn^^bter  of  William  and  Bath  Kemp,  and  a  natite  of 
Morf^Q  (Vmnty,  lx)m  February  IS.  1S-57.  Mra.  Woods  died  April  15, 
IHhl,  haviug  bueu  the  mother  o[  six  children — Ro««ie  A..  Mattie,  Aliea, 
Thomas.  William  (dooeaeed)  and  Mary  £.  (deceaaed),  Mr.  Wood  ia 
much  H)Bi»ected  by  hia  fellow^citlzeuB. 

OWEN  WOODS  ifi  a  native  of  rrelnnd.  and  was  bom  June  24,  18 14, 
and  ia  the  youn^at  of  the  famiJy  of  Jamee  and  Mary  (Welcli)  Wooda, 
both  uabives  of  Irelatid.  where  they  were  luarrit^  and  died.  Th«y  were 
the  parenlfl  of  four  chiKb^n^Thomaa,  Patrick,  Catherine  and  Owen.  Our 
subject  wtut  tii&iritK.l  while  in  Iivlaud,  in  1835.  to  Glten  McCarugh. 
Aft«r  nmi^rrntin^  lo  theXJnited  Statcw.  he  settled  in  Morgan  County.  Ind., 
in  the  year  1S4S,  on  the  farm  on  which  he  now  liTes,  and  where  he  i*;  com- 
fortabie  and  indeiieufiently  situabx).  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Woods  are  mi-mbM^ 
of  the  Catholic  Church,  and  have  been  the  parents  of  eight  ehildren — 
Mary  <d6c«a6«d),  CatberiDO  (deoeaaed),  Brid^^t  (deeeaaed),  Mary.  Kllen 
(deceaaed),  Katie  (deceased).  Ann  and  James.  Mr.  and  Mra.  Wooda 
are  greatly  respected  in  the  cominuuity. 

A.  R  VAN!SICK£L  was  l>oru  at  MartinBrille,  this  county.  Felnraary 
27,  1842.  and  is  oneof  the  eight  children  of  Jacob  and  Mohiila  (Salmon) 
Vanaiokel,  natives  of  ^nseex  County,  N.J.  Jacob  Ynn^iokel  wa.'^  bom  in 
1814,  hia  wife  in  1S12,  and  in  1K8H  they  moved  to  Heniy  County  Ind., 
and  thoQoe  tu  Morgan  Couuty.  where  >Ir.  Yausickel  died  iu  ISOO.  and 
Mrs.  Vansickel  twelve  yeam  later.  Their  family  was  Mercy  A,  Mary 
E,,  Sarab  S.,  John  D.,  Andrew  K..  Alonzo.  George  W.  and  Sosan  R, 
Onr  subject,  Angast  1801,  enIiKt«d  in  Company  U,  Tweaty-Snvnntb 
Indiana  Volunteers,  and  served  until  September,  1S64,  with  much 
exporionco  iu  many  Beven*  bnttloH.  After  his  discharge  and  return  to 
this  erjunty,  he  married.  November  '24,  18(54,  Mary  L,.  daughter  of  Henry 
and  Phobo  Miller,  and  a  native  of  New  Jereoy,  born  February  20,  1S40, 
which  union  wae  favored  with  aii  children — Otia  H.  {decea»ed).  Sarah 
E.,  Williuin  F.,  Maggie  A.,  Jueeph  A.  and  Mary  E.  Mr.  Vanaiokel  ie  8 
member  of  the  Masonic  order,  of  tho  O.  A.  R.,  and  of  the  Methodist 
Epiaoopal  Cbnreli. 

ALBERT  VOyi.ES  was  bonj  in  Morgan  Connty,  Ind.,  Angoat  20, 
1S42,  aud  is  a  son  of  Ivan  and  Irena  (Elgin)  Voyles,  nHtives  of  Indiana; 
the  former  born  in  1813.  Mi-b.  Voyles  dieil  in  1855,  after  which  Mr. 
Voylea  married  Catherine  Shirenaan;  be  died  in  18S0.  Tho  grandfather 
of  our  hubject,  Moeee  Voylea.  was  one  of  the  eariieat  settlers  of  Woali* 
ington  County,  Ind.,  whence  ho  moved  to  Moi^au  County,  and  thcro  lived 



ont  Ui  dayit;  be  wb«  a  aolilier  of  Lh»  vsr  of  1SI2.  Albert  Voylw  is  Uie 
yonngMt  of  Iho  foni*  obildren  of  bis  pareota.  Anfput  II,  1862,  ho  b*- 
eune  a  noldier  of  Company  H,  SoYentiutb  lodiann  Volaateers,  in  wbicb 
hf  Mrvftd  until  Juno,  1865.  In  Oetobnr,  1K08,  bo  tQarrim]  Susan. 
(Uogbt^r  of  JoeboA  and  Rhoda  Gilpin,  and  bora  io  Hue  county  Febrnary 
20,  1S4{I,  wbiub  itiiion  wart  ctnuuntcd  by  two  ofaildri-'D — Mamie  D.  udiI 
J&mw  K.     Mr,  Voylos  in  a  practical  man  and  a  reepooted  citizen. 


GEUR(iK  W.  BASS  is  a  native  at  Jobnaon  Connty,  Ind.,  and  was 
bom  June  20,  1842.  Hie  poreutri.  Josiab  H.  and  Glisabetb  (Robinson) 
Ba*Wf  Dntivmt  of  KimtnckT,  bad  iwTeii  obiidrnn.  of  wbicb  (ieorg«)  W.  was 
the  ftiitb.  and  mtb  thi«e  older  brotber^  Hia  yontb  was  speot  apon  tho 
farm,  and  bin  education  aoqiiirt-d  at  Greenwood  Higb  .Scbool  in  bia  na- 
tive ODunty.  In  the  summer  of  lStl2.  be  osrolled  at  Sprinf^tiold,  Mo., 
in  Compauy  1.  Firvt  Hiseouri  Calvary,  and  served  to  the  close  of  tbe 
war.  Tbn  tirst  ynar  of  bin  service  woh  spent  scoutinfif  in  Soathweet«>m 
UiMOiiri  and  XortheasterD  Tezaa;  and  be  also  participated  in  tbe  battle 
of  I'rairii'  Orov«  and  tbe  Van  Buren  fArlcanaae)  raid.  He  was  at  tbe 
■ie^  of  Vickaburg  as  Orderly  to  Gen.  Herron,  and  afterward  sawiwrvioo 
at  tbe  following  plai^itii  in  thpir  order:  Yazoo,  MisK.,  Baton  Itouge, 
Conollton,  MnrganKa  Bend,  and  Sew  Orleans,  La.  From  Browuttville, 
Tex.,  be  retnruLvl  to  Baton  Rouge,  wber@  ho  bad  obargu  of  tbe  divit^ion 
m&il  for  scHue  time,  when  be  was  ordered  to  bis  rogim«at,  tbon  at  Littlo 
Book.  Ark.,  from  wbicb  place  be  was  honorably  disobarged  from  the  aerv* 
ioe.  Aftor  leaving  tiw  anny,  bo  clerlied  awbilo  in  a  dry  goodH  bouse,  a 
dni^  store,  aod  tinally,  in  tbe  year  1S74,  settled  down  in  the  dm^  busi- 
DOM  at  N«w  An^^ta,  lad,  wbiire  bo  rennained  four  yoant.  In  1S78,  he 
ramoved  to  Muoresville,  where  he  baa  since  been  engaged  in  tfan  drng 
bttStlMn.  On  Novoaber  8,  I87I,  he  wmt  married  ut  Greenwood.  Ind..  to 
Mary  E^  daugbt*^  of  W.  A.  Woods.  E»f|.  By  this  marriage  be  haiii  bad 
born  Io  him  tbreo  ebildrt-u^ — Frank  R,  Charlie  W.  and  Nellie  B.  The 
notber  of  Ihotte  children,  diotl  March  80.  18S0,  and  October  27,  1881, 
Vr.  Baas  was  married  in  Morgan  County  to  Martha  T.  (I'tirley)  Bray, 
Both  fw  and  hia  wife  are  members  of  tbe  Mntbodisi  Episcopal  Church, 
aad  Hr.  Baas  belongs  Ui  tbe  Independent  Order  of  Odd  r  ellowB,  aad 
Knighta  of  Honor,  of  which  )att«r  loilg«)  be  is  prwont  Finanoial  Be- 
rort«r.  H«  owns  a  small  farm  in  Johnson  Count^-,  and  bis  ruaidvnce  ja 
Uoorflsrille.  as  also  the  busiiifws  prujjerh'  in  wbicb  he  carries  a  Incratire 
dmg  trade. 

JAMES  M.  BISHOP,  a  promising  yotuu;  lawyer  of  Mooreaville,  was 
bom  fo  Uamillon  County,  Ind.,  May  i31,  \SaO.  Ki»  parents.  Jusepii  and 
Naney  (Chew)  Bishop,  were  natives  of  Virginia,  and  of  Unglisb  dcdceat 
3bey  bad  oiKht  children,  oar  subject  being  thu  suvontb,  with  two  older 
bvoibers.  He  grew  up  in  WestfltOd,  and  finished  hia  education  at  the 
lIoore«ville  High  School.  In  May,  1873,  he  began  the  study  of  law 
with  Ford  &,  Blair  in  Shelby ville,  Ind.,  and  in  tbe  year  followini;  wus 
admitted  to  the  bar  in  Indianapolis,  aod  from  tbore  came  soon  afterword 



toMoormTille.  As  a  proetltioner,  li^  is  tnicora»ful,  aiid  we  bespeak  for 
hiiD  a  promiDODt  placv  in  the  very  front  rank  of  bin  profMsion  at  no  dif>- 
taot  day.  He  is  a  member  of  Uie  MelbodUl  EpiHCOpal  Cbnrch,  an  active 
BopubJican,  n  gotxl  dphn,t<>T,  and  a  pnblic  ftponkftr  of  ranflh  mnro  than 
average  ability.  Bo  niade  biti  firet  [rolitical  si)eech  io  1S70.  and  bas 
since  lAken  an  efTMtive  part  iu  all  tbi-  »lectiuti  campaigns.  Tbe  declia- 
in^  Toani  of  bis  a^red  mother  and  father  are  made  (Comfortable  and  bappy 
by  Uie  generosity  and  kind  attpntion  o(  an  ever  duLifiil  wd. 

HAUKIS  BKAY,a  pioneor  of  Brown Towiwhip.  Moreno  County.  Ind., 
a  native  of  Cbstbam  County,  X.  C,  is  tbe  sixtb  cbild  and  foartb  son  of 
SIX  fious  and  eiglit  daiigfaU-rs  of  William  and  Peggy  (Brooks)  Bray,  ca- 
tivvB  of  Nortb  Carolina,  and  of  I^o^liflb  desocnt,  and  was  lK)m  December 
24,  1798;  came  into  Morgan  County  in  the  year  18^'J;  entered  from  the 
GoTt'mm*»nt  a  traot  of  land  in  th**  year  IS23;  .snttleifl  upon  it.  and  here  as 
a  farmer  he  haii  eince  lived.  Until  nearly  twenty-one  years  of  age,  be 
livnL  with  bia  part^ntc]  in  North  Carolina.  His  vduoutiou  w»a  limited  to 
that  of  reading,  and  something  of  peBmansbip  was  acquired  at  the  aab. 
scription  twhooln  of  hia  native  p]a<*e.  In  September,  18UJ.  be  wa«  mar- 
ried io  North  Carolina  to  Rachel  Moon,  by  whom  hn  bad  born  to  hira  ten 
children — Bnintley,  now  in  Iowa;  Austin. now  in  luwa:  Muacy.  aow  in 
Iowa;  Eli,  now  in  Kansas;  Wesley,  now  in  Iowa;  Kiloy,  now  in  Uor(;aa 
County,  Ind.;  Alfred,  now  in  Kanaa.'i:  William,  died  in  the  army  at 
Enford,  S.  C. ;  Kilon,  wife  of  David  Sheets,  in  Morgan  County.  Ind.; 
and  Yoonger,  died  at  the  a^  of  tbirty-ei(;bt  yeara.  The  mother  of  tbeae 
children  died  in  April,  187^.  at  tbe  age  of  seventy-eight  years.  Mr. 
Bray  joined  the  Methodist  Episcopal  Churrh  when  alv>iit  forty  tivn  years 
of  age,  and  hus  since  lived  tjie  life  of  a  consist'ent  Chrietinu.  His  de. 
c«8»ed  wife  was  a  member  nf  the  aame  church  many  years  of  her  life, 
and  was  noted  for  her  parity  of  life  and  Christian  conduct  Together. 
tbem>  two  people  labortsl  aa  only  piotiours  of  a  now  ooantry  can  uppre- 
eiata  Their  home  was  for  many  years  the  headquarters  for  all  immi' 
grante  to  the  "  new  purchase."  and  what  they  bod  they  gave  fceely. 
X bey  inherited  nothing  but  cheerful  hearts  and  strong  arms,  and  their 
worldly  goods  uere  acqnired  by  their  united  industry.  Mr.  Bray  en- 
tered from  tbe  Ooverameut  from  time  to  time  in  Indiana  about  240  aoroa 
of  land,  and  has  put  about  KK)  acres  in  cultivation.  He  owns  now  a 
floe  fann,  where  he  livw,  of  lOS  nores,  all  in  cultivation  and  well  im- 
proved. He  has  upon  this  farm  a  nia^nili<'ent  4|uarry  of  blue  sandstone 
of  mut'b  value.  About  1831.  be  erecited  a  still-bouse  on  tbe  East  Fork  of 
White  Lick,  about  one  mile  from  where  Mooreevillo  now  standi  and  for 
twelve  years  ran  it  with  a  capacity  of  about  thirty  gallons  per  day, 
Aflor  his  conversion,  ho  ftlmndonod  the  trade  in  liquor.  About  tbe  year 
1841.  be  put  into  op^rstion  a  grist  mill  at  the  oonfluenco  of  the  East 
Fork  and  the  muiu  White  Lick  Creeks,  and  ran  tt  about  three  years.  Aa 
the  mill  was  ruQ  mostly  to  supply  meal  for  bib  distillery,  ho  partod  with 
it  soon  after  going  out  of  tbe  liquor  busineao.  He  is  a  Democrat  He 
has  been  a  liberal  giver  to  both  church  ami  school. 

JARVIS  P.  CALVERT  was  born  in  New  York  City  Jane  17,  18i2. 
and  is  tbo  youu-jest  of  four  ohildroo  of  John  T.  and  Sarah  (Reew)  Cal- 
vert, of  Rhode  Island  and  Pennsylvania  reapectivaly.  and  of  English  «- 
traction.  When  he  was  but  an  infant,  bis  parents  removed  to  Cinoin- 
nati,  Ohio,  where  his  mother  die<1  in  the  yeur  1^*14,  and  bin  fatber  in  Ims 
than  a  year  afterward.     Until  about  ten  years  of  age,  Jarvls  P.  existed  a 



part  of  the  time  in  LoaisTillo,  Kj-,  and  a  lonKtv  period  at  Columbus. 
Ohia  From  tlie  Ago  of  ten  to  twanly-one  yearn,  ha  livinl  on  a  farm  in 
Ohio,  and  attondod  the  public  .whoolH.  In  tbo  apriofr  of  1S03,  ho  camo 
to  lodiana  nod  stopped  h  few  months  at  Plainfield,  und  October  'id.  ISQiS, 
h0  enrolled  at  Iiidinnnpoliit  id  Company  I,  Sixty -third  Indinna  Volun- 
toci  loiaiitrv.  From  this  commaod  he  was  traosferred  to  Companr  U, 
ODeHundrvdaiid  Twouty-ingbtli  ludianu  Vulutitv4U'lDf»ntT^-  ia  the  epriii^ 
of  IftflT*,  and  was  finally  mnawred  out  of  tho  sorvicfl  April  10,  ISfKS, 
While  iD  the  Sixty-tbird  Uegiiuent,  be  saw  much  bard  scT^'ice,  and  took 
part  Id  some  nine  or  Um  re^ulnr  hattles,  and  any  numl^T  of  hot  skir- 
ffiiabea.  With  the  One  Hnnur&d  and  Twenty  eiffhUi  R^^ment,  hie  aervico 
was  li(;bter,  havia<{  bt<eii  most  of  ihu  lim*^  oa  dutachud  duty  u  clerk 
about  b<^(|UHrt«irR.  lie  I'eturued  to  Plaintiold  and  thei-o  Htudtod  pboiog- 
rapby,  and  id  February,  ]>J't7.  opened  his  art  gallory  in  Mooreerille, 
vhvre  be  has  niooe  mado  great  progrena  in  his  profesetioQ.  May  10,  1868, 
be  muiridd  Delia  Perce,  by  uhum  he  bun  bad  Lioru  Ui  him  Sve  children — 
Archie  U-.  Lvuuvlta  May  (diM:t.'u»e<l),  Crcrtrudv  iducututcdl,  Porcy  H.  and 
BarthB  E^ma.  3ir.  Calvert  ia  St<>ward  and  Cburititer  of  tlie  Mnthodint 
Episcopal  Cbnrch.  He  i»  a  mi'ml>vr  of  tbo  I.  O.  O.  F.  and  K.  of  H.  Ha 
ia  a  Republican  in  ))olitic8,  and  an  advocate  of  probibition. 

JOB^i  D.  CAKTKE  ww*  one  of  tbejpioneerHof  "  the  new  purchaae,"* 
a  wealthy  farmer  of  Brown  ToTniHhip,  a  native  of  Anho  County,  \.  C,  ts 
tbe  Bou  of  Kathaniel  and  Ann  (Bamay)  Carter,  and  waa  bom  Hnrch  1. 
iSll.  Hia  pareuta  cam*  to  IcdiaQa  in  1814,  and  aettled  in  Orange 
CiMnty,  where  they  lived  eight  yeaTs,  ooming  to  Morf^an  County  in  1822, 
when  they  ]ocaU.>d  upno  u  small  triuA  of  luuj  enk-rud  frum  the  (iovem* 
moot,  and  at  once  procondtHi  to  erect  a  lo;^  cabin,  upon  the  dirt  floor  of 
wbich  they  slowed  away  their  little  fomily  and  BCttct  supply  of  hounehold 
goodu.  Tbcir  atoch,  oonftii^tibg  nt  bon>w,  cattle,  shefp.  bogiH.  jjul-ho  and 
dneka,  they  brought  with  tbem  from  Orange  County.  Fruiu  a  journal,  writ- 
tOtt  by  tho  Hubject  of  thioBketcb.  invchich  it  faithfully  recounti.>d  the  many 
•xpenwioea  of  ttiio  family,  we  quote:  ^'We  aaw  hard  times  the  lirat  wtn> 
t«r;  we  bad  to  cut  down  ^eon  beocb  and  augar  trees  for  our  cattle  to  eat 
Ibe  buds;  had  to  go  from  twenty  to  thirty  milee  for  corn  to  lunko  bn-ad: 
and  tire  to  aix  milea  fur  help  lo  ruiae  the  cabin."  But  tbeir  experiencve 
were  but  ropetitiona  of  those  of  hnndrivda  of  braTo  pioneers  whoao  bord- 
aliipa  and  privutioua  are  recounted  upon  the  pagea  of  the  early  hiatory  of 
our  country.  Noromber  26,  Is34,  Mr.  Carter  wa»i  married  to  Ruth  Pick- 
ett, in  the  manner  and  form  peculiar  to  the  Friends'  Society,  of  which 
they  were  both  birthright  membLTs.  Tbiit  union  has  b<Mtn  blessed  with 
t«o  children — George,  AnioK  (drceased),  Vineent.  Knrnh  Ann  (deceased), 
Mary,  Ella  (deoeosed),  William  P..  Nathaniel.  Benjamin,  Harriet  B,  and 
Emma.  Tliree  of  his  aoua,  George,  Vincent  and  NathAai«t],  are  prouii- 
neot  altomevB  at  law  iu  the  city  of  Indianapolis,  and  bis  son  William 
livfw  in  Hon  Antonioi  Tex.  Mr.  Carter  haa  been  one  off  the  hardeet  work- 
ing men  of  the  county.  Hift  children  bate  all  been  thoroughly  eilncnted, 
and  aa  they  bare  arrived  at  tbe  estate  of  men  and  women,  have  received 
bvantifnlly  of  the  world'agoodn  from  the  muniticent  hand  of  an  m-vr  gen- 
erooa  parvuL  The  decUuii-g  years  of  bia  life  are  being  happily  spent 
vpOB  bia  mof^iticent  farm  of  about  ;).'>(>  acres,  one  and  a  half  mile»»out.h- 
Mitof  Mooreerille.  where  at  least  onc«  a  year  he  aflnemblea  around  bis 
bearttutoae  and  at  bia  aumptuouM  table  bift  children  aud  graudchildreu, 
aod  whwe  the  merry  rum)>  and  laughter  of  the  little  folks  ore  itubdued  to 



bnmthleas  BilcDce.  as  thvj  liaien  to  ihe  tales  of  pioo«er  life.  ii«  they  coaxo 
from  the  lip^of  on(i  nho  haft  hvf-n  ad  actor  in  »e(<Df>«  thnt  »«md  to  tWir 
yonng  eam  franght  vriih  wondroofi  impoeeilnlitien.  lu  politics,  Mr.  Car- 
tor  huH  always  b6i>u  a  Rejxiblican  uf  tho  moxt  pronouocM  ^^P^  He  is  ■ 
comtiTiU'Dt  Chriatian  gontlemnn.  and  liv«6  sapremelv  hap]>y  in  Ihu  glori- 
oOB  anticipation  of  eternal  life  ia  Heuvi<u. 

NATHANIEL  CAKTKU,  natiTO  of  Orango  Clonnty.  Ind.,  the  aisth 
nbild  and  thiid  eon  of  Nathaniel  and  Aqd  (Kameeyl  Carter,  nntivos  of 
North  Carolina,  and  of  Irisb  nnd  Scotch  eitrHt^tit^n  r*w{>eclively,  was 
bom  llsroh  25,  1815.  His  pareots  came  into  Morgao  County  in  IS21, 
andlocatud  opon  lnndettt«n<d  from  tho  Ouvvrumoot,  and  where  the  two  old 
peopleapHDt  the  remainder  of  thpirdaya,  and  where  Nathaniel  hMsiocu  re- 
sided. He  attended  a  little  at  the  enbecription  Mhoois  end  teamed 
soiDething  of  rcfsdiu^  and  writing.  November  2!),  1S37.  hn  wait  married 
at  Plainfield,  lad.,  to  Martha,  daughter  of  Edward  CliamaeBs,  a  nalive 
of  North  Carolina.  She  bore  h:m  aix  ohitdrnn — Jnmra  R.,  HaDoah. 
Tbomas  F.,  Mary  R,  Natlkaniel  W.  and  William  Edgar.  His  son, 
Thomas  F.,  w»k  killed  at  the  battle  of  OiattADOo^a.  Toon.,  ou  Iklay  31, 
1865.  The  taothxt  of  thecu  childrea  died  OctoWr  2.  18T1,  at  tbu  a^o  of 
fifty-fom-  years,  and  February  13.  1873.  subject  was  married  at  Mon- 
rovia, Ind.,  to  Loiiifin  Jane  (Hubbard)  Blair,  daughter  of  George  Hub- 
bard, deoeaned,  native  of  North  Carolina.  Oar  eubjrot  and  wife  are 
birthright  luembem  of  th(>  Frieuds'  Churrh,  He  is  a  Republican  in  pol- 
itics, and  8  AtroQf;  advocate  of  temperance.  He  gave  the  land  gratia 
Hpoii  which  i.t  louated  public  nchool  buildiug  No.  1.  \Vhat  Mr.  Carter 
posHesaes  he  has  toiled  for,  and  after  giving  away  coniiiderRbId  land  lo 
his  children,  he  yet  owns  a  nice  farm  of  ninety  ecres,  all  in  cultivattOD 
and  well  improved.  Hv  livtxl  witli  his  jian^ntA  and  took  care  of  thvm 
till  their  death.  Hie  religious  work  and  obarittes  are  mostly  among  tbo 
poor  of  the  oouotry,  oad  m  Goob  labor  be  is  oodoavoriug  to  do  tli«  will  of 
the  Everla-sting  Father 

MATTHEW  OOMER  is  the  second  son  of  Joseph  and  Hmter  (Comp- 
toa)Com(»r,  natives  of  Nottli  Carolina  and  Ohio,  and  of  Iriah  and  F^uglisb 
extraction  respectively.  Joseph  Comer  came  to  Indiana  Territory  in 
18(H,  and  located  upon  the  siti^  now  eocnpimi  by  the  city  of  HicbmoDd, 
and  Matthew  waa  bnm  July  I,  IH'25.  He  lived  twenty. one  yearn  with 
his  parents,  learned  the  habits  uf  u  fanuer.  and  att^iiib*d  a  tew  terms  at  the 
subscription  schools.  The  first  twelve  yearn  of  his  majority  wen*devot«d 
to  the  carpenter's  trade,  an  apprenticeehip  to  which  he  bt^ao  a  short 
time  before.  He  wan  married  in  Randolph  County,  Ind.,  in  November, 
ISIO,  to  Adila  J.  Harris,  who  died  March  27,  1881,  having  borne  aeveu 
children — Mary  Jane.  JabezS.,  Sarah  A.,  Levi  C,  William  C.  MinnieH. 
and  MaUi6F.,alI  of  whom  ate  Hvingnt  this  writinp  (Deoera]>er,  1S83).  The 
Comer  and  Hnn-is  tami  lies  wonv  of  the  Quaker  faith,  but  h  avi  iig  refused  to 
"  marry  in  meeting  "  youn;^  Comer  and  wife  were  p<'reuipt*iri!y  dii*mi8>4e>d, 
and  the  Metbudidt  EpiKcojxd  Church  immediately  gained  two  new  mem- 
bern.  .iuKiiflt  13,  lS'i2.  Mr.  Comor  cnlisU'd  at  Richmond,  Ind.,  in  Com- 
pany B.  Fifth  Indiana  Cavalry,  and  served  to  the  close  of  the  war.  His 
Company  was  the  first  t<.  charge  upon  nod  occupy  the  town  of  KurtsWIle, 
Tenn.  They  also  took  a  prominent  part  in  the  capture  of  the  fatnoaa 
command  of  John  A.  Morgan.  He  came  to  Mooreevtlle  in  18Q5,  andsooD 
afterward  embarked  in  the  saw  mill  bueineee,  which  he  hoe  sinoo  fol- 
lowed, and  at  which  he   has  made  considerable   money.      He  is  a  striofc 



tompn-uiOH  mso,  n  KoftablioaD  in  polities,  and  a  mtixon  of  (mimp(>iiobabIc 

PAUL  COX  (doooa«oJ)  nao  n  Dntivf>  of  PoRnoylraniii,  >;oii  of  Ali^xnn- 
der  nod  Klizabetb  Cox;  wa'*  born  NovpmberO,  ISOS,  and  di«d  Manih  15, 
1^6.  He  had  foiir  brDtLcni  nnd  two  Hi>il«r8,  twu  of  the  brotbeni  baiag 
old'^r  than  bimfutlf.  Uf  WB.t  r«^rwl  a  farmor  nnd  follownd  it'  nil  hie  lifo, 
Uiongh  be  waa  a  hrick-miiHuo  bv  trlldl^  aad  aUo  did  a  great  deal  in  that 
lin».  Uia  parmiK  removal  from  I'nniiHylvAnia  to  Ohio,  and  lal«r  on  to 
Isdiana,  and  s^-tied  near  Contrctos,  wb^re  the;*  sp&ot  most  of  their  nfter 
liY«H.  I'aul  n-cviTcd  at  the  Dei^hborhood  »phoolsiQ  XndiiiQu  Bucb  uduca- 
Uon  ae  wbh  practicablo  id  so  qdw  a  ooutitr;'.  Ho  was  Itnit  uarripd  wbon 
quite  youna  to  ilary  Mothows,  who  bon>  him  acvcn  children— Milton, 
Morgan,  Elizabeth  Ann,  Emily.  Harriet  (dect^iifled),  Mnrtnan't  HndGt*ur^, 
The  mother  of  Ihtfue  children  died  in  Auril,  1S40,  uud  iu  the  fall  fullow- 
iag  Mr.  Oux  was  uiurritHl  iu  Mur^^an  Coiiuty  to  Eliv^bvth  Chuadler.  who 
hoTB  bim  seven  childreu — MorriH.  Alfred,  Madison,  Mariub.  Ida,  Laura 
and  Aoatin.  Mr.  Cox  was  a  c.^nniHtont  raotnbor  of  tho  Chnstian  Clmreh, 
ae  ia  alao  bit)  widow.  He  inherited  a  »Eaall  tract  of  land  from  bin  fatbfr, 
bat  tbe  rest  of  Iiih  propurly  L^  worked  for.  leavinfr  hi^  family  a  bandnome 
patrimony  which  his  widow  baa  managed  with  skill.  She  wa&  left  with  four 
minor  cbUdren,  which  she  reared  uud  carvd  for,  educattid  and  made  of 
ttaam  bonorod  and  reapoctpd  men  nnd  womiiin,  Mr.  Cox  wn»  onp  of  the 
beet  oitiseos  of  Uorgan  County,  etriotly  boneet  and  nprigbt  in  all  bis 
dMiltDga,  belured  by_his  nt>ii*blM)rtii,  and  reepected  by  all  who  Itut'W  hii9. 

NATHAN  DAI'  is  the  mn  of  John  and  Kditb  (LowdtT)  Day.  who  woro 
born  in  Nurtb  Curoliau,  whf<n>  thuy  mot,  loTod  und  married,  and  from 
wh»nc«,  na  hop(«fiil  yonng  pioneers  they  came  to  Indiana  in  thi«  yvtii 
1820.  They  lo«i\ted  Rt  unc«  upon  a  trnet  of  land  which  they  entered 
frum  lh«  Uovvimmcni,  and  wbiob  liee  about  half  a  mile  rtoathMwt  from 
the  present  town  of  Moor«evilk\  in  Morgan  County,  Here  tbey  under- 
want  tho  trials  and  hnrd«hips  incident  to  pionoor  Ufo.  Uoro  thoir  chil- 
dno  were  bom ;  here,  by  their  united  effort  and  direction,  the  primitive 
forasta  w«re  reduced  and  replaced  by  broad  and  fertile  tieldK.  and  from 
batv.wbeii  lif«was  nolon^^r  frauKbt  with  privations  and  anxioa^  Gnn«,thvy 
took  tbcir  fiiuil  loavu  of  all  fartfaly  ihio^.  and,  their  Apirita  retarning  to 
Him  who  ^avp  thorn,  their  iKxliw  were  laid  away  to  await  thi>  linid  nwur- 
rectioQ  morn.  They  w«r«  members  of  the  Friends'  Chorch,  and  died  in 
the  eixtietli  and  tifti^thfonrtb  years  of  their  ages  respectively.  Nathan 
is  tboir  third  son  and  the  only  one  of  the  family  now  living.  Ho  wna 
bosn  Jane  '^9,  184^^,  and  baa  alwnya  lived  upon  tbo  old  homestead  which 
he  tM>w  owns.  He  wait  married  Xovembfu-  24,  lSd4.  to  Candaoe  C, 
dftogbtAr  of  Asbiiry  Kooter,  and  has  had  born  to  him  two  children — 
Nelne  E.  and  Fmncia  R  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Dayaremombursof  theFrieudt^ 
C'hoiob,  and  be  belongs  to  the  L  O.  O.  F.  He  is  a  strict  tomperunce 
Gaao,  aad  in  politios  a  Hepnblioan.  Hia  farm,  consiflting  of  120  acres,  ia 
one  of  tbe  b«it  improved  nnd  most  valuable  in  the  oeighborbood. 

JOSEPH  H.  EDWARDS  is  the  son  of  Henry  J.  and  Hannah  (Davis) 
Edwardo,  nntive»  ef  Virginia  and  North  Carolina  respectively;  was  burn 
in  Grayson  Coanty,  Va..  May  4,  1833,  and  was  brought  by  his  parents  to 
Indiana  in  1837.  They  Kittled  finit  in  Wayne  County,  wh*Te  tlioy  lived 
ahont  twelve  years,  and  where  the  molber  died.  The  family  afterward 
removed  to  Banduljih  County,  wliure  the  father  i»  living  at  Qiis  writing. 
Joaepb  U.  was  married  in  Hendricks  Coanty,    November  21,    ISuZi,  to 



Sarah  Jauo  WIK  frho  has  bornn  hiiu  seton  ohUdron — Laoiada  ^..  A3»- 
lulh  D..  MorLba  A..  Lnaa  3.,  EffieM..  Lottis  C.  and  un  infaul  dwieaitod. 
Dot  nninMl  Mr.  EdwardM  wom  r<tnr»i)  upon  a  farm,  and  ftont  Di  tbo  noij^b- 
borhood  achoolfl  when  a  lioy.  nhfire  be  Innmed  Houiflliiiii;  of  the  f  lemoat- 
anr  Htndi««.  In  r.hi>  spHug  of  1850.  h«  c»in«  into  Mur^tiu  Cotititv.  lived 
a  few  yeara  at  Uoorearillo,  and  roiuorod  to  hiH  farm  whore  he  baa  since 
reiiided.  He  was  takno  60fiun»ly  ill  to  July,  1882.  and  has  neror  fuUr 
nvoTnrnd.  Hn  ban  told  hiii  farm  propoi'ty  witb  a  view  to  rotnoving  into 
Moormville,  where  be  will  niak«  bis  future  hom«^  Mr.  Edtrards  ia  B' 
B«lf-mado  mao.  His  inothor  diud  whuQ  be  was  but  tliirteon  y«araof  age, 
and  bis  father  turned  him  at  onoo  npi>n  Ihe  world.  Ue  worked  fonr 
>(««  for  one  man  at  S50  |>or  year,  aud  two  yoars  after  at  soniflthin^r  of 
»D  inoTflasB.  Thofl  1ih  )>egnn  Utv.  and  slowly  but  flRn>ly  bn  has  crnpt  np. 
E«  has  given  each  of  Uig  chiKlrea  $2.UIX>.  and  rasarved  tu  hiiui^eir  a 
handsome  competecoy.  Both  ho  and  wifv  arv  rnombecs  of  Ihe  Uethodist 
EpiHcopul  Church,  havinj;  come  into  that  orgiinizntioa  from  the  Society 
of  Friond*. 

OEOBGE  FARMER  ia  a  fBMner,  n  natiin  of  Ruilford  County,  N. 
O.,  18  tb«>  third  of  U>ii  children — four  «ona  and  aix  dHu^^hters — of  Jacob 
aad  Pens  (Shoffner)  Parmer,  natirea  of  North  Carolina  and  of  OOTmao 
d<^«c:eDt,  iii\d  was  born  April  11,  18^1,  His  parontB  cume  to  Morgan 
Connty  in  1824,  nod  after  about  eight  yoara'  rnsidence  in  Drown  Town- 
ship removed  to  Hendrioka  Ooantr,  where  they  lived  the  r«maindOT  of 
their  dnj-s.  the  fatlit-r  dying  in  SeptorahtT,  I88I.  in  the  herenty- ninth 
year  of  his  age,  ajid  the  mother  in  AiiKUst.  lSfl5,  in  the  Bisly-eighth 
yoar  of  h«r  age.  George  was  reared  upuD  a  fiinn,  at  tbv  subncriptioo 
Bohool  loamed  Homnthing  of  reading,  writing  and  arithmetic  and  lived 
with  hie  parAitu  until  twenty-eight  years  of  age.  when,  on  December  24, 
1448,  be  was  married  iii  Mcinrou  Townehi}),  Morgan  County,  to  Lydis 
Elliott,  daughter  of  Alfred  Klliott,  alao  a  native  of  North  Carolina,  and 
by  thin  marringe  ho  bus  had  born  to  him  olftven  children,  thu  first  of 
whom  died  in  infancy  not  named.  The  others  were  Jacob  (died  at  the 
age  of  seven  yearn).  Mary,  Cai-oliue,  Alfred.  William.  Catharine,  John. 
idvaro  (died),  0<%rge  iind  Leonard  K.  Itotb  Mr.  and  Mn.  F,  are  mem- 
bers of  the  M<.''thudist  Episcopal  Cbtii'cb.  and  Mr.  F.  js  u  uieiiilntr  of  the 
I.  O.  O.  K.  at  MooroBTillo.  He  rnniovod  from  fTailford  Township,  Hen- 
driclcB  County  to  Brovra  Township,  Horgan  Coonty,  in  August,  IHbH, 
where  he  pun'haaed  and  settled  upon  the  farm  be  has  ainoe  owned  and 
occupied.  He  was  one  of  the  i noor|wratorB  of  the  Mooreaville  Monitor. 
He  and  hia  wife  inherited  from  their  respective  piireut«  a  ?mall  nam  of 
money,  and  tlie  mat  of  their  poftsmsion.^  have  bnen  BC(|aimd  by  their 
nnited  induittry.  He  owns  at  present  a  splendid  farm  of  'IW  acres, 
motitly  in  cultivation,  woU  impruvinl,  ?itooki^d  and  i'qui)>peii  for  Airrioalt- 
oral  iiurpoBoe.  In  politicH.  ho  is  a  llepublican.  He  is  an  ardent  tem- 
perance man  and  an  advocatfi  of  prohibition.  Ho  is  a  good,  BiibstAntinl 
citizen,  held  in  high  wtt^em  by  hix  neighbors  and  tho.te  who  come  in 
contact  with  him. 

ABNER  HADLEV,  formvr.  Brown  Townahip,  Morgan  Co..  led.,  is  a 
native  of  Hendricks  County,  lud..  and  the  third  of  four  children  of 
Joshua  B.  and  Mary  T.  (Hndley)  Hadley,  nntivea  of  Xorth  CJarolina. 
Ho  wOD  born  December  2H,  182^;  rnareil  upon  a  farm;  at  the  public 
sch(X)U  of  Indinua  acK[uired  a  guod  Euglii^b  education,  and  in  hU  «arly 
manhood  taught  two  torms  in  Hendricks  Couuty.     His  father  died  in  the 


twenty.  eighUi  year  of  bis  age  wh«n  our  eubject  was  al)Ont  throe  years  of 
t^  His  mtithttr  divJ  iu  Hi'itJrickH  County  November  19.  1880,  iii  the 
flvveDt^-thini  ypar  of  bor  agi>.  Siibjoot  livmi  with  biti  mothnr  until  he 
was  about  twpDty-oo«  y^aTs  of  ag«,  vrbea  bo  set  oat  id  tbe  world  for  biia- 
Mlf.  On  Unrch  21.  IS'')'),  bo  wa8  loarrind.  at  Wu«it  Uuian,  Murgsa 
Coonty,  !o  Ann.  daughtpr  of  Uarid  and  Mary  Lindley,  aativea  of  North 
Curulioa.  By  tbis  utarrini^c  bt>  bad  burn  to  hitu  four  chiUlruo — Obarlue 
(fanner  in  Hardin  Connty,  Iowa).  Mary  £.  (wifa  of  Thndous  S.  Town- 
wDd,  DOW  8t  Albaoy,  Ontg. ),  Franklin  Si.  (to  Morgan  County),  and  Flora 
E  (wife  of  JoQws  F.  Hsnley,  of  Hendricks  Cuunty.  Ind.).  The  mother 
of  thwe  «bikb*n  died  February  I,  iSti'i,  in  tfae  thirty-third  year  of  her 
%g«.  Od  April  lo,  15^1,  h«  waa  noxt  marripd  to  Bcalob,  dau^htor  of 
^f  ilHnm  and  Ann  Hodloy.  nativE«  of  Xortb  Carolina.  By  tliin  marriafre 
two  cbildriTn  wfTO  boni,  Jo^bna  and  ICiljfar.  Mr,  Hadley's  Mooud  wife 
died  F»?braary  24,  1^67.  in  the  thirtysst'TeLtU  year  i»t  her  ago,  and  on 
January  11.  ISClt,  bv  married  for  bin  third  wife  HulHo  A.,  daughter 
of  William  B.  and  LiidiUi  K.  Hnbhard.  nntivoa  of  \orth  C'HKilinn.  Mr, 
and  Mrs.  Hadley  aie  both  birthritcbt  rnQmbers  of  the  Fxiesds'  Society, 
aud  am  at  present  Eld«rs  in  tb<*  Whit«  Lick  Church  of  that  douotuina- 
lion;  Mr.  H.  iealHooneof  the  TrusteeB  of  this  church.  He  is  a  liberal  girer 
Ic  all  cburchiw  and  scboDls  in  his  vicinity  without  regard  tusuct  or  creed. 
to  politics,  be  is  a  itepnblican :  :h  also  an  ardent  temperance  man  and  ad- 
Tocnto,  aud  n  friend  of  prohibition  at  nil  times.  From  the  estate  of  his 
tatiier.  ho  inherited  a  tract  of  land  of  small  value  The  rest  of  bis  prop- 
rrty  be  baa  acquired  by  bis  owd  indupilry.  He  owns  at  iMt^enl  a  iiue 
farm  of  285  acrei*,  nearly  all  in  cnltivntioQ,  well  improved  aud  stockwl 
with  b{»«eH,  ho^  and  cattle.  The  farm  and  iit<>ck  receiTe  bia  personal 
rapervision  and  management  He  came  into  Morgan  County  in  the 
spring  of  1803,  and  located  upon  the  farm  aiticu  owned  and  oconpied  by 
lum,  about  one-half  mile  north  of  the  town  of  Mootesville.  He  is  a 
reputable  and  intluential  citizen,  reBi:)ected  by  his  neighbors  and  ttsleemed 
by  his  church  as  one  of  its  most  snbsULntial  pJUura  and  supporterH.  His 
wife  is  8  woman  of  unqaMtioD&ble  merits  and  noted  for  her  charities  and 
Clirietian  conduct, 

CLLSTON  U  HADLEY,  druftgist,  MooruBriUe,  Ind.,  was  bom  in 
Brown  Township,  Morgan  County,  Ind. ,  May  1 1.  iSlj5.  and  is  the  young- 
•at  of  four  children  of  Iisaiah  tind  Emily  (Hndley)  Hadley,  native*  of 
Ohio  and  Indiana  respectively.  He  wna  but  about  two  years  of  age  when 
his  father  died.  The  lirst  sixteen  years  were  spent  by  Clinton  C.  upon 
the  farm,  and  by  devotiuff  a  portion  of  the  time  to  his  studies  at  tbo 
HoorMville  school  be  acquired  a  gixid  English  education.  At  the  age 
of  Mgbtooo,  bo  began  the  drug  businesti  as  clerk  for  Jonnpb  Pool,  and 
twovewv  afterward,  in  the  fall  of  liilo,  he  went  to  Mt.  Carmel,  III,,  and 
tor  ona  year  bad  charge  of  a  drug  house  belonging  to  his  brother.  Re- 
turning to  Moorcsvillo  he  clerked  (or  Hadley  &  Harvey,  druggisU,  until 
thu  summer  of  1880.  when  ho  bought  out  tho  interest  oF  the  senior  mem- 
ber of  the  tirm,  and  Hhorlly  afterward  IxKiame  the  aole  onuer  of  the  sstalh 
tishment  Mr.  Hadley  is  a  "  birthright "  member  of  the  Friends'  Charcb, 
and  Oils  official  chairs  in  the  Subordinate  Lodge  and  Encampiuent  of  the 
I.  O.  O.  F,  He  is  unmaTried.and  in  oon-'^equeuce  very  popular  with  the 
ladies,  a  wide-awake  Uvpublicun  politically,  aud  pOHiiesned  of  all  tho  es- 
seabisl  reqnisitoi  lo  an  upright  cilir.en  and  gentleman. 



JOHX  FRANKLIN  HADLEY  is  of  thp  ntunly  old  Qnakflr  stock,  mi 
aiXbarm  fnithfiilly  to  tbo  teuchiu^  of  that  unostfiitiilioaH  society.  A 
native  farmer  and  ttto^k  grower  of  Brown  Township,  in  the  youngest  won 
ol  Aaron  und  Lydia  ^Uadley)  Hadley,  originully  o(  Xorth  Carolina,  was 
born  January  14,  1810,  anJ  oducotetL  at  the  Frioniia  White  Liok  School. 
Ho  was  marriod,  M&rcb  13,  18^.  to  Lydia  Ann,  daoghtar  of  William 
Macy  (deoeseed),  and  haa  bag,  born  to  him  four  children — William  A.. 
Linnie.  Mahlon  and  Cora,  aii  son  Willinm  h  studyinir  naedicinn,  Mah- 
Ion  IE  at  Ktu-lbatu  Oolleg^.  and  the  aocumpliiihiu»ntfi  of  Uia  daaglitere  aro  not 
beinf;  nnj^lMtvd.  In  tho  fall  of  1880,  Mr.  Uadluy  wat  elected  County 
Oommiiiflioner,  and  re-elected  thereto  in  1 882.  He  was  one  of  the  organ. 
izen  of  th«  Farmers'  Bank  of  Mooresville.  nnd  for  oif;ht  yoant  wim  od* 
i>f  itet  directora.  Thout^h  a  straight  Rc^pnblican  p<:)Iilically.  he  it  not 
rndicaUy  partisan,  and  to  thia  fact  wa«  dii^  his  tintt  uoiniuatioQ  for  th« 
oflicp  of  Connty  Commiasioner.  His  aecond  nomination  and  election  re- 
anlted  niitnriilly  from  tbo  efficient  manner  in  which  the  affuini  of  the 
office  wore  adminietered  during  his  lirat  inRUiuhnncy.  Mr.  Hndlny  holds 
the  office  of  Aet^istant  Dictator  in  the  order  of  K.  of  U.;  he  is  an  nnqual- 
ifiod  advooatL-  of  prohibition,  ami  wa«  niuong  tbo  very  firet  public  men  in 
Morgan  County  to  oppow  the  system  of  lEigally  lioenKin^tbe  whisky  traffic. 
Ur.  U.  owtu  and  r'vidoB  upon  the  farm  upon  which  he  was  bom  and 

ARNOLD  W.  HADLEY  way  Iwrn  at  Mooresville,  Ind.,  Way  8, 1848. 
His  parvnltt,  Jeremiah  and  Klisa  (McCrackeu)  Hadluy,  had  eight  chil- 
dren, of  whom  our  subject  wan  third,  with  two  brutbera  older.  He  lired 
npon  the  frum  with  his  paret^t:)  nntil  ho  wa.<«  twenty  one  yearti  of  ago, 
ppendiiig  aliont  one  third  of  his  "  school  age"  in  pamaii  of  an  eilunatiua 
In  l'S67,  he  went  to  KaosHS,  and  remaiuetl  rix  years — four  yoath  in  mer- 
cantile businocie.  and  two  dealing  in  live  stock.  Returning  to  Indiana  in 
1873,  he  for  the  next  cuccei-ding  ten  yeon,  in  company  with  bis  brotbor. 
rnn  tbe  Mnoresvilln  Klnvator.  handling  large  c|uantitie.'i  of  grain,  and  also 
dealt  extensively  in  coal.  September  16,  1S73.  he  was  married  at  Mon- 
rovia to  Ainieila,  daughter  of  Amo;^  Hunt,  deceaaed,  and  ha^  had  born  to 
him  two  children — Edward  J.  and  Hermon  A.  In  April,  1SJ*3,  an  the 
head  and  sole  mauagi^r  of  Ihu  firiu  of  A.  W.  Badloy  &  Bro.,  he  began  the 
mannfacture  of  drain  tile  at  MooreflviUa,  and  at  this  writing  they  have 
one  n(  the  must  extonaive  worki^  of  the  kind  in  Morgan  County.  Mr. 
Hadley  and  wife  are  memWrs  of  the  Friends'  Oburcb,  and  he  ia  Deputy 
(District)  Grand  Dictator  of  the  Order  of  Kni^hls  of  Honor.  Subject  I» 
a  Repnblicnn  in  polities,  an  aotive  worker  in  ihi*  cfiuan  of  toinpenmce, 
and  prorainentiv  idafttilied  with  the  educational  interwitaot  Moorosville. 

WILLIAM"  FOSTKIt  HAOLKY  was  b.>m  in  Uniwn  Township. 
Morgan  County,  Iml.  August  3,  IS-^.'i.  Hia  parents,  Jeremiah  and 
Eliza  H.  (McCraokeu)  Hudk^y,  were  Nurth  CaroUniatu,  and  traced  their 
ancestral  blood  to  thn  persecuted  Qaakers  of  th'n  British  Isle.  Tboy 
accompanied  their  respective  parente  into  Indiana  probably  about  half  a 
centnry  ago,  and  here  they  married  and  reared  a  family  of  eight  cbitdren, 
Williiim  F.  being  the  yonngest  son  and  seventh  child.  The  subject  of 
this  skntcb  Apcut  the  first  eight  yuars  of  hin  life  upon  the  farm,  and  his 
edunation.  which  consisted  of  a  thorough  English  ijonrsn,  was  acquired 
before  hewos  seventeen  yeareot  ogo.  Kt  the  ago  of  twolve  years,  he  waa 
placud  in  charge  of  the  M.  H  M,  Gravel  Road  Toll  Gate,  jnat  wmt  of 
Mooresville,  and  at  this  time  hia  buaicuaii  career  oomm«aoed.     At  theage 

fltlMO,  ho  entered  the  f^nx^ry  hooBn  oF  R.  R  Scott,  at  Moorennllo,  «« 
lerfa.  uid  tb«  foUowiu;;  yoAr  fitndtod  tho  injstAriee  of  pbanutey  ir 
the  drag  atom  of  J.  Edward^v  It.  mil  not  Ite  for^ttpn  that  up  to  this 
time  hiawiotarB  had  beeu  r^iguliu'ly  s)»>iit  at  schuol.  In  tbo  fall  of  1872, 
he  went  ialu  ihv  Moora'^villo  office  of  tli«>  Indianapolis  ii  Viqcchqka  Buil- 
ftHtd,  and  ibtffe  laamed  the  art  of  tplegraphj.  which  be  fullowed  profon- 
Biooaliy  fortho  noxt  ninp  jonra.  Dooeiobpr  2^,  1880,  b«  was  married  in 
UoTfnui  Oouaty  toCnflnie,  daa^ter  of  George  Farmor,  and  ban  hnd  born 
to  bim  ooe  child — Everard  F.  May  10.  \8H\,  b«  was  eWted  caMhii<r  of 
tb«  Farmttnt''  Bank  of  MoorGovillo,  and  ban  flincd  tilled  that  position.  In 
the  spring  of  1882,  the  citizt-'ns  tenden^d  him  the  ofiic'O  of  Tn>aeiirer  of 
IfoonsTilk',  bnt.  tli<*  trunt  wiu  drclinod  for  rnasoiui  of  tiis  uwn.  He  ie  a 
member  of  the  tirro  of  A.  ^\'.  Had  ley  &  Bro..  in  the  manufacture  of  drain 
tilea,  and  up  to  Jud<^',  1&83.  wait  Iar;;«ly  ioU^rMted  in  the  t^raiu  and  coal 
btuiufw)).  Ho  JK  a  member  of  tbo  fiiothodist  Episcopal  Cfanmh,  and  in 
politics  a  RepablioaiL  Ho  ia  a  thorough  btuiooM  man.  a  gentlemaD  and 
a  scholar. 

S.  M.  HADLET,  eldeet  boo  of  John  and  Elenor  (Chamhliiwi)  Hadlev. 
tutivee  of 'North  Carolina,  was  born  iu  Mort^aa  County,  lud.,  October  12. 
168B.  He  grew  to  mnnbuod  npon  a  farm,  and  during  bis  youth  riMwived 
a  good  Engtiah  edui'Ation  nt  the  uubMcription  and  public  aohoola  of  his 
native  county.  Hnn|>ti>aiented  by  a  coun^e  at  the  Paike  County  Qnidml 
JJcboctL  October  2.  IBStt,  he  was  m<irri<:<l  to  Saiuiru  Ann  Kemp,  u  native 
of  Parkv  CV)«nty,  Ind.,  and  baa  had  l>oni  to  him  two  childron— Curti«  J. 
(dnMll  and  LizeJe  E..  Mr.  and  Mnt.  Uiidley  are  birtlirighl  membpra  of 
tiie  Friends'  Cbnrcb,  and  Mr.  Hmlley  beloof^  to  the  order  of  Kni>f)its  of 
Honor.  In  politics,  be  is  a  Kepublican.  and  with  the  aoti -temperance 
elooieal  be  admits  of  no  comprouiiHu  Ho  remnvod  from  his  farm  into 
HoorMTilln  abunt  tbe  year  1 S72,  and  engaged  at  nncu  in  the  drug  biininniw, 
whidl  be  hue  eioce  folIuw(.>d.  Ho  owns  u  nicu  furic  i^f  I'ighty  ucrets  well 
iraproved.  fttocked  and  cuUivattKl,  and  in  addition  to  his  many  uther 
duties,  be  has  been  fur  sevvraJ  yeunt  paot  Di>puty  United  States  PuHtmna- 
ter  at  Moorosvitlo.  Uta  worldly  aCHjuinitionti  are  the  reaulte  of  bin  iiidi- 
vidnal  effort  and  tiiat)agt*mi!DU 

JOHN  W.  HINSON  was  bom  at  Mooreaville,  Ind..  on  Januory  2. 1842. 
and  is  Uie  eldest  of  eleven  nbildren  bom  to  hia  parents,  William  H.  and 
Mary  (I*utner)HinHon,  of  North  Carulinn.  His  early  life  was  spent  npuu 
thv  farm,  and  hi^  edacation  atxiaired  at  the  M(K>re«ville  Hif^b  School.  On 
Aognat  ir»,  1881,  he  enrolled  in  Ooinpnny  0.  Thirty-third  Indiana  Volun- 
teer Infaolry,  and  served  until  Soptonibnr,  ISft"),  Laving  veterai)i/,o<l  with 
bis  regiment  in  180^.  He  Ujok  part  in  mauy  hard' fought  battles,  and  at 
Keiiesaw  Mountain.  Jtine  21^  IS'Iit,  ax  n  rtwult  from  a  «hot  tired  from  a 
Misaissippi  rido,  Inst  bin  right  leg  Hbi>v<>  the  knee.  Depomher  '27.  ISflO, 
Its  waa  married  at  Moort-nTillo  to  MiirgtiTL't  Elliutt,  who  dipd  October  i), 
1881,  having  liomn  him  tliren  children — Viola.  Maude  (deceSied),  and 
Ethel  E.  Mr.  Hinson  was  elected  AMseesor  of  Brown  Township  in  18QQ, 
and  held  the  office  slmnt  five  yeara.  In  ISIIQ.  bo  was  appointi>d  Fcwt- 
fnnnter  of  Mooresville,  and  has  since  Ueen  the  incnmbent  of  that  ollico. 
To  Im  prefteot  wife  — Flora  B.  Koaoberry — be  wan  married  at  Offmao, 
Uol,  Aligns)  1.  1883.  Mr.  Hinsun  owns  lioth  residence  and  Imsinei* 
property  in  Mooresville,  and  while,  with  reference  to  worldly  goods,  ho 
Ih  AoniforUible  i^eDiTnlly.  iiothiug  has  been  given  him.  Hu  in  a  mombor  of 
the  MethodiHl  Episcopal  Church,  and  iu  puliticsa  Republican. 


HBNBY  HOUSE.  natiTe  of  Pnooe  William  ConDty,  Va.,  and  third 
of  Higbt  children  of  Joho  uotl  Cmthariiiv  B,  (Bletw)  Bonne.  natireK  of 
GermuiiT,  wa^  Ixjm  March  23.  IS2S.  His  parents  came  to  America  in 
the  Yfiir  \H00,  and  iuto  MorK'tn  County  in  IS-llt,  whoru  they  spent  the 
mmainilt-r  of  their  livtw.  <W  mibjfct  wns  r«)Brnd  iipnn  a  farm;  remainsd 
■with  his  fiaruntA  till  twenty  one  years  of  age,  ami  at  the  neigbborbood 
Kcbix>h.both  in  Virginia  and  Indiunn.  aoi|uinxl  a  fair  English  PtlncatioD. 
His  father  died  in  1S74.  at  the  age  of  eigbty-Eoar  }*ars,  and  his  mother 
two  yoartt  earlier,  at  the  ago  of  seventy -iw von.  On  tivptembor  &,  1843, 
onr  snbject  was  miirried,  at  MoorMvLlle.  to  EUz^lwlh  Ring,  a  DRiiTe  of 
IndiaOB,  who  di«d  September  2^,  1S48,  loavi  ng  two  ehildren — Sarah  Jane 
and  Harriet  Snrah  Jane  died  at  the  a^  of  five  yf^rn.  On  Octobi>r  25, 
lS4l).  be  marriut)  Sarah  E.  Pultz.  of  TeanesHee,  and  by  her  had  bom  to 
him  nieven  children — Anna,  Virgfinia,  Charlotte  (dcwfln-twl),  Nathaniel 
(deceased),  Dora,  Douglas,  John.  Otto.  Catharine,  Oertrnde  (deceased), 
and  Ethel.  Ur.  H.  it<  a  olae«  leader  in  t.b»  Metbudiitt  E|ii)»copaI  Cburob, 
it  Democrat  in  politics,  and  a  temperatioe  man  from  principle.  He  iti  an 
industrious  and  Bucctissfn]  fanner  and  stock -grower,  and  his  propc^y  ac- 
cnmulation!)  are  due  tiolcly  to  his  own  indiuitry.  He  owiiii  400  acrna  of 
fine  land  in  Morgan  County,  to  the  management  of  which  be  gives  bis 
]>enK)nat  attention.  Hr*  is  n  lover  of  iMtroing.  and  a  liberal  Buppca1««r  of 
cbarehes  and  benevolent  iustituLiuna  without   reference  to  sector  cri>od. 

WILLIAM  A.  HTXT.  wlitor  of  the  Moort's-ville  Monitor,  is  a  native 
of  Martinsville.Ind.Hiid  is  the  only  child  of  Nathan  A.  and  Mary  A.{C-oble) 
Hnnt.  nativw  of  the  Stat^  of  North  Carolina,  and  of  Englinh  nnd  Ger- 
man Pxtraction  ret*p£*otively,  William  A.  won  bum  Augiiwt  5,  1863,  aod 
hia  parents  rrnnoved  to  Mooresville  in  the  year  1854.  where,  with  the  er. 
ee]>tian  of  two  yeai-a  spont  in  Danville,  Ind.,  our  mbjeot  hoA  aioca  rMid»d. 
At  the  age  of  fourteen  years,  be  wbh  thrown  apon  hia  own  resonrcca,  and 
hie  schooling.  limitnd  to  nbont  eight  tnoatha  in  the  aggregate,  waa  pro- 
cured after  ^Bt  age.  In  1865.  bo  entered  the  coitf«ctioQery  atore  of  bi^ 
grattdfutbur,  at  Muoresvillo,  and  rumatnod  up  to  1874.  At  Uiis  time,  bis 
grandfathnr  having  died,  he  embarked  in  husinnse  on  hi»^  own  ancount, 
and  for  two  yeaic,  though  ii{>iirlr  destitute  of  dnancial  capital,  he  luan- 
agad,  young  «h  he  was.  to  support  himself,  his  mother  and  grnndinother. 
both  the  latter  being  cunHrmed  invalids.  In  !H77,  be  entered  the  office 
of  thu  Mooro^ville  Hertilil,  as  a  "  printvr'B  devil,"  wherv  bu  remsined 
three  years,  learniug  the  trade  of  a  printer  in  the  meantitDe.  and  in  ISSO 
engaged  wt  a  coratiositor  on  the  Moorosville  Mnnitor,  ami  in  ISSI,  upon 
Uie  retinnent  of  A.  W.  Macy,  Mr,  Hunt  was  ap[H>inted  by  the  directors, 
editor,  which  position  he  Las  since  beKL  uud  the  duties  of  wbieh  be  has 
discharged  with  credit  to  hiutBelf  and  to  the  satiBtoction  of  bis  patrons. 
Kince  Hpcoraing  the  editor  of  the  Moniloi — which  is  owned  by  n  joint, 
stoek  compnny — he  ban  by  indnfltry  and  economy  hn^u  able  to  po««esf  btio- 
aelf  of  two-tbirda  of  ite  eitock,  and  in  at  this  writing,  December,  188'}, tbe 
owner  of  a  controlling  interest.  January  ^1.  1877.  be  was  married,  iu 
Mooreeville.  to  Mary  E.  Diekiniion,  by  whom  he  baa  hwl  born  to  him  two 
children^Dwite  A.  and  Margaret  A.  Mr.  Hunt  is  a  coDaisteat  member 
of  the  Methodist  Episcopal  Church,  and  is  Reporter  or  Secretary  of  tbe 
Lodge  of  the  Knights  of  Honor.  He  is  also  Secretary  of  the  Old  Set- 
tlers' Aa.'iOci ution,  of  tho  district  comprising  the  oountit^u  uf  Morgan, 
Hendricks,  JohiiHon  and  Monroe.  He  is  a  writer  of  more  than  ordinai'y 
ability,  and  the  Monitor,  under  bis  manageiudnt,  in  rapidly  iucreuiog  in 



GEOBOE  iLNDBEW  JACKSON  was  bora  ia  Stokw  Conoty,  X.  C, 
Jdd»  1,  1842.  and  is  tha  sixtfa  nf  th?  twelve  ohildreD  bnro  to  William 
■■d  Cetia  (OorduD)  JavkaoD.  He  was  n«re<l  s  fEnner,  aod  came  to  thia 
flonotjr  in  Fubmarj.  1800;  be  resided  for  some  tinu;  in  Madiaon  Towa- 
•hip^  and  then  came  to  Brown  Townabip  »ad  jmrrhKiocl  a  farm  of  100 
MTia,  wbieh  h«  bae  well  ntooked  and  improved.  Mav  21.  IS7I,  he  mar- 
HmI  Lucy  J.  Pcrkey,  dangbier  of  Gvorgv  aurl  Lacy  iLan(ler«)  Perkoj. 
and  to  Lhi&  marriaga  have  be^o  bom  the  lollowiug  children:  Yioklte  J., 
Laura  Etta.  William  Stdopr.  Ovor^o  Amor,  LouW  Jane  and  Alloa  Hick- 
litL  Mr.  JackfioD  ia  a  member  of  Stooret^Titl^  Lodge,  Nn.  78,  F.  it  A.  M., 
and  Ure.  Jackson  is  a  member  of  the  rhrirtifui  Church. 

BF.N.IAU1N  FKASKLIN  JONES,  carriage  trimmer  and  bamesft- 
maker  al  Muorwville.  Ind..  in  a  native  of  Warren  Coootjr,  Obto;  i«  the 
vooDftwit  of  lAD  ehiUb-i>n,  fom*  widh  and  ai\  dao^tera,  of  Nathan  and 
Ibr^ret  tHawkins)  JoQe^.  natiTra  of  New  Jeraejr  and  Ohio,  and  of 
WeUh  and  EDglisb  eztractir>n  n<«|>Hcttvely,  aod  wa8  bom  May  d,  lS4i), 
He  was  r«>ared  vpoo  a  farm,  and  at  tho  public  achooU  of  Ohio  aoqaired  a 
fcood  Enf^lisb  nlacalion.  Septembtv  2.  ]S{V4,  he  enroll<-*d  at  Warnoevtlle, 
Ohio,  in  Compnny  B,  One  Hundred  aod  Eigbtinth  Ohio  YotaatAor  In- 
iKatrj,  and  served  to  July  35.  1865.  when  be  was  honorably  discharged 
with  the  rank  of  Duty  Sere^ant  on  acoouat  of  cevwatioD  of  war.  While 
inlbe  wrviee.  he  participated  in  the  battle  of  Kingston.  N.  C,  and  a 
number  of  ekirmictbi-a.  Soon  aft^r  vnl iittmeut,  be  waa  dutachud  and  put 
into  giuriMin  duty.  Ur.  Junes  came  to  Mooresville  in  November,  1S70, 
and  took  aervioe  with  Dorlaad  &  Or«gory,  dealers  in  hardware  and  agri- 
eattoral  implements.  In  Janoary.  ISTS'.  he  began  the  tnide  uf  bamesa- 
maker  and  carrixge-trimmer,  and,  in  1876,  set  up  in  boHineiwun  fain  own 
aoooont.  April  20,  1&78.  he  was  married  at  New  .Albany,  Ind.,  to  Kmma 
TbompsoD.  a  native  of  lodiano.  and  daughter  of  Bev.  L  N.  Thompson, 
aod  by  this  miurtai^  ht>  baa  hud  b<>rn  to  him  one  child — Bertnuu  T. 
Jkiter  retoraiDg  from  the  army,  be  wsb  engaged  in  the  dry  goods  bnsinees 
at  Lehanoo,  Ohio,  diiriug  the  year  1807  and  a  part  of  1868,  and,  in 
iSOb-iO,  be  was  at  OfiknIoo!<R,  Iowa,  in  the  grocery  busineee.  Aside 
from  a  small  iDhfrilauco  from  the  estate  of  bis  father,  be  has  worked  fur 
what  be  hafl,  aud  nwan  h  nice  ree<idenco  projMTty  and  the  splendid  brick 
hoildint;  in  which  he  carries  on  his  baBiome.  In  politics,  be  in  a  wide- 
awake Kvpubiican,  «  tfuipvrauoe  man  and  an  advocate  of  prohibition. 
From  187V  to  1882,  be  carried  on  the  manufacture  uf  carriages  and  bng- 
giw  in  addition  to  bis  other  bnsineas,  and  alto{*ether  hln  indostriocw 
cAbrts  bavt*  proved  satinf actor ily  remiineratiTe.  He  i»  a  highly  reepeoted 
dtisen  aod  a  ruliable  buKineM  man.  la  1876.  he  wau  Town  Clerk  of 
Uoorwrille,  and  ae  sacb  wrote  aud  compiled  the  town  ordinances.  The 
faither  of  our  subject  died  in  August,  180^.  at  the  age  of  »i  sty -eight 
jflttrs.  His  mother  yet  livpit  at  the  ago  of  alxiut  seventy-eight  vearH,  nnd 
makea  ber  home  with  bim. 

THOJUA-S  ELWOOD  LAWUENCE  was  bom  in  Grant  County.  Ind.. 
JUDD  IV,  IHiT,  and  waa  the  eldest  of  eight  children — tour  «ouk  and  four 
daugfateni— of  William  luid  Priecilla  (Williams)  Lowrouoo.  uatives  ro- 
■paotivolj  of  North  Carolina  and  Indinna.  When  eighteen  years  of  age, 
Mir  rabjeot  oocoinpanied  his  pnreott^  to  Morgan  County,  where  ho  has 
daM  Mred,  aod  whore  hiA  father  dirnl  in  188^  at  the  age  of  sixty-four 
jwira,  aod  his  toutber  eight  yearn  before,  at  the  age  of  lifty-one.  Subject 
wu  «doeatod  at  the  public  frcbooU,  tlvn  terms  of  which  be  afterward 



taught  in  Morgan  County.  He  marrim)  Delphina  HarTey  April  20.  1B71, 
and  hot  two  cbiltlren — iTnlaoand  Gorlrad«>.  Ho  is  abirtbrieht  laembor 
of  thn  Friends'  Chnrcb,  in  wfaich  society  hiH  mother  tcbs  for  l]fteeD  yearT> 
preceding  ber  deatb  a  prominent  uiinietor.  Mr.  L  is  n  prominent  Otld 
F«Unw,  a  B^ubliofio  politioatly,  and  sa  ardout  temperance  workor,  In 
1882,  lie  rent«d  out  bii^  farm,  and  enjgaged  iu  the  lumb^- businesH  at 
Mooresville,  MjirrinsTille  and  othor  points,  and  is  today  ono  of  the  most 
dxtenciive  hard-wood  lumber  dt^alere  in  IJib  county,  dealing  extensiTely  in 
iralnut  lumber.  To  givo  an  idua  of  Lbt*  prt<^L<nt  value  of  walDut  lumber, 
wo  will  fltnto  that  Mr.  Lawrence  ha.^  jnst  -^hipped  one  ear  load  of  fi^e- 
eigbta  walnut,  of  14.230  feet,  which  brought  htm.  loadud  on  oar  at 
MoowviHo,  $825.35. 

JAMES  MADISON  LEATHERS  (decpased).  native  of  Franklin 
County.  Ky.,  wart  born  May  Ih.  I8U.  and  di&l  July  3.  l8Sn.  la  1828. 
he  accompanied  his  lirotbor  Thumai;  J.  into  Indiana,  and  apont  the  rest  uf 
his  lite  in  Uor^an  CvUDty.  His  sobool  advantofroe  won>  rory  limitod, 
though  he  Inarned  flomnthing  of  rnndin^,  writing  and  arithmetic  by  at- 
tendanco  at  the  Kubecription  ecfauulfi  when  nut  engaeod  upon  the  farm. 
Ho  Diarrted  Martha  Jaoe  McDoiiald  Svpt«mWr  1&,  isSb.  and  she  bure 
him  twelve  children — William  W.  idecaasedi.  CharleB  S,,  Nancy  A.. 
Mary.  Theodore*  (deceased),  .John  (docoased),  Margaret  (dncAaMtd),  Sam- 
nel  (deceased).  Sarah  M..  Harrirton,  Douglawand  Mintie  E.  From  the 
age  of  fourtoeii  years  tiutil  the  day  of  hiu  diiafh.  subject  was  a  oontiiKt^iat 
raombsf  of  the  Ohriatian  Church,  and  was  for  many  years  a  MiiBter  Ma- 
son. HiB  firat  wife  died  March  4.  1S7!,  und  November  5.  of  the  Minw 
year,  howw)  marriod  in  Morgan  County,  Ind..  to  Pbcebn  T.  Jonra.  dnnf^h- 
terof  the  Bev.  H.  T.  Barge.  By  this  marriage  he  bad  bora  to  bim 
throe  r.hildreu—FlorcDoe  Uabol,  Bessie  B.  (docoased i.  and  Samuel  M. 
Mr.  L.  left  his  family  a  nice  property,  conaialing,  among  other 
tbiugii,  of  a  lino  farm  vt  1S3  acres,  which  hie  widow  Diunagos  with  akitl 
and  Hncc««ut.  He  was  a  ^reat  religions  worker,  Adiicattti  Lin  childrau,  and 
voted  the  Demoerati.-  ticket  with  pernietent  regularity. 

KILKY  MoOKAKV  is  a  native  of  Norlh  Carolina,  but  the  name  uf 
bis  father  and  the  date  of  his  birtU  are  nnkaown.  He  was  left  an  orphan 
at  a  vtTv  oarly  ^wriod  of  bis  existence,  and  bound  out  until  twnnty-one 
years  of  age.  He  was  taught  only  in  manual  labor,  and  has  turned  bis 
aoooinpliRhinontH  iu  tbi<t  direction  to  good  nocoiiut.  Ho  was  alx>ut  twen- 
ty one  years  of  age  wheu  be  came  into  Morgan  County,  probably  about 
1884-d&,  aud  fdr  several  years  carried  on  the  black&mitb  buslucas  at 
Mouresville,  at  which  ho  iiinde  oonnidernbte  money.  On  .4pni  2,  IHST. 
ho  married  Gracie  Staley.  who  bore  him  twelve  children — Mary  J&no, 
John  Wesley,  William  A..  Jamev  F.  (deoeosed).  Hamiiel  L.,  Margaret  M. 
(deceaeedl,  Sarnb  M.  (deeoased).  Kobecca  (decesHed).  Klizabetb  B., 
Oeorgu  T.,  Jusupb  W.  (deoeaeedl.  David  <T.  (deceascKi).  Tht^-  motbn:  of 
these  children  died  in  iSlO.  and  January  H,  1873,  he  married  Mary  Jane 
Li>ckwoo<l.  who  hae  borne  him  three  mms — Franklin  (deceaeod),  Chnrlm 
and  Frederick.  He  livee  now  U]xpn  hie  farm,  about  one  mile  north  of 
MuoreHville,  and  makes  a  specialty  of  breeding  thoroughbred  bogs.  In 
addition  to  bin  home  place  of  l-StJ  acres,  he  owna  a  tine  farm  in  Hendricks 
(bounty.  He  has  dune  iw  much  hard  work  as  any  man  of  his  age  in  any 
eoUDtry.  He  is  a  cuustt^tent.  member  of  the  Methodist  EpiAOOpal  Church, 
a  Democrat  iu  politic",  and  ban  uever  in  bi»  life  used  tobacco  or  whisky, 
nor  bud  one  dollar  given  to  him. 



PHILIP  McNAB.  M.  D..  &  native  ot  Morgan  Connty,  Ind.only 
of  Uctorv  uml  CiwAiKlm  (Ev&ual  McNab,  natiTes  of  Ketiliicky,  and 
of  Scotch  and  Welsh  ^'itraction  respeetiTely,  whs  born  July  12,  l>t33. 
IPhilip  wofl  reared  npon  n  tttrm  nod  ednrat^d  at  the  Northwestern  Chria- 
.tiau  UnirerBity  at  ImlisDapolii).  Id  the  saiQaitT  of  JS59,  he  entered 
btfae  office  ut  Dr.  Ford  at  Wahssli,  Ind..  aud  began  the  stndv  of  modicine, 
LwkI  ttie  following  fnll  and  mntor  took  a  fall  course  uf  loctiiree  at  Ann 
lArbor  (Mioh.)  Universitr.  Betnming  to  WabaBh  for  the  sninnaor,  he 
iftUeoded  tba  soeceedin^  fall  and  wint«r  at  Ann  Arbor,  from  whence  be 
gradaatedfiocbiMuiEitry  in  the  spring  of  ISOKandiuMar  of  this  year  (1S<}]), 
he  opeacHl  an  ufHc4>  ut  La  Gro,  Ind  ,  aud  praoticoi]  miM3tcine  for  the  nnxt 
two^Mim.  In  March,  MMYi.  ho  nnti^rrvl  I^ni^  li^lnnd  HoKpitnl  Collet^. 
Brooklyn,  and  in  June.  IStVJ,  graduated  tberefroni  with  tht-  de^rev  of 
Dootor  of  M«dtcin«.  and  after  another  abort  stay  at  La  Gro  n>moved  to 
Isdianapo lis, where  in  the  bsfnooing  of  18fU,  he  formed  a  partncrahip  witli 
Dr.  B.  T.  BrowD,  ProfewMjrof  Natural  Scioncoo  in  the  Jiortbweatem  Chris- 
tian L*ntV(>rsity.  and  for  fuiir  yoars  following  pursnnd  his  profession  of 
physician  uid  eurgeon.  In  th«  fall  of  18^S.  he  came  into  Morgan  County. 
and  tb«  foltowtn};  year  opened  an  ofHco  iti  West  Ni?iirloii,  in  Marion 
County,  where  he  r^raained  st>out  Ihreo  years.  In  November.  1872,  ha 
niDOtvd  to  MofjrvsTiUo,  Ind.,  whero  ht?  j  lumediatuly  took  rank  among  the 
leading  men  of  his  profession.  On  July  2ii.  ISOl.  he  wa^^  mArri^  at 
Bethel,  Ue. .  to  Mar}*,  daughter  of  Aaron  and  Ruble  Mason,  of  that  State. 
sod  by  thia  union  he  has  had  l>oro  to  him  two  ohiUlrea— ^Uolon  Mohod. 
Dftw  a  student  at  Butler  rnirersity.  and  Howard  Barlow,  a  resident  of 
Aritona  Torritory.  Dr.  MeNab  is  respected  for  the  knowledge  lit*  biw 
gained  in  bis  profession,  in  the  practice  of  wbiob  he  has  enjoyed  more 
than  ordinary  ev]>ririentMt.  Some  veHra  sincLV  b«  wa^  att^ociated  with  Dr. 
Xi.  D.  Waterman,  of  Indianapolis,  as  expert  in  the  chemical  analysis  of 
llie  stomach  uf  u  Mrs.  Dr.  Boason,  who,  it  wtis  ulloired.  hiwl  been  mor- 
dered  by  her  bai>band  at  Kokomo.  Ind..  and  wa.i  one  of  thn  mont  cole- 
bntt«d  cwee  of  the  day.  Later  on,  in  1S7::),  he  was  employed  in  tht» 
Muue  capacity  in  the  cn»e  itf  Basil  Bailey.  niioth>*r  notorious  caso,  at 
Frankfort,  Ind.,  and  was  the  author  of  the  exhanslive  synopsis  of  tlie 
analysis  published  in  the  Moorosvillu  Enterprise,  June  lU.  Lo73.  Upon 
the  analysis  in  the  case  lirst  named,  he  was  highly  complimented  by  the 
celebrated  Prof.  Blainoy  of  Chicago,  who  fully  ifldor»ed  it  iu  every  por- 
ticalar  The  subjeot  of  this  sketch  in  a  man  of  venatilt^  ability.  His 
lectures  on  "  M»f>lical  Sciences  "  before  the  society  of  pbysiciaus  and  sur. 
gAoDs,  npon  Physiology  bofnrs  the  high  school,  and  mxtn  temperance  l>o. 
fore  the  pt-ople,  lire  noted  for  ihoir  purity  of  diction  and  originality  of 
thoaghl  and  eloquence  of  delivery  At  this  writing  (November  ISSS), 
Dr.  MoNabb  is  Secretary  of  the  3Iooresvilte  Lodge  of  Free  and  Aooeptmi 
Uneona;  member  of  both  County  and  Huitu  Medical  Societies,  an  active 
Bepublican  in  politics,  an  ardent  "  Proliibitionist."  a  oonsistaot  member 
of  the  Ubristiun  Church,  and  in  the  eajoymeat  of  a  lucrative  {Hract'ce  in 
the  rommnnity  where  be  is  bi«t  known,  and  therefore  most  highly 

BSV.  PEKHY  T.  MACY.  a  wealthy  and  indauntiul  farmer  and  stvok 
grower,  was  born  in  Randolph  County,  Ind.,  August  10.  1825.  and  there 
lived  upon  tlin  farm  with  his  parentx,  Wtlliim  and  Hannnli  (Hinshaw) 
Mocy,  until  he  wait  twenty  tliree  years  old.  His  pftrents.  who  were  na- 
tives of    North  CoTOlinu,  and  descended  from  the  English  and  Irish 



TwpeoHvnly,  had  ttiirteea  childreD  (seven  soii»  sail  six  dADglitATH).  of 
whom  OUT  rabjoet  was  tfi«  oiDtb.  with  tivo  oldpr  hrotbera.  The  Rubsortp- 
tinn  schoolfi  nnpplisd  the  soarce  of  liin  edacatioti.  vbich  was  limited  to 
«lMiieiilar^  Htu<li(»^.  Though  h»  coDlinned  to  rtoiiilo  in  bin  nntivo  nnuaty 
UDtil  (ho  eprinj;  of  1^51,  he  was  marriwl  in  Morgan  County  September 
14.  184^,  to  Cbiirity.  diiughtor  of  Henry  MiUk.  Ufau  boro  kiiii  four 
childr«D,  throft  of  whoDi,  Albort  W..  Chnrlra  L.  am)  Ida  Ellen,  were  liv- 
ing &t  her  dnath,  which  o&curred  December  27.  lSt$3.  Avkf^  26,  18Q9, 
lis  married  iu  Dallas  County.  Iowa,  Rebecca  Hadlfty,  daughter  of  Qeurge 
Bowlee,  and  hashiid  bom  to  him  two  rbildren — Oliver  P,  and  Vernuu  D. 
BoT.  Mr.  Mucy  hiut  beon  rauiiy  yours  ivgatar  recorded  minister  of  the  Frienda 
Cbarch,  and  Hince  moving  to  Morgan  County  he  hoaowned  and  occupied 
the  fnrm  upon  which  he  now  residfc,  iibotit  one  mile  wostof  Moocntrillo, 
From  ISOll  to  1872,  he  was  Mt|xtriut4.itident  of  the  bn»inefl8  department  of 
the  Moorerville  High  School,  and  for  two  yesni,  1S73-74.  was  proprietor 
of  the  >loort«viUe  Ent^'rprMf,  n  vookly  paper  now  known  as  the  Moores- 
■ville  Monitor.  His  son,  Albert,  W.,  is  at  this  writing  {December,  ltl88) 
the  talented  editor  «!  the  Rivhiiiuui.1  iliid. )  PnUnfiium.  Oof  aabject  ia 
well  aupplied  with  thio  world's  goods,  u«&rly  all  of  whioh  have  been  ac- 
quired bv  bie  owii  indostry. 

ALLKX  T.  MANKER  was  twrn  is  Highland  Coanty.  Ohio,  April  15, 
1827;  is  the  sixth  son  of  nine  children  (eight  sods  and  one  dauRhler)  of 
Jacob  and  Marion  (Jonoe)  Manlier,  nai,ive«t  of  Ohio.  Hia  mother  died 
when  be  was  tive  years  of  h^,  and  the  succeeding  eleven  years  of  hiu  life 
wore  apc'ot  ut  difftreut  places  iu  tbe  iieigtilx irbood  of  bis  nativity.  He 
acquired  Bomnthin)^  of  an  edncation  by  a  few  moDlhs'  attendance  at  the 
winter  schools  in  hie  neighborhood,  and  in  1841,  in  tbe  town  of  HillslwFo, 
Ohio,  began  the  tratle  of  carpt-nte r  and  servpii  an  apprenticeship  of  three 
yeani.  He  eame  into  Morgan  County  in  184>j,  and  has  since  recognized 
MoonMTilie  as  hi&  homo.  In  IS54-DD.  he  ran  a  grist  tail)  in  Montgome- 
ly  (Joonty.  and  from  1H74  to  IHSO  bad  charge  of  the  Mugnolia  Mills  at 
Mooretiville  two  dtflerent  timem.  nffgregating  something  over  three  yuars. 
Going  thence  to  Brooklyn.  lad.,  he  cloned  his  null  experience  by  about 
one  year's  service.  Iu  i85(l-57.he  was  eugiiged  in  tbe  livery  business  at 
Mooresvillo,  and  tbo  rrat  of  his  lifo  Ims  boon  devoted  to  Uie  buainasB  of 
oontroutor  and  builder.  He  wait  married  at  Darliugtou,  lud.,  April  10, 
1857,  to  Nancy  -T.  ORskill  and  ban  had  txirn  to  him  seven  children  —Frank 
E..  Chrton  \V,,  Mary  I.,  Jamee  M..  John  W.,  Charles  and  LivingMt>ni, 
In  ISoS,  li'C  "  bull-wbacked"  acroea  the  plains  from  Iowa  to  Portland. 
Oreg,.  and  returned  to  Now  York  via  tho  ^throus.  The  best  buildings  in 
Mooresville  are  markn  of  bits  hondiwork.  He  superintended  the  erection 
of  the  new  Methodist  F!pii4co|>al  Church,  drew  the  plans  of  the  Maaonto 
buildiDf;;,  and  erected  the  Odd  Fellows  Hall.  He  i>^  a  mombor  of  the 
Methodist  Kpiscopal  Church,  belongs  to  the  Mtiaoos  and  Knights  of 
Honor;  is  a  strict  temperance  man,  and  in  poUtica  an  out  aud'Out  Demo- 

GILKS  BEFORD  MITCHELL.  M.  D.  (deceased),  was  born  iu  Bar- 
tholomew County,  Ind.  November  17.  182'2.  His  parontw.  Giles  and 
Mary  (Moore)  Mitchell,  natives  of  Virginia  and  Kentucky  respectively, 
were  married  in  Kentucky  in  1S07,  uud  nroigrutod  to  luiliaiia  iu  1810, 
locating  in  Charleston.ClarkeOtimty.  when  the  only  buildings  there  were 
A  block-house  and  a  log  fort.  Iu  1820.  they  removed  into  Bartholomew 
County,  und  in  1883  settled  in  Martinaville,  Morgan  County,  where  (rilee 


B«<onl,  who  wxs  ih«  (onrtfa  of  n  fsmilv  of  m  ehildrnn,  ncqnirml  tbf> 
mdimrats  of  aa  English  edocatioo.  In  about  1S37,  be  began  Ihestudyof 
iB«dioiii«  with  Dr.  Bvoiinl.  of  Slartinfivillfi,  aod  at  the  sod  of  on«  y«ar 
«Btered  the  Ohio  Uodical  ColI»j^  at  Cincianati,  from  whioh  iostibiiion 
be  HabeMiQcotly  fj^radunted  as  \L  C  He  i^Tacticod  miMlicino  a  fow  vpant 
in  Uartinsri lie.  and  from  1847  to  1^7  inMoorosTille.  wli«n  ho  n^tumed 
to  Maninsrillo  and  ^mbarlced  ia  the  mfKti&tile  bOsiMM.  This  b»  fol- 
IowkI  about  thr^>  yean,  but  ^rowiug  diMAtisOfd  sold  ont  and  rvttirawl 
to  ]door<«ville.  wb^re  he  n«iiiiHKl  hia  practice  whicli  he  oootioiiad  up  to 
within  a  few  dayn  of  bia  death,  which  oocurrod  Ootobor  (5,  1878.  He 
was  a  man  of  much  more  than  ordinanr  memtal  caliber,  and  hia  BOOoeM 
through  lifo  was  dne  lo  bi^  own  indo^tiT,  tmer^y,  aod  indomDitable 
Mreeveranoe  in  th«  pnntait  of  knowledj^  He  vra»  marrie^l,  Nuvombt-r 
90.  ISi'i.  at  Mooretmlle.  to  Sarah  Reagan,  daughter  of  Reason  Reagan. 
an  early  Mttlor  of  Morgan  Connt^-,  and  had  bom  to  him  nix  children — 
Uory  E.,  LanraA..  (dpr»asedi,  John  (deoBased)  Ida  E.  (dtK'essed).  t>arab 
T.  (dMMsed),  KmioaO.,  and  WiUiain  L.  At  his  death.  Dr.  AI.  had 
been  many  yeara  a  oonsielent  member  of  the  SI.  E.  Cbnrch.  and  a  Mftsou 
io  high  standiiij;.  He  wan  one  of  tbv  orKiuiizora  of  the  Fannera'  Bank 
of  MuoresvilJe.  and  for  several  years  its  l^rraidrait.  In  imlitioR,  be  was 
«n  onawerring  D^DOcrat.  and  was  atone  time  his  partj'V  candidate  for 
RepreMinlative  in  the  Stat«  I>gislatnre.  He  efiteeraed  hit*  profession 
aboTe  ell  i>ther  emplottnentfi  in  which  he  was  engaged,  and  devoted  him- 
self to  the  bank  only  tn-CAUse  the  accumulatioa  of  hift  toil  rix(uired  it. 
Bin  aim  wa*  to  be  a  aucceeaful  practitioner,  and  be  allowed  nothing  to 
tfontlict  with  Ink  darling  pnrpoee.  Hia  pert'eptionii:  were  Ter>-  keen,  and 
intfae  treatment  of  acnie  diaeiOAes  he  was  Tery  Huccewifnl,  Much  of  his 
exteoaive  practice  waa  due  bo  the  promptneeo  of  his  calls.  He  attended 
fftrtotly  to  work,  and  waa  oarefnl  not  to  neglect  any  of  bis  patiocts.  He 
took  bold  with  R  firm  hand,  and  the  result  was  not  doubtful.  His  sue* 
MMfol  oareer  is  a  brilliant  example  of  what  can  be  aorouipHshed  bj 
Mrneet  derotion  to  preetent  duty.  He  started  with  nothing,  having  to 
•i|pi  a  note  for  )x>rrL>wml  money  wilh  which  lu  prxMccutu  hia  stndies  in 
the  modical  college.  A.s  a  businei^a  man.  he  was  eraot  in  his  habita  and 
tsided  himm.>lf  on  Evstotu  in  uU  that  belonged  to  Itta  afTaire.  \Vbea  he 
newTad  oertaiu  premotiition  of  hia  approarhing  death,  he  arraoged  to 
•eltle  faia  basinet,  that  future  embcrranmeDt  might  be  avoided.  He  be- 
lieved in  applying  bank  prinoiplm  to  ordinary  huaint^ee  afTnirs.  and  this 
nvtem.  no  doabt.  bad  mnch  to  do  with  bia  Aiiocem  in  temporal  mattem. 
He  deferred  great  crvditandroap'^d  a  liberal  harreet  for  his  painstaldngs 
in  departmento  of  dnty.  He  left  his  family  a  handsome  patrimony, 
which  has  heen  skillfully  managed  by  his  aurviving  widow. 

JOHN  NAUGXjE,  blaokfliuith  and  wood  worker.  MooreeriHe,  Ind., 
aueondaoD  of  Emanuel  and  D«linda|lttH>de)  Nnugle.  natives  of  Peunsylva- 
nia nod  Virginia,  and  of  Ui-muui and  Kiiglisbextfactinnr(«|M>ctively;  was 
bom  in  Scott  Cotinty.  lod.,  October  23.  1S32. '  He  waa  reared  n poo  a 
fann.  and  at  the  roruiaon  Mboole  acqaired  thi?  nidiinents  of  an  Engliah 
education.  On  January  ],  1854,  he  waa  married  at  Malem,  Washington 
County.  Ind..  to  Charlotte  A.  Hoggvtt,  by  whom  he  has  had  bom  to  him 
ten  children,  two  of  whom  died  in  infancy,  not  named;  tha  othen  were 
named  as  follows:  John  Albert,  Joseph  Wilbtim,  Edward  Emnnnel.  .Mice 
Irene,  Leonora  fdecea»ed).  Ocorge  Elmer  fdeceseed).  Emeet  Morton  (de- 
etaeed)  and  Archibatd  T.     Both  Mr.  uud  Mrs.  Nuugle  are  members  of  the 



MethodUl  Epiecopal  Chiirch.  Mr.  Nnngle  cams  to  Moorfloville  in  Feb- 
mary,  I8G4,  and  For  the  next  five  yctaru  foUowwl  blndcsmitbiug.  Havinj; 
pateoted  u  ^anlcn  aud  field  boo,  hv  lot  a  few  luouUu  traveled  from  pluou 
to  place  introducing  tliem.  He  next  p«trfecU>d  other  psleats.  and  devotnd 
hiH  tim»  to  them  for  fiboitt  ttiroo  yoar^.  In  1871.  hn  FAmoTod  with  his 
family  to  (lenler  Vallp_Y  in  Hendritikn  Coiinfy.  and  lived  there  four  ye«rw, 
He  then  lived  huv<>u  j-ean  at  Vnlltty  Milli*.  ia  Marion  CouDly,  and  carried 
on  a  blacksmith  and  wood  working  shop.  Hie  shops  having  been  con- 
Huned  by  fire,  he  returned  to  Muunwillu  in  AuRiwU  1888.  and  a^^ain 
embArkpd  in  bin  old  hn.4ineMi.  He  now  owns  n  nice  residenao  properly, 
and  the  handsomeBt  blacksmith  and  wood  working  shop  combined  in  the 
ooanty.  He  umjiJoytk  aside  from  lijn  own  labor,  two  sbillfnl  workmen 
and  i»  rapidly  plnoing  btmself  at  Ihe  head  of  this  partieular  braooh  of 
but^ineee  in  the  town  of  Mooreeville.  What  be  hoe  of  tltis  world's  goods 
he  hfiH  worked  for. 

ROBERT  BARCLAY  NEWBY  was  bom  at  Salem,  Waehinj;. 
ton  County,  Ind.,  July  21.  1827,  and  lived  there,  FolIowiDg  forming  nsao 
occupation,  imti)  eighteen  years  of  age.  He  is  the  eldei^t  hod  and  third 
child  of  fivfi  boyi;  and  throe  f^irlsbornto  Micahand  Mary  I  Coffin)  Xcwby, 
natirea  of  North  Carolina  and  nf  Knglish  deacent  Roliert  R  was 
schooled  at  the  Washington  County  SenitDary,  and  in  the  year  1845, 
flame  to  Mooreeville,  where  he  hae  since  resided.  His  tjrst  eervjoe  btve 
was  with  S.  Moore,  as  clerk  in  a  miTcuntilu  establinhment.  ^iug  into  a 
partnership  with  him  at  the  end  of  five  years.  After  beinx  with  himtbroo 
years  Hr.  Newbv  retired  from  the  mercantile  bnsinesa,  but  continued  a 
parioenbip  wiLli  Mr.  Ntoore  in  farming  and  xtock  biminoss  for  iwrcral 
years.  June  IIS,  1850.  he  married  his  partner's  daughter,  Jane  M.,  who 
dJvd  in  AoKUaii  185%  after  having  borne  hiui  two  cbildrt^ii — Samuel  M. 
and  Frank  W.  (deoeaaed).  Hr.  Newby  married  his  ttecond  wife,  Mary 
Baridon,  in  Morgan  County  in  April,  1S7I>.  Since  1870,  he  has  been 
farming  and  etock  trading.  In  lo70,  he  wan  elected  Marshal  of  Mooroit- 
ville,  and  held  the  office  one  year,  and  ainoe  ISS2.  has  been  Jnstiue  of 
thft  PoQCO  of  BTx>wn  Townahip,  and  in  addition  to  the  dntiea  of  that  oflice, 
ia  carrying  on  a  general  collecting  agency.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Ua- 
Donie  order,  and  in  politico  an  active  Reptiblioan. 

WILLIAM  i>.  OVERTON  ia  the  third  son  of  Jamea  H.  and  Ann  M. 
(Parker)  Orortou.  who  Bpent  their  livi«  iii  North  Carolina;  lie  waw  bom 
in  Northampton  C^nnty  that  State.  July  4.  1S52:  came  to  Mor(5nn  (^mnty, 
Ind.,  in  the  winter  of  1H74,  and  up  to  the  spring  of  1883  farued  near 
Mourovia,  At  this  t<jwi\,  after  a  short  trip  West,  Mr.  Overton  entered  th« 
hardware  store  of  Hobba&  Johnson,  as  clerk.  In  July,  1H83,  he  bought 
out  the  Mooreaville  elevator  and  baa  since  been  engaged  in  the  grain 
biininefu*.  On  November  19.  1878.  ho  was  married  at  Hillsdale,  to 
Maggie  L&nkford,  who  died  March  il,  1881,  loiwing  her  husbaod  one 
child— William  Heury.  In  ISfiO.  Northampton  Ooimty.  N.  C,  cast  14 
votes  for  Abraharo  Lincoln  for  President  of  the  L'nited  States  and  Jameo 
S.  Orwrtou  was  one  of  the  numbor.  On  aocount  of  hi»  auti- Southern 
prinoiplee,  he  was  compelled  to  leave  home  diuing  the  wni-,  and  the 
motiUer  dying  in  ibe  meantime,  the  family  wa«  completely  broken  up. 
So  it  will  be  readily  noderstood  that  bo  far  in  life  William  D.  OrertoQ 
has  "  paddled  his  own  canoe."  He  is  a  member  of  the  Methodist  EpiB> 
copal  Chorch,  an  earnest  euppnrtor  of  the  eauae  of  temperance,  belong* 
to  the  Masonic  order  and  votes  the  Republican  ticket. 



BENJAMIN  HENRY  PERCE.  M.  D..  pnHiiinoiit  phyuician  and  enr- 
gvta  of  MooresFilIe.  lod..  is  eldest  of  livo  children  of  Prosper  and 
Mftfj  O.  (Rohiiuion)  i'«r<N\  natiTm  of  Now  York  ftnd  Now  Haropuhire, 
uid  of  Engliob  and  Scotrh-Irisb  extraction  rm^x^tively,  woit  born  in  Si. 
Josepb  Cutmtf,  Mich.,  Juue>  '21,  lUSii.  His  Tather  having  died  in  1854. 
leoTin^;  tbo  f&milr  in  soutewhat  iftrait«aod  eircauwtBiicoei.  the  sab- 
jeut  of  this  slietch  waa  Uirowii  early  in  life  upon  hie  own  rmoiircm.  He 
bad  BOqnired  oobki  knowlndj^  of  flifpi  writing  and  omamnntnl  pninting, 
and  did  caDoiderable  work  in  that  line,  by  which  he  accumuliited  a 
UD&ll  Hutu  of  money,  the  most  of  which  h**  liberally  gav«  to  hiis  iiiotJier 
and  voonK  eister,  and  with  $3  in  bia  pocket  and  his  estra  wearing  sppar- 
lel  rolled  up  in  un  «ld  eilk  haDdkerchiM,  young  Pc^rce  loft  tho  plnc-o  of 
hti  nativity,  and  took  np  his  march  in  raarcb  of  a  livelihood.  IVud^ing 
onward,  stopping  oocaeionnlly  to  saw  wood  for  broad,  he  arrived  tioally 
at  tbv  orod-HiDg  of  lhi.1  Now  Albany  &  L.  S.  K.  R.  Footsore,  tired,  bun- 
ny and  diBoouraged,  be  thrust  his  cane  into  the  EBud  aud  allowed  iU 
falluig  to  ducido  the  coiutie  of  hia  fartbur  travel.  It  bi-nt  ito  hoad  to  tb* 
aoath.  and  in  the  year  1K57,  after  <)Ierpin;r  in  fence  oornere  and  Feasting 
off  drycrackentaluUi'nH  Hubk>  night  >;|irL>ft.l  lierviD^sov^rbiU  and  dale,  our 
^ubj«ct  landed  at  UrwwucaBtle,  lud.,  thf  hoK-  im»i<>e«i«>r  of  but  "Jy  cents. 
Hb  retired  without  supper  and  began  work  before  breakfast,  so  that  wlieu 
dtonor  nrriTod — a  f^ood  ono  to  whirh  ho  was  kindly  invit^xl — tho  manner 
in  wbicb  he  attncked  the  eatables,  mnde  the  eyea  of  hia  generous  boat 
and  boat«««  stand  out  from  wry  wonder.  He  alternated  the  two8ucoeed- 
>t>S  yoais  between  Greeacaallo  nod  Plaintield  id  following  bis  trade,  and 
in  tbu  Hpring  uf  IS[)\),  came  to  Moorusville,  and  a  year  ufttTward  foruiod 
a  partnnrabip  with  a  Mr.  Mitchell  in  the  mannfncture  of  oarriagoH  and 
bnggiee,  which  enterprise  failed  in  the  following  year.  As  "jouniey- 
man,"  he  followed  bin  old  trade  at  difTvrcnf,  ji!a<'<^  up  to  the  wimmer  of 
1802,  when  he  raised  a  company  preparatory  l«  enteriog  the  army,  and 
drilled  it,  but  declined  a  oouiiuitision  as  it«  oommauder  in  favor  of 
Capt.  PflopleMi.  In  AngUHt  of  this  year,  he  entered  as  a  Corporal  in  Com- 
pany  E,  Twelflb  Indiana  Voltint^  Infantry,  and  aerwd  up  to  June, 
I86t>.  In  July,  l^fU,  at  Marietta,  (ia.,  he  received  a  aunfllrobe  whicb 
mnlted  in  tbe  destruction  of  bis  right  eye.  In  October,  1804.  he  was 
placed  npnn  dotaehed  dnty  na  Hospital  Steward  in  tho  provisional  diria- 
iOD  of  the  Army  of  the  Tennf^oee,  g^mg  from  there  to  Waahington  in 
tbeaauwi  capacity  in  the  Auger  General  Huxpital.  and  here  received  bis 
final  discharge.  I>r.  Perce  is  a  t^elf- educated  man,  having  attended 
acbool  but  about  eighteen  months  of  his  early  life.  His  first  ideas  of 
OMdieine  were  accjaired  while  in  tho  army,  and  in  the  winter  of  1S72-T3 
he  look  a  courts  of  lecturea  At  tbe  Indiana  Medical  College,  where  tba 
following  winter  be  held  the  cilice  of  Prosector  to  the  Chair  of  Anatotuy. 
At  the  end  of  thia  aeaflion  lie  graduated  as  Doctor  of  Medicine,  and  in 
Febranry,  18TU,  took  ad  cundem  dc^^o  at  the  Medical  Oollvgu  of  Indiana. 
In  the  iiprin^  of  187S.  he  began  the  practice  of  medicine  at  Mooresville, 
and,  growing  rapidly  into  popularity,  he  to-day  (Ueoember.  1KM3),  ranks 
among  the  roromoitt  io  bin  profeeaion.  May  14,  1^07,  be  was  mnnied  at 
Mooresviile  to  Eunice  Ann.  daughti*r  of  Jacob  and  Jemima  Cuumbs. 
By  this  marriag«<  be  bad  bom  to  him  two  children — Hunry  (decosiied  in 
iDfinnv).  and  Elsie  tiertmde.  Tbe  mother  of  these  children  died  Sep* 
timber  18.  1874,  and  in  April,  1876,  the  Doctor  married  at  Plaintield, 
lad.,  liis  preaeot  wife.  Elvira,  daughter  of  Simon  and  Martha  Homaday. 



Two  children.  EdiUj  {deoesMMl  in  iofADcy)  anc)  Mar7.  bavn  eranned  this 
unioQ.  The  Doctor  is  b  consistent  membBr  of  the  Motbodisl  KpisoopRl 
Cborch,  b4>Ionfra  to  thv  1.  O.  (>.  F.,  iii  o  Miwter  MaDoa,  a  Koi^bt  of 
Honor;  has  filled  most  all  the  officinl  clmirfl  in  tb^ae  societies  and  i.t  at 
proMDl  Exauiaer  of  tfa«  oae  Isnt  Dam«ML  la  Mn^oury  and  Odd  Fellow- 
•hip,  h«  beloQgB  to  the  Ur&ad  JLo«lj>Of)  of  the  State.  Ue  is  a  member  of 
both  oouutjr  and  State  Medical  Roclelit^.  uf  the  lirat  of  which  he  has 
boon  twi(N)  Prn»id(>iit.  flo  is  in  thn  onjoymetit  of  n  lucrative  paaitioD, 
nwnii  a  haQdnome  property,  ih  proud  of  bia  professioo,  and  jiutly  f>o  of 
bis  ttticcfiwt^ ;  bit  rolos  tlt«  Rtfpuhlicun  tickft. 

AMOS  W.  REAGAN  M.  I>. ,  a  promineut  physiGian  and  aurgeon  of 
Uoorosvillo,  Ind.,  is  tbo  fourih  nun  of  Bi^usun  nud  Piaaa  (Wiloou)  Rua- 
g&n,  UHtiTefl  of  Snnth  Carolina,  and  probably  of  Irish  and  Engliab 
Axtraotion  rMpectivdly.  Amoa  W.  was  born  in  Morion  Coanty,  lod., 
April  !l,  IHUn,  and  the  flrsiflixt^en  yoant  of  bio  life  were  apent  U[)od  a 
fam.  alteniatiD>^.  in  tho  imual  manner  of  farmt-nt'  nuns,  the  duties  lioreot 
Vitb  oceaaiOBul  attvnilouci:  ut  thu  cummon  E<chooU.  lu  lS4o,  hv  viil«r«d 
A-nbury  University,  where  for  thrw  yeiirs  he  assiduously  devoted  himself 
to  ^tady,  n(»|uiriDg  a  thor>>ii>jfa  Engliith  ('diicftlioii  ami  a  fair  familiarity 
with  the  cltuaicB.  January,  1^)17,  in  the  office  of  Dr.  Q.  B.  Mitchell, 
at  MouresvilU,  he  begau  the  study  of  uediciuu.  nud  at  the  end  of  une 
year  entered  the  Ohio  Medical  OoIIofTB  at  Oinoinnati,  from  whence  h« 
graduated  in  the  spring  of  1S51  with  the  dv^ree  of  M.  D.  Betaming 
to  Muormville,  (h«  Doctor  fonnwl  a  [wrtoi'rRbip  with  biti  old  ]>reoepcor. 
and  for  the  next  aueceediug  twentytwo  years,  intemiptt'd  only  by  a  three 
jmn'  service  iu  the  army,  carried  on  the  practiou  of  Toeiliciuu.  I>r.  Kua- 
gao  rose  rapidly  in  the  profession,  and  em  many  years  was  ranked  among 
tb»  mcwt  auco(>!tafTi1  praotitioaeru  in  Morgan  County.  Enrly  in  July, 
1302.  be  entf^red  the  service  of  the  United  Slatet^  and  waa  nt  once  rum- 
missiooed  Surgeon  of  the  Seventieth  Indiana  Voluuteer  Infantry.  From 
bio  onrollmmt  to  the  clom.'  of  tbo  war,  hi?  commaad  was  never  without 
liis  Bervires,  and  the  last  eighteen  montha  of  the  time  he  was  Acting  Bri- 
gado  SiirgaoD  of  llw  Fintt  Brigodo.  Third  Division,  Tweutiotb  Army 
Oorpa.  The  di.stingiiiahed  services  of  the  old  Seventieth  Indiana  are 
immortaliiied  iu  the  alretidy  wrttl«u  history  of  our  country,  and  it  is  not 
Mwontial  to  the  purposes  of  this  sketch  that  many  bloody  engagnmonta 
be  here  detailed  or  even  referred  to.  Sufiioe  il  tu  say  that  in  bivouac  or  io 
battle,  ib*  nick,  itn  wounded  and  itt*  dying  wore  U9ver  without  the  attend- 
ance of  one  of  the  moi^t  okillful  surgeons  of  the  army.  While  at  Bow- 
ling Ureen,  Ky,.  in  September,  1SG2,  the  Doct4jr  contraclert  chronic 
diarrhcBB,  resulting  in  diseBae  of  the  heart.  From  the  oO'ects  of  this,  he 
haa  Devor  rocovered;  bnt.  on  tho  contrary,  tho  eymptoma  have  grown 
perceptibly  worse  within  the  past  few  joats.  Prom  IST'i  to  187o,  onr 
subject  was  aasuciatvd  with  Dr.  P(>roe  at  Moormrille,  ttince  the  diieolu 
lion  of  which  partiiornhip  ho  haa  but>u  alone  in  the  prautioiN  Ho  has 
been  thrice  murrted,  and  is  the  father  of  three  children,  two  only  of 
whom  are  living.  Hi^  lirrit  wifi*  waR  Xnncy  Kooker,  dnugtiler  o(  Joaaa 
Itooker.  who  died  in  the  fall  of  INoS,  after  having  been  mariit-d  about 
three  years.  Hie  secoml  wife  wiut  Sarah  E..  a  younger  eittter  of  his  tirst 
wife.  She  lived  about  five  yeai-a  of  married  life,  and  died  without  wn« 
in  October,  1871.  To  his  present  wife,  a  Mm.  Ella  Ellioit,  who  haa 
borne  him  one  child,  he  was  married  in  \overaber,  1.SS2.  In  18')0,  lie 
was  elected  to  his  third  term  of  Trustee  of  Brown  Township,  bat  entered 



the  Cniled  StaUv  Aim;  before  the  term  ol  his  office  expired.  At  thin 
iniliD^  (XoTcmbcr.  18ls3).  Pr.  Reagsa  ia  eajoyinc  a  locrntiTP  practice; 
is  s  prnmiDeat  metober  of  both  Couot^  and  Stal«  UmlioaJ  Socit<tiw;  bn. 
bmga  tu  th«  Ma«onie  ord»r,  aod  to  tbo  Uetfaodist  Episcopal  Chnrch;  haa 
been  tor  the  pa'^t  nine  ycsj^  luember  of  th«  llooresrillt^  Ui;;h  School 
Board:  is  a  Republicaa  in  politics,  an  upright geDtleman,  and  rightfully 
l>o]d«  thf  (wt.-'cm  aod  ooBfidoBOo  of  the  commnnitj  in  which  his  life  has 
so  far  been  spent. 

TTIOMAS  A.  RICHARDSON  vsa  bom  in  Heiidrieks  Coantv,  Ind., 
Beptember  b,  iS37.  Uia  parents.  James  and  Rachel  (Little)  KichardsoD, 
nativM  of  Vir»finia.  came  to  MooresriUe  wheo  Thomas  A.  was  an  infant. 
and  hem  the  (athor  died  in  1882,  at  th«  age  of  sevpntT-oight  ytiant.  Up 
lo  fifteen  jears  of  s^,  our  subject  lived  in  town,  and  the  nttxt  five  jears 
b«  spent  iipun  the  farm.  His  edncatioD  was  limits  to  such  as  cddM  be 
bad  at  the  public  eehooU,  and  having  leamM  the  tinn^a  trade  at 
HooreHTilk*,  hi>,  in  IS*)!,  went  to  Wabaeb,  lad.,  at  which  place  and  at 
Indiaoapolis  he  work(>«l  afi  tinflmith  for  the  next  six  yosra  October  5. 
1805.  be  was  married  at  Moore^viMe.  to  Mice  Hawk,  daughter  of  Dr. 
Ourles  Hawk,  and  has  had  bcu-o  lo  him  three  chiUlren  -an  iotant  (do- 
ceased)  not  named.  Qraoie  and  Florenoa  Mr.  Riehardson  is  nee  of  the 
Stewards  of  the  Methodist  Church;  Trcosurex  of  the  "  Moncao  "  Lodge, 
No.  211.  L  0.0.  F..  and-Onide"of -V*«ty"Lod,rp.  No.  OilT,  K.  of  H. 
In  Ibe  spring  of  ISSO,  he  wan  elciCted  Tnutee  of  Brown  Township,  and 
iv^setod  thereto  in  the  spring;  of  ISSS.  In  the  fall  of  the  j<iar  Inst 
earned,  he  was  defeated  in  his  candidacy  for  Clerk  of  the  Circnit  Couil 
In  poliHcA,  he  til  a  Democrat,  and  hjn  preferment  in  n  towDHhip  larp^>lj 
Repnblicao  at  ono*  indicates  bis  popularity  and  his  fitueea  for  the  office 
to  which  be  has  been  twice  called.  In  the  Hpriug  of  IS^IS.  in  ]>artuer- 
flbip  with  J.  H.  Rasie,  he  embarked  in  the  stove  and  tio  baainnes  at 
Mooresrille.  and  hen-  he  has  BiDoe  remained  and  has  hwo  soODeeBfoL 
He  tH  a  imlt-raado  inan.  and  the  resnlt  in  an  aprigbt  and  hoaorab]«  mer- 
chant, cooficientioos  alike  in  hie  d^^ings  and  bic^  public  trusts. 

DR.  CLARK  R0BB1N8  is  iht-  !*ou  of  .Alfonl  and  Isabel  (Origgs) 
Bobbins,  who  were  natives  of  Ohio,  and  of  Irish  extraction.  Thejr  came 
into  Indiana  about  a  hnlf  a  century-  ago,  and  settled  in  Moi^:an  C^mntr. 
where  on  Jolv  10.  1S30,  their  M^ond  i<oii,  the  subject  of  this  sketch,  was 
bom.  Clark  alternated  the  duties  of  farm  life  with  attendance  at  Ihe 
poblie  schools.  Ue  luet  hitt  father  wbeu  but  fourteen  years  of  »g«,  and 
atnoe  that  time  has  "paddled  his  own  canoe."  At  the  age  of  nineteen,  he 
befraa  the  stodj  of  medicine  in  the  office  of  Dr.  HntchinsoB  at  Mooras- 
rille.  sod  in  the  winter  of  lvSSA-o7  took  a  full  course  of  lectures  nt  Ann 
Arbor  (Mich.)  University.  The  following  wintvr,  he  Kpent  profitably  at 
the  Cincinnati  (Ohio)  Medical  College,  and  in  August,  1859,  began  the 
practire  of  medicine  at  Ifonroria.  Ind.  ki  the  end  of  two  jreani.  be  re- 
movM  to  Bnxiklyn,  Ind..  whom  for  the  ensuing  siitonn  ymi9  be  par- 
sooil  hi^  profeesion  with  dattenng  suoceee.  The  AUperior  school  advan- 
tages of  Martinsvillt^  took  him  lo  that  town  in  the  spring  of  1876.  and 
from  Uartimiville  he  removed  to  Mooresvillc  in  the  fall  of  ISSO.  Here 
be  ban  since  plied  his  profession  with  cn-dit  to  himself  and  to  the  satis- 
Caotioo  of  hi^  patrons.  September  29,  18nD,  he  was  married  in  Monro- 
via to  Eliza  J.,  daughter  of  John  K.  ^iVilbite,  and  has  had  bom  to  him 
ODe  child — John  A.  KInt.  Rohbiue  having  died,  the  Doctor  wan  married, 
Paoamber  JO,  i^QS,  at  Centreton,  Ind.,  to  Melissa  Hardwick,  by  whom 



be  ba«  bad  bora  to  hioi  fLr«e  cbildreo — Ella,  Minnie  and  Sehnjlur.  B 
Rnd  family  are  all  membeni  of  the  M^lbodifit  Frotefitant  Cbnrch,  the 
Doctor  in  fnct  bfiing  ono  of  its  ino*t  snbalantial  pillarH.  Hn  i*  class 
leadftr,  Financial  St<>ward,  attd  Supirititendent  of  the  Sabbatb  Hcbrxil. 
For  tw^uty-tbrHe  yeant,  be  w&ii  &  member  of  tlie  M^thoiliet  Episcopal 
Cburcb,  bat  in  Febraary,  IfiSl,  joined  tbe  above  body  and  bas  »inc« 
beeo  nn  Btuneet  worker.  The  oaly  political  oflSc«  the  Doctor  eTer 
aspired  to  Teas  that  of  Troatoo  of  Clay  Towiwhip,  and  tbia  offieo  bo  held 
for  ten  conBecatire  years.  Dr.  Bobbins  wae  by  education,  early  trainiog 
and  many  years'  practice,  idontifiod  iritb  th«  "  allojMitliic  system,*'  but  a 
fflw  years  Hinoe  he  oboee  to  adopt  a  more  liberal  oourso,  so  ho  cut  loose 
from  "  crecdB  and  ethics, ' '  and  now  pnwticws  under  the  beat  authorities 
of  the  allopathic,  eclnctic    and  homceopatbic  nchoola. 

ISAAC  W.  ItOOKER  was  bora  in  Blount  County.  Tenn.,  Norember 
25.  1S(36.  and  catue  to  Indiitna  in  1S18.  witb  his  parents,  who  nettled  in 
Waj-no  <rouQty.  I'rom  Wayne  the  family  removed  into  Morgan  Connty 
in  iH'i'Z,  and  locstvd  upon  land  cutvrod  from  tbo  United  State's  Govern- 
ment in  Brown  Township,  and  here  the  father  and  mother,  Wiltinm  and 
Nancy  (SalT^ll)  Rooker.  spent  tbe  remainder  of  their  lives.  They  w»^ 
natires  of  Eo^laod  and  Old  Virginia  r«apectivtfly,  aud  lived  to  a  -very  old 
ue,  being  each  abont  eighty-four  years  when  they  departed  thi»  lite. 
'^ey  were  married  in  Virginia,  and  Iiv<od  to^thor  an  man  and  wifoaboilt 
siity-five  years,  rearing  a  family  of  eleven  children,  live  sons  and  .six 
daughters,  of  which  number  Isaac  M'.  was  tenth.  He  was  r«ar»d  as  a 
farmer,  and  bad  the  benefit  of  abont  nine  months'  acbooling  in  Brown 
Township,  but  ecems,  however,  to  have  improved  his  oppariuoities  ft* 
l(>iu'nin^,  for  he  waa  employed  several  monthti  at  teaching  the  yonng 
children  in  his  neighborhood.  April  6,  1826,  Ur,  Rooker  was  married 
in  Morgan  County  to  Folly  BallartI,  a  native  of  Ohio,  by  whom  he  had 
bom  lo  Lim  nine  children — Elizabeth  J.,  Nancy  A.  (deceased),  Kacbael 
E.  (docoased),  Mary  Anu,  Calvin  F..  Rufna  R.  (dccAueed),  Jolin  W., 
William  .\.  (deceased),  and  Catbarine  L.  WilliamA.  died  in  the  Unitad 
States  Army,  and  the  mother  of  tL€«e  cbildreu  died  October  8,  lH83,  at 
the  age  of  about  eev^nty-Bix  years.  Mr.  and  Mra.  R.  both  bi-came  mem- 
bers of  tbe  Methodist  Episcopal  Chnrch  when  young,  and  Mra.  B.  lived 
and  died  as  a  Christian  should.  His  property,  aside  from  a  small  in- 
heritance from  the  estate  of  bis  fatber.  has  been  acquired  by  his  ono  in- 
dustr}',  and  like  mi^t  of  the  pioneers  of  a  new  country,  he  learned  lessons 
of  hardship  and  privation,  and  has  eaten  of  the  broad  earned  by  the  sweat 
of  the  brow.  He  has  always  been  of  a  somewhat  retiring  disposition, 
and  to  attend  )itrictly  to  his  own  biisineEiB  and  sHow  other  peopin  to  do 
tbo  same,  ban  been  the  ruJe  of  bia  actions  through  life.  His  declining 
years  art"  being  epent  peacefully  upon  bis  uld  homestead, where  bi»i  wants 
are  adminiatCTcd  to  by  hia  daughter  and  her  husband,  who  live  with  him, 
and  who  upore  no  efforts  to  make  his  old  age  comfortable  and  happy. 

CAPT.  SAMUEL  M.  ROOKER,  citizen  nf  Mooiesville,  Ind..  is  the 
third  eon  of  Jesse  S.  and  Candace  L.  ^Conduitt)  Kooker,  natives  of  Ten- 
neseee,  and  descendants  from  the  Qermau  and  the  Frenoh.  reBpeotively. 
He  was  txirn  at  Moorasville  Mjiy  22,  1824.  H»  was  trained  to  farm  life, 
and  edtiosted  at  the  public  echools,  Uis  parents  came  into  Morgan 
County  in  the  year  18lB,  and  here  spent  the  remainder  of  their  years, 
his  father  dying  in  1843,  at  the  age  of  forty-nine  years,  and  hie  mother 
ten  years  earlier,  at  the  age  of  thirty-eight.     He  wan  married,  February 



24,l844,to  Nancy  MoNeff,  liw  wljom  he  had  born  to  himslxohildron — Mnry 
Candlioe  (deee*Md).  Miirion  Howard  Mo«.as(\l),  KanBas  Adalide.  Otto  E. 
anti  Mattie  B.  Angaat  lH,  1-S(VJ,  he  ^-oUred  the  service  of  tLc  United 
StHU>B  as  Captain  of  Coiujiuiiy  E^  Twc-lftli  Indiana  VoluuUwr  InfaDtry, 
and  Bt»  montlis  thoroafter  vias  compvlled  to  rfttiffo  on  oooouiit  of  pbys* 
ical  diaabilitir.  Though  out  but  a  eboit  timet,  he  bbw  considerable  real 
MTvioe,  having  particiiiHte<l  in  ibo  bnttlo  of  Richmond,  Ky.,  and  any 
onmber  of  akirmisheB.  Roturning  fi-om  the  war,  he  engaged  in  Iho  mer- 
cantile boetiiiMH  at  ^aoreaville,  from  which  he  retired  in  alxiut  a  yvnr, 
and  bitilt  tho  Mngnolia  Mills,  and  oondu(>ted  them  twolvo  or  thirteen 
yean.  Be  hne  bought  and  sold  over  4,50(>  acres  of  valiiabln  lands  in 
Br^wu  TovD«hip;  dmU  ext<>iisiv9ly  ju  gruia,  and  Iwen  nn  active  buaineea 
luan  generally.  The  panic  of  lS"5-76  coet  liira  over  ?'iO,()00,and  in  Novem- 
ber, 1881,  bis  ri'sideaoe  in  Muortisvillo  was  completwlv  deatro^yed  by  fire. 
So,  with  all,  CapL  Itooker  hun  bad  bis  ahnro  of  tbonpsand  downs  of  life, 
and  still  ridee  the  wavea.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Mothodiat  £pieoopsl 
Chareh:  high  ap  in  the  order  of  Odd  Fellowa;  a  D«uiocrat  in  politica;  a 
farmer  by  occupation,  and  takes  life  easj'  iu  hiB  new  splendid  roajdeDMs 
into  which  hu  biui  just  luovud. 

WILLIAM  ASBURV  ROOKEB  (deceased)  waa  bom  in  Wayne 
County,  Ind..  Jannury  6,  ISlO,  and  died  at  MoowwTill©,  Ind.,  Augnat 
16,  18-10.  Uv  was  the  second  aon  of  Jeuse  ty.  and  Candaoe  L.  (Goudnitt) 
Itooker.  and  had  one  brother  and  six  hielers  younger  than  himsnlf.  At 
the  aco  of  about  twelve  yoani,  he  entepe<i  a  diy  (joods  bonse  as  clerk,  and 
rsraained  nine  or  ten  yeans.  On  December  20,  ]83U,  he  waa  married  to 
Rnsna  Rosie.  daagbtor  of  Michael  and  Catharine  (Houae)  Ruste,  of 
Moor««ville,  and  had  born  tu  him  four  children — Thom&HB.  D.,CandacoC., 
Kary  C  and  Wallace  A.  (deceased).  Soon  after  the  death  of  his  father, 
which  oociirred  in  IMS,  our  siibjfwt  p\ircha*ed  tho  old  homeHtr^ad,  cun^iat- 
ing  of  abont  IHK)  acres,  the  title  to  which  deecended  to  hie  widow,  who  yet 
owna  andmanag4«  it  with  the  skill  of  an  adept.  Hiu early  ediicattou  was 
limited  to  unch  as  th<' neighborhood  schools  o!  tho  day  affordod,  but  lived 
to  be  a  self-Uiuitht  and  eelf -mode  man,  and  at  the  time  of  his  death  was  a 
itnperior  «cbolar.  In  1837.  ho  wn«flftat<Ki  TroRmiror  of  Morgan  County, 
and  was  the  inoombent  of  that  ofBce  when  he  died.  He  was  a  conei&tent 
memborof  the  Methodiat  Episcopal  Church,  and  a  Mastic  Mason,  under 
and  by  tho  rites  and  ceremonies  of  which  order  he  wa.4  buried.  In  }>oli- 
tica,  he  was  a  IX'taocrat,  but  hie  election  to  the  office  of  Treasurer  of  Uco'- 
gan  County  was  due  not  alone  to  his  rank  and  ataoding  in  that  party,  bnt 
to  his  tme  wcrth  and  merit  as  a  good  citizen  an  well.  His  widow  was 
left  with  fourttmall  children,  whom  shu  has  rcartni  and  cured  for  aa  only 
a  Cbrietian  mother  conld.  Wallace  A.  died  at  tho  age  of  twenty-throe 
yenrt.  Thomas  reaidoa  at  home  withhim  mother,  and  the  two  daughters, 
married,  and  with  families  of  their  own.  live  in  the  immediatt*  tieigbbor. 

HEXBY  ROSSIEB,  a  native  of  Canton  Vaad,  Switz«rland,  wm  bora 
Decemherll.  183U.  and  came  to  America  in  the  spring  of  18(12.  He  was 
well  ednoated  in  the  Frenob  languagts  and  before  ho  was  nineteen  years 
of  age  had  mastered  tbetradeot  watch-maker.  Hia  parcata,  Jaofj^ueaand 
Margaret  (Tetaz)  Ito«>«ier,  had  five  aona  andAre  daughters,  and  of  the  ten 
children  our  subject  waa  next  to  the  yonngoat,  and  the  only  one  who  ever 
came  to  America.  From  IS(J2  to  18(17,  itflnry  alternated  between  New 
lf«Tk,  Indiaaapolis  and  Terre  Uant«.  the  &m  three  years  at  his  trado,  and 


the  lull  two  in  tL«  ^rocpry  busineBs.  January  20,  iSfifi,  hn  wan  marric 
Id  Ti*iTs  Haute  to  Emily  Drotz,  who  lian  borne  him  fivecbildrun — Wjlltam, 
Katie.  Cmil,  Cbarli-s  ami  Waller  I'deceiiMd).  By  [)er»ir>tenl^flortaD<l  the 
opplicatioD  of  a  oAttirally  superior  tniad,  Mr.  Bosai'er  has  poH6ee&ed  him- 
self of  a  good  Englisli  education,  and  is  at  tbifl  writing  (Docembt-r,  ISSS) 
one  of  tlie>  Tructow  of  the  ^looresville  Wif^  Sebool.  He  wuh  broof^bt  np 
in  tbe  PreabTleriao  fmtb.  bat  is  now  a  member  of  th«  Metbodist  £piiioopal 
Churc-b.  He  b.^louK'R  U>  tlie  I.  O.  O.  F..  A.  F.  k  A.  M.  and  K.  of  H.  at 
MoorflBvillo,  whero  be  ha»  bean  cof^agal  in  tbe  jewelry  buHiueseHinuetbe 
year  ]8fl7. 

JOHN  H.  RUSnS.  Iwrri  in  Prince  William  Connty.  Ya.,  December  22, 
183-ii  cam*  here  with  his  parents,  Michael  and  Ctilharino  (Hoiuw)  Rnsie, 
Doiives  of  tirnnaiiy.  who  sullU-d  nt  Muoreevilitt  in  iS'Sd,  ami  berettpent  tbe 
remainder  of  their  yenre.  In  his  yontJi.  our  Bubject  learned  the  tiuner'H 
trade,  and  received  a  fairEitglieh  education.  In  1855.  ho  <>ngafT(>d  in  the 
berdware  and  tia  baeines^.  nnd  followed  it  for  five  yearn;  eold  out.  and 
for  the  Dext  two  yeare  managed  lb<>  businei^  for  bis  eQCC(«eorii,  In  Sep- 
tember, 1857.  Lu  mairiud  Mnry  J.  Oil«man.  daiH,'bter  of  Jasios  Olleman, 
of  MooresTille.  and  has  had  b<irD  lo  him  three  children— Arameda.  Jamee 
H.  nnd  Fredi>rick.  Aiitiu^t  1",  ISH'Z,  Mr.  RiLiin  ontornd  the  service  of  thp 
United  States  a»  Fourth  Duty  Sergeant  of  Company  E.  Twelfth  Indiana 
Voluulner  lufaulry.  and  served  to  tbe  cloee  of  the  war,  when  he  was  bouor- 
ably  discharged,  having  in  the  meantime  b<>en  promoted  to  the  rank  of 
First  Lieutenant.  He  took  an  active  port  in  the  buttlea  of  Kichmoud, 
Ky. ;  JackKon,  Mifls. ;  MixKionary  Rid^*,  Atlanta,  Orideraville,  and 
SsTannah,  Ga.;  Colombia,  S.  C. -.'Bentonville,  N.  C,  and  in  Sherman's 
eelebrattHl  campaign  from  Atlanta  tu  tbe  sen.  He  roturnud  to  Moon's- 
ville  in  1805,  nnd  again  embarked  in  the  stove  and  tin  business,  to  which 
wa5  eubsequentty  added  hardware.  In  tht.'  spring  of  1SS2,  ho  sold  out 
to  his  partner,  Mr.  T.  A.  RichardHon.  and  engaged  at  once  in  hia  present 
buHine»s — of  furniture  and  undertaking  He  is  a  member  of  the  Meth- 
odist Episcopal  Church;  a  prominent  Mat>ou  and  Odd  Fellow,  aod  in 
politics  an  nncom promising,  grat-clasfi  Democrat 

ROBKRT  R.  SCOTT  was  bom  in  Franklin  County,  Ind.,  Joly  16, 
1B3S,  and  lived  in  the  Ktato  of  WittcontiiD  from  I84'2  to  1N53,  ginoe  whiob 
time  he  has  made  Brown  Township,  Morgan  County,  bis  borne.  The  lirst 
WTonteon  years  of  bis  life  -Kcre  spent  npoD  a  farm,  siaco  when  he  has 
boirn  in  mercantile  businees  oa  maoh  as  twenty-five  yenrs.  August  18, 
1802,  h(i  enrolled  in  Company  E,  Twelfth  lodiann  Volunteers,  and 
eeni'ed  three  years.  He  was  promoted  to  Orderly  Sergeant  almost  iro- 
Tiipdiately  upon  hia  entoring  the  service,  and  wna  nuit  rais^^^l  id  order  lo 
the  rank  of  Second  Lieutenant.  P'irsl  Ljeulenant,  and  in  .June,  1803,  to 
that  of  Captain  of  tbe  company.  He  was  with  hie  command  in  nil  the 
deadly  battles  through  which  it  passed,  nnd  the  history  of  Indiana'a 
soldiery  is  augmented  no  little  by  the  brilliant  achievements  of  the  "gal- 
]ru)t  IVelfth.*  Oapt.  Hoott  retired  From  the  mercantile  busiue«6  iu  1883, 
and  has  since  been  upon  bis  farm  recupei-atiug  his  health,  which  had  been 
Bomowhnt  depleted  by  Jong  continement  at  indoor  labor.  Heonteredthe 
directory  of  the  Mooresville  Dank  in  ISSH,  and  was  electtM  lie  Vioe 
Prekideiit  the  year  following.  In  addition  to  his  Mouresvi lie  property, 
he  owns  live  liuu  farms  iu  Morgan  County.  All  bitu  pro^^erly  boe  bv«n  ao- 
quiredaiucB  the  late  war  by  bis  own  industry,  and  in  a  strictly  legtttmatej 
way.     January,  IiiOU,be  was  marriedtoMary  Hodloy,  whodied  in  Aogustt 


i860,  nnd  id  .TaQe,  1872,  he  married  Loaisft  H.  Hsrvej.  who  has  borno 
bim  fire  pbildrcn— Marj*.  Curie.  Joonie,  Robert  H.  nnd  SbIUc.  Capt 
Scott  JB  a  member  of  the  Slethoditit  Bpiscnpnl  Cbnrch,  belongs  to  the 
UaeoDJc  Order,  is  a  Rppubliean  iu  [joIUJeo,  and  is  a  citizen  of  whom 
UoorMvillo  uiaj  woll  i>t>  proud. 

FREDERICK  SHEETS.  mprcliaDt,  farmer  and  stock  grower,  was  born 
ID  Prince  WniininCouiiiy,  Va..  Fobruury  :J4,  1823.  Hit*  pnreDts,  Ctoorg© 
uxl  Margaret  (House)  Sliet-te,  were  nativeA  of  Ot-rnianjr,  and  came  lo 
AiDerica  iD  lS14ur  1&I5,  nnd  in  1-S3i'l  took  up  Ibeir  abode  at  MooresvlllA, 
nod  hero  fl|>pot  tlm  remainder  of  their  dnyti,  the  former  dying  in  IST7  at 
the  ase  of  ninoty-one  yeurs,  and  the  latter  in  the  year  of  1^7  at  the 
age  of  fifty -seren  years.  Our  mibject  tearn^Kl  the  carjient^ir's  trade  with 
bis  father,  and  followed  it  about  eight  yeara.  He  was  firel  married,  at 
MuoreBville.  to  Churlultt'.  daughter  of  I>r.  Charles  Hawk,  and  bnit  bad 
born  to  bim  six  children— Laura  Alice  (deceased),  William  O.,  Kate  Alma, 
Harrj-  O..  Hattie  L.  and  Mertie.  The  mother  of  thefto  children  having 
died.  Mr.  fihoetH  was  man'ied.  October  20,  1870,  to  Caroline  Peoples,  his 
pteeent  wife.  In  IStil,  the  finn  of  F.  Sheets  &.  Bro.  was  organized  at 
Uooniflvillu.  nnd  ban  eiacu  exittti^d.  They  do  a  large  mvrc(Lntilubu»in<«tt, 
end  carry  on  four  exten»i'v«  farms  in  Morgan  and  Hendricks  Cotintiea. 
Aside  from  the  firm  property,  F.  Sheets  owns  some  half  dozen  piec««  of 
towo  property,  anmRg  them  the  fiaeat  residence  in  Moorwvilla  He  is  a 
member  of  the  Republican  C.ou[ity  Central  Committee,  beloDgH  to  the 
MuMnic  order,  and  is  a  member  of  the  Mothodint  Kpiticopnl  Chnrch. 
His  property-  has  all  been  acquired  by  his  individuni  effort  and  enterprise. 

DANIEL  SHEETS,  a  nal.i've  of  Prince  William  CoiiiUy,  Vn.,  and 
younger  brother  of  Frederick  Sheets,  was  bom  June  IS,  1S25,  and  came 
witli  his  jjarenlB  into  Morgan  County  in  183U.  Hc<  reruained  with  hiti 
parentA  until  he  waH  nlMint  twenty-two  yeaTH  of  age.  ilia  early  life  was 
»>eut  upon  the  farm,  and  at  the  neighborhood  schools  he  acquir«d  a  fair 
Gngliidi  education.  Since  ISoI.  he  ha^  been  an  active  partner  in  the 
firm  of  F.  Sheets  A  Bra  He  waa  one  of  the  orgiinizere,  and  for  two 
yean  Director  of  the  Fanuera'  Bunk,  AIooruevilltN  He  in  a  member  of 
the  Metbodiiit  KpiHoopal  Church,  and  Treasurer  of  the  Mooresrille  Lodge 
of  A.  F.  &  A.  M.  He  is  nn  enterprtBitig  bachelor,  a  good  bueinecu  mac, 
an  opriKbt  citiKi-n  nnd  a  Itepublican. 

KEV,  HIGH  STACKHOUSE.  present  resident  miniBter  of  the 
Motbodiut  Protcetaut  Church,  Uoorveville,  lud.,  was  born  in  Br«okinridge 
Connty,  Ky.,  November  9.  lbS7.  His  pnrenta.  William  and  Jane  (McNah) 
Stackhouse,  nativea  of  England  and  of  North  CarcHun  reftpectively, 
camu  to  Indiana  in  the  year  1S41,  settled  in  Orange  County,  and  there 
ended  their  daya.  They  had  eleven  children— eight  aona  and  three 
dsnghtera— and  aix  of  the  aoni  and  one  of  the  danght^m  were  older  than 
the  sobject  of  tbissketch.  Up  to  eighteen  yeajn>  of  n)^e,  Hugh  StockbuiiEe 
lived  ufioD  a  form,  and  from  hi(«  father  (who  waft  a  8Ui>ertor  r«cbolnr),  and 
tbroagh  a  pretty  regular  attendance  at  the  public  echools,  he  received  a 
good  Eiiglinh  education.  About  this  lime,  he  bi'gan  bis  theological 
atodieii.  and  in  the  year  IS'iil  was  received  into  conference  at  Mcrristown, 
lod..  and  two  years  thereafter  regularly  ordained  Elder  of  the  nhnrch. 
After  being  received  into  conference  In  \bh9.  ho  wa.s  at  once  aligned  to 
Bicbland  Circuit,  which  embraced  twelve  places  for  preaching,  and  held 
tbia  charge  thn>o  yeara.  The  year  following  bo  occupied  the  Monroe 
Cfrcnit;  and  on  April  2U,  IkfVi,  he  was  married   at  Snlsberry,   Ind.,  to 




Nancy  Jane,  d&ngTitcr  of  Wiltiani  and  Miut  HaDnatn,  of  Obto,  and  b( 
had  born  to  him  four  cbildrea — Urbine,  Charles  H,  (d^oaswl),  Arthur 
and  Com  >Iay.  Since  entorin;;  th«  rninistrr.  the  Itor.  Mr.  StaoUiotuie 
hau  l>eei)  kopt.  cotuLanflr  on  duty,  iind  daring  thn  timfi  has  held  sonie  of 
tho  moHt  imixirlRnt  char^»i  in  the  Cniti^d  ^tat«a.  Me  is  a  tborougb 
theologian,  aod  raaka  higb  eiuonf;  Ui9  maQ^  eloquent  luiDiatera  of  the 
Mcthodiat  Protestant  Church.  In  adJilioa  to  hix  pBfltoral  duties,  b«  ia 
the  occnRionRl  corro^pondent  tor  nevornl  Churdb  periodioala,  and  holds 
tbepoeitioangularl/of  Corr^flponding  Elder  for  tbp  Methodist  Recorder. 
He  Dfl8  ropresentod  hi*  conference  Id  (onr  General  <!)oaferenoe»  and  two 
Getierul  Ccnvontions;  ia  a  Royal  Areh  Mason,  a  Repoblican  in  polttioa 
and  a  Btiinch  udvocatci  of  thv  cuosl'  of  tuiupL'rauc^^i. 

ELI  J.  SrMNER  was  liorn  in  Highland  County,  Ohio.  May  28.  1812. 
Hia  pBKnts,  Absalom  and  PriBCJIla  (JackBon)  ijarnn^.  wwo  nativM  of 
Surrey  Ooarty.  N.  0..  aud  of  Welsh  and  Scotch  extraction  renpectiTelj. 
Eli  i.  Sumner  received  a  reepectable  ounimon  BCbooI  and  academic  edn> 
cation,  aad  subsMjuenliy  bccumo  a  toachor  in  Union  Somiuory,  ia  bis 
native  connty.  In  the  fall  of  l!^iil>,  he  visited  Mooreifville  tor  the  finut 
time,  spent  n  few  weeke  in  proepectin^,  and  then  rotarned  to  HtRbluDd 
County,  wbere,  June  13,  \^iZ.  be  married  Anna  £.  Boxley,  daughter  of 
George  Boiley,  of  Spottaylvania  County.  Va.  May  5,  1S34,  M"r.  Sum- 
nerV  wife  died.  In  the  fnll  of  the  tiama  yoar,  hn  came  on  bormback  to 
Uuoreeville,  and  the  following  winter  taught  in  the  Mcxin  Scboolbonae, 
near  by.  Jannary  21.  1830.  lie  wa«  married  in  Morgan  County  to  Jane 
E.,  danghttjr  of  Joshua  Carter,  and  at  once  settled  on  a  tract  of  land  pre- 
aent4id  to  bim  by  bia  father,  about  eis  milea  west  of  Moo^i■^viIlu.  In  tbe 
fall  of  1S40,  be  purcbanod  a  lar^  Honring  and  saw  mill  near  the  inllat^e, 
tsd  operated  it  until  the  spring  of  1>J53,  when  be  r«mov«d  to  SharpaTille, 
Tipton  Connty,  and  engaged  in  the  mannfacturing  and  shipping  of  Inm* 
her  for  a  few  montbs,  and  then  returned  to  hix  farm  near  Mooreevill^ 
where  bo  roujaiuod  until  ISG5  (in  the  muuawbile  carrying  on  s  lumber 
trade  in  the  Wabatih  Valloyi,  when  he  moved  to  Wabash.  In  the  aprisg 
of  1888,  be  moved  to  lDdinQR{M>]i».  and  in  the  fall  of  ISfifl  retomed  to 
Moorehville.  By  bis  necoud  wife  ho  became  futher  of  seven  children,  all 
born  in  Morgan  County — Thomas  C,  William  C.  Caswell  B,,  Jauie«  O., 
Anna  E.,  Hannah  C.  and  Nancy  E. ;  of  tb«se,  the  eldest  two  only  are 
living.  Mr.  Sumner  lias  been  ideutibed  with  several  religious  deuoroi- 
□ntiooa.  but  is  now.  with  bis  wife,  a  consietent  JVCetliodist.  In  politini». 
he  IB  a  nepublican,  and  he  baa  always  been  an  active  worker  in  the  canse 
of  temperance. 

GEORGE  P.  THOMPSON,  a  fanner  of  Brown  Township,  was  born 
ID  CbiLtbao)  County,  N.  C.  September  h,  3811,  and  cume  to  Indiana  in 
1833.  After  spending  a  few  months  in  Morgan  County,  be  returned  to 
bis  native  State,  but  before  the  end  of  ISSi  be  wns  back  in  Morgan 
Ooiiuty,  where  he  bus  since  lived.  His  life  ban  been  npent  upon  u  farm, 
and  hiB  schooling  acquired  at  the  Friends'  School,  White  Lick.  Decem- 
ber 18,  1836,  be  was  married  in.  Brown  Township  to  Millie,  a  daughter 
of  George  A.  Scboffner,  n  native  of  North  Carolina,  who  came  into  Mor- 
gan County  in  1820,  and  was  one  of  the  (our  men  drowned  in  1820  while 
attempting  to  cross  White  Lick  Crook  in  a  onnoe.  Mi-.  Tbompeon  has 
bad  torn  to  him  eleven  children — Louisa  (dead).  Margaret,  Mary  A,. 
A»b«i*\',  Sylvester,  Adbod,  Speneor.  Maliudn  (dead),  Stirnh,  Fremont  and 
Saiuuel.     Mr,  Tbompeoa'a  parents,  Samuel  and  Sarah  (Womble)  Tbomp- 



«oo,  were  DAtivee  ot  North  Carolina.  The  TbompeODs  oame  originallv 
from  Eoglaud,  aud  the  two  old  poople  emifrroted  lalo  ladiana  in  ISOv 
■ml  located  in  Humilton  Counly,  where  the  mother  died  in  ISBI  at  th« 

Xof  eij{hty.fonr  yonrs.  Th«  father,  how«vpr,  died  in  North  Carolioa. 
QCe  he  had  retomed  io  lb~2.  at  the  age  of  ninety-five  years.  Our 
subject  uwdm  a  tloe  farm  of  lOl)  a«nw.  U|>oii  which  hu  n«idu>i;  is  a  Ktook- 
boldw  io  tha  M.  &.  U.  Gravel  Koa<l  Company,  and  wn-i  for  tift^r-n  yoara 
one  of  the  Direolors  of  suid  company.  His  property  Uns  been  ncxiuirod 
by  the  anited  indnstry  of  himself  and  wifa  Tboy  are  both  conaisteDt 
iD«mb«ra  of  the  ChriBtian  Church,  and  hare  h&en  tor  more  than  a  quarter 
of  B  oentoTV. 

JJlMSS  O.  TUOilPSON  is  the  son  of  Jcnatbao  H.  aod  Elizabeth  E. 
<Latta)  ThompBon.  who  wore  burn  nod  married  ia  Ifuith  Carolina,  and 
there,  in  the  county  of  OraDgn.  on  AiiguH  II.  183tJ,  the  subject  of  thia 
sketch  lirat  saw  the  light  of  day.  The  family  came  to  Indiaoa  in  the 
year  184&.  and  for  tht>  next  two  years  lived  aboal  four  mik-a  west  of 
MoorwTillB,  when  they  removed  to  Tipton  County,  where  a  change  ot 
«onaty  lines  iinh«eqnontly  placed  them  in  Howard  County,  and  here  they 
lived  up  to  the  year  1B07.  Betarntng  thence  to  Uorgnn  County,  they 
lived  B}^in  two  yeant  upon  their  old  homestead,  when  they  removed  to 
UoorMvillo,  and  the  firm  of  J.  H.  Thompsou  it  Son,  dry  guoda  mcr- 
chantA.  first  became  known  to  the  business  world.  The  fuller,  Jonathan 
H.,  WU)  a  highly  roxgwct^  and  nntorpriHing  citizen  of  both  the  town 
Htd  ooanty.  He  died  February  5,  1^4,  aged  eixty-aeveo  yeara.  Prior 
to  1869,  J.  O.  Thompson  livwl  upon  a  farm,  aud  bi«  edocation  waa  the 
beat  possible  to  his  cireuuistanoea  and  sorrnundinga.  Docomber  20, 
1866,  he  wan  marriud,  iu  Howiird  County,  Ind,,  to  Quiic  K.,  danghter  of 
Jonathan  L^*.  Etiq.,  and  by  her  had  born  to  him  five  children— William 
~i.,  two  iufauts  not  uamed,  Qulio  ami  Ella,  the  four  last  nil  dying  io  io- 
fancy.  Tho  mother  of  theee  ohildi-oa  having  died,  our  Hubjoot  waa  mar- 
ried. May  14.  1874,  at  Irvingtou,  Ind.,  to  Meliesa  B.  Ititter,  who  has 
borne  him  three  children — Ralph  R.,  Harry  U,,  aod  Clyde  C.  (deceaaed 
in  infancy).  Mr.  and  Mi's.  Thompson  are  memben  of  the  Methodist 
&)iBCOpal  Church,  and  he  i»  au  Odd  Fellow  and  a  Kuight  of  Houor. 
at  was  elected  TiUHtoe  ot  Browu  Township  in  IS'i),  and  held  tho  office 
two  terms.  As  a  business  man.  he  ia  enterprising  and  sncceetifnl,  and  as 
a  politicinn.  an  active  lUpublican. 

JOHN  HARBIHON  THORNBTJUQH  i»  the  second  cton  of  BenjamiD 
aod  Suaau  (Mouical)  Thornl>urgh,  aud  waa  boru  in  Washington  County, 
lad.,  November  4,  1^21.  He  waa  reared  upon  the  farm,  and  acquired 
the  rudimoDte  ot  on  Knglitth  education  at  the  neighborhood  schools.  At 
iho  age  of  twenty-two  ynara.  ho  left  the  parental  roof,  aud  for  the  next 
foor  yaara  t«aght  school  during  the  winter  months  aud  farmed  during 
the  summer.  He  was  married.  Deoombur  24,  1S4Q.  iu  Moonwitle.  to 
Eliza  Gray,  widow  of  Dr.  Orny  (decoH-ued)  and  daughter  of  RoiiHon  Knn- 
(tiM  dMoasod).     Their  thrst  born,  Thomas,  died  in  infancy,  and  his 

_~  lera  are  Elizabeth  (wife  of  A.  \V.  Conduilt).  Alice  L.  (widow  of 
:  Wharton),  and  Sugie  (wife  of  O.  E.  Itooker).  At  the  age  of 
forty  years,  our  Aubject  gave  up  farming,  and  for  fifteen  years  followed 
merchandising  in  Mooreeville,  and  iu  the  npring  ot  18ol  ei^Sfjed  iu 
Mbvral  inauranoo,  real  ofltnte  aud  money  brokerage,  which  he  has  siooe 
followed.  He  has  been  thrice  Tmetee  ot  Browu  Township,  and 
Deputy  Bsvenoe  Collector  for  Mortjau  County  under  Qrunt'sadminiBtni. 


^B  forty  \ 



lion.  Tbo  late  pftuic  eame  nearly  bsnknipting  him  SDonoially,  but 
left  bis  oDorgjr  aod  busiooafl  ability  uaiuipuired.  Ui>  ia  a  promiDeot 
member  of  the  Me>Ji(xli»t  EpiecopAl  Chiircb.  a  Republican.  &□  uilvocat« 
of  t«mporBiK»,  BTiA  n  public  »poiik#r  of  morit  und  a   progroeeive  ritiz4>ti. 

BENJAMIN  THORN'BUIUiH  (dftceaneil)  was  born  September  25, 
1797,  iu  Mprtrer  County,  Ky.  In  ISOS,  bin  paroute  muvud  to  ImliaDB 
Torritory.  and  nettle  1  ono  railo  itoutbwi^t  of  Salem,  on  Bine  Itiver.  in 
Wnshington  County,  Hk  lived  with  his  fntht^r  on  the  itam  until  Im 
twentieth  yuar,  whon  ho  wa«  niarriwl  to  Suitiui  Monioal  on  thn  20th  day 
of  February,  1817,  by  Bev.  Jamee  H&rbiBon.  Daring  the  war  of  Ibl'J, 
bu  joinuj  the  Territorial  army  of  the  frontier  under  the  proclamation  of 
Gov.  JenniugB,  and  helped  to  build  H>voral  blook-houseB  for  defenie, 
into  which  the  early  at<lllnrfl  Avd  for  protection  from  the  Indians.  He 
eoliated  uuder  Mnj.  William  Hoc.k»ttt,  and  thity  eent  ont  pickeUi  who 
pUBfld  over  the  coimlry  from  wht>r(>  Fredericksburg  now  'Htanda  to  Liv* 
oaia  and  Browuntown.  They  built  a  fort,  now  Salem,  iu  which  bib  par* 
ants  remained  about  three  tnontbti  before  the  close  of  the  war.  In  April, 
1822,  hi*  moved  to  Morgan  County  and  settled  on  the  eaet  side  of  Whit* 
Liok.  near  where  Brooklyn  now  standti-  He  sflsiflted  hie  lather-in-lavr, 
Peter  Monioal,  in  building  the  Bret  permanent  dam  across  Whit«>  Licit, 
at  Brooklyn.  In  about  I§2&,  he  entered  the  land  from  Congress,  which 
he  cultivated  aud  lived  npon  until  bis  death,  which  occurred  on  the  ISthof 
Novpmber.  1883,  at  the  advanced  age  of  eighty-eix.  He  joined  thoMnth- 
odist  Episcopal  Cburch  in  Aogost,  1816,  aud  wao  licensed  08 
an  eshorter  in  1833.  by  Eli  P.  Farmer.  He  was  a  linn  believer  in  the 
rj-nth  of  the  Bible  and  in  the  ChriKtian  reiigioa.  and  tried  to  tallow  out 
every  day,  during  his  long  and  evpntfnl  life,  the  principle  taufjlit  in 
that  great  Ik>ok.  He  wait  among  the  tirxt  to  apeak  out  agaiiiHt  liceuiwd 
eatoone  in  Moore»ville.  He  never  had  a  lavr  suit  vith  any  one»  bat  peuoe 
seemed  to  crown  hie  pathway,  and  he  cloeed  his  life  in  full  hope  of  im- 
mortality and  eternal  life. 

BENJAMIN  F.  TBOGDON,  farmer  and  stock  deakr  of  Brown 
Township.  Morgan  County,  Ind,.  second  of  the  twelve  chiUlreo  of  Joel 
J.  and  Sallie  I.  (Julian)  Trugdon,  was  born  iu  Reudolph  County,  N.  C. 
February  15,  1S47.  Hie  parents  emigrated  from  Carulinu  to  Miai^ouri, 
and  from  there  came  to  Indiana  in  1805,  our  subject  having  at  that  lime 
been  in  Morgan  County  about  five  yeara.  Benjamin  grew  to  raanliood 
oQ  a  farm,  and  at  the  common  schools  ac>ijnirnd  the  rudiments  of  bd  Kd- 
glish  education.  On  Febraary  0.  18C4,  he  euliated  iu  Company  L, 
Twentyfiist  Regiment,  First  Indiana  Heavy  Artillery,  and  served  until 
January  10*  1866.  August  17  following,  having  laid  aside  the  aocou- 
terments  of  war,  be  donned  those  of  atrueciviliau,  and  forgetting  not  tbs 
many  pretty  promieeshe  had  made,  and  remembering  the  heart  that  beat 
moat  wildly  sb  two  tearful  eyas  glanced  over  the  dispatches  that  lold  of 
the  booming  of  the  cannon  at  the  siege  of